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The Gospel Messenger 

'■This Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME"— M....6: io ; 2 

"T m , w , e a " a , u 5.' n uot0 • ■ • the stature of 
the fulness of Christ. — Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 72 

Elgin, III., January 6, 1923 

No. Li. 

In This Number 


A Question for the New Year 

What. Should the Standard Be? 

We Can Help It to Come 

• In the Service of the Church (H, S. M.), 

Among the Churches 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour, 

The Forward Movement — 
t [gating .Comm 

From the Mail Bag, 
Much Yet to Be Done, 

: to Nigeria. By A. D. Helser, 

Contributors' Forum — 

The Quiet Hour (Poem). By S. S. Blough, 2 

The Elder and His Church. By Wm. Kinsey, 2 

Early Doctrinal Efforts. By J. H. Moore 2 

The Duty of the Home Church. By G. E. Weaver 3 

The National Christian Association Opposed to Secret Societies. 

By William I. Phillips 3 

Every Church Member a Gospel Messenger. Selected by Wealthy 

A. Burkholder 4 

The Round Table— 

The Bank of Heaven. By Olive A. Smith 6 

The Second Mile. By Ida M. Helm 6 

If There Were No Hereafter. By Eva Hinegardner, 6 

"To Them Which Arc Called." By Edyth Hillery Hay 6 

A Horizontal Position. By Archer Wallace 6 

Better Than Ourselves. By Julia Graydon 6 

What the World Calls Success. By Wm. J. Tinkle 6 

Home and Family — 

A Guest's Welcome (Poem) 7 

" 'Twill Shelter Thee." By Elizabeth Rosenberger Blough 7 

How May a Small Salary Ruin a Girl's Character? By Mrs. 

Geo. Vail, 7 

The Day of Small Things. By Ursula Miller 7 


A Question for the New Year 

What would we better do this year? Finish up 
the Forward Movement program — not? Nineteen 
twenty-three, you know, is the last year of that special 
five-year period. And several of the goals lack more 
than one-fifth of being reached. So there is plenty 
yet to be done. 

More than you expected four years ago, perhaps. 
That is, the unfinished tasks are larger and more 
numerous than you then thought they would be by 
this time. Were you at the Becker Bicentennial ? Do 
you recall the enthusiasm of that great occasion? Do 
you see again that platform full of new missionaries? 
Can you feel again the thrill of that Wednesday after- 
noon, when the Conference rallied so magnificently to 
the leadership of our lamented Bro. Williams and went 
over the top with that $150,000 offering? And do you 
remember how the whole Brotherhood was stirred by 
the reverberations of that meeting? Surely a new day 
was dawning for the church. 

A new day was dawning and we are living in it, but 
it doesn't look like what we thought it would. Things 
have happened which we did not foresee and some 
things which we did foresee, in that bright picture we 
had painted, have not happened. But is that any 
reason why we should not fill this year full of the 
best effort that is in us? Those goals still point us 
in the right direction. 

And what if our Forward Movement planning 
should lead us to other goals than those we had set? 
Others which, if not so immediately impressive, are 
nevertheless of more enduring value? What if this 
five-year experiment should incidentally help us to 
discover ourselves? What if it should show us the 
main weaknesses in our organization and method of 
attack and, most important of all, in our conception 
of our job? And set us to studying this question until 
the meaning of our profession would break in on us 
with new clearness and a new compulsion? That 
would be something very fine. 

A brother told us in substance, this very morning, 
that something like this is taking place— a brother, 
too, who is particularly competent to judge, for his 
work takes him into hundreds of churches and thou- 

sands of homes. He sees much of the church life. 
He finds many evidences of an awakening to the mean- 
ing of Christian obligation and Christian privilege. 
But this brother, as well as others, finds evidence also 
of misgivings on the part of some as to the outcome 
of certain tendencies. These misgivings pertain espe- 
cially to the alleged trend away from the distinctive 
tenets of the church. 

For example, it is said that our preachers are not 
preaching doctrine any more, or very little. One sel- 
dom hears a sermon on the mode of baptism, or on 
the difference between the passover and the Lord's 
supper, or on the binding character of the " ought " 
in John 13: 14, or on non-conformity to the world or 
almost any other of our peculiar doctrines. Thus the 
impression is fostered that these things are of little 
or no importance. 

The same indifference to this matter, it is urged, is 
reflected in the church paper. Articles on the distinc- 
tive features of the church are not nearly so frequent 
as they used to be. Some have noticed that even the 
editor writes mostly about other things. 

Now it would not be strange if, along with the 
encouraging tendency noted by the brother referred 
to above, unfavorable tendencies would also develop 
which need to be guarded against more carefully. 
That is ever the temptation of weak human nature. 

But these observations naturally suggest several -in- 
teresting questions: What are the facts as to the 
alleged neglect of doctrine? Is the indictment well 
founded? If so, what is the explanation of it? Why 
do our preachers not preach more doctrinal sermons? 
And why do contributors and editors not write more 
along this line? And finally, what should be done to 
remedy the situation? What is the right attitude for 
the Church of the Brethren on this point? 

Perhaps the problem could be more succinctly put 
in something like this fashion: Does the Church of 
the Brethren have a definite mission? If so, what is 

Certainly we might do rriuch worse than spend some 
time in thinking about this question. And isn't the 
beginning of a new year — even the concluding year of 
the Forward Movement period — as good a time as 
any? - 

What Should the Standard Be? 

How many yards you find in a piece of goods 
depends somewhat on the length of your yardstick. 
How many bushels you get out of a pile of apples 
depends on whether your bushel basket or box holds 
forty-eight pounds or only forty. 

To the man standing on the station platform, when 
the limited went through, that train seemed to be run- 
ning very fast. But to the passengers of the local on 
the parallel track it was moving very slowly, while the 
man in the airplane above, flying at a hundred and 
fifty miles an hour, thought the train below him was 
backing in on the switch. 

Einstein has the right idea. Relativity is the thing. 
Jt all depends on your standard of measurement. 

Has Christianity accomplished anything? Compare 
the present position and treatment of women, children, 
the poor, the sick, the insane, with conditions of five 
hundred years ago or with conditions now, where the 
influence of Christ has not been felt. 

Has Christianity accomplished anything? Look 
at the exploitation of weak peoples and classes by the 
strong, look at the bootlegging and lawlessness and 
crime, so rampant in our day, look at the luxury of 
the lazy rich and the suffering and want of the helpless 
poor, look at the constant industrial strife and the 
warring between Christian ( ?) nations, and then try 

to imagine what would happen to these conditions if 
the golden rule were actually put to practice. 

Is the church using its financial strength for the 
extension of the Kingdom? Compare what is now 
given for this purpose with what was given only forty 
years ago. Then compare it with what is spent for 
things we could as well do without. And then with 
what would be done if all would do as well as a few 
are doing. And then with what could be done if every- 
body did his best. 

What you get when you measure something depends 
on the measure used. But is that a mere matter of 
convenience? Does it not matter at all what the 
standard is? And what results we get? 

We Can Help It to Come 

The Veterans of the World War is an association 
of men from different nations who fought side by 
side in the war. At the late convention of the Amer- 
ican Legion in New Orleans Mr. J. B. Cohen of Great 
Britain presented a number of points on which the 
Veterans have agreed, several of which are of great 
significance. The most important of all is the demand 
that as rapidly as conditions permit, the nations, main- 
taining only the minimum police forces, shall " entirely 
disarm land, sea and air forces and destroy the im- 
plements of warfare." 

Now that resolution isn't going to abolish war and 
war implements. It may not even prevent " the next 
war." But it is very significant nevertheless. It 
shows the direction in which the thought of the world 
is steadily and surely moving. Some day it will arrive. 
And it is within the power of Christian sentiment to 
accelerate the rate of progress. 

In the Service of the Church 

A Meeting of the General Million Board 

Had you been in Elgin, at the office of the General 
Mission Board, during the days preceding the third 
Wednesday of December, which is a regular meeting 
date for the Board, you would have noticed, among 
the many office duties, that all seemed busy and con- 
cerned in assembb'ng the matters of business for the 
attention of the Board. The Acting General Secre- 
tary was listing the items, requiring attention from 
the foreign fields, the Home Secretary was preparing 
reports of conditions in the homeland, pointing out 
places of need, while the Treasurer, too, was prepar- 
ing a careful financial report, showing in detail the 
expenditures for the four months' period since the 
last meeting. Then the typewriters clicked, while they 
ground out some forty closely-crowded typewritten 
sheets of business for the attention of the Board. 
These sheets were mailed several weeks prior to the 
Board meeting date, so that each member had ample 
time carefully to study the matters to be considered. 
A character study of the members of the Board 
would be interesting indeed, but lack of space will not 
permit. All are men who have been of outstanding 
service to the church in the various sections from 
which they come. Each day's session of the meeting 
is opened and closed with prayer. No, the prayers are 
not remarkable for their length, but they bear all the 
earmarks of prayers, offered by men who know God 
— prayers minus needless words and meaningless 
phrases, but with great petitions for the work of the 
church. One can not sit with these members of the 
Board without appreciating their loyalty to God and 
their tremendous interest in helping the church to 
accomplish the divine commission of Christ. 

(Continued on Page 4) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 



The Quiet Hour 


The quiet hour is sweet, 

Here Christ and Christian meet; 

Vain world shut out, 

Face turned about ; 
Blessed reunion, holy communion ! 
In fellowship they greet. 

Before the open Word, 
In presence of his Lord, 

The Christian kneels, 

Contrition feels, 
"Holy Spirit, lead I Now I feel my need I 
With ttfee my thoughts accord," 

His soul is all aglow, 
The Spirit's inward flow 

Has set him right. 

Guilt took its flight, 
Heart singing with joy, naught now can 

'Tis heaven here below. 

Within this sacred place, 
The Savior's smiling face 

Assures his trust ; 

But still he must 
The cross ever cherish, never let perish, 
Faith in the Savior's grace. 

Such thoughts cheer him ever, 
Earth never can sever, 

The Father's love; 

His mercies prove 
Salvation is near, redemption so dear, 
God's blessings fail never. 
Decatur, 111. ■ m ■ 

The Elder and His Church 

1. When Is an Elder Leading a Church? 

An elder, to be a real leader, must be resourceful 
in ideas, plans, visions, and solutions. Leadership, on 
the part of our ministry, is one of the big church 
problems of today. 

An elder is leading a church when he takes the lead, 
or blazes the way. He will bring to the attention of 
the church all such matters as make for progress and 
growth. He takes the initiative. He will qualify him- 
self so as to make himself resourceful in leadership. 
When an elder says to his congregation: "Don't 
you think it is about time for us to have a revival 
meeting? " he is leading his church. He shows to the 
congregation that the time is opportune. He will point 
out the needs, etc. Again, he may, at a regular council, 
or one especially called, say to his people : " Would 
not a Sunday-school Rally, or a Bible Institute be a 
good thing for us to have? What do you think about 
it? " He then continues to inform the members what 
such meetings are, if, perchance, it happens to be a 
new thing. He presents the advantages of such meet- 
ings to the church. In doing all this, he is leading the 

We might continue to name many other things that 
an elder might present to his congregation for consid- 
eration — things that make for progress, such as special 
days, special occasions, special activities — for the old, 
for the young, special lines of service. 

IrT other words, when the elder takes the initiative 
in the aggressive work of the church, he is leading the 
church. He may not be able to think to all points of 
the compass in the work of his leadership. But all the 
while he will be solicitous for the best interests of the 
congregation. He thinks ahead of his people. He will 
frame and mould thought for them. He will acquaint 
them with the needs and remedies of the hour. 

When the church is moving forward because of 
him, the elder is leading the church. When the church 
is experiencing and enjoying all the good, helpful, and 
inspirational things of the day, because of the elder, 
he is leading his church. When the young people's 
problems are being met and solved because of him, the 
elder is leading his church. When the church has the 

fullest acquaintance of, and conformity to the work 
of the Annual Conference because of the elder, he is 
leading his church. When, because of the elder, the 
work of the church is so organized as to serve the 
purpose of her existence, he is leading the church. 
The elder who is leading his church has executive and 
administrative ability which is bearing fruirin efficient 
church work. An elder is leading a church when he 
yields his personal convictions to the convictions 
of the supreme whole — the Conference, and has his 
church following the same. 

2. When Is a Church Leading an Elder? 

This question may seem a bit strange. The question 
refers to those churches that are making some degree 
of progress in spite of the elder and not because of him. 
A church that is standing still is not being led by the 
elder, neither is it leading the elder. There is no lead- 
ing on the part of either. 

A church is leading its elder when it must always 
take the initiative in church activities. For example, 
when some member or members must suggest the 
matter of having a Daily Vacation Bible School to 
the elder, and urge him into bringing the matter before 
the church for consideration, the church is leading the 
elder. When members must say to the elder: " Don't 
you think it would be a good thing for the church to 
have a revival m«eting, or a Bible Institute, or an Old 
Folks' Day," as the case may be, the church is leading 
the elder. In other words, when the congregation 
must bring all matters of church activities to the atten- 
tion of the elder, it is leading the elder. It means 
simply this : The church that is more wide-awake than 
the elder, is leading the elder. Many congregations 
have members in them who are much more resourceful 
in leadership than is the elder. This need not neces- 
sarily reflect on the elder, but in such a case he should 
consult with them. It is gracious to respect the 
heaven-born ideas on the part of the members. 

When the congregation is moving forward in spite 
of the elder, he is being led by the church. The initia- 
tive lies with his people — not with him. The question 
does not imply, neither does it mean, that a church is 
leading an elder when it goes off into worldlyism in 
spite of him. When he does not follow, he is not 
being led. If the church proposes a Bible Institute, 
and he sanctions it, he follows — the church is leading 
him. But when the church goes off on worldly lines, 
in spite of him, there is a lack of proper cooperation, 
a weakness of administration, and a failure, on the 
part of the elder, to function along certain lines. 

It is comforting to know that we can improve our 
leadership. We should try to measure up more nearly 
to 1 Tim. 3: 1-7; Titus 1: 5-9. There are splendid 
books which will help us to qualify. Conventions are 
resourceful ; so, also, are consultations with other 

New Windsor, Md. 

Early Doctrinal Efforts 


In our last article, " Teaching the Doctrine," we 
simply paved the way for saying what will now follow. 
What was it that brought the Church of the Breth- 
ren upon the scene in 1708? There were plenty of 
churches at the time, and some of them were large 
and popular. Furthermore, there were a score of 
small churches — all of them having some excuse for 
existing. But why should Alexander Mack and his 
associates come upon the scene? Why could they not 
have taken membership in some of the other churches 
and have rested contented? Did they have an excuse 
for coming before the world with a different religious 
plea? Let us take a good look at the situation. 

There were just two things that disturbed Alexander 
Mack and his associates. In the other churches they 
did not find the spirit life and vital piety that appealed 
to them. There was much cold formalism, with little 
of the Christ-life. In the second place, practically 
all of the New Testament institutions and church 
ordinances had been dropped. There were over a 
score of churches filled with cold formalism, and 

devoid of the " all things " demanded by the Written 

Under these circumstances, was it worth while to 
set in motion a movement that would restore to the 
church the Christ-life, and all the ordinances, char- 
acteristic of the apostolic church? Most assuredly. 
Here was an excuse for launching the movement that 
made the Church of the Brethren a living reality. 
With a noble purpose in view, the work began, and 
wherever any of the preachers of the movement ap- 
peared, they made known their reasons for coming 
before the public with their New Testament plea. , 
They did not search books on sermon outlines for 
sermon matter. The New Testament was their rule 
of faith and practice, and to this Book they referred 
for what they preached. This made their preaching 
intensely doctrinal. Not only so, but they published 
the reasons for their claims, and everything that has 
come down to us shows how earnestly and intelligently 
they contended for the faith handed down to them in 
the Word of God. 

People flocked to their standard by the score, and 
if the civil authorities had not interfered with their 
work, the Church of the Brethren in Europe would 
soon have been numbered among the large religious 
bodies on the Continent. They had the New Testa- 
ment doctrine, and the people of all classes — educated 
as well as the uneducated — could see it. So far as 
the conditions would permit, their ministers went 
everywhere preaching the doctrine for which the 
church stood, and it was this doctrine that commended 
them and their plea to thinking men and women. 

With this doctrine, or this fine system of doctrine, 
they entered the new world and began planting 
churches. Every preacher understood the doctrine 
and could preach it. Wherever they formed settle- 
ments, they soon gained preeminence in the commu- 
nity. It was their doctrine and their Christ manner of 
life that gave them the influence they possessed. Not 
only so, but they became widely known on account of 
their doctrine. The members, as a rule, spoke of the 
doctrines of .the church as " The faith and practice 
of the Brethren." Their plea was the " whole Gospel," 
and there were very few of them who could not, in 
an argument, defend their claims before the people 
with whom they associated. The preaching of' the 
day not only indoctrinated them, but it enabled each 
one to give a reason for what his church believed and 
practiced. Books among them were few, but they had 
the Bible and knew how to use the Sword of the 
Spirit in support of every religious claim. This was 
true of the sisters as well as of the brethren, 
i Their leaders everywhere were doctrinal preachers, 
preaching more doctrine than anything else. Wher- 
ever these strong preachers located, they built up large 
churches, and, by their manner of preaching, converted 
men and women — heads of families — by the score. 
More of this than any other class were added to the 
church, showing that it is easier to reach mature minds 
with doctrinal discourses than with the emotional 
sermons, so prevalent in most evangelistic efforts of 
the present generation. Of these preachers we might 
name such men as D. P. Sayler, John Kline, B. F. 
Moomaw, Peter Nead, George Wolf, James Quinter, 
R. H. Miller, J. R. Gish and a host of others. 

The first revival preachers to come upon the scene, 
among the Brethren, were intensely doctrinal in their 
methods. In search of pointers for their sermons, 
they read every pamphlet, tract and book they could 
get hold of giving information in support of the faith 
and practice of the Brethren. During a revival meet- 
ing some of these evangelists would treat nearly all 
of the leading doctrines held by the church, and it 
was marvelous how well even some of the younger 
of them could present the dpctrine. Along this line, 
giving the names of some of these evangelists and 
their methods, a whole chapter might be written. 

But their methods proved eminently successful. 
Men and women, young and middle age, along with 
boys and girls, were swept into the church by the score. 
The excitement in many parts of the Brotherhood was 
at times intense. The doctrinal preaching, and the 
strong and earnest appeals for thinking people, to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 

accept the doctrine set forth, often led up to emotional 
efforts that simply stirred whole communities. In 
time this doctrinal phase, in a general way, ran its 
course, and began to be dropped out by a number of 
revival workers, and though some of our evangelists 
still continue the doctrinal teaching, this type of 
preaching is gradually growing unpopular. And to 
the extent that we eliminate this doctrinal feature in 
our revival methods, to that extent will the church 
lose out in her power and influence in the religious 

Most of our early writers were strong on the doc- 
trines of the church. The only writings Alexander 
Mack ever did were along doctrinal lines. This is true 
of John Kline and largely of B. F. Moomaw. At an 
early period Peter Nead wrote and published an able 
work on the doctrines of the church. Few if any 
have excelled James Quinter as a doctrinal writer. 
Most of this was done in the Gospel Visitor, a monthly 
of which he was the principal editor. His writings 
proved wonderfully helpful to our people. Eld. R. H. 
Miller was a strong doctrinal writer for his day, and 
what he wrote helped materially in stabilizing prin- 
ciples. Those who recall the work of Bro. D. L. 
Miller, while he had the editorial management of the 
Messenger in hand, will remember with pleasure the 
amount of writing he did in treating doctrinal ques- 
tions, and other matters relating to church polity. A 
score of other doctrinal writers might be mentioned, 
nearly all of whom have passed into the beyond. 

All of this goes to show that the Church of the 
Brethren, from the start, has been built up and really 
nourished on doctrinal teaching. Doctrinal teaching 
has entered largely into the life of the church in the 
past. We have most earnestly labored to obey " from 
the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered " 
to us, and any attempt at eliminating this doctrinal 
feature means spiritual death, or being swallowed up 
by the larger neighboring churches. 

Scoring, Florida. 

The Duty of the Home Church 

Second Prize Essay, Juniata College 

" Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch 
forth the curtains of thine habitations : spare not, length- 
en thy cords and strengthen thy stakes " (Isa. 54: 2). 

Isaiah, a prophet of God, spoke these words to 
the Children of Israel at a time when God was calling 
his people out of exile. God assured Israel protection 
if they would launch out on his promises and attempt 
to free themselves from the hands of idolatrous Baby- 
lon. Certainly, a small nation, such as Israel, must 
have felt very despondent because of the oppression 
by a great and powerful nation, such as Babylon was 
at that time. 

But God, through the prophet, commands Israel to 
lengthen her cords and to strengthen her stakes. In 
our present-day language it might be said that he 
commanded Israel to free herself from her great op- 
pression, and to extend her possessions as far and as 
rapidly as possible. He assured the Israelites his pro- 
tection if they would attempt the task he had for them 
to do. 

This command was given directly to Israel, but 
they were to think of the words of the prophet in the 
light of their present need. Certainly this suggestion 
beautifully pictures the need of the Christian church 

Surely, it is God's will that the church extend her 
program of Christian service, if she would fulfill the 
noble purpose to which God has called her. And yet, 
there are many places where people have not heard 
of Jesus Christ as their personal Savior. There are 
many peoples in our communities that do not know 
Jesus as their Savior, and there are many people who 
have their names on our church records, who have 
not felt the power of Jesus Christ in their lives. 

These present-day conditions press upon the Chris- 
tian church the need of bringing souls into a personal 
relationship with God. But in thinking of the words 

of the prophet, it must be recognized that to extend 
the program of missionary activity, which certainly 
is the duty of the church, she must build a stronger 
home base. 

People, who have had any experience in pitching 
tents, know that if they would put up a large tent, 
they must have more and stronger tent posts than if 
they would put up a small tent. Is it not equally true 
that if the church would put on an extensive mis- 
sionary program, she would build more and stronger 
churches at home? 

Perhaps the Christian church has failed to accom- 
plish the most that is possible for her to accomplish, 
because she has tried to preach the Gospel to all 
peoples, but has not strengthened her home churches, 
which serve as the tent-posts, and to which the cords 
which are extended must look for support. 

It is the duty of the church to provide the financial 
needs of her missionary enterprise if she would pro- 
mote the Kingdom of God in a manner that will be 
acceptable to him. But does the church not have an 
obligation greater than this? Or is it an obligation 
that is fundamental to meet the financial needs in an 
adequate manner? This obligation is to build a strong 
home church— a church that has for its motto, " Loy- 
alty to Christ," a church that has for its purpose " the 
winning of souls," a church that has not lost her first 
love, as did the church of Ephesus. 

We all remember one statement that is made by 
almost all missionaries each time we hear from them — 
they request that we pray for them. This message 
has been so indelibly impressed upon the minds of the 
people that individuals and churches have rather gen- 
erally responded to this request. Undoubtedly the 
success of the lengthening of our cords — or the extend- 
ing of our missionary program — is due to the power of 
prayer. One of the reasons for this success is, that 
the churches and individuals have done more than 
pray, in a general way, for the success of our mis- 
sionary efforts. They have prayed especially that our 
workers on the foreign fields might be led, by the 
Spirit of God, to do his will and accept his plan for 
their lives. Certainly this is the duty of the church. 
However, if all Christians, who ask God to direct 
the lives of the missionaries on foreign fields, would, 
in like manner and with like confidence, ask God to 
direct the lives of those who stay at home, and 
serve God in the home churches, would not the home 
churches realize a greater power than they have in 
times past? 

The church has done a noble work in all ages, but 
do the Christian professors realize what they owe to 
the church, upon which God is depending to show 
sinners the way to salvation? The church has been 
called and set apart to perform the most noble task 
that any person or group of persons can hope to per- 
form. Surely it is the duty as well as the opportunity 
of all Christians to give their very best efforts to carry- 
ing out the purpose of God, by serving the church as 
they believe God would have them do. 

Are the Christians who stay at home as eager to 
serve the Master as they expect those on the foreign 
field to serve him? Oftentimes they seem to place 
the worth of a soul in India, and other mission fields, 
above the worth of the soul of their next-door neigh- 

Bro. Wilbur B. Stover, missionary, on furlough 
from India, said : " The only hope of the mission 
fields is the strengthening of the home church." If, 
as Isaiah says, the church wants to lengthen her cords 
and reach the lands where men and women have never 
heard of the love of Jesus Christ, and of his saving 
Gospel, she must put up more and stronger tent posts 
at home. 

Certainly, the church should not cease to pray for 
missions. She should not become indifferent to the 
missionary cause. But she should pray with more 
zeal and greater confidence that the Christians in the 
home church may be led by»the Spirit of God to 
strengthen the l\ome church, so that she may be able 
to extend her program of world evangelism. 

Windber, Pa. 

The National Christian Association 

Opposed to Secret Societies 

A FEW words of the history of the reform, preced- 
ing the organization of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation, are in order. 

The excitement caused by the abduction and murder 
of a Mason, who had revealed the secrets of Masonry, 
began in 1826 and continued for nearly twenty years. 
During this time Daniel Webster, Edward Everett, 
John Quincy Adams, John Marshall, William Wirt, 
William H. Seward, Millard Fillmore, Richard Rush, 
Thaddeus Stevens, Thurlow Weed, and many other 
leading men, condemned the secret lodges, called Ma- 
sonic, in the strongest language which men can use. 
A deep distrust and a settled hatred of secretism took 
possession of the inhabitants of the non-slaveholding 
States. They had seen an offending citizen abducted 
and murdered by the Freemasons of Western New 
York. They saw the fraternity at large protect and 
honor the murderers. They banished the order from 
their midst. 

As time went on, those who knew of this outrage 
became fewer in number. The edge of popular hate 
was dulled by time. This enemy to humanity and 
religion seemed lifeless, and Christians do not prose- 
cute the dead. From these causes and others, Free- 
masonry found a place and a time in which to renew 
its work. It made its second start under favorable 
circumstances. Prominent Masons, while the order 
was under ban, had entered the Odd-Fellows and the 
secret temperance orders. Mechanics' unions of a 
secret character had sprung up, and when Masonry 
began to revive, it was buttressed all around by these 
other secret orders. Camp lodges during the Civil 
War saw multitudes of young men initiated into Ma- 
sonry. They were assured that falling into the enemy's 
hands the grip and sign would secure favors. Masons 
were quite fast filling the offices of the State. Solemn 
Masonic ceremonies were drawing men away from the 
churches of Christ. The Jesuits on the one hand, the 
Masonic organizations on the other, controlled by bad 
men and supported, at least, by the names of some who 
were good, advanced in parallel lines to disintegrate 
that Christian church which is the bulwark of our 
liberties, and to capture, by secrecy and skill, the 
government under which we live. 

When the smoke of battles had cleared from our 
reunited country, our fathers asked : " What shall be 
done in view of the secretism that has come upon the 
land like a flood? " From our Free Methodist breth- 
ren, I believe, came the suggestion of a non-sectarian, 
interdenominational and national Christian associa- 
tion, which should furnish a rallying point for all 
denominations and all Christians who had come to 
understand and recognize these foes of our civil and 
religious liberties — foes which had come upon us while 
the nation was in its death grapple with slavery. At 
such a time certain Christian men called a convention 
to meet in the City Hall, Aurora, 111., in October, 1867. 
The attendance was large and enthusiastic. President 
Jonathan Blanchard was made chairman and delivered 
the principal address. Speeches of power were also 
made by Rev. I. A. Hart, a seceding Mason, and 
others. As a result of this convention, a National 
Meeting was held at Pittsburgh, Pa., in May of 1868, 
and representatives of seventeen denominations were 
enrolled. At this time " The National Association of 
Christians Opposed to Secret Societies " was formed 
as a non-sectarian association, which would furnish a 
" rallying point " for all Christians who had come to 
understand and recognize this great anti-Christ of our 

Until the year 1874, the Association had no legal 
existence. It was at that time incorporated as the 
National Christian Association — articles having been 
filed with the State Secretary of Illinois and a Certif- 
icate of Incorporation issued. Hon. Philo Carpenter, 
of Chicago, one of the prime movers in this opposition 
to the lodge, and who at that time had given more 
money to aid in the work than any other man, offered 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 

In the Service of the Church 

(Continued from First Page) 

A forty-page list of business indicates far too much 
to record all of it here, but we report such facts as 
are of greatest interest to the Brotherhood. 

The matter of missionary training— just how much, 
what kind, and in what schools such should be secured 
—was discussed, with the decision that, in general, 
training beyond an A. B. degree, which is the com- 
pletion of a regular college course, would not be 
required of missionaries for their first term of service, 
providing sufficient Bible study was included in their 
training. After the missionary has served one term 
on the field, which is spent largely in learning the 
language, sufficient time will be allowed for specializa- 
tion along the lines of need in the mission for which 
the worker is best fitted. This, of course, would not 
apply to such workers as doctors and nurses. It is 
also the recommendation of the Board that students 
secure their training, whenever possible, in our own 
church schools. The Board discussed the question of 
conducting a short summer training school for out- 
going missionaries, which would be in charge of the 
best and most faithful leaders in the church, to help 
outgoing workers understand the mother love, ideals 
and good wishes of the church appointing and sup- 
porting them in the great cause. 

Financial assistance was granted to five Districts 
that have needs greater than their ability to care for 
the work established. A number of faithful ministers, 
whose lives were spent in the service of the church, 
and who are now left without means of support, were 
placed on the ministerial support list. 

Brother Early gave a good report of the progress of 
the Greene County Industrial School. The new school 
building, with dormitory, is completed and has been 
dedicated. Brother and Sister Amsey Bollinger have 
been located there to take charge of the school. Sister 
Nelie, Wampler feels quite happy that the work has 
been given such splendid help. Our Home Secretary 
reports the establishment of Bro. W. J. Horner 
and wife at the Fort Worth, Texas, church, and 
Brother and Sister E. R. Fisher at Broadwater, Mo. 
The splendid work done by the ten summer pastors, 
last summer, in bringing 107 new members into the 
church, besides all the pastoral work done, caused the 
Board to feel it a good investment, and to approve a 
budget of $2,500 for a similar work during this com- 
ing summer. 

A number of applications for missionary service 
in Africa, India and Denmark were before the Board. 
Five workers were definitely approved, while several 
other applications were deferred to the next meeting 
for final consideration. 

Missionary furloughs for workers in China, for 
1924, were granted to Brethren Frank Crumpacker, 
Samuel Bowman, and their families, and to Sisters 
Mary Schaeffer and Myrtle Pollock. 

Requests for new workers, in both India and China, 
were given attention, and a call for five new workers 
for China, and nine for India, was approved. During 
the past three years more workers in India have been 
returned from service, because of ill-health and other 
reasons, than have been sent. This means a heavy 
burden on those who remain. It seems that the cli- 
mate in India is especially trying on the physical 
resources of white folks. 

Bro. Yoder reported that Mr. Crawford, at Mom- 
basa, Africa, has had a splendid cement base placed 
over the grave of our beloved Bro. Williams. As a 
token of appreciation, for the service which Brother 
Williams rendered, the expense of this work will be 
paid from the funds of the church. 

The regular routine of the Board's work was in- 
terrupted in a delightful way by a box of delicious 
nuts, sent from China by Sisters Grace Clapper and 
Mary Schaeffer. 

The Board appreciates the splendid cooperation 
that is being received in the missionary work of the 
church. Your prayers have helped to do what could 
not have been accomplished by your money alone. 
The response of the Brotherhood to the Board's 
Thanksgiving call amounts to over $16,000 — the 

amount received up to the close of December. The 
last decade has been a significant one in the mis- 
sionary history of the church — the way ahead is not 
always clear, and certainly it is not easy. Yet, on 
bended knees, with assurance from Christ, our Leader, 
and a trust in the devotion and seriousness of the 
church, it is the plan of the Board to go forward in 
the evangelization of our fellow-men, helping them 
to grow into the likeness of Christ. h. s. m. 

Every Church Member a Gospel Messenger 

Selected by Wealthy A. Burkholdcr, Shirleysburg, Pa. 

Nothing is clearer in Scriptural teaching than that 
the conversion of the world is in the hands of men, 
to hasten or retard. The world will never be con- 
verted except by the activity of devoted Christians. 
We do not, of course, underestimate the divine 
power necessary to salvation; but we must not ex- 
pect it to act without the help of the human element. 
When the young- English Baptist preacher wanted 
to go to- India to preach to the heathen, he was 
rebuked by the moderator of the meeting: "Sit 
down, young -man, sit down. When God wants the 
heathen converted he will convert them without 
your help or mine." The incident, trifling in itself, 
is remembered across the gap of a century or more 
as an illustration of the wrong idea as to God's plan 
of saving the world. Our highest wisdom is satis- 
fied by Paul's statement that it " pleased God by the 
foolishness of preaching to save men." 

It is quite possible, however, to have a thorough 
understanding of God's plan and purpose, and yet 
not adjust our lives to them. The church of today 
seems to have no very definite plan of campaign for 
the conversion and ingathering of men, women and 
children. The old methods have been largely dis- 
carded as obsolete; but if there are new methods 
they are not being systematically worked. The 
bringing in of new converts is left, one might. say, 
to God, or to chance, or to the pastor — the church 
showing its willingness to receive, but not going 
out into the highways and hedges " to compel them 
to come in." 

Paul's conversion is sometimes called miraculous, 
but was it? The call was miraculous; but was it 
not Ananias who led him into the Kingdom? It 
was the preaching of Philip, the deacon, who made a 
convert of Queen Candace's treasurer, and Andrew's 
words to Simon Peter, and Philip's summons to 
Nathanael that brought them to Christ. What was 
it that awakened the Philippian jailer? The miracle 
in the jail at midnight? It was that, probably, which 
brought him to a decision. But he had doubtless 
heard what had been going on in Philippi — the con- 
version of the damsel possessing the spirit of divin- 
ation — and he had been told of the effects of the 
preaching of Paul and Silas. He saw for himself 
what manner of men his prisoners were and begged 
them to tell him what to do to be saved. 

How many concerts have told of their desire 
that some one should ask them to become Chris- 
tians, and how they wondered that nobody seemed 
to think it was necessary. It is personal contact — 
personal entreaty — that many are waiting for, and 
waiting for in vain. Why do they wait for an invi- 
tation if they are persuaded they ought to ally 
themselves with the church? Because the tempta- 
tions to delay are stronger than the inclinations to 
yield. Moreover, there is almost always some par- 
ticular hindrance which needs to be removed by ex- 
planation and advice. The church is an exclusive in- 
stitution and outsiders often hesitate to offer them- 
selves, feeling that they are unworthy. They wish 
to be assured of a welcome. 

Personal influence counts for so much in all other 
walks of life — in politics, education, society, busi- 
ness, clubs, associations — it is strange that members 
of the church do not make more use of it in enlarg- 
ing the company of believers. It is a sad. source of 
weakness to the church that so few members are 
workers. All could be, all ought to be, but so many 
leave this duty to others and nbbody may feel 
specially called to it. Suppose Andrew had hesi- 
tated to go to his brother, thinking it better that 

somebody not related to him should approach him. 
Peter might have been left out of the company of 
the disciples and the church of all ages would have 
been the poorer. It was 1 a personal act fraught with" 
great consequences, and if Andrew had had less 
courage, less conviction, less love for the Master 
and for his brother, the greatest of the Master's 
disciples might have remained in obscurity. We see 
the deed in the light of its great results to the Chris- 
tian church. But was it not a duty, an opportunity, 
which called for prompt action, regardless of the 
personal importance of the man in God's plan for 
his church? 

Peter, the disciple and the apostle, was very hu- 
man — impulsive, impetuous, courageous, with mo- 
ments of shrinking fear — yet he finished his course 
triumphantly as a martyr. The legend speaks of his 
flying from Rome, in a moment of weakness, to 
escape the fate of the Master. On his way, he 
meets the Christ and asks him: " Quo vadis? " 
(Where goest thou?) " To Rome," is the reply, " to 
be crucified again." Immediately, the apostle is 
himself again, and beseeches the Vision to allow 
him to go in his stead, and goes back to Rome to die 
gladly the death he had sought to shun. 

What is resignation? It is putting God between 
one's self and one's grief. 


' Wr 

what thou : 

nd it unto the churches " 


Two successful conferences for young people were held 
in the District of Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey 
and Eastern New York, as promoted by the Sunday 
School Association of the District. 

One, comprising the northern group of schools, was 
held in the Royersford church Dec. 12. Field Director H. 
Vernon Slawter presided. The devotional exercises were 
conducted by the following young people, representing 
various churches of the group: John Schlegel, Charles 
Arey, Lottie Bowden. President Foster B. Statler spoke 
on "The Four-fold Development," and Sister Esther 
Swigart on " The Problems of Young People." The 
assembly numbered 144 young people. Local leaders were 
appointed as follows: Coventry, Rudolph Kulp ; Parker- 
ford, Clifford Steinruck; Pottstown, John Schlegel; Green- 
tree, Clara Hallman ; Royersford, Helen Gotschall. 

The meeting of the Philadelphia group took place at 
the Germantown church Dec. 15. Bro. H. S. Replogle, 
vice-president of the organization, presided. The number 
present was 177. The devotional period was conducted 
by Raymond Morris, Frances Kurtz and Edgar Grater. 
Representative leaders were appointed here also, as fol- 
lows: First Philadelphia, Russell Esray ; Geiger Menforial, 
Margaret Kuns ; Bethany, John Gotwals ; Germantown, 
Raymond Morris ; Norristown, Edgar Grater ; Wilming- 
ton, Mary K. Speicher. 

Two more group conferences are to be held in the 
District next May, in accordance with the unanimous wish 
of the young people, and a five-day All-District Camp 
Conference in June. W. G. Nyce. 

Pottstown, Pa. 


Sunday, Dec. 17, 1 spent with Major Odom and others 
at the big farm. I was. to give a talk to the boys and 
girls in the United States School, as we love to call it. 
Already the word had gone through the barracks that a 
number were to receive their pardon as a Christmas gift. 
I believe every inmate was present, except the sick and 
the guards. Nearly 500 had turned out, and an anxious 
bunch they were. After the Sunday-school and our talk, 
the superintendent addressed them tenderly — much as 
though they were his family. Then he announced the 
names of those who were to receive pardons. Some of 
these had served their full time. Possibly 150 or 200, at 
some time, had applied for pardon. Out of this number 
twenty-two were set free — nine white men, eleven colored 
men and two colored girls. 

Did you ever witness such a service? I wished that 
every citizen of Florida might have been present. My 
imagination pictured the scene of the judgment day. 
There will only be two classes there — the pardoned ones 
and those not pardoned. "There is pardon at the cross 
where the Savior died," for every one. As the names of 
the pardoned ones were read, they came to the front and 
formed a line. Then deathly stillness prevailed and each 
wondered: "Shall I be next? " Oh, how many were dis- 
appointed in their hopes— having to remain under the 
power of law, to pay their own penalty, to bear their 
own stripes! Is that what Jesus means by his words, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 

" These shall go away into eternal punishment " ? Your 
heart would have to be very hard if the tears would not 
come unbidden. 

Then the fatherly superintendent said to each one: 
"How long were you in this school?" The longest was 
an aged colored man — eleven years and six months— a life- 
timer, who was pardoned. The superintendent admon- 
ished them to be good citizens and said that "out of the 
many thousands who had been pardoned since 1885, fewer 
than 100 had returned to prison. Fewer than twenty- 
five of such are in the prisons of Florida now." Every 
one of the twenty-two pardoned responded to the super- 
intendent in few or many words; but this they all said: 
" In all the years we have been here we have not had a 
harsh word from our superintendent." Elders, what can 
your flock say of you? J. E. Young. 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 

inseparable. Every doctrine requires the assent of faith, Lord Jesus Christ and the Hnlv Snirlt n t r.H Tt, 
upon our par,, a „ d ^ Ms duty. F ai th is adoctrine. ^LJ^^^l^^ Z il^cC 
Chanty is a doctrine. The whole of God. 

Hope is a doctrine 

Gospel is the doctrine of God, revealed unto us by the Lakeside, Mo. 

J. L. Switzer. 

The Forward Movement Department 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Director 


C. H. SHAMBERCER, Assistant 


John L. Snavely was born at Hudson, 111., and died at 
his home in Alvo, Nebr., Dec. 11, 1922, aged seventy-three 
years, one month and twenty-seven days. He was born 
into a Christian home, where he learned of the Christ and 
his teachings. In his youth he gave his heart to God. 

Jan. 1, 1870, he married Hannah Lyon. There were 
three sons and a daughter. One son died a few years 
ago. In 1885 they moved to Nebraska. 

Having been chosen of God, through the Hudson church, 
to preach the Gospel, he became quite active, his new field 
of labor being on the frontier. His faithful companion 
shared the labors of increased home duties while he was 
traveling over the sparsely settled country, declaring the 
good news of salvation. Probably we fail many times to 
appreciate the work of the pioneer preacher, who has 
been instrumental in planting churches and holding up 
the banner of our King. 

About twenty-five years ago he retired from the farm, 
but still continued in the ministry until failing health 
prevented further activity. • 

He is survived by his wife, two sons, one daughter, two 
brothers and nine grandchildren. Services in the Alvo 
church by the writer, assisted by Bro. J. R. Smith. 

Alvo, Nebr. ^^ M. E. Stair. 


A community church building is . being erected here. 
The building committee has laid down the iron-clad rule 
that "no doctrine will be allowed to be preached in it." 
How is that for something new in modern church work? 
It is •to be a "community church" that all professing 
Christians may use "provided they do not preach doc- 

I am reminded of the sane counsel of Eld. Stephen Yo- 
der, long years ago. He said: "Brother James, as long as 
you preach the love of God to- the people, they will hear 
you. But when you preach the duties of men to their 
God, they will dismiss you as Felix dismissed Paul." So 
I have often found it. 

There is something almost severely candid, however, in 
this committee's preliminary platform. The platform was 
laid before the foundation of the house: "No doctrine 
here." They do not say false doctrine; but ALL doctrine 
—good, bad or indifferent— must be cut out. This, I under- 
stand, is the purport of the undertaking. 

The Savior would have to pass by. There would be 'no 
chance for the people to be astonished at his doctrine— 
not in this church. Those 3,000 converts at Jerusalem 
would find no welcome, for they "continued stedfastly 
in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship." The apostles, 
of course, could find no admission, because they were 
guilty of filling all -Jerusalem with the Savior's doctrine. 

Paul could not enter this new "community church," for 
he has the unfortunate record of astonishing Sergius 
Paulus, and converting him with the doctrine of the Lord 
Jesus. And then, again, he was guilty of thanking the 
Lord that his Roman brethren had "obeyed from the 
heart the Savior's form of doctrine, that he had "delivered 
unto them." Then, again,' he charged Timothy to teach 
no other doctrine, and to give attendance to reading and 
to doctrine; also to himself and to the doctrine. He did 
not want the name of God and his doctrine to be blas- 

Certainly Paul, Timothy, Titus and Peter would find no 
admittance into this "community church." For they gave 
ready assent to the doctrine that all Scripture is given 
by inspiration of God; that it is profitable for doctrine, 
for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteous- 
ness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly 
furnished unto all good works. 

The apostle John thought and taught that whosoever 
abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. But 
he that abideth in the doctrine of Christ hath both the 
Father and the Son. John, you will have to pass by. 

Jesus said: "My doctrine is the doctrine of him that 
sent me." On that point the "community church" gives 
timely notice that neither the Father nor the Son has 
any business there! Can you conceive of anything equal 
_ to that? What a platform! What a foundation ! Father, 
forgive them— they know not what they do I 
In our relation to God, doctrine and duty are one and 

Albert D. Hcl«r 

H. Stover Kulp 

B. A., M. A. 



m. a., f. r. c. s. CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN E1 s^ <"•■ u s - a. 

Sec'y-Treas. African Address 

c/o C. M. S. House 

Lagos, West Africa 

151 Highbury New Park 
London, N. 5 

My dear Brother Bonsack: Deo ' 7 '■ 1922 

Your kind letter came as a great blessing to us. We rejoice in the 
fellowship that we can share at the feet of Christ. We often pray that God 
may use you and the Board as holy prophets with vision and faith. We 
pray for prophets who will put their minds, their bodies, and all their 
dollars on the altar of Christ. We plead for men who will not magnify 
financial depression but who will claim greater sacrifice from those 
who profess to follow in his footsteps. Our members are spending for 
other things just like the world. We need with our fathers to call our 
people to be a separate people because Christ is given first place in 
every consideration. Too many of our people are conforming to the world 
in everything but dress. God has called you, my beloved brethren, to 
the mighty task of making the voice of Christ heard in every heart' in the 
Church of the Brethren. We love you, brethren, and we will share this 
task with you so long as he gives us life. 

Through the days here God has given us new evidences of his 
willingness to use your servants. On board the Aquitania, coming over, 
he gave Brother Kulp and me both the joy of witnessing publicly to his 
pardon and power to those who will believe. Most of the time here our 
Sundays have been spent in waiting in the presence of some of London's 
great men of God. Last Sunday morning he gave me the joy of addressing 
a very attentive audience at the well-known Britannia Row Mission 

We have chosen Messrs. W. J. Allison & Co., 9, Farringdon Road 
E. C. 1, as our London agents for the present. Every business 
relationship has been tempered by the love of Christ. Brother Kulp as 
treasurer has done his work especially well. 

Our relationship with the Committee of Reference and Counsel, 
with the International Missionary Council, with the Church Missionary 
Society, with the Sudan United Mission and with many individuals, proves 
to us that the Father has been preparing the way. We only ask him to know 
the next step ahead. Mr. Oldham of the I. M. C. is in India now but he 
had left for us a splendid letter of introduction to Sir Hugh Clifford 
the Governor-General of Nigeria. The contacts formed here last year 
are bearing much fruit now. I am making every effort to help Brother 
Kulp form these acquaintances and enter into these advantages because 
he may need to use them in the future. 

Your name is often mentioned when I talk to Christ and I am sure 
your prayers are being answered on our behalf. When you receive this 
letter the day may'be dark and we may be far from home, but we will not 
be far from the strong Son of God. 

Faithfully yours for the Church of the Brethren in Africa, 

A. D. Helser. 

The above facsimile copy of a recent personal letter from Bro. Helser was not intended for publication in anv 
way, but since it refers to the opening of the mission in Africa, in which all are interested, and gives the attitude of 
mind of those sent in that work, we felt that the church would share it witb appreciation. 

From the Mail Bag 

" Send tithing account books to Miss Grace 
Mullinix, Peru, Indiana." There were sixteen tithing 
enrollment cards from the young people's group of 
the Peru congregation. 

" I am giving A series of sermons on stewardship 
and tithing and other subjects relative to these and 
I would like you to send me literature on these two 
subjects." — From a California Pastor. • 

"Just now i want to stress stewardship. Sev- 
eral have decided to tithe during the coming year. 
. . . Send me twenty-five copies of ' How to Tithe 
and Why.' ... I can use any other tracts or 
leaflets you have along the line of stewardship and 
tithing." — An Iowa Pastor. 

"Please send me any material you have for dis- 
tribution on tithing. . . . What are the best books 
on this subject? ... Am hoping to place much 
emphasis upon Christian finance this year."— An Illi- 
nois Pastor. , » , 

Much Yet to Be Done 

Up to December 1, $133,663.45 had been received 
for the work of all of the General Boards and Com- 
mittees. Since then the amount has been increased 
by the regular giving and special Thanksgiving offer- 
ings. At that time there were unpaid pledges amount- 
ing to $31,186.55. The fiscal year closes February 
28, 1923. Amid all the worthy calls for our financial 
support, we must not overlook the necessity of con- 
tributing for the general work of the church. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


The Bank of Heaven 


The following story is told by a member of the 
" Flying Squadron," the organization which is doing 
so much for the prohibition cause throughout the 

At every meeting, conducted by these workers, en- 
velopes are passed, in which are blank checks for the 
use of contributors who do not have at hand the cash 
they wish to contribute. On one of these checks a 
hand, trembling with age and weakness, had written: 
" My money is all in the bank of Heaven, so I can 
not fill in this check for the amount I long to give 
toward your work. But if earnest prayer can accom- 
plish anything, this check represents all of my wealth. 
T gladly check out all of my deposit to be turned over 
to you." 

Strange to say, the man who opened the envelope 
was not disappointed nor did he belittle the value of 
the check. He believed that, in every godly cause, 
there is a spiritual wealth which far transcends the 
wealth of dollars and cents. He believed that checks 
like this one are of more worth to the cause than those 
which order the payment of money from a material 

It is sometimes said that faith in prayer, as an 
agency for accomplishing good, is not as common as 
it once was. But there may be a difference in the 
conception of prayer. If we regard it as something 
more than a personal request for favors at the hand 
of God, we may still believe that the faith survives. 
When we can consider prayer as a power in the hand 
of the individual, for releasing spiritual wealth and 
applying it to the furtherance of the cause we espouse, 
then, perhaps, our prayers may become more effectual. 
Then will each draft on this spiritual bank be like the 
signed check — an order on the bank of Heaven which 
will be more valuable than the check which represents 
only dollars and cents. 

Emporia, Katts. 

The Second Mile 

" Whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with 
him twain" (Matt. 5: 41). 

Whatever God requests us to do, is for our good 
and for the enlarging and strengthening of our God- 
given faculties. God does not command us to do 
impossible things. When he commands, we are to 
obey, and he will enable us to succeed. When people 
take advantage of us, and make us do more than our 
share, we should not complain or find fault, but show 
a willingness to do more than they ask. The natural 
disposition is to resent being imposed on, or being 
asked to do more than we think is our share. If any- 
thing goes wrong we are naturally inclined to "get 
even" with the other fellow; but if we have a new 
heart — if we have been inwardly changed — we will 
have no desire to get even. We will be like our Master 
who, when he was reviled, reviled not again ; when he 
was mocked and shamefully treated, answered not a 
word. By so doing we show that we have really 
" passed from death unto life," and have become " new 
creatures in Christ Jesus." 

If we show a spirit of spite and retaliation, we bring 
reproach on the name of the One whose name every 
Christian bears and whose teachings we profess to 
follow. We should always manifest the love that 
" beareth all things, that thinketh no evil, that suffereth 
long and is kind." We must remember that, in order 
to go the second mile, we must be given Divine 
Strength, and that love that comes from the great lov- 
ing heart of the tender All-Father. 

The natural heart can not do unnatural things, but 
we, who have accepted Christ in the regeneration, 
must keep ourselves pure and undefiled from the sinful 
pleasures of the world, that our bodies may be fit 
temples for the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, to con- 

trol and strengthen us in every detail of our lives. 
Then we are able to measure up to the command, " Be 
ye perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect." 
Jesus' teachings hold before us high standards, and 
obedience to these standards will mean the uplifting 
and beautifying of our lives, so that we may adorn 
our profession. 
Ashland, Ohio. 

If There Were No Hereafter 


A lady remarked, while speaking to another, one 
day: "Even if there were no hereafter, I would 
rather spend my life among Christian people, in this 
life, than among non-Christian people." Even people 
who claim to be unbelievers, are not willing to live 
in non-Christian communities, and raise their families 
in such places. I have never seen the man who was 
hunting a community where he thought no Christians 

I once heard a Sunday-school teacher say that if 
he wanted to find a Christian home, he would not 
know which way to go, or where to find one. If he 
moved into a community where there were no Chris- 
tian homes, he would soon know which way to go. 

We should be thankful that we live in a Christian 
country — that we have Christian homes and associates. 
Just so the Israelites would forget their blessings that 
the true God was giving them and fall into sin. We 
should appreciate our Christian neighbors, our Chris- 
tian associates, and also the fact that the rulers of our 
land believe in God. 

Midland, Va. , ^ , 

"To Them Which Are Called" 


To be among the " called," whether Jew or Greek, 
is, after all, the greatest of all good things. 

Did we excel in all worldly wisdom, and we're the 
preaching of the cross as foolishness to us, how sad 
would be our condition ! We are called and we know 
the power of our God. We are saved, and we know 
the value of the cross. Yea, the very weakness of our 
God is stronger than the wisdom of men. 

What does Paul mean when he says : " Not many 
wise, not many mighty, not many noble are called " ? 
The tendency of the renowned is so often towards 
egotism and self-esteem. The spirit of "mine own 
hand hath gotten me this," is not compatible with the 
spirit of utter self-abnegation of the lowly Nazarene. 
" He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord," is sel- 
dom true of our more noted and illustrious people, 
though it could be, and what beautiful results follow 
whenever it is ! 

We must not infer that the " call " is only made 
to certain ones. It is universal — " whosoever will may 
come " — but those originally " called," in this in- 
stance, presupposes a definite response on the part of 
the individuals called. 

Praise God for the wisdom which could contrive 
the redemption of man, and for the grace which could 
make it understood ! How supremely wonderful to 
be among the God-called ! Anything short of that, 
which has a bearing on this blessed state, is foolishness 
indeed ! 

Goshen, hid. 

A Horizontal Position 


In a recent book, by Dr. J. H. Jowett, he tells of 
visiting a friend who had long been sick. When Dr. 
Jowett offered his sympathy, the man said, " Things 
look ^ very different when seen from the horizontal 
position." This man had evidently had time for medi- 
tation, and probably things had looked very different 
to him, as he surveyed them in a more detached way 
than was possible to him when he was in perfect 

One of the hardest things to do, in our modern 
life, is to make way for a reasonable amount of 
meditation. There was a time when this was thought 

to apply only to certain professions. Nowadays it 
is true of practically all vocations. Modern life makes 
heavy demands upon people, and the pace is very 
much more strenuous than it was with our fathers. 

A great many books have been written, urging young 
people to put their best into their business and to have 
high ambitions. The gospel of hard work has been 
preached so persistently that it has been altogether 
overdone. This is no plea for laziness but a plain 
statement of the fact as we see it. There are thou- 
sands of men and women who apply themselves so 
closely to the achievement of success, that they have 
no time for anything else. It is said that men who 
work in dye factories have their hands so continually 
among the dyes, that they never quite recover their 
natural color again. That seems to us a very good 
illustration of what goes on in the lives of busy peo- 
ple. They think so continuously of buying and selling, 
that, after a while, their very souls seem to be in 
the market place. Perhaps it would be a good thing 
for such people if they had to spend some time in 
"a horizontal position." 

Toronto, Can. 

Better Than Ourselves 


I came across an interesting paragraph in my read- 
ing, not long ago. It was the epitaph of the late 
Andrew Carnegie, the philanthropist, and it was 
penned by, the man himself and^ placed on his stone 
in Sleepy Hollow cemetery, where he is buried. 

Here it is : " Here lies a man who knew how to 
enlist in his service better men than himself." 

How many of us are willing to acknowledge that 
the men or women we employ are better than our- 
selves ? 

And yet Christ himself said: "Let each esteem 
other better than themselves." 

As a boy Carnegie had a hard struggle with "cir- 
cumstances, but he conquered the obstacles in his path 
and was glad to give some of the credit, for his suc- 
cessful life, to those who, he felt, were better than 
he himself, their master. 

Shall we try " to esteem other better than our- 
selves " ? 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

What the World Calls Success 


That intangible something that worldly ambition 
strives after, yearns for, for which men trade their 
lives — for which they would rather die than not to 
attain it — what is it? They call it success, and many 
make it their god, but a paltry thing it is after all. 

Why should the spectre of failure haunt the heart 
and stamp crowsfeet on the brow? There are many 
things to be feared rather than failure. The goals 
we have set for ourselves seem so momentous, but 
what authority has said they must be attained? But 
perhaps we are struggling in some great cause that is 
not making the progress its merits deserve. Let us 
not despair; many a great man has given his life for 
a cause that failed, or seemed to fail, yet we do not 
call him a failure. And in one form or another, the 
principles for which he strove are alive and thriving 

O, that the world would stop to meditate on the 
things that are better than success ! Whether we have 
gained the very ends for which we started may not 
matter very much. But to look back and recall no 
cowardly fear, no unjust advantage taken, no principle 
compromised, no unworthy methods. that will not stand 
the test — this is worth something indeed. 

Again, to be assured that we have stood up under 
the strain, have not become sour and crabbed nor 
cynical and cold — this also is worth more than to 
win. For thus to make our characters more like the 
Blessed One who formed us in the beginning like him- 
self, must be the greatest honor to him, and in the" 
end the greatest success. 

Portland, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 



A Guest's Welcome 

[These significant lines— suitably engrossed on a piece of card- 
board, and neatly framed— will make a very acceptable addition to 
the guest-room of any home.] 

Kind friend, you've come into a home 

That God has built and blessed; 

You're welcome here; put off restraint, 

And take a home-like rest. 

The comforts that are ours, are yours; 

Do as you'd do at home, 

Choose your retiring and rising hours, 

And the time you go and come. 

We make but one request of you 

Where'er you stay or roam: 

" Do love and serve the God who gave 

To us and you this home." 

. » . — Selected. 

" 'Twill Shelter Thee " 


The little brown house stood by the hillside. Old 
and weather-beaten — as austere as life used to be — it 
was a delight to Barbara, for she felt called to do a 
special work. She needed this old house to carry out 
her plans. She bought it and moved into it. She 
could easily drive to the city in an hour, so she drove 
back and forth in the summer. 

Barbara had been watching the struggle which the 
wage-earner has to meet in some cases. The eternal 
economy, the narrowness of their pleasures, the heavy 
hand of worry, which lay upon them, troubled her. 
She saw girls who seemed to turn into industrial 
machines, and whir around a monotonous track. 
Their life ran by a schedule — no wonder they were 
sick, and failed, in some way, to make good. Barbara 
decided to help the girl or woman who was breaking 
down. She was going to take her home with her, to 
the little brown house, and let her call it " home " for 
awhile at least. 

The house needed repairs. But before they were 
made, she had to bring Lissa with her. Lissa had 
been going from one place to another for a year. It 
was not her fault, yet she was losing courage. Then 
she became private secretary of a man of affairs. He 
was old and hard to please. Lissa wrote and rewrote 
his letters, patiently. Barbara came to her one evening 
with this invitation : " Go home with me tomorrow 
night. You shall' do whatever you want to, just as 
you do in your room." 

The next evening the little coupe waited for- Lissa, 
and she got in with Barbara. 

When they came to her home, Barbara told her to 
go where she pleased: " If you like to cook, there is 
the kitchen. There are the woods also!" 

Lissa drank a glass of milk and ate a sandwich. 
Then she announced her intention of going to the 
woods. She went forthwith and remained. Until the 
sun went down and the short twilight fell, she exulted 
in her freedom. Then she came in, tired and hungry. 
" How did you ever think of doing this for me? I 
had forgotten what the world was like." 

"You like it then? Will you come with me when- 
ever you can? This is your home as long as you 
need it." 

"Will I come with you?" 

That question was enough. She had no words to 
.express her appreciation for what Barbara was giving 
her. She ate and enjoyed her meals. She soon gained 
in weight. She slept at nights and her work was 
satisfactory to her employer. All summer she came 
home with Barbara. " And I used to be so weak 
through the hot weather! Now I feel as if I should 
never be tired again." Barbara rejoiced with her. 

The old house was being made over. A partition 
was torn out. A big fireplace was built near the stair- 
way. The plumbers were installing a furnace and a 
bathroom. The walls were cream colored, a dainty 
background for her few Maxwell Parrish pictures, 
which were her especial delight. How she enjoyed 
the putting down of rugs and the placing of her furni- 
ture! But the outside she would not touch. The 
painter argued in vain for a coat of paint. 

" I want it just as it is, brown and weathered and 
friendly," declared Barbara. 

To herself she said: "If the Son of man had not 
where to lay his head, he must have an especially ten- 
der care for his homeless children." She wanted this 
to be a shelter from the storm for the homeless and 

The very next week, a juvenile court officer asked 
her to come and hear a case. As they were dear 
friends, Barbara sometimes went to see what could 
be done for the children there. She accepted the invi- 
tation. She saw there Nelly Simpson, aged fourteen, 
accused of stealing fifty dollars. Nelly had on an 
old blue, wrinkled dress. She wore a jaunty tam-'o- 
shanter on the side of her head. She had old shoes 
and cotton stockings on her feet. Barbara noticed the 
blunt fingers of the factory girl, the look of a trapped 
animal in her eyes, and pitied her. Barbara's friend 
said : " Come into the next room, Nelly, and we'll 
talk it over together." 

Sad and sordid was her story. She faltered some- 
times in the telling, but she was not a sneak. She was 
owning up to her theft. She took the fifty dollars, 
hoping, somehow, to go to a business school. She had 
been one of the best pupils in the sixth grade. Then 
her mother made her go to work. At home they made 
fun of her for wanting to keep her clothes clean. The 
boarders in the house sneered at her for being " tony," 
when she had a book. " Sometimes I can't hardly eat 
it's so dirty at home," she concluded tearfully. 

Barbara was thinking of the time when Jesus found 
that his friends were deserting him. He looked at the 
twelve and said: "Will ye also go away?" She felt 
as if he were asking her to stand by this girl. She 
must go to the Girls' Refuge or a Detention School, 
unless some other home was provided for her. So 
Barbara took her. The house by the hillside sheltered 
her until she was able to hold a good position as 

Barbara could say, 

"But still I rejoice when the travelers rejoice 
And weep with the strangers that mourn, 
Nor live in my house, by the side of the road, 
Like a man who dwells alone." 

The oppression of the poor, the sighing of the needy 
moved the heart of Barbara. She became " a strength 
to the poor, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from 
the heat." 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

How May a Small Salary Ruin a Girl's 


Dear readers : Many of us, perhaps, have thought 
of this problem, but still we are not willing to help 
poor girls to lead a clean, pure life. When, however, 
a girl commits one sin, we are always ready to push 
her farther into the mire. 

A young girl likes to have enjoyable times, although 
she may not have as good conditions, under which 
to live, as some other girls may have. For instance, 
if she has no folks, or if she has not much of this 
world's goods, her clothes may not be the best. She 
may be neatly dressed, but shabbily, nevertheless. 
Now, I wonder how many people help to make her 
more self-conscious, in respect to her condition, in- 
stead of trying to become truly acquainted with her, 
and treat her as a friend. By treating her friendly, we 
may help her to forget her troubles and thus help her 
to rise. 

Do you not think that a girl notices whether you 
are really sincere with your friendship or whether it 
it a sham affair? And do you suppose that she can 
not tell when you are whispering behind her back, 
concerning her, to your. " nice " friends, instead of 
trying to make her feel at home with you? 

A girl wants good times and friends in her youth ; 
and if we, who are supposed to be up-lifters and 
friends for these unfortunate girls, neglect to help 
them by trying to be their friend, they will find other 
companions, and what they think to be good times, 
in different company and in different places. 

As to a girl's salary in its relationship to her charac- 
ter, let us think of the hundreds of girls who are 
forced to earn their own way in this world. How 
much do we expect a girl to do, as a maid of all 
work? Where do we let her entertain her friends? 
As a rule, it is in the kitchen. How much time do 
we, as a rule, give her for herself?. And, now, how 
big is the salary which we give her? How many of 
us have stopped to think what it costs a girl to live? 
And yet, with her small wages, we expect her to give 
nearly all of her time to us for little or nothing, and 
then, because she is rather shabbily dressed, we shun 
her. Did you ever stop to think that, if a girl is pushed 
too hard in honest labor, many sinful ways and doors 
may be opened to her, there to receive plenty of 
money? Possibly she may step into one of these ways 
or doors, thinking that no one cares how she spends 
her life. Perhaps she can make enough, in this way, 
to dress and be like other girls. Then, however, she 
has lost her character and has a bad reputation. How 
many people get behind the curtain and push a girl 
of that sort still farther into the mire, instead of reach- 
ing out a hand to pull her to the shore and to solid 
ground again? 

Now, dear readers, just stop to think a little, and 
ask yourselves: "Am I responsible for any girl's 
downfall? " 

Rice Lake, Wis. 

The Day of Small Things 


The Lady of the Home was plainly disturbed— 
plainly and painfully disturbed and distressed. She 
sat by the window of the living-room, which was a 
very pleasant room, indeed — warm, and with enough 
of greens and tans to make a very beautiful room. 
Outside, however, it was different. Cool was the 
air, and gray the sky. Moreover, the ground was 
muddy, and the rain was still falling— a slow, dreary 
drizzle, as if there were all winter in which to rain. 
Usually such rains— blest autumn rains — brought 
our Lady of the Home a cozy, comfortable, thankful 
feeling; so the rain was not the disturbing element. 
She had just had a caller, whose retreating form 
she could still see marching up the street. This caller 
was not exactly a friend of our Lady of the Home, 
although they were, or had been, on friendly terms. 
There had been, always, an invisible, intangible barrier 
to perfect friendship, and now our Lady of the Home 
thought she could almost see the thing between them. 
Our Lady of the Home was not narrow enough to be 
mean, nor small enough to be unjust, but she had 
enough ordinary common sense to see straight. Her 
caller sat down to meals which she had not cooked, 
and she wore garments which she had neither sewed, 
washed, nor ironed. With all of this our Lady of 
the Home found no fault — up to now. Her caller 
had extolled her own works with which our Lady of 
the Home could have patience, for she was an under- 
standing person, but she had, apparently, belittled 
our Lady of the Home. She had said: "The Lord 
is giving me many an opportunity to do great work 
for him." This would, perhaps, have been all right, 
but she had added, pityingly: "Of course, if I had 
children, I couldn't do this great work." 

Now that her caller had gone, our Lady of the 
Home was distressingly disturbed, and it was not the 
rain which disturbed her; moreover, it was not her 
children. She had never considered her work as small, 
nor yet great ! She had regarded it conscientiously 
as her work, and had given it the best of her talent, 
and ability, and common sense, and she possessed all 
three. Now it was derided and to her face! She 
recalled the day of her marriage. The bishop who 
had married them had said to her: "You have now 
a great work, helping your husband in his work." 
Almost the same words he had said several years 
later, when he saw their first child: " You have now 
a great work, training a child for the Lord." Per- 
haps those words were spoken for such a time as this. 
At least they gave her comfort. Her days, the days 
of our Lady of the Home, were full — full to the 

(Continued on Page 10) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


Calendar for Sunday, January 7 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Healing on the Sabbath. 
—Luke 13: 10-17. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Some Great Bible Students. 
2 Tim. 2: 15- * * ♦ ♦ 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Four baptisms in the Glade Run church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Grand Rapids church, Mich. 

Five baptisms in the Troy church, Ohio— Bro. S. Z. 
Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangelist. 

One baptism in the Rush Creek church, Ohio,— Bro. 
C. V. Coppock, the pastor, in charge. 

One baptism in the Figarden church, Calif.,— Bro. Har- 
vey Snell, of McFarland, Calif., evangelist. 

Twenty-three baptisms m the Ashland City church, 
Ohio,— Bro. S. G, Greyer, the pastor, in charge. 

Three baptisms in the Inglewood church, Calif., — Bro. 
Geo. Hilton, of Hermosa Beach, Calif., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Pasadena church, Calif., — Bro. M. S. 
Frantz, of Lindsay, Calif., evangelist; two await baptism. 

Five confessed Christ, two of whom were baptized, in 
the Kokomo church, Ind„— Bro. J. A. Miller, evangelist. 

Ten came out on the Lord's side in the, Salamonie 
church, Ind..— Bro. Moyne Landis, of Sidney, Ind., evan- 

Nineteen were baptized and one reclaimed at Emmett, 
Idaho, — Bro. Herschel Shank, of Fruitland, Idaho, evan- 

Five additions to the Oak Grove house, Peters Creek 
congregation, Va., — Bro. L. C. Coffman, of Daleville, Va., 

Nine were baptized and two await the rite in the 
Blissville church, Ind., — Bro. Wm. Eiler, of Plymouth, 111., 

Two were baptized and two await the rite in the 
Amaranth church, Pa., — Bro. Tohn Mellott, of Pleasant 
Ridge, Pa., evangelist, 

.> .;. •$> 4» 

Personal Mention 

The Sunday School Editor was engaged in institute 
work in Southern Illinois for several days last week. 

Sister D. L. Miller is now at Scbring, Fla., where she is 
spending the winter and where she should be addressed. 

A cablegram, received by the Mission rooms Saturday, 
Dec. 30, brought the good news of the safe arrival of 
Brethren Hclser and Kulp at Lagos, West Africa, on 
the 29th. 

President Otho Winger, of Manchester College, is 
booked for a Bible Institute and a series of evangelistic 
sermons, at Sebring, Fla., beginning Feb. 4, and continu- 
ing for three Sundays. 

Bro. S. Z. Sharp, of Fruita, Colo., passed his eighty- 
seventh milestone on Dec. 21 last. Bro. Sharp is furnish- 
ing us with a number of short articles, dealing with per- 
sonal recollections of his early life, which are to appear 
shortly and are certain to be of interest to our readers. 

In making mention, in our issue of Dec. 23, of the 
evangelistic meetings held by Bro. E. F. Sherfy in the 
North Solomon church, Kans., his address was incorrectly 
given as Bloom, Kans. Bro. Sherfy is pastor of the 
Monitor church and can give but little time to evangelistic 
work. His address is Conway, Kans., R. D. 2. 

Bro. Bonsack had a pleasanter time at the District 
Meeting of Arkansas and Southeastern Missouri, last 
week, than on the way back, with bad connections and 
midnight waiting in dingy, smoky stations. He was 
especially pleased with the outlook in the Broadwater 
church, where the meeting was held. This week he is 
in a Bible Institute at Bridgewater College. 

Eld. R. F. McCune, who, with his wife, was spending the 
winter at Sebring, Fla., died suddenly on the morning of 
Dec. 21, at the age of seventy-two years. He drove 
through in his car, and seemingly was getting along 
nicely, going about his duties in a most cheerful manner. 
On the previous Sunday he preached twice without any 
apparent fatigue. On the morning of his death he fed 
his chickens, ate his breakfast, and in less than an* hour 
later passed quickly into the land of the spirits. His 
remains were taken to Lanark, 111., for burial. A further 
notice of his life, labors and death will appear later. 
* * * * 
Miscellaneous Mention 
"The community standard is just equal to and no higher 
than that of the individuals who compose it. The church 
stands for the highest ideals. Without its influence the 
individual ideals and accordingly the community standard 
must suffer a serious decline." So says "The Glad Tid- 

ings," a new entry into the field of the local parish paper, 
organ of the Washington Creek church, Overbrook, Kans., 
Bro. J. S. Sherfy, pastor. 

We regret that one District has found it advisable, 
because of the expense involved, not to send a Standing 
Committee delegate to the Calgary Conference. We 
would not be harsh in judgment, but it is much to be 
desired that every District be represented, as well as the 
largest possible number of the local churches, 

Eastern Pennsylvania issues each year' an official Direc- 
tory, a neat booklet containing the organization and 
membership of the churches, the names of District officers 
and committees, dates of important events and other 
useful information. According to the 1923 edition there 
are 76 elders in the District, 84 other ministers and a total 
membership of about 7,400. Additional copies of the 
Official Directory can be had by remitting the necessary 
postage and addressing Bro. I. W. Taylor, Ephrata, Pa. 

Too late for insertion last week the following notice 
was received from Bro. Minor C. Miller, Director of 
Religious Education for the Bridgewater College region: 
" Saturday, Jan. 6, will be Religious Education Day for 
the territory of Bridgewater College. On this day a 
representative of the General Sunday School Board will 
hold a number of important conferences at the College, 
with those interested in the various phases of religious 
education. The Board is holding these conferences in 
various parts of the Brotherhood, for the purpose of 
establishing the closest possible contact with those work- 
ing on the field. It is hoped that a large number of the 
workers from the Bridgewater Region will take advan- 
tage of this Conference. I believe that it would be 
reasonable to predict that the cause of religious education 
throughout this region will prosper somewhat in propor- 
tion as the ministers, officers, teachers, and other leaders 
take advantage of this and similar conferences." 

Prayer of the Toiler 

Father, I have a work to do. It is not easy- 
work, nor is it exactly what I would choose if I 
had my way. But it came along the pathway 
of life, and stood there fronting me, and chal- 
lenged me to dare it. Sometimes it irks me, and 
parts of it are sharp and sting me like nettles, 
but it is my work and not another's. I would do 
it well, not merely with my hands and brain, but 
investing my very self in it and accompanying 
the task with singing. Help me to be grateful 
for this toil of mine and for the little acre where 
I sow and tend and garner, and may I reckon 
that in the toil itself, and in the joy of it, is tbe 
real and ample reward for what I am doing 
through the days and years. And whether tbe 
sun be out or hid, whether the air be mild or 
chill, help me to stand, strong, bailing the pass- 
ing planets with the zest which only the toiler 
knows. Amen. — , _ 

— 1 he Baptist. 

A Bystander's Notes 

Measure Up to the Lord's Plan. — In the great arena of 
life each of us must play his allotted part. In connection 
with that important fact, we do well to remember that 
it is no disgrace to take a second or lower place, if lesser 
capabilities seem to indicate a more humble position. It 
is quite obvious that in the great army of the Lord there 
must be more privates than generals. The main point 
is to know your place and to keep busy. If nature fitted 
you for a small place, you can glorify your Maker by 
filling your niche creditably and being happy. 

The Church as a Community Asset. — For every family 
there comes a day when the church and its hallowed 
influences are the one supreme need. Whatever may be 
the occasion, the church always responds, and its minis- 
trations are gratefully received." But after that— what? 
In some cases there is an interest in the church and its 
work that continues to grow into a -solid relationship. 
More often, however, the beneficiaries dismiss all thought 
of the church, as soon as it has satisfied their momentary 
needs. The average family wants the church to help 
with its burdens, but there the relationship ends. If the 
church has burdens— and, of course, it has— there is a 
large element of society that is fully content to let the 
other man carry them. 

Good Cheer.— Whether you have ever thought about it 
or not, good cheer is a vital factor in starting the day's 
routine duties just right. It is a lubricator that never fails 
to make life's machinery run smoother, wherever and 
whenever it is judiciously applied. Not all of us can be 
beautiful, or clever, or gifted with some great, outstanding 
talent, but all of us can be cheerful, if we only realize 
how truly worth while it is to make the effort. Cheer- 
fulness reacts not only upon those we meet, but equally 
upon our own selves. Some of us have heard the old 
saying about " the merry heart that goes all the way," and 
"the sad one that tires in a mile," but we have all had 
plenty of experience to prove it true. Cheerfulness can 
lighten the heaviest load and give zest to the most tedious 

task. Why not, then, put into practice, every day of our 
lives, the joyful impulses of our heart, giving to others the 
radiance that is the God-given heritage of every indi- 

Christian Progress in the Heart of Africa. — Just now, 
while the missionary thought of our Brotherhood is spe- 
cially directed to the needs of Africa, the onward march 
of Christianity in Uganda is forcibly set forth by a state- 
ment of Archdeacon Baskerville. When he entered the 
country in 1890, there were 300 Christians. Now there are 
128,000. Seventy converts were received in 1890, in a 
church that has now 13,000 members. While there was 
only one church in 1890, now there are 2,000. 

Life a Stewardship. — The one thing that Christians 
everywhere should keep in mind more thoroughly is the 
solemn fact that life is a STEWARDSHIP and NOT AN 
OWNERSHIP. Have you ever wondered why there is 
so great a gulf between the very rich and the very poor? 
There is but one answer: The rich too often fail to rec- 
ognize the claims of Christian stewardship — they fail to 
administer the resources at their command to the glory 
of God. Stewardship — non-ownership — is God's command 
to all of us. Truthfully the apostle says: "Ye are not 
your own." Nothing that we have is really our own in 
God's sight. We have not mastered the real essence of 
the Christian religion if we have not mastered the great 
lesson of Christian stewardship. 

Advertising the Church. — A highly successful business 
corporation in Chicago, announced this program in the 
early days of its career : " Our salesmen will go anywhere, 
at any time, in any weather, to talk business." This ring- 
ing declaration of an aggressive and tireless purpose to 
reach every possible buyer, is declared to have been a 
large factor in the success of the enterprise. In an equally 
aggressive way, a real demand for the Gospel has to be 
created, and no selling force ever had a bigger task than 
that confided to the Lord's ambassadors— the business of 
persuading this generation that the message of John 3: 16 
is a vital factor today. Jesus Christ and his glorious 
Gospel of redemption must be openly set forth to chal- 
lenge the attention and awaken the interest, and compel 
the inquiry, of the unbeliever. The church whose outlook 
on the world is that of a lighthouse, will be sure to main- 
tain a perennial campaign of advertising— first, to compel 
the people to see that Jesus Christ came into the world to 
save sinners, and that they .need him beyond all else; 
second, to make that special church a household word in 
the community, because of its truly worth while work 
of uplift— a shining light in a world of darkness! 

Meet Adversity Calmly.— One of the great lessons that 
few of us have succeeded in fully mastering, is that of 
meeting adversity in a spirit of trustful resignation. Even 
to the most successful, insurmountable difficulties are sure 
to come. No person is so prosperous as never to expe- 
rience discomfiture. There come times, in the life of even 
the most favored, when trouble, sorrow and difficulty 
obstruct the pathway. At such a crisis it often becomes 
well nigh impossible to meet misfortune with patience, 
and yet it is not only possible, but attended by the richest 
blessing— happiness for ourselves and others. The famous 
jurist, Rufus Choate, was once asked, after he had lost 
a case at court, how he could take defeat so calmly. 
" When it is over," said the great lawyer, " I have no more 
to do with it. If I kept on brooding over my defeats, I 
surely would go mad. I do not, therefore, pay further 
attention to them. When one case is done, I go on to 
the next case in hand— let the result be as it may." No 
better rule can be followed. Whether the disagreeable 
comes as failure, or sorrow, or loss, meet it calmly, and 
it will soon lose its power to trouble. Indeed, many trials, 
met half-way with patience and readiness, may often be 
made stepping-stones to higher achievements. It all 
depends upon the individual to make the best of the 
circumstances he has to face. 

Our Life Is What We Make It.— If our life is narrow 
and mean, and without inspiration, we should remember 
that the responsibility rests chiefly with ourselves. We 
live in our thoughts, our feelings and inspirations. If 
these are broad and generous and wholesome, nothing 
else need matter very much. We give tone and color to 
our lives — from that fact we can not get away. It is the 
spirit within that, shining through, makes life what it is 
for every one of us, and with the slow molding and form- 
ing and inspiring of that spirit, no one has the responsi- 
bility that we have. If we have trained our real self to 
kindness and generosity and patience and good cheer, 
these excellent traits will give comfort and strength and 
solace to our lives, so that we may be the means of great 
blessing and inspiration to others. If, however, we have 
allowed our spirit to become dwarfed and grasping and 
ill-tempered, not even the choicest of life's blessings, or 
the most favorable circumstances, will prevent these soul- 
blemishes from spoiling both our happiness and our in- 
fluence. And when we complain that life has not been 
fair to us, and has not given us the opportunity for ex- 
pansion, and comfort, and happiness, what we really are 
complaining against is, that we ourselves have not trained 
our souls for these things. The soul that is trained for 
life's choicest fruitage, can never wholly miss it. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 



Why Missionary Funds Are Lacking 

Recently the United Christian Missionary Society an- 
nounced a preventable waste in its financing, which doubt- 
lessly may be experienced by other boards, home and 
foreign. The treasurer of the above-named society re- 
ports that, during the missionary year closing June 30, 
1922, he paid $14,337.35 interest, because the churches 
were slow in sending their offerings. This amount, he 
says, would have paid the salaries of fourteen missionaries 
for a full year. If the churches, Sunday-schools and in- 
dividuals would send their missionary money in monthly 
payments, or even oftener, plenty of funds would be in 
every mission treasury, and the interest charge could be 
avoided. Many, however, wait until the very last day 
to send their offerings. This may necessitate the board 
to borrow money for running expenses until the dilatory 
donors send the delayed funds. 

Are Latin and Greek to Go? 

According to recent reports from higher educational 
institutions throughout the United States, the study of 
Latin and Greek may possibly be materially curtailed, if 
not entirely discontinued. Both Columbia and Princeton 
Universities report a steady decline in the interest taken 
in, Latin and Greek among the students. At Princeton 
the number studying the classical languages diminishes, 
approximately, ten per cent annually. At Columbia, Latin 
is reported as "barely holding its own, while Greek is 
declining rapidly— only seventy students, all told, electing 
to study it this year." Commenting on the showing, above 
referred to, a noted educator ascribes it to the demands 
of an intensely practical age. The modern student is not 
inclined to devote time to any study that is not of 
immediate value in his chosen calling. If Latin and 
Greek are not deemed to be essential to his special needs, 
he is not likely to study those languages. 

India, If Free, Would Still Have Troubles 

A correspondent of the "London Times," in discussing 
the present situation in India, declares that the great 
Indian chiefs would have profound contempt for a purely 
native Indian government, and would h;-ve nothing to do 
with it, except to get out of it as quickly as possible—, 
by force, if necessary. The writer referred to— who is a 
well-informed Anglo-Indian— says that the only thing that 
holds back the great Indian chiefs now, is their respect 
for the British government. He maintains that if British 
control were shifted to India, "it will be like fifty Irelands 
in this great continent, and the result will be absolute 
chaos and anarchy." The united endeavors of Indian 
agitators, at the present time, seem to be concentrated 
upon the one task — the overthrow of British control in 
India. That being accomplished, grave factional conten- 
tions between the various native groups would be re- 
sumed, and great confusion would prevail. 

Missionary Possibilities in Utah 

Of the 450,000 inhabitants of Utah, approximately 100,000 
are non-Mormons, and about 10,000 of these 100,000 are 
professing Christians and members of Protestant Chris- 
tian churches. A conference held under the auspices of 
the Home Missions Council, emphasized four needs, to 
make possible more effective Christian work in the State : 
" (1) Better equipment in property and men for the 
churches in the State. (2) Closer cooperation in the 
educational policy, which is now being worked out. (3) 
A better grade of literature, especially adapted to reach 
intelligent Mormons — which need is rapidly being met. 
(4) A course of lectures upon special religious themes 
by eminent men, whose statements will carry weight and 
be repeated in the papers of the State." As a part of the 
great world field, Utah has probably not been given as 
much attention as it should have had. How does it 
impress us, as members of the Church of the Brethren? 

Increasing Cases of Child Suicide 

Competent educators maintain that a " sparing of the 
rod " has resulted in the moral degeneration of many 
children— partly, at least, accounting for the fact that 
707 children committed suicide during last year. All these 
were less than sixteen years of age. Press reports declare 
that recently a compact to commit suicide was signed by 
five girls— all less than seventeen years of age — and the 
agreement was carried out. Notes left behind, by some 
of these unfortunates, indicate a serious lack of poise and 
self-control. Well may we ask: "Why, in a period of 
life which is usually the happiest and the most care-free, 
should despair be so heavy as to prompt suicide?" A 
leading journal says: "If the courts were to take a little 
more cognizance of the laxity of parents, and punish them 
for the delinquency of their children, a healthier condition 
would soon prevail. Too often parents are exemplifying, 
m their own lives, an ill-disguised paganism. Banish 
God if you will, but be prepared for the consequences I " 

Observance of Race Relations Sunday 

In recognition of the fact that a better understanding 
between the white and colored races of our country is 
of the highest importance, the Executive Committee of 
the Commission on the Church and Race Relations has 
labored assiduously to that end. More fully to bring that 
matter before the people in general, Feb. 11 has been 
designated as "Race Relations Sunday." This being the 
Sunday preceding Lincoln's birthday, has been regarded 
as. a very appropriate day to call to the attention of the 
white and colored churches the mutual interests they 
sustain, and the need for a better understanding between 
the two races. It is suggested that ministers preach ser- 
mons in harmony with the aims of the day, and that, 
wherever possible, attention be given to the promotion 
of mutual good will and understanding between the races. 

Accurate Figures on Russia's Executions 

Reliable statistics received at Washington reveal the 
astounding fact that 1,766,118 persons were executed by 
the Soviet government in Russia from Nov. 7, 1917, to the 
end of 1921. In .the gruesome list, the following are 
found: Farmers, 815,000; intellectuals, 355,250; soldiers, 
260,000; laborers, 192,350; officers, 54,650; property owners, 
12,900; police officials, 59,000; physicians, 8,800; professors 
and teachers, 6,775; priests, 1,215; bishops, 28. Explana- 
tory at least in part, of the serious shortage of food- 
stuffs in Russia, is the fact revealed in the showing above 
given, that practically half of the total number executed 
were farmers. Undoubtedly the conditions among the 
Russian peasantry have been much worse than was gen- 
erally believed, and the appalling famines of past years 
and also the one still prevailing, must largely be charged 
to the ruthless extermination of the farmers. 

Turkey Makes Rigid Rulings 

As given in late news reports, Turkey's Minister of 
Education has made a ruling, subjecting all mission 
schools of that land to Turkish inspection. If any schools 
are_ working in opposition to ..the teachings of Islam, they 
are to be suppressed at once. It also specifies that the 
Turkish language must be taught in every school, and 
that all commercial branches must be taught in that 
language. Employes of foreign firms, doing business 
in Turkey, must be Turks, and one-half of all cor- 
porate stock shall be owned by the Turkish government. 
Possibly these harsh and uncalled for discriminations 
against foreigners and their business enterprises may 
subsequently be modified. Turkey owes much to Ameri- 
can missions and their educational institutions. It would 
seem to be highly injudicious to have their rare usefulness 
in any way interfered w*th. 

What They, Found in Africa 

Under the provisions of the Phelps-Stokes fund an 
International Commission was sent to Africa, to make 
thorough, first-hand investigation of the continent — its 
inhabitants, its resources, its needs, and its possibilities. 
A brief summation of the report, turned in by the ex- 
plorers, would seem to indicate that Africa is not so much 
a "Dark Continent" as one of "misunderstanding." The 
Commission was greatly impressed by the vast potential — 
though little utilized — resources of Africa. Then, too, the 
investigators refer to the great need of promoting the 
welfare of the native people. These matters — the com- 
missioners say— should be given greater emphasis than 
Africa's jungles and savagery. We are told that even the 
unhealthful conditions of the regions, now subject to 
malaria and to the dreaded sleeping-sickness, will eventu- 
ally yield to the remedial measures of modern science. 

The Need of Higher Ideals 

Newspaper comments are charging the churches with 
the strenuous endeavor of urging our government into 
war in the Near East. Church leaders, in full touch with 
the situation, deny the charge, conclusively showing that 
the churches have ever consistently espoused the cause 
of peace. Rev. Samuel M. Cavert, one of the secretaries 
of the Federal Council of Churches, says this: "Are we 
to pour millions without end into the saving of orphans 
and refugees, faster than a generous people can save 
them? We are not suggesting any resort to war. We are 
not trying to stampede the government into war; we are 
trying to stampede it into peace. We are trying to secure 
a just and righteous settlement, so that future war can 
be averted. Who really doubts that, by the positive and 
unequivocal use of America's prestige and economic 
power, it might be possible for us to have direct and 
well nigh conclusive influence in securing the protection 
of the oppressed minorities of the Near East? If Great 
Britain and France and America should say together, 
clearly and unambiguously: 'All massacres must cease; 
permanent protection must be given to the Armenian 
people,' that voice would, in all likelihood, be heeded." 
As the present situation in the Near East impresses the 
writer, there is need of a great and impelling vision to 
the churches in general, that, in unison of sentiment, they 
may insist upon a righteous settlement of the points at 
issue. The great ideals of the Master might, if given a 

chance, furnish an equitable and permanent solution of 
the questions that have been puzzling the Lausanne Con- 
ference. If the Christian forces of our land would exalt 
this glorious vision, and pray earnestly for the prevalence 
of right, rather than might, a brighter prospect of world 
peace might be ushered in. There is power in united 
Christian endeavor. Are we willing to put it to the test? 

United States Leads in Relief Work 

Throughout the Bible Lands, this winter, more wide- 
spread humanitarian activities are being engaged in than 
ever before. American relief work was given renewed 
impetus after the burning of Smyrna, and the indefati- 
gable and ever patient relief workers are now bearing a 
huge burden in Palestine, Syria, Greece, Anatolia and 
Armenia. Of one million refugees who left Asia Minor 
during the last three months, a large proportion owe their 
survival to the ministrations of the American people. Al- 
though Jerusalem has not been an important factor in 
the actual relief work, it has none the less felt the pulse 
and throb of the great upheaval, and it is itself housing 
many refugees who are victims of Turkish vengeance on 
the Christian races. America, during last year, spent 
$12,000,000 for humanitarian work in near eastern coun- 
tries, and the need during the next six months will be even 
larger. t 

Heroes of the Medical Art 

Loudly heralded are the remarkable cures wrought by 
the mysterious radium and the equally remarkable X rays. 
Not so much is said about the courageous doctors who 
use these powerful remedies in the cure of various dis- 
eases. Despite the most thorough means of protection 
against the baneful effect of these all-permeating sub- 
stances upon normal tissues of the body, the practitioners, 
who employ them, are sooner or later disastrously affected 
by them. Tn the most recent case. Dr. Jacques Vaillant. 
famous expert on radium at Paris, was obliged to have 
his left arm amputated when gangrene set in, as a result 
of radium action. This left him without a limb, since 
the other arm and both legs had already succumbed to 
the deleterious effects of radium. However, Dr. Vaillant, 
with four artificial limbs, is in no wise discouraged. Still 
continuing his radium researches, he hopes to score fur- 
ther triumphs for suffering humanity. 

Ending Nation-Wide Industrial Disputes 

In his recent annual report to Congress, Secretary 
Davis, of the Labor Department, declares that the nation 
"must find a way to avert these futile, fatal appeals to 
force in industry." He recommends that the conciliation 
machinery of the Federal Government be so expanded as 
to enable its officials to handle effectively nation-wide 
industrial disputes. "No better example of the futility 
of these appeals to force can be found," said the secretary, 
"than the recent strike of the bituminous coal miners. 
After months of suspended industry, the 600,000 coal min- 
ers returned to their work without a single change having 
been effected in wages or conditions of employment. It 
has been the experience of the Department of Labor that 
disinterested, intelligent, practical conciliation is capable 
of ending many of these disputes." Mr. Davis' reasoning 
is logical. Strikes have again and again proved their 
inefficiency as equitable settlers of labor disputes. Why 
continue them? 

Gospel Influences for the Immigrant 

A most significant innovation has taken place at Ellis 
Island, New York, the gateway to America. Whatever 
may have been the neglect heretofore, religious services 
are now being held every Sunday. Definite opportunities 
for worship through religious services have been made 
possible through the splendid cooperation of the present 
Commissioner of Immigration, Mr. Robert Todd. Every 
Sunday morning three types of religious services are held, 
conducted, successively, by Roman Catholics, Protestants, 
and Jews. These religious services were inaugurated 
through a special committee of the "General Committee 
of Immigrant Aid," composed of thirty-three religious and 
social agencies. A Protestant sub-committee was or- 
ganized through the helpful assistance of the officers of 
the "Home Missions Council," to take charge of the 
Protestant services every Sunday. A monthly schedule 
has been worked out, for the equitable assignment of 
services to different Protestant denominations. As appli- 
cations from any denomination arc invited, for these 
ministrations to the immigrants, it is quite possible that 
ere long the Church of the Brethren might be repre- 
sented among the speakers who address the Ellis Island 
audiences. Dr. Willard L. Robinson, Chairman of the 
Sub-Committee for the Protestant services, writes: "We 
regard the religious services a real success. The plan has 
in it large possibilities for developing the religious welfare 
of the aliens who are detained." Every effort is being 
made to secure speakers of outstanding personality, who 
can give a short and simple, but spiritual and comforting 
message. Their remarks are translated by interpreters 
into different languages, in an endeavor to reach the 
dominant nationalities of the immigrants present on that 
special occasion. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


, lor tlic Weekly Devotional Sirc-tlne Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

The Man Who Was a Willing Bond-Servant 
of Christ 

Philippians 3: 7-16 (Am. Rev.) 

For Week Beginning January 14, 1923 

1. Paul Made the Right Sort of Valuations— WheY 
Paul wrote his letter to the saints in Rome, he designated 
himself as "the bond-servant of Jesus Christ." Something 
in the language he employs, in connection with that state- 
ment, would seem to indicate that he lingered in loving 
exultation over the thought that he had the blessed privi- 
lege of thus being helpful to the Master. On several 
occasions he took pleasure in emphasizing his spiritual 
attitude, as he conceived it to be. Tn 1 Cor. 15: 9, A. D. 
59, he said: "Not meet to be called an apostle." Tn Eph. 
3 : 8, A. D. 64, he confesses, regarding himself : " Less than 
the least of all saints." In 1 Tim. 1 : 15, A..D. 65. he loyally 
admits : " Sinners of whom I am chief." While his humil- 
ity is abundantly demonstrated in the above citations, he 
never lost sight of his exalted calling as a messenger of 
Jesus Christ, but the more he thought of his Lord, the 
less importance did he attach to his own qualifications. 

2. Paul Subordinated All to Chriat— So far as an hon- 
orable and illustrious ancestry was concerned, Paul could 
justly lay claim to distinction. Concerning his moral and 
mental qualifications, as a man, there was no question. 
His education was of such a character as to give power 
to his message. There had been a time when he counted 
these personal qualifications of supreme value. When 
Christ came into his life, however, he revised his calcu- 
lations. The privilege of being a servant of Christ out- 
weighed all other considerations. 

3. Paul, the Great Debtor.— When Paul speaks of the 
things he cheerfully endured, as a servant of Christ, he 
does so with an obvious, apology. No one, however, can 
give thoughtful consideration to the claim that he had 
labored more abundantly than they all, without being 
fully convinced that he was not glorifying himself, but 
rather him to whom he was so great a debtor. 

4. Paul's Great Humility, Though Highly Exalted by 
Christ. — Well might Paul glory in the reassuring fact that 
to him had been committed a great trust by the Blessed 
Master. When he writes to Timothy, to encourage him 
in a like exemplification of faithfulness, he expresses pro- 
found gratification over the privilege that has been given 
him to preach Christ and him crucified. With a wonder- 
ful degree of humility, however, he ascribes all the honor 
to the Lord, and not to his own merits. He remembers, 
with deep humility, the place from which he was lifted. 

5. The Bondage of Love. — For some years before his 
execution, Paul was a bond-servant of the Roman emperor. 
Though he gloried in his bonds, it was not because he 
regarded himself as a prisoner of Rome, but as a prisoner 
of Jesus Christ. True, the chains and the fetters were 
galling, so far as his mortal body was concerned, but there 
was a sublime consolation in the fact that they represented 
his unquestioning devotion to his Lord, whose sufferings 
he was thus willingly sharing. Love is, after all, the 
mighty power that makes willing slaves of all whom it 
touches. It is true also of our relations to one another. 
In this, Paul will ever be a most glorious example. He 
indulged in no exaggeration when he said: "For me to 
live is Christ." It was this secret of Divine Power that 
he was always striving to communicate to others. It was 
his -unshakable conviction that it is worth while to endure 
hardship and to suffer tribulation for Christ's sake. 

6. Suggestive References.—" Not I, but the grace of 
God" (1 Cor. 15: 10, 11). Paul's trials and abundant 
triumph (2 Cor. 11 : 23-30). Paul as a debtor (Rom. 1 : 14- 
17). Paul's great confession (1 Tim. 1 : 11-15). Paul's 
unshaken conviction (Rom. 8: 35-37). Some of the things 
with which Paul had to contend (2 Cor. 4: 8-12). Trials 
that were endured joyfully (2 Cor. 6: 4, 5, 8, 9, 10). The 
secret of Paul's strength (2 Cor. 12: 10). Paul's deliver- 
ance in time of peril (2 Tim. 3: 11, 12). - 

The National Christian Association 

(Continued from Gage 3) 

to the Association a fine building at 850 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, worth $20,000, so that its work of 
removing the obstacles to the coming Kingdom of 
God might go on. 

Annual meetings have been held in Chicago; Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio; Worcester, Mass.; Oberlin, Ohio; 
Syracuse, N. Y., and in many other places; in 1921 
in Grand Rapids, and in 1922 in Omaha. 

These annual conventions have been addressed by 
so many gentlemen that it would be useless to name 

them all. Among them may be mentioned President 
Henry C. King, of Oberlin College, Senator Pomeroy, 
of Kansas, Frederick Douglass, Bishop Edwards, of the 
United Brethren, President H. H. George, of the Re- 
formed Presbyterian College and Seminary, Bishop B. 
T. Roberts, of the Free Methodist church, Joseph 
Cook, of Boston, President Jonathan Blanchard, of 
Wheaton College; Rev. J. J. Daniels, D. D., of the 
Swedish Evangelical Mission Church, and Rev. Prof. 
Th. Graebner, of the Missouri Synod, Lutheran 

Charles A. Blanchard, now president of Wheaton 
College, was the first agent and lecturer, 1870-72. He 
was succeeded by the late Rev. J. P. Stoddard as 
secretary and general agent. Wm. I. Phillips has 
been general secretary and treasurer for the past quar- 
ter of a century. At the present writing, Rev. John 
F. Heemstra, Holland, Mich., is the president of the 
Association and a worthy successor of the many who 
have preceded, among whom were President Blanch- 
ard, Bishop D. S. Warner and Rev. J. Groen. The 
present lecturers are Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Eastern 
secretary; Prof. Silas W. Bond, Western secretary, 
Rev. Francis J. Davidson, Southern agent ; Mrs. Liz- 
zie Woods Roberson, representative at large. Five 
members of the board of directors of the National 
Christian Association respond to calls for lectures 
whenever possible. 

The Christian Cynosure was started in 1868. It 
is the official organ of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation and has this one general object; to give the 
news of this special movement and the arguments by 
which its position is maintained. It is sustained by 
its subscribers — not to make money or get friends or 
office, but because it maintains principles which they 
believe to be fundamental to our liberties and the 
Christian religion. 

As a result of the movement inaugurated by the 
Association, books have been printed and a large num- 
ber of tracts issued, and by the aid of thousands of 
coworkers, millions of pages of this literature have 
been distributed in this and many foreign countries. 
There are hundreds of ministers of the Gospel, as 
well as many thousands of laymen who have been led 
to renounce Freemasonry and other secret orders. 
Such witnesses can now be found in all parts of the 
United States. The Church of God in Christ has in 
its membership nearly 40,000 seceders from secret 

It was Jonathan Blanchard, one of the founders 
of the National Christian Association, who said : " To 
meet this anti-Christ, to turn back the inky flood of 
ignorance, timidity and fear, which chloroforms now 
the press, the pulpit and the legislatures of the United 
States- — in short, to tear off this political, moral and 
religious shroud, which, like the fabled shirt of Nessus, 
enfolds our entire globe, God has given birth and being 
to the National Christian Association and has thus 
far given it success." These statements, though made 
some years ago, are true today as is ably shown by 
the Association's last annual report. 

The vice-president of the Christian Reformed Syn- 
od, Rev. G. D. Dejong, at its recent meeting, said 
publicly: "The National Christian Association de- 
livers the goods." The Association appreciates such 
expressions and realizes that it is true because of the 
backing it receives from Christian members of some 
score of testifying denominations, which stand back 
of this movement. May the Association continue to 
receive still stronger support, if possible, and one 
commensurate with the needs of the great field! 
Chicago, III. 

though being a most unselfish lady, strangely enough, 
in her dream, she was most blest. The woman who 
did great things — her caller — was alone and forgot- 
ten — self-glory and self-complacency had shrunken 
and shriveled to dust and ashes. The woman looked 
old, and relegated into the past. She — the Lady of 
the Home — had children (which would have pre- 
vented the great work of the other woman) and 
grandchildren. She was adored and praised and 
loved. There were flowers and birds and happiness. 
She was old also, and looked into the future of her 
children's children. Oh, she was happy, wonderfully 
happy, extravagantly happy ! 

The rain was still falling — gently and persistently 
— when our Lady of the Home was aroused from her 
rainy-day dreams by her children coming home from 

Hcsston, Kans. 

The Day of Small Things 

(Continued from Page 7) 

brim — of small things. And somehow, somewhere, 
she had, in her mouth or in her heart, a bitter taste 
after her caller left. She felt sorry, very sorry, for 
her — in a way. 

The rain continued its slow, chill drizzle, and through 
the mist and fog of autumn weather our Lady of 
the Home dreamed a dream — a far-reaching, future 
O, the richness of rainy-day dreams! AJ- 


" Write what thou scest, and send it unto the churches " 


One Sunday morning, early in November, after having 
arrived at the Williamsburg church, whose pulpit we are 
supplying, in connection with our school work, we were 
informed by the Chairman of the Pastoral Committee that 
there was a pressure for a special service on Thanksgiving 
Day. Accordingly, we made and announced an appoint- 
ment, not knowing what all the special day might bring 

By eleven o'clock of Nov. 30, a large audience had 
assembled to enjoy the program of the hour. At the close 
of the sermon Bro. A. J. Detwiler was given charge of 
the meeting, and after several impromptu testimonials to 
the goodness of God, he announced that the sisters of the. 
congregation had prepared dinner in the basement for all 
who were present, and that the feast was to be in honor 
of the acting pastor and family. 

Although it was Thanksgiving Day— a day of home 
gatherings — most of the families of the congregation 
brought their " good things " in well-laden baskets to the 
church, and joined in a congregational Thanksgiving 
dinner. Very few, comparatively, of the one hundred 
and fifty members of the congregation were absent. It 
was preeminently a time of good fellowship and the 
strengthening of the bonds of Christian love. 

At the close of the sumptuous meal, Bro. Detwiler 
announced that the members had brought tokens of appre- 
ciation for our efforts in their midst, and presented us 
with a purse'and a handsome roll of bills. He then called 
upon several brethren to assist him in bringing forth the 
gifts that represented more avoirdupois. A curtain was 
pulled aside and a copious store of groceries and provi- 
sions was revealed. Some gifts had preceded the special 
donation, and some followed, and when an inventory was 
taken, a total value of nearly one hundred dollars was 

Our feeble response could not adequately express our 
gratitude for the substantial donation, nor voice our real 
appreciation of the striking manifestation of the spirit 
of fellowship and cooperation. A congregation that thus 
ministers to her minister for only temporary week-end 
pastoral service, deserves the highest reward, and the 
most faithful shepherding and leadership, 

Huntingdon, Pa. M. Clyde Horst. 



Once in India, when at the Hills, we often heard a 
preacher who prayed for "all sorts and conditions of 
men." He did not sound the " r," hence our interest. A 
steamer has at least a few of these "all sorts" on it, 
as it sails away. 

A Mohammedan, a merchant living in Memphis, Tenn., 
is returning to his home and young wife in Calcutta. He 
has been away ten years, and has made money. His wife 
is now twenty years old, and they were married just 
prior to his going to America. "I like America," he 
says, "but girls' short skirts and low necks, I not like. 
They cause me bad thoughts. And, sir, your boys go 
far away with girls they call ' sweethearts.' This not good. 
And many men do not marry, I find. Why make money,, 
if one is not to marry? It is of no use, then, sir. I found 
white folks honest, but negroes sometimes did not pay 
us." On asking about bringing his wife to America, he 
said: "Don't know, for you shake hands with me in 
America, but not with my wife. Your !ady shake hands 
with her. though." 

A Hindu, sent by the Mysore government, and away 
from his country four years, is also with us. He is mar- 
ried, of course, yet talks with our young girls as if white. 
He likes democracy for America, but, being a Brahman, 
shuts up like a clam when one urges the same for his 
country. As for impressions of America, he said : " If 
we take you for what you say and print about yourselves, 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 

we should think lightly indeed. For in every daily paper 
one reads of a wife's shooting her husband, or vice versa; 
of one suing the other for divorce, and getting it; or of 
baseball, football, prizefighting, etc. Your politicians make 
fine speeches that sound good, yet your great ^ountry 
benefits the world but little. However, having lived in 
several private families, I know well that your country 
does have many fine people." 

_A Parsee has been learning the mechanism, and manip- 
ulation, generally, of the auto. He says his folks pray five 
times daily, but on the boat he can't pray so often. " But 
if you get up at five in the morning, as I do, you will see 
the God." He saw me reading the New Testament in 
Gujarati. I handed it to him at Matt. 5 and told him to 
read. He remarked: "This is very fine advice, but your 
English folk in India do not behave after this manner. 
They get angry and beat the coolies, get drunk and are 
beastly, and see how they fought in the great war? It's 
all very different from this." 

Jewish ladies, Zionists, are returning to Jerusalem. They 
could not give a good reason for returning, however. 
The aged, they agree, are looking for the Messiah, "but 
we are not, unless you mean merely the Messianic hope." 
Jews, are slowly returning to Palestine, though they are 
having a hard time to make ends meet. These ladies 
think that Christ is no greater than, for example, Buddha, 
and that his influence in America and Europe is waning. 

The captain and crew do not attend divine services on 
Sundays. I never saw it thus before. One of. the mates 
boasted that he has been aboard ship for seventeen years 
and never came to services but twice, and is sorry he did 
even that. He reminds me of the photographer in New 
York, who makes your photo while you wait. He asked me 
about our work in India. Then he told me that he does 
not believe in Christ. " If I had time, I think I could per- 
suade you to believe on him," I told him. His reply was: 
"If we had time, I could show you that he is no Savior 
at all." 

Another passenger is a girl, 22 years old. After six 
weeks' courtship, she married an Englishman, of thirty- 
five years. After three weeks of married life, she was a 
wreck and wretched, she says. She managed to eke out 
an existence for a year in Calcutta, for they were quite 
unhappy. Then she returned to America. It required four 
months' careful nursing to bring her back to health, she 
says. "I am going back to my husband, but I know this 
is the most foolish trip I ever took." The impjication was 
that she was going merely to get her divorce. She ap- 
pears like one who is very unhappy, yet who tries to keep 
up appearances. Much of her conduct is unwise, and yet 
many of us pity her. She lives on the surface of things, 
not knowing the deeper life of godliness and service and 

Another, an old man, was carried aboard in Brooklyn, 
drunk — we have been told. One day, returning to our 
boat from Alexandria, I was hailed with the shout, saying: 
"Sir, one of your men is here in the lockup. Come and 
get him out." I informed the boat officers. Later he was 
brought on board — drunk again I 

The rest, with but few exceptions, are missionaries. 
Some are going to Egypt, others to Palestine, while the 
majority go to India. And who are they? Ordinary folk, 
shall I call them? If so, they are folk with extraordinary 
views of life and duty, and extraordinary privileges in the 
service of humanity. They are people who have heard and 
heeded a loud call. Or, again, they realize that whatever 
of good they are to do, they must do it at once, for "the 
night cometh wherein no man can work." In -the world, 
but not of it, and yet they are the most joyous people 
alive. They are a kingdom of priests, and verily reign on 
the earth. I. S. Long. 

On the Red Sea, Nov. 5. 

^ le 


Much has been said in our community, the past month, 
in reference to the "Gospel Messenger" being in the 
home, and what it means to each individual member of 
the Church of the Brethren. To me its value can not be 
estimated by dollars and cents! And yet we have breth- 
ren who spend more than two dollars each week for to- 
bacco, though complaining that two dollars a year is too 
much to pay for a paper that would spiritually feed them 
three hundred and sixty-five days out of the year. Can 
you explain this indifference? 

At the same time I know of sisters who spend three or 
four times more than the price of the " Messenger," yearly, 
for fashion books and papers, but if you ask them to sub- 
scribe for the "Messenger" they say: "Times have been 
too hard; I can not afford to,, take it this year." How 
true it is: "Pennies for the Lord and dollars for mere 
show " ! 

I am nearly thirty-six years old— the oldest of a family 
of twelve children. Well do I remember going to my 
grandmother's house, in my childhood days. Climbing 
on her knees, even before I knew my letters, she, with 
trembling fingers and a weakened voice, pointed out one 
letter after another, until I could spell the two words, 
Gospel Messenger." She took great delight in teaching 
me different pieces of poetry until I could read many of 
them, and even repeat them by heart, before I knew the 

Grandmother I shall never forget. Looking at her I 
could not help but realize that she "had been with Jesus 
and learned of him." Her memory is still sweet to me. 
One cold winter's day, more than a quarter of a century 
ago, God called grandmother to be with him. My Bible 
teacher went home, but some day I expect to see that 
face again, if faithful. 

Mother took up the work where grandmother laid it 
down, but having the burden of a large family on her 
hands, she was not able to devote as much time to my 
instruction as my former teacher. However, by this 
time I had learned to read by myself. The "Gospel Mes- 
senger" soon became a regular visitor to my home, and 
with the exception of a short time, has always been 
greatly appreciated by me. . 

The first book I ever read through was "Charlie New- 
comer." Well do I remember picking twenty-five quarts 
of blackberries for my aunt, at a penny a quart, to pur- 
chase the book, and then two extra quarts for two pennies 
more, with which to purchase the stamp. Thus I sent 
off my first order, carrying it to the postoffice, a mile 
away. Each day, for seven days, I made the trip, expect- 
ing my book to arrive. How proud I was, on the seventh 
day, when it camel I carried it from the postoffice to the 
first tree I came to. Then I sat down and read it through, 
though I could not pronounce many of the words. The 
impression made was never forgotten. It was one of the 
things that led to my conversion, a few months later, in 
the Methodist church, However, I joined no church until 
about two years later, when I united with the Church of 
the Brethren. There I have felt perfectly satisfied for 
the past twenty-three years. 

Almost from my conversion I felt a' call from God to 
preach the Gospel and do missionary work. I had not 
had much of a chance for an education, for at this time 
my parents were hardly able, financially, to give me the 
money for that purpose. Not until I had reached my 
twenty-first birthday did the way open to enter Blue 
Ridge College. I was greatly delighted, but, alas, in five 
short days I found that my health would not permit fur- 
ther attendance at school. Upon the advice of a physician 
I regretfully gave up my school plans. 

Thus, with no money and scarcely any education, and in 
failing health I was about to give up my cherished plans. 
I had read in God's Word that "all things are possible to 
him that believeth," and that, if we lack wisdom we should 
ask of God who gives to all and upbraids none. I kept 
this conviction all to myself for a number of years, but 
whenever the opportunity presented itself, to do some- 
thing for Jesus, I embraced it. 

First I served as a Sunday-school teacher, then as a 
superintendent. Then I did missionary work in general, 
for several years. All this while, however, I was not 
satisfied, for still I felt the call of God to preach the 
Gospel. I knew, however, that conditions existed under 
which I should receive no encouragement. Finally, how- 
ever, by God's grace, I launched out, but for ten years I 
stayed near the shore. At last, however, I met a sister 
who was as devoted to the work as I was. She had felt 
God's call to sing, as I had felt the call to preach. While 
we had to separate ere long, her memory is still sweet 
to me. Well do I remember how she told me that I 
would live to see the day, in the Church of the Brethren, 
"when women would preach." She predicted that Con- 
ference would grant the privilege. A few days before 
Conference decided that very thing, she passed into the 
great beyond. Her work is ended, but mine has perhaps, 
just begun. 

I have been in the field almost constantly during the last 
ten years, with the exception of a few winter mouths, 
preaching the Gospel in my weak way, working in the 
Sunday-school, Christian Workers' Meeting and visiting 
the sick. Sometimes, I have gone on horseback over 
rugged mountain roads, as many as twenty miles per 
day, preaching two sermons and visiting the sick. 

At first, when I began the work I walked much of the 
time, but I found this too much for my strength. So I 
sought other means of conveyance, that I might save .my 
strength for the work. For three years I traveled with 
my own horse and buggy, making one trip of more than 
one hundred and fifty miles. Through it all God led me 

I have heard much of Sister Wampler's experience, and 
think that mine resembles hers, although, perhaps, it is 
not as generally known. I have eaten at tables where 
there was but one knife and fork. I have been in homes 
where the meals were still prepared in the old fire-place, 
and where, upon retiring for the night, the shingles were 
so defective that I had to move my bed several times dur- 
ing the night, on account of the rain. At times I slept on 
the floor, in the hope of getting away from the bed-bugs. 
I have been present, ofttimes, to welcome the newborn 
babe, and with my own hands have wrapped it in swad- 
dling-bands, till time would permit me to make other gar- 
ments. Sometimes I have found it necessary to buy the 
goods, before the clothes could be made, paying for them 
from my own means. 1 have knelt by the bedside of the 
dying, and pointed them to the Christ, and have helped 
to make the few paper flowers that decorated the coffin. 
Ofttimes I have been called on to preach funerals in 
mountain sections — it having been the dying request of 

some that I do it. This is a hard part of the work, but 
even in this God's grace has been sufficient. 

Sometimes I have acted as a nurse for the sick, as 
teacher for the children, and as peacemaker in the homes 
where I was permitted to be. Many times I have been 
called on to make bonnets and prayer-coverings, and 
clothes for children of all ages. God has used me to place 
the " Messenger " into a number of homes ; also the " Mis- 
sionary Visitor." 

At two mission points where I labored, a church has 
been built— I having helped to raise the money. At one 
place I even helped to do quite a bit of the work— such as* 
hauling stone, lumber, doing the painting, and so on. At 
another point the church was almost past holding serv- 
ices in. Then I raised money for repairs, helped with the 
work, until now everything is moving on nicely. 

During my years of labor I have seen many decide for 
Christ, both in meetings conducted by myself and when 
I labored as a helper with other evangelists. Most of my 
work has been done among the poor and in mountainous 
sections, ever remembering that during Christ's ministry 
"the common people heard him gladly." 

Ministers have written me, to learn what I would expect 
for two weeks' service. Letters like that always make 
me feel bad. God called and he will always provide for 
my wants. I am sure that my past ten years' service in 
the field has not cost the Mission Board more than 
seventy-five dollars, and the greater part of that has gone 
back into the work. Yes, God has always provided. If he 
cared for Elijah, why not for every one of his children 
who will trust him? 

Through the efforts made, the Bible and the Testament 
have found their way into many homes— the writer oft- 
times buying the books and giving them free, expecting 
God to bless the seed thus sown. 

The longest meeting held, during this period of time, 
was at Columbus, W. Va., where I talked every night but 
one for four weeks. Each night the interest grew until 
the last night; during this meeting forty-one decided for 
Christ. The students of Blue Ridge College assisted much 
in the song service. Let us pray that this may be the 
beginning of a great work for God in this part of his 
moral vineyard! During last summer I was only able to 
give about six months to the work, on account of failing 
health, but I am at home now, taking a much needed rest, 
in hopes that by April 1, 1923, I may be able to enter the 
work with renewed energy, and that I may be successful 
hi winning many souls for Christ. 

Thank God for the decision of last Conference, in favor 
of women preaching! Like Simeon, I feel to say: "Lord, 
now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, ... for 
mine eyes have seen thy salvation." Should God desire 
me to lay down the work today, others will be ready to 
take it up where I lay it down. 

During the year of 1923 1 am open for any calls that 
may come, as I have not yet accepted any for the coming 
year. My all is on God's altar. Any struggling brother 
or sister, isolated from the church, or without a minister, 
should write me. 

Ofttimes the members have asked me where I liked to 
work best. I told them that I was ready to labor where 
no one else cared to go. During last year. I labored in 
places where the work was not as hard as heretofore. I 
feel that I am getting stronger, and shall be able to accept 
calls for the coming years. 

As my work is but little known to many of the "Mes- 
senger" readers, I have been requested to write a brief 
summary of my work. To this I have finally consented— 
merely outlining the last twenty-three years of my Chris- 
tian life. I have simply aimed to show what God can do 
if we are willing to be used by him. I hope that this ex- 
perience may be of some benefit to others, and that many 
may be led into a deeper Christian experience by having 
read it. I would be glad to hear from any who might 
be further interested in my work. ' Mary E. Martin. 

R. D. 3, Mt. Airy, Md. 


Wednesday, Dec. 6 

While at Burks Fork, the folks were telling me of the 
missionary work that the Presbyterians are doing close 
by, not far from Buffalo Mountain, and that they were 
making a success of it. To this I always reply that success 
attends those who go after it. And the only reason why 
they are successful in this case, and not we, is, that they 
are working diligently at it, while we — well, we could be 
if we were willing to pay the price. The Brethren here 
have a mission point where they preach regularly, once a 
month. That is, of course, greatly to their credit. But 
Sunday-school all the year round is needed. Children 
go to day-school in the winter and why not to Sunday- 
school? The blame is not to be put upon the children. 
Where men go, boys will follow. Not alone at this point 
is once-a-month mission work attempted, but in many 
other localities, and by others as well as by the Brethren. 
It always seems to me that once a month makes rather 
poor picking. Then, too, it is hard for the preacher. I 
can preach best when I am continually at it. I get rusty 
and weakly, when I try to preach but once a month. 

(Continued on Page H) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


Long before the time of the meeting, the Program Corn- 

it was considered a calamity if there was no wine or 
brandy in the house. 

A great number of people used tobacco. Boys did not 
consider themselves men until, like their father, they 
could chew and smoke without getting sick. 

Mothers and grandmothers smoked their pipes. Young 
girls neither chewed nor smoked— they dipped snuff. It 
was funny— no, sad— to see a young girl prepare to meet 


sc of llic work— all being authorized to 
of the organization. 

nlist ; 

I fre 

mittee had sent out the announcement that our Devotional 
and Business Meeting for the India Mission would be held 
at Bulsar Nov. 8-15. Accordingly all eyes were turned 
toward the place of meeting when the time came, and 
by the evening of Nov. 7 there was a lively crowd gathered 
from a„ parts o, ^mission The Kb.,, had come down „. _ ^ ^ ^ aside 

" ' her snuff-brush, rinsed her mouth, and wiped the corners 

from Ahwa, ... 

The Kaylors and Hollcnbergs had come from Vada, 
whence they had not made many journeys since the 
beginning of the monsoon. From Vali, Umalla, Anklcsvar, 
Vyara, Jalalpor, Dahanu and Palghar, the mission family, 
had come with boxes and bedding and children, to spend 
a week of pleasant association in the work pertaining to 
the mission activities. 

It was hoped that the Long party, that sailed from New 
York Oct. 19, might be able to arrive in time to join in 
the meeting, but before it was over, news came that they 
could not land until Nov. 18, and so they missed the meet- 
ing. . 

The first days of the Conference were given over to de- 
votional meetings each day, during which time Bro, Blough 
conducted an hour's instruction in Bible Study, basing 
his thought on the subject of "The Price of Blessing." 
Other missionaries brought messages from such subjects 
as, "The Missionary Motive," "Evangelism in the Early 
Church," " Need and Opportunity of Evangelism in India 
Today," "A Closer Walk with God," "A Closer Walk with 
the Indian Church." Praise and prayer services were held, 
in which we were all drawn closer to our Master and to 
each other. 

On Saturday morning, Nov. 11, the regular business ses- 
sion began. In reorganizing, Sister Alice Ebey was elected 
the new member on the Field Committee. Bro. J. M. 
Blough became the Chairman of the Field Committee. 
These were the only two changes in the personnel among 
the mission officers. The business of the meeting did not 
close until Wednesday evening, Nov. 15. Altogether our 
Annual Meeting was most pleasant. During the meeting, 
not less than half a dozen of the missionaries were laid 
up, for a few days, with influenza or malaria, but all 
were about well again by the time the Conference closed. 
Monday evening was given over to a program for the 
missionary children, when they sang and spoke their 
pieces, much to the interest of all present. What a good 
time the children had during the days of the meeting! 
Some of them had not seen any but the Indian children 
since the meeting before. No wonder they did not want 
to go home when the time of separation came. 

Our mission family has grown to such proportions that 
we seldom all get together, even at meetings like this one. 
This time all were present, at some time or other, except 
Mrs. Kaylor, who was detained on account of sickness, 
Mrs. Eby and her three boys in school at Naini Tal, Lois 
Ebey and Lucille Forney, in school at Landour, and Mrs. 
Shull, confined in the hospital. 

It was a great joy to have with us«again those who had 
been absent for several years— the Drs. Cottrell. Even 
though so busy ministering to the sick, we were favored 
by their presence a number of times. Dr. Cottrell gave 
us several excellent Bible messages. 

Not the least, in making the meeting pleasant, was the 
part the Bulsar missionary staff took in caring for the 
housing and entertainment of all who had come. They 
had it all so well planned that every one was happy and 
comfortable. Several tents were stretched under the 
spreading trees, that afforded quarters outside the various 
mission houses. 

After his long illness, since last we had met, it was a 
joy to have in our midst Bro. Lichty, who has regained His 
usual health and resumed his mission duties. 

Eliza B. Miller. 
Mission House No. 1, Anklesvar, Broach District, India. 

where the snuff juice had run down. The young man, 
if he were a gentleman, threw away his chew or cigar 
before entering his friend's home. 
A little verse often comes to my memory: 

"Do-all try; good you can, 
In all the ways you can, 
To all the people you can. 
Just as long as you can." 

Our task is a tremendous one, when we shall have 
obeyed the dictates of the little verse to the best of our 
ability. We will even then be only unworthy servants 
in God's sight. Mrs. Edna Vance Morville. 

Cerro Gordo, III.. 


inie B. (Comer) Racer was born May 18, 18&3, and died Nov. 10 

She was a native ol Page County, Va., and was a resident ol 

that section until 1919, when sh< 

d to Rockingham, and on< 

later to Augusta, where 



itil he I 

Sister Annie Racer 

tiid her loss 


Almost fifty years ago I was born in the State of 
Virginia, in the Shenandoah Valley, and grew to woman- 
hood there. Distilleries and tobacco fields were numerous. 
Little boys, who were too small to mount a horse alone, 
were sent to the still-houses for intoxicating drink. Sev- 
eral jugs were thrown across the horse's back, and the 
drink was brought home, like flour or meal from the 
mills. Whole families drank, if they cared to. 

At Sunday-school, church, public and social gatherings 
the drunkard was present and often caused disturbance. 
Mothers returned home from church carrying the baby, 
for it was all that father could do to stagger home. 
Young girls linked arms with their drunken lovers, as 
they staggered home from social gatherings. 

Some members of all churches drank intoxicating liquor 
— the Brethren among them. It was not an uncommon 
occurrence to go to church, on a cold winter morning, and 
smell brandy on the breath of the minister, the deacon, 
the chorister or the lay-member of the church. They 
would take a drink before leaving home, to keep them 
warm, but would scorn the common drunkard who cared 
not who knew he drank. 

They usually kept a jug of drink behind the door or 
in the cupboard. If a member of the family became sick, 

Though she lived in the Summit 
congregation (or only two years, 
the friends she won and the Chris- 
tian influence she wielded were 
sufficient evidences of her high 
type of character and womanhood. 
She united with the Church of the 
Brethren eighteen years ago and 
lived a consistent and exemplary 
life to the end. She was active in 
all church work and taught in the 
Sunday-school until ill health 
forced her to give it up. 

She leaves her husband, Bro. 
Walter Racer, three sons and three 
daughters. Her motherly counsel 
and influence were a real benedic- 
tion in the home and community, 
ill be felt most keenly. She also leaves five brothers 
and two sisters. She suffered intensely for a long time from a com- 
plication of diseases. 

A short service was conducted at the home by Bro. M. J. Craun, 
after which the body was taken to Luray, Va,, for burial. Funeral 
services were held at the church by Bro. J. T. Glick, of Timbcrvillc, 
Va. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. Mattic F. Wise. 

Bridgewater. Va. « ♦ « 



Held at Huntington, Indiana, Dec. 15-17 

In the spring of 1922, April 1 and 2, Eld. A. G. Crosswhite, 
of Peru, desired to get the young people of the neighbor- 
ing churches together in a conference program. In con- 
sultation with Secretaries Shambcrger and Shultz, it was 
planned to invite all who might care to attend the meet- 
ing, and a wonderfully spiritual meeting resulted. A 
petition for a Young People's Department for the District, 
was requested and granted. The 1922 Flora District Meet- 
ing granted the request unanimously. The Board of Re- 
ligious Education of Middle Indiana, under whose super- 
vision the new department is to function, called a pre- 
liminary meeting of a committee of young people and 
adults, to discuss the field, organization, and program for 
the department. A temporary Young People's Cabinet was 
chosen: Presidents, Ivah Grossnickle, North Manchester, 
Robert Kraning, Mexico. Vice-Presidents, Alta Kendall, 
Pleasant View, Dallas Dickey, West Manchester. Secre- 
taries, Lois Snell, Spring Creek, Virgil Kindy, Huntington. 
Treasurer, Jesse Crosswhite, Peru. 

Later the cabinet, in collaboration with the Young 
People's adviser, Bro. C. C. Kindy, of Huntington, ar- 
ranged the program for the Young People's Conference, 
held at Huntington, Dec. 15-17. The following resolutions 
had been drafted at a previous committee meeting: 
lack of n 

the supe 

These resolutions were tentatively adopted for one year 
by the Conference. 

The Conference opened Friday evening, Dec. 15. At 
6 : 30 Bfo. L. W. Shultz instructed a group of adult leaders 
as to the purpose of the group meetings which were to 
follow, and spoke of their duties as leaders. At the same 
time the Young People's Cabinet met to appoint several 
committees. A Nominating Committee, composed of five 
representatives from different sections of the District, 
and a Findings Committee, composed of seven members, 
selected from various groups and departments of the con- 
ference, were appointed. 

Eld. A. G. Crosswhite presided over the mass-meeting 
held in the church. At this meeting Bro. H. L. Hartsough 
opened the conference with a stirring message on the 
subject, "The Challenge of Our Young People." 

Those from out of town secured their places for lodging 
from the Lodging Committee which, with the Registration 
Committee, had its headquarters at the church. 

At 8 o'clock on Saturday morning Noble Bolinger, of 
Pleasant View, led the Morning Watch service. At the 
close of the mass-meeting which followed, all, except those 
in the Adult Section, went to the high school building for 
the sectional meetings. The sections were four in number. 
The first, composed of young people who had attended 
former young people's conferences; the seTond, of young 
women not in the advanced section ; the third, of young 
men not in the advanced section; and the fourth, of adults. 
These sections met for an hour and a half in the morn- 
ing and again at 1:30. The problems discussed in each 
section were similar, differing, however, in the manner in 
which they applied to each particular section. Some of 
the subjects discussed by various young people were: 
" What Can I Do in Religious Activity? " " Our Objectives,'^ 
" Need of Leadership," " Need of Correlation of Activities," 
etc. In each of these sections was an adult, who led the 
open discussion after the subjects had been spoken on. 
Two of the bright spots of the Conference were the 
Recreational Hour and the Fellowship Luncheon. The 
former was held in the high school gymnasium, with Perry 
Rohrcr in charge. The latter was held in the Commercial 
Hall, with Eld. C. C. Kindy in charge, and with one hun- 
dred' and sixty young folks and adult leaders at the 
tables. , 

At the evening mass-meeting the calls for next year s 
conference 'were made. These calls came from Manches- 
ter, West Manchester and Mexico. Bro. Moyne Landis 
then gave the .evening address on "The Church of To- 

The Conference Sunday-school was held in the high 
school building. There were eight young people's classes, 
having a total attendance of 155, and a total offering of 
$26. This offering, together with about fifty dollars in 
pledges, will be used in sending several young folks from 
the District to three important conventions next year. 
These will be held at Lake Geneva, Wis., Noblesville, Ind., 
and another in Southe'rn Ohio. 

Bro. C. H. Shamberger, who was to have given the 
morning address, was unable to make railway connections, 
and Bro. R. C. Wenger, of Manchester, spoke on the 
original subject: "What Constitutes a Call?" 

At the closing session, on Sunday afternoon, the reports 
of committees were given. The report of the Findings 
Committee will be published as soon as the material has 
been collected. The Cabinet then reported that next 
s Conference would be held at Mexico. 

year s 

The closing 
address was given by Bro. R. H. Miller, pastor of the 
Manchester church, on the subject, "We Will Do What 
We Can." In this address he very aptly answered the 
question raised by the conference theme, 

Huntington, Ind. 

"What Can I 
Virgil Kindy, Secretary. 

Since there 
young people 

1. To unify and correlate all activities of the young people of tin 

tivity in Christian service among the 
I the organization of Young People': 
/ision of the District Board of Religiou: 


:lc world, 
to all the 

To discover and develop adequate leadership. 

3. To reveal to them the needs and opportunil 

4. To challenge them to a life of Christian 

5. To make possible the realization of these purpo: 
young people of the District. 

6. To enlist all the young people of the church. 

7. To interest the young people of the community. 
It is further recommended that the District be organized as foil 
That the District Board of Religious Education appoint an ad 

annually. ^ 

That the following officers— two presidents, two vice-presidents 
secretaries, one of each sex in each office, and 
annually from those named by a nominating 

That the council, thus composed, shall appoint any committee found 

That this council shall appoint a nominating committee. 

We also recommend that, locally, an adult counselor shall be ap- 
pointed by the local Board of Religious Education or some appointed 
agency of the church, in consultation with the local Young People's 

That a president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, and chorister 
be elected annually by the organization. 

That the purpose of this council shall be to carry forward the plan 
of the fourfold Hie. 

That the vice-president shall head the department of spiritual de- 
velopment, the secretary shall head personal evangelism and mission 
work, the treasurer shall take charge of the social and recreational 


Looking to a larger future, the Kent church at the 

direction of the Mission Board of Northeastern Ohio, held 

its last service Oct. 15, prior to repairing and remodeling 

the house. When the house was built, it was placed near 

the adjoining lot, and also close to the street. Since the 

street has been improved and paved, it was thought best 

to move the house back from the street, as well as farther 

away from the adjoining lot. A basement is being put 

under the entire house and a furnace is being '"Stalled 

together with other improvements, -In the fall of 1921 

the Mission Board and the church installed electric lights. 

The present improvements are requiring a little more 

- time than at first planned, but at an early date the house 

be elected can be opene d for services— though not completed. 

Kent should have a thriving congregation, and to this 
end every member has been urged to' put forth his best 
effort. Cooperation of adjoining churches is a necessary 
factor and has proved its worth in the establishment of 
recent churches in Northeastern Ohio, as well as in all 
points of the Brotherhood. Kent is a growing town— the 
percentage of increase in population from 1910-1920 being 
more than 58 per cent. The present population is 7,070. 
It is the home of the Mason Tire Company, which is just 
now largely increasing its plant. One of Ohio's State 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


Normal Schools is but a few blocks from the church, and 
it is also the location of the Erie railroad yards. 

Besides its educational advantages, Kent offers opportu- 
nities to those seeking industrial employment. The writer 
will be glad to be advised, at his home address— 1426 
Louisiana Avenue, N. W., Canton, Ohio, of those who, 
to your knowledge, may come to Kent for employment 
or educational work. This applies to members of the 
church, or those friendly toward it. 

Arrangements are being made for a dedication service 
and special meetings, to follow the completion of the 
house. G. W. Kieffaber. 

Canton, Ohio. 

26. On Sunday, Dec. e4, a Christmas program 
Seldcrs, Farniington, Del., Dec. 25. 

rendered.— Clara 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 




-ey Snell, of McFarland. Calif., began 


Fresno church met i 
;eived. A report from 
s wo/king nicely. A 


F i garden .- 
meetings in this church Nov. 19, and continued till Dec. 3. 
only one was baptized, we feel that much good was done. Bro. 
sermons were full of strong Gospel teaching, making us feel that we 
should follow our Master more closely. He and our pastor, Bro. M. 
J. Mishler, also visited many homes. Thanksgiving Day was one to 
be remembered. Quite a number of the members of Fresno church. 
including the pastor, Bro. A. O. Brubaker, were with. us. Bro. Sncll 
again preached in the morning, after which we served a basket 
dinner in the basement. In the afternoon a testimony meeting was 
followed by one of Bro. Snell's illustrated talks. Dec. 10, following 
our revival, we held a communion service, with Bro. John Mishler, of 
Indiana, officiating. Dec. 17 we had with us Brethren Sanger and 
Davis, in the interest of La Verne College.— Mrs. Clara Stoops, Fresno, 
Calif., Dec. 18. 

regular council Dec. 13. One letter was re- 
ic committee shows that the envelope system 
immittee was selected to make a solicitation 
memoers, to see what can be done toward building a new 
Our Sunday-school has an average attendance of about 125, 
arc much in need of new equipment. Brethren Sanger and 
Davis were with us Dec. 17 in the interest of La Verne College. Ai 
our September council it was decided to have a Christian Educational 
Board. Our church and Sunday-school officers were elected. The 
pastor, Bro. Brubaker, was chosen elder; Sister Cora Simpson, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Sister Hattie Betz, Christian Workers' 
president.— Lola Bowers, Fresno, Calif., Dec. 19. 

Inglewood church observed Rally Day the first Sunday in October. 
The program, which really began the Friday previous, with several 
services each day, was in charge of Bro. Emmert. of La Verne. We 
were grateful for the assistance of the speakers from Hermosa Beach, 
Belvidere, La Verne and East Los Angeles. On Sunday there was a 
basket lunch at noon. In the evening Bro. Emmert conducted the in- 
stallation service for the Sunday-school officers. At the last quarterly 
business meeting Bro. Wm. Wertcnbaker was reelected elder and 
pastor for another year. We are indeed fortunate to have this con- 
secrated man and his faithful wife labor among us. Mrs. Asa Thomas 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent, and the writer, " Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent. Nov. 26 Bro. Geo. Hilton, of Her- 
mosa Beach, began a series of sermons and Bible talks, continuing 
for three weeks with; good interest. Bro. Hilton preaches sound doc- 
trine, and we feel that we have had a rich spiritual feast. We re- 
joice that three made the good confession and were baptized on Sun- 
day afternoon.— Jennie A. Stoncr, Inglewood, Calif., Dec. 19. 

La Verne chu*lh met in special council Dec. 18, to elect officers, 
with Eld. J. P. Dickey In the chair. L. J. Lehman was reelected 
church clerk; Truman Funderburgb, new. member on the music com- 
mittee; W. H. Neher, trustee; Sunday-school superintendent, J. E. 
Throne; superintendent of Adult Department, H. J. Vaniman; Young 
People, Minneva Neher; Senior, A. J. Bcckner; Intermediate, E. R. 
Blickenstaff; Junior, Mrs. Clara Vaniman; Primary, Mrs. Grace 
Miller; Beginners, Mrs. Alberta Frantz; Cradle Roll, Mrs. B. W. 
Ikenberry. Our Christian Workers' leaders are as follows: General 
Superintendent, Harper Frantz; Adult, Mrs. Mary Shaffer; Young 
People, Minneva Neher; Senior, A. J. Beckner; Intermediate, E. R. 
Blickenstaff; Junior, A. L. Miller; Primary, Mrs. Grace Miller; Begin- 
ners, Mrs. Alberta Frantz. A few weeks ago we listened with much 
interest . to the illustrated lectures on " Lords burg and La Verne 
College," given by Brethren I. V. Fundcrburgh and L. S. Brubaker. 
Our college young people continue to carry sunshine and cheer to the 
shut-ins on Sunday afternoons, under the leadership of Kathryn 
Harshbargcr. This work is well organized. The Mexican night 
school is flourishing this year, with an attendance of about thirty- 
five. Earl Barnhart is the superintendent.— Grace H. Miller, La 
Verne, Calif., Dec. 19. 

Pasadena church is progressing splendidly. Our pastor, Bro. Bru- 
baker, is a busy man. Our new Sunday-school rooms arc being 
well used. Last month more than thirty persons received certif- 
icates for perfect attendance during the year. Last Sunday our 
school lacked only four of having a perfect attendance, out of an 
enrollment of 211. We have one of the best organized Sunday-schools 
anywhere. Our Christian Workers' Society has the three depart- 
ments. Dec. 3 Bro. M. S. Frantz closed bur evangelistic services. 
He preached the Word of God with power. Though the weather was 
rainy, the last week of the meetings, the attendance was good. Two 
were baptized last Sunday, and two more are to be baptized m;xt 
Sunday. Bro. Ray Olwin led our song service in a very efficient 
manner. There were several selections of special music, which were 
much appreciated. The Thanksgiving offering was about $100. Our 
church maintains a splendid mothers' organization. Sister W. E. 
Trestle is president. Many of our Eastern brethren and sisters are 
arriving at this time, and are welcomed into our midst.— Ida B. Gib- 
bel, Pasadena, Calif., Dec. 6. 
Riverside.— Our Sunday-school and 

ng service 

i organ: 


ized effort, but 
Kindred souls came together and, a 
the Spirit, began laboring for the Master. 
held July 9 in the home of Brother and Si; 
continued each Lord's Day since. We are making an effort to secure 
a suitable place in San Bernardino, as most of our membership is 
located there. Strange as it may seem, we have a traveling con- 
gregation. Instead of the minister going to the congregation, the 
congregation comes to him. It has worked fine and there .may be 
real worth in such a move. We have an organized Sunday-school, 
a Home Department and preaching service. We sent $18 to the Brook- 
set aside $10 for treats for the children and to 
d. We still maintain work with the Chinese— an 
s hope to see a fine, 
itral place in which to 

ich has been ; 
ngregation ii 

-L. D. and Mrs 



lyn Italian Mis 

assist a family i 

effort whi ■ 

working c 

hold our services in the near futun 

Riverside, Calif., Dec. 18. 

Sterling church held its quarterly meeting, Dec. 13, with Eld. F. G. 
Edwards presiding. A number of encouraging reports were given. 
Officers were chosen for 1923: Earl Countryman, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; May Holl, primary superintendent; Hazel Countryman, 
Christian Workers' president; Stella Turner, Junior Band superin- 
tendent; A. G. Turner, " Messenger " agent; the writer, clerk and 
correspondent. Brethren Turner, Thompson and Ullery were chosen 
nisterial Board.— Mrs. Ollie Ullery, Sterling, Colo., Dec. 21. 


Bethany congregation gave a Thanksgiving offering of $40 on Nov. 


Emmett.-Our Sunday-school, since the dedication of our church 
last April, has had an average attendance of ninety. six— mostly 
young folks from families who do not attend church regularly. Dec. 
3 Bro. Hcrshel Shank, of Fruitland, Idaho, began a series of meet- 
ings. One evening the Gospel Team and the Ladies' Chorus from 
Fruitland brought a touching message in song, testimony and 
prayer. The Gospel Team and Ladies' Chorus from Boise Valley 
also presented a similar message another evening. Each team 
numbers around thirty members and is doing commendable work. 
Their efforts were very helpful in our meetings. Bro. Shank gave 
fourteen practical sermons of unusual power, appealing to the higher 
and nobler motives, holding that no life stands out so prominently 
before God and man as the life lived for Christ. Bro. J. E. Sham- 
berger conducted the song service in an efficient and acceptable 
manner. Twenty-one stood for Christ; nineteen have been bap- 
tised; one was reclaimed, and three were baptized previously. The 
meeting closed Dec. 19 with an impressive and enjoyable love feast, 
with forty-nine communing— twenty -two for the first time. Bro. 
Shank officiated. Encouraged by these splendid spiritual feasts and 
the efficient efforts of Bro. J. G. Miller, our pastor, we press diligent- 
ly on.— Mrs. Pearl Crill, Emmett, Idaho, Dec. 21. 


Liberty.— We held our business meeting Dec. 16, with Eld. I. D. 
Heckman in charge. The Sunday-school and church officers for the 
coming year were elected. We hope with united efforts to make the 
coming year a very profitable one. Bro. Heckman delivered two 
very much appreciated sermon3 to large audiences. The evening 
service was a union meeting. We arc without a pastor at present, 
and therefore have no church services. Considering circumstances, 
we have a live Sunday-school.— Florence M. Clary, Liberty, 111., 
Dec. 18. 


Blissville church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. John Marklcy in 
charge. Eight letters were granted, and one was received. Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. Jesse 
Pippenger* superintendent at the Blissville house, and Bro. Clarence 
Hostetler, superintendent at the Oregon house. Bro. Wm. Eilcr, of 
Plymouth, III., came to assist in a revival Nov. 26, at the Oregon 
house. Sister Emma Weaver, of North Manchester, led the song 
services. There was good interest and attendance throughout. Eleven 
accepted Christ; nine were received into the church by baptism; two 
will be baptized later. The meeting closed Dec. 10— Mrs. Myrtle 
Ecker, Walkerton, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Delphi church held a business meeting Dec. 19. Eld, Kreider, of 
North Manchester, and Bro. Stinebaugh, of Camden, were present. 
Committees were chosen for the year's work. Officers for the Sun- 
day-school were elected, with Dr. E. E. Blickenstaff, superintendent.— 
Leona Holsinger, Delphi, Intl., Dec. 22. 

Kewanna church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Irvin Fisher 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Clarence Gibbs; Christian Work- 
ers* president. Sister Susie Gibbs; vice-president, Bro. Galen Hoover; 
correspondent, the writer. We have taken on a renewed interest 
in our work here since Bro. Clarence Gilmer is serving as pastor. 
We feel that we were fortunate in securing him, since we have 
been without a resident minister for some time.— Lora E. Hoover, 
Rochester, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Kokomo church observed Thanksgiving Day. Bro. J. A. Milter 
preached for us in the morning, and a prayer service was held in the 
evening. Dec. 3 Bro. J. A. Miller began our revival service. He 
preached some powerful sermons and we feel that through his effort 
the church has been much strengthened. Five confessed Christ, and 
two were baptized Dec. 24. Our council was held Dec. 18, with Bro. 
J. A. Miller presiding. Eight letters were received. Brethren Fleming 
and Clellan were elected trustees. A finance committee and min- 
isterial board were elected. Bro. Hioft was reelected superintendent; 
Sister Murphy, primary superintendent; Sister Eva Copp, ILimc De- 
partment; Sister Miller, Cradle Roll; Sister Miller, correspondent 
and "Messenger" agent; Sister Davis, president of Missionary Com- 
mittee; Bro, Murphy, president of Temperance Committee. The 
Christian Workers' Meeting was reorganized, with Bro. Murphy, 
president. We have divided the Christian Workers. The young 
people now hold their meeting in the basement,— Mrs. Anna Davis, 
Kokomo, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Muncie church met in members' meeting Dec. 13. We decided to 
have a scries of meetings in February and close with a love feast. 
Bro. J. F. Spitzer, of Anderson, will be the evangelist, and Sister 
Torrey will have charge of the song service. One was reclaimed at 
the members' meeting. We expect Bro. Root, a member of the com- 
mittee of elders, to assist in electing officers for church and Sunday- 
school for the coming year. — Geo. Kimmel, Muncie, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Pipe Creek church met in council Dec. 14, with Bro. D. P. Kltpinger 
presiding. One letter was granted. Bro. Thos. Shivcly was elected to 
the ministry and was duly installed. Brethren I. B. Book, Frank 
Fisher and R. C. Weuger were present. Bro. Jos. Wissinger was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent for another year. Bro. Thos. 
Shively was chosen joint Sunday-school committeeman.— Ruth Daily, 
Peru, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Salamonie.— Eld. Moyne Landis, of the Spring Creek church, held 
a ten days' meeting in the Salamonie church during Thanksgiving 
week. Large crowds were in attendance at each service. Ten came 
out on the Lord's side. The meetings closed Dec. 3, with a love 
feast, at which a larger number than usual were present. Eld. D. R. 
Hardman officiated. The regular council was held Dec. 8. with Eld. 
D. W. Paul presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year. 
with Hampton Zook, Sunday-school superintendent. The church had 
arranged for a Bible School during the holidays— Prof. V. F. Schwalm, 
of Bethany Bible School, to give lessons from the Book of John in 
the afternoon, and a lecture at night. Sister Sadie Wampler, of North 
Manchester, is to give lessons in singing each afternoon and evening. 
Bro. Lawrence Shultz, of North Manchester, is to assist in the work. 
The Sunday-school has made a good growth in numbers during the 
past year. Twenty-four have been added to the church.— Hampton 
Zook, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 20. 

South Whitley church met in council Dec, 14, with Eld. Ira 
Kreider presiding. Three letters were received. Officers for 1923 
were elected as follows: Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Jesse 
Span; church clerk, Dorothy McConnell; president of Christian 
Workers, Sister Mary Armey; "Messenger" agent and correspond- 
ent, the writer; mission secretary, the writer. We appointed a com- 
mittee to organize a Junior Christian Workers' Society. Our 
pastor, Bro. Zook, will hold a revival for us during the week 
preceding Easter. Our work is greatly hindered by lack of a suitable 
church building, but we hope to have our new one by another 
year.- Mrs. Ray E. Zook, South Whitley, Ind., Dec. 21. ' 

Turkey Creek church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. Henry 
Wysong presiding. Eld. David Anglemycr was present also. Five 
letters were granted. Sunday-school officers were elected for 1923, 
with Bro. Oscar Roose, superintendent. Sister Mabel Mishler was 
elected a member of the Ministerial Committee for three years. 
The writer was elected " Messenger " correspondent and president 
of the Christian Workers' Meeting.— Henry L. Pletcher, Nappance, 
Ind., Dec. 19. 

Walton.— We are glad to announce that this is no longer a mission. 
We are now organized and arc to be known as the Walton church. 
We were very glad when, on the evening of Dec. 21, Brethren Chas. 
Oberlin, C. A. Rife and I. B. Book brought the good news. With Bro. 
Book acting as moderator, the church officers were chosen, with Bro. 
Chas. Oberlin. elder. Brethren Walter Stinebaugh and Geo- Phillips 
continue as pastors; deacons, J. M. Bechtclhimer, W. O. Burros. John 
Mummert and Arlemas Smith. We also have reorganized our Sunday 
school. With few exceptions the same officers were retained. Fol 
lowing the Sunday-school session, a splendid Christmas program wai 
given— Elsie F. Small, Walton, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Wawaka church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. Geyer pre- 
siding. The treasurer's report showed a very gratifying increase in 
the church offerings since the adoption of the envelope system. 
Lnurch and Sunday-school officers were elected. It was decided that 
the pastor, superintendent and assistant compose a nominating 
committee for Sunday-school teachers, who will be installed Dec. 
31. Dec. 23 the children rendered a very enjoyable and successful 
Christmas program. The attendance last quarter has been the best 
of the year.— J. H. Ebcrly, Brimfield, Ind., Dec. 26. 


Coon River.-Dcc. 21 we met at our country church in a business 
meeting, with Bro. M. W. Eikenbcrry as moderator. Committees re- 
ported and new appointments were made. It was decided to have 
a senes of meetings at Baglcy and at Panora during 1923. Bro." 
Frank Armagost was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school 
Sister Beulah Fitz is president of the Christian Workers. A few 
of us met on Thanksgiving evening for services. Bro. Eikenberry de- 
livered a splendid address. An offering of $15 was taken for the 
Child Rescue Home at Ankeny.— Mrs. Zona B. Ott, Panora Iowa 
Dec. 21. 

Council Bluffs.— Dec. 20 we had the pleasure of having Bro. Clarence 
H, Gnagy, of Mt. Morris, 111., with us. The first evening he lec- 
tured on " Christian Education." He emphasized the importance of 
the Sunday-school and Vacation Bible School. The second evening 
his subject was " Missions." Bro. Gnagy knows how to treat these 
two subjects; be speaks with a deep feeling. On Christmas Eve 
our Sunday-school rendered a program and lifted an offering for the 
Near East Relief work. The work of the church looks encouraging. 
Our attendance is not as large as it was one year ago, but the in- 
terest is better. Next Sunday we will hold an installation service 
for all of our Sunday-school officers. The past year has been a 
hard one for our mission. The unsettled condition and the unrest 
among the laboring classes of people have created a great problem 
for us. We ask an interest in your prayers, that God may give 
us grace, strength, and wisdom, to carry on his work at this nlacc — 

Uiru Cmi,Li *""„,. ....J I T-_._ r\__ A. 

Mary Smith, Council Bluffs, Iowa, Dei 


Greene church enjoyed a splendid Christmas program, which was 
given Sunday evening to a large, appreciative audience. Every 
department of the Sunday-school rendered well-prepared songs and 
exercises, followed with a splendid oration by our pastor. An of- 
fering of $21.80 was lifted as a Christmas present for the Brooklyn 
Italian Mission. Our superintendent has been having the various 
classes of the Sunday-school conduct the opening cxerciseB with 
special numbers, which adds much to the interest. All the children, 
from the Beginners up to the Intermediates, were given a treat on 
Christmas Eve, at the close of the program. The Sisters' Aid 
Society responded to the call of the General Mission Board, and 
is sending clothing for Russian relief.— Elsie A. Pylc, Greene, Iowa 
Dec. 26. 

Ottumwo. church met in business meeting on the evening of Dec. 
22. "Officers were elected for the first six months of 1923. Bro. David 
Link was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, and the writer, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Society. A splendid spirit existed through- 
out the meeting. Nearly all the old teachers were retained, and we 
start the new year with a good outlook. We need more room, but 
we hope to be able to put a basement under our church this coming 
summer. Sunday, Dec. 24, wc had our Christmas services. The house 
was well filled for the morning service, but in the evening it was 
crowded. Chairs were earned Irom the parsonage, and yet some had 
to stand, Wc have an interesting prayer meeting each Wednesday 
evening, and Bible study each Friday night. Wc have found that it 
pays to keep folks busy in church, but we have also found that young 
people are willing and anxious to work, if given an opportunity, 
helped and properly directed.— Mrs. Lillic Thompson, Ottumwa, Iowa, 
Dec. 26. 

Prairie City church met in council Dec. 9, with Bro. I. W. Bru- 
baker presiding. Officers for the church and Sunday-school were 
elected, Bro. Carl Elrod was reelected on the Ministerial Board; 
Sister Nellie Bowie, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Rebecca 
Brubaker, Primary superintendent; Pauline Dykstra and D. L. Bru- 
baker, associate presidents of the Christian Workers' Meeting. A 
Christmas offering of $16 was taken for the Brooklyn Italian Mis- 
sion.— Gertrude Dykstra, Prairie City, Iowa, Dec. 26. 


Bloom.— Dr. D. W. Kurtz gave an address on the " Philosophy of 
Work and Play," Dec. 16, in the high school auditorium. Dec. 17 he 
gave an address both morning and evening. The church was well 
filled at both services, which showed appreciation for the speaker.— 
Mary Wcddle, Bloom, Kans., Dec. 21. 

Chapman Creek church met in council Dec. 9. In the absence 
of Eld. Geo. Manon, Bro. U. S, Brillhart acted as moderator. Officers 
were elected for the coming year as follows: Elder, Bro. Geo. Manon; 
clerk, Mrs. E. Derrick; correspondent and "Messenger" agent, 
Mrs. Earl Brillhart; Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Emma Cor- 
rcll. Eight letters of membership were granted. Bro. Ellis Stude- 
baker, of McPherson, came to us Dec. 15 and remained over Sun- 
day. He conducted a Bible study which was very interesting and 
helpful to all— Mrs. J. A. Sword, Detroit, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Newton church met in council Dec. 8. In the absence of our 
elder, the pastor, Bro. B. F. Miller, presided. The following officers 
were elected for the year: Elder, W. A. Kinzic; clerk, John Dudtc; 
the writer, " Messenger " correspondent; Sunday-school super- 
intendent, Murl Miller; Home Department, the writer; Cradle Roll, 
Lizzie Lehman. Our Christian Workers' Societies were organized 
about two months ago with adult and young people's divisions. 
These meetings, as well as all other services, are well attended and 
the work seems to be going forward with good interest. Two new 
members were received on Sunday morning, Dec. 17. — Mrs. B. F. 
Miller, Newton, Kans., Dec. 21. 


Fulton Avenue.— Oct. 1 our Sunday-school held its annual Rally 
Day. An interesting program was rendered to a well-filled house, 
and seemed to be enjoyed by both old and young. On the follow- 
ing evening the church held its quarterly business meeting, with 
Eld. Wm. E. Roop presiding. With one or two changes the entire 
church and Sunday-school organization was retained for another 
year. The officers deserve much praise for the work that has been 
accomplished here. A Thanksgiving service was held Nov. 30, when 
our pastor, Bro. A. L. B. Martin, delivered an inspiring sermon. 
An offering of about $125 was lilted for the General Mission Board. 
We hardly know how to express our appreciation to our coworkers 
here for the loyal and untiring efforts put forth in this large 
field, but we know the reward will come from the One whose store- 
house is overflowing with riches for his deserving children.— El lora 
Ford, Baltimore, Md„ Dec. 20. 

Pleasant View.— A very • interesting Christmas program was 
rendered by the children of our Sunday-school on Sunday morning, 
Dec. 24, Afterward the children were given a treat of candy and 
oranges. An offering of $76.18 was taken for the Near East Relief. 
Our school also decided to contribute $200 toward the building 
of the Italian church in Brooklyn. Eld. J. S. Bowlus was authorized 
to represent our church and Sunday-school at the conference of 
Religious Education at Harrisburg Dec. 29 and 30.— Mrs. J. S. 
Bowlus, Burkittsville, Md., Dec. 26. 

Westminster Sunday -school will be under the care of Bro. Walter 
Young and Bro. Carroll Roycr for 1923. They have just been 
elected superintendents. The Meadow Branch Sunday-school has 
reelected Bro. Arthur Naill and Bro. Herbert Petry as superintend- 
ents for another year. Both schools are closing a very success- 
ful year's work.— Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, Md.. Dec. 20. 


Detroit (First Church).— We spent Thanksgiving Day in a very 

enjoyable way. Bro. C. L. Wilkins pvcacbed an appropriate sermon, 

after which an offering of $S0 was lifted. Dinner was served at noon 

(Continued on Page 16) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


(Continued from Page- 11) 

Yesterday was an ideal day. I sat out in the backyard, 

helping Sister Audria Hylton to crack walnuts, while her 

big brother, Eslic, carpentered the back porch. 

Friday, Dec. 8 

While at Topeka, I had my home with Bro. Leroy 
Weddlc to begin with, and spent a forenoon reading 
proof. Both of us agreed that "the great first work of 
the church— missions "—was well worth while. Setting 
the seal of our approval on the proof, we sent the whole 
back to the Brethren Publishing House. 

Later I had my home with Bro. A. N. Hylton. If my 
efforts are doing others as much good as they are doing 
me— while I am visiting the different congregations— I am 
doubly happy in my labors. 

Here I had the pleasure of visiting in the home of Bro. 
Daniel Spangler, who, with his good wife, has just taken 
the fifteenth child to raise— a little four-year-old girl. 
Hazel, aged fourteen, and this little one are at home now. 
All the children, except, of course, the baby, have united 
with the church. This is the way the missionary spirit 
finds expression with him. He will be eighty years old by 
Christmas. This kind of thing is contagious, and one of 
the neighbors, living about a mile away, has caught it 
and taken five children. Bro. Spangler docs not adopt 
the children, but raises them as his own, and then leaves 
them free to go and come as they like. 
Saturday, Dec. 9 

Here, at Laurel Branch, I see the reason why it bears 
the name it does— the woods are full of laurel. When I 
asked about the Sunday-school, and whether it runs all 
the year, Bro. Gilbert Hylton quickly replied: "We have 
no ground-hog Sunday-school here, Bro. Stover." That 
was a new one for me. I never vote for a ground-hog 
Sunday-school myself, and the suggestion is fruitful. 

Sunday, Dec. 10 

Before the morning services at Laurel Branch, I phoned 
over to Dr. Akers, and asked about the reports we had 
been hearing. He said "yes" to my inquiry, telling me 
that flu was raging in a moderate form, that he had 125 
cases now, and had broken the record on Thursday, visit- 
ing forty-one cases. However, all arc doing well, and 
there have been no deaths. 

After the morning services, we prepared to go to Floyd 
Court-House, for an extra afternoon service, which Dr. 
Akers had arranged. The meeting was held in the Metho- 
dist church. The Presbyterian preacher presided, and I 
gave my "Heart-Throbs of India People." Folks are 
eager to hear, and we had a very pleasant service in 
Floyd. Nothing like being ready when an opportunity 
affords. The night meeting followed at Stonewall, in the 
Red Oak Grove congregation. New roads are in the 
making, and with the present rainfall, the mud is mud 
indeed. Monday, Dec. 11 

Bro. W. F. Vest has family worship in his home. That 
makes me glad. Several good families, where I have been, 
have it regularly, but I learn that there are very many who 
do not. Thus the children are growing up without prayer 
and without learning to pray. Then parents wonder 
what's the matter with the children, and they console 
themselves by saying that the days are evil — that when 
they were small it was different. Perhaps it was, but the 
point will bear investigation. 

In the afternoon we went to the Presbyterian High 
School — said to be about two miles away. It seemed about 
five. The Presbyterians have some four or five splendid 
schools in Floyd County. I talked to all the children 
and teachers assembled, and they apparently enjoyed it, 
for these mountain children are exceedingly bright. Again 
and again they asked for "more." I gave the Latin 
scholars several mental tests, and was surprised at the 
alertness of all. One of the teachers told me she had 
never enjoyed teaching until she came here, for here the 
children want to learn. This all looks mighty good to 
me. Now the church must not fail in her duty. 

Wednesday, Dec. 13 

At Copper Hill, I held two night services and visited 
the day-school, giving the pupils an hour's talk. Perhaps 
I was too severe, but tonight — the last night— I said, that 
here, at Copper Hill, I felt like making the suggestion that 
copper cents play a mighty little part in the great work 
of carrying the Gospel to all the world. It takes more 
than pennies, and we will have to begin to think in dol- 
lars. I found a large group of more than 250 spjendid 
people, seven preachers and seven preaching points, in 
this Copper Hill congregation, but only two or three 
getting the "Gospel Messenger." I wonder if the Breth- 
ren Publishing House is having efficient agents for the 
securing of subscribers. Anyhow, from this vantage 
ground it seems far away out west. Let me see, Floyd 
County, Va., has something over one thousand members, 
and a goodly, number of "Gospel Messengers" should 
come here. There is room for growth, however. No 
wonder that some of the people think the earth is flat, 
if they don't read the "Messenger." 

Here Bro. Kahle held a great meeting several years ago, 
and of the folks that confessed Christ, most of them 
came to the Brethren, while some went elsewhere. One 
went to the Ironside Baptist people, but they refused to 
receive her, saying that they did not want any who were 
not properly converted. A conversion of the right sort, 
as their conception is, means to have the call of God 
without any apparent outside influences. The poor girl 
never joined any church— and still she is waiting to be 
properly converted. How apparent to us, and how weak, 
too, are the follies of others! The postmaster here, who 
is a Sunday-school superintendent, was himself an Iron- 
side Baptist— he tells me — until he came to know our 
people and until he read the " Messenger." He says that, 
more than any other factor, the reading of the "Gospel 
Messenger" won himself and his wife to the Brethren. 

I am to spend the night with Bro. Wimmer, and in the 
morning set out for Roanoke. Wilbur B. Stover. 


Julia May Stover Wine 


Julia May Stover Wine, third child of James Mitchel 
and Nannie Stover, was born in Lancaster County, Pa., 
March 9, 1880. In early child- 
hood her parents moved to 
Washington County, Md. 
While living there, she was 
a schoolmate of Charlie 
Newcomer. She was the lit- 
tle girl who talked with him 
about joining the church, as 
mentioned in the book writ- 
ten by Bro. W. B. Stover. 
She was a member of Sister 
Newcomer's Sunday-school 
class until she was sixteen 
years old. At that time she 
was elected to teach a class, 
and continued throughout 
her life as a teacher and 
active Sunday-school worker. 
She was deprived of her 
mother's care and training 
at about the age of nine years. She was baptized into 
the Church of the Brethren on Easter Sunday, 1892, being 
at that time the youngest member of the Waynesboro 

Her father moved with his family to Fruitdale, Ala., in 
the fall of 1896. The two following winters she spent in 
the Fruitdale Seminary, as both teacher and student. The 
winter of 1899-1900 was spent in Citronelle College. In 
March, 1900, she married tMadison Wine. She proved a 
most devoted wife and companion, assisting in his duties 
as minister and elder in the church. There were five 
children, all living. She was ever mindful of the needs 
of the poor about her and "did what she could" to help 
them. « 

After a short illness she. died Nov. 23, in the Mobile 

Infirmary. In her death the church has sustained a great 

loss. Her pleasant smile and helpful words will be missed. 

Funeral services were conducted by Bro. G. W. Petcher. 

^^ S. E. Miller. 


Bro. Spidle, our former pastor, answered God's call 
to come up higher, to rest from his labors and dwell with 
him forevermore, Dec. 19, 1919. Three years have passed 
since we said good-bye, when he left us to go to Akron, 
Ohio, to try to regain his health. Little did we think, it 
would be the last time we would meet here on earth. 
Though he has gone on to his reward, he has left us 
some precious memories. They are the memories of the 
hours spent together, as Bro. Spidle was truly what the 
word pastor implies— a true shepherd. And just -as the 
true shepherd goes in and out of his fold, to see if all is 
well — just as he loves to be with his sheep — so Bro. Spidle 
would go in and out, to see his people. 

How sweet the memories of evenings he spent with us, 
as he drew his chair before the stove, there to discuss this 
or that problem with us. We did not always agree, but 
when we disagreed, we did so in love. 

Those times were sweet to us then, but, oh, how sweet, 
how precious they are now, and how we long for another 
such brother who was not only a pastor but like an earth- 
ly father to his flock! God alone knows what the absence 
of that Christian fellowship, that fatherly oversight of 
his own means. Surely his absence is felt by his widow 
and children even more keenly, and to them we say : 
"Though he is gone, he is not forgotten." We can rest 
assured, since God's Word tells us: "All things work to- 
gether for good to them that love God." 

" Oh, memories sweet, oh, hallowed hours 
That hold us in our Savior's power. 
When he would reign and rule supreme 
Though storms did ride upon the stream. 

'* Oh. may we ever faithful he 
God's will our way forever he, 
And may the price our Savior paid' 
Find our all on his altar laid. 

•■ Oh, blessed lie of Christian love. 
Bound by the Father's love above, 
May we at last through faith and grace 
Behold each other face to face," 

SOUTH WHITLEY, 1ND.— Report of Aid Society for 1922: We held 
12 all-day and 3 half-day meetings. Amount on hand Jan. 1, 1922, 
$27.68; collections for the year, $1372; donations in money. $2.25; 
birthday offerings, 71 cents; received for knotting comforts and quilt- 
ing quilts, $4.75; articles sold. $2.35; 29 coverings sold, $11.60; for 
sewing. $3.50; total. S65.S6. Paid to Vada school in India. $5; balance 
of debt on church lot, $28.10; mountain people in Virginia, $5; for 
material and expenses. $22.36; balance, $42.96. We sent " box of 
canned fruit, jellies and vegetables, valued at $5, to Bethany Hospital. 
Chicago. We received $38.71 from aprons, and expect to furnish the 
mothers' room in our new church with this fund. We held two 
markets, from which we realized $32.82. Officers: President, Sister 
Lizzie Poland; Vice-President, Sister Mildred Zook; Secretary- 
Treasurer, the writer.— Hattie McConnell, South Whitley, Ind., Dec. 15. 

GOSHEN, IND.— The Rock Run Aid Society held 11 all-day meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of 11. and an average offering of 
$2.84. Wc donated work, clothing and eatables to the value of $51.24, 
to members of our home congregation. We sent five boxes of 
clothing, bedding and provisions to different missions; total value, 
$103.44. We gave $18 to the Aid Society foreign mission fund; $1 to 
District Secretary; total received, $39.72; expenditures, $33.92; balance, 
$5.80. Officers: Sister Carrie Ulcry, President; Sister Edith Cripe, 
Vice-President; Sister Wilma McDowell. Secretary-Treasurer.— Rose 
Leer. Goshen, Ind., Dec. 18. 

RAISIN, CALIF.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for the year end-' 
ing Oct. 1, 1922: We had 14 all-day meetings: 37 members enrolled, 
and our average attendance was IS. We made 53 prayer-coverings, 
96 garments (60 of these for needy folk), 8 comforts, 2 comfort-tops 
and 3 quilts. We also did some mcuding. One large box of food and 
clothing was sent to the Oakland Mission at Thanksgiving. We gave 
$11.50 to La Vcme College; $5 to Oakland Mission; $15 to local church; 
$5 to Oakland church building fund. Officers: President, Mrs. Wm. 
Beeghly; Vice-President, Mrs. C. A. Larrick; Secretary-Treasurer, 
the writer.— Mrs. W. H. Meyers, Fresno, Calif., Dec. 7. 

SABETHA, KANS.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society, Oct. S, 1921, 
to Oct. 4, 1922: Wc held 41 meetings, with an average attendance of 
9; enrollment, 14. Wc quilted 15 quilts, for which we received $34; 
served one sale dinner, $51.82; one food-sale. $29.05; donations. $4.50; 
knotting a comfort, 50 cents; sale of coverings, $3.85. We paid out 
to home mission work. $65; to foreign missions, $21; for plants and 
flowers, $5.75; other expenses, $7.62; receipts, $125.72; expenditures. 
$117.36; balance. $7.36. Officers: Sister Amanda Beeghley, President; 
Sister Maggie Kinney. Vice-President; Sister Nora Cashman, Treas- 
urer; the writer. Secretary.— Florence Van Dyke, Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 


Marriage notices Should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Campbell-Heaaton.— By the undersigned. Nov. 30. 1922, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Brother and Sister A. A. Heaston, Bro. Alfred 
H. Campbell (minister) and Sister Lula V. Heaston, both of Yoder. 
Colo.— J. A. Mitchel, Yoder, Colo. 

Good-Hecfaer.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 16. 1922, Mr. 
Walter F. Good, of New Holland. Pa., and Sister Lillian R. Hecker, of 
Miirrell, Pa.— M. S. Stoner, Ephrata, Pa. 

Lander-Goad.— By the undersigned, Dec. 5, 1922, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Delbert Lander and Sister-Susie R.^ood, of Kremlin, 
Mont.— J. A. Brumbaugh, Gildford, Mont. 


" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord " 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. Harry Emely. 

Dervease, Glenna Kate, second daughter of Samuel P. and Mary C. 
(..ii ni. in. was born in the Catawba Valley, Roanoke County, Va., and 
died in the bounds of the Johnsville congregation, Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Va., Dec. 9, 1922, aged 23 years, 8 months and 14 days. Death was 
due to diphtheria. April 18. 1920, she married Alfred Dervease. There 
were two sons. She united with the Old German Baptist Church at 
the age of twelve years. She leaves her husband, two sons, father, 
mother, two sisters and one brother. Service by Brethren E. E. 
Hicks and C. E. Jamison. Burial in the Northfork cemetery.— Samuel 

P. Garman, Ironto, Va. 

Cripe, Alva Burdettc, son of Bro. Louis and Sister Rosa Cripe, of 
Bronson, Mich., died Nov. 14, 1922, aged 1 year and 7 months. He is 
survived by his father, mother, three brothers and four sisters. Serv- 
ices by Bro. Wm. Hess. Interment in Violet cemetery.— Ethel I. 
Hoover, West Goshen, Ind. 

Frank, Eleanor F-, born near Broadway, Va., Jan. 18, 1843. died 
Nov. 23, 1922. She is survived by two brothers and two sisters. 
More than sixty years ago she united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren and has lived a very devoted and consecrated lite. She had her 
home in the bounds of the Salem church for more than fifty years. 
Services in that church by Eld. J. W. Fidler. Burial in Bethel 
cemetery.— E. E. Brumbaugh, Union, Ohio. 

Gaby, Bro. Geo. W-, born Nov. 1, 1846, died Nov. 30, 1922. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren forty-three years ago, and remained 
faithful. He was married to Martha Smith in 1872. There were seven 
children, two having preceded him. He leaves his wife, five children 
and several grandchildren. Services by Bro. W. H. Wine. Interment 
in the Mountain Valley cemetery.— Mary Gaby, Baileyton, Tenn. 

Heistand, Charlotte Ann, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
E. G. Brown, Nov. 23, 1922, aged 84 years, 4 months and 26 days. 
She was born in Ashland County, Ohio. She married John Heistand 
Aug. 15, 1861. She is survived by three children, four grandchildren, 
one great-grandchild and one brother. Her husband preceded her 
April 10, 1915. Services from the Brown home by the writer. She 
had for many years served faithfully in the Church of the Brethren. 
—J. S. Dejean, Nevada, Ohio. 

Howel, Enos, born Sept. 8, 1860, in Franklin County, Ind., died Nov. 
13, 1922. He has been at the Old Folks' Home at Mexico since 1913. 
His former home was at Wabash, Ind. Burial in the South Wabash 
cemetery.— H. A. Fisher, Mexico, Ind. 

Hunt, Sister Mary, born Jan. 1, 1860, died Dec. 28, 1921. She was 
baptized at Bethany church, Philadelphia, May 2, 1915. She was 
the mother of ten children, five of whom survive with her husband. 
Three of the children have' accepted Christ through baptism and 
arc members of the church.— Florence Smith, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Keedy, Guy Junior, infant son of Guy and May Keedy, born Nov. 
27, 1919, died Nov. 27, 1922. He leaves his father and mother and 
two sisters. Services at the Hutchinson church by Bro. S. B. Wengcr. 
—Mrs. S, B. Wenger, Hutchinson, Kans. 

Knife, Harley Owen, youngest son of Bro. John and Sister Laura 
Smith Knife, born in Miami County. Ohio. May 30. 1921, died Dec. 7. 
1922. He leaves his parents and one brother. Services at the Nash- 
ville Christian church by Eld. J. W. Fidler, assisted by the writer. 
Interment in the cemetery near by.— H. M. Coppock, Tippecanoe City, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6. 1923 


Leinwd, Lydia Ann (Lines), born Dec. 11, 1S50. near Sale Harbor. 
Pa died Dec. II, 1922. Aug. 1, 1872. she married Moses Leinard. They 
moved to Illinois in 18S0. There were nine children. She leaves her 
husband, three sons and five daughters. One daughter preceded 
her. In 1874 she and her husband united with the Church of the 
Brethren and lived faithful to the end. She was anointed about two 
weelca before she passed away. Services by Eld. J. W. Harshbarger 
at the church. Interment in the cemetery near by.— Amelia Leinard. 
Fairfield. 111. 

Lewis, Aaron, was born in Decatur County. Ind.. March 19, 1847. 
He came, with his parents, to Winona County. Minn., in 1855. He 
grew to manhood amid the scenes and hardships of a frontier life, 
in the rigid climate of this State. He married Mary Stewart in his 
twenty-fourth year. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
the same year. Brother and Sister Lewis celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary on Christmas of 1920. He was a faithful mem- 
ber of the church until he was called higher. Services by the writer. 
He depnted this life Dec. 13, 1922. His death was caused by apoplexy. 
— D." F. Landis, Lewiston, Minn. 

Martin, Sister Virginia R., wife of Mr. David Martin, died at her 
home near Brummcl, Md., of heart trouble, Dec. 7, 1922, aged 60 
years, 2 months and 8 days. Besides her husband she leaves two 
daughters, five sons and fourteen grandchildren. Services at the 
home by Elders Uriah Bixler and Geo. A. Early. Interment at 
Krider's cemetery.— Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

McGraw, Chloe, daughter of Wm. and Ida McGraw, died at her 
home in McDcrmott. Ohio, Dec. 11, 1922, aged 3 years, 5 months and 
8 days. She leaves father, mother, brother, sister and an adopted 
sister. Services by the writer at Blue Creek, Ohio. Burial at the 
same place.— Van B. Wright, Peebles. Ohio. 

Mull, Sister Maria, wife of John Mull, died in the bounds of the 
Concstoga church, Dec. 6, 1922, aged 87 years. Services at the Oregon 
Union church by Elders Martin Ebersole and D. S. Myer. Interment 
in the cemetery adjoining.— Amos B. Hufford, Bareville, Pa. 

Smith, Grace Ncher, daughter of Ananias Neher and wife, born at 
McCune, Kans., Oct. 12, 1886, died Dec. 8, 1922. She married S. U. 
Smith July 4, 1910. Services by the writer.— C. A. Williams, Nampa, 

Nettrover, Jacob M., born in Medina County, Ohio, died June 5, 
1921. aged 73 years and 18 days. He leaves a widow, Sophia Nettrover, 
four sons and two daughters. He joined the Mcnnonite Church in 
early life and was ever faithful.— Sophia Nettrover, National City, 

Royer, Sister Mary, widow of Bro. Jonas Royer, of Melrose, Md.. 
died Dec. 3, 1922, aged 86 years and 2 months. She is survived by 
five daughters and four sons, all of whom are members of the 
Church of the Brethren. She also leaves thirty-eight grandchildren 
and thirty-one great-grandchildren. Services in the Meadow Branch 
church by Elders E. S. Miller, Uriah Bixler and Wm. E. Roop. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery adjoining the church.— W. E. Roop, West- 
minster, Md. 

Snyder, Geo. W„ born in Wood County, Ohio, April 14, 1837, died 
Dec. 16, 1922. He married Lucy E. Taylor Sept. 19, 1864. There were 
two children, one of whom, with the mother, preceded him. He 
married Charlotte Boles in 1879. She died June 15, 1908. His third 
marriage was to Mrs. Martha Crull May 11, 1913. Surviving arc his 
wife, one daughter, several stepchildren and one grandson. He was 
a member of the Baptist church from boyhood. He and Sister Snyder 
attended the Clear Creek Church of the Brethren since their mar- 
riage. Services in the United Brethren church by the writer. Burial 
at Mt. Hope cemetery.— I. B. Wike, Huntington, Ind. 

Warner, Manassas, son of Jacob and Susan Warner, born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, Oct. 19, 1846, died at the home of his daughter, 
Mrs. Thos. Crowell. Bradford, Dec. 7, 1922. Nov. 3, 1870, he married 
Lucinda Etter. There were four sons and six daughters, four of 
whom preceded the father. In May, 1877, he and his wife united with 
the Church of the Brethren to which he remained faithful. Feb. 26, 
1921, he called for the elders of the church and was anointed. He 
leaves his wife, four sons and two daughters, twenty-three grand- 
children, two great-grandchildren, three brothers and two sisters.. 
Services at the Harris Creek church by Brethren S. E. Porter and 
John M. Stover. Burial in the Harris Creek cemetery.— J. E. Over- 
holser, Bradford, Ohio. 


General Mission Board.— H. C. Early, Chairman, Flora, Ind.; 
Otho Winger, Vice-Chairman, North Manchester, Ind.; Chas. D. Bon- 
sack, Acting General Secretary, Elgin, 111.; J. J. Yoder, McPherson, 
Kans.; A. P. Blough, 1315 Grant Ave., Waterloo, Iowa. Missionary 
Educational Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich, Elgin, 111.; Home Mis- 
uion Secretary. M. R. Zigler, Elgin, 111.; Treasurer, Clyde M.'Culp, 
Elgin, 111. 

Central Sunday School Board.— H. K. 01. er, Chairman, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.; C. S. Ikenberry, Vice-Chairman, Daleville, Va.; Ezra Flory, 
Secretary and Field Director, Elgin, 111.; Jas. M. Mohler, Treasurer, 
Leeton, Mo.; J. W. Cline. 1823 Bronson Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

General Educational Board.— D. W. Kurtz, President, McPherson, 
Kans.; D. M. Garver, Vice-President, Trotwood, Ohio; J. S. Noff- 
singer, Secretary-Treasurer, 206 W. 103 St., New York City; J. S. 
Flory, Bridgewater, Va.; J. W. Lear, 3435 W. Van Buren Street, Chi- 
cago, 111. Assistant Secretary for the Board, H. Spenser Minnich, El- 
gin, 111. 

General Christian Workers' Board.— I. V. Funderburgh, Chairman, 
La Verne, Calif.; Eva Lichty Whisler, Vice -Chairman, Milledgeville, 
111.; W. O. Tannreuther, Secretary-Treasurer, Waterloo, Iowa. Gen- 
eral Secretary for the Board, C. H. Shamberger, Elgin, 111. 

General Ministerial Board.— W. S. Long, President, 510 Filth St., 
Altoona, Pa.; D, H. Zigler, Vice-President, Broadway, Va.; S. S. 
Blough, Secretary, 328 "Central Ave., Decatur, 111.; David Metzler, 
Treasurer, Payette, Ida.; S. J. Miller, La Verne, Calif. 

Temperance and Purity Committee.— S. A. Blessing, Chairman, West 
Milton, Ohio; H. S. Replog" ' 
Treasurer, Moo res Store, 


Peace Committee.— W. J. Swigart, Chairman, Huntingdon, Pa.; J. 
" ry. Secretary, New Windsor, Md.; Jacob Funk, Treasr- 

Pomona, CaliL Advisory Member, I. W. Taylor, Ephrata, Pa. 

Homeless Children Committee.— M. R. Brumbaugh, Chairman, Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa.; P. S. Thomas, Secretary, Harrisonburg, Va.; E. E. 
John, Treasurer, McPherson, Kans. Advisory Member, Geo. C. Carl, 
1125 Albina Ave., Portland, Ore. Advisory Members from Sisters' 
Aid Society: Rachel A. Ulery, Timberville, Va.; Ida M. Winger, North 
Manchester, Ind.; Mrs, John L. Kuns, McPherson, Kans.; Jennie 
Brubaker, Covina, Calif. 

Dress Reform Committee.— E. M. Studebaker, Chairman, McPher- 
son, Kans.; J. J. John, Vice-Chairman, New Windsor, Md.; Lydia E. 
Taylor, Secretary-Treasurer, Mt. Morris, 111.; Eva Trostle, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago; Mary Polk Ellenbcrger, R. D. 1, Skidmore, Mo. 

Tract Examining Committee.— T. T. Myers, Chairman, Huntingdon, 
Pa.; Jamc3 M. Moore, Secretary-Treasurer, 230 S. Church St., Waynes- 
boro, Pa.; J. P. Dickey, La Verne, Calif.; Edgar Rothrock, Holmes- 
vitlc, Nebr,; E. B. Hoff, 1306 S. Seventeenth Ave., Maywood, 111. 

Music Committee.— Cora M. Stahly, Chairman, Nappanec, Ind.; 
William Beery, Secretary, Elgin, 111.; J. B, Miller, Treasurer, Curry- 
ville, Pa. 

Conference Program Committee.— W. O. Beckner, Chairman, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans.; L. W. Shultz. Secretary, North Manchester, Ind.; 
J. A. Dove, Cloverdale, Va. 

Officers of SIstera' Aid Society.— Mrs. M. C. Swigart, President, 6611 
Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.; Mrs. Geo. L. Studebaker, Vice- 
President, Muncie, Ind.; Mrs. Levi Minnich, Secretary -Treasurer, 
Greenville, Ohio. 

Auditing Committee.— E. M. Butterbaugh, 525 E. Indiana Avenue, 
South Bend, Ind.; J. J. Oiler. Waynesboro, Pa. 

Member of Advisory Board of American Bible Society— Albert C 
Wieand, 832 S. Humphrey Avenue, Oak Park, II!. 

General Railway Transportation Agent.— Dr. S. B. Miller, Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa. 

Annual Mooting Treasurer.— E. J. SUuffer, Mulberry Grove, BX 

192 3 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 6, 1923 


Official <" .'■.■'-'I of tho Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House-, R- B. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, HI., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 



Assistant Editor 


Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued (rom Page 13) 
10 192. The afternoon was spent in a social manner, with some 
special music and contests. We were pleased to have with us 
Delia Lahman. of North Manchester, who favored us with several 
readings during the day. Dec. 5 she gave a prcscntahon of Ramona 
to a full house. We held our quarterly members meeting Dec. 7. 
Bro. Lovejoy was installed as minister in the first degree. Bro. A. 
O Mote was elected elder for the coming year. Bro. M. B. Williams 
is' secretary of the Forward Movement.-Mrs. Waller K. Gordon, 
Detroit, Mich.. Dec. 23. 

Grand Rapid«.-Wc held our Rally Day services Oct. 29. A fine 
program was given by ttic children, and some special songs were 
rendered. We bad an attendance of 276, and an offering of $126. Nov. 
26 Bro. Wilkins delivered a very impressive sermon. Special services 
were held Thanksgiving evening, alter which an aged mother was 
baptized. Dtc. 6 uur cliurch met in council, electing the following 
officers: Sunday-scliooL superintendent, Milton Chambers; president 
of Christian Workers "Meeting. Bro. Daniel Oakcs; "Messenger" 
agent and church correspondent, the writer— Mrs. Katie Register, 
Grand Rapldi, Mich.. Dec. 26. 


Lincoln church met in council Dec. 1 and elected the following of- 
ficers for the year: Bro. J. R. Smith, elder; Sister Minnie Horsch, 
church clerk; Roy Gabel, "Messenger" correspondent; J. G. Kil- 
hefner. Sunday school superintendent; Roy Gabel, Christian Workers' 
president; Lillic Trcadwell, "Messenger" agent. The writer has a 
vocal class at the present time, which he is instructing with good 
interest.— J. G. Kilhefiicr, Lincoln, Ncbr.. Dec. 22. 


Ellison church met in council Dec. 16. Because of weather condi- 
tions, our elder, Bro. Williams, could not be with us. Eld. Lc '- 
Hyde presided, and was chosci 

the church through baptism. On Thanksgiving Day a service was 
held at 10:30, after which a picnic dinner was served in the church. 
A council meeting was held in the afternoon, and officers for the 
coming year were elected. The offering amounted to 520.41, which 
will be given for missions. Our plans for 1923 include a School 
of Missions, to begin Jan. 14; a program of educational evangelism, 
with climax at Easter and Christmas.— Mrs. Carman Bowser, Kittan- 
nicg, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Lower Conewago. — A program was 
house Dec. 3, in the forenoon. A ni 
scholars finished reading the New 
sisters finished the entire Bible, 
charge of the Sunday-school lesson, 
bottstown, Pa., spoke c 
mday-sehool sang 

Have YOU Renewed O 

YOUR Subscription to the * 


ndercd at the Bermudian 
ibcr of our Sunday-school 
and a few of the older 
Imcr Leas, of York, had 
Howard Danner, of Ab- 
Reading." The chorus class from 
selections and several of the inter* 
mediate classes read Scripture passages of praise from scrolls. Our 
superintendent.. Bro. H. H. Hollinger, spoke, and presented the cer- 
tificates. Our presiding elder, Bro. O. W. Cook, gave the closing ad- 
dress. Bro. Leas remained and preached for us in the evening.— G. 
W. Harlacher, Dover, Pa., Dec. 18. 

Montgomery-— Thanksgiving Day was enjoyed by quite a goodly 
number. Our services consisted of song and prayer. The spirit 
of cheerful giving was manifest when $82.75 was received as a 
Thanksgiving and missionary offering.— Mrs. Annie S. Walker, Roch- 
ester Mills, Pa„ Dec. 4. 

Mt. Joy.— Our election of officers resulted as follows: Bro. C. 
M. Metz, reelected Sunday-school superintendent; church clerk, 
Eurith Myers; "Messenger" agent, L. R. Fox. A financial board 
was also chosen. Dec. 10 Rev. I. I. Patch, poet-preacher, of Altoona, 
gave a powerful temperance address. He predicts world-wide pro- 
hibition and a Christian flag in 1950. Our Sunday-school raised §31.50 
for the Brooklyn Italian Mission.— Frank B. Myers, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
Dec. 25. 
Walnut Grove.— Our regular church council met Dec. 10, with Eld. 


for the coming year, 
rganized our Sunday- school, with Bro. Dallas Burkholder, superin- 
tendent. Recently we made an offering to our General Mission 
Board, amounting to over $50.— Mrs. Lewis Hyde, Rock Lake, N. Dak., 
Dec. 23. 


Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. J. J. Anglc- 
mycr presiding. Bro. Anglemyer, who has been our pastor lor about 
eighteen years, was chosen unanimously as elder and pastor for the 
coming year. Bro. Cloycc Pare was reelected superintendent; Sister 
Alice Donaldson, president of the Aid Society; Sister Fairy King, 
clerk. Brother and Sister J. J. Anglemyer were chosen delegates to 
District Meeting, with Sister Lida Freed and Bro. C. C. Trackler, 
alternates; the writer was chosen "Messenger" agent and church 
correspondcnt.-Pearl Rodabaugh, Wiliiainslown, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Rush Creek church met in council at the Bremen house Dec. 23, 
with the pastor. Eld. C. V. Coppock, presiding. Officers were elected 
for the coming year: Bro. Noah Beery, trustee; Bro. Percy T. Beery, 
clerk; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. Noah Beery. Our evangelistic meetings 
closed Dec. 10, with a love feast. Bro. Coppock delivered sixteen soul- 
inspiring sermons. The church has been built up spiritually and one 
was baptized.— Mrs. Levi Stoner. Bremen, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Strait Creek Volley church met in regular council Dec. 16, with 
Bro. Van B. Wright presiding. Two letters were received. Bro. 
R. N. Leathcrman will conduct our series of meetings in the fall 
of 1923. Our Sunday-school will remain open all the year. Our 
number is few, but all are interested in the work.— Senith R. Sctty, 
Peebles, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Upper Twin church met in council Dec. 7. Eld. B. F. Petry presided, 
owing to the absence of Eld. Aaron Brubaker. The latter is recover- 
ing irom a successful operation on his eyes. A letter of member- 
ship was granted Sister Rilla Jordan. Upper Twin agreed to send 
its apportionment to Manchester College. Bro. Virgil C. Finnell was 
invited to give a lecture at Wheatville and also at Gratis, when he 
lours this District. It was also agreed to continue night services 
during the winter months. Jos. Lowman was reelected church clerk 
for a term of three years. The Wheatville Aid Society gave a very 
encouraging report of the year's work. On Thanksgiving evening 
Bro. Mcdford Neher, of Cincinnati, gave au interesting illustrated 
lecture to a large audience at the Gratis house. His interpretation, 
with chalk, of several familiar hymns, was both interesting and up- 
lifting.— Lucy E. Kiracofc, Gratis. Ohio, Dec. 26. 


Myrtle Point. — Bro, Diaz, of the Philippines, has been holding meet- 
ings for the past two weeks, which are fairly well attended. He is 
arranging to iiave a group of young men from his home country 
educated here in America, and then take them back to do mission 
work. Our regular council convened Dec. 16. Officers were elected 
to carry on the church work for 1923. We have just had our church- 
house rewired and new lights installed.— Thos. Barklow, Myrtle Point, 
Ore., Dec. 19. 

Newberg church met in council Dec. 16. An election was held for 
officers of the church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers for the 
year: Elder, S. P. Van Dyke; clerk. Sister Mat tie Dunlap; trustee. 
Bro. D. Kaufman; ministerial committee for three years, Sister Sarali 
Van Dyke; for one year, Sister Eliza J. Moore; correspondent, Sister 
Nora Burkett; "Messenger" agent, Sister Eliza J. Moore; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Eliza J. Moore; Christian Workers' president, 
Bro. Bruce Rethrock. Our people have again given for the relief of 
the destitute— Eliza J. Moore, Newberg, Ore., Dec. 21. 


Amaranth.— Dec. 9 Bro. John Mellott, of Pleasant Ridge, began 
a revival which lasted over two Sundays. He delivered excellent 
sermons, which were much enjoyed. We had fairly large crowds 
at all services. There were four accessions to the church— two 
being baptized and two await the rite.— Lewis A. Richard, Amaranth, 
Pa., Dec. 21. 

Bethany .—Our love feast and communion service, held Dec. 6, 
closed a series of meetings conducted by Bro. John R. Snyder, of 
Huntingdon, Pa. Twenty accepted Christ as their personal Savior, 
several of whom have been baptized. One was reclaimed and two 
are coming into the church by letter. The spirit of the revival still 
lingers among the members, and we hope it will continue through 
the winter, with every one making an effort to bring sonic soul into 
the Kingdom. Dec. 13 the regular meeting of the mothers and daugh- 
ters was held. Miss Lan.ird, of the Jewish Mission, gave us a 
splendid message. She pointed out bow cold and indifferent we have 
been toward the Jew and how much they need to be enlightened. 
The election of officers for the coming year took place, and the 
meeting closed with a social season, which all enjoyed. — Mrs. C. 
Bartolctt. Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 18. 

Glade Run.— Our new pastor, Bro. D. S. Warner, has taken charge 
ol the work here and we hope for a prosperous new year. A 
week's series of meetings was held previous to the love feast and 
communion, which was very helpful. Four adults were added to 



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Dept 24 

Claremont, Cal. 

Keller presiding. All church officers were elected for the com- 
ing year. Our pastor, Bro. W. D. Keller, was chosen elder; Sister 
Elda Wcrtz, clerk; Bro, Orrvillc Holsinger. " Messenger " corre- 
spondent. Plans were discussed for the work of the coming year. 
Sunday evening, Dec. 17, our " Church School of Missions " closed 
with appropriate services. The interest has been good, and several 
of the classes have asked for another Mission Study Book. Our re- 
vival services will begin Jan. 14, in charge of the pastor, W. D. 
Keller.— Mrs. W. D. Keller, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Waynesboro.— A Sunday-school business meeting was held Dec. 15 
for the purpose of organizing the work for the coming year. Bro. 
W. C. Wertz was chosen superintendent. Superintendents were also 
chosen for the various departments. With the school thoroughly 
organized, we are hopefully and prayerfully looking forward to a 
year's efficiency in the work of the Kingdom, Plans are being formu- 
lated for enlarging our church building, which at present is inade- 
quate properly to care for the Sunday-school classes. Our offering 
for the Near East Relief amounted to $246.89.— Ella Moore, Waynes- 
boro, Pa., Dec. 26. 

York church met in council Dec. 14, to elect Sunday-school officers. 
Eld. J. A. Long was in charge of. the meeting. One certificate was 
received. The officers are as follows: First Church, superintendent, 
Bro. Ralph Lehman; Second Church, superintendent, Bro. Harry 
Hoover— Mrs. G. W. Krafft, York, Pa., Dec. 17. 


Peters Creek.— Our second series of meetings for 1922, at the 
Oak Grove house, began Nov. 24 and continued until Dec. 2. An 
offering of $20 was taken on Thanksgiving Day for District Mis- 
sions. There were five additions to the church— a total of twenty- 
seven this year. The evangelist was Bro. L. C. Coffman, of Dale- 
ville, Va.— C. E. Eller, Salem, Va., Dec. 20. 

Redoak Grove church met in Thanksgiving service and church 
council Nov. 30. An offering of $8.25 was received for the General 
Mission Board, and $8.50 for an afflicted brother. Bro. Wilbur B. 
Slover, missionary from India, came to Stonewall Dec. 10 and 11. He 
gave three lectures while with us — two at the church and one at the 
school. He told many interesting things about the people and work 
in India. A collection of $7.51 was taken for general missions.— Ella 
Vest, Floyd, Va.. Dee. 18. 


Mt. Hope church met in regular council Dec. 16, with Eld. Tigner 
presiding. Elder Woods, of Tonasket, Wash., was with us also. 
Bro. John O. Strectcr was advanced to the eldership, and duly in- 
stalled with his wife. Sister Bertha Danielson was chosen super- 
intendent; Sister Pearl Boyd, president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting; the writer, " Messenger " correspondent and agent. We 
bad a nice Thanksgiving program. We will have a series of 
meetings as soon as the weather permits. We are having the 
coldest weather ever experienced in our seventeen years of residence 
in Northeastern Washington. — Alice M. Strectcr, Chcwelah, Wash., 
Dec. 21. 

North Spokane church, met in council Dec. IS, with Eld. W. H. 
Tigner presiding. All officers for the coming year were elected: 
Eld. Tigner was retained as elder in charge, with Bro. S. Clapper, 
foreman; Sunday-school superintendent, A. A. Dull; Sister I. H. 
Jorgcns, Christian Workers' president. The average attendance for 
the past year was 56, with 4,662 verses committed to memory, and 
35,855 chapters read; 16 on the Cradle Roll, 34 on Home Department; 
14 " Gospel Messengers " and 20 " Young People " were sent by the 
church to these members. Dec. 10 Bro. Dcardorff, of Wenatchec, 
Wash., gave us two inspiring sermons. — Mrs. A. A. Dull, Spokane, 
Wash., Dec. 18. 

Sunnyside church met in regular council Dec. 15, with Eld. C. A. 
Wagner presiding. Officers were elected for another year. Bro. 
Wagner was retained as elder; the writer, " Messenger " agent and 
correspondent. Two letters were granted.— Mrs. M. E. Oswalt, Out- 
look, Wash., Dec. 15. 

Tacoma.— We very much enjoyed having Bro. H. E. Fasnacht with 
us Dec. 17. He gave a very interesting and helpful talk on " Man 
and Sacrifice." We had a good crowd, considering the weather, which 
is much colder than usually experienced here. Our council will be held 
Jan. 7. We arc much encouraged by the way our church attendance 
has increased during the last lew months, and hope to see more im- 
provement in the new year— Mrs. Sarah G. Telling, Tacoma, Wash., 
Dec. 17. 


:ry interesting Christmas program was given 
ning, Dec. 24. It was listened to and appre- 
ludience. Much credit is due the committee 
l the program. The Sunday-school scholars, 
Christmas treat, 

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Dec. 27. 

White Rapids.— The church building is at last ready for services. 
Bro. Ralph G. Rarick, of Stanley, Wis., came to us Dec. IS and 
preached till Dec. 20, The dedicatory services were held Dec. 17 and 
were well attended. Dinner was served «t the church. Bro. Rarick 
preached three splendid sermons during the day. A number of 
neighbors came for Sunday-school and remained until the close of 
the evening services. Our neighboring church — the Congregational — 
dispensed with regular Sunday services and attended ours. Mrs. L. 
S. Oeder had charge of the song service and made this part of the 
services very inspirational. A number of special songs were sung. 
Dec. 20 we met for our quarterly business meeting. Bro. Rarick was 
chosen elder lor one year; Bro. Noah Heestand, church trustee for 
three years, and Sunday-school superintendent for one year; Laura 
Harley, " Messenger " agent and correspondent. We also elected a 
ministerial and a social committee. We have worked hard and long 
to get a churchhousc, and now, since this is accomplished, the mem- 
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The Gospel Messenger 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. 6: io ; l„i. in 2 

" T'" , w . e a " attain »«»to ... the atature of 
the fumeta of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 72 

Elgin, 111., January 13, 1923 

No. 2 

In This Number 

How the Indictment Stands 17 

The Best Defense Against Error, 17 

Even Love Sometimes Needs Help 17 

The Greatest Battlefield 17 

Among the Churches, 24 

Around the World 25 

The Quiet Hour 26 

The Forward Movement — 

Steps in Stewardship 21 

Children Teaching Stewardship, 21 

Who Supports the General Work? 21 

Contributors' Forum- 
Give to the Living (Poem) 18 

The Opening for Doctrinal Teaching. By J. H. Moore, 18 

As the Foreign Missionary on Furlough Sees the Church. By 

I. S. Long, 18 

Unauthorized Solicitations. By M. R. Ziglcr 19 

Friendship. By S. Z. Sharp 19 

The Round Table- 
Two Views of Life.— Part 2. By Elgin S. Moycr, 22 


Need of Greater Illumination. 

A New Beginning. By Ida M. Heir 

Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond. By S. Z. Sharp, 22 

Her Mite. By Nettie Bosserman 22 

Home and Family — 

Thy Word (Poem). By Mary Stoncr Wine, 23 

Grandmother Warren. By Bess Royer Bates, 23 

The Restricted Life. By Leo Lillian Wise 23 

A Boy's Needs. By Wm. Kelly 23 

. . . EDITORIAL, . . . 

How the Indictment Stands 

There is no use wasting time or energy in gather- 
ing up the pros and cons when, the answer to the 
question is already plain beyond the possibility of 
doubt. It is a fact that our people as a whole are 
not as much interested, or at least not so exclusively 
interested, in the doctrines peculiar to our church as 
they were a generation ago. The distinctive denom- 
inational note is not so much in evidence either in our 
preaching or our writing. We can regard that point 
as settled. 

But this is not all there is to be said about it. That 
this fact may be given its proper weight and setting 
several others should be set down and considered 
with it. 

The first is that there is still some attention given 
to these matters. Our distinctive principles have not 
been entirely lost sight of by any means. Some of 
them are given considerable stress, others little. There 
is a difference, too, in different sections of the Broth- 
erhood. But the feeling that these principles are being 
neglected if not discarded is largely due to the con- 
trast between present conditions and the very marked 
* denominational emphasis of former years. If the 
columns of the church paper may be taken as a fair 
indication of the general trend, it may at least be said 
that the proportion of emphasis on our distinctive 
doctrines is still fully as great as this emphasis is in 
our textbook, the New Testament. Whether this is 
sufficient we are not discussing at this time, but it is 
something to think about anyway. 

A second fact worthy of notice is that certain 
aspects of the place and mission of the Church of 
the Brethren have been receiving special attention for 
the past year or two. We refer particularly to the 
activities of the Forward Movement organization in 
holding institutes or conferences among the churches 
of a number of Districts, in which definite instruction 
has been given in this line. We do not know how many 
sermons on the church ordinances are preached in 
this work, but we do know that it is very much appre- 
ciated and that the effect of it is to promote interest 
in the church and loyalty to her ideals. The same 
has been true of young people's conferences and 
summer assemblies, for we have heard expressions 
of this nature from the lips of the young people 

A third fact bearing on the situation is that our 
church is taking more interest in other doctrinal lines 
at the present time than ever before, at least than ever 
before within the memory of anybody now living. 
In the days when doctrinal interest was confined 
almost entirely to the differences between other denom- 
inations and ourselves, we gave little thought to the 
cardinal doctrines of evangelical Christianity, such as 
the inspiration of the Bible, the person and work of 
Christ, etc. These are now increasingly commanding 
our attention. Even the editorial columns of the 
Messenger have given considerable space to these 
subjects within the past year. 

To these facts might be added* a fourth general 
consideration to the effect that there is a vast amount 
of Christian doctrine not strictly included in any of 
the divisions-suggested above, which is just as Chris- 
tian and just as truly doctrine as any of them and 
which is even more dwelt upon in the New Testament 
than any of them. One of the difficulties in the study 
of this subject is that custom has narrowed down the 
content of the term doctrine until some of the most 
important elements of it have been squeezed out. 
There are many sermons and articles which are doc- 
trinal in the truest and most Scriptural sense, but 
our constricted notion of what doctrine is prevents 
us from recognizing them as such. 

But none of these qualifying facts, nor all of them 
together, can make void the one stated in the first 
paragraph. They only help us to a truer estimate 
of its significance. Keeping these lying in the back- 
ground of our consciousness as a continual reminder 
not to stress disproportionately that first fact, let us 
come back to a further recognition and examination 
of it. 

Undoubtedly there has been a noticeable decline in 
emphasis on our so-called distinctive doctrines. They 
are not the chief staple of our preaching and writing, 
as they once were. Take the. subject of baptism, for 
example, Many of our ministers would have a hard 
time working up much enthusiasm in a discussion of 
the proper manner of observing this ordinance. They 
can state the matter as they see it in a few appropriate 
remarks, perhaps, but you can hardly imagine them 
waxing warm in a lengthy argument on the subject. 
And if they should, their audiences would probably 
begin to wonder what it was all about. 

All this leads inevitably to another very simple 
question: Why? It will do no -good to scold the 
preachers and not very much to exhort them on the 
subject. It will be more profitable to find out the 
reason for their apparent indifference if we can. 

The Best Defense Against Error 

There is no better safeguard against the "isms" 
of all sorts, with which the religious atmosphere is 
filled, than a thorough acquaintance with the Bible. 
The people who fall victims to these religious faddists 
are the people whose religious education has been 
neglected. Which means, in particular, that their un- 
derstanding of what the Bible teaches is very hazy 
and confused. 

This fact was borne in upon us, not very long ago, 
when we learned of a good brother who had just 
found new light, so much better and brighter than 
what he found in the church. Certain chapters had 
been lit up with an entirely new meaning. 

Now this last experience is perfectly normal, just 
what ought to be taking place constantly in Christian 
experience. The only abnormal thing about it is 'the 
delusion that one must run away from the church to 
get it, and follow after the music of some new one- 

horned orchestra. These new "isms" and "osophies" 
have a good deal of truth in them, undoubtedly. They 
would not go at all without this. And sometimes they 
serve a good purpose in calling attention to truth which 
has been too much neglected by the church. But the 
pity is that many are so fascinated by the little rift 
of sunshine breaking through the clouds of their long- 
standing ignorance and misunderstanding, that they do 
not see the dark mass of error which envelops it. 

The brother referred to could probably have had 
those precious chapters illumined before this, if he had 
applied himself to their study. If he has just come 
upon some unexpected help, let him use it and thank 
God for it. But the new truth he has found has been 
old truth this long while/o many of his brethren who, 
however, saw no necessity of swallowing all the non- 
sense which certain dispensers of it insist on serving 
with it. 

Perhaps the brother is not alone at fault. Perhaps 
the responsibility must be shared by the church, in 
that it did not surround him with the right kind of 
educational influence. But such incidents surely do 
reemphasize the great importance of a good grounding 
in Scripture truth. 

By this we mean not exactly what is often meant 
by indoctrination, though .it is in fact the very best 
kind of indoctrination. The need is not so much for 
systematic theology, whether given out under this 
name or a simpler one, though this may have its 
uses, as for a grasp of the structure and contents of 
the books of the Bible, just as they are. Whether 
for positive spiritual upbuilding or as a defense against 
false systems of religious teaching, there is nothing 
equal to this. ^_^^__^__ 

Even Love Sometimes Needs Help 

More than once Paul compares love and knowledge 
to the relative disadvantage of the latter. The one 
puffs up but the other builds up. The one passes 
away but the other endures. But he does not mean 
to say that knowledge is of no value. Without love 
it is worthless and may be even hurtful, but with this 
fine grace to temper it properly, it is very useful. 

Love without knowledge, though better than knowl- 
edge without love, is nevertheless greatly handicapped. 
It is the union of the two that secures the best results. 

Once Peter took Jesus and began to rebuke him. 
He meant no harm by it. His intentions were good. 
Jesus did not realize what he had said, Peter thought, 
and needed a little warning. It was an act of love, 
but it was also an act of ignorant presumption. 

Love that does not understand may hinder when it 
intends to help. It is better to know what you are 
talking about when you undertake to set things right. 
It is not wise, therefore, to look upon knowledge 
with scorn. It is better to seek it and use it, with 
love. ^__^___^_ 

The Greatest Battlefield 

" The deepest experiences of the soul are solitary 
of necessity, and the prayers of the ages bear witness 
that the sternest struggles of the soul have to be fought 
out in a great loneliness before God." 

Aye, verily. There's comfort and strength in the 
fellowship of prayer in the public congregation, there 
is another kind of help in the united intercession of 
a smaller group of congenial spirits, and the family 
altar makes its own peculiar contribution to spiritual 
development, but the most decisive conflicts are staged 
and the most glorious victories won on that privately- 
owned battleground where you and God have it out 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


Give to the Living 

If we gave unto the living as we lavish on the dead, 
Kindly^hongh.s and gentle phrases, tender words and 
friendly praises. ... 

Blotting out all imperfections, holding virtues up to 

the light; , 

If we left no daily token of our love and care unspoken- 
Then would life be well worth living .n a world all 
glad and bright. 
If we offered to the living, as we heap upon the dead, 
Fragrant flowers of affection, blossoms of sweet recollec- 

* Waiting not till hands are folded on the quiet, pulseless 

Then thTpassion of our pleading would not fall on ears 
Nor our tears fall, unavailing, on the weary form at 
If we gave unto the living as we lavish on the dead 
All on? hearts' long hidden treasure, all love's full, un- 
stinted measure, 
Adding, day by day, new jewels to the crown of human 

Thcn b n'fe ; s burdens would weigh lightly, and the sun 

would shine more brightly, 
And not heaven itself were fairer than a world as 

glad as this. 
-Ida Goldsmith Morris, in the "New York Times." 

The Opening for Doctrinal Teaching 


The previous article did not contain all relating to 
doctrinal teaching, that we have in mind. There is 
at least another phase of the subject that is entitled to 
some consideration. 

Let us approach the subject with this question: 
Is there an opening for a church that makes a specialty 
of doctrinal teaching? Another question: Could we 
be assured of better results by dropping out some of 
our doctrinal points? Still another: Has any church 
ever prospered the more by lowering her doctrinal 
standard? Answering the last question with, "Not 
any," may settle the second. This leaves the first 
question for consideration, and referring to this we. 
may say that the churches that are continuing stead- 
fastly to preach their respective doctrines, are find- 
ing openings, and plenty of them. What is there to 
hinder us with our splendid set of doctrines? Do we 
lack faith in our plea for the whole Gospel? Or 
have we lost faith in our ability to find open doors? 
Why not consider the practicability of making open- 
ings? This would be logical. Our plea is the whole 
Gospel for the whole world. With this proposition 
our place is everywhere, in every city and in every 
community. No city or community can become suf- 
ficiently overchurched to be justified in denying us 
the privilege of entering with our whole Gospel plea. 
In this respect our position before the world is 
unique. We have a message for every creature on 
earth, and our business, with this message, is to reach 
the people. We are entitled to the open door, and if 
none happens to be in sight, it is our privilege to make 
one. The Father's business demands that we should. 
And having the Father's business thus entrusted to 
us, are we to turn aside from the town having several 
churches, and not one of them teaching the full 
Gospel? Says one: Must we disturb the peace of a 
community with our whole list of doctrines when the 
people seem to be perfectly contented with their man- 
ner of church life? Another says: Let such people 
alone, and search out the communities where there are 
no churches. Are we, with the most complete doc- 
trinal system known, to limit our mission efforts to 
the communities that happen to be overlooked or neg- 
lected by the other denominations? Was that Mack's 
idea when he appeared upon the scene with his " whole 
Gospel" plea? How many new churches would we 
establish in the course of a generation, with such a 
policy? Not only this, but into the very communities 
that this policy would have us neglect, there would 
come the evangelists of persistent religious bodies, 

whose list of doctrines is not half as complete as 
ours We would stay out and let them enter. How 
is this for a church having entrusted to her keeping 
and preaching the full Gospel? We repeat that so 
lung as we propose to teach the " all things," set forth 
in the New Testament, our place is everywhere, in 
every community, town or city, and if there should 
fail to be an opening for us and our doctrine, our 
business is to see that one is made. 

When the Brethren started work in Chicago, they 
did not stop to count the number of churches in the 
city. They simply went to work, and it would be good 
if we had 500 churches in a city of that size. We did 
not count the steeples when we opened up work in 
New York, in Washington, or in any other city, and 
if we are to prove the true custodians for the New 
Testament claims, we are not going to concern our- 
selves about the number of churches in any commu- 
nity. If the people of any locality do not happen to 
have the full Gospel, it is our business to give it to 
them. Yes, there is an opening for us everywhere 
and when we get wide-awake, we will lift up our eyes 
and see such openings. 

Let us name just a few points relating to our claims. 
Among our claims there can be no well-founded ques- 
tion about our form of baptism— the form set forth 
in the formula, Matt. 28: 19, as given by Jesus him- 
self. He told his disciples to "teach all nations, 
baptizing them into the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Here we have the 
threefold immersion so plainly stated that no one ever 
understood it otherwise for a half dozen centuries. 
This was the form of baptism that Mack recom- 
mended to his associates in 1708 and to this day the 
Brethren have, in their faith and practice, known 
no other manner of administering the sacred rite. It 
being the apostolic form of baptism, the people of every 
community ought to know it, and be urged to accept 
it as such. To make this known is a part of our work, 
and every preacher in the Church of the Brethren 
should sufficiently acquaint himself with the subject 
to be able to give intelligent reasons for the practice. 
It is not sufficient to tell people that our manner of 
baptizing is by trine immersion. We must tell them 
that it is the only form of baptism known to the first 
Christian centuries, and then give the reasons for so 
stating. This is one of the very strong points in our 

When Mack began his reformatory work, he saw 
to it that the New Testament institutions were restored 
to their proper place in the church, and with us they 
still remain. The Christian world ought to know the 
reason fox this. They ought to know that all the 
churches should " keep the ordinances," just as Paul 
and other New Testament writers have passed them 
down to us. If the Brethren do not take it upon 
themselves to do this, who will? These ordinances 
belong to the " all things " to which we are intensely 
committed, and here lies a duty that we can not neg- 
lect) and remain true to our trust. 

In this brief manner we are naming the peace 
doctrine, of which Jesus was the real Author. His 
whole life meant peace on earth and good will to men. 
The masses, the world over, are sick and tired of 
war, but unfortunately most of the men in authority 
are not. Everything is ripe for introducing the peace 
claims into every community, and into every land. 
' It is not sufficient merely to state that the Church 
of the Brethren has always stood for universal peace 
among the nations of earth. For these stirring times 
this is tame. We need clear, ringing talk that will 
not only set forth the New Testament doctrine of 
peace, but information regarding what is going on in 
the interest of world-wide peace. 

Space will permit the naming of only one more 
great fundamental New Testament doctrine, and that 
is simplicity in the Christian attire. There are other 
vital doctrines but we can not name them at this time. 
In the matter of attire we have one of the great ques- 
tions of the day — a question that is full of evils and 
suggestive evils. For some generations the Brethren 
undertook to ward off these evils with some very 

commendable forms of dress. In this they were, in 
a large measure, successful, and with our modest and 
sensible attire, made a fine impression on the Christian 
as well as the non-Christian world. Of late years we 
are losing out on these forms, and from now on an 
effort to maintain New Testament simplicity is going 
to be far more difficult. But the doctrine belongs 
to the Gospel list all the same, and we could hardly 
name a doctrine of more general importance, and one 
that should be more thoroughly and intelligently em- 
phasized by both the pulpit and the religious press. A 
number of great trusts have, for the money there is 
in it, undertaken to tell, from one season to the other, 
how both saint and sinner must dress. It is not a 
matter of health, economy, morals, or even good com- 
mon sense, but a matter of making dress slaves of 
all the people of the land, in order that a few very 
rich firms may pile up still more millions of dollars. 
The people all over the land, in every community, 
ought to be warned of this great, growing evil. If 
the Brethren do not undertake the task, who will? 
The time is here for just that kind of work— a work 
in which millions of sensible people are interested, and 
many of whom would gladly cooperate with us in 
bringing about better conditions. 

These are a few of the great tasks that we need to 
set for ourselves, and for which we need to educate 
and inspire workers. It is not a matter of our seeking 
shelter under the wings of some strong and influential 
denomination. Our task is to unfurl the full Gospel 
Banner of Emmanuel, and lead out and influence 
other bodies, instead of their swerving us from the 
line of Christian duty. The task is a great one, and 
involves a duty that we owe to the common cause of 
Christianity and to the world at large. With all of 
our educational institutions, with the splendid body 
of young people, ready for training, and our fine pub- 
lishing plant, we ought to prove, by the help of God, 
that we are equal to the occasion. 

We have before us the report of a live-wire preacher, 
of a leading denomination, who was told that a certain 
city which he proposed to enter and take up work 
therein, was so overchurched that there was no room 
or material for another church. The preacher did not 
see it that way, and so he went to work, preaching 
more of the Gospel than the people had been hearing, 
but not over half as much as the Brethren's plea calls 
for, and inside of eight months, having started with 
a membership of twenty-five, he had three hundred 
and fifty. If one with half of the Gospel can thus 
enter an already occupied field, and make a success 
of his work, what ought to be expected of us, who 
claim to be the custodians of the whole Gospel? No 
use talking about comity or anything of that sort. 
The imperative duty of preaching the whole Gospel 
to all the people overrides comity in all its forms. 
What we need at this hour is thorough preparation, 
a full consecration, and a conviction that penetrates 
to the core. 

Sebring, Fla. —•-. 

As the Foreign Missionary on Furlough Sees 
the Church 


My observations, I admit, are very limited, being 
confined largely to congregations in the eastern part 
of the country. 

1. There are a few congregations that are alive 
and making real progress, working along the lines of 
our fathers. They have no pastors, of course, but 
the lack here is largely made up by the zeal and tact 
of the local ministry. All honor to such! 

2. There are many more congregations, without 
pastors, whose ministry, of necessity, are too busy to 
devote much time to the work of the church. Charity, 
with them, begins at home. They must provide a 
living for the family. The work of the Master, in 
such localities, lags. By the sorrowful admission of 
the ministry in such places, some congregations are 
merely holding their own, while others are losing out 
in numbers. This condition is almost incredible to 
a missionary whose sole passion is to see the church 
grow. Aye, it is heart-breaking! In these congre- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


gations, sad to relate, there are usually two factions 

the division of sentiment being due merely to 

method of carrying out the dress decision. I have 
noted that there is no progress so long as this one 
question takes up the whole time of the membership. 
Moreover, in those congregations where the preachers 
have no time to prepare their sermons, " the lambs 
look up but are not fed." This last information was 
given by some of the laity. With burning hearts we 
can only pray for such that they may get a vision of 
first things, as the Master sees. 

3. Other congregations have pastors, and progress 
here is in proportion to the sort of soil and the sort 
of pastor they have. One flock, one shepherd is, no 
doubt, the normal condition. 

4. The doctrines of the Church of the Brethren 
evidently take hold well in some localities, while in 
others they do not. It looks as if we ought to work 
and stay by the job, wherever we can make reason- 
able progress. We might do well to leave other sites. 
And yet, we have no board or bishop with authority 
to act, locating preachers, or transferring them -to 
more favorable locations. This will be true T>f us, 
too, so long as we do not have a more fully supported 
ministry. Here, in my judgment, is a source of great 
loss and lack. 

5. Young college ministers are not looked after, 
not sought, not encouraged, as much as they ought 
to be. They usually preach much too little. It is a 
greater thing for the father to inspire the boy with 
love and zeal for the work than for the father to do 
all the work himself, for shortly the work will be in 
the boy's hands, whether able and worthy of it or 
not. In some localities, there is too much distrust 
of the young at any rate. The young are more liberal 
than the parents, due to education, we easily admit. 
The young will doubtlessly work in the church, even 
as in business, by methods somewhat different from 
their fathers: but this can not, necessarily, mean less 
loyalty to the Master than the parents showed. At 
any rate, any hint of our distrust of the young can 
only work evil. They are our children and need our 
hearty sympathy and approval. A dog even responds 
better because of the smile of his owner. Moreover, 
if our work or method or principle be of God, the 
gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 

6. In my judgment^ we need a supported ministry, 
and some fund for the support of the aged and infirm. 
Else, will not pastors usually go where they can get 
the largest wage? A pastor, with a family, with no 
superannuated fund to look to, in old age, is only 
working on business principles when he goes where 
he can do best financially. Or if he lives on a mere 
pittance, till his family's need forces him to other 
expedients, may he not give up the pastorate, as some 
do, or be side tracked, in a measure, by selling some 
sort of stock, or by investing in stock for himself — 
all of which the true shepherd does well to avoid? 
How well the Church of the Brethren solves this 
question of the ministry or pastorate, is the measure 
by which to gauge our future prosperity, as I see it. 

All things considered, the future for our church 
is bright. The way we are running ahead in the 
matter of Sunday-school and Vacation Bible School 
work, the way we are forging ahead in the matter 
•of the education of our children in our own schools, 
the moral and spiritual phases of which are unparal- 
leled elsewhere ; the way our young people are dedicat- 
ing their lives to the service of the Master, anywhere; 
the way the whole church is responding to the cry 
of the lost and needy world — this, I say, spells victory 
and more victories in days to come. All of this is 
of the Spirit of God. His smile is upon us. The 
praise be his, forever and ever. 

Arabian Sea, nearing Bombay, Nov. if. 

Unauthorized Solicitations 


During the past year a number of letters have been 
written to the General Mission Board, asking infor- 
mation concerning certain independent interests, ap- 
pealing for help. Perhaps there ought to be a clearer 

understanding on this question, both on the part of 
those making the solicitations and those solicited. The 
advice of the General Conference on this question is 
very explicit. 

The ruling of Conference is found in the " Minutes 
of Annual Meetings," page 831. This decision was 
passed in 1906, and the query with its answer is as 
follows : 

" Inasmuch as there is an inclination to solicit the 
General Brotherhood for building meetinghouses and 
other purposes, which is causing dissatisfaction in some 
places, as well as interfering with the General Mission 
Work of the church, the General Missionary and Tract 
Committee requests this Annual Meeting to adopt the 
following plan for securing help: 

"Whenever help is desired by any congregation or mis- 
sion point, it shall first solicit its own congregation : 
then, by permission of the District Mission Board, solicit 
the District in which the congregation is located. Then, 
if further help is needed, said congregation shall petition 
the General Missionary and Tract Committee — the peti- 
tion first being endorsed by the District Mission Board. 

"Answer by Annual Conference: Request granted." 

The method of procedure is clear. First, the local 
church or mission point must do all it can for itself. 
Second, it can request help from the District in which 
it is located, by permission of the District Mission 
Board. Third, help may be secured from the General 
Brotherhood by petitioning the General Mission Board, 
after the petition has been endorsed by the District 
Mission Board. 

The plan was passed for protection. It prevents 
unworthy causes from being presented to our churches. 
It does not prevent worthy enterprises from presenting 
their needs to the Brotherhood. It gives strength to 
the appeal. A call having the endorsement of both 
the District Mission Board and the General Mission 
Board surely ought to bring greater responses than 
an independent plea. Therefore there ought to be an 
eagerness, on the part of a mission point, to have these 
provided endorsements. A work having value or excel- 
lence, will receive eager attention to its call for aid, 
both on the part of the District Mission Boards and 
the General Mission Board. Hence, there is no reason 
for an independent mission point, church, or a church 
enterprise, to appeal to the Brotherhood without 
proper endorsements. 

Not only do those, who make independent pleas, 
need to study this question. Local congregations are 
responsible, in a large way, for promiscuous solicita- 
tions. If local churchea and Sisters' Aid Societies 
would investigate the calls that come to them, and 
refuse to support unauthorized projects, the solicita- 
tions would end. 

There are only two mission enterprises, at present, 
that have been given privilege to make a general solici- 
tation over the Brotherhood. The Mexican Industrial 
School, Falfurrias, Texas, has been granted the privi- 
lege- to solicit $10,000 for the development .of that 
work. Also, the District Mission Board of Northern 
California was given permission to solicit for a sum 
not to exceed $15,000 for the Oakland Church Build- 
ing. The list is not long and it ought not to be hard 
for Christian stewards, seeking to invest the Lord's 
money wisely, to keep these two worthy calls in mind 
and exclude all others until they present proper cre- 
dentials to solicit. 

Elgin, III ,«. 



One of the strongest forces that bind together human 
beings is friendship. It is often stronger than death. 
Examples are not wanting, in which persons have 
sacrificed their lives for their friends. Jesus says, in 
John 15 : 13, " Greater love has no man than this, that 
a man lay down his life for his friends." 

Friendship is of two kinds — divine and human. Di- 
vine friendship is generated by the love of God, human 
friendship by human affection. Friendship may also 
be classified as true friendship and false. Divine 
friendship is illustrated by that which existed between 
God and Abraham, as stated in James 2: 23, " Abra- 
ham believed God and it was imputed unto him for 
righteousness and he was called the friend of God." 

True friendship is based on proof. God proved his 
friendship for Abraham by protecting him against all 
his enemies and bestowing upon him great riches, by 
speaking with him personally, as friend to friend, and 
promising to make his seed as the stars of heaven, and 
that in his seed alt the nations of the earth should be 
blessed. , ; 

Abraham showed his trust in God by leaving home, 
friends and native land, and setting out for a far 
country, not knowing his destination, believing that God 
would direct him where to go. He further showed his 
friendship for the true God by the altars he built for 
him in a land of idolatrous neighbors and, above all, in 
being willing to offer up his only son upon an altar, 
after having received the promise that in his seed all 
the nations of the earth should be blessed. He stum- 
bled not at God's commands, nor did he doubt his 
promise. This is divine friendship. 

Human friendship, based on mere human affection, 
may exist even among heathen nations who know not 
the true God. Among the most interesting friendships 
of this kind, recorded in history, is that of Damon and 
Pythias — two citizens of the Greek colony of Syra- 
cuse, in Sicily, about the year 400 B. C. Pythias had 
offended the ruler and tyrant of Syracuse, who sen- 
tenced Pythias to be put to death. The latter had 
property and relatives in Greece, and asked permis- 
sion of the tyrant to go there and settle up his affairs 
before his execution, promising to be back before the 
day appointed for his death. The tyrant, Dionysius, 
was astounded at so bold a request, believing that once 
out of the clutches of his executors, he would remain 
out. Just then Damon, another Greek, stepped up and 
offered to be security for the return of his friend, 
Pythias. Dionysius determined to put this wonderful 
friendship to the test, and he let Pythias go. Time 
fled all too rapidly among friends, and the day set for 
his return was here. When he came to a river, it was 
swollen by the rains, and could not be forded, but he 
plunged in boldly and swam across, and ran to make 
up for lost time. Next a robber stopped him, but he 
picked up a stick, knocked down the robber, and ran 
on. '! 

At the other end of the journey, a large crowd had 
assembled to witness the execution. The very hour 
had come, but Damon was calm and positive that his 
friend would yet come in time. Just then the crowd 
was Attracted by the dust in the road at a distance, and 
they saw a man running toward them, waving his 
hands. In a few more moments, Pythias rushed into 
the arena, embraced his friend Damon, and offered 
himself to be executed. Dionysius was astounded, and 
promptly pardoned Pythias, and asked both the friends 
to come before his judgment seat. There he requested 
that he be enrolled as the third of such undying friend- 
ship. This illustrates friendship based on human af- 

Among all the human friendships, recorded in the 
Bible, there is none stronger or more beautiful than 
that of Jonathan and David. Jonathan was the son of 
King Saul, and heir to the throne. David was but a 
shepherd boy. Socially the two stood far apart, but 
when David slew the giant Goliath, and rescued the 
Children of Israel from defeat, Jonathan felt a pro- 
found admiration and affection for David. He stript 
himself of his royal robe, his bow and sword, and even 
his girdle, and gave them to David, whom he loved as 
his own- soul. When his father, King Saul, out of 
jealousy, tried to put David to death, Jonathan risked 
his own life to save that of David. The affection of 
David for Jonathan was equally strong, and when 
Jonathan met his untimely death in battle, David com- 
posed one of the most sublime productions to the mem- 
ory of Jonathan, as we find it in 2 Sam. 1 : 19-27: " I 
am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan. Very 
pleasant hast thou been unto me. Thy love to me was 
wonderful, passing the love of woman." 

The dearest friendship to us on earth is that ex- 
pressed by our Savior: "Ye are my friends if ye do 
whatsoever I command you." This friendship is with- 
in reach of all of us.- Its value is beyond measure. It 
is a friendship between the Deity and fallen human 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 




Held at HarrUburg, Pa, Dec. 29 and 36, 1922 

This meeting was well attended by representatives of 
two Districts of Maryland, three Districts of Pennsyl- 
vania, and by a number of superintendents and others who 
lived .near. There were no delegates from Western Mary- 
land, Southern Pennsylvania and Middle Pennsylvania. 
Being in the very heart of a cluster of our members, the 
indifference io the Conference was apparent in the lack of 
the attendance on the part of those who lived near. 

The first speaker brought out a number of escntials, to 
be considered in building a program of teaching for a 
Stale District— such as the necessity of arousing interest, 
unity of the action of District Boards, differences in the 
needs. of Districts, and the necessity of previews of our 

Bro. Holsopple gave a stirring appeal for a program in 
the local church. We must face our problems. The pull in 
other directions is great today. We must plan a teaching 
program. We must carefully plan our labor, so as to use 
all, and then go at it. The church must sense her task. 
Planning must consider the various ages in the church. 
The church must be a challenge to the young in her fold. 
The church is not a place to get service, but a dynamic 
through which God does service in the world for Christ. 
Bro. Holsopple especially emphasized the importance of 
the Bible, in backing his appeal, with many references. He 
also emphasized the need of pastors getting together in 
conferences under Spirit-filled leaders, to work out their 
problems. We have come to a new day in our leadership 
since conference, in 1917, sanctioned the idea of pastors. 
These are coming to be a group of key-leaders in the 
church and upon them falls largely the direction of our 

The second day's work was opened by Bro. R. D. 
Murphy, who took up the Adult Department of the Sun- 
day-school. His concrete examples, of what has been done 
through this department, were masterful and convincing. 
We wish a thousand people could have caught this inspira- 
tion. Bro. H. K. Obcr brought before the meeting a 
splendid appeal for the program of the children. 

In the afternoon Pastor W. K. Conner, of Harrisburg, 
opened the discussion on the work of our young people. 
His burden was: "Back to the Holy Spirit." No program 
for these important peopje in our congregations will be 
efficient without enlisting them in its provision and execu- 

Sister Martha Martin presented the importance of a 
program for the homes — how it may be done and what it 
should include. We hope her paper and remarks may ap- 
pear in the "Messenger" later. 

Discussions followed each subject. This was our first 
attempt at such a conference. We are gratified, though 
much more should have been done to get down "to brass 
tacks." The tendency is ever to generalize and to admonish 
and to theorize. The fact that few have attempted to work 
out a program, even in the church or in the Sunday-school, 
was apparent. When will we learn to define our goals and 
then plan a program to attain to them? Jesus had a definite 
aim. We should have such aims. " The world gets out of 
the way for the man who knows where he is going." 

A committee on findings was appointed early in the 
sessions. Its report follows: 

1. We recommend definite preparation for Christian work in the 
local church. 

2. We recommend a constructive program of Christian education 
in the local chuftch. 

3. We recommend the formation of Boards of Religious Education 
from the local churches up, rather than from the District Boards 

4. We recommend, to the Districts, a tour among the churches in 
the interest of Daily Vacation Bible Schools. 

5. We recommend variations of the District programs, so as to 
meet the needs of the various Dislricts. 

6. Wc recommend the correlation of work of the various boards 
of the Districts, more efficiently to meet the needs of the Districts, 
that there may he no overlapping or vacancies in the work. 

7. Boards should carefully preview their work before executing 
their programs. v 

8. We recommend that the great opportunity of the Organized 
Adult Bible Class be laid before our Sunday-schools, together with 
due emphasis on proper motive and worthy purpose. 

9. We urgently recommend that, as individuals and as churches, 
we desire and seek the anointing of the Holy Spirit, that we may 
recognize him as Leader in every thought and activity. 

These resolutions were adopted by the meeting. No 
definite program was worked out for any phase of the 
church work, either in the region, in a State District, in a 
church, or in any department of any church. No principles 
were discovered and definitely tabulated, upon which others 
might work out such programs. No committee was pro- 
vided to continue in such findings or to encourage further 
conferences, looking to such results. 

Upon consideration we find that Eastern Maryland had 
but one representative who attended 50 per cent of the 
Conference; Middle Maryland had one who attended 30 
per cent; Western Maryland had none; Western Pennsyl- 
vania had two who attended each 75 per cent; Middle 
Pennsylvania had none; Southern Pennsylvania had one 

Eld. Jacob Delp 

person who attended 25 per cent; Southeastern Pennsyl- 
vania had one who attended 50 per cent; Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania had seven with an average attendance of 60 per cent 
outside of Harrisburg. This makes an attendance of thir- 
teen outside of Harrisburg, with an average of 68 per cent 
of the time. What shall the next meetings show? Watch 
these columns. , , . Ezra Flory. 


Elder Jacob Delp was born May 1, 1833, in Northampton 
County, Pa., and died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Henry Keltner, near Kent, 
111., Dec. 20, 1922, at the age 
of eighty-nine years, seven 
months and twenty days. 
When he was about four 
years old, his father died, 
and soon after he came, with 
his mother, to Ohio. He was 
there placed in the family of 
Eld. Daniel Fry. At the age 
of fifteen he^ with the Fry 
family, came to Illinois, lo- 
cating for a short time in 
Dublin, but soon moved on 
a farm adjoining the church- 
house. He was put out as 
an apprentice for a carpen- 
ter when he was eighteen years old. 

July 14, 1853, he married Miss Nancy Frey, who preceded 
him about two and a half years. There were six'children 
— Josiah Franklin, who died in infancy; Mrs. Phoebe 
Keltner, of Pearl City; Sylvanus E. Delp, of Murdock, 
Kans., who preceded him in death only a few months; 
Chas. Delp, of Lanark, 111.; Mrs. Addie Blocher, of Pearl 
City; Geo. W. Delp, of Savanna, 111. 

Bro. Delp and wife united with the Church of the 
Brethren soon after their marriage. The date is not 
known, but he was placed in the office of deacon in his 
early wedded life. Soon after that he was elected to 
the ministry, in which he served faithfully all his years, 
except the last few, when his health and strength had 
failed him. He was advanced to the full ministry about 
twenty years ago. 

Bro. Delp leaves two half-sisters, four children, thirty- 
one grandchildren, twenty-six great-grandchildren and 
one great-great-grandchild. 

Bro. Delp had his first experience in farming with an 
ox-team, on the farm adjoining the Yellow Creek church. 
He lived three-quarters of a century in this vicinity, and 
has seen the pioneer days pass into modern life. Their 
home was known far and wide, and under their roof many 
a weary traveler rested, while hundreds were housed dur- 
ing love feasts and other occasions. No needy one was 
ever turned away. He performed many marriages, and 
officiated at many funerals, and also administered to the 
needs of the sick and dying, far and wide. He spent a 
good deal of his time preaching. There was no room in 
his heart for speculative theology. He believed implicitly 
in the Word, without modern modifications. Just after 
his death, one of his fellow-craftsmen said: "No better 
man ever lived." 

Often Bro. Delp would sing some hymn, such as, "A 
Charge to Keep I Have," or "A Few More Years Shall 
Roll." His aim was to live v solely for the change that 
awaited him. 

His remains were laid to rest in the old graveyard near 
the Yellow Creek house, where he lived and labored so 
long. Services by Eld. P. R. Keltner, assisted by Eld. A, 
Kuhleman. D. L. Blocher. 

Pearl City, 111. _^, 


A friend has just dropped in to borrow a book, "What 
a Woman of Forty-five Ought to Know." The Self-Help 
series of books is fine, and much other good literature can 
be broVght to our notice through the Mothers and 
Daughters' Society. Many mothers, as well as girls, would 
live better and more helpful lives if they simply knew 
better. Surely the Mothers and Daughters' Meetings are a 
means of education. 

Just now — early in the year — is the time to organize for 
the year's work. Maybe you have already done so. Im- 
mediately after the new organization, we make out the 
program for the whole year. A number of topics are 
written on the blackboard where all can see. From these 
are selected subjects or topics for the year. The program 
committee makes out the program in detail, arranging 
a subject for each month, and a speaker for each, respec- 
tively. The speaker thus has ample time to prepare a 
paper. The paper may be followed by general discussion 
or round table. We have also book reviews and recita- 
tions, as well as special music. The younger members 
assist in all of these. 

At the Mothers and Daughters' Meetings, during the 
Annual Conference at Winona Lake, in 1922, so many good 
things were presented in the daily program, that the Asso- 
ciation considered them worthy of preservation. According- 
ly a Literature Committee was appointed to collect, compile 

and have published the articles and poems. This was done. 
The object is to have this small book distributed among 
local organizations for inspiration and instruction. Our own 
local society has already ordered a dozen of the booklets 
and more are wanted. Sister Catharine Beery Van Dyke, 
of Winona Lake, Ind., superintendent of the Mothers and 
Daughters' work, is in possession of an ample supply of 
the booklets. They may be had at fifteen cents each. The 
latter goes to pay the printer's bill. You will certainly be 
pleased with your purchase, for a number of the articles 
are worth more than the cost of the booklet. 

Virden, 111. Mrs. Elizabeth Howe Brubaker. 


The annual Bible Institute will be held at Elizabcthtown 
College Jan. 20-28. Jan. 20, 7:30 P. M., Illustrated Lecture, 
Views Abroad.— Prof. S. B. Landis. Jan. 21, 7:30 P. M.,» 
Sermon, The Joys of Salvation.— S. M. Stouffer. 

The regular instructors are as follows: A. C. Wieand, 
three periods daily, Jan. 22-26, morning lectures at 10:30, 
on Church Ordinances; afternoon, 2:00, Epistolatory 
Study; evening, 7:00, Your Prayer Life and Spiritual 
Power; Conditions and Methods of Fruitful Bible Study; 
What Does It Mean to Accept Jesus Christ? Temptation 
and How to Overcome It; The Higher Spiritual Life. 

S*. S. Blough, two periods daily, Jan. 22-26, morning, 
10:30, Parable Studies; afternoon, 2:00, Supreme Oppor- 
tunity of the Sunday-school; The Pastor and the Sunday- 
school; Teacher-training with the Greatest Teacher; The 
Minister and Spirituality in the Church; Maintaining the 
Doctrine in Our Transition. 

J. M. Pittenger, one period, afternoon, 1:30, Missions. 

Other speakers as follows: Jan. 22, 9 A. M., Individual 
Growth and Improvement. — S. H. Hertzler. 8 P. M., 
Sermon, The Breaking of the Sea. — J. A. Long. 

Jan. 23, 9 A. M., Lines of Progress to Be Encouraged — 
■S. H. Hertzler. 8 P. M., Sermon. — J. H. Longenecker. 

Jan. 24, 9 A. M., Christian Means of Grace.— J. H. Wit- 
mer. 8 P. M. Lecture, Henry Ward Beecher. — Dr. Newell 
Dwight Hillis. 

Jan. 25, 9 A. M., My Concern for the "Future Church — 
S. R. Zug. .8 P. M., Sermon.— C. L. Baker. 

Jan. 26, 9 A. M., Relation of Old to Young.— John Herr. 
8 P. M., Sermon. — John Herr. 

Jan. 27, Ministerial Program, 9 A. M. Growing an Effi- 
cient Ministry.— S. S. Blough. Address.— J. H. Longe- 
necker. Prayer and the Ministry of the Word. — A. C. 
Wieand. Sunday-school Program, 1:30 P. M. Address.— 
H. K. Ober. The Rationale of Graded Lessons. — A. C. 
Wieand. The Sunday-school Promoting into the Church. 
— S. S. Blough. Educational Program, 7 P. M. Christian 
Education. — A. C. Wieand. Educational Address. — Rev. 
John A. McSparren. 

Jan. 28, 10 A. M., Sermon, The Ultimate Source of Help. 
— S. S. Blough, Missionary Program,-2 P. M. Address by 
Returned Missionary from India. — J. M. Pittenger. Dis- 
cussion by Returned Missionary from China. — Bessie 
Rider. A Sacrifice that Cost. — Jas. M. Moore. 6:45, Loy- 
alty to Christ and the Church. — S. S. Blough. Sermon. — 
A. C. Wieand. . „. . 


Bro. A. F. Shriver was born near Louisville, Ohio, Sept. 
12, 1870, and died Dec. 15, 1922, aged fifty-two years, three 
months and three days. He 
was reared on a farm and 
attended the rural school. 
After he had finished his 
rural school course, he at- 
tended high school. He be- 
gan to teach school at 
the age of twenty-two and 
taught for seventeen years. 
During that time he attended 
Normal School at Ada, 
Ohio, for two years. Through 
all his years of teaching, he 
had the confidence of his 
pupils and the good will of 
the householders. During a 
part of that time he was 
superintendent of the schools 
Eld. A. F. Shriver q{ ^ townsh j p , 

Bro. Shriver married Sister Jennie Culler March 20, 
1898. Their home was blessed with two daughters, Ruth 
and Helen. As a husband and father he did his part to 
make home pleasant and comfortable. 

Early in life he accepted Christ as his Savior, and was 
devoted to his service, active in Sunday-school and church 
work. June 18, 1908, the Canton Center church called him 
to the ministry. He at once accepted the call, and, feeling 
that the ministry was a greater calling than teaching, he 
gave up t^pching, to devote his time to the ministry. 

Bro. Shriver gave practically all his ministerial labors 
to the mission work of the Northeastern District of Ohio. 
Soon after he was called to the ministry, the Home Mis- 
sion Board saw the need of placing some one in the city 
of Akron, and requested Brother and Sister Shriver to 
take up the work. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


They entered upon their duties in the spring of 1909, in 
a small store-room on South Main Street. Some time 
later an organization was effected, with fifty-eight charter 
members. They soon outgrew their place of worship, and 
a new church was built. A large part of the responsibility 
rested on Bro. Shriver. He rendered faithful service at 
that place for seven years. During that time the church 
grew to a membership of over two hundred. Then the 
Home Mission Board saw fit to transfer them to New 

Upon moving to New Philadelphia, they again entered 
upon their duties, with only a few members and a small 
old churchhouse. The work took on new life, and in a 
few years the Home Mission Board arranged to build 
a new house of worship. Much of this work was placed 
upon Bro. Shriver. He labored here for six years, at the 
expiration of which time the membership had grown to 
over one hundred. He was compelled to give up his 
work Sept. 1, 1922, because of internal cancer. 

His health began to fail about two years ago. During 
that time he underwent a serious operation which, for a 
time, seemed to be a success, but later the same affliction 
preyed upon him again, and he was soon beyond medical 
help. He endured his suffering patiently, being unable 
to take any food for almost a month. Gradually he grew 
weaker, but he remained conscious almost to the end. 

He was anointed before he had his operation, and again 
a few months before he died. During bis sickness many 
earnest prayers were offered in behalf of his recovery, but 
God saw fit to take him to his reward. 

He was active in various lines of church work. For a 
number of years he served oi\the Ministerial Board; also 
on committees inside and outside of the District, besides 
having the oversight of several churches- 
Funeral services were to have been held at the Center 
church, but owing to the fact that so many expressed 
their intention of -attending the funeral, it was thought 
that the church would be too small to accommodate the 
people. The members of the Reformed Church kindly 
offered their church — the largest in Louisville. This was 
filled to its capacity. At least eight hundred people came 
to pay the last tribute of respect to one who served his 
day so well. 

The discourse was delivered by Eld. H. H. Helman, of 
Ashland, President of the Home Mission Board, assisted 
by the writer, Secretary of the Board. 

He is survived by his companion, two daughters, his 
aged parents, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Shriver, and one sister. 

Louisville, Ohio. M. M. Taylor. 


A special Bible Institute will be held at Dalcville College, 
Daleville, Va., Jan. 15-20. 

Division A. Special Bible Lectures, Monday to Thurs- 
day. The speakers, with time and daily subjects, are as 
follows: 10:20 A. M., The Gospel of Christian Experience 
— W. M. Kahle. 11:05 A. M., The Bible and Missions.— 
W. B. Stover. 11:50 A. M., No Ruts in the Gospel "Go 
Ye." — Geo. W. Flory. What the Bible Means to Me. — Dr. 
J. W. Smith. Address, Dr. Reeves. Divine Kingship. — 
Dr. John F. Vine. 1:15 P. M., the Gospel of Universal 
Peace. — J. A. Dove. The Bone Dry "Go Ye." — T. S. 
Moherman. The "Go Ye" of Christian Education. — E. C. 
Crumpacker. Our Young People and the "Go Ye." — C. H. 
Shamberger. 2:15 P. M., The Bible and Stewardship. — 
W. B. Stover, and Present Problems in India. 7:30 P. M. 
Illustrated Lecture. — W. B. Stover. Illustrated Lecture 
on Stewardship. — C. H. Shamberger. 

Division B. Regional Joint Boards Day. Friday, 10:20 
A, M., Some Fundamental Principles of Religious Educa- 
tion. — Minor C. Miller. Stewardship, God's Word for This 
Generation. — C. H. Shamberger. Meeting the Present Day 
Emergencies. — W. B. Stover. Afternoon session, 1:20. Sec- 
tional Conferences. General Conferences. 

Division C. Joint District Institute of First and Southern 
Districts, Friday, 7:30 P. M. The Story Telling Method.— 
Minor C. Miller. Organization of Young People. — C. H. 
Shamberger. Saturday, 10 A. M. The Sunday-school and 
Missions. — W. B, Stover. Some Tendencies in Religious 
Education. — C. S. Ikenberry. Art, the Handmaid of Reli- 
gion. Organization of Young People. — C. H. Shamberger. 
1 P. M. Discussion of Program of District Sunday-school 
Board and Local School. 


The Eglon congregation has had the pleasure of holding 
its sixteenth annual Bible Institute. Dec. 24 our Bible 
study began, with Bro. Marshall Wolf, of Chicago, as 
instructor. He taught "The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit" 
in the forenoon period, explaining the working of the Holy 
Spirit in the lives of the people. In the afternoon he taught 
"The Doctrine of Prayer.'' 

Bro. Foster Biddinger taught from St. Luke's Gospel 
until Thursday, when Bro. Edw. K. Zeigler, of Shamokin, 
Pa., took up "The Study of Missions in the Old and New 
Testaments," and also "The Missions of Today in Foreign 
Countries and in Our Own Land." 

Bro. Jonas Fike had a period each day of Bible quota- 
tions — the congregation giving the verses, which were then 

commented on. We also *had a talk each day by some 
brother or sister on subjects which were interesting and 
helpful to all. We had a song period each forenoon, with 
Sister Allie K. Leatherman as chorister. In connection 
witli these were recitations and essays by the young people. 
Bro. Wolf preached for us each evening during the week. 
His sermons were for every one— both young and old. 

Dec. 31 was a special Missionary Day, with prayer and 
talks iu behalf of missions. In the afternoon we listened 
to a missionary sermon by Bro. Wolf. The Sunday-school 
teachers and officers for the coming year were installed on 
this day. During the meeting the Sunday-school gave an 
offering of $77.50 for the Italian church of Brooklyn. The 
attendance was good throughout, and at each service we 
heard a fine message under the direction and guidance of 
the Holy Spirit. Six children accepted Jesus and were 

baptized Dec. 31. ^^ Goldie Judy. 


3"his Christmas season has been a joyous one for the 
Central Avenue Church. When we learned of the plans of 
the Home Department of the General Mission Board, for- 
the Sunday-schools to aid the Italian Mission in Brooklyn, 
we decided to have a White Gift service entitled, "No 
Room in the Inn." Prof. McCorkle, of the Kansas City 

University, who has been directing bur music, began at 
once working out the music, while those in charge of the 
needed preparations also began their work. 

The program was given Dec. 17, and was appreciated by . 
all. When the call was made for the gifts, the mothers, 
in behalf of their babies, who were on the Cradle Roll. 
deposited their gifts in a tiny white cradle. The beginners 
also put their money in a cradle. The Primaries, Juniors 
and young people brought their offerings to the manger in 
various ways. The junior boys had a white pennant pinned 
full of one dollar bills, while the young people had a 
white stocking to the toe of which they had pinned a 
streamer of one dollar bills. Before the program we had 
hoped to raise $100, but when the offerings were counted, 
there was $168— $100 of which will go to the Italian 
church and the balance for local charity. In addition to 
these gifts of substance there were many pledges of service 
for the coming year. 

However, the climax of the Christmas season was 
reached on Sunday morning, Dec. 24, when otfr pastor 
gave the invitation at the close of his sermon and when 
two young girls came forward. They were baptized Dec. 
31. Since our last report three have been received by 
letter - Mae Hylton Harman. 

The Forward Movement Department 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Director 


C. H. SHAMBERGER, Auittant 

Steps in Stewardship 

The earth did not belong to my ancestors; they 
could not give it to me. 

It will not belong to my children ; I cannot bequeath 
it to them. 

It does belong to God; he entrusts a share of its 
care to me. I am his steward. 

Stewards are not required to be wealthy or brilliant ; 
but they are required to be faithful. 

The tithe is an acknowledgment that all I have 
belongs to God. I am his debtor. The tithe is not a 
freewill offering. It is a debt to God for his work. 
To withhold it is to rob God. By carefully observing 
stewardship in financial matters, I become a faithful 
steward of God's property. Stewardship includes the 
use of all talents for God. 

One generation of Christians influences the coming 
generations, and the number of Christian servants 
and Christian workers will increase. 

One-tenth of the income, received by each one 
hundred Christians, will equip for Christian service 
and adequately maintain, at least ten who are called 
to devote all their time to God's service. — Exchange. 

Children Teaching Stewardship 

During the holidays a letter reached us, enclos- 
ing two dollars. " These have a bit of history con- 
nected with them," said Bro. W. H. Yoder, of Mor- 
rill, Kans., who had sent them. He explained that 
they were the gifts of two boys, one eleven and the 
other twelve years of age. The boys had earned a 
little money, and, after hearing sermons on steward- 
ship, they had decided to give a tenth. 

We find ourselves agreeing with Bro. Yoder when 
he says : " I am inclined to believe that a generation 
of such teaching and practice will make a great 
change in the blessings that may come to the Church 
of the Brethren." 

During the financial canvass of 1920 a con- 
gregation had a quota assigned which, at first, seemed 
far beyond what they would be able to subscribe. 
But after a thorough presentation of the needs and 
careful planning, the amount was oversubscribed. 
One, who had an important part in the work, tells 
an interesting experience. 

In a home where the father, mother and a boy of 
intermediate age were members, each of the parents 
decided to contribute twenty cents weekly toward 
the amount the congregation was raising. When 
those making the canvass asked the son what he was 
planning to give, he answered at once that he had 
decided to give fifteen cents per week. The father 
told, him that he didn't believe he could give that 
much, but the son said that he knew he could. He 
said he was spending that much every week for things 

he could as well get along without, and he could 
surely give up some of those to give it here. 

In the division of the territory, this lad was given 
a certain section, to act as collector for the funds. 
The example of this one boy had a powerful influence 
in the giving of the congregation. 

A local church decided to make out a budget 
to cover all items of expense. When the pledges were 
made, no less than six children under ten years of 
age had made subscriptions for the year. The amounts 
were not large but the records of the treasurer show 
that none paid more regularly than the children. And 
small as the amounts were, it was revealed that these 
children, out of their meager earnings, actually gave 
more than some older people with large incomes. 

It is sometimes true, in matters of stewardship, 
that "a little child shall lead them." 

Who Supports the General Work? 

A study of the giving for the present fiscal year, 
up to Dec. 1, shows that there are 249 congregations 
which have not yet sent any contributions for the 
general work of the church. This means that fewer 
than 800 congregations have contributed. 

At that time the Waterloo, Iowa, congregation had 
sent in $2,174.76, which was the largest amount cred- 
ited to any single congregation. The La Verne, Cali- 
fornia, congregation stood second, with $2,058.84. 
The Manchester, Ind., congregation was third, with 
$2,056.84. The Chicago congregation had sent in 
$1,609.61, and the church at Elizabethtown, Pa., 

The District of Eastern Pennsylvania showed the 
largest total amount, having contributed $12,805.93. 
The lowest amount by any one District was $13.25. 
In several Districts practically every church had con- 
tributed, while in others the majority had not. 

It is evident from the record of local congregations 
that a comparatively small percentage of the churches 
is giving most of the money for missions and the other 
general work of the church, represented in the For- 
ward Movement. It is also plain that the churches 
which give most liberally are the ones which are giv- 
ing regularly, instead of once or twice during the 

The fiscal year closes February 28. Already letters 
are coming from churches which set definite appor- 
tionments for themselves, telling how they are making 
every effort to reach or oversubscribe their apportion- 

The special offerings at Thanksgiving and for the 
Italian chureh in Brooklyn have changed the above 
figures and there are always decided changes toward 
the close of the fiscal year, as congregations seek lo 
reach their apportionments. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


Two Views of Life 

Port II.— The Optimist 

But are there not many people who constantly live 
on the brighter side of life and whose life philosophy 
is that of optimism? Will we not be the happier, and 
more contented if we enjoy the sunshine when the 
sun does shine, and then appreciate the clouds and the 
water when it rains? The optimist knows it will not 
rain forever. It never has and never will. Behind the 
clouds the sun is still shining. If his hay or his grain 
get wet, he rejoices that the corn has received a good 
shower. He enjoys the roses at his window— not 
because they have thorns— but because the flowers are 
so beautiful and fragrant. 

If you meet him at church, on the street, or at his 
work you always find him wearing a smile. He sees 
the bright and cheery side of life. If you ask him how 
he gets along, he will not pour out his complaints upon 
you. even though he may have his share of ills and 
hardships. He realizes that you have your troubles 
and do not need or want to be burdened unnecessarily 
with his. He knows, too, that there are so many 
wholesome and pleasant things in life that it is far 
more worth while and more agreeable, to you and to 
himself, to talk about these good things than about 
troubles and complaints. He is kept younger and hap- 
pier by looking for and dwelling upon the sweets and 
joys of life; and others, consequently, are made hap- 
pier and more cheerful just to be in his presence. 

He knows that, as far as he is concerned, life will 
be just about as sweet as he makes it. It has become 
a second nature to him to look for all the harmonies, 
amenities and joys of life that are possible for him 
to find. He never gets the blues. He never worries 
or frets because things seem to go wrong. He never 
talks unkindly about his neighbors. He delights to be 
courteous, kind and helpful. He will cheerfully go 
the second mile. He enjoys life and finds life worth 
living. While he realizes that there are ills in life, and 
that there are many heinous crimes and gross immor- 
alties, on almost every hand, he knows that Christ still 
reigns, and that the church, society, the government, 
and the world in general, are not all wrong, and are 
not going to the dogs, despite the arguments of his 
pessimistic brother. 

Now, which of these two men will be the better 
citizen? Which will make the greater contribution 
to the progress of the world? Which will live the 
more worth-while life and do the most for Christ? 
Into which class do you fit? 

Chicago, III. , » . 

Need of Greater Illumination 


There is little benefit in retrospective investigation 
unless it results in more aggressive effort. To know 
that there are 100,000,000 people in the United States, 
and that the Church of the Brethren, consisting of 
100,000 members, constitutes the one-thousandth part 
of this population, means but little in itself. But when 
we realize that this membership is not congregated 
in one city, nor in one State, nor even in one section 
of the republic, but that it is in practically every part 
of the land — forming a few more than 1,000 churches, 
with an average of about 100 communicants to each 
congregation — then we are sure that these churches 
are just so many centers from which should radiate 
the illuminative Christ Message. How these centers 
do shine when properly connected with the great 
" Light of the World " ! 

It is gratifying to know that Pennsylvania has 149 
of these centers; Indiana, 128; Ohio, 110; Virginia, 
100; Kansas, 65; Illinois, 54; Iowa, 39; Maryland and 
Missouri, each, 34; California, 32; Michigan, 27; 
Tennessee and West Virginia, each, 26 ; North Dakota 
and Washington, each, 20 ; North Carolina, 19 ; 
Nebraska and Oklahoma, each, 18; Colorado, 14; 

Minnesota, 12; Idaho, 10; Oregon and Texas, each, 
9 ; Wisconsin, 5 ; Arkansas, Florida, New York and 
Montana, each, 4; Delaware, Arizona and New 
Mexico, each, 2. In each of the States of Alabama, 
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jer- 
sey, South Dakota, South Carolina and the District 
of Columbia, there is at least one of these centers. 
We regret that there are not many more in each of 
these States. It seems almost incredible that the 
New England States, as well as Nevada, Utah and 
Wyoming, have none of our churches. 

These figures should inspire us to more faithful 
service. As a church, we are well along in the third 
century of our organized efforts. Our future numer- 
ical growth will be largely determined by the light 
that shines out from these thousand light centers. Our 
lamps should be supplied with standard electric bulbs 
— the night of the tallow candle has passed, and that 
of the oil lamp nearly so. May it never be said by 
the One, who is able to judge our works, that the light 
within us is darkness." Our connections with the gen- 
erating center should be soldered perfectly with the 
power of his love. In the same proportion that this 
condition maintains, will our churches increase in 
numbers and influence. All should pray constantly 
for the church, her educational institutions, the homes, 
and the individual lives of her members. Through 
these cooperative influences, she will, by God's grace, 
perform the work she is commissioned to do. 

Freeville, New York. 

way and be guiltless. We can replace a great many 
losses, but an hour lost can never be replaced. It is 
a dreadful blot in the record of life. But we may 
apply the blood of Christ and begin all over, and fill 
every hour with beautiful words and golden deeds. 
Ashland, Ohio. 

A New Beginning 


"Every day is a fresh beginning, 
Listen, my soul, to the glad refrain, 
And spite of old sorrow and older sinning 
Take heart with the day and begin again." 

A new beginning puts new heart and inspiration 
into life because we are allowed to begin all over again, 
as it were, with the possibility of making a better 
record. Every faculty of body and mind is pressed 
into service when otherwise we might jog along in 
an indifferent way and accomplish only a small amount 
of that of which we are capable. 

More than a year has passed by since Jan. 1, 1922. 
Each day of that year held before us the chance of a 
new beginning. The days are the pages in the volumes 
of the year. Each one came to us clean and white, 
and we have written the record of our life according 
to our choosing. We have written either with scarlet 
or with gold. Now the volume of 1922 is closed. The 
old year is dead and, clasped in her unrelenting fingers, 
she holds the record we have written. We can not 
change it now, though we^seek, with tears and prayers, 
to improve it. If we have sinned, and dyed the white 
pages with scarlet, there is one hope for us — the blood 
of Jesus Christ can blot out our transgressions and 
God will remember them against us no more. We may 
make a fresh beginning. 

The year 1923 has just been entered. Each one of 
us must choose the right or the wrong, as we live from 
day to day. The first thing for us to do, is to be sure 
we are on the right side, even though it be in opposi- 
tion to our own selfish interests. Then we can throw 
ourselves unreservedly into the work, and we can 
accomplish that which we are capable of doing. Thus 
we will gain a victory in the kingdom of our own 
soul. It is only after we have conquered self that 
we are prepared to accomplish any work of value. 
Though the cause we uphold may not gain a complete 
victory this year, we will have strengthened our foun- 
dation for next year's work. 

The influence of the words and acts of our life 
touch and give color to other lives. It is a fearful 
responsibility that has been laid on us — to answer to 
our Creator for the spending of our lives. It is a 
solemn fact that each one of us is our brother's keeper. 
May we so live that our brother's blood may. never 
cry against us ! As we begin writing the record of 
the New Year, let us strive to live right in the sight 
of God and man! Let us make good use of every 
moment of time ! We can not " kill time " in any 

Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond 

Number One 

When I united with the Church of the Brethren 
in 1860, I wondered where I could find genial asso- 
ciates in the church, for at that time there were only 
three members in our church who had received a 
college education. They were Eld. Louis Kimmel, of 
Elderton, Pa., a graduate of Alleghany College, Prof. 
O. W. Miller, of Virginia, who later became the 
principal of New Vienna Academy, Ohio, and after- 
wards president of Salem College, Ind., the first in- 
stitution, in the Church of the Brethren, which started 
out as a college. The third member was Eld. Henry 
Kurtz, who was educated in Germany and came to 
this country as a Lutheran minister. For a number 
of years Bro. Kurtz served as Reading Clerk at our 
Annual Conferences, because he could read the queries 
in English ; then immediately translate them into Ger- 
man. There was then a good deal of preaching done 
in German, and a goodly number of members could 
not understand English. German hymn-books were 
found in our churches, and a German paper, Der 
Briiderbote (The Brethren's Messenger) was sup- 

Sunday-schools , then, were rare in our church. 
Only three years before, our Annual Conference gave 
permission to hold Sunday-schools. In our congre- 
gation, a Sunday-school was started in a schoolhouse 
near the meetinghouse, and a member of the Lutheran 
church was secured to act as superintendent. Of 
course, our church had no Sunday-school literature, 
and did not get any until eighteen years later. 

Fruita, Colo. . ^ , 

Her Mite 


I "was very much impressed with the article bearing 
this title in the November Visitor. The little girl 
who was anxious to give something for missions, did 
not know how she was going to get the money. She 
could not go away to earn anything, for her mother 
was sick and needed her help at home. Then she 
thought of a plan. Her aunt had given her fifty 
cents, to buy a batiste apron. She said she would get 
a calico apron, which would last just as long, and 
cost only half as much. Then she would have a quar- 
ter to give for missions. 

If we would all do like the little girl, and buy the 
things that would last just as long, but would cost less, 
our mission funds would be overflowing. We think 
that the little extra that we put on our dress would 
not amount to much, but if we had all the " little 
extras " collected together, it would amount to a very 
large sum. Yes, if we could give our extra time too, 
that we spend for unnecessary things, what a great 
help that would be! So much time is wasted in this 
day, on crochet and embroidery work, which is just 
to please the eye. 

Now, brother, sister, don't you think it would be 
better to save the " little extras," buy the things that 
would wear just as long, but would cost less, and 
help some poor soul who is in distress or starving? 

Really, can we have the spirit of Christ in our 
hearts and spend unnecessary money and time on our- 
selves, while millions are dying without Christ? Think 
of the many who are suffering for the bare necessities 
of life. Are we not selfish when we do so? 

'" Wherefore do you spend money for that which 
is not bread? and labor for that which satisfieth not? " 

Tangier, Okla. . ^ . 

Palaces and pyramids are reared by laying one 
brick, or block, at a time. Just so the Kingdom of 
Christ is enlarged by individual conversions. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 



Thy Word 


Thy Word is a light to my pathway, 
Thy Word is a lamp to my feet, 
Though darkness may hover around me, 
I walk in the light, full complete. 

It shieldeth my "soul from all evil, 
It filleth my heart with delight, 
It blindeth the one who opposeth, 
While giving to me its pure light. 

Thy Word, yea, 'tis sweeter than honey. 
Yet doth it my spirit uphold. 
I love it above earthly treasures, 
I love it far better than gold. 

Oh, open mine eyes to behold it, 
Its precepts shall keep me from sin. 
Thy Word in my heart I shall hide it, 
My lips shall speak it before kings. 

Forever thy Word is established 
And faithful whatever betide, 
Forever and faithful, unchanging 
Forever thy Word shall abide. 

Mount Morris, 111. 

Grandmother Warren 


Grandmother Warren was watching Sally open 
a package which had just come through the mail. 
Sally's face had been eager and bright with anticipa- 
tion when the package came, but when she discovered 
its contents, her face fell and she said, as' she unfolded 
a red-checked apron : " I can't wear that. I can't 
wear red at my age. What was Helen thinking of to 
send such a thing to me?" 

" She probably was thinking that she would like to 
please you," said Grandmother. 

" She ought to know that I can't wear red," insisted 

"Oh, she likely saw that. red check and thought 
how pretty it was, and since she wanted to send you 
something you would like, she decided that would 
be just the thing. You. did the same thing when you 
sent her that checked gingham dress at Christmas. 
You chose a small black and white check — just the 
thing for you or me — and not at all what a young 
woman like Helen would desire. You thought you 
were sending her something very pretty — something 
she would enjoy as well as you. You were perfectly 
sincere in sending it and I am sure she intended to 
please you as much as you did her. So just write 
her a nice letter and wear her apron. You used to 
look well in red and a little brightness won't hurt us 
at all." 

Sally sniffed, but tried on the apron. The looking- 
glass seconded Grandmother's opinion. The checks, 
though red, were small. The apron was neatly made, 
and Sally could not help but acknowledge that it made 
her look younger. And where is there a woman who 
would refuse to wear a red-checked apron if it attained 
such an end? Sally sat down with the apron on and 
took up her work. Grandmother had found a text 
and only needed a listener. 

" The Golden Rule sounds simple, but it has its com- 
plications the same as any other thing that seems easy 
at the start. ' All things therefore whatsoever ye 
would that men should do unto you, even so do ye 
also unto them,' sounds easy. It seems to be only a 
matter of loving your neighbor, and at bottom it is, 
but there are so many different methods of showing 
love that complications are bound to arise. You like 
black and white checks and so send them to Helen, 
who likes red and white, and she, in turn, sends you 
her favorite color. Neither of you are perfectly 
satisfied and yet you both wanted to show your love 
to one another. Isn't that so?" asked Grandmother. 

" We-el," hesitated Sally, " It did seem to me that 
Helen wore so much red that a change would do her 

good. She is getting old enough to be a little more 
sober in her clothes." 

" Oh," said Grandmother, quietly, " you were not 
only sending her a gift, but you were instructing her in 
what she should want, as well. Yes, I see. There are 
lots of gifts like that — part gifts and part little bits of 
advice or pieces of instruction that we want to pass 
out to our friends. Perhaps, rolled up in that apron, 
Helen has a piece of advice for you. Perhaps she 
thought, way down underneath : ' I don't see why Sally 
always wears such old colors. She is not so very old. 
I will send her something to brighten her up a bit. 
I like bright colors. She should also.' I don't suppose 
Helen would admit that she even thought such a 
thing, but she likely felt it, just the same as you felt 
it when you sent her that gingham. We would like to 
have it thought that our gifts came out of the love 
and fullness of the heart, when, in fact, we often 
want to criticise, instruct or help. 

" Here is a book that Henry ought to read. He is 
a little weak on this point and this book will straighten 
him out, all right. I will send it to him for Christmas. 
Thus we send out our bits of advice in wrappings of 
love, like sugar-coated pills. And occasionally the 
sugar melts in the mouth and the bitter comes to the 
surface, and then we wonder why Henry or Helen, 
or whoever it was, is not as grateful as we had ex- 
pected. We feel hurt and say to ourselves that we 
meant that all right, that Henry was not grateful. 

" There is more than one way of helping our friends. 
They do not want instruction and advice — no matter 
how carefully it is concealed. They want encourage- 
ment and love and understanding. Every one has 
bitter lessons to learn. Sometimes the lessons seem 
too hard. When the need for courage comes, every 
one is glad for the sincere help and genuine love of 
his friends. 

" But, Sally, when giving gifts, give a gift and not 
advice. Times come when advice is needed, and can 
be given, but those times are not birthdays and 
Christmases, when we are celebrating. Consider your 
friends' likes, and give from the heart. That is the 
real Golden Rule of giving." 

Prophetstown, III. 

The Restricted Life 


" Priscilla," peremptorily asked Uncle David, 
" what makes you look so sort of disgusted ? " 

Priscilla frowned ever so slightly, " When did you 
see me looking so sort of disgusted?" 

Uncle David chuckled a bit, " Oh, well, if you are 
going to be touchy, I won't ask questions." 

At that Priscilla sat up straighter: "Was there 
ever such a man as you? I can't hold a grudge at 
you if I wanted to." 

Aunt Ella had joined the two on the cosy side porch 
and she offered reminiscently : " Priscilla, do you 
wonder that I had to marry Uncle David? It's just 
as you say — one can't hold a grudge long at him." 
She and her husband exchanged a look of mutual 
understanding. " But to continue, I've been wonder- 
ing the same as your uncle about you." 

Priscilla shrugged her shoulders, " It's nothing — 
only a wee problem of my own. You know Cathie 
Brown is visiting in town and she manages to scratch 
the skin a bit deep. For instance, she is always talk- 
ing about the wonderful opportunities in town to do 
good, and she was impudent enough to tell me yes- 
terday that my life here in the village is very restricted. 
It hurt. Of course, I don't do many things, but I 
don't like to be made to feel that my life is so restricted 
as all that." 

There was a suspicious quiver in Priscilla's voice 
as she finished and an unbidden tear dropped quietly 
upon her clenched hand. Aunt Ella had flashed an 
indignant look toward Uncle David that said plainly, 
" Now, Davy, it's up to you to comfort this girl." 
And Uncle David understood. 

" Priscilla," he began, " please give me a definition 
of restricted." _ 

" Oh, that's easy. It means confined or limited." 

He nodded his head approvingly, " And that doesn't 
bring any message to you?" 

" It should, I suppose," confessed Priscilla, " but 
somehow it doesn't." 

" You're right it should," confirmed Uncle David. 
" I would appreciate an opportunity to tell Cathie 
Brown a little of your restricted life. I would politely 
tell her about your music scholars, how you take such 
pains and use so much patience to lead them forward 
to a real appreciation of the true and good in music. 
I would tell her how you bring cheer and blessing 
into the home of a crotchety old couple — " 

A merry shout of laughter interrupted him: "Oh, 
Uncle David, as though anyone would believe that to 
be a true description of you and Aunt Ella." 

His eyes twinkled, though his face remained grave, 
" I would tell her how you are the standby in Sunday- 
school, in club life, in social activities. I would tell 
her that you are not afraid to use your talents and 
capabilities in a little restricted village. 

" I wonder what she thinks a restricted life is like 
anyway. A restricted life is the life*where your activ- 
ities are confined to the doing of good and the com- 
plete elimination of wrong. And because it is thus 
limited, it becomes wonderfully free in the ability to 
do the utmost service. Has it never occurred to you 
that where there are limits there is also the greatest 
freedom? I presume Cathie would be imprudent 
enough to say that the Master himself led a restricted 
life, for is it not said of him that ' he went about 
. . . teaching, preaching, healing ' ? Take the re- 
stricted life every time." 

" Thank you, Uncle David " said Priscilla, " I guess 
you are one of his real disciples in living that kind 
of a life." 

As she disappeared through the near-by door to 
attend some task, Uncle David remarked to Aunt 
Ella, in a satisfied tone of voice, " I guess Cathie won't 
have any power to hurt Priscilla with more barbs." 
And Aunt Ella thought so too. 

Belief ontaine, Ohio. 

A Boy's Needs 


The boy needs a friend, and the father can best 
fill that bill. The particular and peculiar contrivance, 
which constitutes a boy's brain, is past analysis, but 
all agree that the " imagination " is superlative and all- 
absorbing, and it is up to the father to capitalize it. 

I am reminded of a story, heard the past week, of 
a lady who adopted a young boy — a mere child — from 
a public charitable home, some years ago, and she gave 
her young ward the usual drilling of " don'ts," as he 
grew from day to day, 'mid hot-plant surroundings 
and effeminate environments — his imagination running 
wild, untrained. One day his foster-mother took him 
on a visit to a lady friend, who had a son of similar 
age. During the visit he told what was apparent to 
any one of mature years — one of those imaginative 
lies, much to the horror of the hostess and to the 
chagrin of the boy's foster-mother. When the hostess 
called*her boy, and with much deprecation asked of 
her child what he thought of a boy who told lies, he 
quickly replied: "Why, that's nothing; I tell lots of 
them every day." 

" Boy's imagination " — it is youthful enthusiasm. 
Capitalize it, and as the twig is bent, the tree is in- 
clined. As a boy is trained, the name is endowed. 

Every boy has his hero. The father has the best 
opportunity to furnish the model. A boy is your 
most enthusiastic partner. He is always ready, if you 
treat him as an equal, and express due appreciation 
for his efforts. Do not expect him to do as neat a 
job plowing as you do, if you use the new sulky and 
he has to get along with the partly-worn-out walking- 
plow, and this is not an uncommon nor infrequent 
situation. Test him and see ! You want his help. 
Tell him that tomorrow morning at three o'clock you 
want him to oil and make ready the truck for a trip 
to some distant place, with a load of household goods 
for a neighbor who is moving there, and that you need 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


Calendar for Sunday, January 14 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Teaching Humility.— Luke 
14: 7-14. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Types of Bible Students, 
— Psa. 119: 18. * * + * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Dixon church, 111. 

One baptism in the Lebanon church, Pa. 

Six baptisms in the Eglon church, W. Va. 

Four baptisms in the Morrill church, Kans. 

One baptism in the Manvel church, Texas. 

Two baptisms in the Lewistown church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Huntingdon church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Shade Creek congregation, Pa. 

One baptism in the Gcrmantown church, Philadelphia. 

Two baptisms in the Central Avenue church, Kansas 
City, Kans. 

Two baptisms in*the White Oak church, Pa.,— Bro. J. W. 
G. Hershey, of Lititz, Pa., evangelist. 

One was baptized and two await the rite in the Bethel 
church, W. Va.,— Bro. B. W. Smith, evangelist. 

Five were received into the Troy Mission church, Ohio, 
—Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Pleasant Plains church, Okla., — 
Bro. J. E. Small, of Oklahoma City, evangelist. 

Twenty-two accessions to the Middletown church, Otiio, 
— Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, evangelist. 

Six baptisms in the Little Swatara church, Pa., — Bro. 
Amos H. Kuhns, of Union Deposit, Pa., evangelist. 

Five were baptized and one reinstated in the Knob 
Creek church, Tenn.,— Bro. J. R. Jackson, of Relief, N. C, 

Thirteen accepted Christ in the Live Oak church, Calif., 
—Bro. D. Warren Shock and wife, of Raisin City, Calif., 

Seven were added to the Monitor community church, 
Kans.,— Bro. Herbert Richards, of McPherson, Kans., 

Eighteen came forward in the Independence church, 
Kans., — Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., 

Two accepted Christ at the Concwago house, same con- 
gregation, Pa„ — Brethren Hiram Eshelman and Nathan 
Eshelman, evangelists. 

Twelve accepted Christ in the Middle Creek house, West 
Conestoga congregation, Pa., — Bro. Michael Kurtz, of 
Richland, Pa., evangelist. 

Thirty-three confessed Christ, most of whom have been 
baptized, in the Leamersville church, Pa., — Bro. B. F. 
Waltz, of Altoona, Pa., evangelist. 

T T t ▼ 

Our Evangelists 

Bro. J. C. lnman, of Springfield, Ohio, to begin Jan. 14 
at Greenville, Ohio. 

Bro. M. C. Swigart, of Philadelphia, to begin Jan. 21 in 
the Huntingdon church. Pa. 

Bro. John R, Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin Jan. 
28 in the Tyrone church, Pa. 

Bro. C. B. Smith, of Martinsburg, Pa., to begin Jan. 21 
in the Franklin Grove church, 111. 

Bro. W. D. Keller, the pastor, to begin Jan. 14 in the 
Walnut Grove church, Johnstown, Pa. 
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 
Personal Mention 

Sister Bertha Clay, Alvordton, Ohio, will be pleased to 
hear from any church or evangelist desiring the services 
of a song leader. 

Bro. F. S. Eisenbise and wife, Octavia, Nebr., are open 
to engagement for a series of meetings some time in the 
spring, preferably March or April. 

Through a late communication from Bro. I. J. Rosen- 
berger, dated at Sebring, Fla., we learn that he is again 
spending the winter months in that genial clime. 

Bro. Ralph W. Quakenbush has accepted the pastorate 
of the Lone Star church, Douglas Co., Kans., and his 
address is changed accordingly from Fredonia to Lone 
Star, Kans. 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, pastor of the Frederick City 
church, Md., returned to his home, after an operation 
Nov. 16, and four weeks' confinement in the Frederick 
City hospital. He is now able to sit up a few hours each 
day. His improvement is slow and he asks God's people 
to remember him in their prayers. 

Bro. Olin F. Shaw, who is completing his seventh year 
as pastor of the Milledgevillc church. III., has tendered 
his resignation, to take effect Sept. 1, 1923. We are not 
informed as to his plans for the future. 

Bro. I. W. Moomaw and wife, who arc to leave shortly 
for the India mission field, gave the Publishing House, 
including the "Messenger" rooms, a brief visit last week. 
They are scheduled to sail from New York Feb. 10, via 
S. S. " City of Harvard." 

Sister Lydia E. Taylor, Secretary of the Dress Reform 
Committee, has not been in good health for some time, as 
our readers know. About two weeks ago she suffered a 
complete nervous collapse on the streets of Chicago, and 
was taken to the Cook County Hospital, unconscious and, 
for a time, unidentified. Later she was removed to Beth- 
any Hospital, where she is now reported to be improving 

Bro. J. W. Fyock, pastor of the Pine Creek church, 111., 
feeling the need of more convenient high school facil- 
ities for his family, has tendered his resignation, to take 
effect at the end of the present school-year, May 30. He 
will then be in position to accept a pastorate where high 
school privileges are available. He will also be open for 
an evangelistic meeting or two during the coming year. 
His address is Polo, 111., Route 3. 

Bro. T. A. Eisenbise, Secretary-Treasurer of the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements for the Calgary Conference, made 
a hurried visit to the Publishing House a few days ago. 
Wc regret, however, that we did not happen to be in at 
the time, and failed to see him. But we have abundant 
evidence that both the Committee of Arrangements and 
the Program Committee are taking their respective re- 
sponsibilities in good earnest and are planning for a 
meeting of great blessing to the cause. 

Just this (Monday) morning comes the sad' message 
from Bro. M. C. Swigart, pastor of the Germantown 
church, Philadelphia," telling of the death of Sister Swi- 
gart, from pneumonia, on Sunday evening, the 7th. Fu- 
neral services were to be held on Thursday at McVeytown. 
Sister Swigart was widely known, especially among the 
women of the Brotherhood, through her work as presi- 
dent of the Sisters' Aid Society organization, and this 
unexpected dispensation will bring sorrow to many 

Writing under date of Dec. 31 from La Verne, Calif., 
Bro. Jesse B. Emmert sends us the unpleasant tidings that, 
on the preceding evening, his good wife, Sister Gertrude 
Emmert. had suffered a stroke of apoplexy. As she was ' 
still unconscious and in convulsions at times, the outlook 
was not favorable. Two days later Bro. Emmert was able 
to report signs of returning consciousness. The fact that 
no further word has yet reached us (Monday, Jan. 8) 
makes us hopeful that a change for the better has taken 
place. Whatever the event, your prayers will be helpful. 
4* 4* ♦ * 
Special Notices 

The Special Bible Term of Mt. Morris College, HI, is 

announced for Jan. 12 to 21. Turn to page 30 and note 
the excellent program. 

The Annual Bible Institute of Elizabethtown College, 
Pa., is to be held Jan. 2,0-28. An interesting program has 
been arranged, as will be noted by turning to page 20. 

A Bible Institute is to be held at McPherson College 
Jan. 21-28. A good program and able workers will doubt- 
lessly result in a good attendance. See the special an- 
nouncement on page 26. 

The General Boards of the church will please send their 
suggestions for the Calgary Conference Program, as to 
subjects and speakers, to the Secretary of the Committee 
not later than Jan. 15. May we have a wonderfully blessed 
experience in International Christian Fellowship June 13- 
20! — L. W. Shultz, Secretary, North Manchester, Ind. 

Two Full Red Letter Days for Manchester territory 
folks, who are leaders in Religious Education, are to be 
Jan. 16, 7:30 P. M„ to Jan. 18, 3 P. M., at Manchester Col- 
lege. The responses are fine and enthusiastic from the 
field, looking forward to this gathering. Its work and 
findings should go far in moulding a program and policy 
for the church of tomorrow. Be sure, ministers and Sun- 
day-school workers,' to plan to be present! Note the 
program in " Messenger ,r of Dec. 16, page 788.— L. W. 
Shultz, Field Secretary, North Manchester, Ind. 

Tract Examining Committee Meeting. — A meeting of 
the Tract Examining Committee is being called for 
Wednesday, Feb. 28, at the Publishing House in Elgin. 
It will be remembered that Annual Conference of 1922 
referred the Brethren's Card to this Committee for exam- 
ination, looking toward a revision. This card appears on 
the last page of this issue of the "Messenger." We re- 
quest each reader to look it over carefully, and then, if 
you have any suggestions, send them to the Secretary 
at the address below. Also let us have any other business 
for the Committee, whether it be manuscript for tracts or - 
suggestions of any kind, along any line of our work.— 
James M. Moore. Secretary-Treasurer, 230 S. Church 
Street, Waynesboro," Pa. 

The Mexican Industrial School, at Falfurrias, Texas, has 
received less than one-tenth of the $10,000 that was to be 
secured outside of the District in which the school is 
located. Mrs. John Stump is the treasurer of the school, 
and makes a strong plea for assistance in getting the 
work started. Read her communication on page 27 and 
contribute to that work as the Lord has prospered. 
•Jt -:- .;. .;. 

Miscellaneous Mention 

The Yearbook for 1923 has been mailed to all who have 
been thoughtful enough to order it in ample time. Every 
home of our members should have a copy of the Yearbook 
for ready reference. Order it today, while a fair supply is 
still on hand. Ten cents per copy, postpaid. 

The Mont Ida church, Kans, had the misfortune of 
losing its house of worship by fire some months ago. 
Involved in the loss were the song books. If any one 
knows of left-over song books which the owners would 
be willing to donate, it will be appreciated if he will 
inform Eld. John Sherfy, Mont Ida, Kans. 

Once more we state — if only we could believe it would 
do some good! — that matter intended for publication in 
the " Messenger " should be addressed directly to the 
" Gospel Messenger "—not to any individual, nor the 
Brethren Publishing House, nor the General Mission 
Board. It finally arrives, in any case, but why not get it 
to us as soon as possible? Isn't that what you want? Do 
you get the idea? 

In the biographical sketch of a faithful minister, who 
recently went to his reward, the contributor makes this 
significant statement: "His aim was to live solely for 
the change that awaited him." The thought is a most 
suggestive one. Living for the world beyond, would seem 
to imply a consecrated endeavor for Kingdom advance- 
ment throughout the earthly career — a life rich in good 
works. If more of us had a vision of that sort, there 
would be "a closer walk with God — a calm and heavenly 
frame." 1 

From the letterhead of the Conference Program Com- 
mittee we note that the committee has adopted as the Cal- 
gary Conference slogan: "North America for Christ — 
Christ to the World via America." That has a challenging 
ring, surely, and ought to set a high mark for the tone of 
the coming Conference in Canada. In his letter, the Sec- 
retary, Bro. Shultz, says: "The program committee hopes 
that this will be the keynote of the entire session at Cal- 
gary. This is a day to promote international good will 
and brotherhood. This must be done through education 
and missions. We want to make the people of Canada 
feel that we, as a people, are vitally interested in a better 
w ° r '<1." * * * * 

A Bystander's Notes 

Every Man to His Task. — It is a matter of common ob- 
servation that many fill their lives with regrets for being 
confined to such an apparently narrow sphere of use- 
fulness. They imagine if they were entrusted with some 
office of responsibility, or had millions of money, they 
might have an opportunity to show their real worth. As 
matters are, however, what can an ordinary toiler, an 
humble Sunday-school teacher, hope to accomplish? 
Might it not be well, for all of us, to be content with 
serving God where he has placed us— at the very spot 
where our assigned task is? Far better it is to make the 
best of what we have and are, than to fret about condi- 
tions we can not alter. The .man with one talent is never 
accountable for five, but he is certainly held responsible 
for faithful stewardship with the one talent entrusted to 
him. The king's million and the widow's mite are viewed 
with the same scrutiny by the Searcher of hearts. 

Financial Success and Its Dangers.— To the discriminat- 
ing observer of everyday affairs no fact is more evident 
than the very significant one of the allurement of riches. 
Financial success brings power, and power is a dangerous 
thing to those who have not learned how to use it justly 
and wisely. Great financial power seemingly develops a 
tendency to intolerance, and a disregard of the rights of 
others. He who achieves a phenomenal financial success, 
will need to watch his step more carefully than ever 
before. All too often financial success smothers the finer 
impulses of the human heart, and leads to a servile wor- 
ship of the god of mammon. Real success can not be 
measured by the sordid scale of dollars. It is something 
that can be rightfully judged only by the quantity of serv- 
ice which one renders for the good of others. If financial 
power takes away this desire to render useful service, then 
it may be properly interpreted as a failure, rather than 
as a success. Perhaps most of us do not, as yet, realize 
that the only real success is that which brings happiness 
to others, as well as to ourselves. And how else can hap- 
piness of that kind be attained, except through some sort 
of service that brightens the drab existence of some one? 
WATCH YOUR STEP, as you begin to accumulate more 
money than you need for your daily use! Take care that 
it does not blind your eyes to the one pathway to real 
success— the performance of altruistic service for the good 
of humanity! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 



A War Against Deceptive Advertising 

With the express purpose of eliminating deliberate de- 
ception in advertising, the National Vigilance Committee 
of the Associated Advertising Clubs of the World has 
entered upon a vigorous campaign to that end. At this 
time a special war of extermination is to be waged against 
fake promotions in the oil fields of Texas. In its pre- 
liminary findings, the committee charges that "ninety- 
five per cent of oil stock advertising is flamboyant, mis- 
leading and deceptive. It is an orgy of lurid words and 
bombastic figures. It not only contains false statements, 
but it is built on promises which, in the opinion of well- 
informed oil men and financiers, do not stand one chance 
in a thousand of being fulfilled." How long will un- 
principled promoters be allowed to fleece the confiding 

Fighting the Lynching Evil 

Much to the regret of every right-thinking citizen, the 
much-discussed Dyer anti-lynching bill is virtually dead. 
There is encouragement, however, for all friends of few 
enforcement, in the fact that the number of lynchings 
is steadily, even if slowly, decreasing. According to the 
annual statement of the Tuskegee Institute, whose presi- 
dent annually compiles reliable statistics, fifty-seven per- 
sons were killed by lynchers, in the United States during 
1922. This is a decrease of seven, in the number recorded 
for the previous year. Still more important and hearten- 
ing, however, is the fact that officers of the law prevented 
mob violence in at least fifty-eight instances, last year. 
In ten cases, convictions were obtained, and penitentiary 
sentences imposed. There is still need, however, of more 
overwhelming public sentiment on the side of law and 
order. Only thus will mob violence be effectually eradi- 

Noted Reform Worker Dies at Washington 

Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts, for twenty-eight years superin- 
tendent of the International Reform Bureau, which he 
founded, and widely known because of his activities in 
behalf of prohibition and similar movements, died Dec. 27 
at a Washington hospital, aged seventy-three years. Dr. 
Crafts will be remembered as a consistent advocate of 
many laudable reform measures. In the furtherance of 
the prohibition enactment he wielded an influential part. 
In the movement to restrict the use of narcotics, he was 
a leading factor, succeeding in bringing about the passage 
of needed legislation. Outspoken in his opposition to 
Sunday amusements, Dr. Crafts was clearly on the side of 
morality and citizenship at its best. The world has all 
too few men of principle, who are not afraid to stand 
by their colors. The death of Dr. Crafts removes a tower 
of strength, but we trust that some one will continue the 
work he had so nobly begun. 

Unemployment Problem Stirs Great Britain 

One of the wildest scenes ever witnessed in the dignified 
House of Commons was staged during the recent dis- 
cussions of the unemployment situation in England. 
When it was proposed to adjourn the sessions of that 
body, the labor party members violently objected. Insist- 
ing that the sessions be prolonged until means could be 
provided for dealing with the unemployment situation 
and the relief of distress, the wildest clamor was engaged 
in by the members of the labor party, but finally a motion 
for adjournment was carried. Now the brunt of the un- 
employment problem rests with the London administra- 
tion. The new Lord Mayor, E. C. Moore, faces a task 
of grave magnitude, to curb the vast mobs of jobless men, 
who, in their desperate plight, are no respecters of prop- 
erty. Unemployment, as an aftermath of war conditions, 
is a problem that challenges the skill of the wisest states- 
man. The man without work is always dangerous. He 
is a ready tool of the demagogue and agitator. 

Paris Reparations Conference Adjourns 

While hopes were entertained that the widely-heralded 
conference of the premiers of Great Britain, Belgium, 
France, and Italy, might find some solution for the repara- 
tions problem, all prospects for an amicable adjustment 
failed when Prime Minister Bonar Law, of England, 
refused to accept the French reparations demands, on the 
evening of Jan. 4. With this significant demolition of the 
" entente cordiale," the thoughtful observer naturally 
asks: "What next?" Roland W. Boyden and Ambassa- 
dor Herrick, American observers, while not official repre- 
sentatives at the conference, are, nevertheless, in close 
touch with the situation. They consider the rupture of 
the Paris conference far preferable to a compromise. 
" Separate action by the allies," they say, " will simply 
precipitate the* situation, and force more quickly a final 
reparation settlement, which is inevitable. A compromise 
would have prolonged Germany's economic malady with- 
out benefiting any one." It is to be hoped that their view 
of the matter will prove to be correct, and that a just and 
satisfactory settlement will be arrived at. 

Freeing the Child Toilers 

More than a million children between the ages of ten 
and fifteen are still engaged, in gainful occupations in the 
United States. Two federal child labor laws have bee« 

to, is strongly urged by American church and other 
welfare organizations, it would seem that due discretion 
on this important matter is deemed to be strongly ad- 
visable. Already two hundred such refugees are now on 

th n o°u c "h d th out by ; h f Supr r c r in the ,ast w — T Is,and - As ** *** Smi^/r^o™ : 

though the need of an efficient law is universally recog- clear, according to law. they are being held unde^sus 

n.zecl. A movement ,s now gaining ground for an amend- Pendcd deportation orders. More are reported to be on 

ment to the federa constituting ™hir-u ,„;n th*» «,,» ^.,* u..:_ ._.__ . _. H ° De on 

to the federal constitution, which will empower .the way, but their entrance to 
Congress to protect the children by regulating child labor. apparently barred. 

Some States have well developed standards of safeguard- ■ 

ing youthful toilers, while others are far below the ac- 
cepted mark. To meet that anomalous situation, the child 
welfare forces argue that the one feasible way to get 
uniform and adequate protection for the children, is to 
change the constitution, and to give the federal govern- 
ment the power it now lacks. 

United States 

Promoting Racial Cooperation 

Common obscrvai 

are largely 

Speaking before a large 

hite. at Atlanta, Ga., Dr. R. 

A Word of Cheer 

Federal Prohibition Commissioner R. A. Hayncs, who, 
undoubtedly, speaks with the authority of one who bases 
his statements on personal knowledge, assures us that 
the dry law is making good progress. "Do not he de- 
ceived," he says, "nor be dismayed by a nation-wide 
program of misrepresentation, constituting, as it does, the 
most pretentious, most pernicious propaganda to under- 
mine enforcement since the enactment of the prohibition 
law. Admitting, of course, that there are violations of 
the Volstead act— unfortunately by some who hold them- 
selves above the law— the fact can not, conscientiously, 
be denied that the last year has been marked with rapid 
strides toward the same degrde of enforcement of this 
law, as obtains in respect to all other laws, none of which 
are enforced one hundred per cent." 

ation has doubtlessly suggested to al 
most any one that so-called " racial problems ' 
due to uncalled-for prejudice, 
audience, both colored and 
R Moton. President of Tuskegee Institute, s: 
believes the negro of today is just as loyal and friendly 
to the people as his ancestors were in antebellum 
days Dr. Moton, who is on a good-will tour of the 
South, deplored the all-too-common practice cf unduly 
en.phasmng the occasional cases of friction between the 
two races, while overlooking the hundreds of instances 
ot helpful cooperation and friendship, daily being mani- 
n every community. 

fested i 

Prohibition and the World's War Debt 

Just now, while the grievous burden of war debts is 
giving anxious concern to practically all nations, a way 
of escape would seem to be of interest. Conservatively 
estimated, the aggregate indebtedness of the world's 
governments is about three hundred and fifty billions of 
dollars. The world's drink bill is estimated at twenty 
billions of dollars annually. What the world spends need- 
lessly for drink, would readily wipe out both principal and 
interest of all the indebtedness owed by the world's 
governments. Seemingly, that one fact alone should 
unite th 

Christianity's Growth in India 

Statistics indicate that the Christians of India in- 
creased more rapidly than any other religious group dur- 
ing the decade between 1911 and 1921. That very fact is 
being announced as of great significance, in its bearing 
on the problems of the Far East. With Christianity 
spreading in India, Ihc chances of a religious war, we are 
told, arc rendered more remote. Eleven years ago, the 
native Indian Christians numbered .3,876,000. Last year 
they had reached 4,754,000-a gain of 887.000, or 22.7 per 
cent. No other group of religionists can show anything 
like such a proportionate increase, and the dominant re- 
ligion—Hinduism—is said to have registered an actual 
decline. Since Christianity has ever been the leader in 
civilizing influences, the world over, the missionary will 
do more for India's real uplift, than even the most influen- 
tial agitator. 

The Conference on " Dry " Enforcement 

Governors of sixteen States recently met at White Sul- 
phur Springs, W. Va„ for their fourteenth Annual Con- 

e world leaders in a great campaign to bring Terence. Prohibition was the chief topic under conside: 

about prohibition everywhere. Liquidation of the world's 
burden of debt would open the way tor the furtherance 
of human progress in many fields— endeavors of real 
uplift that are now impossible because of a lack of means. 

The Wonderful Radio Power 

Recently a heavily-laden freight train was started by 
radio, and ran for some distance without local control. 
There was an engineer on the locomotive because the law 
requires it, but he did not handle the machinery. Boats 
have already been constructed which can be navigated 
from the shore, perform various evolutions, etc., without 
the assistance of a human being— all being managed by 
radio power. A pilotless army plane, equipped with an 
automatically-controlled device — more accurate and de- 
pendable than a human pilot — has been developed to a 
point where it has made successful flights of more than 
ninety miles. Every advance of this sort lengthens and 
strengthens the human arm. Unless there be a parallel 
advance in the human soul, as well as the mind, so that 
the arm shall be used for constructive and helpful en- 
deavors of general uplift, the human race may soofi 
destroy itself. 

An Authentic Report on Near East War Iniquities 

A joint investigating commission of the International 
Red Cross and the International Union for Children's 
Relief has been looking into conditions in the Near East. 
The commission reports that the retreating Greek armies 
destroyed scores of cities and villages in Anatolia, reduc- 
ing a population of 180,000, largely Mussulmans, to home- 
lessness and starvation, and that they committed other 
outrages. The pilgrimage of these investigators, across 
the ruined country districts, was distressing indeed. Note 
this brief extract: " Involutarily our thoughts were taken 
back to Pompeii and Messina. But while the annihilation 
of these citic's was due to natural causes, the destruction 
of the villages of Anatolia, situated at considerable dis- 
tances from the battle-front, has been, to say the least, 
deliberately perpetrated by so-called "Christians' in the 
heart of the twentieth century. 'Military necessity,' they 
may say in Europe. For our part we would not know how 
to admit such an explanation." Referring to but one 
instance among many, they mention the destruction of 
Kaza, a city of 30.000 inhabitants, 27,000 of whom were 
Mohammedans. Now only 8.000 persons are lingering 
among the ruins. The rest were either killed or dispersed. 
The sensational but absolutely correct disclosures of the 
commission arc to be given close consideration by the 
Immigration Committee of Congress, in connection with 
pending bills, to lift the immigration restriction bars, so 
as to admit thousands of Greek and Armenian refugees 
from the Near East. While the legislation, above referred 

tion, and this was still further deliberated upon when, 
upon invitation of President Harding, the governors went 
on to Washington. There a consultation was held at the 
White House, with the attorney-general and other high 
officials, concerning better enforcement of the prohibi- 
tion laws. Wayne B. Wheeler, legislative head of the 
Anti-Saloon League, approved the work of the Confer- 
ence, and said: "The United States must check lawless- 
ness or be engulfed by it." He insists that there must 
not be any relaxation of the dry laws, and that all friends 
of prohibition must rally to the support of the measure, 
defending it against the onslaughts now being made by 
the wet forces. It is to be regretted that a large part 
of the public press favors the wet element, and ridicules 
all attempts at prohibition enforcement. 

War Enthusiasts Still Active 

To a sincere advocate of peace on earth and good will 
to men, the recent tirade of a noted American general 
against all antiwar propagandists is decidedly discourag- 
ing, though not wholly unexpected. In recent years much 
has been said about the growing desire of military men 
for world peace, but a closer examination will show that 
they have not, to any perceptible degree, changed their 
ideas as to the value of military prowess. They still 
cherish the old-time delusion that world-peace can only 
be maintained by huge armies and navies, notwithstand- 
ing the conclusive demonstration of the futility and falsity 
of that theory within the last decade. Like the militar- 
istic leaders of Europe, the "jingoes" of our own favored 
land have apparently learned nothing from the costly 
experiences of the World War. When the Washington 
Disarmament Conference was held, and the five great 
nations— Great Britain, France, Italy. Japan, and the 
United States— agreed upon a program limiting naval 
armament, the majority of the American people rejoiced 
—not because the agreement went so far, in the way of 
naval reduction, as the people generally desired, but they 
regarded it as a long step in the right direction. How- 
ever, this is not the view of the confirmed militarist and 
the believer in the necessity for a big navy. Ever since 
the adoption of the noted agreement, the advocates of 
greater military preparedness have been trying to devise 
ways and means of nullifying that compact. In further- 
ance of that aim they are asking Congress to spend what 
is saved, in the way of dispensing with big ships, by 
building more small ones, so that, as a matter of fact, our 
navy will be no smaller than it was before. Admiral Sims, 
now retired, sounds the alarm that the first thing we 
know, the Philippines will be taken away from us, be- 
cause of insufficient defense forces. This statement is 
made in spite of the fact that $.125,000,000 was recently 
apportioned by Congress for the upkeep of the navy. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


. for' the 

wkly BevotlonnI Meeting Or 
, private Meditation. 

Some Things I Believe and Why 

1 Peter 3: 15 

For Week Beginning January 21, 1923 
, My Faith in the Word.-We make a far-sweeping 
assenion-an all-inclusive one. I»«^*J««« 
onr absolute belief in the authenticity of the Holy Scrip- 
ture! If we are really sincere in that, we will have 
prop r conceptions about God as the Father, the Ho 1, 
Spirit as .he Comforter, and Jesus Chris, as our B esscd 
Redeemer. We will regard their verdict as final Look- 
ing at the various activities of nature, we note that all the 
needs of the animal and vegetable life have been abun- 
dantly provided for by the Great Creator. In ,ust that 
sort of all-comprehensive way the Bible meets humanity 
needs. A noted writer has pertinently said : The Bible 
definitely proves itself to be God's Book because It is so 
realty man's book." 

2 It Pay. to Be » Chri.ti.n.-I firmly believe that the 
genuinely desirable things of life, that are the outgrowth 
of a clean and wholly consecrated devotion to our allotted 
task, outweigh all of the tainted pleasure that .he world 
has to offer as its best. I believe in the sort of recreation 
that fits me for the highest and best spiritual attainments 
-that leaves the mind and the heart cleaner and fresher 
for having indulged in it. 

3 1 Believe in the Church and It. Blessed Associations. 
-While it may be true that some, who do not acknowledge 
the claims of the church upon man, as outlined in the Holy 
Scriptures, boast of their upright and unblemished lives, 
the fact remains that without the church and its influence 
upon humanity in general, they would not have these 
high ideals or lofty standards of morality. I am firmly 
convinced, also, that the church is the family of God on 
the earth, and that it is "the pillar and ground of the 
truth " As such, I am quite sure that its protecting in- 
fluence and its avenues for service are of priceless value 
in the Christian development of my life. 

4. My Unwearying and Con.ecrated Service.— I believe 
that I owe to God the best service I can render, and that 
there are tasks that he means for me to perform. While 
natural endowments will undoubtedly help me in wisely 
choosing avenues of work in which I can render the best 
and most acceptable service, I also believe that God will 
help me to do what I ought to do. Assuredly, I have no 
right to excuse myself from doing the tasks obviously 
within my range of responsibility, simply because they 
are difficult. 

5. I Believe That " Godliness Is Gain."—" Does it pay? " 
is the instinctive question of the man of the world when 
a proposition is presented. The man of the world is con- 
fronted by the hardest question he ever tried to answer, 
when asked to give even a single reason why godliness is 
not profitable in this life as well as in the great beyond. 
Expert economists tell us that the cause of hard times lies 
deeper than the various questions that puzzle our best 
statesmen. Financial stringency is due to the neglect of 
heaven-ordained principles of fairness and integrity. The 
message of Jesus has, through all ages, been the greatest 
intellectual stimulus for righteousness that the world has 
ever known. It finds expression in all the various phases 
of human activity and betterment. The greatest races 
favor Christianity, because it is something they can co- 
herently think about. They realize its supreme value. 

6. Suggestive References.— An assurance that can not 
fail (Rom. 8: 18, 28, 38, 39). Paul's fervent conviction 
(Rom. 1: 16, 17). "Justified by faith, we have peace with 
God" (Rom. 5: 1). "The righteousness which is of faith" 
(Rom. 10: 6-10). "Joy and peace in believing" (Rom. 15: 
13). "Faith in the power of God" (1 Cor. 2: 5). "Saved 
through faith" (Eph. 2: 8). "Faith unfeigned" (1 Tim. 
1: S, 19). A word of warning (Heb. 4: 1). "Confidence 
and reward" (Heb. 10: 35). "The victory that overcometh 
the world" (1 John 5: 4). 


(Continued from Page 19) 

beings — a friendship that is most precious and endless. 
Friendship is closely allied to fellowship. It might 
be called friendship in action. We read 1 John 1:7: 
" If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have 
fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus 
Christ his Son, cleanseth us from all sin." 

How we value friendship, is expressed by our meet- 
ing together by the thousands, at our General Con- 
ferences, not alone to build up the Kingdom of Christ, 
but also for the joy we have of meeting our friends. 

There is a time when we all want a friend — it is 
when the shadows of death are falling around us — 

when the doctor says he can do no more for us— when 
breathing becomes more difficult, and when the pulse 
beats more slowly— when darkness settles around us, 
and we feel life slowly ebbing away— when our dear 
ones have given us their last good-bye and stand with 
sad countenances around us— when all earthly help is 
gone, and we feel the earth slipping away from be- 
neath us— then we want to fall into the arms of a 
Loving Savior. 

"0 blessed thought, 
O hope with every promise fraught." 

Fruita, Colo. ~«~. 

A Boy's Needs 

(Continued from Page 23) 

his assistance on the journey. He'll be on time and 
make good, if you give him the proper appreciation. 
He'll do it every time. Do not start him on a job and 
expect him to keep at it without that genuine partner- 
ship that helps do the job—" the spirit of cooperation." 
We are social creatures, and must have companion- 
ship. A boy is the beginning of a man. He is not 
a house plant, but a creature of God's out-of-doors, 
and it is natural for him to have the desire to tramp, 
roam, fish, and exploit the open country. In this the 
father can best furnish the companionship that nour- 
ishes, fosters and develops the boy's interest into those 
things that go to make up a sturdy citizen. 

I have in mind a little fellow of eight years— very 
frail and exceedingly effeminate— who came my way 
to be tucked under my arm, and to watch how he 
grew. Now six years have passed. From the kinder- 
garten he has now reached the high school. I have 
watched his development with a kindly interest. From 
a frail physique he has grown to a vigorous young 
athlete of studious mind and ambitious attitude. The 
fatherly interest and solicitous care has done its work, 
and started him on the road to a life more aboundingly, 
as God would have us best express the spiritual truth : 
" I am my brother's keeper." 

Fathers, keep close to your boys ! Give them that 
friendship needed for their spiritual development. 
They will learn from you lessons of life, so greatly 
needed by them, and you will be better from the 
experience of a close companionship with them, there- 
by walking hand in hand through life to the mutual 
benefit of both. 

JH North Seventeenth Street, Kansas City, Kansas. 


" Write what thoii^seest, and tend it unto the churches " 


I often think of the days of my early childhood, and 
the changes that have taken place since the time when I 
was a boy, just in my teens. 

Seventy years ago, in the East, we would sometimes go 
to Sunday-school barefooted when it was warm and dry. 
Many of the boys -would go that way. In those days you 
would not see the pride you do now. There was more 
love for each other then. Since that time, pride has too 
largely taken the place of love. In that early day you 
would not hear of so many divorces as you do now. There 
were not as many robberies and murders. 

Pride is the great sin of the present time. When pride 
is in the heart, love is out. Pride is one of Satan's schemes 
to lead humanity astray. As it was in the days of Noah, 
so it will be in the end of time. Pride will be as the stubble 
of the field — when the stubble gets too thick, God will set 
fire to it, and neither root nor branch will be left. Where, 
oh, where, will pride be. when the earth is on fire and the 
elements will melt with fervent heat? Nothing but the 
love of God will endure. S. F. Young. 

Versailles, Ohio. , „ , 


let him call for the elders of the church; 

have the faith that we should have, when we pray and 
anoint the sick. The Lord has promised to raise up the af- 
flicted ones, and to save them. May the Lord increase 
our faith ! 

Dr. Price lays his hands upon the sick and crippled and 
commands the disease to depart in the name of Jesus 
Christ. Then the affliction leaves— in some cases instantly: 
in others, a few days are required.' Dr. Price claims that 
the power is coming back to the churches again— the faith 
and power they once had. 

Some of the other preachers in Albany have received 
the power now also, and are healing the sick through 
prayer and the anointing. The people come for miles, to 
hear and see the power of God manifested in the.Jieahng 
of the sick and crippled. Dr. Price has already made 
hundreds of converts. 

I trust these few lines may help us to have more faith 
and trust in the promises of God, for the promise is for all 
of us, if we will, but believe and accept it. 

Albany, Oregon. . T . R- L- Graybill. 


It is remarkable what we see and hear when among 
strangers. It makes me wonder: "What must humanity 
be in the sight of the All-wise, All-seeing God?" 

People are quite willing to wear the uniform demanded 
by organizations of the world, but when it comes to wear- 
ing the simple attire that pleases the Lord, they arc 
ashamed to show by their apparel that they are Christians. 
Last Sunday I was in a Sunday-school class-not in the 
Church of the Brethren, because there is none, here in 
Miami. Three young boys came to the women's class 
and asked if they were willing to help the boys to buy 
uniforms for the basket-ball game. They needed fifty dol- 
lars The boys made a speech, mentioning the fact that 
people should know where they belong. To that end 
they wanted uniforms. They went from class to class. 
From the class I was in they got ten dollars out of the 

The incident suggested- some thoughts along the line ot 
a uniform. If those boys had been under the influence of 
the Holy Spirit, and had gone from class to class, telling 
of their determination to wear a uniform, by which people 
could tell that they belong on the Lord's side, their en- 
deavor would have been well pleasing to our Heavenly 
Father What about ball games? Participants in these 
games are all too often crippled for life, and some are 
killed. , , , , 

Just to think that a Sunday-school class would help 
these boys along the line referred to, when they know 
that these uniforms will be used on the Lord's Day, to 
play ball in the-various cities of the United States! 

There are a few members here, of the Church of the 
Brethren, and we pray that some minister might come 
here and that a church might be organized in Miami. 
The "Gospel Messenger" is very helpful to us. 

In conclusion I want to say this: The men who belong 
to a lodge are not ashamed to show their lodge emblem 
on their coat. The army men are willing to wear their 
uniform to show where they belong. The conductor on 
the train shows by his garb where he belongs. Why are 
so many members of the church ashamed to show that 
they are God's children, and belong on the Lords side? 
Isn't it remarkable? Amanda B. Snyder. 

260 N. W. Fourth Street, Miami, Fla. 

k imi'i.i.. yuu: i' , jiiiej l i.. iui int.- cmcia ui m liihi'.u, 
. pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of 
id the prayer of fa^th shall save the sick, and the Lord 
urn up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be 

" Is any sick among y 

and let them pray 

the Lord 

shall rnibt •■ 

forgiven him" (James 5: 14. IS). 

This passage of Scripture was brought more vividly 

to my mind during the last few weeks than ever before, 

because of the revival campaign, here in Albany, by Dr. 

Price, of California. He stirred up the people of Albany, 

and the country surrounding this place, more thoroughly 

than they ever were before. He preaches the Gospel, and 

heals the sick and crippled of all kinds by anointing them 

with oil and by prayer. Hundreds of poor souls are healed 

of disease by the power of God. 

I am just wondering, dear brethren and sisters, if we 

Mcpherson bible institute 

A Bible Institute will be held at McPherson College 
Jan. 21-28. Jan. 21, 11:30 A. M., Sermon. Dr. Kurtz. 8 
P M„ Sermon, Dr. Flory. 

The speakers for each day and their general subjects 
are as follows: 8 to 9 A. M., Pastoral Problems, Rev. 
Richards. 9 to 10 A. M., The Biblc.-Studebaker. 10:30 
to 11 : 30 A. M„ Religious Education.— Dr. Flory. 11 : 30 
to 12:30 A. M., Pauline Literature, Conversion, etc.— Dee- 
ter. 1:30 to 2:30 P. M., The Rural Church.— Eshelman. 
2:30 to 3:30, Religious Education, Dr. Flory. 3:30 to 
4- 30 P M , Monday to Wednesday, Agriculture, by Mohler, 
and Domestic Art by Walters; Thursday to Saturday, 
The Reformation, Dr. Craik. 7 : 30 to 8 : 30, Drama, Musical 
and Lectures. 

Jan. 28. 11 A. M„ Sermon, Rev. Richards. 8 P. M., Mis- 
sionary Sermon, Prof. Yoder. 

If entertainment is desired write to Prof. Deeter, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. . _^ 

The congregation at Sterling, together with a number 
of the friends of the church, enjoyed a Christmas pro-' 
gram, on Sunday evening, Dec. 24, consisting of recita- 
tions, exercises,, and songs, rendered by members from 
every department of the Sunday-school. Every one par- 
ticipating seemed at his best, and endeavored to impress 
his particular message of the Christ upon the hearts of 
the attentive and appreciative audience. 

The program closed with an appeal for money for the 
Italian churchhouse. to be built in Brooklyn, N. Y., result- 
ing in an offering of something over $42. This, together 
with the morning Sunday-school offering, brought the 
total for the day above ?55, which was gratifying to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


and we trust pleasing to the Father, considering that 
our total average attendance at Sunday-school is less 
than seventy. Other appeals for money have also been 
responded to from time to time. Pledges and cash for 
Near East Relief work for the coming year totaled $158.00. 
Some changes are being made in the administration of 
the church and Sunday-school work. Instead of a treas- 
urer for the various funds, a financial board, consisting 
of three members, is to receive and disburse all the funds, 
excepting those of the Aid Society. This board also pre- 
pares the budget from year to year, and has general super- 
vision of all solicitations and canvasses to be made. Mem- 
bers of the above mentioned board for the year 1923 are: 
Miss Jennie Hoak, president or chairman; Bro. Peter 
Frantz, secretary; Bro. Lemuel Hauger, treasurer. 

Sunday-school officers for 1923 are as follows: Bro. 
Henry Gerdes, superintendent, with Bro. C. W. Cosey, 
associate; Sister Laura Cosey, superintendent of primary 
department. Church officers will be elected at the regular 
members' meeting, Jan. 8. 

The Aid Society has done excellent work throughout 
the year, meeting regularly, every two weeks, in an all- 
day meeting. The annual report of their work will appear 

We are hoping to see every department of the church 
work making marked progress as v^e enter the New Year. 
A Young People's Department in the Christian Workers 
has been organized, and though few in number, they are 
manifesting interest and enthusiasm in their part of the 

We regret very much that four of our number, who 
were quite active and helpful in the work here, have 
moved away, but we trust that they will fit into the work 
nicely where they have gone. 

We are glad to have with us again, Sister Katy Myers, 
who had been making her home in Pasadena, Calif., for 
some time. We welcome all who may have their eyes 
upon Sterling, and feel sure that they can be mutually 
helpful to each other, in the service of the King. 

E. F. Caslow. .-»_ 

We have tried to keep our brethren and sisters informed 
as to the progress made in our school work here. We 
are glad to be able to say that we expect to open the 
school early in January. The new dormitory is practical- 
ly ready for occupancy and several Aid Societies and 
individuals have sent in bedding, etc., toward furnishing 
the rooms. Others have promised to help, so that we 
have reason to be grateful. 

But in one respect we feel that the Brotherhood has 
not responded as we had hoped. We were to solicit until 
we secured $10,000 outside of the District, and so far much 
less than one-tenth of this amount has been given to the 
school. If our people could realize how important this 
work is, of Americanizing and Christianizing the Mexicans, 
we are confident they would respond much more liberally 
than they have. We have always found them willing to 
help in a good cause, though at times a little slow to be 
convinced. The expense of buildings will continue for 
some time yet, for we expect the work to grow. There 
will also be the expense of boarding and teaching these 
children of a foreign race. This will amount to $100 a 
year for each one. 

After a time we hope to make the school self-support- 
ing, but before that can be brought about, more land must 
be cleared and put under cultivation. In the meantime the 
bills for improvements must be paid. This has been done 
right along, up to date. But we need the cooperation of 
our brethren and sisters. 

It has seemed to us that a number of Societies or Sun- 
day-schools in the Brotherhood might be glad to support 
one of these young people each year. Thus a greater 
number of the Mexicans yould have a fair chance in life. 
We know that there are many individual members who 
can well afford to use a part of their wealth in this way. 
In reality, the wealth is not ours, even though it stands 
in our name. We are but the stewards— the servants— to 
whose keeping the Lord has intrusted a part of his wealth. 
We hope to hear from those who can give and who feel 
that they should give for the work. We shall report 
progress from time to time. 

Do not put this off, but write at once and send money 
or a pledge, so that we may know what to count on. 
Contributions, whether of money or furnishings, should 
be sent to the undersigned. 

Mrs. John Stump, Treasurer. 

work, which was in the early part of Bro. Royer's illness. 
At the age of seventy-four he had been faithfully carrying 
the burden of two services each Sunday, from the early 
part of August to November, and with this added burden 
and his physical weakness, he succumbed to the disease. 
He called for the anointing, which was administered by 
Bro. Hiram Smith and the writer. Ofttimes he called for 

The members of the Portland church owe much to Bro. 
Royer, for through his efforts the preaching services were 
kept up and the work was in good condition when the 
writer came. The Portland church is to be commended 
for its willingness to help during the time of need. To 
his wife and companion all credit is due for her great de- 
votion and patient service to the last. May God give us 
more workers of that sortl J. W. Barnett. 

Portland, Ore. . » . 


Since our last report the Plymouth church has enjoyed 
some good things. The last one of the ten group meet- 
ings of Northern Indiana was held here. Brethren Bon- 
sack, Deeter, Flory and Ulery, were with us. The three 
sessions were well attended and intensely interesting. 
The brethren all seemed to be at their best. The meeting 
was a spiritual uplift to the church. 

Our Thanksgiving services were held in the evening, 
conducted by our pastor. A liberal offering was lifted 
for world-wide missions. One of the splendid features 
of the day was the effort put forth in sending out baskets 
of provisions and cash offerings to the needy. 

We held our last quarterly members' meeting recently, 
with our elder presiding. There was a good attendance 
and a fine interest in all the work done. We received 
one letter of membership. The officers for the next year's 
work were elected as follows: Trustees, Brethren William 
Burns and Edward Price; clerk, Harry Rohrcr; corre- 
spondent, Sister Edith O. Burroughs. Our Christian 
Workers' president is Bro. Harry Rohrer ; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. Cecil Reed. A number of commit- 
tees were appointed to serve in the different lines of 
church work. 

The yearly report of the pastor was read and ac- 
cepted with a rising vote of thanks for the work done. 
A report of the work done by the Aid Society was read, 
showing a splendid spirit of willingness to exercise in 
that capacity. Other reports were read, showing much 
good, wholesome work done during the year. 

All the officers and teachers will be installed on Sun- 
day, Dec. 31. Our young people's class rendered a very 
interesting program on Sunday evening recently, when 
they set up and furnished the "Jewish Tabernacle." Each 
one explained the character and use of the article of 
furniture he had in hand before placing it where it be- 
longed. It proved to be a very instructive service, and 
was appreciated by a large audience. 

Our Christmas program was good, but the best thing 
we have to report, this Christmas time, is the splendid 
spirit of giving to the needy. Teachers and classes forgot 
self and sent casli offerings to some of our worthy institu- 
tions. Some sent clothing to the Orphans' Home, and 
others sent out baskets of good things to the shut-ins, 
thus making Christmas time a real joy to all. 

A. Laura Applcman. 

a good program was rendered by the children, followed 
with an address by Bro. Wm. Zobler. He also preached 
to these members on the eve of the previous day. 

Nov. 12, following the regular program of the Christian 
Workers' Society on Prohibition Enforcement, an address 
was delivered at the Lebanon churchhouse by Bro. R. W. 
Schlosser. He plainly showed that Satan and his hosts 
are not slumbering, and that we must exercise eternal 
vigilance if we would have national prohibition continue. 
The church experienced a rich feast during the Bible 
Institute, held here Nov. 24-26, with seven sessions. The 
instructors were J. I. Baughcr and R. W. Schlosser. The 
latter left with us a better understanding of Hebrews, 
while Bro. Baughcr gave rich addresses on various sub- 
jects of interest. 

The Willing Workers' Class has, for some time, been 
holding a monthly prayer meeting in the home of Brother 
and Sister Light— both shut r ins. The Mission Workers' 
efforts are also commendable. For some years they have 
been supporting an orphan in India. 

A Sunday-school business session was held Dec. 1. 
Among other things we decided to invest in a workers' 
library, the books to be selected by the Educational Com- 

Dec. 24 a young lady, belonging to the mission workers' 
class, was haptized. 

Dec. 26 the church met in regular council in the Lebanon 
house with Eld. Martin in charge. Brethren I. W. Taylor 
and John Herr, members of the Ministerial Board, were 
present. Bro. Alvan Brightbill, one of our boys, now at 
Elizabethtown, in preparation for the mission field, pre- 
sented himself as a voluntary candidate for the ministry. 
By private vote he was almost unanimously chosen. An 
impressive consecration service followed, and he was 
licensed to preach. The church has great hopes in his 
usefulness for the Master. One was received again into 
church fellowship. Certificates were granted and received. 
A committee was appointed to get up a church directory. 
Martha Z. Eckert. 


Josiah A. Royer was born March 8, 1848, in Miami 
County, Ind., and died Nov. 24, 1922. The church has lost 
a faithful minister and the community a true friend. As 
one of the early pioneers of the church work in Oregon, 
and one of four of the charter members, still remaining, 
of the Powells Valley church, organized in an early day, 
Bro. Royer has watched the growth with ever-increasing 
interest. His one great desire was the development of 
the Kingdom. Even during his last illness, his first 
thought was for the church. 

The writer arrived in Portland Nov. 3, to take up church 


Eld. C. L. Wilkins, of Grand Rapids, spent several days 
with the Pontiac Mission and gave us some valuable as- 
sistance. Our small band of faithful workers was en- 
couraged to continue with the work. Bro. Arthur Mote, 
pastor of the Detroit church, and a number of other 
brethren from Detroit, were also present for the installa- 
tion of two deacons. The Detroit church has made ar- 
rangements for some of their ministers to preach for us 
every other Sunday. 

Our Sunday-school gave a Christmas program, which 
was attended by eighty-nine people, mostly children. 

Our work has grown very rapidly since it first started. 
Fewer than a dozen children met at first in the writer's 
home. Now we have a church building 34 by 50, not yet 
completed, but sufficiently so that we are able to hold 
our services in it. Sixteen have been baptized during the 
past year and a number have handed in their letters. Our 
services are attended by a great many people who never 
heard of the Church of the Brethren before the mission 
was started here. Prospects are good for work here the 
coming season, and wages are also good. We need more 

We would be pleased to hear from any members living 
in this vicinity. Enoch J- Eh ^- 

139 North Jessie Street, Pontiac, Mich. 


For the purpose of more fully indoctrinating the mem- 
bers of the mission at the Valley schoolhouse, a tent 
meeting was held Oct. 1-8. A series of doctrinal sermons 
was preached by six different ministers, four being from 
Elizabethtown College. 

Nov. 6 the mission Sunday-school held a Children's Day 
service. Under the supervision of Sister Cora McKinney 


Though no report has been given of the activities of this 
church for some time, we have been moving on. Located 
out here in the country, where some say Illinois' worst 
roads are, and where, we will admit, it is not the best 
traveling in bad weather, yet many are to be found in 
their places at church services, no matter what condition 
the roads are in. 

Recently our Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. 
Chas. Davis as superintendent. Bro. Davis and his wife, 
who united with the church just a little more than a 
year ago, are among our most faithful workers. Bro. 
Davis has been president of our Men's Class for some 
time and now has been chosen to direct the entire Sun- 
day-school. Bro. David E. Stauffer, who was our superin- 
tendent last year, was very efficient— always in his place- 
but he felt unable, because of physical conditions, to serve 
another year. 

At our Thanksgiving service an offering of $45.44 was 
taken, which has been sent to the District Mission Board. 
Just recently our Sunday-school class of young people 
bought a $25 share in our India Mission Work. This class 
is now taught by Bro. C. W. Stauffer. The Women's 
Excelsior Class has lifted a Christmas offering of $19.50, 
which they intend to send to the Bethany Hospital. This 
class is being taught by Sister Rosa Trump. At our 
Christmas program, given last Sunday by the children of 
the Sunday-school, an offering of $18 was given fdr the 
Italian Mission church. 

Dec. 21 we held our regular council with Eld. S. S. Plum 
in- charge. The pastor and wife tendered their resigna- 
tion, to take effect May 30. For fifteen years of our life 
the writer has been active as a traveling salesman, and 
in 1920 gave up that work to engage in pastoral work. 
We can truthfully say that never, in all our life, have we 
done anything that we have enjoyed as much as we have 
our labors here in the Pine Creek church. Because of 
the absence of high school privileges, however, we have 
deemed it best to locate where we will have those ad- 
vantages. Any church, looking for a pastor, and located 
at a point where high school privileges can be enjoyed, 
will please communicate with the writer. At the same 
time we would suggest that any pastor, whose children 
are through high school or who are not yet ready for 
high school, communicate with this church. Write Burt 
P. Stauffer, Route 3, Polo, 111. J- W. Fyock. 

Polo, 111. ~— 

December 14 
'Twas a beautiful drive over the winding ways of Bent 
Mountain, from Copper Hill, in Floyd County, down and 
out to Roanoke City. Pleasant memories of Floyd linger 
with me. Almost every home is built near a spring, or 
at least a stream, and stands at the foot of a great hill. 
The everlasting hills are there. The people are just folks 
like the rest of us. 

The children appear a bit shy. at first, but they are 

astonishingly eager to learn, and the grown-ups 4ove the 

church. Parents are beginning to appreciate the fact 

(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 

Notes From Our Correspondent* 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 









was favored with a Bible Institute 

„ .'he members of the Live Wire Clam 

1 Ml that they would like to do some defin: 

it of the community, and arranged the - 


of the Sunday- 
te work for the 
titutc. The in- 
i„."l." V.' Fundcrburgh, president of La Verne Col- 
o [.eland Brubakcr and wife, and Miss Minneva Neher. al 
Verne Prof. Fundcrburgh gave us work on the Book of 
,s Brother and Sister Brubakcr had charge of the music. 
„ Neh'cr spoke on mission work and the God-consc.ous life. 
\ll these workers did a great deal of good, which will long be re- 
mem here. I. On Thanksgiving Day we had a basket dinner at the 
church, ami everyone enjoyed the day. Dee 11 the La ton church 
mel in council. Two letters were granted. Christian Workers ol- 
ficen were elected for six months. It was decided to have a acnes 
of meetings sometime in March. We will hold an election for deacons 
in the near future. Bro. John Coffman will b- our pastor for an- 
other ycar.-Myrtle Julius, Laton, Calif., Dec. 29. 

Live Onk.-Our revival meetings, held Dec. 4-17, proved very sue- 
ccssful. Brother and Sister D. Warren Shock, of Raisin City, Calif., 
were with us The latter conducted the singing. In spite of bad 
weather, the crowds were regular, and a deep interest was shown 
throughout. Thirteen accepted Christ-twelve being Sunday-school 
children, Dec. 24 our Sunday-school gave the Christmas program 
With a splendid audience in attendance.-Alicc Ott, Live Oak, Calif., 
Dec. 30. 

Pomona church met in council Dec. 11 to elect the Sunday-school 
and church officers for the coming year. Bro. V. R. Hartman was 
reelected superintendent; Sister L. R. Kagarice, superintendent of the 
Primary Department; Sister Mabel Neher, president of the Christian 
Workers' Band; Bro. Jacob Funk, elder. Dec. 21 the children gave 



24 the chorus 
The work 

rendered a very 
here ia progress- 
e winter with us 
ig to California.— 

pleasing cantata to a large audience, 
ing very nicely. A few tourists arc spenu 
and we welcome any one who contemplates 
Louise Neher Baldwin, Pomona, Calif., Jan. I, 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. D. W. Crist 
presiding. G. II. Bashor, of Glcndora, was chosen elder; S. L. 
Gross, clerk; Sister Lizzie R. Pugh. "Messenger" agent and church 
correspondent; S. L. Gross, Sunday-school superintendent; Sisters 
Lannic Gross and E. S. Teeter, superintendents of Cradle Roll. Three 

hosen to correspond 

presiding. Bro. Ira Weaver, of Cherry Grove, also was present. 
Bro. Ed Martin and wife were installed into the deacon's office. 
We held our election for Sunday-school officers and Bro. Joe Fox 
was chosen superintendent; Sister Cora Boyd, superintendent of 
Home Department. Our Thanksgiving offering was $86 for mission 
work We took another collection of $25 for the Italian Mission. 
Our juniors gave a Christmas program.— Mrs. E. Weigle, Shannon, 
III., Dec. 30. 

Vfrden church has enjoyed another joyful Christmas season. On 
the morning of Dec. 24 we were inspired by a Christmas message 
from Bro. R. A. Sherman, of Auburn. Ind. In the evening a splendid 
entertainment, The White Christmas, was rendered by our young 
people. At the close every Sunday-school class carried to the 
white-covered altar some " white gift for the King." A number of 
baskets were taken to the needy, and $56 

Italian mission of Brooklyn, 
all. was a 
School, on 

Brubakcr, Virdci 

letters were received. A committee of two \ 

with Bro. Geo. Carl, of Hcnnosa Beach, to secure him : 
revival in the near future. A board of five was chosen for 
eational work.-Lizzie R. Pugh, Santa Ana, Calif.. Dec. 28. 

Bow Volley church met in council Dec. 26. with Bro. J. H. Bru- 
bakcr ns moderator. Bro. Melvin Rensbcrgcr opened the meeting. 
Officers were chosen for the coming year; Bro. J. H. Brubaker was 
reelected elder; Sister Sadie Mason. Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister Roscoe Shatto. superintendent of the Cradle Roil Department 
and also "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. It was de- 
cided, at this time, to hold a midweek Bible class this winter. Our 
Christmas program was rendered on Sunday evening. Dec. 24. After 
the program an offering of $24.21 was lifted for the Brooklyn Italian 
Mission.— Mrs. Everett Bowman, Glcichcn, Alta.. Can., Dec. 29. 


Jaroao.— Being authorized by our last District Meeting to organize 
ii church at Jaroso. the brethren of this community met at the home 
of Bro. R. A. Jarboe Dec. 16 for that purpose. Eld. D. 0. Cottrell. 
of Rocky Ford, had charge of the meeting. We organized with twenty 
charter members. The following officers were elected: Bro. W. D. 
Harris, elder; Bro. Marion Roesch. rfhurch clerk; the writer, corre- 
spondent; church trustees: J. H. Roesch, R. A. Jarboe, M. C. Rocsch, 
W. D. Harris and S. E. Harris. It seemed advisable to install a dea- 
con at this time, and Bro. R. A. Jarboe was chosen. Sister Roesch 
was installed into the ministry, her husband, Bro. Marion Rocsch, 
having been installed before their marriage. At the next council 
meeting, Dec. 28, Sunday-school and olher officers were elected, with 
Bro. J. H. Roesch superintendent. Dec. 17 we enjoyed hearing Bro. 
Cottrell preach two excellent sermons. Our Christian Workers' serv. 
ices ace generally well attended.— J. R. Jarboe, Jaroso, Colo., Dec. 29. 
Rocky Ford.-Tbe " Fathers and Sons" Banquet " was a decided suc- 
cess, with about eighty-five present. All enjoyed the interest- 
ing program and general good time, and were very enthusiastic for 
another banquet 1 next December. A " Mothers and Daughters' 
Banquet " is being planned and promises also to be a Success. Our 
Christmas program was held Christmas Eve and many interest- 
ing numbers were given. The offering totaled $115, of which $50 will 
he sent to the Italian Mission in Brooklyn and the rest to the 
Near East Relief. Dec. 31 Bro. Earl W. Roop. of Maryland, de- 
livered the sermons of the day. His subject in the morning was, 
" The Two Crosses." and in the evening. " Do the Mormons Need 
Christ?" He gave an interesting account of the Mormon people 
and their beliefs, also the history of the organization, closing with 
an appeal for others to take up the work of saving pcopl? from 
becoming Mormons, and helping the Mormons to Christ. Bro. Roop 
has worked for about two years among the Mormons of Utah, 
consequently his information was fresh and accurate. — Frances Santee, 
Rocky Ford, Colo., Jan. 1. 

Arcadia church met in members* meeting Dec. 16, l 
.H. Garst presiding. Letters of membership of Eld. J. 
and family, of Lancaster, Pa., were received. The folio' 
were unanimously reelected: Bro. J. H. Garst. elder; 
Moriarity, church clerk; Bro. Chas. Trump, Sunday - 
intendent. New officers installed included Bro. S. W. Bail, resident 
pastor; Sister Mary Trump. Christian Workers' president; the 
writer, correspondent. We arc glad to welcome new members to 
church fellowship. We will cheerfully answer inquiries of all who 
may he interested hi this part of Florida.— Cloc Tracy, Arcadia, Fla., 

rith Eld. J. 

W. Myers 
ving officers 

Bro. John 

ichool super- 

blessing, greatly enjoyed by 
by Bro. J. W. Lear, of Bethany Bible 
ecd of Religion." The cli 
the last night of 1922, whi 
'■ Past Altai 
111., J 

of the entire Christ- 
our pastor gave a most 
Future Hopes." — Stella 

n. 2. 


in council Dec. 15, 

Dec. 20. 

Bethel church 
our love feast J; 

ct in special council Dec. 30. preparatory to 
i. 13. The annual visit showed the church in 
love and union. We were glad to receive eleven members into our 
church by letter. We are having a delightful winter, with fine 
gardens. Potato planting will begin in a few days.— I. H. Crist, 
Middleburg. Fla.. Dec. 31. 

Sebring,— With us Christmas was a very pleasant day. The 
weather was so warm that one could scarcely realize it was December. 
On Christmas Eve a very good program was rendered at the church. 
in which " giving " was the thought most prominent. An offering 
of $115.87 was lifted for the Brooklyn Italian church. Since our 
last writing, Bro. McCune, of Ottawa. Kans., who was spending the 
winter at his home hera. has passed away. He was greatly be- 
lt, ved by all, Eld, J. H. and Mrs. Garst arc spending the holidays 
in Virginia. Eld. D. H. Zigler and wife, with many others, are help- 
ing us wonderfully in our work here.— Lena Marchand, Sebring, Fla., 
Dec. 28. 


Franklin Grove church met in business session Dec. 16 and elected 
officers for the coming year: B«i. O. D. Buck, elder; Bro. Harvey 
Pfoutz. Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Jlary Lahman, church 
correspondent. Dee. 17 Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mt. Morris, gave us 
two splmdid sermons. Dee! 24 the Sunday-school rendered a Christ- 
mas program. An offering of $142.93 was taken for the Brooklyn 
mission. Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 21, with Bro. C. B. 
Smith, of Martinsburg, Pa., in charge.— Mrs. D. W. Beachley, 
Franklin Grove, 111.. Dec. 27. 

Shannon church met in council Dec. 16. with Eld. Chas. Delp 

Auburn City church met in council Dec. 15, with the pastor, Bro. 
W. R. Shull, presiding. Al! church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' officers were elected. Mr. Albert King is superintendent; 
t(!c writer, Christian Workers' president; Bro. Frank Krcidcr, elder 
for another year. The Sunday-school has recently made two ap- 
propriations toward a basement fund, which the church desires to 
build as soon as possible. The resignation of the pastor has been., 
pending, to take effect as soon as a good man can be secured. Eld. 
S. J. Burger, of Howe, Ind., has moved in and taken charge of the 
work with the beginning of this year. Brother and Sister Shull will 
be in Manchester College until May, after which they will do 
evangelistic work.— Florence Hanson, Auburn, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Bachelor Run church met in council Dec 9, with Eld. Jerry Barn- 
hart presiding. Four letters were granted. The Sunday-school 
was reorganized, with Bro. Herman Patterson, superintendent of the 
main school; Sister Blanche Myer, of the Primary Department. 
Sister Elma Landis is president of the Christian Workers. The 
church met in called council Dec. 20 to install Bro. Wm. Angle as 
elder. Brethren Crosswhite. Holsinger and Fisher held the in- 
stallation service. The church elected Brethren Angle and Barn- 
hart for another year. On the previous Sunday the Sunday-school 
took a collection of $25 for the Brooklyn Mission.— Mrs. Mary Moshicr, 
Bringhurst. Ind., Dec. 28. 

Blue River church met in council Dec. 30. with Eld. M. Deeter pre- 
siding. A good representation of members was present. Six letters 
were granted. A sound and timely admonition was given by Bro. 
Deeter. The Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society elected 
new officers, and various committees were chosen. Bro. Wagner was 
chosen to be our minister, if satisfactory arrangements can be 
made. Bro. Deeter remained for Sunday services. In the morning 
he delivered an inspiring sermon on "Some of the Gifts of God." 
which was appreciated by all. In the evening we received fine in- 
structions on the subject of "Our Reading."— Mrs. E. J. Harlan. 
Churubusco, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Krcider 
presiding. With our Sunday-school officers and teachers chosen and 
installed, we are now ready to begin the new year with more earnest 
zeal and determination. May the new year find the Church of the 
Brethren as a unit, praying the Lord of the harvest to send forth 
workers to gather the sheaves.— Mabel Bigler, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 30. 
First Church (South Bend) met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. 
H. H. Helman presiding, assisted by Eld. Kreider, of Elkhart Valley. 
Officers for the coming year were elected, with Bro. R. E. Burger, 
clerk; Sister Bertha Price, "Messenger" agent; Sunday-school 
superintendents, Brethren P. G. Stahley and Chas. Yodcr ; junior 
superintendents. Bro. Chas. Steele and Sister M. O. Troyer. Services 
were held on Thanksgiving Day and an offering of $51 was taken 
for mission work. Dec. 17 Bro. J. E. Ulery, of North Manchester, 
preached for us oh the subject, " How to Specialize in Religion." A 
program was given on Christmas Eve. New Year's eve the chorus 
of thirty voices will render a cantata entitled, " The Wondrous 
Light," under the direction of our song leader, G. E. Roop. The 
work and interest of the church and Sunday-school is progressing 
since we are in the new building. — Mrs. Mary Morris, Mishawaka, 
Ind., Dec. 31. 

Muncie.— Dec. 31 we reorganized our Sunday-school for 1923, with 
Bro. John Arnold, superintendent. Afterward we had the happy 
privilege of listening to a Gospel sermon by our pastor, Bro. Geo. 
L. Studebakcr, on the subject, "The Untraveled Road." His text 
was, " For ye have not traveled this way heretofore." He told us 
why we ought to be careful; how wc should live in the year of 
1923, for it is an untraveled road and it is uncertain just when our 
journey may be ended. Two came forward and were reclaimed.— 
Geo. Kimmel, Muncie, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Pine Creek (West Goshen).— Bro. Manly Deeter spent Sunday, Dec. 
17, with us. In the morning he conducted installation services for 
the Sunday-school and Christian Workers, with Lewis Miller, super- 
intendent of the former; Ira J. Shidlcr, president of the latter. Bro. 
Deeter gave us an excellent sermon on "The Holy Spirit" at the 
evening session.— Ira J. Shidter, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Roann.— Nov. 1 our Christian Workers' Society gave a temperance 
program. On the following Sunday evening each division began the 
study of India. The two classes (adult and young people's) have 
completed India and are now ready to take up China. While the 
junior class will only have the work of India, all arc very much 
interested. Brother and Sister Ross recently spent an entire day 
with us. They gave wonderful talks on India in the foreuoon. At 
the noon hour a basket dinner was served, after which a social 
chat was enjoyed. At 1:30 Brother and Sister Ross gave talks on 
"Men of India" and "Women of India" to the men and women 
respectively, which talks were very much appreciated. A very profit- 
able day was spent. The adult and young people's divisions will have 
a joint program of the work on China when completed. We expect 
Bro. Brubaker to be with us in the near future. Dec. 24 we gave 
a Christmas program to a well-filled house. Brother and Sister Cover 
have now moved to town and will he with us for another year. We 
have enjoyed the past year's work with them. — Mrs. EstelVa Mussel- 
man. Denver, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Spring Creek.— Thanksgiving evening we met in communion service. 
Bro. R. H. Miller, of North Manchester, had charge, assisted by our 
pastor and several visiting brethren. The service was very im- 
pressive and helpful to all. Dec. 31, immediately after Sunday- 
school, installation services were held for our officers and teachers. 
This service was helpful, and server to impress upon all the' 
necessity of prayer and faithful cooperation.— Mrs. Ada Mishlcr, 
South Whitley, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Sugar Creek.— We enjoyed a splendid New Year's service Dec. 31. 
In the morning our pastor, Bro. H, E. Swihart, gave a very force- 
ful address, reviewing vividly our record for the year just ended, 
after which he made a most convincing appeal for a united and de- 
voted response to the call of the new year. A full staff of teachers 
was chosen for our Sunday-school for the year. At the evening 
service our young people were formally organized into a working 
body, to be known as the Tunker Young People's Department. Great 
enthusiasm was manifested in the work of organization and in the 
prospects for a successful future.— Mrs. H. E. Swihart, South Whitley, 
Ind., Jan. 1. 

Union Center (South Union House).— Bro. I. S. Burns, of Etna 
Green, Ind.. was with us Dec. 12-24. He preached thirteen Spirit- 
filled sermons, which were much appreciated. He also did much 
personal work. The song service was under the direction of Bro. 
Burns. We will reorganize our Sunday-school Dec. 31.— Vernon E. 
Miller. Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Union City church met in council Dec. IS, with Eld. Chas. Flory 
presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. Flory, 
elder for three years; Bro. Arthur Dodge, clerk; Bro. W. P. Noff- 

crc packed at 
Bruce Bohrer, 

singer, Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 24 was a day full of 
good things. In the morning the children gave a program of read- 
ings, songs and exercises, which was much appreciated. An offer- 
ing was lifted for the Italian Mission. In the evening the young 
people rendered the pageant. " White Gifts for the King." This was 
very beautiful and impressive. At the close of the program four 
little girls gathered up the gifts brought by the congregation and 
laid them at the foot of the cross. Christmas Day these gifts were 
distributed among the needy of our city.— Mrs. Arthur Dodge, Union 
City, Ind., Dec. 28. 

West Eel River church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Abram 
Miller presiding. Officers for the following year were elected as 
follows: Elder, G. O. Bridge; clerk, Sherman Rhodes; trustee, Jos. 
Metzger; " Messenger " agent, Cora Metzgcr; superintendent of 
Sunday-school, C. E. Rush; correspondent, the writer. Members 
were also chosen on various committees. Dec. 10 Brother and Sister 
A. W. Ross, returned missionaries, gave us very interesting talks 
on the work in India, which were highly appreciated. In the even- 
ing the Field Secretary of the Indiana Anti-Saloon League gave a 
good lecture.— Gladys Bridge, Silver Lake, Ind., Dec. 28. 


Cedar church met in regular council Dec. 13, with Eld. John Zuck 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected. Thanksgiv- 
ing Day was observed by meeting at the church, at which time an 
offering of $$3.09 was lifted for missions. Our Sunday-school gave 
a very interesting program at Christmas time.— Annie Garner, Stan'- 
wood, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Garrison.— Quite a number spent Thanksgiving in an all-day service 
at the church. The pastor, Bro. Ulysses Hoeflc, delivered a very 
helpful sermon. At noon all enjoyed a basket dinner. A program 
had also been arranged for the afternoon. A number of uplifting 
talks were given by home members, with a song by a sextette. An 
offering was taken for the General Mission Board. With Eld. 
D. W. Miller in charge, the regular business meeting was held 
Dec. 16, for the election of officers for all departments of church 
work. Wc decided to have a Daily Vacation Bible School again 
next summer, but no definite time has been set. Our first school, 
held last summer, proved to be a success. Arrangements have been 
made for Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Pleasant Hill. Ohio, to conduct a 
series of meetings at this place prior to Annual Conference next 
summer. Our Christmas program was rendered on Sunday morn- 
ing. Bro. Dillon Gnagy del: 

ing. Prior to Thanksgiving, clothing and eatables 
the parsonage and sent to the needy in Chicago.— Mi 
Garrison, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Iowa River church met in council Dec. 9. Brother and Sister Mohlcr, 
of Colorado, presented their church letters and were accepted as 
members. Church officers were elected for the following year, with 
Bro. G. W. Keedy, elder.— Ota Lee Russell, Marshalltown, Iowa. Dec. 

Muscatine.— Our Sunday-school gave a splendid Christmas pro- 
gram Dec. 24 to an appreciative audience. The support and en- 
thusiasm of the young people was particularly encouraging. In 
addition to the various recitations and exeieises, the young men 
presented a scene representing the shepherds on the plains of 
Judca. As they dozed by the fire, a quartet, hidden from view, 
softly hummed the music of " Silent Night." This was accompanied 
by a reading of the story. Another scene revealed Mary at the 
manger, and the shepherds paid homage to her while the quartet 
sang the words of " Silent Night." As the music ended, the shep- 
herds left, and another scene with Mary at the manger was given, 
accompanied by a reader. The Home Department of our Sunday- 
school, which had been discontinued, was reorganized. The members 
are cooperating in a commendable way and the Lord is blessing the 
work.-D. M. Brower, Muscatine, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Panther Creek.— Our service, on Thanksgiving evening, was con- 
ducted by four of our sisters, each giving a well-prepared essay 
upon the thought of Thanksgiving and what it should mean to us. 
Our total offering for World-Wide Missions at this time was $131. 
Dec. 15 we met in our regular business session. Bro. E. F. Emmert 
was reelected to the superin tendency, with Bro. M. L. Mcssamcr 
as assistant. Other items of business were transacted for the 
care of the work here, which is moving along nicely. Our Junior 
Christian Workers' Society is doing good work. Recently they gave 
a pageant, "The Challenge of the Cross," which was very impressive. 
Our Christmas offering for the building of the Italian church- 
house at Brooklyn, amounted to $55. Wc have just closed a very 
interesting singing class, conducted by Bro. J. Emmert Stover.— 
M. L. Royer, Adcl, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Spring Creek church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. D. F. Landis 
presiding. Among those elected to office for the year are the fol- 
lowing: Elder, Bro. Harvey Gilliam; Sunday-school superintendent, 
Sister Addie Gilliam; "Messenger" agent and correspondent, Sister 
Marjorie L. Lewis; church clerk. Sister Elva Whitnabel; Christian 
Workers' president, Bro. C. F. Dutchcr.— Marjorie L. Lewis, Fred- 
ericksburg, Iowa, Jan. 3. 


Independence.— This church has just passed through a very in- 
spiring revival, conducted by Brother and Sister 0. H. Austin, of 
McPherson, Kans. They came to us Dec. 6 and continued the meet- 
ing until Christmas Eve. Eighteen came forward. The music, led 
by Sister Austin, contributed materially to the success of the meeting, 
and also was an inspiration to members of other churches, who so 
earnestly labored with us. We feel wonderfully strengthened spiritual- 
ly. Sister Pclla Carson, the former correspondent, is very ill at her 
Independence, Kans., Jan. 3. 

met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. R. A. Yoder 
s to us each week-end, until such time as a 
he secured. Church and Sunday-school of- 
elected: Bro. T. E. Mills, trustee; B. S. Katherman, 
clerk and "Messenger" agent; J. F. Metsker, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Dec. 24 the school rendered a very appropriate program. 
An offering of $12.75 was lifted for missions.— Mrs. B. S. Katherman, 
Lawrence, Kans., Jan. 1. 

Maple Grove church met in council Dec. 23. with Eld. A. J. Werten- 
berger presiding. Lydia Bishop was elected president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. The church decided not to retain our pastor, 
on account of financial considerations. A program was given on 
Christmas evening, which was well rendered to a good-sized audience. 
— Beulah Blickcnstaff, Norton, Kans.. Dec. 26. 

Parsons congregation met in business session Dec. 28, with Eld. 
J. S. Clark presiding. The 

home. — Clar; 

Lawrence church 
presiding. He comt 
resident pastor 

. J. S. Clark was choi 
church clerk; W. A. Hin 


Sister Myrtle Aitken; 
Amos; the writer, "Messenger" a 
Two letters were granted. Broth 
paring to begin their work Dec. 31. 

ual election of officers took place. 
for the coming year: W. F. Jones, 
stee; Sunday-school superintendent. 

s' president, Sister Mabel 
zent and church correspondent, 
r and Sister Austin are prc- 
-Julia C. Jones, Parsons, Kans., 

. 29. 

Bush Creek church and 
were elected for one yea 
Main. Teachers and offii 
junior and primary were 
Jan. 2. 

Frederick.— Brethren Henry and Kl 
term the forepart of December. Th 
and wants the brethren to return. C 
at the time, quite ill, 


school met Dec. 31. Sunday-school officers 
■; Superintendents, C. M. Utz and Albert 
ers of organized Bible Class, intermediate, 
chosen.— C. E. Duvall, New Market, Md., 

iscy gave us a week-end Bible 
church was greatly built up, 
ir pastor, Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, 
jndergonc an operation in the 
city hospital, but the church made fervent prayer for him and the 
Lord has thus far spared him to us. We had a very pleasant council, 
following the Bible term. Our assistant elder, Wm. Kinsey, has 
charge of the Frederick church during the illness of our pastor. 
Wc took an offering, during our Christmas services, of $200 for the 
Italian mission church.— Charles Brunner, Frederick, Md., Jan. 2. 


Hart.— The pupils of the Sunday-school gave a very enjoyable 
Christmas program Dec. 24. This was followed with a sermon by 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


Bro. J. J. Scrogum. In the evening Bro. C. H. Kaiser gave a talk 
at Cedar, followed bv a program by the children. We met in council 
Dec. 30, with Eld. C. L. Wilkins in charge. We elected Brethren 
C. H. Kaiser, Elmer Swartz and J. J. Scrogum on the Ministerial 
Board. -Bro. Abe Arnold was elected trustee for one year. Bro. 
Wilkins will remain with us the coming week, preaching at the 
Hart and Cedar churches.— Bernice Bowman, Hart, Mich., Dec. 30. 

Homestead church met in council Dec. 16, with Bro. Slonikcr 
in charge. Bro. Rachart was reelected Sunday-school superintendent 
for a*nother year. We took a Thanksgiving offering of $6 for World- 
Wide Missions.-Adelia Heinze, Beulah. Mich., Dec. 29. 

Thornapple church was favored with the presence of Bro. Samuel 
Bowser and wife at our recent business meeting. Officers chosen for 
the coming year are as follows: Church clerk, Bro. Harman Towns; 
Sunday-school superintendents, Bro. Harman Towns and Sister Mable 
Rowland; Christian Workers' presidents, Sisters Mary Towns and 
Mablc Rowland; elder in charge, Bro. F. B. Mcssncr, by whose re- 
quest Eld. Bowser will assist in the work. An impressive Christmas 
program was rendered on the evening of Dec. 23 to a large audience. 
An offering was taken for the Brooklyn Italian church. Bro. R. H. 
Nicodemus will be with us in a Bible Institute Jan, 5-7, holding 
three sessions daily the 6th and 7th. This will be followed by a 
series of meetings, with Eld. G. H. Killian, of Beaverton, Mich., 
iu charge.— Grace E. Messner, Lake Odessa, Mich., Dec. 29. 

Woodland.— After our Christinas sermon Dec. 24, an offering of $29 
was taken for the Italian mission. The same evening our Primary 
Department gave a good program to a well-filled house. Dec. 25 aud 
26 Sister Goldic Swartz gave two fine lectures on mission work in 
India, after which an offering of $28 was taken [or World-wide Mis- 
sions. This was the fourth offering taken iu December— the other 
two being much larger. Our young people, known as the True Blue 
Class, gave a Bible contest Dec. 29, which was helpful in getting 
old and young and outsiders together, and also tested our Bible 
knowledge.— Mrs. Mary E. Teeter, Woodland, Mich,, Jan. 3. 


Bankton-— Nov. 26 we organized a union Sunday-school near Bank- 
ton, with the writer as superintendent. The writer and family 
moved onto a homestead the latter part of October. We are situated 
about twenty-five miles from the railroad and trading point, with 
mail service but once a week. The people on the average are 
splendid, open-hearted and frank. They are without a saving knowl- 
edge of Jesus Christ, giving more thought to worldly pleasure 
than spiritual living. One great need is song books. If any of the 
older churches have a supply of " Kingdom Songs No. 2 " that are 
not in use, we would be very thankful for them, f would be very 
glad to correspond with any brother, desiring to locate in this 
northern country. The writer and wife are the only members of 
the Brethren church in this community. One finds very few Chris- 
tians in this part of the country.— J. R. Suter, Bankton, Minn., 
Jan. 1. 

Jewett church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. J. F. Swallow in 
charge. The following church officers were elected: Jas. F. Swallow, 
elder; Sister Carl Swallow, clerk; Sister Claffie Christenson, " Mes- 
senger " agent; the writer, correspondent; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent and assistant, Brethren Fred Klcnzman and Walter Thoman. 
Bro. Fred Klcnzman, of Missouri, and Bro. Arthur Ingle, of North 
Dakota, are moving in here, with their families, and we are glad 
to have them. Eld. Fred Sherlaud has moved away, having taken 
charge of the Zion church at Cando, N. Dak. We decided to have 
a missionary come and stay with us a year. Bro. Jas. Swallow has 
started Bible Study at Malmo again, for the winter months, with good 
attendance. He is still holding regular meetings at Clear Lake.— 
Estella Thoman, Malmo, Minn., Jan. 1. 

Root River church met in business session Dec, 29, with Bro. R. H. 
Cox presiding. Bro. Cox leaves us April 1. Bro. Glen Montz has 
been secured to begin the pastorate at that time. He was also 
chosen elder for the coming year. Our Thanksgiving and birth- 
day offering amounted to $109 and was sent for world-wide missions. 
Dec. 24 an offering of $55 was lifted for the new Italian church in 
Brooklyn. Our Sunday-school closed a very successful year, the 
average attendance being the highest yet. — Jessie P. Taramel, Preston, 
Minn,, Jan. 2. 

Winona church held her regular members' meeting Dec. 28, at 
which time the Sunday-school, Christian Workers' and general church 
officers were elected for the coming year. The Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' are in the hands of young people who have 
proved themselves untiring and faithful in the discharge of duty. 
Sister Nancy Schmidt is our Sunday-school superintendent, and 
Elsie Schmidt is president of the Christian Workers. J. C. Forney 
was chosen elder; John Schmidt, clerk; the writer, "Messenger" 
correspondent; Sister Pearl Whetstone, " Messenger " agent. Our 
Sunday-school gave a Christmas program, which was entertain- 
ing and pleasing to all. The young people's class sang several 
songs under the direction of their teacher, Sister Ethel Christian- 
son.— Mrs. J. C. Forney, Gilmore Valley, Winona, Minn., Dec. 29. 


Bethany church met in regular council Dec. 24, with Eld, E. W. 
Mason presiding. The following officers were chosen for one year: 
Bro. E. W. Mason, elder in charge; Bro. Geo. Clcmmens, Jr., Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Christian Workers' president, Sister Merlin 
Paul. Bro. John Hoover, of Cape Girardeau, Mo., gave us a splendid 
address Dec. 31. Our church is showing a healthy growth under the 
leadership of our pastor, Bro. Naylor, and wife. — Mrs. Effie Mayden, 
Norborne, Mo,, Jan. 3. 

Cabool church met in regular council Dec. 31. Trustees for the 
new church at Mountain Grove were chosen. All old officers, agents 
and correspondents were reelected. Sister Weaver was made cor- 
respondent for the Greenwood church. Four members were given 
letters.— C. W. Gitt, Cabool, Mo., Jan. 1. 

icil Dec. 


South Warrenaburg church met 
Mohler presiding. Officers for the year were elected, both for 
church and Sunday-school: Church clerk, Sister Minnie Christopher; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Sam Mohicr. An offering of $39 was 
taken on Thanksgiving Day for the Kansas City Mission. The 
Christmas offering for the Italian Mission in Brooklyn was $43. The 
Sisters' Aid Society sent its annual Thanksgiving box of clothing 
to the Kansas City Mission. Bro. C. A. Lentz, of Leeton, Mo., 
preaches for us the first and third Sundays of each month. Bro. 
Jesse Mohler, our pastor, is much improved in health, for which we 
are very thankful, but he is not yet able to take up his regular 
work.— Mrs. Nellie Nelson. Warrensburg, Mo., Jan. 1. 


South Beatrice church held the regular members' meeting Dec. 23. 
Officers were elected as follows: Bro. J. W. Gish, elder; Bro. J. 
S, Dell, assistant; Christian Workers' presidents. Adult, Swigart 
Miller; Senior, Mrs. Mary Heiney; Intermediate, Miss Nettie White; 
Primary, Mrs. Ethel Miller. Dec. 24 the Senior and Intermediate 
Christian Workers' Societies gave a very impressive program — The 
White Gift Christmas. The offering amounted to $37.65, $82.15 of 
which was sent to the Italian Mission of Brooklyn. Our Thanks- 
giving offering of $70.76 was sent to the General Mission Board. 
Dec. 27 Bro. A. C. Wieand began our Bible Institute, which was 
very instructive and well attended. At the close, installation services 
were held for one minister, Bro. Swigart Miller, and wife; also one 
deacon, O. C. Frantz, and wife.— Laura Wrightsman, Holmesville, 
Nebr., Dec. 30. 


Freeville.— We arc looking forward to the coming of Bro. Graham, 
our new pastor. While we are few in number, still our opportunities 
are large for effective missionary work in this inviting field. Breth- 
ren, seeking a change of location, will do well to come here, as 
good farms can be purchased on reasonable terms; also some good 
chances for business. Will gladly answer inquiries. — F. L. Baker, 
Freeville, N. Y-, Jan. 1. 


BrummeU— Bro. A. M. Laughrun, of Jonesboro, Tenn., came to our 
place Dec. 21, remaining over Christmas, preaching four Spirit- 
filled sermons. This is Bro. Laughrun's old home church, where he 
received the call to the ministry. We arc always glad to have 
him with us.— Mrs. Julia Campbell, Relief, N. C, Dec. 26. 

Little Pine.— We held our regular church council Dec. 10. Breth- 
ren W. H. Handy and N. C. Reed preached for us, after which two 
united with the church. Bro. Alex Frost was elected to the ministry. 
We also had services on Sunday when Bro. W. H. Handy preached an 
interesting sermon. Our church still prospers, for which we are 
thankful.— Emeline Murphy, Eunice, N> C., Dec. 15. 


Brantford.— Oct. 29 we met in regular council, with Eld. O. A. 
Myers in charge. Two letters were granted. We decided to hold a 
series of meetings next June, providing we can secure a minister. 
We, as a congregation, request your help in securing a minister. 
We would be glad to correspond with anyone who is going to Annual 
Meeting, as we arc on the direct railroad route.— Vada Row, Brant- 
ford, N. Dak., Dec. 31. 

Egeland church met in council, with Eld. Bruce Williams pre- 
siding. Three letters were granted. Officers were chosen for 
the coming year. Bro. Williams was reelected elder and pastor; 
Sister Anna Irwin, clerk; Bro. Earl Putcrbaugh, "Messenger" 
agent; Bro. John Byers, trustee; the writer, correspondent; Sister 
Anna Irwin, Sunday-school superintendent. Special services were 
held on Thanksgiving Day with good attendance. Bro. Hyde, of 
Ellison, delivered the sermon. Eld. John Deal, of Brumbaugh, also 
was with us. An offering of $25 was lifted— half for the Near East 
Relief. After a basket dinner, we had a .program by the Sunday- 
school.— Mrs. Catherine Rcachert, Egcland, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 


Ashland (Dickey).— Since our (ast report two of the lectures of 
the course have been given. Bro. Garber, of Washington, D. C, 
and Bro. Schwalm, of North Manchester, gave excellent, inspiring 
messages. We hear many words of commendation for both lectures. 
The next number will bo given sometime in February by Bro. C. 
C. Ellis, of Huntingdon, Pa. Our Sunday evening Bible Class con- 
tinues with considerable interest, under Bro. Ora DcLauter's instruc- 
tion. Our Sisters' Aid Society is busy doing various good works. 
Sunday morning, Dec. 24, a Christmas program was rendered and a 
special collection was lifted. Dec. 10 Bro. DcLautcr took for the 
subject of his sermon, " Grace and Works."~Ida M. Helm, Ashland, 
Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Bellefontaine church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. N. I. Cool 
in charge. Officers were elected for the coming year: Elder, N. I. 
Cool; trustee, N. S. Neer; member of missionary and temperance com- 
mittee, Bessie Yoder; Sunday-school superintendent, Leo Lillian 
Wise; the writer, church correspondent. The church clerk and 
treasurer were empowered to act with the finance committee. Plans 
were laid for the coming year. Dec. 24, after the Sunday-school hour, 
the pupils rendered a Christmas program, followed by an appeal 
for the Italian Mission. The children of the Primary and Junior 
classes received a treat. As the new year approaches we feel that 
we arc on the threshold of new duties and opportunities. Among 
other things we have to appreciate we must mention the generosity 
of the newspaper press of our city. Their columns arc always open 
[or any news item we may have for them.— R. B. Wise, Bcllefontaine, 
Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Black River church had Thanksgiving services, in charge of 
Eld. S. M. Friend. A collection was taken (or World-Wide Missions. 
Dec. 17 an offering ol $43 was lilted lor the Near East. Dec. 24 
our Sunday-school gave $100 for the Italian church in Brooklyn, 
This church has purchased thirty-five acres of land and the build- 
ings on it, for a future parsonage. A few of our members will 
spend part of the winter in Florida. We have had the privilege of 
hearing the first three numbers on our lecture course by Rev. 
Steele, of Pittsburgh, Dr. John A. Garber, of Washington, D. C, 
and Dean V. F. Schwalm, of Chicago University. We were very much 
pleased and benefited.— Clara Woods, Spencer, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Donnels Creek church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. J. D. Sandy 
presiding. Visiting brethren present were L. A. Bookwaltcr and D. 
S. Dredge. One letter was received. Bro. J. D. Fundcrburg was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. Geo. Gctz, Christian 
Workers' president. Dec. 11 Bro. H. B. Heiscy gave his lecture on 
Home Life, which was much enjoyed. Dec. 24 the children gave a 
Christmas program, following the Sunday-school hour. An offering 
of $28.18 was sent to the Italian Mission. Our Sunday-school received 
first place in the Bible reading contest in Southern Ohio for 1922. 
A beautiful banner was presented the school by the committee- 
Ruth Dreshcr, Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Fostoria church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. David Byerly 
in charge. Bro. Manly Roberts was elected Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Bro. Oscar Byerly, clerk; Sister Mary Roberts, superintend- 
ent of the Primary Department; Sister Vera Ingle, Christian Work- 
ers' president; Lydia Dickey, "Messenger" agent and correspond- 
ent. Three letters of membership were read. Our Thanksgiving 
meeting was held on the Sunday following Thanksgiving. Our 
pastor, Bro. Fair, preached a most excellent sermon from the text, 
"What shall I render unto my God for all his benefits toward me?" 
Afterward an offering of $90 was taken. On Wednesday evening 
before Christmas about fifty members surprised Brother and Sister 
Fair by a Christmas donation of provisions and many useful articles. 
—Lydia Dickey, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Middle District congregation met in council Dec. 14. with Efil. 
L. A. Bookwaltcr presiding. The Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Bro. J. E. Coy, superintendent. The different committees made 
reports, which proved that much interest is being taken in the 
work. Dec. 10 Dr. Barbara Nickey gave an interesting lecture on 
the needs of the workers iu India and the social problems. An 
offering was taken, amounting to $25. The Sunday-school responded 
to the call of the Mission Board for a Christmas gift to the Brooklyn 
Italian Mission, with a collection of $24.64. This was increased to 
$30 by the Sunday-school treasurer. The church decided to have 
Bro. V. C. Finnell deliver three lectures in the near fucure.-Berlha 
Coy, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Middlctown church met in council Nov. 18, with Eld. J. O. Garst 
presiding. One letter was granted and one member was reinstated. 
Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, began our revival meeting Nov. 
22 and continued until Dec. 10. He delivered twenty-two sermons, 
which were very spiritual and uplifting. Tic labored very earnestly 
for the salvation of souls and the advancement of God's Kingdom. 
The church was very much strengthened and the community bene- 
fited. There were twenty-two accessions. We held our love feast 
Dec. 16, with forty-five communicants present.— Chester Francis, 
Middletown, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Salem.— Nov. 29 Bro. H, B, Heisey, of Lewistown, Pa., lectured 
on " Pa, Ma and Johnnie," which was much appreciated. Dec. 13 
Dr. Barbara Nickey, returned missionary from India, gave us a 
lecture which made us see the need of hospital equipment in the 
heathen land. Sunday evening, Dec. 24, our Christmas entertain- 
ment was given by the junior classes. The declamations and music 
were much appreciated by all. Our Aid Society is heeding the 
call of the suffering in Russia by sending clothing, blankets and 
shoes— Mrs. Alma Slough, Union, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Troy Mission church met in council Dec. 6, with Eld. G. A. Garst 
in charge. New officers for the year were elected as follows: Bro. 0. 
S. Yonnt, superintendent; Jude Grisso, clerk. Dec. 10 Brother and 
Sister S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, came to conduct a series of meet- 
ings. They were assisted by Sister Etta Helman, also of Sidney, who 
led the song services. Our meetings were well attended by the 
public, and mnch interest was shown. Five were received into the 
church. The meetings closed on Christmas Eve with a love feast.— 
Opal Seeker. Troy, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Wooater church, at the last council meeting, elected officers for the 
year, with Bro. R. M. Moomaw presiding elder. The Sunday-school 

officers and teachers were retained very nearly the same as last 
year, with Alvin Fetter, superintendent. Quite a number of our 
young people are doing active work. Christmas Eve an interesting 
as well as fitting program was rendered by the younger folks, as- 
sisted in the choral work by the school. It has been gratifying to 
every one and especially to those in charge of the school to note 
that the winter attendance is coming up so well to the summer 
average.— Miriam Hoff Fetter, Woostcr. Ohio, Jan. 4. 


Pleasant Plains.— Bro. J. E. Small, of Oklahoma City, came to us 
Dec. 2 and conducted our revival, which lasted two weeks. He gave 
us some good sermons and won his way into all of our hearts. 
As a result of the meetings four were baptized on Christmas Day by 
Bro. Prentice. The church has been much benefited. Our junior 
boys and girls have an interesting meeting, conducted on Sunday 
evening by Sister Jennie Whitencck.— Mary Prentice Wilson, Aline, 


Ashland Sunday- school rendered a program on Christmas Eve and 
presented a Christmas gift of $31.62 to the Brooklyn Italian Mission. 
Our enrollment is about sixty— mostly children— so we feel that 
our school has done fairly well. Our Thanksgiving offering was 
over $24.— Laura E. Goctzc, Ashland, Ore., Dec. 30. 

Grants Pass Mission.— The Sunday-school rendered a very fitting 
program on Sunday morning at the close of the regular session. A 
treat was given to the scholars. We decided to hold the regular 
weekly prayer meetings at the homes instead of the church during 
the winter. Dec. 9 the Sisters' Aid Society held a sale of loods. 
garments and small articles for Christmas presents. It was a very 
successful sale and will enable more aid to be given by the Society 
when finances are called for.— Lizzie Q. Coover, Grants Pass, Ore., 
Dec. 30. 

Mabel congregation met in council Dec. 23, to elect officers for 
the coming year: Mary E. Ritter, clerk; N, W. Orr, on temperance 
committee; the writer, correspondent and " Messenger " agent; Sun- 
day-school superintendent, Laura Adams. The Aid selected Mary 
E. Ritter president. Dec, 24, following Sunday -school, we had a 
short program with a treat for the children.— H. H. Ritter, Mabel, 
Ore., Dec. 24. 

Portland.— Sunday morning, Dec. 24, Eld. J. W. Barnett delivered a 
beautiful Christmas sermon, using for his text John 3: 16. The 
practical application was moat impressive and the hearers were 
made to meditate upon God's wonderful gilt to the world. The 
Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program in the evening, at the 
close of which Bro. Barnett vividly pictured the conditions of the 
Near East. An offering of $45.53 was taken for Armenian relief.— 
Grace W. Hewitt. Portland. Ore,, Dec. 25. . 


Back Creek.— Bro. Greene Shively held a very interesting meet- 
ing in the Back Creek congregation at the Brandt churchhouse Dec, 
2-17. The church was very much strengthened. The meeting was 
well attended. Bro. Shively makes his services very interesting by 
his Bible illustrations, which he draws on paper. They explain the 
text very beautifully and make a lasting impression on the mind.— 
Pearl Heckman, Williamson, Fo., Dec. 27. 

Conewago.— A two weeks' scries of meetings began at the Conewago 
house Dec. 9. Bro. Hiram Eshclman, of the West Grccntrcc congre- 
gation, started the meetings, preaching several powerful sermons, 
but was. then compelled to return home on account of sickness. 
Bro. Nathan Eshelman, from the same congregation, very ably 
continued the meetings. He is often called a Bible scholar, and 
rightly so, which accounts for his impressive teaching. Two have 
accepted Christ. Our Sunday-school has decided to give toward the 
Brooklyn church.— M. S. Brandt, Elizabcthtown, Pa., Jan. 1, 

Fredericksburg church met in council Dec. 10, with Eld. E. M. 
Wenger presiding. Three letters were received. The following Sun- 
day Sunday-school officers were elected: Union house, S. G. Meyer, 
Elmer Gibble and Elmer Gardner; Fredericksburg house, Ames 
Heistand, E. E. Meyer and Levi Meyer; Moonshine and Raukstown, 
Irvin Heisey, Grant Ycagley and Elmer Wenger. It was also de- 
cided to start a Christian Workers' Meeting about Jan, 1. Our 

Christmas sen 

Aid So. 



Dec. 31. 
Georges Crock (Fain 

at the Union hous 
ing nicely.— Peter G. Edris, 




—We met in council 
The following officers 

15, with Eld. 
J. E. Whitacrc presiding. The following officers were elected: Sun- 
day-school superintendent, Bro. F. F. Durr; the writer, " Messenger " 
agent and church correspondent; president of Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing, Bro. James Mcrryman. We also met in council Jan. 1. Bro. 
J. E. Whitacrc was chosen elder for another year, and Bro. Leply, 
church secretary.— Grace Merryman, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Germ an town.— Bro. Noffsinger, of New York, filled the pulpit for 
us two Sundays in November, in the absence of our pastor. At 
our Thanksgiving service the offering was $119 .lor general mission- 
ary work. Our Sunday-school Christmas exercises were held on 
Tuesday evening, Dec. 26. Our offering was for the Brooklyn Italian 
church, and amounts to about $200. On Friday evening, Dec. 29, we 
held our Mothers' Meeting. Mrs. J. A. Gore, City Rescue Missionary 
and Member of the International Evangelistic Association, Winona 
Lake, Ind., gave a talk on " Rescuing Fallen Girls." Mrs. Gore 
devotes her entire time to this work. In the city of Philadelphia 
sixty young girls are in the prison, back of iron bars. The open 
dance floor, moving pictures, extreme short skirts, and bobbed hair, 
were given an the causes of so many young girls' " fall " in life. 
Mothers, where is your girl at night? Wc arc .planning for a re- 
vival meeting during the month of February. One has been re- 
ceived into our church by baptism since our last report.— Mrs. M. C. 
Swigart, Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Huntingdon church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. T. T. Myers 
presiding. Bro. Walker gave a report of the number of visits made. 
Four have been baptized since the last report. Our evangelistic serv- 
ices begin Jan. 21, and wc are asking God to show us how to find 
those who are away from him. We arc also praying for our evangel- 
ist, Bro. Milton Swigart, and asking that the Holy Spirit may come 
into our own lives, that each individual may surrender anew to God. 
and be willing ta be used by him.— Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, Hunting- 
don, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Leamersvllle.— Nov. 5 we dedicate! 
We were privileged to have Dr. C. 
our speaker both morning and afte 
will long be remembered. In the 
ings began, conducted by Bro. B. I 
meetings were well attended, c 
messages in song, brought by ou 
appreciated. Besides preaching, - 
the homes and personal work. 

ewly -remodeled church, 
of Juniata College, as 
His inspiring messages 
our evangelistic mcet- 
of Altoona, Pa. The 
tinuing over two weeks. The 
leighboring churches, were much 
o. Waltz did much visiting in 
a result thirty-three have con- 


:d Christ, most of whom have been baptized. Our love feast, 
held Nov. 26, was well attended. At our recent business meeting 
officers for church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting 
were elected for the coming year.— Mary E. Graybill, East Freedom. 
Pa., Dec. 31. 

Lewistown church met in council Dec, 27. Bro. Heisey was re- 
elected presiding* elder. The financial committee decided to use 
the budget system next year, believing that moru money can thus 
be raised for missions as well as for the church. The Christmas 
exercises, held Sunday morning, were very interesting. In the 
evening Bro. Heisey delivered an appropriate sermon on the subject. 
"The World's Treatment of Christ," portraying present-day sins 
in business and social spheres. It made a profound impression on 
the large audience. Two have. been baptized since our last report — 
Flo M. Spanogle, Lewistcwn, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Uttle Swalara church held a two weeks' series of meetings, be- 
ginning Nov. 12, with Bro. Amos H. Kuhns, of Union Deposit, Pa., 
in charge. His sermons were both spiritual and uplifting. Six con- 
fessed Christ and were baptized. On Thanksgiving Day a Sunday 
(Continued on Page 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


(Continued from Page 27) 
that children had better come into the church as children 
rather than to wait till they are big, and then, perhaps, 
never come. I know my little book, "Charlie Newcomer, 
has helped many. They tell me so. 

It seems to me that a house of worship should be kept 
on a level with the house we call home. When we live 
in shacks, we do not require a cathedral to worsh.p in. 
When we live in substantial, clean, well-built houses, our 
house of worship should be just as good. To have it 
otherwise is to discount our religion. Paint costs, but 
it is of greater value on the walls of our houses of wor- 
ship than on the cheeks of our girls. I wish that every 
congregation might have a live Missionary Committee, 
and a missionary program at least once in three months. 
This seems essential. 

It is pure, unalloyed joy to sit by the fireside and talk 
of church and missions, especially so with Bro. P. S. 
Miller. He has a prophet's chamber in his home. How 
this congregation has grown I There are about 1,040 mem- 
bers. The outlook is excellent, and yet Bro. Miller must 
take off his hat to a larger congregation— one we have 
in India. Thirty years ago nothing, and now the largest 
congregation of the Brotherhood is in India. And yet 
some few act as if they did not believe in missions. How 
true, that the great first-work of the church is missions t 
December 16 
I took an early train from Roanoke to Stoneville. When 
the conductor called " Stoncvl," I was so busy reading an 
interesting bear story, that I did not hear him, and so I 
went on down to Madison, N. C, where I had to wait 
two hours before I could come back. From Stoneville to 
Spray I got a jitney (I remember the name of it by calling 
it a git-me), and the road was very good. I was brought 
to the home of Bra J. R. Purdue, who gave me a hearty 
welcome. The sign was still out, " Diphtheria," but when 
Bro. Purdue said the children had been fumigated and 
were going to school, I asked no more questions. Leaks- 
ville and Spray are all one town now. Our church is in 
the Spray end of it. They need a pastor. The oppor- 
tunity for growth seems very good. I visited a dozen 
homes. The members arc ready for a forward movement. 
Many work in the cotton mills, receiving their pay weekly. 
I asked for Preacher Purdue, which brought smiles, for 
he is a good liberal deacon brother and Sunday-school 
superintendent, but not a preacher. 

Bro. Ed Rickman's family affords a study in theology. 
His mother was a Primitive Baptist, who united with the 
Brethren. His father never joined any church. One 
sister joined the Primitive Baptists; one brother united 
with the Methodists; one with the Missionary Baptists; 
one with the Disciples. Bro. Rickman himself and three 
others joined the Brethren, and four never joined any- 
thing. This interesting family is surely a study. Bro. Ed 
and wife have the joy of seeing their children walk with 
them. When parents differ on matters of religion, great 
spiritual values are lost, and there is no remedy. 

(Home Address, Mt. Morris, 111.) Wilbur B. Stover. 

Wine, Church Doctrine. 2 : 00-2 : 55— C H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, Pas- 
toral Problems— The Call to the Pastorate. 4:<XM:45— 
Dorothy Sherrick, Church Music. 6 : 30-7 : 15-L. S. Shively, 
The Solar System (Illustrated Lecture). 7:20-8:10— J. W. 
Lear, The. Work of the Ministry— The Minister's Central 

Wednesday, Jan. 17: 9: 25-10: 10— Edward Frantz, Studies 
in Biblical Interpretation and Application. 10:15-11:00— 
M. W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11:05-11:50—0. L. 
Wine, Church Doctrine. 2 ■ 00-2: 55— C. H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, Pas- 
toral Problems— The Pastor's Study. 4: 00-4: 45— Dorothy 
Sherrick, Church Music. 6:30-7:15— M. M. Sherrick. 
7:20-8:10— J. W. Lear, The Work of the Ministry— The 
Minister's Privilege. 

Thursday, Jan. 18: 9 : 25-10: 10— Edward Frantz, Studies 
in Biblical Interpretation and Application. 10:15-11:00— 
M. W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. 
Wine, Church Doctrine. 2:00-2:55— C H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, Pas- 
toral Problems, The Pastor's Work. 4: 00-4: 45— Dorothy 
Sherrick, Church Music. 6:30-7:15— R. C. Clark, Rural 
Community Leadership. 7 : 20-8 : 10— J. W. Lear, The Work 
of the Ministry— The Minister's Limitations. 

Friday, Jan. 19: 9: 25-10: 10— Edward Frantz, Studies in 
Biblical Interpretation and Application. 10 : 15-11 : 00— M. 
W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. 
Wine, Church Doctrine. 2:00-2:55— C. H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, Pas- 
tor's Home Life. 4:00-4:45— Dorothy Sherrick, Church 
Music. 6:30-7:15— A. J. Brumbaugh, Education and the 
Future of the Church. 7:20-8:10— J. W.Lear, The Work 
of the Ministry— The Minister's Consolation. 

Saturday, Jan. 20: 9: 25-10: 10— Edward Frantz, Studies 
in Biblical Interpretation and Application. 10:15-11:00— 
M. W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. 
Wine, Church Doctrine. 2:00-2:55— C. H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, The 
Work of the Ministry— The Minister's Master Passion. 
4:00-4:45— Dorothy Sherrick, Church Music. 6:30-7:15— 
F. E. McCune, The Church Organized. 7:20-8:10— J. W. 
Lear, The Work of the Ministry— The Minister's Resig- 

Sunday, Jan. 21: 10: 00— Sunday-school. 11 : 15— Sermon 
by J. W. Lear. 6: 00— Christian Workers' Society. 7:00— 
Sermon by Edward Frantz. 

ing for families where help was needed; served lunch at 4 saWst 
held 2 bake sales; served dinner for the Farmers' Elevator Associa- 
tion. We received for our work. $285.23; on hand, $97.96; total, $383.19; 
we gave to various missionary activities. $206.25; other expenses, 
5102.90; total. $309.10; balance. $75.09. Officers: Presidents Estella 
Arnold; Vice-President. Mrs. Dora Shively; Secretary-Treasurer. Mrs. 
Emma Cripc.— Mrs. John Cripe. Lake City. 111., Dec. 18. 

NOCONA, TEXAS.— Report of Sisters* Aid Society: Enrollment. 
15; average attendance, 9. We held 5 all-day and 15 half-day meetings. 
Our work consisted of making quilts, prayer-coverings, bonnets. 
aprons and garments. Amount collected, $16.35; we donated 2 quilti 
and 2 pair of pillow-slips to the Falfurrias Mexican school; S3 to 
the jGirls' School in India; $4 to the Virginia mountain school; 3 
dresses and 2 prayer-coverings to the needy; $30 worth of dry goods 
and groceries to a widow; balance, $9.35. Officers: Sister Belle Beck, 
President; Sister Florence Lemon, Vice-President; the writer, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer.— Barbara Molsbee, Nocona, Texas, Dec. 22. 

WHITE COTTAGE, OHIO.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society of 
the Goshen church: We held 10 all-day meetings, with an average 
attendance of 9. Our work consisted of making aprons, bonnets, 
dust-caps, pillow-cases and other articles— about 141 in all. We 
also did some quilting and knotted one comfort. We spent one day 
sewing for our pastor's family. Easter egg offering, $4.23; birth- 
day money, $7.45. We gave $5.75 to the China Hospital and India 
Boarding-School; $7 as gifts. We paid $125 on our parsonage. Amount 
cleared, $11S; on hand, about $35. Officers : President, Birdella 
Thompson; Vice-President, Anna Slack; Superintendent, Zclla Wil- 
liams; Treasurer, Vina Spring; Secretary, the writer.— Clara Palmer, 
South Zanesville, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

WINDBER, PA.— Report of Aid Society for 1922: We held 22 all- 
day meetings, wilh an average attendance of 11. We made 23 quilts, 
121 coverings, 3 comforts, 27 bonnets, 3 aprons. We also sold vanilla 
extract and stain remover. Donations: Coverings, 10; quilts, 2; 
Hastings Street Mission, $10; China Hospital, $50; India Boarding- 
School, $50; towards painting of parsonage, $25; offerings, $26.09. 
Money received during year, $281.48; paid out, $199.85; carried over 
from last year. $100.85; balance, $56.74. Officers, President, Mrs. 
Elmer Knavel; Assistant, Mrs. Ephraim Statler; Secretary-Treasur- 
er, the writer.— Mrs. Raymond Hoover, Windber, Pa., Dec. 22. 

January 12 to 21, 1923 
Thursday, Jan. 11: Conference of Sunday School Lead- 
ers — C. H. Gnagy, Ezra Flory. 

Friday, Jan. 12: 9 : 25-10: 10— Ezra Flory, Training the 
Emotions. 10: 15-11 : 00— M. W. Emmert, Studies in Gala- 
tians. 11 : 05-11-: 50— G. L. Wine, Church Doctrine. 2:00- 
2:55 — C. H. Shamberger, Stewardship, God's Word for 
This Generation. 3:00-3:55 — Edward Frantz, Studies in 
Biblical Interpretation and Application. 4:00-4:45 — Doro- 
thy Sherrick, Church Music. 6:30-7:15— C. H. Sham- 
berger, Stewardship, Born of God (Illustrated). 7:20-8:10 
— Ezra Flory, Finding and Training Our Future Leaders. 
Saturday, Jan. 13: 9 : 25-10: 10— Ezra Flory, The Sunday 
School Session. 10: 15-11 : 00— M. W. Emmert, Studies in 
Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. Wine, Church Doctrine. 
2:00-2:55— C. H. Shamberger, Present-Day Church Fi- 
nances. 3:00-3:55 — Edward Frantz, Studies in Biblical 
Interpretation and Application. 4 : 00-4 : 45— Dorothy Sher- 
rick, Church Music. 6:30-7:15— C. H. Shamberger, Pos- 
sibilities of Our Young People. 7 : 20-8: 10— Ezra Flory, 
S. S. Pedagogy. 

Sunday, Jan. 14: 10:00— Sunday-school. 11 : 15— Preach- 
ing Service. Sermon by Edward Frantz. 6 : 00 — C. H. 
Shamberger, Organization of Our Young People. 7 : 00 — 
Sermon by Ezra Flory. 

Monday, Jan. 15: 9: 25^10: 10— Edward Frantz, Studies 
in Biblical Interpretation and Application. JO: 15-11: 00 — 
M. W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. 
Wine, Church Doctrine. 2:00-2:55— C. H. Gnagy, Prob- 
lems of Religious Education. 3:00-3:55— J. W. Lear, Pas- 
toral Problems— The Church. 4 : 00-4: 45— Dorothy Sher- 
rick, Church Music. 6 : 30-7 : 15— W. Arthur Cable, Illustra- 
tion in Public Address. 7 : 20-8 : 10— J. W. Lear, The Work 
of the Ministry — The Minister's Call. 

Tuesday, Jan. 16: 9 : 25-10 : 10— Edward Frantz, Studies in 
Biblical Interpretation and Application. 10:15-11:00 — M. 
W. Emmert, Studies in Galatians. 11 : 05-11 : 50— G. L. 


Eld. Hershey Groff, son of the late Samuel G. and 
Lydia Groff, was born near Bareville, Pa., March 29, 1845. 
When a boy he attended the public schools, later taking 
some studies in a local academy. After his school career 
he worked on his father's farm. Nov. 28, 1865, he married 
Miss Amanda Landis. They united with the Church of 
the Brethren Aug. 26, 1877, in the bounds of the Conestoga 
congregation.- May 10, 1884, Bro. Groff was called to the 
deacon's office, serving faithfully for one year in that 
capacity. May 23, 1885, he was elected to the ministry 
and was ordained to the eldership in 1900, in which ca- 
pacity he served faithfully and commendably. 

In earlier life Bro. Groff was engaged in evangelistic 
and District activities, and served on committees of the 
District. He was an ardent and active worker in the 
church all his life and always labored along the line of 
safe, conservative progression for the church so dear to 
his heart. He was a strong supporter of higher education. 
He also assisted in all benevolent work, which brought 
relief to the suffering and an elevation of life to the world, 
thereby touching the souls of many whom he never saw. 
He was an asset to the community by contributing of 
his means, by fostering sound commercial enterprises, as 
well as by supplying homes for the homeless. 

Bro. Groff was engaged in farming all his life until about 
five weeks prior to his death, when he began to fail very 
rapidly, of general debility. During his sickness he called 
for the anointing, and later for the holy communion, which 
he greatly enjoyed. He gradually grew weaker and died 
Dec. 2, 1922, aged seventy-seven years, seven months and 
three days. He is survived by his wife, five daughters and 
one son. 

Funeral services frefm his late home and in the Bare- 
ville church Dec. 5, by the home ministers, assisted by 
Eld. I. W. Taylor. Interment was made in the cemetery 
close by. D. S. Myer. 

Bareville, Pa. 


CANTON, ILL.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1922: We have an 
enrollment of 16 members; average attendance, 7. We held 16 all-day 
and 16 half-day meetings. We quilted 9 quilts and donated one to 
the Old Folks' Home, Girard. We tied 8 comforts. Two pieced 
comfort-tops were donated to the Aid. We made 30 prayer-coverings 
and donated 11 of these. We also made bonnets and sun-bonnets. 
We made rag-dolls and sent them to the Orphanage at Girard. We 
pledged $40 towards the expenses of the church. Money received, 
$90.21; paid out, $65.87; on hand, $24.34. Officers: Sister Pearl Rohrer, 
President; Vice-President, Sister Lillie Waller; Secretary -Treasurer, 
the writer.— Cecile Downing, Canton, 111., Dec. 29. 

LA PLACE, ILL.-During the year 1922 we held 14 meetings, with 
an average attendance of 8. We quilted 6 quilts, knotted 2 comforts, 
made a number of prayer-coverings, also sun-bonnets; we did sew- 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by SO cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger " subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Bloom-Carman.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Dec. 18, 
1922, Paul G. Bloom and Elma B. Carman, both of Council Bluffs, 
Iowa.— Leander Smith, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

BrendUnger-Strong.— At my residence, near Clytner, Pa., Dee. 12, 
1922, Mr. John C. Brendlinger and Sister Ella Blanch" Strong, both 
of Penn Run, Pa.— W. N. Myers, Clymer, Pa. 

Brubakcr-Lehman — At the home of the bride's mother, Mrs. Nellie 
Lehman, Dec. 17, 1922, Brother Raymond Brubaker and Sister Lcona 
Lehman.— Luther Shatto, Gleicben, Alberta, Canada. 

Carper-Hoover.— By the undersigned, at his home, Oct. 7, 1922, 
Mr. John Wm. Carper, of Woodbury, Pa., and Sister Esther E. 
Hoover, of Martinsburg, Pa.— Geo. W. Rogers, East Freedom, Pa. 

Hearn-Findley.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 23, 
1922, Brother Wm. Hearn and Sister Lillian Findley, hoth of 
Johnstown, Pa.— J. Lloyd Nedrow, Johnstown, Pa. 

Hilea-Carife.— At the home the writer, Dec. 23. 1922, Mr. Beuford 
A. Hiles, and Miss Stella Carife, both of Davenport, Nebr.— S. 
Schlotraan, Missouri Valley, Iowa. 

Holland-Scritchfield.— By the undersigned, Oct. 4, 1922, at Duncans- 
ville, Pa., Mr. Lloyd Holland and Miss Jeannette Scritchfield, both 
of Hollidaysburg, Pa,— Geo. W. Rogers, East Freedom, Pa. 

Lyon-Cox.— By the undersigned, Nov. 8, 1922, at Outlook, Wash.. 
Bro. Floyd Lyon, of ZUlah. Wash., and Violet Cox, of Outlook, 
Wash.— B. J. Fiko, Outlook, Wash. 

Martin -WaBier.— By the undersigned in the reception room of 
Elizabeth town College, Dec. 23, 1923. Brother John H. Martin, of 
Elizabethtown, Pa., and Sister Lizzie V. Walker, formerly of Lebanon, 
Pa.— J. G. Meyer, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Oaks-Porter.— By the undersigned, at the First Church, Akron, 
Brother Levi B. Oaks and Sister Kathryn Porter, both of Akron.— 
A. H. Miller, Akron, Ohio. 

Royer-Runte.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Runtc, Dec. 24, 1922. Abram C. Roycr 
and Thelma M. Runte, both of Dallas Center, Iowa.— C. B. Rowe, 
Dallas Center, Iowa. 


" Blessed axe the dead which, die In the Lord " 

Baltimore, Sarah J., nee Leedy, born in Indiana, Nov. 12, 1845, 
died at her home in Albany, Ore., Dec. 18, 1922. She was the daughter 
of Eld. Daniel Leedy who moved to Oregon in 18S4, being the first 
Brethren minister on the Pacific Coast and organizer of the first 
Church of the Brethren on the Coast. She united with her fa'her's 
church fifty-five years ago but later became a member of the 
United Presbyterian church. She married Alfred Baltimore in 1865. 
The father and one daughter preceded her in 1882. She is survived 
by one daughter, one brother, four sisters and one grandson. Services 
at the United Presbyterian church in Albany by the pastor, assisted 
by the writer. Burial at The Dalles, Ore.— Eugene W. Pratt, Albany, 

Barnes, Albert Sidney, born at Troy, N. Y., Sept. 1, 1837, died 
at Grants Pass, Ore., Dec. 19, 1922, aged 85 years, 3 months and 18 
days. He leaves one sister, one son, two daughters and three grand- 
children. He lived an exemplary Christian life. Services by Bro. 
Barklow— Lizzie Q. Coover, Grants Pass, Ore. 

Bowman, Bro. Samuel, of Redoak Grove congregation, Floyd Co., 
Va died Dec. 11, 1922. He was the son of Peter and Sarah Spangler 
Bowman and was born Sept. 2, 1853. He was an ardent believer 
in the doctrines of the Brethren Church but did not unite with 
the church until Dec. 25, 1917. He served faithfully as a deacon the 
greater part of his Christian life. He had been suffering for about 
a year with leakage of the heart. He leaves his wife, three brothers 
and three sisters, one son and two grandchildren. Services by the 
home ministers, assisted by Eld. A. N. Hylton. Interment in 
Redoak Grove cemetery.— Annie A. Vest, Floyd, Va. 

Clark, Sister Alta May Pentz, wife of Bro. John A. Clark born 
May 31. 1890, at Grampian, Pa., died in the Clearfield hosmtal, TJec. 
20 1922 She is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. 
Wm Pentz five sisters and two brothers, her husband and three 
children. She was a faithful, consistent charter member of the 
Twenty-eighth Street Church, Altoona. Services in the Friends 
Meetinghouse. Grampian, by the writer, assisted by Bro. Walter S. 
Long.— B. F. Waltz, Altoona, Pa. 

Diehl Bro. Geo., died at the York hospital, Dec. 15. 1922, aged 71 
years. 6 months and 27 days. Death was due to injunes sustained 
in an accident Services at the home by Eld. J. A. Long. Inter- 
ment at Green Mount cemetery. He leaves 3 widow, one daughter, 
two grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.— Mrs. G. W. Krarft, 
York, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


Erbaugh, Abram P., born May 19, 1834. died at the home of his 
daughter, Dec. 16, 1922. April 8, 1855. he married Sarah C. Martin. 
There were seven sons and five daughters. The mother, two sons 
and one daughter preceded him. He was a faithful member of the 
Brethren Church. He was blind for twelve years, during which time 
he was an example of patience. He leaves one siBter, nine 
children, twenty. nine grandchildren and thirty-seven great-grand- 
children. Services at the Eversole church by Bro. D. M. Garber, as- 
sisted by Bro. Parker Filbrun. Burial in the cemetery near by.— 
Bessie Filbrun, Dayton. Ohio. 

Fogle, Susannah Fusing, born in Virginia, Oct. 3, 1836, died 
Dec. 15, 1922, at the home of her only child, Mrs. David Belts, near 
Nampa, Idaho. Death was due to burns sustained in an accident. 
She and her husband. Eld. Caleb Fogle, were among the first Breth- 
ren who settled in the Boise Valley. ~ 
years ago. Surviving arc one brother 

drcn and three great-grandchildren. Services at the Nampa church by 
the writer and the pastor. Eld. H. M. Brubaker. Interment in the 
Kohlerlawn cemetery.— Howard H. Keim, Nampa, Idaho. 

Helsel, Isaac, son of George and Amelia Ann Helsel, born in 
Cambria County, Pa., Dec. 11, 1835, died in Goshen, Ind., Dec. 15, 
1922. He moved from Pennsylvania to Indiana in 18S5. Sometime 
afterward he married Miss Ann Stump. There were three children. 
His wife and one son preceded him. Services at the Union Center 
church. Interment in the cemetery near by.— Daniel Wysong, Nap- 

Fogle died about twenty 
: daughter, five grandchil- 



Helser, Catherine F., nee Combs, was born in Perry County, Ohio, 
Oct. 28, 18S3, and died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. F. L. 
Winegardncr, Dec. 16, 1922, aged 69 years, 1 month and 18 days. 
In February, 1876, she married Emmanuel Helser. Of six children, 
the eldest preceded her. Soon after her marriage she united with 
the Church of the Brethren and was ever faithful. Sister Helser 
was a devoted wife, a good mother and a true Christian. Her life 
was a benediction to all, especially to her family. She testified 
that her greatest satisfaction was that her children were all trying 
to follow her Lord and Master. She was anointed by her pastor 
on Sunday before she died. She suffered much, but bore it all 
patiently. Funeral services were conducted in the Rushville Methodist 
Episcopal church by Eld. E. B. Bagwell and the writer. Interment 
in the Rushville mausoleum. —Frank A. Myers, Thornville, Ohio. 

Jacobs, Sister Elizabeth, nee Hohf, died at her home in York 
County, near Stoverstown, of pneumonia, Dec. 21, 1922, aged 68 years, 
8 months and 22 days. She is survived by eleven grandchildren, 
one brother and one sister. Her only daughter and her husband, 
Bro. Emanuel Jacobs, preceded her about three years ago. She was 
a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for about forty 
years. Services at the North Codorus house by Elders David Hohf 
and E. S. Miller. Interment in the cemetery adjoining the church.r- 
Paul K. Newcomer, Spring Grove, Pa. 

Joseph, Harry, born in Wayne County, Ohio, Nov. 15, 1841, died 
Dec. 11, 1922. He was a member of the Church of the Brethren. 
He married Isabelle Madden who preceded him. He leaves one son 
and two sisters. Services at the Mohican church by Bro. Wm. Wiley. 
Interment in the near by cemetery. — Jennie Worst, West Salem, Ohio. 

Kalebaugh, Jacob S., died Dec. 7, 1922, at his home near Mercedes, 
Texas, aged 66 years and 2 months. He was bom Oct. 5, 1854, in 
East Berlin, Pa. Services by Rev. J. C. Boyd. Interment in the 
Mercedes cemetery. He leaves his wife, four children and twelve 
grandchildren.— Mrs. J. S. Kalebaugh, Mercedes, Texas. 

Kindig, Sister Susannah, widow of Abraham Kindig, died at her 
home at Mt. Airy in West Conestoga district, aged 84 years, 6 months 
and 4 days. Her husband preceded her about six months ago. 
Services at the Miller church by Bro. C. R. Gibble and A. G. 
Fahnestock. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. — Jacob M. Bol- 
linger, Lititz, Pa. 

Leckrone, Josiah, sort of Jacob and Margaret Lcckrone, born in 
Perry County, Ohio, Nov. 3, 1861, died Dec. 15, at his home in Glen- 
ford, Ohio, after brief but severe suffering from uremic poisoning. 
In early manhood he united with the Church of the Brethren and 
was a conscientious believer of its teachings through life. He was 
united in marriage to Amanda Smith Nov. 9, 1882. There were five 
sons and one daughter. The youngest son preceded him in death 
in infancy. Services at the Olivet Church of the Brethren (formerly 
Jonathan Creek) on Sunday, Dec. 17, by the writer, assisted by Eld. 
E. B. Bagwell. Interment in the Highland cemetery, near Glenford.— 
Frank A. Myers, Thornville, Ohio. 

Lee, Sister Margaret Ellen, daughter of Aaron and Sarah Rush, 
born near Eaton, Ohio, Oct. 28, 1843, died in the bounds of the 
Prices Creek church Oct. 23, 1922. Her health has been gradually 
failing for a year. The last three' months her suffering was 
intense but she bore it with patience. She was anointed during 
her sickness. July 5, 1865, she married Wm. R. Lee. There were 
five sons and five daughters. She also gave a home to a grand- 
daughter. In 1894 she and her husband united with the Church of 
the Brethren, living a consistent Christian life. Her husband pre- 
ceded her in 1917. She is survived by five sons, three daughters, 
thirty-seven grandchildren, twenty-five great-grandcbildreu and one 
brother. Services in the Prices Creek church by Bro. I. G. Blocher 
and Bro. C. C. Petry. Burial in the Ware Chapel cemetery.— Bertha 
Miller, Eldorado, Ohio. 

Parker, Eli, died Dec. 9, 1922, In the bounds of the Lower Lost 
River congregation, aged 95 years, 5 months and 6 days. Services 
by the writer at the house. Interment in the family burial ground.— 
S. W. See, Mathias, W. Va. 

Shaw, Eliza Catherine, nee Bartgise, born in Boonsboro, Md., 
Sept. 10, 1840, died at the age of 82 years, 3 months and 8 days. In 
her youth she came to Ohio, where she spent the remainder of 
her life. Nov. 25, 185S, she. married Samuel Shaw, who died twenty- 
two years ago. Forty-five years ago she united with the Church of 
the Brethren, to which she gave faithful service until her health was 
impaired. During the early period of the church in Shelby County 
she was one of the leaders in every proposition fostering the 
highest ideals of the church. She leaves one son, with whom she 
made her home, two daughters and several grandchildren. Services 
by the writer.— S. Z. Smith, Sidney, Ohio, 

Slater, Sister Sarah A., nee Norris, born near Kendallville, Ind., 
June 11, 1859, died at her home, Sterling, 111., Dec. 7, 1922, aged.63 
years, 5 months and 26 days. Aug. 16, 1883, she was united"in 
marriage to Frank H. Slater. To this union was born one daughter, 
who died in 1903. In early youth she gave her heart to Christ and 
united with the Church of the Brethren, to which she was ever 
faithful. She leaves her husband and one brother. She called 
for the anointing* service, and expressed herself as being ready to 
answer the summons of her Lord. Services in the First Church of 
the Brethren, Sterling, 111., by the writer. Interment in West 
Branch cemetery, west of Mt. Morris, III.— E. F. Caslow, Sterling, 

Sprout, Linnic Alice McCurdy, widow of John Sproat, died at her 
home near Warrensburg, Mo., Dec. 18, 1922, aged 43 years, 3 months 
and 29 days. There were ten children, all of whom are living. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren when about eighteen years 
old and remained a faithful worker until the end. Her husband 
preceded her about six years ago. Services at New Church. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near by.— James M. Mohler, Lee ton, Mo. 

Wcybright, John E., born near West Milton, Ohio, Feb. 10, 1854, 
died at his home near Rocky Ford, Colo., Nov. 20, 1922. He moved 
to Rocky Ford in the spring of 1900. He was a zealous and devoted 
member of the church for many years, his place being rarely 
vacant. He had unusual ability as a leader in song and will be great- 
ly missed. He is survived by his wife and ten children. Services 
by the undersigned.— David Hamm, La Junta, Colo. 

Wilkins, Sister Mary C, born May 30, 1845, died in the bounds 
of the Upper Lost "River congregation, aged 77 years, 6 months and 
17 days. She leaves two sons and three daughters. Services by the 
writer, assisted by Bro. W. E. Kohne. Interment in the family burial 
ground.— S. W. See, Mathias, W, Va. 

A Choice Collection 

The True 
of These 
Days Is a 
of Books 
— Carlyle 




the Horizon 

of Your Life 

A Selection 

from this List 

of Books 

Will Help You 

For the Little Folks 

Bed Time Stories. Byrum, 

Twilight Talks with the Children. 



First Steps for Little Feet in Gospel 
Paths. Foster, 1J5 

Bible Pictures and What They Teach Ui. 
Foster, 2.M 

The Boy Jesus .50 

The First Christmas St 

Moses the Leader. Royer J5 

Jesus the Savior. 2 vols. Royer .70 

Samuel the Judge. Royer JS 

David the King. Royer JS 

Esther the Queen. Royer J5 

Elijah the Prophet. Royer .35 

Abraham the Faithful. Royer JS 

The Tale of Cuffy Bear. Bailey, 50 

The Boy Who Would Be King. Rosen- 
berger JS 

The Tale of Jolly Robin. Bailey 50 

For the Boys and Girls 

A Voice in the Night. Hall 1.00 

Joel, A Boy of Galilee. Johnston 1.90 

Character Builders' Club, 1.25 

Hurlbut's Story of the Bible 250 

Story of Jesus. Hurlbut, 250 

Story of the Bible. Foster, ZOO 

Story of the Gospel. Foster I-Z5 

Paul the Dauntless. Matthews 250 

Paul, the Herald of the Cross. Wayland, JS 

Beautiful Girlhood. Hale 1.00 

Two Ancient Red Cross Tales. Wilson, M 

By This Sign We Conquer. Wilson M 

The Book of God's Providence. Faris,.. 1.25 

The Book of Joy. Faris 1.25 

The Book of Faith in God. Faris, US 

White Queen of Okoyong. Livingstone, 1.25 

For Young People 

The Manhood of the Master, A Daily Life 
Book. Fosdick, 1,15 

The Meaning of Prayer, A Daily Life 
Book. Fosdick, 1.15 

The Meaning of Service, A Daily Life 
Book. Fosdick 1.25 

Quiet Talks on Power. Gordon, 


Visions and Voices. Blanchard, .75 

God's Minute 40 

Personal Life of David Livingstone. 

Blaikie 1.50 

Pilgrim's Progress. Bunyan 1.00 

Quiet Talks on Prayer. Gordon 1.25 

Out for Character 1.00 

For Older People 

My Daily Meditation. Jowett 1.75 

Fanny Crosby's Story of 94 Years 150 

The High Calling. Jowett 150 

Quiet Talks About the Tempter. Gordon, 1.25 

Quiet Talks on Service. Gordon, US 

Daily Manna. Lawson, 1.50 

The Real Christ. Torrey, 1.75 

Greatest Thoughts About Jesus Christ. 
Lawson 1.75 

Greatest Thoughts About God. Lawson, 1.75 
Tributes of Great Men to Jesus Christ 

DeLong 1.00 

The Beatitudes. McCann .75 

Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1923 


omclnl Orpui of tlie Church ol tho Brethren 

Published wetkl, by™ Publish!.,, Hou.«, £**™£}-™Z 

e„l M.n.gcr, 16 .0 2< S. Stale St, Elgm, 111 at $2.00 per annum, .o 

advance. (Canada subscriptions fitly cents extra.j ^ 



Assistant Editor 

md-claRB Matter. 

Entered at the Postoffleo at Blgln, 111., ^te^'ortija Jo'rTffi 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 29) 
schooi and Missionacv Meeting ^f^SSSST^^ 

aa «.cKv .3 j^s-su-s 

°" C S *°r-S for N- East Kcency, 
Bethel. Pa, Dec. 26. union Tha»k.g^g "»>»,, was MJ "« » 
JE^OT£aff£«£ ««. Luboid. o, the Davids- 
°°c Lutheran Church, and Brethren Cha, B lough .and WD Rum 
u.el gave talk, on Thanksgiving. An offeru.g was lilted 'or tne 

been holding a ««•=» °< «^» ^.J'Sdcr ri. H. Blough pre- 
aS T^l^"«"^SSi » artangc ,or . .baptistry •£ 

IT^ntS. O,, wS7™ reorganized and Bro. 

T . . ■ . "- ,>„.,„ -ll Dpi- 2 at the Skippack house, with 

Mingo church met ,n council DM. J a M elected: 

lor worthy cauacs.-Dora M. Ziegler, L.mer.ek. Pa, Dec. 26. 

M „-^llv, U ..-D„ring tbe p... <^ .^'^^V? he.p'ful 
"r b "b°v E'iTS. in th= n, Vc.r.1 "hoTcmissIons. Nov. 
#SS£ r^w'Y Milier -rue .0 us and gave the.r scries 

^rrrr'gTetcTby'-veiS- b„u°s"e ?2%* £- ~ = 

° W.° It a Dream?" The large audience wa. delighted w, h the 
plea ring manner in which the spir t ol benevolence a t Chr.etmas 
rime w*. presented. Dec. 31 our audttorium was filled hen a ^.plen 

'., / „ f „ 18 niven by the Juniata College ulce Uiuo. m 

SS :"„i g u 'icld SecX'. y B,o. w. J. Hamilton, conducted the 
InstaliaTion 5 service .or the church -^2^ 
1Q?1 Hii messacc impressed all wit It tnc rcsuuHsminij. _ 

s as id. v ^^sitsr 

£S Wa^ctol ^erlZd.n^Mrs. C. C. Sollenberger, Johns- 

' No^to'wn^The Sunday-school gave a ^ m "/^o«d^ery 
U. the church on Sunday evening. Dec, 24, which was en,o>ed v cry 
much Afterwards the Sunday-school gave the pastor. Bro. A .a. 
ReploBle a purse for his goad and faithful work. A half-pound box 
ol S was given to each of the little children. -Wesley L. Dor- 
worth, Norristown, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Philadelphia (First Church). -Dec, 10 Bro. Wm. Kmsey, Bible 
teacher at Blue Ridge College, preached for us both morning ana 
evening Dec. 17 Bro. B. F. Waltz, of Altoona Pa., filled the 
nulpTboth morning and evening. In the afternoon he gave a very 
Keating talk to the children at the close of our Sunday-school 
to These messages front our .visiting brethren are very much 
appreciated. Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schncll, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Red Bank church met in council Dec. 16. Officers for 1923 were 
elected: Bro. E. Z, Shumaker. Sunday-school superintendent; the 
writer clerk and corresponding secretary; Bro. A. C. Shumaker, 
member of the Ministerial Board. Dec. 24 the children of our bun- 
day school rendered a very good Christmas program to a large and 
aonrecUtive audience. An offering of $20 was lifted for the Brook- 
lyn Italian Mission. Dec. 31 the officers for the Sunday-school were 
elected, also the teachers for the graded classes. Our Teacher- 
training class has successfully passed the second examination and .3 
about ready for the third. This class of young vs a promising 
future help in our Sunday-school work.-Narcissa Ferguson, New 
Bethlehem, Pa.. Jan. 2. 

Shade Crwk.-Scpt. 5 we came to this congregation to assume its 
pastoral care, following Bro. S. P. Early, who moved to Maryland. 
Within the territory, at one time included in the congregation, there 
are now four prosperous churches, each one supporting its own 
pastor The combined membership at present is about 1,050. The 
mother church still numbers about 300 members. There is also a 
possibility of establishing, within her boundary lines, another preach- 
ing point in Central City or Bairnbrook, a combined town of about 
5,000, with a nucleus of about twenty-eight members. We are look- 
ing forward to the opening of this point as soon as the necessary 
arrangements can be made. Nov. 12 Rally Day services were held 
at the Berkey house. By special invitation the men's chorus from 
Martinsburg, Pa., with the families of its members, was present. 
The chorus very acceptably rendered special selections. The mem- 
bership took up the matter of entertainment for these visitors— 
about thirty in number— and made it possible for all to partake 
of dinner at the home of the pastor. Well -filled baskets were brought 
in and all enjoyed the generosity of these people. This spirit of 
giving, and being mindful of the pastor's larder and bin, seems to 
prevail among the membership and friends. All of this has a 
tendency to unite the working forces of the church and is very ac- 
ceptably and thankfully received.— F. R. Zook, Windber, Pa.. Jan. 2. 
West Cones toga.— Our series of meetings started at the Lane house 
Nov. 11 in charge of Bro. ThoS. Patrick, of Dauphin County. He 
preached the Word with power for two weeks. The members were 
all spiritually built up. Our second series of meetings started Dec. 
3 at the Middle' Creek house and continued until Dec. 19 in charge 
of Bro. Michael Kurte. As a result, twelve accepted Christ— all 
Sunday-school children. Much spiritual food was given the members 
which, we believe, was taken to heart.— Jacob M. Bollinger, Lititz, 
Pa., Dec. 26. 

White Oak church closed an inspiring revival at Manheim,- Dec. 17. 
For two weeks Bro. J. W. G. Hcrshcy, of LititE, Pa., conducted 
the meetings, which resulted in the baptism of two applicants. 
Bro. Hcrshey preached very earnestly, holding up God's Word as 
our only Safe Guide. Many brethren from neighboring congregations 
came to worship with us. The attendance was good throughout. 
Though tbe revival has closed, we trust that the spirit of it will 
abide with us.— H. G. Minnich, Lititz, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Yellow Creek congregation met in council at the Bethel house, with 
Eld. D. A. Stayer presiding. Two certificates were received and 
eight were granted. Officers were elected for the coming year. 

One of our ministers, Eld. G. S. Batzel, and family moved to Mary- 
land to take charge of a home for the aged.— Mrs. D. A. Stayer, 
Yellow Creek, Pa.. Jan. 2. 


Knob Creek.— Bro. Jackson, of Relief, N. C, began a series of 
meetings Dec. 3. He delivered fourteen inspiring sermons. As a 
result five were received into the church by baptism and one was 
reinstated. We feel that the church was greatly blessed.— Mrs. C. 
R. Simmons, Johnson City, Tcnn., Dec. 26. 


Manvel church met in council with Eld. J. A. Miller in charge. Our 
elder, M. H. Peters, has been seriously ill, but is much improved at 
this time, for which the church is thankful. Officers for the church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers were chosen for the coining 
year: Elder, Bro. M. H, Peters; superintendent, Bro. J. M. Moore; 
president o( Christian Workers, Jane Badger. The annual visit 
showed the church in peace. One Sunday-school scholar has been 
baptized recently.— P. Jane Badger, Manvel, Texas, Jan. 1. 


Peters Creek congregation met in council at Poages Chapel Dec. 16. 
Officers for the coming year were elected. It was decided that the 
business of the " Messenger " agent be turned over to the Sisters* 
Aid Society. We are hoping for great things from the Aid for 1923. 
The past year the Society gave $40 to the Industrial School of Greene 
County; $20 toward the electric light plant of the Peters Creek 
church, besides making a number of other donations. Dec. 25 the 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting were reorganized, with 
G B Show-alter, Sunday-school superintendent; Luther Shepherd, 
president of Christian Workers. Dec. 26 the ministers and their 
wives met to arrange the ministers' work for the coming year.— 
Ida Showalter, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 28. 

Summit church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. J. T. Glick pre- 
siding. The work of the year was summed up, and indicated gratify- 
ing progress. The financial record showed a surplus for the year. 
Feeling the need of a more concentrated effort, a disposition was 
made of the Glade church, the proceeds to be used in building the 
much needed Sunday-school rooms at the Summit. Upon the resig- 
nation of Eld. J. T. Glick, Eld. John L. Flory, of Bridgewater, was 
chosen, with Eld. M. J. Craun, assistant.— Mattie F. Wise, Bridge- 
water, Va., Jan. 2. 

Troutville.— Our Thanksgiving service, conducted by Bro. Williar, 
was held in the Troutville church. An offering of $112.43 was lifted 
for mission work. The following church officers have been elected 
for the coming year: Bro. C. S. Ikenbcrry, elder in charge; Bro. 
J. W. Layman, clerk; the writer, correspondent; Bro. A. R. Bnllhart, 
superintendent of the Sunday-school. An offering of $57.50 was re- 
ceived Dec. 24, to be divided equally between the Italian Mission 
work in Brooklyn and the Near East Relief. On account of several 
cases of sickness among those who were to take part, we were un- 
able to render our Christmas program.— Frank ie Showalter, Trout- 
ville, Va„ Dec. 29. 


Wenatchee church met in council Dec. 23, with Eld. L. E. Ulrich 
presiding. Church officers were elected as follows: Bro. Ulrich, 
elder; D. B. Steele, clerk; the writer, correspondent and "Messenger 
agent; Bro. Jacob McMillan, trustee for three years; Bro. Emery 
Stoncr, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Frank Holland, Christian 
Workers' president. The church decided to furnish its room m the 
Deaconess hospital in Wenatchee, which will cost $300. There was 
also a fund of $100 set aside, to be used for the care of a needy 
sister, now in the hospital. A number of our young people are in vari- 
ous schools and colleges, yet we have left a large band who are regular 
in attendance at all services. Perhaps both young and middle-aged 
arc serving so well because of the inspiration of our aged members 
who, in spite of advanced years, are untiring in their efforts. We 
are to have a ten day Bible School sometime in February, con- 
ducted by Eld. W. E. Trostle, of California, assisted by Eld. C. W. 
Guthrie of this place.— Jno. R. Peters, Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 31. 

Wenatchee Valley church (city congregation) met in council Dec. 
27. We elected Irvin Deardorff president of our Christian Workers' 
Society. Dec. 24 we had our Christmas program. An offering 
of $13.16 was taken for the Armenians.— Mrs. C. R. Weimer, Wenatchee, 
Wash., Dec. 28. 


Bethel— Dec. 10 Bro. B. W. Smith began a week's meetings with 

a Bible Class, #ach day, at 1:30 P. M., and preaching at night. The 
Gospel of John and the Acts were the books taught. Forty minutes 
were used for each book, with a twenty-minute lecture between. 
We had an all-day meeting on Wednesday, with two periods in 
each book. Saturday and Sunday were also spent in service, with 
council meeting Saturday forenoon. Brethren Jas. Wratchford and 
H. H. Sions were elected deacons, and were installed into their office 
on Sunday. One of the three applicants that accepted Christ dur- 
ing this meeting was baptized on Sunday; the other two await the 
rite. The interest taken in this meeting was great. Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' Society are progressing nicely.— C. D. Sions, . 
Flats, W. Va.. Dec. 27. 

Sbiloh.— We met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. Obed Hamstead as 
moderator. A committee was appointed to procure an evangelist to 
hold our series of mtetings and arrange the date for same. Bro. 
Hamstead preached two excellent discourses for us on Saturday 
night and Sunday.— Louella R. Spurgeon, Moatsville, W. Va., Dec. 

The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunk era 

1. It firmly accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical 
doctrines of the inspiration of the Word of God, the deity of 
Christ, the personality of the Holy Spirit, the sin-pardoning 
value of the atonement, the personal and visible return of our 
Lord, and the resurrection both of the just and unjust (John 
5: 28, 29). 

2. It observes the following New Testament sacraments: 
Baptism of penitent believers by trine immersion for the re- 
mission of sins (Matt. 28: 19; Acts 2: 38); f^et-washing (John 
13: 1-20; 1 Tim. 5: 10); love feast (Luke 22: 20; John 13: 4; 1 
Cor. 11: 17-34; Jude 12); communion (Matt. 26: 26-30); the 
Christian salutation (Rom. 16: 16; Acts 20: 37); proper ap- 
pearance in worship (1 Cor. 11: 2-16); the anointing for heal- 
ing in the name of the Lord (James 5: 13-18; Mark 6: 
13); laying on of hands (Acts 8: 17; 19: 6; 1 Tim. 4: 14). These 
sacraments are representative of spiritual facts which obtain 
in the lives of true believers, and as such are helps in the 
development of the Christian life, 

3. It emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and daily 
family altars for the home (Eph. 6: 18-20; Philpp. 4: 8, 9); 
stewardship of time, talents and money (Matt. 25: 14-30): 
taking care of the fatherless, widows, poor, sick and aged 
(Acts 6: 1-7), 

4. It opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of 
human life (Matt. 5: 21-26, 43, 44; Rom. 12: 19-21; Isa. S3: 7-12); 
intemperance in all things (Titus 2: 2; Gal. 5: 22-26; Eph. 5: 
18); violence in industrial controversy (Matt. 7: 12; Rom. 13: 
8-10); going to law especially against our Christian brethren 
(1 Cor. 6: 1-9); divorce and remarriage except for the one 
Scriptural reason (Matt. 19: 9); swearing with uplifted hand 
(Matt. 5: 33-37; James 5: 12); membership in secret oath-hound 
societies (2 Cor. 6: 14-18); games of chance and sinful amuse- 
ments (1 Thess. 3: 22; 1 Peter 2: 11; Rom, 12: 17); extravagant 
and immodest dress (1 Tim 2: 8-10; 1 Peter 3: 1-6). 

5. It labors earnestly for the conversion of the world to 
Jesus Christ, and for the realization of his ideals in the Chris- 
tian life. 

Tracts explaining these doctrines sent free upon request. 


Three Systematic Courses by Correspondence 


Catalogue Free. 

E. S. Young, Pros. 


Dept. 40, Claremont, Cal. 



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tell the young men 
about the obstacles 
" = ^ and" how they got 
over them and became the eminent men that 

they are. Each postpaid $1.00. 


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A comprehensive book for the housewife. The 
Revised Inglenook Cook Book contains over twenty 
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By Annie Balmer Myers 

"The Plain People" is a term by which our 
church, in common with Mennonites and others, 
is known in some parts of Pennsylvania. There 
is portrayed in the heroine's experiences the con- 
flict between the strict principles of our church 
and the more liberal views of life. The girl's 
mother who had " turned plain " after her mar- 
riage died soon after the girl was born and she 
was left in the care of an aunt. The influence of 
a school teacher from Philadelphia had* much to 
do in determining her life. Her love of music 
and determination to have a musical education 
ran counter to some of the accepted ideas of 
her closest friends. The friendship of two neigh- 
bor boys and the need of the widowed mother of 
one of them aided much in the settlement of 
the question as to what was really worth while. 
The portrayal of our people is done, we believe, 
faithfully and sympathetically. In this it is 
unlike many other books purporting to do the 
same, but which give only a caricature of our 
people. A book of absorbing interest which will 
also h«lp to a better understanding of our church. 
Price, now reduced to 82c. 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, III. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— m.h.6: io, l„i. 11,2 

" T'" , w . c a " attail > «nto ... the suture of 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 72 

Elgin, III., January 20, 1923 

No. 3 

In This Number 

Searching for the Reason, 

The Choicest Reward .". 

Words, Symbols, Truth, Life 

Consider This Plan Before You Decide, ... 

Among the Churches, 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour, 

The Forward Movement — 

Can We Give? 

Source of Happiness 

Forward Movement Notes. 


Contributors' Forum — 

At Calvary (Poem). By Mary Stoner Wine, 34 

What Should Be the Length of the Sermon? By Wm. Kinsey, ..34 

The Call to a World Task. By Mary L. Hykes, 34 

Is Our Ministry Measuring Up to the Needs of the Day? By 

Wm. K. Conner, ,....35 

Scriptural Baptism. By Lcander Smith 36 

Death of Eld. R. F. McCune. By J. H. Moore, 36 

The Round Table- 
Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond. By S. Z. Sharp, 38 

Two Views of Life. By Elgin S. Moyer, 38 

For Me to Live Is Christ. By Ezra Flory, 38 

Order, Not Happen So. By A. B. Coover 38 

Home and Family — 

Treasures (Poem). By Edyth Hillery Hay 38 

That New Mustard Suit. Selected by Lula R. Tinkle, 38 

Kindness. By Eva IJinegardner 39 


Searching for the Reason 

Motives are often mixed. More than one consid- 
eration enters into the case. So with causes in general. 
And so with the tendency to neglect the distinctive 
doctrines of the church. 

A small part of it may be charged to pure care- 
lessness, probably. It represents no conviction, no 
deliberate purpose, nothing but the operation of the 
natural law of inertia. A somewhat larger factor 
may be accounted for by the desire to be like other 
people, the natural shrinking from anything that sets 
one off as odd or different. To fall in with the gen- 
eral trend is the line of least resistance. Then some 
may feel that it is kind or wise not to wound the 
sensibilities of others who may look at things differ- 
ently, or to run the risk of arousing antagonism. 

Such considerations as these have their place in 
the situation, no doubt, but they come far short of 
explaining it. Especially do they fall short of explain- 
ing the attitude of the leaders in church activities. 

Another influence of no little strength is the new 
interest in aggressive enterprises which has been devel- 
oped in the last generation. Missions, Sunday-schools, 
education, etc., have taken the place in our church 
life, formerly held by trine immersion and noncon- 
formity. We have given less thought to defending 
our doctrinal position because we have been so busy 
with a constructive program. 

Making due allowance, however, for all these influ- 
ences, and especially for the last named, we must 
frankly allow that we have not struck bottom. The 
root of the matter lies deeper. Inertia, timidity, and 
preoccupation, all taken together, are no more than 
half of the explanation. The largest element in the 
case is the changing conception of the essential nature 
of religion in general and the religion of Jesus Christ 
in particular. Not only the meaning of religion but 
the meaning of salvation is involved. What it really 
means to be a Christian and what it really means to 
be saved, are questions about which our people are 
thinking deeply, with the perfectly normal result that 
their understanding of these vital matters is in process 
of growth, just as one's understanding of everything 
else about which he does any serious thinking, is in 
process of growth. 

But before following out this thought any further, 
let us stop long enough to quiet some of our rising 

anxieties. The foregoing observations do not imply 
that our people are losing faith in our distinctive 
doctrines and wish to get rid of them. Certainly, not 
to any considerable degree. The church has modified 
its position on some points in the past and might do 
so again. There are some, possibly, who would like 
to see a few minor changes in our doctrinal formulas 
and practice. But any such feeling is very limited 
in scope. The significance of the fact, pointed out 
in the preceding paragraph, is that it is affecting our 
conception of the relative importance of different 
doctrines and of the place of doctrine in our religion. 
It explains why we are saying less about some things 
than we used to, and more about others. 

Without going into too much detail, it will be useful 
at this point to recall the religious ideas with which 
most of us began our Christian experience. Salvation 
was primarily a matter of the next world. Prepara- 
tion for it had to be made here and now, but the 
blessing itself, except the blessing of anticipation, 
would be enjoyed in the life hereafter. This was 
endless existence in a beautiful place free from pain, 
sorrow and want of every kind. Admission to this 
place was to be secured by obedience to the com- 
mandments of God, and the observance of these com- 
mandments constituted the essence of religion. Faith, 
repentance and baptism, administered in the proper 
manner by the proper person, with the proper end 
in view, were the conditions of pardon. These steps 
would bring one within the promise of salvation and 
that relation could be maintained as long as one lived 
by continuing to observe the other commandments. 
These commandments were partly positive, partly neg- 
ative^ — things to do and things to 'refrain from doing. 
To discover the exact number of them and the correct 
manner of observing them, was the great task of reli- 
gion. And although equally honest and well-inten- 
tioned people were often unable to agree on these 
points, everything depended on the right answer. 

With a conception like this in control, and with such 
a tremendous stake involved, it is very easy to under- 
stand the terrible earnestness with which the good 
men of former generations debated these fine points 
of doctrine. " If every transgression and disobedi- 
ence received a just recompense of reward," " Blessed 
are they that do his commandments " : — such as these 
were the favorite texts. Any matter in controversy 
was either a commandment or it was not. And if it 
was, wasn't there a right way to do it? And wasn't 
any other way wrong? Suppose you did have every- 
thing right but one thing, and missed it in that — 
weren't you guilty of all? It was a question of life 
and death, you see, and everlasting life and death 
at that. 

But why is it that the general view of religion, 
briefly sketched above, no longer satisfies us? Does 
not salvation still mean happiness in the world to 
come? Is it not still important to keep the com- 
mandments of God? And therefore to know what 
they are? Is God any less displeased with disobe- 
dience than he was in the ages past? 

Just what is the nature of this changing conception 
of religion and salvation? And what ground is there 
for it? , 

The Choicest Reward 

If the story of the widow's mites were a piece of 
fiction, we should expect it to end with Jesus calling 
the poor woman to himself and bestowing* upon her 
some special reward or recognition. For such is the 
demand of the ordinary story reader. Any distin- 
guished service or sacrifice must not fail of a corre- 
spondingly distinguished reward. But Jesus allowed 

this woman to go her way without even finding out, 
perhaps, that her act had been noticed and commended 
by One who understood. 

But did she fail of her reward? Did not Jesus 
understand that she carried away with her the most 
precious kind of reward— a heart swelling with the 
overflowing tides of sacrificing love? What of it that 
her purse was empty? Only hearts can feel, not 
purses. It is a safe guess that she went home eager 
for. the next chance to earn two more mites with 
which to do the same thing over. For rewards like 
that are the kind one likes to earn over and over 
again. ^__^_^___ 

Words, Symbols, Truth, Life 

How inadequate are words to the tasks we must 
set for them! Painstaking descriptions, reasoned 
syllogisms and carefully measured definitions— we use 
them constantly, for we can not do without them. 
And yet what poor vehicles of truth they are! 

And so, in an effort to escape the limitations of 
prosaic sentences, we resort to pictures, diagrams, 
illustrations and symbols of many kinds. These are 
more effective as a rule, but they carry perils of 
their own. They are much prettier than words, more 
interesting. And thus, attracted by their beauty or 
mystery or other uniqueness, our attention is held fast 
to the symbols. And they symbolize nothing to our 
minds, after all. 

It is as if we had become so enamored of the map's 
bright coloring that we forgot all about the place 
we started out to find. Or as if we fell to studying 
the mechanism of the microscope instead of the struc- 
ture of the object we had desired to examine. 

We must use symbols. Religious education is using 
them more and more. They are indispensable to 
progress in the apprehension of Christian truth. Jesus 
used them extensively in his teaching. He adopted 
them as a means of indoctrinating his disciples. And 
upon his authority we still use / them. Which is well. 
But is it not distressing, positively sickening, to see 
how little interest we have in the truth they picture? 

The distinctive thing about the religion of Jesus is 
its spirit. To discover what this is and to incorporate 
it into life is the supreme object of Christian discipline. 
But this can not be told very well in words. It can 
be better understood by means of symbols. But how 
is it that a little slackness of interest in the symbols 
so easily arouses inquiry if not.suspicion, while nobody 
thinks of becoming excited over the question whether 
the truth expressed in the symbols is making any head- 
way in our lives. 

Just so we look at the map often, to make sure 
that the colors are distinct and intact, it does not 
matter whether we ever find any places on it or not ! 
Just so we keep looking at the microscope, it does 
not matter whether we ever look through it or not ! 

Consider This Plan Before You Decide 

One way is to answer your critics in kind. Another 
way is to resign. Another way is to go quietly and 
steadily ahead. 

The example of David, as pictured in 1 Sam. 30: 
6, seems to favor the last-named policy. He was 
"greatly distressed, for the people spake of stoning 
him." He could have relieved his feelings, probably, 
by turning round and cursing the people. Instead 
of that he " strengthened himself in Jehovah his God/' 

" Encouraged himself," one version has it. " He 
moved into the secret place of the Most High under 
the shadow of the Almighty." Isn't his way worthy 
of serious consideration? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


At Calvary 

At Calvary I lost the chain 
That held me fast in sins domain; 
At Calvary Christ made me whole 
'Twas there he saved my soul. 

At Calvary I saw the Light, 
At Calvary my sins made white, 
At Calvary Christ set me free 
And gives me victory. 
At Calvary the world so vain 
I lost to find my Lord is gain; 
At Calvary 1 found God's love 
In Christ from heaven above. 
To Calvary's cross I go when sin 
Would make my heart impure within; 
The precious blood it cleanses me, 
The blood from Calvary. 
At Calvary 1 lost my dread 
And found the peace of God instead; 
The Holy Ghost came to abide— 
My Comforter, my Guide. 
Mount Morris, 111. 

What Should Be the Length of the Sermon? 


The length of the sermon and the length of the 
services are two different things. The sermon is but 
one part of the services. Its length must be consid- 
ered in relation to the whole. 


It is rather interesting to note the length of services 
and sermons in former ages. At Troas " Paul dis- 
coursed with them, intending to depart on the mor- 
row ; and prolonged his speech until midnight" (Acts 
20: 7). Paul passed the midnight— " And as Paul 
discoursed longer." Also he " talked with them a long 
while, even till break of day " (Acts 20; 9, 11). Here 
was really an all-night service, the greater part of 
which consisted of preaching. 

In the seventeenth century the Church of England, 
the Dissenters, etc., would frequently occupy from 
three to seven hours in service— the sermon of which 
would be from two to three hours in length. For an 
example, a certain Mr. Howe, minister of Great Tor- 
rington, Devonshire, would, on occasion of the public 
fasts, begin about nine o'clock in the morning. He 
prayed for about a quarter of an hour, then he read 
or expounded a chapter or a psalm, consuming three- 
quarters of an hour. Then he prayed again for about 
an hour. Then he preached another hour, and prayed 
again a half hour. He rested a bit while the people 
sang, and then he preached and prayed another hour, 
respectively, closing-tfie services about four o'clock in 
the afternoon. 

In Colonial days, in New England, the sermon lasted 
from two to three hours. " In the sermons— two on 
Sunday and a third, the ' Thursday lecture,' during the 
week— our forefathers received a good mouthful of 
doctrine, though two hours and a half was thought 
too long for a sermon." 

The length of the sermon today varies some, but 
on the whole is much shorter. 

The Length of the Sermon 
The length of the sermon depends much on condi- 
tions and circumstances. Some things to be kept in 
mind are; 

1. The Sermon Is Only a Part of the Services.— 
Due consideration should be given to the other factors 
in a service, since they contribute largely to the suc- 
cess of worship. Singing, praying, giving, etc., have 
their place. 

2. Frequency of Services. — Two sermons a Sun- 
day is quite different from two sermons a month. The 
more numerous the services, the shorter they must 
necessarily be. 

3. Manner of Life and Customs.— Rural life and 
customs are quite different from those of city life. 

The city life is more intense, and usually more sys- 
tematic and has more religious activities. 

4 The Nature of the Occasion.- Paul preached 
all night in Troas. But it was a farewell occasion. 
They would never see Paul again. He had much to 
say. They were willing to hear. And then it was 
Paul who was preaching. Special occasions may, in 
many instances, call for a longer sermon. 

5. The Nature of the Subject.— Some subjects 
may be handled nicely in twenty minutes, as for ex- 
ample, " Sincerity." But " The Atonement " or " The 
Second Coming of Christ" can not be handled in so 
brief a period. 

How long should the sermon be? No hard and fast 
rule can be laid down. There are times when a fifteen 
or twenty minute sermon is most practical. The 
nature of the subject, condition of the weather, etc., 
should govern. Then there are times when a thirty 
minute, or a forty-five minute, or even a sermon of an 
hour is justifiable. 

Again, the nature of the subject, the occasion, etc., 
should determine. The church program should be 
flexible. Monotony should be avoided. These things 
will, doubtless, help to forestall chafing on the part 
of the, hearers. The people of today would not stand 
for the long sermons and services of olden times. 
And we think it not necessary, for reasons given above. 
But, on the other hand, we should guard against so 
reducing the sermons and services as to miss the very 
thing for which they stand. We must not reduce and 
abridge so as to jeopardize the means of grace, and 
the means of Christian education. 

Some say : " A good sermon doesn't need to be long." 
A good sermon on a big subject can hardly be short. 
A poor sermon, on either a big or a little subject, ought 
to be short. Perhaps the length of the sermon is 
measured more by psychology than by the clock. A 
long sermon, when good and interesting, is short. A 
short sermon, when dull and uninteresting, is long. 
Time is long or short just as you are aware of it. 
As a rule, a half hour sermon is of good length. Many 
of the hour sermons, preached today, could well be 
preached in twenty-five minutes or less. Some one 
has remarked : " The preacher who tires us is the 
one who talks before he begins, and keeps on talking 
after he is through." 

Usually the argument is in favor of the shorter 
sermon father than the longer sermon. It takes more 
preparation for the short sermon than for the long 
one. The long sermon is often indicative of little 

New Windsor, Md. 

The Call to a World Task 

Second Prize Esoay, Elizaoethtown College 

One day, while Christ was out on the mountain- 
side, with his little group of twelve, talking to them 
confidentially, just as our parents have confidential 
talks with us concerning our work and problems, 
before we leave home for school, he challenged them 
thus : " Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptiz- 
ing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghost ; teaching them to observe all 
things whatsoever I have commanded you ; and, lo, I 
am with you alway, even unto the end of the world." 
The disciples were well-trained men. They had 
been in training for three years under the Master 
Teacher. They readily accepted the challenge and 
obeyed the call by carrying the Gospel news to both 
Jew and Gentile, bond or free, regardless of race. 
That same challenge confronts us today, presenting 
great opportunities, privileges and experiences to him 
who obeys. 

This same Jesus gives the same promises today 
as he did many years ago. In this call he wants to 
enlist world Christians for this world task — those who 
have the whole world at heart, and who purpose that 
the world shall know of the plan of salvation. A 
" world Christian " is one of threefold relationship- 
God, others, and himself, indissolubly knit together. 

We have seen the attitude that the disciples took 
toward this challenge. Now the question is: What 
attitude are we going to take, as the Master looks 
about, wondering who will respond? The call is an 
individual one. Some folks say ; " How do I know 
I am called?" This call, like any other call, comes 
in various ways. The knowledge of conditions is call 
enough ; however, some have received the call through 
others. If we will just stop for a few minutes, and 
think very definitely about the task, we shall feel the 


Who will go? The Lord wants volunteers— those 
who do not set pay-day as their goal, but those who 
set as their goal the saving of many precious souls. 
Many people fall into trouble because of conflicting in- 
terests and fail to hear the call. 

Some one has said: " Interests are the measure of 
the self, and the question at stake, in the first standard 
for world service, is the kind of self we are building." 
When our hearts and minds get saturated with the con- 
viction of the endless capacity of the human soul, we 
are impelled to jriirrwith God in that patient, educative, 
hopeful love which helps that soul to attain. God gives 
us the power or ability to lead other souls to him, but 
it first may mean that some change their attitude. 
Phillips Brooks came to the place where he saw that 
boys are white, spotted black, and not black, spotted 
white. Thus it behooves many of us to come to a 
place where we have to change some of our unneces- 
sary notions and opinions. It is our duty to ask God 
that we may see, both in the world's needs and in our 
supply, the opportunity to act seriously upon our ideal 
of human brotherhood. 

The force of this call is with great power, because 
in times past our parents only knew about the home 
field and 'a meager knowledge of that, but today, since 
we are knit so closely together by modern conveniences, 
and also by our help, given to the famine-stricken coun- 
tries, we become more responsible to this task, which . 
looms up very high before us. By the physical needs 
we are responsible to answer the call, but by a far 
greater challenge the spiritual needs must be supplied. 
We must reform the physical conditions; then the 
people will be ready and more willing, and, in fact, 
will crave for the spiritual comfort. 

Great as this good news is, we can not satisfy hun- 
gry souls unless we are an embodiment of the message 
in our lives and in society. Emerson says : " What you 
are, speaks so loud I can not hear what you say." 
" If we would learn for ourselves what is the supreme- 
ly effective expression of the Christian consciousness, 
we must turn to God himself, who expressed himself 
most significantly through incarnate life," as a certain 
writer has stated. 

As this makes us more responsible for the task, so 
vast and so important, it is not a mere matter of in- 
different choice whether we enter into a life of self- 
sacrificing service, but it is a " part of salvation," as 
expressed by some student. 

We look about us and think: " Why launch out into 
the deep when America alone has need of much atten- 
tion ? " The load of America will not and can not be 
lifted, unless there be a lever long enough to reach to 
China or some other country. Faith alone dares to 
bring about purification and enrichment of the whole 
world's life, so as to have dynamic enough to deal ef- 
fectively with the home situation. 

God is calling you and me to partnership in a great 
task. Are we willing to be empowered as were Paul 
and Barnabas, Peter and John? (Acts 14: 11-15.) 

I heard him call, 

" Come; follow," that was all. 

My gold grew dim, 

My soul went after him. 

I rose and followed, that was all. 

Who would not follow if he heard his call? 

Are we ready to pay the price ? 2 Cor. 1 1 : 23-28 tells 
us how Paul paid the cost. Some writer interpreted 
this text very beautifully, stating that the physical 
sufferings of Paul were such that it seemed he was al- 
ways bearing about in the body the dying Jesus. But 
he accepted those sufferings as part of the task. Paul's 
concerns were Christ and the Gospel and not his bodily 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


sufferings, though they were many and almost unbear- 
able at times. 

We have seen and have studied the situation, and 
heard the call, but before we go, we must have abso- 
lute faith and trust in our Guide, Jesus Christ. 

"Lead, kindly light, amid the encircling gloom, 

Lead thou me onl 
The night is dark, and I am far from home; 

Lead thou me onl 
Keep thou my feet, I do not ask to see 

The distant scene — one step's enough for me." 

Hagerstown, Md. 

Is Our Ministry Measuring Up to the Needs of 
the Day? 


An Address Delivered at Ministerial Meeting o( Eastern Pennsylvania, 
Nov. 1, 19ZZ 

This question has been a heavy burden on my mind 
ever since I was asked to discuss it. I am very glad 
for the opportunity to unload. The Lord made me 
feel the importance of it as I have not felt the im- 
portance of a subject for some time. I shall divide 
it into three parts : (1) Our Ministry; (2) The Times; 
(3) The Needs and How to Meet Them. 

I. Our Ministry 

Are we called for such a time as this? If called 
of God, we are. If anointed hy God, we are. We 
must, of course, be nonconformed to the world, in 
full harmony with the Spirit of God and not of this 
age (1 Cor. 2: 12). We must not speak in the words 
which man's wisdom teaches but which the Holy Ghost 
teaches (1 Cor. 2: 13). We must not be taught or 
trained in " Babylon." Our teaching must be along 
the line of Matt. 28: 19, 20. 

We must be soul-winners, and our churches 
must be soul-saving stations — growing and not dying 

We must not apply the principles of Christ to the 
activities of the unregenerate world, as many are try- 
ing to do. 

II. The Times 

These are times when men's hearts are " failing 
them for fear, and for looking after those things which 
are coming on the earth" (Luke 21: 26). 

These are the times of 1 Tim. 4: 1, 2; 2 Tim. 3: 
1-5; 4: 3, 4. 

This is an evil or " wicked age" (Weymouth), as 
the Holy Ghost says in Gal. 1 : 4. 

Several illustrations of these scriptures clearly indi- 
cate that today many are " lovers of pleasures more 
than lovers of God." The Rev. B. G. Bouchier 
promises his parishioners that he will endeavor to 
arrange games of cricket, tennis and rounders for 
Sunday afternoons, but only those who attend 
divine services in the morning will be expected to 
attend. A Southern Methodist preacher, who was 
anxious to increase the attendance at the midweek 
prayer meeting, advertised that all who came to the 
prayer meeting would be entertained free afterward, 
in a moving picture show. 

"Doctrines of devils," etc., are referred to in the 
Scriptures, and well may we heed the warning. There 
is a law to punish vicious men, who corrupt the young 
through acts of immorality. But here is something 
worse. In the " Picture Story Paper," published by 
the Methodist Book Concern for the use of Sunday- 
school children, dated May 14, 1922, appears a story 
written by Maude Burbank Harding. The story is 
entitled : " Hoofs, Claws and Paws." Here follows 
part of the story: 

"Were our toes once as long as our fingers, like the 
monkey's?" Betty laughed as she looked at her dainty 

"I suppose they were, my dear, for man once walked 
on all fours and climbed like the monkey. Like the mon- 
key, too, he had a natural coat of hair, and had no need 
of clothes. It was by covering the body more and more 
with clothes that mankind gradually lost the hairy cover- 

"If we covered our heads all the time would we soon 
be without hair?" wondered Betty, as she felt her thick 

Uncle Tom lifted his hat and laughed. " See what hap- 
pened to my head from wearing a hat too much." 

And isn't the following equally as bad, approaching 
the Sunday-school from a different angle? At the 
summer camps of the International Sunday School 
Association some Satanic teaching was done along 
this line: "The Bible is by no means infallible." 
'" The prophets contradict each other and Jesus contra- 
dicts them all." "Jesus was neither omniscient nor 

Surely this is a time when churches are entering 
more and more into so-called social and reform work, 
departing from the real work of the church — soul- . 
saving. The church and the world — so it is claimed — 
are uniting to make the world a decent and a safe 
place to live in. We are told : " Never were the 
church and the world in such happy accord." And 
just as truthfully might we say: "Never was Satan 
more pleased with the church." 

" Increasingly the work of missionaries is turning 
from winning the people to Christ and salvation to 
that of improving their physical condition" — so we 
read. It is so easy to follow the path of least resist- 
ance. Sam Higginbottom, missionary to India, is a 
notable example. From the secular standpoint he is 
doing a magnificent work. On one occasion he was 
telling of his work, and as he neared the end of his 
address he said that sometimes people asked if he 
could honestly use those things instead of Christianity. 
" I reply," said he, " that is Christianity." He put 
great emphasis on the is, and there was a roaring and 
prolonged applause from the great audience. 

Brethren and sisters, how many of you call physical 
improvement Christianity? It is only a by-product. 
It can not save. How we need to give ourselves to 
prayer and the study of the Word more thoroughly, 
not to be deceived by a pretending "angel of light " 
and his would-be " ministers of righteousness " ! 

But this is not all. " A thoroughly evangelical editor 
of Great Britain writes that it is his judgment that 
fully seventy-five per cent of British pastors are un- 
sound doctrinally." 

L. W. Munhall, editor of the Eastern Methodist, 
says: " I know of no Methodist pastor in the city of 
New York who believes the Bible is the Word of 
God, and preaches it in the power of the Holy Ghost 
and in much assurance." Think of it! 

Again, the American Bar Association declared re- 
cently that crime in the United States has reached 
appalling proportions, and unless checked soon, will 
carry the nation to anarchy. 

Lloyd George, of England, addressing a gathering 
of nonconformist ministers, made through them an 
impassioned appeal to the churches of Great Britain 
and America. "If another general war comes," said 
he, " I speak advisedly, civilization is doomed." 

Wm. T. Ellis, a man who has a world-wide vision, 
says: "We have got to start all over again. The 
world is in such a mess that a new beginning must 
be made." 

What do you think of this, said by the editor of 
The Light? "Every new invention, every new 
discovery makes it easier and easier to believe the 
Bible, miracles, and all. Radio is a greater miracle 
than anything mentioned in the Scriptures." I trust 
none of you are deluded like that. God pity and help 
you if you are, and especially so if our ministers have 
so weak a faith! That would truly be alarming. 

The " perilous times " are strikingly illustrated by 
the fact that many preachers are being deceived and 
yielding to the temptation with which Satan tried 
Christ — worldly power and glory (Luke 4:6). They 
spend more time discoursing on the glories of this age 
than on the glories of the age to come. " Heaven 
seems a long way off to them, and so they are given 
up to making this world a good place to live in " — 
a thing man can not do. 

Again, " winning the world for Christ " and ruling 
it — while he is absent — is a beautiful but unscriptural 
ideal, and can never be attained. Failure and disap- 
pointment await all who are seeking such a will-o-the- 
wisp. Yea, according to Ellis, and others, it has al- 
ready vanished. Shall we follow the same thing? 
God forbid! 

And how some overly-zealous enthusiasts are blow- 
ing peace bubbles! How beautiful they look in their 
unreal, deceitful glory! How quickly and quietly they 
explode ! Be not deceived— this is not the age of the 
Prince of Peace. He said : " Think not that I am 
come to send peace on the earth ; I come not to send 
peace but a sword" (Matt. 10: 34). " Suppose ye I 
am come to give peace on the earth ? I tell you, Nay ; 
but rather division" (Luke 12: 51). When Christ 
comes to rule and reign on the earth, then we shall 
have peace and not until then. None can have peace 
now but those who accept him (John 14: 27). This 
age has rejected him, hence has accepted war, and war 
it must be until the Prince of Peace comes. Shall 
we take part in it? We can not if we are in him. He 
calls for separation. Let us pray mightily that we be 
not yoked with the world, but that Christ may lead 
us out from among them, that we be separated from 
our Lord's enemies. 

III. The Needs and How to Supply Them 

The first scripture that came as an answer is Acts 
6: 4: "We will give ourselves continually to prayer 
and the ministry of the word." Surely, if ever there 
was a time when such a ministry was needed it is 
now. And notice what is put first — prayer! Let us 
remember that the same thing is ailing the world today 
as then — sin. And the remedy is just the same today, 
two thousand years later, as then, regeneration — not 
reformation, nor education, nor federation, nor organ- 
ization, nor legislation, nor sanitation, nor anything 
that reaches only the natural man and makes him com- 
fortable in his sins and satisfied with this world. What 
humanity needs today is the dynamite of the Gospel, 
to stir the indifferent to action, that they may be saved. 
The ministers need to know the Word, or they can not 
preach it. 

Chrysostom said: "Here is the cause of all our 
evils — our not knowing the Scriptures." Especially 
should the prophecies be studied, that we may know 
God's plan, that we may not be deceived by some 
beautiful but false ideal, and sink into the dreadful 
state of apostasy with professed Christendom. 
" Prophecy neglected leaves man ignorant of God's 
plan and the easy prey of lying inventions and delusive 
theories." The great Interchurch World Movement 
failed for reasons that are well known. And this is 
not the last of similarly magnificent but deceptive 
schemes ! Is there not great need of a ministry given 
wholly to prayer and the ministry of the Word? 

Are the needs different today from what they were 
in apostolic days and all the days since? Some call 
it " a new day," and want to prescribe a new remedy. 
But there is only one thing wrong — sin. There is 
only one cure — salvation — salvation by blood — the 
blood of the Lamb that taketh away the sin of the 
world. We certainly do need a ministry that will give 
itself to" prayer and the ministry of the Word. Other- 
Wise our ministers will be deceived and they may 
attempt to use some of the mirage-like modern theories 
to save the world. 

We need ministers today who fully realize that the 
great and only real need of the times is salvation — 
not salvation of the world or nation, or society — but 
of the individual. They must be convinced that the 
only means of salvation is not social service but the 
ministry of the Word. Let others engage in social 
service, civic righteousness, philanthropic work, refor- 
mation, and the many other things that the world 
(and Satan) are so highly endorsing, to make this 
world a better place to live in, but let the ministers 
give themselves " continually to prayer and the minis- 
try of the Word " — a sure cure, and the only cure for 
the ills of the times. 

The Holy Spirit knows the needs of every time. 
He took charge nearly 2,000 years ago. He directed 
the apostles and " deacons " then, and they succeeded 
gloriously. He is just as familiar with conditions 
today, and his instructions are still the same. The 
ministers should follow his leading. Then they will 
measure up to the " needs of the times." There is 
no other way. No man in himself, however learned, 
is sufficient by means of his own devices — his suffi- 

(Conltnued on Page 42) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 

Scriptural Baptism 

Bapti.m 1* Triune Immenion of Believer, in Water, upon 
a Confession of Faith Symbolizing a Burial and Res- 
urrection—the Rite Being Administered by Scriptural 
Authority, and in the Name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 

No one will deny that baptism administered after 
the following plan, is Scriptural : A Scriptural sub- 
ject—a believer in Christ; a Scriptural act— triune 
immersion; a Scriptural design— a burial and resur- 
rection; Scriptural authority— a New Testament 

The authority for baptizing is found in the Com- 
mission (Matt. 28: 19), which commands us to make 
disciples and to baptize them. 

The following is not philosophy, nor sophistry, nor 
even argument, but a " thus saith the Lord " on the 
subject : 

It is well for us to " learn not to go beyond the 
things which are written" (1 Cor. 4: 6, R. V.). 

What the Scriptural Act Require* 

/. Water. 

" Here is water ; what doth hinder me to be bap- 
tized " (Acts 8: 36)? "Can any man forbid water, 
that these should not be baptized " (Acts 10: 47) ? 

Then the Scriptural act of baptism requires 
" water." 

2, Much water. 
- " And John also was baptizing in Enon near to 
Salim, because there was much water there " (John 
3: 23). " And there went out unto him all the land 
of Tudea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized 
of him in the river of Jordan " (Mark 1 : 5). Then 
the Scriptural act of baptism requires " much water." 

j. Going down into the water. 

" And they went down both into the water, both 
Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him" (Acts 
8: 38). 

Then the Scriptural act of baptism requires " going 
down into the water." 

4. A burial. 

" Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into 
death ; that like as Christ was raised up from the dead 
by the glory of the Father, even so we also should 
walk in newness of life" (Rom. 6: 4). 

5. By a forward action. 

" For if we have been planted together in the like- 
ness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his 
resurrection" (Rom. 6: 5). 

" When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, 
he said, It is finished, and he bowed his head [not back- 
ward but forward], and gave up his spirit " (John 19: 
30, R. V.). 

6. By triune immersion. 

" Baptizing them into the name of the Father and 
of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (Matt; 28: 19, 
last clause, R. V.). 

. We need not be expert grammarians, to understand 
this matter if we are but observant of the use of 
words. A diagram of Matt. 28: 19, does reveal the 
need of three actions, to make good the sense of the 
sentence. " Baptizing " — the word ending with " ing " 
— means either plurality or continuance. And the 
word " of " in the text denotes a possessive case. 

7. Coming up out of the water. 

" And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straight- 
way out of the water" (Matt. 3: 16). "And when 
they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of 
the Lord caught away Philip, that the eunuch saw him 
no more" (Acts 8: 39). 

Then, the Scriptural act of baptism requires a 
" coming up out of the water." 

It will be observed that the writer has not taken 
one scripture which mentions " baptism " and another 
which mentions a " burial " and put them together to 
make out a case. Neither has he taken one Scriptural 
passage which speaks of " baptism " and another 
which speaks of " going down into the water," nor one 
passage which mentions " baptism " and another which 
speaks of "coming up out of the water" and put 
them together to make out a case, but he has taken 
the scriptural passages which speak of being "buried 

in baptism." " And they went down both into the 
water, . . . and he baptized him." " And Jesus 
when he was baptized went up straightway out of the 
water." No, the case is made out in the Scriptures. 
It takes no juggling of Scriptures to make out a plain 
case of triune immersion. 

We close in the language of the Apostle Paul, " For 
if we have become united with him in the likeness of 
his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resur- 
rection " (Rom. 6: 5, R. V.) 

The question of baptism is a very important one 
aMd should be settled by the Word of God. 

808 Avenue E, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

. McCu] 

Death of Eld. R. F. McCune 


When I came to Lanark, 111., in the summer of 1876, I 
got in touch with a young man, R. F. McCune, who, with 
his small family, lived on a 
farm a few miles from town. 
He was then about twenty- 
six years old. Everybody 
called him Frank, and all 
seemed to be his friends. 
When Sunday came he was 
at meeting, whether in his 
own congregation — the Shan- 
non church — or at some 
other point. If there were 
any meetings during the 
week, he was sure to be on 
hand. Some one, on meet- 
ing a close neighbor, asked 
him if he knew where Frank 
was. The neighbor said: 
'"All I can say is, that he is 
either at a meeting, somewhere, or on the way to one." 
I soon learned that Frank was a man who did things— 
a real live wire — and could be depended upon. He was 
just as diligent about his farm work as he was about his 
church duties, and it was always a question with me -as 
to which one he gave the more consideration. As the 
years went by, 1 noticed that he attended all the District 
Meetings of Northern Illinois, was present at most of 
the love feasts, and never thought of missing a called 
meeting. If I wished to attend any of these meetings, all 
I had to do was to get word to Frank, and he saw to the 
rest. Though a young minister, he did not do very much 
preaching, but he was a wonderful inspiration to the older 

In the field of charity, he was generous almost to a 
fault, and during his life probably spent more money for 
the good of others, and to help along with creditable 
enterprises, than he laid aside for himself. When Bro. 
Christian Hope came upon the scene, as a proposed mis- 
sionary to Denmark, Frank was the first man to offer 
financial aid, as a matter of preparation for the work, 
and just how much he did to inspire Bro. Hope and to 
help him over some rough places, will never be known. 
When the ? Brethren at Work" came into existence, he 
was on hand to offer words of cheer and to stand ready to 
back the concern, if the publishers should need a lift. 
In 1877 all Northern Illinois was stirred over the proposed 
Mt. Morris College. His very first declaration was in 
favor of the institution, and when the time came for 
something substantial he, along with others, had money 
for the undertaking. In fact, he had a liberal hand for 
every good and helpful work put in motion. 

The man was alw_ays cheerful. Some of the more sedate 
type thought he might, at times, be a bit too lively for 
a preacher. He simply bubbled over with sunshine and 
Christian cheerfulness, and wherever he went he made 
friends. And while full of jokes, wit and an occasional 
touch of fun, when in society, he was always intensely 
serious in the pulpit, and made people feel that the reli- 
gious life was a matter of sober consideration. He preached 
the Gospel nearly fifty years, served in the eldership over 
thirty years and during that time had charge of twelve 
different churches. He usually spoke without notes, and 
yet there was about his sermons a system, thoroughness 
and earnestness that rendered him an interesting and 
attractive speaker. There was something about his life 
and manner of preaching that gripped the hearer and 
touched the heart of the people. Hundreds of men and 
women have been made the better because he lived and 
touched their lives. 

Bro. Robert Franklin McCune was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, Nov. 3, 1850, being the fourth in a family of seven 
children. He was but eleven years old when his father 
died, and it fell to his lot to help make a living for the 
family. His educational advantages were few indeed, but 
all his life he was a lover of reading. In 1866 the family 
moved to Carroll County, 111. In 1871 he was married to 
Mary Rowland, the daughter of John Rowland, a well- 
to-do farmer, residing near Lanark. The year following 

he united with the church, and a few years later was 
called to the ministry. Leaving Carroll County in 1883, 
he located in Dallas Center, Iowa. Eighteen years later 
we find him at Ottawa, Kans., carrying on farm work 
extensively and preaching practically every Sunday — 
sometimes three times. 

He was the father of five children, the present pastor 
of Mt. Morris College, Frank E. McCune, being one of 
his sons. His wife died in 1906, and five years later he 
was married to Sister Meda Fyock, who, with other 
kindred, mourns her great loss. A few years ago Brother 
and Sister McCune motored to Sebring, where they pur- 
chased a well-located cottage, and planned to spend their 
winters in the South. Last winter their health did not 
permit them to undertake the trip, and so they remained 
at Ottawa. But last November, to the delight of their 
many friends here, they drove into Sebring with the 
intention of remaining a year or more. While Bro. Mc- 
Cune's health had improved, still his heart was weak and 
we decided to use him in the pulpit sparingly. The morn- 
ing of Dec. 17 he preached an excellent sermon and then 
ventured on a second one in the evening, at another point. 
On the following three days he seemed in a very promis- 
ing condition, cheerful and going about the streets as 
usual. Thursday morning he ate his breakfast, fed his 
chickens, and while preparing to shave, the last call came, 
and inside of a few minutes it was all over. The news 
spread rapidly and in less than two hours fully fifty per- 
sons, mostly members, were at the home, doing what they 
could to comfort the weeping wife, and rendering the 
assistance necessary. 

On Friday morning, at the rising of the sun, nearly 
seventy-five people gathered at the McCune cottage, 
where a brief service was held, and on an early train 
Sister McCune left with the body. She reached Lanark, 
III., Sunday evening, and on Christmas Day funeral serv- 
ices were conducted in the Cherry Grove church by Bro. 
P. F. Eckerle, assisted by Bro. M. W. Emmert. The body 
was laid to rest by the side of his first wife in the nearby 
cemetery, and here, until the resurrection morning, he 
will repose amid the scenes of his early activities as a 
minister and the dispenser of Christian cheerfulness. 

During their stay in Sebring, Brother and Sister 
McCune made many friends. While with us they seemed 
to be living for the good they could do fdr others. They 
were never too busy to lend a helping hand. And as 
for Bro. McCune himself, his death was a great loss to 
the community. Everybody liked him, for he was always 
friendly and obliging, and running over with sunshine and 
cheerfulness. Yes, we shall miss Frank, as we had all 
learned to speak of him. With his devoted wife and 
others we mourn because he is no more with us. 

Sebring, Fla. 


' Write what thou 

nd it unto the churches " 


As a nation we have put a great amount of time, thought 
and money into our Christmas festivities. The merchants 
scarcely get the Christmas shopping for one year disposed 
of, until they begin to plan for the next year. 

Much money is spent which docs not reflect the spirit 
of the Christ-Child, and yet, if we are filled with his 
spirit, we may be able to do a great amount of good at 
this time, as all seem anxious to help save one less fortu- 
nate. Even those who do not profess to be Christ's fol- 
lowers, seem to catch the spirit of love, and have a desire 
to be helpful. Here is a great opportunity to help so as 
to glorify God's name. 

Christmas time has always been a very happy time to 
us, as our first little daughter was given to us then, and 
for thirty-six years this blessing from above made more 
joyous our Christmas season. Three years ago, however, 
God took our beloved one to himself, and now sadness 
grips our hearts when Christmas comes, though we try 
to enjoy the occasion with the other children and grand- 
children and make the time just as happy as possible for 
the motherless little ones, that are with us. 

Our Sunday-school had a giving Christmas this year. 
The children each brought something in the food line for 
the Children's Home at Ankeny. Then an offering also 
was taken for the Home and something over $63 was thus 

Some of us were brought nearer to the Bethlehem 
scene this year, I think, than we ever were before, by a 
cantata, rendered by our young people of the Sunday- 
school. While viewing the scenes presented, we were made 
to wonder what would have been our condition had the 
Lord delayed his coming to the present time. Do we ap- 
preciate our Christian privileges? We were shown how 
diligently the Jews taught their children to look for the 
coming Messiah. Do we teach our little ones just as 
earnestly to prepare for his coming? He says: "I will 
come again and receive you unto myself, that where I 
am there ye may be also." The blessed scene of .the. 
"Bethlehem Stable" was charming indeed. 

Many in the large audience, that evening, were brought 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20. 1923 


nearer to their Savior. I am sure that those scenes were 
stamped on the minds of the little children there, so they 
will never be forgotten. Amanda H. Mathis. 
Elkhart, Iowa. , ^ , 


Dec. 17 was Missionary Day in the Washington City 
church, at which time we were fortunate in having with us 
Bro. E. M. Wampler, missionary on furlough from China. 
Bro. Wampler gave two splendid addresses to a very ap- 
preciative audience. 

At the close of our prayer meeting, Dec. 21, a sister from 
Che Progressive Brethren church was received by the right 
hand of fellowship. 

Our Sunday-school gave its Christmas program on Sun- 
day morning, Dec. 24. The splendid exercises reflected 
much credit upon our faithful teachers, and convinced us 
that the children, whom we are training in our Sunday- 
school, will be well qualified to meet the future obligations 
of the church. In the evening of the same day a chorus, 
consisting of twenty-five members, rendered the Cantata 
"Immanuel," under the direction of our efficient musical, 
director, Bro. S. L. Brumbaugh, It was conceded to be the 
best selection that our chorus has ever rendered. 

On Sunday, Dec. 31, we were favored with the presence 
of Brother and Sister Baxter Mow, of Nokcsville, Va., 
proposed missionaries for the foreign field. 

As we reflect upon the work, accomplished by the 
Washington City church during the year 1922, we rejoice 
in the fact that this congregation is steadily advancing 
in numbers and spirituality. Cooperation, on the part of 
the membership, has been excellent. 

A donation of approximately $70 was given to our pas- 
tor and his wife as a Christmas present. 

Mrs. J. H. Hollinger. 


During the month of December our Sunday-school 
received the Christmas message by way of. a Christmas 
service of song. Dec. 24 the children brought us the 
Christmas message. An offering of $200 was taken for 
the Italian church in Brooklyn. Since that time a gift was 
added to this sum, making the total $300. It was the 
desire of the General Mission Board that five churches 
should give $200, but we were happy, in an unselfish way, 
to go over the top in this great work. The children also 
had the real Christmas spirit, in that they gave up their 
usual treat. The money was used to support an orphan 
in the Near East. In the evening, under the very excellent 
direction of Sister Dixon, the choir of sevehteen voices 
rendered the sacred cantata, "The Wondrous Light," to a 
very appreciative audience. 

Early on Christmas morning fifteen carolers brought 
cheer and joy to many homes in the village. A short 
service was also held in the church, and seventeen baskets 
were packed and distributed to the poor, sick a,nd shut-ins. 

Dec. 31 the election of Sunday-school officers was held. 
Bro. J. B. ReifF was reelected superintendent. He has 
served in this capacity for thirty-five years. A consecra- 
tion service followed the election. 

This day also marked the seventh anniversary of Broth- 
er and Sister Dixon. Short addresses were given by dif- 
ferent laymen. A purse was presented Brother and Sister 
Dixon from their respective classes. In the evening the 
Ladies' Aid Society gave them a surprise in the way of 
a pound party. The pastorate of Brother and Sister 
Dixon has been characterized by great spiritual growth 
and blessing. ' M. Edith Pennypacker. 

Ping Ting Chow church has had a great season of re- 
freshing of late. For several months we had been work- 
ing definitely for this conservation of results. Nov. 19 
we began the special classes that had been arranged for 
this group of inquirers. Most of them were men who had 
been hearing the Gospel for several years. We had been 
teaching them with a view of bringing them into full 
fellowship, as soon as we could get them to know enough 
of the fundamental teachings of Christ to justify the 
church in her action. 

An unusual interest was shown from the very start. 
Even though the weather, in those opening days, was 
quite cold, yet, at the first session, a goodly number were 
present. Almost every day, right up to the last, there 
were additions to the class. About a half dozen came 
who, for various reasons, were not admitted to fellow- 
ship by baptism at this time. 

The men were taught four hours per day in class-room, 
and in the evening we had a genera! lecture in the church 
for all who would come. The principal themes were in- 
tended to help those who, had come for the special work. 
Several were present at some of the class work who had 
been received last year. This was encouraging too. We 
taught them daily "The Truths of the Bible" in question 
and answer form. We studied Mark's Gospel, Matthew's 
Gospel, and one period on selected topics from the Bible, 
such as "The Holy Spirit," "Prayer," "Baptism," "The 
Meaning of Jesus' Death," "Results of Sin," "Confession," 
and other topics, Some time was given to teaching the 
men how to pray. Several men came from a distance of 

forty miles. One came thirty-eighT miles. Others were 
at places nearer than that, but the interest was good 
and the fellowship was fine. 

In addition to these forty-rive men, we had thirteen 
schoolboys, eight schoolgirls and eight women. One 
woman came in on a donkey, for thirty miles, for the 
meeting and baptism. Two walked a distance of ten miles 
one way, and even then only one of them was permitted 
to be baptized at this time. When you see a woman, 
nearly sixty years of age, walking a distance of even ten 
miles on stubs, that would remind one of a person with 
both feet cut off, and a knot of cloth tied on the end of the 
stubs, your heart is depressed in pity. The feet-washing 
rite is very hard to observe in such cases. Here are feet 
that have been bound for forty years and the bones of 
the instep are either broken or twisted entirely out of 
shape. To put new life into those feet is painful to such 
a degree that few old women will undertake it at all. Our 
hope is to keep this generation from binding the little 

We planned the work of baptism with all, so that the 
real work of immersion could go forward as rapidly as 
possible. All of the preliminary questions were asked he- 
fore the applicant entered the water. The actual time in 
the water was thus shortened. About one and one-half 
hours was the time required for the baptisms— seventy- 
four in all. 

In the evening of the same day we arranged for a love 
feast that was well attended. All say it was the best yet 
held. About 250 members communed. The spirit of it all 
and the attention was splendid. Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer of- 
ficiated, and emphasized the spiritual meaning of it to 
each one. ' <!*T*S 

Our total membership is about 400 now, since these 
seventy-four additions. One wonders why not more of 
them came for the special meetings and the love feast. 
Our greatest problem with our membership .is to get 
them to see that they are to continue their growth in 
the church. Some, from long distances, did not come in 
for the special meetings and that kept the number down. 

We are glad to report that the applicants came from" 
several different villages this year. Seven or eight vil- 
lages sent men for the first time. Several others were 
represented by men who had sent but one or two, on 
previous occasions. Even though the work does not grow 
as rapidly as we had hoped it would, after the work was 
ten years old, yet these seasons of ingathering are re- 
freshing, and were it not for them, our spirits would 
surely lag. 

During the year, our membership has lost four by death. 
Here we are periodically reminded that God is calling us 
one by one to our long home. Pray for the work at 
Ping Ting Chow I F. H. Crumpacker. 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China. 

The Forward Movement Department 

CHAS. D. BONSACK. Director 


C. H. SHAMBERGER, Auiituit 

Can We Give? 

" Hard times ? " asked the New England farmer. 
"Why, we never have anything else but hard times." 

Hard times. We have heard the words all our 
lives but until comparatively recent times we always 
associated them with previous dates, when the country 
was hard-put-to economically. For three years we 
have thought our own times hard. 

Probably we would not notice economic pressure 
so much if we would not have come so recently from 
a time of easy money. In the process of the war we 
became a creditor to most of Europe. In return for 
our goods they gave us gold or security. The demand 
was upon us. We must produce. Prices soared. 
High wages were paid. Big returns were received. 

In the midst of it all came innumerable calls for 
help. Most every one gave. In comparison to previ- 
ous giving they gave much more than ever before. 
Many calls were spectacular. All were definite. But 
while we gave much, it was not difficult to replenish 
our purse. Wages were high for the worker and 
there was more than a market for him who had to 

But what a change has been on for two or three 
years! Unemployment struck broad stretches of the 
country. Markets h»T« been clogged. Cost of living 
has been too slow in coming down to suit many people. 
Said a man in Tennessee, the other day : " The farm- 
ers aren't raising much corn or wheat now." " But 
how do they make a living? " he was asked. To which 
he replied: "Well, it is hard going, but if you don't 
make anything per bushel on grain, you can't make 
it pay out by raising a lot of it." 

Many farmers are facing the same proposition and 
no matter how much of a bumper crop there was, if 
there wasn't profit on a bushel, there wouldn't be any 
on bushels, no matter how many there were. 

And taxes. We can well say : " They aren't what 
they used to be." For they have doubled and more, 
in most instances. And so on. We could go produc- 
ing argument upon argument, all of which would 
appear to be more than convincing. 

But do we really have hard times? 

In comparison with the rest of the world we do 
not have. The automobile industry is one instance. 
There are 10,000,000 automobiles in the United States. 
The rest of the world has 2,000,000. Fewer than a 
tenth of the people of the world have five times as 
many automobiles as the other nine-tenths. Manu- 
facturers of automobiles, meeting recently, estimated 
that the output for the coming year would surpass 
3,000,000. Granting that eighty per cent of these will 

be bought on time, there is still an immense amount of 
money available for automobiles. This is not an argu- 
ment against the automobile industry, but is simply 
used as an illustration. The buying ability represents 
our economic condition. In other countries people 
can not buy them. 

It is generally admitted that in recent years no class 
of people has been so hard hit as farmers. The Church 
of the Brethren is still predominantly rural. Is if 
possible for the church to maintain its general work? 
Have we done the right thing by curtailing our work? 
The united budget for the fiscal year was put at $324,- 
000. During the first nine months $133,633.43 had 
been paid in for all general work. Let us think for 
another week whether or not we really can give dur- 
ing such times as these. 

Source of Happiness 

" Half the world is on the wrong scent in the 
pursuit of happiness. They think it consists in having 
and getting and being served by others. ... If 
consists in giving, and in serving others. He that 
would be happy, let him remember that there is but 
one way— it is more blessed, it is more happy, to give 
than to receive." — Henry Dmmmond. 

Forward Movement Notes 

Tithing account-books are in demand, at this 
time of year. It may be the result of New Year reso- 
lutions. It has been our rule only to send these out 
to those who have enrolled as tithers. 

Along with requests for account books, comes 
letter after letter, asking for stewardship literature. 
If these letters are an index, there is a greater amount 
of teaching along this line going on now than ever 

Bro. C. C. Kindy, pastor of the Huntington City 
church, Ind., has sent us a copy of his program 
for the first three months of the year. The sermon 
themes cover some subjects rather intensively but 
there is a good variety for the period, which assures 
the proper balance. Different organizations are given 
special services. There is a definiteness about the 
program which means that, by the close of the year, 
the Sunday services will have had -unity and contrib- 
uted to a well-rounded-out program. 

The stewar»ship lecture is in constant demand. 
Although there are two sets of slides, it is sometimes 
impossible to supply the calls coming in from all over 
the church. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond 

Number Two 

In the year 1851, Eld. Henry Kurtz began to publish 
the Gospel Visitor, the first publication attempted by 
a brother since the Revolutionary War of 1776. In 
his magazine he advocated higher education in our 
church. He saw that when sons of members of our 
church attended colleges of other denominations, they 
almost invariably united with those denominations, 
and we lost some of our best talent. 

Before the year 1860, our church had no high school 
or college, though many of our prominent elders 
taught in common schools. When Bro. Kurtz advo- 
cated higher education, he met with a good deal of 
opposition. In 1857 our Annual Conference granted 
the privilege to our members to conduct high schools 
on their own responsibility. April 1, 1861, I took 
charge of Kishacoquillas Seminary in Pennsylvania. 
It had been a Presbyterian institution. I had gradu- 
ated the year before from the State Normal School, 
and was prepared to conduct a Summer Normal In- 
stitute. Many young members of our church wanted 
to prepare themselves to teach, and I was assured )f 
a fair patronage. I began the school with thirty-six 
students, and closed the year with seventy-two en- 

April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was fired on by the 
Confederates, and the Civil War was on with all its 
horrors. I conducted a boarding hall, in connection 
with the seminary. When the war came on, provisions 
went up with a bound, and at the end of the year I 
found myself over $5,000 in debt. My brothers 
thought the war would not last long, and furnished 
more money, and we went right on. The patronage 
was good, but it was a severe task to conduct a school 
with borrowed money, and all the time go deeper into 
debt. One of my assistants obtained a commission to 
raise a company and go to war. Some of my students 
enlisted. For a while I taught ten hours a day until 
I could get another assistant. Besides the common 
branches, Latin, Greek and the. higher mathematics 
were demanded. The school remained in successful 
operation until Juniata College, at Huntingdon, Pa., 
was established in 1876. 

Six months after I had started my seminary, Bro. 
James Quinter started New Vienna Academy, in Ohio. 
He was surrounded by the " Old Order " element, and 
met with much opposition. Owing to this opposition 
and the difficulties in conducting a school during the 
war, Bro. Quinter closed his school at the end of the 
third year. 

Fruita, Colo. — •_■ 

Two Views of Life 

Part III. — Jonah, the Pessimist 

In the biographical records of the Scriptures we 
find the accounts of a few men who seemed to be 
preeminently pessimistic. Jonah was one of these 
men. When God called him to go to Nineveh and to 
warn the city in regard to the destruction that had 
been pronounced upon it, Jonah decided that it was 
no use to risk his life in such an undertaking. At 
any rate, God was merciful and would be gracious 
to the people. So he ran off. 

But God knew best and miraculously changed 
Jonah's plans. The man became more submissive and 
obedient. He became willing to preach the message 
that God had delivered into his hands. And the mes- 
sage had wonderful effect. The people repented and 
humiliated themselves, and called upon God for mercy. 
God in his great, forgiving and tender way, showed 
mercy, acquitted the people, and stayed the judgment. 

Then and there we find Jonah, the great preacher, 
giving vent to his pessimistic mood. He became angry 
with God, with the people, and with himself. He 
complained against God, wanted to see the people 

destroyed, and wanted to die himself. When God 
rebuked him for this fit of pessimism and anger, he 
sulked out of the city, and sat down to wait for the 
forty days to expire, to see if God would not, after 
all, wreak vengeance upon the people, against whom 
he had preached damnation. 

Then, when God caused a gourd to grow up and 
protect him from the hot sun, Jonah cheered up. But 
when little reverses again came, and when the gourd 
withered, Jonah was soon in the depth of despair once 
more. Again he wanted to die. Life did not seem 
worth living. He could see no good in other people. 
He found fault with God. He made his own life 
miserable. Death would wind it all up. 

Oh! what the man missed in life! What a life of 
usefulness he seemed to waste in despondency ! What 
a great blessing he could have been and how wonder- 
fully God could have used him, had he looked upon 
the bright side, and rejoiced when there was reason 
for rejoicing. 

Jonah made a great mistake. He lived on the dark 
side. The record of his life and experience is one 
reason more why we should not make the same mis- 
take. We should profit by his mistakes and failures. 
Yes, we say, " Poor Jonah ! " But look close home. 
Do we ever get in the same boat, or under the same 
gourd ? When God does not seem to be doing some 
special favor for us, or to be asking us to do just as 
we would like, do we ever get sour and pessimistic? 
Chicago, III. —»-. 

For Me to Live Is Christ 


Sometimes there are portions of Scripture that 
cling to us and help us. This is true of songs and 
other things we hear, provided we hear helpful things. 
I have awakened with a hymn ringing in my soul : 
" He walks with me and he talks with me, 
And he tells me I am his own." 

I can not help humming it all day long. Did I 
dream it? What fastened it upon me? Was it God 
himself, working through my subconscious life, while 
I slept? 

The other day I read again : " For me to live is 
Christ." It stuck to me and I kept saying it over and 
over. I was about to say something to a brother, when 
this phrase came into my heart and saved me from 
saying it. How came it to be so? Why was it thus 
sent? Was it a mere coincidence? 

" For me to live is Christ." The oftener I think 
of it, the more I am able to translate it into the lan- 
guage of today. Many people can not fill out this 
sentence like Paul Mid it. Were some to write out 
honestly the purpose and motive of their lives, they 
would have to write it thus : " For me to live is to 
make money," or " to have pleasure," or " to get 
fame," or " to gratify my appetites." 

Every Christian should be able to make Paul's 
words his own: "To me to live is Christ." This 
means that the one thought and purpose of living 
is to honor Christ and to glorify him, to obey him, to 
advance his Kingdom and to spread his name. When 
our lives are thus devoted to Christ, one will not 
question any use of his life that the Master may wish 
to make. If he wants us to work, that is well. If he 
lays us aside .to suffer, that is all right. If he sets 
aside our plans, we should not complain. Whether 
he leads us into -sorrow or joy, it matters not. We 
are not our own. Our life is his, and whatever pleases 
him, is right. 

Elgin, III. , . 

Order, Not Happen So 


Nothing, that happens in this world, happens by 
chance. God is a God Of order. Everything is 
arranged on definite principles, and never at random. 
The world, also the spiritual life, is governed by defi- 
nite law. 

We know that character conforms to law. We sow 
a thought and we reap an act; we sow an act and we 
reap a habit; we sow a habit and we reap a character; 
we sow a character and we reap a destiny. Even 

happiness is governed by law. Men forgetting this, 
expect rest, joy, peace and faith to drop into their 
souls from the air like snow and rain. 

But, in point of fact, they do not do so; and if they 
did, they would no less have their origin in previous 
activities and be controlled by natural laws. Rain 
and snow do drop from the air, but not without a 
long, prearranged order of things. They are the 
mature effects of former causes. Equally so are rest, 
joy and peace. We do well always to respect God, 
and to look for the governing law ; yet, if not seen, rest 
assured that there is a cause and that cause is God, 
eternal in the heavens. 

Grants Pass, Oregon. 



A precious little hand wrapt 'round my finger, 
A little footstep stepping with my own, 
A little smile uplifted just to cheer me, 
A little voice of most melodious tone. 
What are these worth? These? 
Worlds upon worlds couldn't buy them. 
Earth hold no treasures half so rare or sweet : 
Heart of my heart, tides of the time will try them, 
But I shall know them as they now my coming greet. 
Goshen, Ind. , m . , 

That New Mustard Suit 

(Selected by Lula R. Tinkle, Portland. Ind.) 

" Oh, mother, mother ! I have it ! " 

" Your suit?" 

" Oh, yes ! " exulted our eighteen-year-old daughter 
Mary. " I brought two over, but one is the dearest, 
darlingest thing I ever saw."- 

Mary bent over the big box and plucked at the 
string with trembling fingers. 

" I can hardly wait to show it to you. I saw it at 
Brant's. It had just come in. And, oh, mother, I 
look so well in it! " 

I did not doubt it, as I looked at her lovely, flushed 
face. Mary would look well in anything. 

" There it is ! " exulted Mary, as she shook out its 
silken folds. " It is the new mustard shade, and oh, 
mother, look at these cunning little pockets ! Doesn't 
this dash of red, blue and gold emhroidery on the 
collar, belt and pockets make it look just too smart 
for anything?" 

" Why," I hesitated, " it — it is an attractive suit." 

" Attractive? That is a mild word for it. It is 
simply fetching! Just wait till you see me in it. I 
am going to dress and show you. No, stay there, 

Mary, her vivid face aglow with pleasurable excite- 
ment, disappeared in the bedroom from whence came 
soft little " ahs " and " ohs " of satisfaction, mingled 
with the gurgling laughter of irrepressible youth. 
What an immeasurable gulf 'twixt youth and age! 
B u t I — I was trying to span it with my love. 

" Behold the conquering hero comes ! " cried Mary 
gayly, emerging from the bedroom in triumph. 

I gave a little gasp. Never had Mary looked so 
beautiful. The yellow silk was vastly becoming to 
her complexion and type of beauty. The dash of red 
in the emhroidery emphasized the vivid, healthy color 
of her cheeks and the darkness of her hair and eyes. 
It was a beautiful suit and yet, strangely, I could not 
feel any enthusiasm concerning it. In some vague 
way it disturbed and irritated. 

"You don't like it!" exclaimed Mary with con- 
viction. " Oh, mother McCree, how can you ! I was 
sure you would like it. Oh goodie ! Here comes 

The front door slammed and I heard Richie's step 
in the hall. 

"Who's taking my name in vain? Jerusalem crick- 
ets ! " he concluded suddenly and stood staring in the 
doorway. His eyes were glued to Mary's suit. " What 
a — a — peach ! " 

Mary flushed a triumphant glance in my direction. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


"There mother, Richie likes it! You do like it, 
don't you?" she coaxed. 

Richie sank into a chair, his fascinated eyes on 
Mary. "Jerusalem!" he muttered under his breath. 
" Walk out there, Mary, and let me take a look at 

I waited quietly. Richie's judgment had never failed 
me yet. Mary obeyed. With a sinking heart I ob- 
served that thts dress had converted our modest little 
school-girl into a dazzling manikin. 

" You do like it, don't you, Richie? " pleaded Mary. 
" It's a beauty, isn't it? " 

My mother-heart cried out that Cleopatra with all 
her charms could not have been more lovely than 
Mary at that moment, but yet — 

" Yes," Richie was saying, his fascinated eyes on 
the garment. " I say it's a pippin but " — a dull red 
mounted to his forehead — " I don't want my little 
sister in it." 
' " Why ? " flamed Mary. 

"Because," said Richie bravely, " its beauty is posi- 
tively devilish." 

Ah ! a light broke upon me. This was the reason 
of all my vague doubts and misgivings. The dress, 
with all its seductive charm, was a striking appeal 
to sex. 

Mary looked at Richie with wide, innocent eyes. 
"Devilish? What could make it devilish?" 

" Little Sis," said Richie, firmly but gently, " as 
yet you haven't nibbled much from the tree of knowl- 
edge. We, who know life, must advise you. We hope 
to shield you from much of life's sordid side. Don't 
you want to appeal to what is best in man's nature? " 

" Why, I guess so," admitted Mary coolly. " That 
is, whenever I think of a man at all, but I can't see 
what that's got to do with me and my new suit. 
I buy it because I like it; men don't have to like it 
or look at it either." 

Richie smiled his whimsical smile. " They'd like 
it, never fear, and all too well. Dear little snowdrop, 
can't you see what I am trying to get across to you ? 
The dress makes you too conspicuous ; it compels 
attention; it is too loud." 

" Oh," wailed Mary, " mother always wants me to 
dress like a nun, but you — oh, Richie — I am surprised 
at you 1 The vivid colors are all the style this year 
— everybody wears them. Mustard is not loud." 

" It isn't the color, Mary," I began slowly. " I 
have seen many mustard suits in cloth that I have liked 
very much. I don't believe in young girls wearing 
dull colors all the time, but for a silk street suit — 
that yellow, shimmering silk seems to cry out, ' Look 
at me.' And that dash of red against the yellow, 
while it is very becoming to you, will attract attention 
wherever you go." 

" Everything beautiful attracts," argued Mary rebel- 
liously. "Did God make the world drab color? No, 
indeed. Look at the beautiful flowers — they attract! 
Is there any harm in looking at them and thinking 
they are beautiful?" 

Before her innocence and colossal ignorance of life 
I was dumb. Not so Richie. His jaw shut with a 
determined snap, that had hurtled him across many 
a football field. 

" Look here, little sis," he demanded crisply, " do 
you remember Vera Rangly ? " 

Mary looked up with startled eyes. " Yes." 

" Well, there are many girls like her, who sell their 
body and soul for a bauble — their birthright for a 
mess of pottage. Then they trig themselves out in 
suits like this to hold sway over the worst in man's 
nature. This is positively devilish in its figure-reveal- 
ing lines. I — I'd burn it up before I'd let men stare 
at you in it. I don't want you to be mistaken for 
a Vera Rangly. The kind of a man you would attract 
with a suit of that kind would be a type you have 
never known — and I hope to God you never may." 

Larry, a newly-fledged freshman, burst noisily into 
the room. " Oh, mother, I want to jjo with Ted Sim- 
mons to see — Hooray! where'd you get that thing?" 
Larry stopped wide-eyed and stared at Mary. " Oh, 
I say, sis," he chuckled with small brother frankness, 
" if that rig don't take the cake ! Say, now be sure 

and get you some black and white striped stockings, 
and just bring that skirt up a couple of inches to 
show 'em and — " 

Mary covered her flaming cheeks with her hands. 
" Oh," she choked, " all of you are horrid ! " and fled 
from the room. 

After supper, when Mary and I were alone, she 
tried on the other suit, a trim little navy blue serge, 
with a wide sailor collar of white. It was a neat, 
serviceable suit. Mary's face glowed out from it like 
a flower. She admitted that she had liked the suit 
very much until the Cleopatra affair was shown her, 
and acquiesced quietly when I advised to keep the 
blue suit. However, my heart was heavy, for I saw 
she took no pleasure in it. 

" Well," said Mary at the dinner table, next day, 
with the air of one about to throw a bomb, " Grace 
bought the mustard suit. If you can imagine anyone 
more modest, or with less desire to attract attention 
than Grace, just name her." 

Richie whistled softly and looked troubled. Our 
sweet tempered Mary wore the triumphant air of a 
much abused but vindicated infant. I was troubled. 
Such actions from Mary were unusual. 

But luck or chance— or is it God himself who helps 
the mother in her need? — decreed a different ending 
for the tale of the yellow suit. It happened the night 
of the senior literary. Will Benton and Alex Kempt, 
belonging to the football team, were out of town. The 
boys always brought Mary and Grace home on Friday 
nights. However, I had no fear of the girls coming 
back alone. The senior literary was over at nine 
o'clock, and the school building was only four blocks 
from our home, and through the business section of 
the town. 

It was with some alarm that I heard, just as the 
clock struck nine, a wild scurrying of feet on the 
walk ouside, and Grace and Mary burst into the 
room. Grace sank weakly into a chair. Her face 
was as white as paper. 

" Oh, Mrs. McCree," she gasped, " I was never so 
scared in my life." She had on the yellow suit that 
Mary had coveted. It seemed strangely out of place 
on Grace — Grace with her quiet face and dove-grey 

"Scared nothing!" snapped Mary, and threw up 
her head like a thoroughbred, " I wish I had slapped 
them, the nervy things! I wish I had — had — " and 
her voice trailed off into an inarticulate splutter of 

"Oh, Mrs. McCree, I thought I would die of 
fright ! " gasped Grace. " Two men followed us, they 
came out of the Harlington Hotel and tried to attract 
our attention. When we noticed them we walked very 
fast, but they overtook us at Crosby Street and stepped 
up and asked to take us home. Strangers, Mrs, Mc- 
Cree ! People we had never seen ! They kept winking 
their eyes in the most insolent way." Grace's dove-like 
eyes were round with amazement, 

"What did you do?" I heard myself inquire. 

"I — I did nothing! My teeth were chattering, so 
I could hardly say a word. Mary was magnificent! 
' No, indeed, you can not,' she said. ' You are entire 
strangers to us. You are presumptuous, to say the 
least ! * " 

I could hear Mary say it. 

" And then," continued Grace, " they laughed and 
stepped back but walked behind us, talking to us. It 
seemed as if we could not get rid of them. And 
then Mary did a thing I would never have had the 
courage to do. She stopped perfectly still, faced 
about and looked them squarely in the eye and said : 
' Look here, we told you we did not want your com- 
pany. You sha'n't follow us. We were walking along 
behaving ourselves, and you have to do the same. 
You get in front of us and go on about your own 
affairs.' " 

"What did they say?" 

" Not a word," giggled Grace, but the giggle sounded 
suspiciously close to tears. " They did meekly what 
Mary told them. They turned and went down O'Fal- 
len Street and that one with the wicked, winking eyes 
drawled out, in an insolent way, ' Don't follow us.' " 

"Oh, girls, girls!" I cried in dismay. At this the 
flood-gates burst. 

" Oh, it's all my fault," sobbed Grace. " We didn't 
do a thing to make them follow us, ifs this — a — awful 
suit! Mama said I would attract attention, but T 
thought it was so pretty and coaxed so hard. And 
oh, how I have been stared at and gawked at and 
ogled at, until I never want to see the awful thing 
again ! " Grace's head went down on the library table 
and her shoulders shook with sobs. 

After we had succeeded in quieting Grace, Richie 
came, and we had him take her home. The door had 
barely closed upon them before Mary turned and 
looked me unflinchingly in the eye. 

" Mother," she confessed bravely, " I was vexed 
with you because you wouldn't let me buy that mus- 
tard suit. Grace can afford to buy another suit if 
she doesn't like it, but if I had bought it— oh, mother, 
I am glad you were strong enough to keep me from 
acting foolishly. I am so thankful I took the blue 
one ! " 

What natural triumph I felt over the situation — 
and mothers are only human, you know — I was very 
careful not to show. I did not even allow an " I told 
you so " gleam to lighten my eye. That much, at least, 
I have learned in trying to bridge the gulf 'twixt youth 
and age. 

" I am glad you feel that way about it, Mary," I 
answered, and quietly held out my arms. My little girl 
jumped into them and thus ended what Richie had 
whimsically called " the yellow peril." 



"That which maketh a man to be desired is his kind- 
ness" (Prov. 19: 22). 

We can be kind in so many ways — doing kind deeds 
and speaking kind, encouraging words, which cost us 
nothing. There is no one who can not be touched by 
kindness. Of course, some people are more deeply 
appreciative than others. Try the game of being kind 
or, in other words, of pleasing each other, and it will 
bring results. 

Some parents think it is not showing their authority 
over their children, to be kind and pleasant, and to 
do little acts of kindness for the children, but there 
is no greater mistake than that. The language of 
kindness is always understood, even by dumb animals. 
The savage, too, has been won by kindness. We 
always feel better by being kind. I have never heard 
any one say that he was sorry because he had been 

It has been truly said that " kindness is the power 
which wins the affections; it is the force that cements 
friendship, and it is the balm that cures all wounds 
of the heart." 

It is kindness which bears with the weaknesses and 
deficiencies we may have. It is kindness, also, to tell 
others the kind things said about them, or to tell them 
of something good they have done. We should leave 
home with kind words, and greet those who return 
home with kind and cheerful words. If we want to 
be remembered pleasantly, we must be kind. Think 
of others and forget self, in love preferring one an- 

I recently heard a Sunday-school teacher say that 
ever since she had been teaching her junior class of 
boys, they had been so good and well behaved, that 
they had not given her any. trouble. We asked if 
she told them how she appreciated it. She said, " No, 
but I am going to tell them." They deserve to be told, 
and she will do a kindness to tell them. 
You have all often heard the old proverb: 

" Politeness is to do and say. 
The kindest thing in the kindest way." 

If we would be like Jesus, we must be kind, for he 
is kind to the unthankful and to the evil (Luke 6: 35). 

Sometimes acts of kindness are not appreciated as 
they should be. Let us not forget those who have 
been kind to us. It will help us to remember them 
and the kind deeds they have done. 

Midland, Va. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 

Calendar for Sunday, January 21 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Prodigal Son.-Luke 15: 

Christian Worker.' Meeting, Textual Studies.— Psa. 119: 
33-40. * * * 4- 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Seattle church, Wash. 

Two baptisms in the Richland church, Pa. 

Eight baptisms in the Omaha church, Nebr. 

One baptism in the Bethel Center church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Garden City church, Kans. 

Four baptisms in the Wbitestone church^Wash. 

One baptism in the First Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Three baptisms in the South Red Cloud church, Nebr. 

Nine baptisms in the Elkhart church, Ind.,— Bro. I. R. 
Beery, of Chicago, 111., evangelist. 

Sixteen baptisms in the Brookville church, Ohio,— Bro. 
John Robinson, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, evangelist. 

Fourteen confessions to date in the Dayton church, 
Ohio— Bro. H. C. Early, of Flora, Ind., evangelist. 

Twenty-one confessed Christ at the Yellow River 
church, Ind.,— Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, evan- 

Three confessions in the East Hanover house, Big 
Swatara church, Pa.,— Bro. A. G. Fahnestock, of Brunner- 
ville, Pa., evangelist. 

Fourteen were baptized and one was reclaimed in the 
Red River house. Painter Creek church, Ohio,— Bro. R. N. 
Lcathcrman, of Cincinnati, evangelist. 

Our Evangelists 

Will yo 

which these laborers, carry? Will you 
iccess of these meetings? 

arc the hurdc 
pray for the 

Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Richland, Pa., to begin Jan. 28 
in the Akron church. Pa. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, to begin Feb. 11 in 
the Ft. McKinley church, Ohio. 

Bro. J. H. Gray bill, of Nampa, Idaho, to begin Jan. 28 
in the Winchester church, Idaho. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife, of Lincoln, Nebr., to 
begin Jan. 21 in the Topeka church, Kans. 

Bro. W. E. TrostU, of Pasadena, Calif., to begin Jan. 21 

in the East Wenatchee house, Wcnatchec Valley church, 

Wash.; he will be assisted by the pastor. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Personal Mention 

Bro. W. J. Swigart is now enjoying the balmy climate 

of the Southland. His address is E. 225 Sixth Avenue N., 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Bro. O. P. Haines, 613 Dingledine Avenue, Lima, Ohio, 
is available for two more revival meetings in February 
and March, if application is made to him at once. 

The editor spends little time away from his desk, but 
this week he is assisting in the Mount Morris Bible- 
Institute— a kind of work which recalls his activities of 
earlier years and which he still greatly enjoys. 

Bro. 1. D. Leatherman, pastor at Grundy Center, Iowa, 
in company with Bro. R. W. Button, of the same place, 
gave the Publishing House a short visit last week. From 
here they were headed for Mount Morris, to take in at 
least a part of the Bible Institute program. 

The Sunday School Secretary is just now in the midsi 
of a crowded schedule. The annual Bible Institutes at 
the various colleges furnish an exceptional opportunity 
for his kind of work, and these come close together. 
Mount Morris, Manchester, McPherson and La Verne are 
all claiming his attention. 

The Christian Workers' Secretary, after putting in two 
or three days at the Mount Morris Bible Institute, is 
giving instruction in the Institute at Daleville College. 
While in the East, he will visit various points in Virginia, 
Maryland and Pennsylvania, in the interest of the 1923 
Summer Conferences for Young People. 

Bro. Lauren T. Miller, Secretary of the Brethren 
Publishing House, was called to Clay City, Ind., Dec. 30. 
by the serious illness of his father, Bro. Isaac E. Miller. 
Jan. 9 the stricken one was called from labor to reward 
— his earthly pilgrimage having continued for seventy- 
four years. The bereaved ones have the sincere sympathy 
of their many friends. 

Last Sunday, the 14th, was the day set for the dedica- 
tion of the new Sunday School Building, erected by the 
Roanoke congregation, Va. — the only building of the kind 
in the Brotherhood, that we know of, which has five 
stories, counting the basement and the attic, which is 
also used for class-room purposes. Bro. W. B. Stover 
was scheduled to deliver the dedication sermon. 

Bro. W. B. Stover is having some interesting expe- 
riences in the Southeast country and so are the good 
people he visits. His Diary Leaves are much appreciated 
by a wide circle of readers. This week he is giving 
addresses at the Daleville Bible Institute. 

The Foreign Missions Conference and the Home Mis- 
sions Council are two annual events of much importance 
in the missionary calendar, and of special interest to all 
Mission Board officers. The former was held last week 
at Bethlehem, Pa., and was on the itinerary of Secretaries 
Bonsack and Minnich. The Home Secretary was booked 
to take in the latter in New York City this week. 

* 4> ♦ * 
Special Notices 

All business and reports, intended for the program for 
the District Meeting of Western Pennsylvania, to be 
held in the Scalp Level church, April 2-4, should be in 
the hands of the clerk, D. P. Hoover, 734 Linden Avenue, 
Johnstown, Pa., by Feb. 15. 

To the Treasurers of the Various State Districts. — 
The per member assessment for Annual Meeting expenses 
for 1923 will be four cents. Remittances should be made 
to the undersigned as soon as convenient. — E. J. Stauffer, 
Annual Meeting Treasurer, Mulberry Grove, 111. 

To the Elders and Pastors and Churches of Western 
Pennsylvania.— By the time you read this you will be in 
possession of a questionnaire. Please see to it that this 
is filled out and promptly returned to the undersigned.— 
C. Walter Warstler, 1120 Greenfield Avenue., Pittsburgh, 

Note of Thanks.— The matron and those having charge 
of the Child Rescue Home of Eglon, W. Va., hereby wish 
to extend their sincere thanks to the Sisters' Aid Societies 
of Ohio for their generous gift of blankets and comforters, 
which were much needed. The Home is not yet two 
years old, but we have in its care twenty-three children. 
We plan to build a larger house as soon as sufficient 
funds are assured. — Anna Fike, Matron ; L. H. Fike, 
Secretary. Oakland, Md. 

Notice to the Elders, Pastors and Treasurers of the 
Churches of Western Pennsylvania.— The Annual Meeting 
Treasurer informs me that the assessment for 1923 is 
four cents per member. The time for payment is at hand. 
Treasurers can facilitate matters very greatly by remit- 
ting before the first of March, thereby insuring credit 
in the booklet of business for the District Meeting. Every 
-year a number of churches send their money too late. 
Please be prompt.— Jerome E. Blough, District Treasurer, 
1309 Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pa! 

* ♦ * * 
Miscellaneous Mention 

Does your church want to dispose of about two dozen 
"Kingdom Songs No. 2," since you have ordered "Hymns 
of Praise" ? Write Effie Colony, New Rockford, N. Dak. 
Aid Societies, as well as church correspondents, have 
been so generous with unusually large supplies of mate- 
rial for our columns, that our room, this week, can not 
accommodate all the matter. We trust that our patrons 
will exercise a little patience until we can find room in 
a succeedine issue. 

Bro. Geo. W. Hilton, who has been pastor of the 
Hcrmosa Beach church, Calif., for the past two and 
one-half years, was compelled to resign from that work 
Sept. 1, on account of a nervous breakdown. After several 
months' medical treatment, he has sufficiently recovered 
to resume pastoral work wherever his services may be 
needed. Any church interested may address him at 
Hermosa Beach. Calif. 

Sister Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa., says: 
"I can not endure the thought of that job resting any 
longer. It is a great opportunity. We must not tarry." 
Are you surprised at the note of urgency in her words? 
She is referring to the Italian church project in Brooklyn. 
Don't you feel that way about it too? Some Sunday- 
schools did splendidly. Did yours? Not yet? "We must 
not tarry" is strictly right. 

Bro. O. P. Haines desires to make a correction in his 
aWress, as given in the "Full Report" of the 1922 Winona 
Conference, under "Church Hospital," page 111. He 
desires to withdraw and cancel the statements beginning 
on line eight from bottom of that page, with the words, 
"In Lima," and ending with the word "habit," on line 
eleven of the following page. The statements— Bro. 
Haines says — were made without any malicious intent 
towards the Lima City Hospital, or the nurses mentioned 

A devoted brother, belonging to an Iowa church, started 
the new year by presenting his pastor with a check for 
$100, by way of appreciation. Not being an everyday 
occurrence, the correspondent mentioned it as a matter 
deserving special comment, and well he might. While 
many of our members may not be able to give as gener- 
ously as the brother referred to above, all of us could 
give more eloquent expression to the appreciation we 
profess to have, concerning our pastor's ardent efforts. 
It is a matter well worthy of serious thought. 

One of our churches attributes much of its success, in 
a recent revival effort, to the efficient cooperation of a 
transportation committee, which, by means of automobiles, 
took special pains to bring people to the services, when 
they could not have come otherwise. An effort of that 
sort is sure to be attended by the best of results. A 
church that shows interest enough in the community, to 
use every possible means of bringing people within reach 
of sanctuary privileges, proves its unselfish desire for 
human betterment, and is recognized accordingly. 

We noticed, in recent church reports, that there are 
still a few of the churches that, for some reason, find it 
expedient to close their Sunday-schools during the winter. 
It is gratifying, of course, that there are ONLY A FEW, 
nowadays, instead of the larger number of hibernating 
schools of former years, but even the few are too many. 
It has always been a puzzle to us why Sunday-schools 
should decide to suspend operations during the winter 
months, when no one would think of discontinuing ses- 
sions of the public school during that period. If the 
Sunday-school really means to us what it should, we 
would never think of such a thing as suspending its 
sessions. We would rather think of enlarging its sphere 
of usefulness and making it a more vital factor of reli- 
gious education. ,{, .j, .*. ^ 

A Bystander's Notes 

Prosperity a Hard Test.— For some years it has been 
noted that the ancient church buildings of England show 
far more dilapidation on their south wall than on the 
north. Strange as it may appear, at first sight, the heat 
of the sun, in its intensity, has been more destructive 
than the angry tempests from the North. Similarly, the 
bright sunshine of prosperity has often proved more 
ruinous to human character than the fiercest tempests of 
adversity. Our reverses may often be the antechamber 
to immortal life and glory. 

" Six Days Shalt Thou Labor."— Most people, in thinking 
of the fourth commandment, regard it chiefly as a pro- 
hibition against doing work on the Sabbath Day— or the 
Lord's Day of the present dispensation. All too many 
seemingly overlook the fact that the command is also a 
most emphatic-prohibition of laziness. "Six days shalt 
thou labor," has all too often been overshadowed, in 
human thought, by " Remember the Sabbath day." We 
should not forget, however, that if a day of rest and 
worship is necessary for the proper development of hu- 
manity, days of toil are also just as essential. Industry 
is a leading factor of individual and national prosperity. 
Crime is rampant today because men are ignoring the 
command: "Six days shalt thou labor." They want to 
get money by the " get-rich-quick" method. Swindlers 
flourish, these days, because humanity hopes to get some- 
thing without toiling for it. All too many of us look 
on our work as a misfortune, losing sight of the important 
fact that man's real misfortune is to get money without 
working for it. 

Carving a Character.— Those of us who have watched 
a sculptor at his task of slowly and painstakingly fashion- 
ing a statue, have doubtlessly been impressed by the fact 
that the work of art is not produced in a few brief mo- 
ments. It is not wrought by just a few blows. Carefully , 
and laboriously the block of marble must be worked upon. 
A thousand blows are needed in the preparatory process. 
Then the finer touches are given, bringing out the most 
subtile touches of the features and expression. It is a 
work of long hours, but at last the full likeness comes 
out, and remains fixed and unchanged in the solid marble. 
In just that way does each one of us gradually carve out 
his own moral likeness. Every day we add a touch here 
or there. A thousand acts of thought and will and effort 
shape the features and expressions of the soul. Habits 
of love, piety, and truth, as well as habits of falsehood, 
passion, and selfishness, silently mold and fashion it. 
Whether our real self will be in the likeness of God, or 
the very opposite, will depend upon the soul carving that 
we have done. 

Changes in Palestine.— Latest press reports indicate 
many changes in the Holy Land, with still others in 
prospect. The plan of having short railway lines link up 
different isolated towns, is having its effect in augmenting 
commerce and also travel. The wretched roads, that were 
the bane of tourists traveling in the Holy Land, in former 
years, have in many cases been replaced by the best of 
highways, so that communication between different points 
can readily be effected by automobiles. Automobile trucks 
also carry on a profitable business by reaching sections 
in need of shipping facilities. New factories are rapidly 
going up, giving employment to many. Preparatory work 
has begun on the great electrification scheme in charge 
of Pinchus Rufenberg. By means of this extensive and 
elaborate engineering project, all Palestine will be sup- 
plied with power by utilization of the River Jordan. The 
chief center of Palestine's new industries appears to be 
Tel-Aviv, the first Jewish municipality in that country. 
This garden city, north of Jaffa, is flourishing— much after 
the fashion of a western city. To the conservative dweller 
of Palestine its magic growth Js a constant wonder. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 




Important Discoveries 

A remarkable set of fossils which has just arrived at 
the American Museum of Natural History from the third 
Asiatic expedition, definitely proves, according to Presi- 
dent Henry Fairfield Osborn, that a broad land connection 
once existed between North America and Asia, and that 
gigantic dinosaurs and mammals of various types wan- 
dered to and fro between the two continents. Some of 
the fossils, which have just arrived from Mongolia, have 
been identified as belonging to the same class of animals 
as existed in Utah and Montana, thousands of years ago. 
Other known mammalia of the western United States 
have also been identified in Mongolia. Further dis- 
coveries, along the line above indicated, are anxiously 
awaited, and will, no doubt, add much to the knowledge 
of earth's earliest conditions. 

Thousands of Refugees Die 

Despite the unparalleled generosity of American donors 
to Near East relief funds, it has been impossible to pre- 
vent a heavy sacrifice of human lives among the unfortu- 
nate ones who, exposed to untold privations, were driven 
from their homes. Statistics, compiled by American 
relief workers, announce that at least 30,000 deaths have 
occurred among the refugees that were brought to Greece 
from Asia Minor. The "principal causes of the heavy 
mortality rate are lack of- food and the cold weather— 
the severest winter in years. The greatest mortality has 
raged among new-born babes. Relief workers have toiled 
heroically. One prominent relief official, George Wil- 
liams, of Pennsylvania, paid the penalty of incessant and 
taxing endeavors, when pneumonia ended his life of devo- 
tion. One of his last achievements was the conveying of 
several thousands of orphans from Beirut to Constan- 

Honor to Whom It Is Due 

That astute diplomat and close observer, Georges Clem- 
enceau, learned many things about America during his 
recent visit, and after mature reflection he expressed him- 
self on several things, after his return to France. Sagely 
he says: "The American people owe much to the supe- 
riority of their women. In no other country are feminine 
excellencies so prominent as in the United States. No- 
where else have women been so useful, so essential in 
moral and intellectual progress, or played a role so exten- 
sive in the upbuilding of the nation. I like and admire 
these remarkable women," says the aged Frenchman, "not 
only for their intelligence and prodigious activity, but 
also for the noble ideas they have so courageously fol- 
lowed." Since Clemenceau, in his earlier days, was mar- 
ried to an American lady, he speaks, undoubtedly, from 
personal knowledge also, which fact should lend greater 
value to his eloquent testimony. 

Further Migrations for Near East 
One million human lives are vitally affected by the deci- 
sion arrived at by the Near Eastern Conference at Lau- 
sanne, Switzerland, Jan. 10. One million Moslems and 
Christians, who live either in Greecte or Turkey, must give 
up their farms, homes and business places, and move 
elsewhere to find farms, homes and occupations. In the 
interest of future peace between Turkey and Greece, the 
Mohammedans in the Hellenic peninsula must henceforth 
reside in Turkey, while the Greek Christians in Turkey 
must immigrate to Greece. The statesmen, who are re- 
sponsible for the autocratic ruling, admit that hardships 
are thus imposed upon the respective groups affected 
thereby, but justify their action, by pointing out the benef- 
icent influence it will ultimately have on the maintenance 
of peace in the Near East. Under the direction of a 
special commission, the compulsory exchange will be car- 
ried out as humanely and justly as possible, adjusting 
property rights fairly to all concerned. 

A Scriptural Expert 

In case you were asked to stand for fifteen hours, 
repeating passages from the Bible verbatim during that 
entire period, could you do it? That difficult feat and 
more has been achieved by Rev. Henry H. Halley, S03S 
Grand Boulevard, Chicago, a Disciple minister, who has 
committed to memory the entire New Testament and the 
major portions of every Old Testament Book. Questioned 
why he undertook such an unusual task, he said: "In the 
first place, I loved the Bible and enjoyed reading and 
studying it. About twelve years ago I began memorizing 
certain chapters and stories, not intending to go through 
the entire Bible, but the more I memorized, the easier it 
became. I do not have an unusual memory. I simply 
learned because I loved the doing of it, and because I 
worked hard and long at my task." We understand that 
Mr. Halley's extemporaneous Scripture recitations are 
attended by striking results. There is power in the Word 
when it has been made a part of ourselves. 

Anti-Religion Moves in Russia 

That the Communist leaders are openly and defiantly 
opposed to anything that savors of religion, has been 
demonstrated again and again. This attitude, therefore, 
is chiefly responsible for the anti-religious demonstra- 
tions, now sweeping over the country. In scores of cities, 
effigies of Jehovah, Jesus Christ, Moses, and others, 
referred to in the Sacred Record, were publicly burned, 
while boy and girl members of the "League of Commu- 
nist Youth " engaged in licentious dances and in the 
singing of vile songs. This campaign of atheism is one 
of the most deplorable indications of Russia's moral 
degeneration. It is a sowing that can not help but result 

How Science Has Conquered the Sahara Desert 

By at least two methods have the old-time perils of 
the Sahara Desert been wholly eliminated— thanks to the 
achievements of science. The first is by means of the 
caterpillar tractor. This enables the travelers to cross the 
deep sands of the desert in but a fraction of the time, 
formerly required by the camels. The second is by the 
utilization of air-planes. This means of travel has now 
been made perfectly safe by the employment of a buried 
cable through which an electric current flows. By this 
ingenious- device a powerful influence is brought to bear 
upon a delicate apparatus on the airship, enabling the pilot 
to tell his exact position at a glance. Science is a powerful 
ally of man in conquering the seemingly impossible, and 
adding materially to human welfare. Its perversion to 
destructive purposes is to be sincerely regretted. 

The Fallacy of Liquor Revenue 

For many years the liquor men have strenuously con- 
tended that State and National governments could not 
exist without the sustaining power of liquor licenses. In 
this connection a recent statement by Governor Davis, of 
Ohio, is of decided interest. He claims that the State 
treasury has to its credit, at this time, a cash balance of 
$15,000,000— the greatest balance in the history of the 
State. This balance, at the present rate of interest, will 
soon reach $19,000,000. Ohio saloon receipts, in the days 
before prohibition, amounted to $110,000,000 annually, but 
of this large sum a beggarly $6,000,000, only, was returned 
to the State in the form of revenue— a highly profitable 
business for the saloonists, but wretchedly bad for the 
people. Similar showings might doubtlessly be duplicated 
in the other States of the Union. Sobriety and decency 
always pay, not only morally, but in dollars and cents. 

Scientists Warn Against Disease 

Scientists, winding up their important meeting at Cam- 
bridge, Mass., delivered this farewell message: "Look 
out for another epidemic of infantile paralysis sweeping 
the country." This is not a pleasant thing to think about, 
but it is well, nevertheless, to be forewarned. According 
to the scientists, rats and fleas develop and spread the 
disease, but, together with the dangerous mosquito, might 
be readily exterminated if the government, aided by its 
citizens, would make the necessary effort. And why 
should not the government lead out in that most laudable 
effort? John D. Rockefeller, by the thorough and sys- 
tematic researches of his Medical Institute, is making 
good headway in the elimination of the yellow fever 
germ, and already has earned, ten times over, every dollar 
the country has ever given him. Why should not our gov- 
ernment, with an equal display of energy, eliminate the 
germ carriers of infantile paralysis? 

Heredity — a Bane Or a Blessing 

Of late, renewed attention is being given to heredity 
and its far-reaching results, as proved by records that 
can not be doubted. From one lazy vagabond, named 
"Jukes," born in rural New York in 1720, whose sons 
married five degenerate sisters, six generations, number- 
ing about 1,200 persons, may be traced. Idleness, immor- 
ality, idiocy, insanity and criminality were characteristics 
of these degenerates. They inflicted a cost of over $1,250,- 
000 upon the State. A later investigation, in 1915, showed 
2,820 descendants of the same family — half of them still 
alive. The same proportion of fceble-mindedness, in- 
dolence, immorality and crime still prevailed. Up to tbjtt 
time the cost to the State had risen to over $2,500,000. In 
contrast to the above, it is truly refreshing to note the 
famous family of Jonathan Edwards. He was a normal 
man of the best Puritan strain. In 1900 his descendants 
numbered 1,394, of whom 1,295 were college graduates. 
13 college presidents, 65 college professors, 60 physicians, 
100 and more clergymen or theological professors, 60 
prominent writers, by whom 135 valuable books were 
published, and 18 important periodicals edited. Eighty of 
the Edwards descendants held public office, of whom one 
was a vice-president of the United States. Three were 
United States senators, several were governors, and a 
number were members of Congress. Many commercial 
and industrial enterprises profited by the faithful services 
of representatives of the noted family. So far as records 
seem to indicate, no member of that family was ever 

convicted of crime. While heredity, in all its details, is 
not yet fully understood, perhaps, the history of the two 
families, above referred to, is most suggestive. Paul must 
have been impressed with the great value of a godly he- 
redity when, in addressing his spiritual son Timothy, he 
refers to the "unfeigned faith . . . which dwelt first 
in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and 1 
am persuaded that in thee also." With more mothers and 
grandmothers of that sort today, what might be the 
blessed status of the coming generaionsl 

Further European Complications 

At the time of this writing strong Greek forces have 
been mustered into service and are preparing to get into 
action in Western Thrace. As the Turks are likewise 
preparing for a new clash of arms, it is altogether likely 
that possible hostilities in the Near East may bring on 
further horrors and bloodshed. Just beyond the extreme 
northwestern border of Germany lies the Memel district, 
which had been internationalized, and placed by the allies' 
under control of the League of Nations. Recently eight 
thousand Lithuanians, deeming the present season of 
unrest a favorable time to take possession of this terri- 
tory, contiguous to their own land, quietly crossed the 
border and are now endeavoring to annex the Memel 
district. They are facing the determined opposition of 
two hundred French soldiers and one hundred of the 
Memel police officials. The probable outcome can not 
be predicted at this time. 

France Makes Armed Invasion 

In order to enforce payment of the reparation claims, 
towards which Germany lias made only a partial pay- 
ment, French troops have taken forcible possession of 
the rich manufacturing and mining district, known as 
the Ruhr Valley— sometimes spoken of as the "treasure- 
house" of Germany. At the last session of the Repara- 
tions Commission. Great Britain voiced its strong disap- 
proval of the armed invasion, as then proposed by France, 
but, supported in the plan by Belgium and, somewhat 
reluctantly, by Ttaly, Premier Poincare decided to proceed 
with the radical move. Mr. Roland Boyden, the American 
observer, while not a member of the commission, frankly 
said: "I think Germany's default was due more to the 
Versailles treaty than actual unwillingness. The treaty 
has placed an intolerable burden on Germany, with re- 
gards to the payment of cash and materials. Under the 
London schedule of payments, which was made an integral 
part of the treaty, Germany's bill stands at 132 billion 
gohl marks— thirty-three billion dollars. In my opinion 
the only sensible thing to do is to revise the treaty 
entirely." The early return of all American troops in 
Germany has been ordered by the President, to avoid 
possible complications. Quite sinister is the proclamation, 
issued by the Russian government Jan. 14, regarding 
French occupation of the Ruhr Valley. It warns the 
world that a war cloud is hanging over Europe, owing to 
"imperialistic France's attempt to go even beyond the 
shameful Versailles treat?," which has thrown Europe "into 
chaotic conditions, and has caused untold suffering. 

Africa Largely Unknown 

In a recent issue we briefly referred to investigations 
in Africa, under the auspices of the Phelps-Stokes fund. 
As originally planned, there was to be "a survey of edu- 
cational conditions and opportunities among Negroes in 
Africa, with the special view of finding the type or types 
of education best fitted to meet the needs of the Natives." 
A competent commission was appointed, with Dr. Thomas 
Jesse Jones, well known for his work on "Negro Educa- 
tion," in charge. Through special arrangements with the 
various governments concerned, the commission traveled 
some 25,000 miles in African territories — a task of no small 
moment. The continent of Africa contains almost four 
times the area of the United States of America, while the 
physical and racial conditions discovered show greater 
variations than could be found in all North America. The 
report of the survey, just published, clearly shows that "the 
Africa of past years has been grossly misrepresented, that 
the Africa of today is but little understood, and that the 
Africa of the future is utterly beyond all possible predic- 
tion." Assuredly, the world dare not remain ignorant of 
conditions revealed by the survey. A genuine educational 
program, growing out of the most enlightened conscience 
of the world, must go along with every other approach 
to the continent. Not only does Africa need education, 
as the report shows, but the rest of the world is urgently 
in need of education about Africa, as this report implies, 
and for which it provides the way. Africa is a continent 
of immeasurable resources, most of which are still un- , 
known to the world, except to government officials, repre- 
sentatives of commercial concerns, scientific observers, 
and missionaries. Truthfully it has been said: "Africa 
Is the undeveloped treasure-house of the world." Con- 
trary to commonly-prevalent conceptions of the native 
races, the commission found many evidences of great 
technical skill among them. There are goldsmiths, copper 
and iron workers, weavers of cotton and wool, and skilled 
workers in pottery, leather and ivory. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


Battestlons for tb» Weekly Devotional Mcetlnr Or for 
Prayerful. Private Meditation. 

the times, to God's praise and glory, now and ever 
more. Amen. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Essentials in Kingdom Extension 

1 Cor. 13: 4-7; 12: 12, 13; Eph. 4: 1-4 

For Week Beginning January 28. 1923 

1. Our Individual Responsibility— Every sincere Chris- 
tian has a deep concern (or the triumph of the Kingdom, 
and makes it the burden of his prayers. He is anxious 
to have God promote the progress of Gospel Truth in the 
world. These desires and these prayers are logical and 
well advised, Wc have no business to be indifferent con- 
cerning the status of Christianity in the world. However, 
we are wholly unreasonable when wc expect God to do 
what he so clearly has left in our hands. In a very real 
sense it is our chief business to proclaim the Gospel Mes- 
sage to those who do not know the truth as it is in 
Christ Jesus. 

2. We Muit Be About the Father's Business.— One thing 
that is needed for the effectual promotion of Christianity 
is a realization of our individual obligations. It is well, 
of course, to concern ourselves about the stand that the 
church takes, and the attitude she presents toward world 
salvation, but we must not forget, for a moment, that wc 
are duty-bound and love-impelled to make our contribu- 
tion to the success of Christianity. The unconcern with 
which so many professed Christians arc ready to shift 
responsibility to others, is inexcusable. If we are really 
in earnest, there will be a yearning, an anxiety, to find 
our allotted place, and to labor diligently. 

3. The Need of Undaunted Courage.— Quite prominent, 
during the first evangelistic campaigns after Pentecost, 
is the remarkable boldness of those who became pro- 
claimed of the truth. These men. with absolutely no 
backing, so far as the world was concerned, met the 
mighty opposing forces, presented the message confided 
to them, and utterly refused to back down. The holy 
boldness of Peter and John was so remarkable that it 
made an impression upon the multitude that could not 
be effaced. From that day to this, Christianity has had 
its opposers. While the struggle between the forces of 
light and those of darkness has often been long and hard, 
the cause of right has always triumphed, so that we can 
rightfully say today that Christ is the one great Con- 

4. Worker* in Response to Our Prayers.— While many 
plans and devices have been resorted to, from time to 
time, in furtherance of Kingdom extension, there is, after 
all, but the one means of increasing the number of work- 
ers. This is given by Christ himself in Luke 10: 2, "The 
harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few: pray ye 
therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send 
fortli laborers into his harvest." Christ's prayers for 
the progress and triumph of the Kingdom, may well be 
an inspiration to his followers of today, leading them 
forward to redoubled efforts and greater consecration. 
The early church was distinctly an assembly of praying 
believers. Paul and other leaders of the apostolic church 
knew the value of prayer in winning souls for the King- 
dom and establishing them in the teachings of Christ. 
We may rest assured that as long as devoted believers 
are ardently praying for the progress of the church, there 
will be plenty of earnest workers going forth to whiten- 
ing harvests. 

5. Loyalty and Consistency Must Mark Our Activities. 
—As workers for the Lord, we can not claim his promises 
if we are not loyal to his teachings. He has laid down 
conditions that must be lived up to. He has shown us 
the way, and we must walk therein. It would surely be 
presumptuous, on our part, to substitute our ways for his. 
No promotional measure will prove effective if, in our 
preaching and teaching, we fail to give to the world the 
example of real Christian living. 

6. Suggestive References. — Love, as a promoter of the 
Kingdom (John 13: 34, 35). Believers must have a com- 
mon purpose (John 17: 21). Abiding in Christ we may 
bring forth much fruit (John 15: 4-9). "Abounding in 
the work of the Lord" (1 Cor. 15: 58). A good admoni- 
tion (Gal. 6: 9). An apostolic counsel of value (1 Cor. 16: 
13). A courage that knows no fear (Philpp. 1: 27, 28). 
The spirit of power, of love and of a sound mind (2 Tim. 

Is Our Ministry Measuring Up to the Needs of 
the Day? 

(Continued froth Page 35) 

ciency is of God (2 Cor. 3: 5) who has made us (not 
some college only) able ministers. By the grace of 
God we are what we are, and only by his grace can 
we ever be used by the Holy Spirit. Under his leader- 
ship our ministry shall measure up to the needs of 


" Write what thot 

ud it unto the churches" 


Ashland City church has had a profitable year's work. 
The Sunday-school has increased its enrollment nearly 
twenty-five per cent, and the average attendance is in 
proportion. A Junior Christian Workers' Society has 
been doing excellent work under the supervision of a 
committee for the direction of the social activities of the 
young members. 

A survey of the membership has been made by a com- 
mittee created for the purpose, and has resulted in bring- 
ing quite a few dormant members into active service. 
This committee has been made permanent, to try to keep 
in touch with all members in our territory. 

Sept. 1 Bro. S. G. Greyer, of Indianapolis, Ind.. took up 
the pastorate. It seems good to have a leader again, after 
three years of aimless work, with a supplied pulpit. A 
reception for Bro. Greyer and family was arranged by the 
Ladies' Aid Society. Neighboring ministers and repre- 
sentatives from several of the Sunday-school classes gave 
short talks, making it a spiritual as well as a literary and 
social treat. 

When Brethren Flory and Brubaker were in North- 
eastern Ohio, holding Sunday-school and Missionary In- 
stitutes, we were favored by having them a day in our 
church. Delegations were present from neighboring 
churches, and we had a splendid Institute. 

At our council we elected all officers and committees 
for the coming year, retaining Bro. G. A. Snider as our 

Our pastor conducted a three weeks' evangelistic meet- 
ing, which closed Dec. 10 with the baptismal service, at 
which time twenty-three united with the church. Dec. 
17 one sister was reclaimed and seven members were re- 
ceived by letter. 

During the last few months two aged sisters have 
answered the Master's summons home: Catherine Shidler, 
who has been a very active Christian worker for many 
years in this community, and Sister A. N. Snyder. 

Our Sunday-school has pledged itself to raise an offer- 
ing of $50 for the Brooklyn Italian Mission. We yery 
much need more room here, so we can readily sympathize 
with those whose lot is not as favorable as our owji. 

^^ P. A. Bailey. 


Fairview church met in its last quarterly members' 
meeting Dec. 30, to review and report on the work of the 
past year, and also to effect a reorganization of both 
church and Sunday-school for the ensuing year. The 
church treasurer and the Sunday-school treasurer gave 
favorable reports for the past year. It was decided to 
increase our financial budget, to be raised on the same 
plan as before by the assessment plan — based upon the last 
appraised valuation of property. Several letters of general 
interest were read and disposed of. Bro. Clarence Idle 
was elected church clerk and also Sunday-school superin- 

Our Aid Society has been meeting once a week and is 
doing a good work, in both the local community and the 
District, with Sister Lina Wagoner as Superintendent. 

The spirit manifested by the members in this meeting, 
that marked the close of the past year and. the beginning 
of the new, was certainly excellent and Christ-like. All 
manifested an interest in church work, and admonitions 
and testimonies were given to render greater service, and 
with a fuller consecration of our lives to God, cooperating 
with each other in all our church activities. 

With this condition and spirit existing among our mem- 
bers and the ministry, all loving each other, pulling in the 
same direction, working together with each other and with 
God, we can expect the best of results. On Sunday even- 
ing, Dec. 31, the children rendered an excellent program, 
enjoyed by all. M rs . Lulu E. Root. 

away, and sends rolls of Sunday-school papers by mail to 
several families. Olive Yoder directs the Aid Society 
work. We have had all-day meetings since Oct. 1. Effie 
Sherfy is the new church correspondent. 

The pastoral committee has known since early in the fall 
that Eld. E. F. Sherfy had plans for other work next sum- 
mer and has been busy seeking a suitable man for his suc- 
cessor. It will be four years, May 1, since Bro. Sherfy 
became pastor. 

Our series of meetings was held the last of October by 
Bro. Herbert Richards, of McPherson. He was here two 
weeks, but several nights no services were held because of 
rainy weather. Seven were added to the church. A love 
feast was held during the meetings. 

Wc had a splendid Christmas program with about forty- 
five children taking part. Each class brought its gifts to 
the platform. We sent $50 to the Italian Mission in 
Brooklyn, and about $10 to an Orphans' Home. Other 
gifts included food, clothing and toys. Effie Sherfy. 

Conway, Kans. 


Our business council, to elect all officers for 1923, con- 
vened in December. Bro. J. J. Yoder is elder in charge. 
Bro. C. H. Dresher has been Sunday-school superintendent 
for eight years and asked to be relieved, but the church felt 
that he filled the place better than any one else in the 
community could. Mrs. Emma Stutzman has charge of the 
Primary Department. New song books have been pro- 
vided for her department, and new interest is evident 
among the little folks. Mrs. Mayfield is president of the 
junior band; J. M. Stutzman, president of the Christian 
Workers' Board. This board also is responsible for the 
lecture course each winter. Our Mothers and Daughters' 
Meeting is held each month, with Pearl Stutzman in charge. 
The pastor's wife is Home Department superintendent. She 
also does much visiting among those living some distance 


The Ladies' Aid Society of the Dixon church met for re- 
organization at the home of Sister C. A. Bryan. The fol- 
lowing new officers were elected: President, Mrs. W. C. 
Sell; Vice-President, Mrs. D. B. Martin; Superintendent, 
Mrs. C. A. Bryan; Assistant Superintendent, Mrs. W. W. 
Brown; Secretary, Mrs. T. Hults; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 

The Brotherhood constitution for Aid Societies was 
adopted, and various phases of- work were discussed. The 
first meeting of the new executive officers will take place 
at the home of Mrs. D. Martin, Jan. 4. At this meeting 
we hope to get a great vision for our Society and to make 
practical, workable plans for the future. We ask an inter- 
est in your prayers, that wc may be able to build up an 
Aid Society that will be of great value to the church, to 
the community and to the Brotherhood at large. 

Dec. 19 another soul was born into the Kingdom of God 
and was baptized by the pastor after the Bible study class 
session. Others are almost persuaded. 

Jan. 2 our church met in regular yearly business meet- 
ing. Officers were elected, with Bro. O. D. Buck, elder. 

The church decided to have evangelistic meetings, and 
directed the Ministerial Board to get hi touch with a live, 
wide-awake evangelist. The time for the meetings has been 
left with the Ministerial Board, to arrange with the evan- 

A Christmas social was held at the parsonage, at which 
105 were present. All present had a splendid, social time, 
and received gifts. A Christmas program was given at the 
church Dec. 24, both morning and evening. It was a 
great success and the attendance was good. 

During the first week in January all the churches of 
Dixon cooperated in a union prayer meeting. It was held 
in one of the churches each evening. It is good to start 
the new year with prayer. Mrs. W. C. Sell. 

215 Madison Street. 


Our church, urged by the financial board, decided to 
make a drive for tithers, and so we had Dr. C. C. Ellis, 
of Huntingdon, Pa., give us his wonderful message on 
"Tithing and Stewardship," Dec. 3. He impressed the 
audience with the importance of being faithful stewards, 
and emphasized the fact that at least a tenth of our 
income and earnings belongs to the Lord. He urged that 
unless we pay our debt, we are robbing the Lord — that, 
in order to bring an offering or gift, we can only do it 
after we have paid the tithe, which is our debt. Cards 
were distributed to the congregation, and a number of 
tithers were added to the faithful number we already 

Dec. II to 17, Elder and Sister W. R. Miller, of One- 
kama, Mich., were with us in a series of Bible Land and 
other stereopticon lectures. Interested audiences greeted 
them from night to night, and the last night, when Bro. 
Miller gave the thrilling story of their capture by the 
Arabs and their final deliverance, the house was filled. 
Bro. Miller has his subjects well in hand, and does not 
miss any opportunity to show how the discoveries of the 
archaeologist, among the ruins of ancient cities, prove the 
truthfulness of the Bible. One can not help being im- 
pressed with the skill and ingenuity of the builders, while 
viewing the ruins of the ancient buildings. 

Our Sunday-school children, led by a number of faith- 
ful sisters, and aided by the chorus, gave a much ap- 
preciated Christmas program, on the evening of Dec. 24, 
to a full house. In the morning the lower grades were 
treated to a box of candy. Our White Gift, this year, 
was given to the Brooklyn Italian Mission Building Fund, 
and amounted to $126.55. It was an impressive scene, as 
a representative from each class carried the gift to the 
platform, and laid it at the foot of the cross. 

Our Sunday-school, the past year, exceeded, both in 
enrollment and average attendance, the records of any 
former year. The school was reorganized by the elec- 
tion of a strong corps of officers and teachers. Bro. H. 
M. Critchfield is our superintendent. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


A Christian Workers* Society was organized by the 
election of officers. Geo. C. Berkley is president. We 
were fortunate in securing the services of Sister Ruth 
Schwartz as choral director. We will soon begin work 
on an Easter Cantata. 

The Ladies' Aid Society has completed a very success- 
ful year— nearly $550 having been earned by them. Just 
lately they held a bazaar and bake-salc, by which they 
cleared $81.65. Last summer they furnished a room at 
the Old Folks' Home, at a cost of about $90. Most of 
the remainder of their money was divided among Home 
and World-Wide Missions, our building fund and the 
Greene County, Va., Industrial School. 

On New Year's evening we convened in regular council 
for the election of officers, the hearing of the various 
reports, and such other business as needed to be trans- 
acted. After the Annual Directory and Year Book — now 
in preparation — comes from the press, a few statistics 
will appear. One paper goes to District Meeting. Dele- 
gates to District Meeting are Brother and Sister E. M. 
Detwiler, Bro. J. E. Blough and Bro. Calvin Beam. One 
letter was granted. Last Sunday evening the Sunday- 
school officers and teachers were installed. The prospects 
for a good year's work are favorable. 

Jan. 4. Jerome E. Blough. 


In August, 1921, I was called to Tennessee to assist in 
the adjustment of some matters in the Knob Creek congre- 
gation, and was induced, after some hesitancy, to take the 
pastoral care of the church for one year.* Being- my first 
experience in such work, I entered upon the task with 
some misgivings. The membership was very much dis- 
couraged, which was a hindrance to progress. The young 
people had very little interest in the services of the church. 

We began the first of the year with thirty-five in Sunday- 
school. A Home Department and Cradle Roll were started, 
and now we have seventy-five enrolled in the main school, 
fifty-five in the Home Department and twenty-six in the 
Cradle Roll. The attendance at the preaching services has 
increased 100 per cent. We have organized a young 
people's department with over thirty members. Fifteen 
were added to the church by baptism — nearly all young 
people. We have just closed a series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. Jackson, of North Carolina, with five 
baptisms; one was restored to fellowship. 

One minister and two deacons were called to office dur- 
ing the year. At the present time we have an official body 
of two elders, two ministers and six deacons, besides the 
pastor. I have accepted the pastorate for another year. 

The outlook is very promising and if we can unite all our 
forces and get every one busy in the cause of righteousness, 
our influence for good will be felt in the community. We 
have a group of fine young people and if they do not be- 
come discouraged in their endeavor, will develop into a 
strong working force for the future of Knob Creek. There 
are two other churchhouses in the congregation, maintain- 
ing a Sunday-school, and one of them a young people's 
meeting. The membership is very much scattered, which 
makes it hard to keep it active spirtitually. D. M. Glick. 

Johnson City, Tenn. 


The District Mission Board of Northern Illinois and 
Wisconsin met Jan. 8, at Rockford, and attended to many 
items of business. A review of the work and workers 
of the District was carefully made. Plans, looking to 
the future program of the District, were made. Steps 
were taken to provide an adequate program of mission- 
ary instruction at our next District Meeting, which will 
be held in Chicago, Aug. 31 to Sept. 3, 1923. 

The new house at Rockford, at 2711 West State Street, 
will be dedicated in a few weeks, after which Bro. S. 
Z. Smith, of Ohio, will conduct a revival. The members 
in Rockford have reason to take courage. For some years 
they have been crowded into a dwelling. The attractive 
new house is 33 by 51 feet, and occupies a commanding 
position, on a prominent corner in a new and growing 
residential section of the city. There will be eight rooms 
for Sunday-school classes, besides the main auditorium, 
and an elegant basement. The house will have a baptistry 
and all modern conveniences. Those looking for a good 
place to worship, where members are in accord and 
working for the Lord, and in a city that furnishes employ- 
ment to many, and in which there are splendid residences, 
should write the pastor, Earl Andrews, Rockford, 111. 

*-*— Ezra Flory. 


The Clovis church met in regular council on the even- 
ing of Jan. 2, when all church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' officers were elected. The church officers 
for one year are: S. E. Thompson, elder; Mrs. A. J. 
Rodes, clerk. Sunday-school officers for six months: 
Chester Brunk, superintendent of main school ; Marie 
Thompson Kinzie, superintendent of Intermediates; Sister 
Rodes, superintendent of Juniors. Marie Thompson Kin- 
zie, president of Christian Workers; Sister Rodes, presi- 
dent of Junior and Intermediate Christian Workers. The 

Sunday-school is moving along 'nicely, with a fine body 
of fifteen classes and teachers. While there is a good deal 
of sickness in the community— such as scarlet fever and 
diphtheria— the attendance at Sunday-school* and church 
has kept up remarkably well. 

The Clovis church is passing through a very trying time, 
since the railroad shopmen's strike. A number of our 
members are employed by the railroad. Some of them 
took part in the strike while others did not. This caused 
some feeling among them for a while. Notwithstanding 
this hindrance, the church has moved forward. We have 
baptized, at our regular services, since last August, seven 
persons, three of them heads of families, and five of them 
from families who knew nothing of our people before 
coming here. 

The two afternoon Bible classes— one on Wednesday, 
the other on Friday afternoon— are keeping up with good 
interest. These classes are held each week in the homes, 
and in addition to the Wednesday night prayer meeting 
at the church. 

The sisters have recently organized an Aid Society, 
with Sister Maud Kinzie, president. A very interesting 
program was given on Sunday evening before Christinas 
to a large and interested congregation. 

We have secured Eld. W. A. Kinzie, of Nickcrson, Kans., 
to hold our series of meetings in April. The church has 
also discussed the advisability of securing a music director, 
to help during the meetings. S. E. Thompson. 


It is customary for children that are away, cither to, 
come home, or to write letters to the home folks on 

It occurred to some of the workers of the Mt. Pleasant 
church, near Ladoga, Ind., that a few lines, received from 
each of the dear ones who once worshiped and labored 
with us, would help us on our heavenward way. Accord- 
ingy we wrote requests to quite a number of absent ones, 
to send us some messages, to be read in connection with 
our Thanksgiving services. We called it our homecoming 
by mail, and what a happy time we did have I 

Letters of love, cheer and Christian fellowship came 
pouring in. Such precious letters they were t We felt 
that they came from the hearts of the writers, and our 
hearts were touched and comforted. 

One who, while. a dear little brown-eyed boy, in days 
of yore, made his Sunday-school teacher laugh at his 
droll little anecdotes, now writes of the blessedness of 
having Jesus for a close, personal Friend. One more year 
of training, and Silas will be ready to carry the Gospel 
to Dark Africa. Another writes that many of his flock 
are living the victorious life. There were some requests for 
prayer, and some for certain songs of Zion to be sung 
at the meeting. There were glorious testimonies of joy 
in service, devotion to Christ, declarations of love for 
the old home church and prayers for the future success 
of the church at this place. There were exhortations for 
unity, for deeper spirituality. 

Our services were uplifting and helpful. We take this 
means of showing our appreciation, and to express our 
thankfulness to each dear one for his or her helpful mes- 

May our gracious Lord bless and keep us all, till we 
enjov that great homecoming when the saved and sanc- 
tifieo of earth will be caught up to meet our blessed 
Lord in glory! Lina N. Stoner. 

Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 1. 


The ministers of our congregation gave splendid dis- 
courses on Thanksgiving Day, pointing out the faithful- 
ness of our forefathers, who gave honor and thanks to 
the Heavenly Father, who guides and directs his people 
in the paths of righteousness. During this meeting an 
offering of $74 was lifted for foreign missions. 

Dec. 2 we held our quarterly council, at which time the 
various Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
John K. Earhart, superintendent. One certificate was 
granted during the year. An offering of $50 was lifted 
for the Brooklyn Mission. 

Our local Sunday-school Meeting was held Dec. 10. The 
program was well rendered throughout. Some splendid 
points were brought out by Eld. John B. Brubaker on 
" The Proper Observance of Sunday.'' " The Value of 
Music" was very ably discussed by Sister Lizzie Becker, 
who claimed that we must improve our music and have 
more truly spiritual singing. Another topic, "The Quali- 
fications of a Sunday-school Teacher," was discussed by 
Harry Wolgemuth, who emphasized that the teacher must 
be a worker and a faithful Christian — his highest aim 
being to bring souls to Christ. 

The " Lesson Preparation " was well brought out by 
Bro. H. E. Brehm, with an appeal to the teacher to realize 

that his is a very important position. "The Presentation 

of the Lesson " was discussed by Bro. Chas. Weaver. 

Through (he guiding power of the Holy Spirit he should 

endeavor to emphasize one central truth. 
" Developing the Spiritual Life of the Child in the 

Home," by Bro. Harry Fahnestock, urged the importance 

of correct home training. 

"The Spiritual Life of a Child" was nicely presented by 
Sister Mary Brubaker. The Sunday-school, church, and 
parents must work together more intimately, and with 
a greater and truer zeal, so that the children will be better 
fitted for life. 

"An Ideal Sunday-school" was touched upon by Bro. 
H. A. Merkey. He impressed the fact that, in order to 
have an ideal school, we must keep our eyes on Christ; 
we must be willing to use our talents; we must be better 
organized; we must be a soul-saving Sunday-school. 

The discussions were very good. In fact, the meeting 
was a success all through. It brought more life to the 
Sunday-school and especially to the teachers and of- 

At our last teachers' meeting we organized a Home 
Department with Bro. Howard Merkey, superintendent. 
We decided also to apply part of the Sunday-school 
money to foreign and home missions. We decided to 
have a teachers' meeting on the first Wednesday of each 

Our prayer meetings are well attended, especially by 
the young people. Jerome S. Long. 

Manhcim, Pa. | 

Sunday, December 17 

The jitney man called at eight A. M., and I was soon 
on the way from Spray to Schoolfield, a distance of 
eighteen miles. The rain and sleet made it a bit un- 
pleasant, but the roads were good. A pine tree had 
fallen across the road, but when the four passengers 
lent themselves to the task of helping the driver, the 
tree was soon shoved aside. 

Without any difficulty I found the church. The Sunday- 
school was half over, when I arrived. Bro. Woodie was 
present, as well as Brethren Prather and Swift. The at- 
tendance of the children, at all services, is something re- 
markable — a sure indication of permanency for the fu- 
ture church. Our folks here are nearly all workers in 
the Dan River Cotton Mills. The Company owns the 
houses and rents them to its employes at the rate of $1.50 
a week. The Company built and equipped, and presented 
to our people, their present house of worship. 

The folks marry early, work in the mills, and raise large 
families. One sister was married at the age of twelve, 
and has had nine children, one of whom is living and at- 
tends church and Sunday-school with her parents. I 
urged the folks to give the tenth of their income to the 
Lord, arguing that nine-tenths with the Lord, taken into 
accounts, will go farther than ten-tenths when he is not 
thus made a shareholder with them. I also urged them 
to send their children to school as long as possible. A 
great opportunity is before us here, and a summer pastor 
would fit in exceedingly well. 

Monday, December 18 

Bro. Woodie and I talked too long about missions and 
the church, and so I missed the train. Well, we then 
went to the cotton mills, and got permission to be shown 
all over. Twenty -eight hundred looms in full blast, in 
one room, speak Wonders. This is the largest cotton 
mill in the South. We circulated an announcement, and 
held another missionary meeting in the church tonight. 
Wednesday, December 20 

Bro. Woodie brought me to the Fraternity congregation 
and to his own good home, in North Carolina. The roads 
were icy, and the weather threatening. Last night's meet- 
ing was pretty fair, but tonight was small. So tonight 
we formed a circle around the stove, and after prayer 
just talked things over, as we would do at home, around 
a blazing fireside. Before we were aware of it, two hours 
had passed, and the night, that was ugly outside, was the 
best of all within.. But what are two hours for a mis- 
sionary meeting! 

I can not but compare Winston-Salem with Roanoke. 
If work like that at Roanoke, had been undertaken years 
ago, by the church, in Winston-Salem — a splendid little 
city of 55,000 now — we-would doubtless have a flourishing 
congregation there, if not a number of them, instead of 
only a few scattered members. I wrote to Dr. Brown, 
who is called the Baptist Bishop of Winston-Salem, and 
asked him about the Baptist church there. He informs 
me that there are 4,250 Baptists there now, and he began 
a little Mission Baptist Church some forty years ago. 
There are Primitive Baptists also, but not many. 

Friday, December 22 

Bro. Woodie brought me to the Maple Grove congrega- 
tion, and remained the first night. He returned home 
today, having been with me five days. He is a worker. 
Folks are beg : nning to name their babies after him. This 
is the country for sweet potatoes, cotton, and tobacco. 
They claim that from 150 to 300 bushels of sweet pota- 
toes are grown per acre. The Virginia State Department 
of Agriculture is responsible for the statement that "only 
in North Carolina is the relation of crop values to land 
values greater than in Virginia." They build large corn 
cr ibs — so to speak — in. the form of a quadrangle, with a 
protecting outer wall of saw-dust, and with a door in 
front. Then, in cold weather, they keep a stove going 
within, so that the temperature may remain from fifty to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 

seventy degrees. In these out-door cribs the sweet pota- 
toes are kept. 

I attended the public school and gave talks both yes- 
terday and today. The teachers in the school gave the 
children a Christmas treat— a plan 1 thought well of in 
my boyhood, and I like it still. The services in the church 
were not large, but a hopeful outlook prevails. 

In this State, for the first time, I saw a division rail in 
all railway stations— one side for the WHITE, and the 
other for the COLORED. They say it works, and both 
sides are satisfied. 

As I expect to leave North Carolina, and go north to 
Virginia tomorrow, the folks tell me, I will get into the 
land where snow falls. There was a heavy frost this 
morning, but it sure has been a very beautiful day. The 
church has an outlook here which is as hopeful as any- 
where, and there is no reason why in this State, and in 
South Carolina, too— in points that are not well supplied 
with churches— flourishing congregations of the Brethren 
should not be built up. But it means that some one 
must make it his business and be on the job. 

(Home Address, Mt. Morris, III.) Wilbur B. Stover. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Glcndolc church met in council Dec. 29, will) EM. D. D. Thomas 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the coming year. Bro. D. D. Thomas was reelected elder; Dro. H. 
Sine Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Pcnrl'O'Rourk, president 
ol the Christian Workers' Meeting.-Etta Wilson. Glendnlc, Ariz., 


Glendarn church held its final business meeting for 1522, Dec. 29. 
Nine letters of membership were granted. The election of church 
officers for the coming year resulted as follows: Elder in charge, 
Eld. G. H. Bashorc; clerk, Bro. E. R. Brubaker; correspondent, 
Sister Rctta Funk; "Messenger" agent, Sister Effic Norcross. Our 
pastor, during the past year, made 1,575 calls. He reports sixteen bap- 
tiaras; two weddings; four funerals; twenty anointing services; 
twenty-four sermons. The Sisters" Aid Society had a good report 
of work done. It was decided to begin our scries of meetings Jan. 
7. Bro. D. A. Crist, of Quinter, Runs., will labor with us in bringing 
the message of the Word. An excellent Christmas program was 
rendered by the children and young people on Christmas Eve. A 
full house was present to enjoy it, and to join in good cheer for 
Christ's Day. We were glad to have with us. Dec. 17, Bro. J. B. 
Eramert, of La Verne, who gave us good counsel and much food 
for thought and encouragement in the three services held. Dec. 10 
the Mission Band of La Verne College conducted a splendid service 
in furtherance of missions.— Mrs. Sylvia L. NeUley, Glendora, Calif., 
Jan. 3. 

Hemet.— Our pastor, Bro. IT. C. Lang, has tended the flock faith- 
fully for fifteen months. His method is evangelistic, well seasoned 
with prayer. His messages center around Christ's life, death, resur- 
rection and return, We rejoice that he and his good wife will be 
with us another year. We showed a bit of our appreciation, Christ- 
mas night, by going to their home and spending the evening in 
prayer and praise, after which we presented the pastor's family 
with a grit of silverware. Our Christmas program was given by 
the Sunday-school and an offering was lifted for the Italian church 
in Brooklyn. Our junior Christian Workers surprised their parents 
and friends by the splendid rendering of mission and Thanksgiving 
programs. Dec. 17 the Mission Band of La Verne College made a 
strong spiritual appeal for home and foreign missions. After a 
simple lunch, furnished by the Sisters' Aid, we met in an informal 
meeting. Dec. 31 a number of Christian friends joined us in a 
watch service. The lime was spent in Christian Workers' Meeting, 
a stcreopticon lecture on La Verne College, a Bible lesson by our 
elder. Bro. J. P. Dickey, and special music, closing with an old- 
fashioned testimony meeting and prayers. We have a- good corps 
of Sunday-school officers, with D. L. Yoder, superintendent. — Gertrude 
A. Voder, Hcmet. Calif., Jan. 6. 

McFarland— We met in council during the holiday season with 
Eld. Andrew Blickcnstaff presiding. He was reelected elder. All of 
the regular officers of the church were chosen. Bro. Luther Hylton 
is our new adult Christian Workers' president. In a very few minutes 
enough money was raised to meet our payment on the parsonage. A 
most helpful and interesting visit was paid us by Brethren S. F. 
Sanger and Ernest Davis, in the interest of La Verne College. Bro. 
Davis gave a vivid picture of our need of a church school, its 
place on the Coast, as well as the mighty work that can be ac- 
complished with our united effort. He also gave a brief survey of 
the activities of the school. The joint Sunday-school Convention 
of Fresno, Raisin. Laton, Reedlcy and Lindsay was held here Dec. 
31. The day was filled with good things.— Elice L. Ncher. McFarland, 
Calif., Jan. 1. 

Raisin City.— We observed the white Christmas. After an inter- 
esting program, an offering of $149.05 was lifted. The organized 
classes are very much alive. The young married ladies' class sent 
out several boxes of candy and cookies to shut-ins. The men's 
classes have a transportation committee and arc sending several 
cars out each Sunday to bring in those who have no way of coming 
to Sunday-school and church. Dec. 29 the deputation team of La 
Verne College gave an excellent program on the theme, " The Task 
of the Church of the Brethren in World Evangelization."— Mrs. Nellie 
W. Hylton, Raisin City, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Recdley.-Our revival, conducted by Eld. Geo. Bashor, of Glendora, 
Calif., closed with an all-day meeting and love feast Dec. 21. Each 
evening Bro. Bashor conducted a forty-minute period of Bible 
Study, which was intensely interesting, not only to our own people 
but to others as well. We were glad for Sister Bashor's presence 
throughout the meeting. Bro. Leland Brubaker, of La Verne, had 
charge of the song service. The deputation team from La Verne Col- 
lege gave a program here Dec. 30. A short Christmas program 
was civcn by the Sunday-school scholars, at the close of which it 
was decided to make a gift of $25 to the Italian Mission of Brooklyn. 
Our Aid Society held a Christmas sale Dec. 16. Eld. M. H. Miller 
and family, of Patterson, have returned to their ranch home here — 
Mrs. Mamie Sink, Reedley, Calif., Jan. 1. 

Rio Linda.— We arc glad to report our Christmas program. A 
pageant. "Bethlehem." was successfully given by the membership on 
Christmas Eve. Three hundred people were in attendance. Many 
were the impressions made, not only on the members but on out- 
siders. A goodly number of compliments were given the church. 
We wish to thank Bro. J. H. Moore, of Sebring. Fla.. for his article 
in the "Messenger" on teaching our church doctrines in the pulpit. 
May we have more sermons from the pulpit on the doctrines, for 
the benefit of oor young people! Our Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the year. Our young people, especially, take an active 
part in church work. We would like to sec more Brethren locate 
here.— Mrs. J. M. Fisher. Rio Linda. Calif., Dec. 31. 


Hixtun church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. S. G. Nickey 

prsildlns- Four Isttsrs war* «ram«d and one wet received, A full 

corps of officers was elected ,for church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers. Bro. S. G. Nickey was elected elder; Wm. Hinze, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Tien, primary superintendent. 
The management of the Christian Workers' Meeting for the coming 
year was placed in the hands of a committee of six Sunday-school 
teachers. Sister Mary Bamford was chosen president of the Junior 
Christian Workers. Reports of various committees showed the 
church to be in splendid working order. About twenty of our 
young people are taking accredited Bible Course in Sunday-school, 
ns outlined by the Col.orado Educational Board and Colorado Sunday 
School Association. The students are given high school credit for 
their work. Dec. 31 a spiritual watch meeting was held, when a 
varicl program was given.— Mrs. Mary M. Bamford, Haxtun, Colo., 
Jan. 3. 

Winchester church met in council Dec. 28. Officers were elected 
for the year: Elder, S. F. Niswander; clerk, Amos Reed; "Mes- 
senger " agent, the writer. A Ministerial Board was also chosen. 
We expect Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa, Idaho, to commence a 
series of meetings for us Jan. 28.— Amanda E. Flory, Winchester, 
Idaho, Jan. 3. 


Allison Prairie (III.) church met in council Dec. 30. In the absence 
of Eld. N. H. Miller, the writer presided. Officers were elected for 
\92i: Elder, N. H. Miller; "Messenger" agent and correspondent, 
I. M. Miller; Sunday-school superintendent, Adam JelHson; Chris- 
tian Workers' president, Flossie Goff. A ministerial committee was 
also chosen. The Sunday-school children rendered a Christmas 
program to a well-filled house. Eld. S. W. Garber, of Plattsburg, 
Mo., gave us a Christmas sermon Dec. 30. which was much ap- 
preciated. This was Bro. Garber's former home for many years.— 
I. M. Miller, Vinceuncs, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Bethel church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. W. E. Buntain in 
charge. A Christian Workers' president was elected. Revival meet- 
ings closed with a love feast the following Sunday evening- Bro. 
Slahaugh officiated, assisted by Bro. Becker. Four letters were 
granted. A few days before Thanksgiving the church met at the 
home of Bro. Buntain and surprised him and his wife. A social 
time was enjoyed and all were benefited by the association. Various 
gifts were left in token of appreciation. A very interesting program 
was given by the Sunday-school Dec. 24, after which the children 
were given a treat of candy. An offering of $28.12 was taken for the 
Italian church at Brooklyn. Jan. 7 Bro. Noah Shidler conducted the 
installation service for the Sunday-school officers. Nearly all the 
teachers were retained. — Agnes S. Stcck, Napcrtfillc, III., Jan. 10. 

Lena.— Dec. 24 we enjoyed a Christmas program, which consisted 
of recitations, special songs and a short speech by Bro. W. U. 
Wagner, concerning the Italian Mission in Brooklyn. An offering 
was taken to help carry on that work. During the long winter 
evenings we have found it beneficial to meet and study the Bible. 
Al present we are studying the Book of Mark. Jan. 4 we had a 
special council meeting, with Bro. W. U. Wagner in charge.— Mildred 
Starr, Lena, 111., Jan. 5. 

Springfietd.— As we meditate upon the events of the past year, in 
the work here, we feel anew that the Lord has blessed us in a 
most remarkable way. A year ago we were holding services in the 
parsonage. Feb, 6 the first service was held in the new church 
basement. May 7 the church building jaws dedicated. Nov. 5 or- 
ganization was effected. Twenty -four have been baptized during 
the year. There have been thirty-three baptisms since the work 
was begun. The membership now numbers fifty -six. The Sunday- 
school has made a marked growth. Our average attendance for the 
last quarter was 104. On Christmas Eve the school rendered an 
impressive program. The Primary Department gave the story of 
Jesus' birth, using the sand table. The young people's department 
gave a pageant, "White Gifts for the King." The Christmas offer- 
ing was given to the Brooklyn Italian Mission. The Mothers and 
Daughters' Meetings, held monthly, continue to grow in interest 
and helpfulness. At the last meeting of the year the subject of 
"' Amusements " was discussed. Over sixty mothers and daughters 
were present. Sunday morning, Dec. 31, Brother C. H. Gnagy gave 
us an inspiring life-work message. In the evening Brother and 
Sister J. W. Lear were with us— Mrs. J. C. Shull, Springfield, III., 
Jan. 6. 


Arcadia.— Our regular council was postponed from Oct. 1 to Nov. 
19, on account of Eld. Wm. Hatcher not being able to be with us. 
At this meeting our Sunday-school was reorganized. Bro. Clarence 
Mosbaugh was elected superintendent; Bro. Jos. Stout, trustee for 
five years. We met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. Wm. L. Hatcher in 
charge. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: 
Jas. E. Smeltzcr, clerk; Sarah Kinder, correspondent. Missionary 
and Ministerial Committees were elected. Bro. Wm. Tinkle, of Port- 
land, Ind., gave us two discourses on purity Dec. 14 and IS. Bro. 
Frank Reploglc, of Delphi, Ind., preached two splendid sermons for 
us Dec. 17.— Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Bethel Center church met in council Jan. r, with the pastor, 
Bro. John Rarick, presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected: Sister Lydia Waters, church clerk; the writer, "Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent; Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. 
Anslcy Rcasoner. The present Christian Workers' officers were re- 
tained for another year. A ministerial committee was also chosen. 
Bro. Roy Teach, of Chicago, preached for us Dec. 10 and the fol- 
lowing Thursday evening gave an illustrated lecture which was 
much appreciated. Christmas Eve a fine program was given. Dec. 
26 Bro. Rarick began a series of meetings, but, owing to sickness 
in the neighborhood, closed Jan. 3. He preached the Word with 
power and we feel that all were greatly benefited. One was re- 
ceived into the" church by baptism.— Lulu Martin, Hartford City, Ind., 
Jan. 9. 

Camp Creek church met in council with Eld. I. S. Burns pre- 
siding. Three letters of membership were granted. The Sunday- 
school officers were chosen for the coming year, with Daniel Flory, 
superintendent. Bro. I. S. Burns was chosen elder. We have been 
having very interesting cottage prayer meetings, under the leader- 
ship of Bro. Burns. Bro. Russell Shull and wife, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., will be with us in a revival meeting the latter part 
of May.— Ruth Shively, Etna Green, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Elkhart City church has just closed an interesting and success- 
ful revival. Bro. I. R. Beery, of Chicago, began the services Dec. 
17 and remained until the 31st. He preached in all eighteen sermons. 
Nine have been received into the church by baptism and the con- 
gregation was encouraged to greater effort for the Master. Bro. 
Geo. Anglemyer, of Nappanee, Ind., very ably led the song service.— 
Mrs. W. E. McDowell, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Fort Wayne church met in council Dec. 31. with- Eld. A, J. Gump 
presiding. One was received by letter. We elected Bro. Gump 
elder; Bro. Geo. E. Barrett, superintendent and clerk; Sister Callic 
Musser, "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. Jan. 7 
we raised $14.25 for the Near East Relief— a goodly sum for our 
membership. The church here is sorrowing because of the untimely 
death of Bro. Fay Bosler. It is especially lamentable because of his 
various activities in the cause of the Master. Our Christmas services 
were well attended. The program was followed by a treat. Owing 
lo the excellent working conditions and the building boom. Ft. Wayne 
has become a mecca for those who labor. Consequently our at- 
tendance is considerably increased. With this encouragement and 
Bro. Ahner's splendid work, we are prospering great! v. — Arthur M. 
Barrett, Fort Wayne, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Landess church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. M. Smeltzer 
presiding. Bro. B. F. Kendall was elected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; church secretary, Lela Endsley; Bro. Boss Hardman, elder. A 
Ministerial Committee was also chosen.— Mrs. Marshal Pence, Landess, 
Ind., Jan. 8. 

Middle town .—The fifth Sunday was the time of the reorganization 
of our Sunday-school. Bro. Zirkle was chosen superintendent. Our 
Ministerial Board had the premiss ef Bro. Clarence Hoover, of 

Anderson, to preach for us the fifth Sunday, but he failed to come, 
so we will try to secure him for the fourth Sunday. Eld. Werking 
preached an able sermon yesterday morning.— Florida J. E. Green, 
Middletown, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Montieello church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. Chas. R. 
Oberlin in charge. A program for the year was planned, which 
includes installation of our pastor by a member of the District 
Ministerial Board, March 11; evangelistic services through Passion 
Week hy the pastor; special services on Mothers' Day, May 13; home- 
coming June 24; four missionary programs during the year; an 
outing for the Sunday-school July 4. Our Sunday-school officers 
for 1923 have been elected, with Bro. J. L. Hibner, superintendent. 
Our average attendance for 1922 was fifty-two. Dec. 17 Bro. Roy- 
Teach, of Bethany Bible School, gave an illustrated lecture.— Mrs. 
Elsie Zimmerman, Montieello, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Mt. Pleasant.-Dcc. 10 Bro. D. C. Campbell, of Colfax, Ind., came 
to this church. He delivered a scries of thirteen Bible land lec- 
tures to attentive and interested audiences. He has an attractive 
way of describing his journeys through the country made sacred 
by the presence and ministry of our Lord. He gave us unmistakable 
evidence of the literal fulfillment of prophecies, uttered centuries 
before. We believe much good will result from these lectures. — 
Lina N. Stoncr, Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Pleasant View church convened in council Dec. 7, with Eld. J. A. 
Snell presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the year, 
with Edw. Kendall, superintendent. Oma Kreider and Nannie Kendall 
were elected superintendents of the Primary Department. Noah 
Kreider was chosen to serve on the finance committee, and Edw. 
Kendall on the ministerial committee. Jan. 7 the Sunday-school 
raised an offering of $30 for the Italian church, Brooklyn.— Bertha 
Snell. South Whitley, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Plevna church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. Silas Fisher 
presiding. Four letters were received prior to the council. Our 
Sunday-school has also been reorganized, with Bro. Earl Kendall, 
superintendent.— Tcna Smith, Kokomo, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Topeka church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Michael Bowman 
presiding. Two letters were received. We elected Bro. Clyde Miller 
elder. Officers for the Sunday-school were chosen, with Sister Hesta 
Carpenter, superintendent. Sister Maurine Holman is Christian Work- 
ers' president. Bro. Clyde Miller will hold our revival meetings in 
1923. Our Junior Christian Workers' Society meets each Sunday 

: ycry 

nterested in the work which I 

gressing nicely. Th"c school gave a Christmas program Dec. 31.— 
Mrs. Sarah E. Yontz, Topeka, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Union church met in council Dec. 9 with Eld. Jesse D. Brown 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year as follows: Bro. J. D. Brown, elder; Sister Frank Kyser, 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. Ray Welborn, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. It was decided to continue the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ings. Bro. Claude Morlock was chosen president for the coming 
year. The interest manifested in our weekly cottage prayer meet- 
ings is increasing.— Georgia Brown, Donaldson, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in. council Dec. 23.' Bro. L. L. Teeter 
was elected elder for three years. Other church and Sunday-school 
officers were chosen. We will hold our spring love feast May 20, 
at 7: 30 P. M.— Rachel E. Alexander, Middletown. Ind., Jan. 5. 

Wabash City church met in council Dec. 7. with Bro. Edw. Kintner 
presiding. Officers for 1923 were elected: Chas. Circle, clerk; N. 
M. Buckingham, Sunday-school superintendent, church correspond- 
ent, "Messenger" agent and financial secretary; Sister Myrtle 
Mishlcr, superintendent of Primary Department. The church re- 
quested the Mission Board to arrange for a revival in the near 
future.— Noah M. Buckingham, Wabash, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Yellow River.— We have just closed a very successful three weeks' 
revival. Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, came to us Dec. 17. 
About the first half of his sermons were doctrinal, thus being help- 
ful and instructive. The remainder of his work was evangelistic 
and each sermon brought with it an earnest appeal to the unsaved. 
Seventy-four visits were made hy Bro. Haines. Much personal 
work was dftnc by various members of the church, as well as by 
the evangelist. We met each evening before services for special 
prayer and to discuss the field of labor. The members were united 
in their efforts, which brought .success. Sister Emma Weaver, of 
North Manchester, conducted the song services in a very pleasing 
manner. Special music was rendered at all services but two, which 
made the meetings more spiritual and impressive. Seventeen were 
baptized and two admitted on former baptism. Most of the con- 
versions were from the Sunday-school. The church as a whole 
is greatly strengthened by the Bible instruction. The attendance 
was very good throughout the meetings.— Alma E. Hanawalt, Ply- 
mouth, Ind., Jan. 9. 


Bagley.— Our Sunday-school is moving along nicely, with Bro. 
Chas. Knight as superintendent. He was unanimously elected for 
another year. Dec. 24 the children rendered a Christmas program, 
after a treat was given to all the scholars and visitors. Bro. Earle 
Deardorff then gave us a talk on our Italian Mission, for which a 
collection of $25 was taken. The intermediate class also gave $9 
to the Orphans' Home at Ankeny. The Sunday-school decided to add 
$6 to this. At the close of the service Bro. Will Benner presented 
Bro. Deardorff with a nice purse, donated by the members in ap- 
preciation of his work and effort.— Mrs. Leota Rometsch, Bagley, 
Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Dry Creek church met in special council Jan. 7, to elect officers 
for the year. Dr.. Miller acted as moderator. The following were 
elected: Elder, D. W. Miller; ' clerk, Lizzie Leidigh; trustee, Carl 
Hoover; "Messenger" agent, A. T. Ollinger; Sunday-school super- 
intendent, H. N. Martin; Primary superintendent, Mary Martin; 
junior Christian Workers' superintendent, Margaret Frentriss; Cradle 
Roll. Grace Burgess; Home Department, Mrs. Diehl. Harold Emmons 
was elected superintendent of the Christian Workers' Society and 
instructed to confer with the elder and reorganize our Society. Our 
Sunday -school and church took special offerings on Thanksgiving 
Day and Christmas, amounting to $67.28, which was equally divided 
between the Old Folks' Home. and Child Saving Mission. The Sun- 
day-school rendered a Christmas program Dec. 24, which was well 
attended. — Georgia Burgess, Robins, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

English River church met in council Nov. 25, with Eld. J. D. 
Brower presiding. Bro. Clarence Browcr was chosen Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Minnie Gibson, Primary superintendent; Bro. 
S. E. Browcr, Christian Workers' president; Bro. H. C. N. Coffman, 
elder for one year. Nov. 25 and 26 we had the pleasure of having 
Bro. Emmert, of Mt. Morris. 111., with us. He gave us some very 
inspiring talks. We also enjoyed having Bro. Clarence Gnagy, of 
Mt. Morris, with us one evening. He delivered a good educational 
lecture. We had services Thanksgiving Day, with an offering of 
$57. Dec. 24 the Sunday-school gave a very good Christmas program. 
We arc having good attendance at Sunday-school, and the work 
seems to be progressing nicely.— Sylvia Senger, South English, Iowa, 
Jan. 8. 

Fairview.— In December we had the pleasure of having Bro. Clarence 
H. Gnagy. of Mt. Morris, III., with us. The first evening he lec- 
tured on the Sunday-school and Vacation Bible School. The second 
evening his subject was missions. Bro. Gnagy knows how to 
treat these two subjects, and speaks with deep feeling. Christmas 
morning the Sunday-school rendered a program and lifted an offer- 
ing of $38.50 for the Brooklyn Italian Mission. The work of the 
Sunday-school looks encouraging. The average attendance for the 
year was sixty, with an enrollment of seventy. The amount re-' 
ceived during the year was $76. We have three organized classes. 
Bro. Gusta Ogdcn gave us a splendid address Jan. 7. The Up- 
Streamers Class gave $35 to help support Dr. Burk in his mission- 
ary work; the Golden Gleaners gave $6 to the Italian church in 
Brooklyn, and $2.50 to the General Mission Board. Our Ladies' Aid 
has been meeting every week of late, to make up for last summer 
when all were too busy to meet so -often. Our prayer meeting circle 
is interesting. We meet in the hornet of the members each Sun- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 


day evening and are still studying the book of Matthew.— Ola Tar- 
rence, Udell, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Franklin church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. A. L. Sears pre- 
siding- Sister Jemima Kob asked to be relieved of her office as 
church secretary, which she has held for thirty years. Sister Susie 
Coontz was elected to take hex place. The writer was chosen 
church correspondent. New Sunday-school officers were elected the 
Sunday following.— Mrs. Maggie Keim, Leon, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Franklin County.— Sister Sadie Anderson closed a very success- 
ful week of religious music instruction Dec. JO. The young people 
took special interest in attending the class and will be a great help 
to the development of our musical talent. We enjoyed a splendid 
Christmas program, given Sunday evening by the Sunday-school. 
An offering of $23 was lifted for the Brooklyn Mission. Our 
school shows an increase both in attendance and offerings, as com- 
pared with the showing of a year ago. The winter attendance has 
been splendid. The Sunday-school takes a special missionary otter- 
ing the first Sunday of each month. Our Aid Society has reorganized 
for this year. It is a splendid help in the activities of the church. 
They have helped to raise money to finish our basement for Sun- 
day-school rooms.— Rufus Schwab, Hampton, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Greene.— Bro. Harry Smith preached for us both morning and 
evening, Dec. 31, in the absence of the pastor. Sister Ella Eikcn- 
berry, who is a senior- at Mt. Morris College, spent the holiday season 
with her parents and also gave a very good talk on Sunday morn- 
ing, Dec. 31. Brother and Sister Burton returned from their holiday 
vacation in Chicago and yesterday morning gave a very good re- 
port of their visit to Bethany Bible School. They also impressed 
the thought of responsibility on every worker in the Sunday-school. 
Bro. Harry Smith has entered Bethany Bible School. Our Sunday- 
school secretary reported an average attendance of eighty-three for 
the past quarter. Brother and Sister Alfred Krcps, of Carring- 
ton, N. Dak., were with us yesterday. In the evening Bro. Kreps 
preached a good sermon. We expect Dr. Barbara Nickey, returned 
missionary from India, to give us a few lectures sometime during 
the summer.— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa; Jan. 8. 

Osceola church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Chas. Colyn 
presiding. The following officers were elected: Bro. Chas. Colyn, 
elder for another year; Sister Nora Colyn, clerk; the writer, "Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent; Sunday-school superintendent, 
Sister Nora Colyn. Six letters were granted. The Christmas of- 
fering from our Sunday-school for the Brooklyn Italian Mission 
was $12.35. Our Thanksgiving offering for missions was $7.S0. Dec. 

17 Bro. Clarence Gnagy, of Mt. Morris, 111., gave two lectures, one 
about missions and the- oth*r on Sunday-school work. We raised 
$6 for his work. One brother gave our elder a check for $100 as a 
Christmas present.— Grace Foreman. Osceola, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Salem church met in council Dec. 16. Church officers were elected. 
By a unanimous vote Bro. H. F. Caskey was chosen elder for 
another year. ,We are having good attendance at all services. Our 
church basement has been equipped for the Primary Department. 
The undersigned is superintendent and with a good corps of teachers 
efficient work is being done. Bro. C. H. Gnagy was with us Dec. 

18 and 19, and gave two good lectures on Christian education and 
missions. Bro. Frank N. Sargent and wife stopped here Jan. 4 and 
gave us a good stereopticon lecture on " A Bright Light in a Great 
City."— Mrs. Mettie Caskey, Lenox, Iowa, Jan. 6. 


Conway Springs.— The year closed with a wonderful increase in 
interest and attendance in our Sunday-school and church work, for 
which we arc grateful. A. Ebersole, the new superintendent, has 
the confidence and support of the whole school. The pastor, Harvey 
Hosteller, was chosen elder for the coming year. He, with the help 
of the deacon body, made the church visit prior to our love (east 
Dec. 3. Bro. Hostetler officiated, ably assisted by Bro. S. B. 
Wenger, of Hutchinson. The Sunday-school rendered a missionary 
program in November, and a program at Christmas. The churches 
of the town united in giving a community Christmas program and 
treat. The community spirit is developing nicely in our town. 
The church is particularly pleased to close the year without a 
financial deficit. At the close of a social, during Christmas week, the 
pastor and wife were surprised with a pound shower. They ap- 
preciated not only the gifts themselves but the spirit back of the 
giving.— Wilma Bollinger Hostetler, Conway Springs, Kans., Jan. 8. 

East Maple Grove church met In council Dee. 29, with Elders 
Geo. Throne and Asa Crist presiding. Church and Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Asa Crist was elected 
elder; F. P. Sanger, clerk; Lela Day, " Messenger " agent and cor- 
respondent; Bro. A. J. Ellenberger, Sunday- school superintendent; 
Bro. Lyman Hardy, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; 
Sister Mary Day, president of the Cradle Roll; Bro. J. A. Vancil, 
superintendent of Home Department. Officers for other departments 
were also chosen. Our church work is progressing very nicely.— 
Lela Day, Gardner, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Fredonia church met in members' meeting Dec. 30, with Bro. 
R. W. Quakenbush presiding. All church officers were chosen for 
the year, with Bro. A. C. Daggett, elder. Sunday-school officers were 
elected the Sunday following, with Bro. Frank Harris, superintend- 
ent. The young people of the Christian Workers' Society, drilled 
by Miss Mary Waas, gave a play, entitled, " Miss Poinsetta," on 
Christmas Eve. This, with special songs and a reading, was ap- 
preciated by all. This week Bro. Quakenbush left for his new 
pastorate at Lone Star, Kans.— Mrs. W. H. Sell, Fredonia, Kans., 
Jan. 6. 

Garden City church met in council Dec. 29, with the writer as 
moderator. The following officers were chosen: Elder, D. H. Heck- 
man; church clerk, Paul Sheaks; Sunday-school superintendent, Fred 
Ulrich; Christian Workers" president, Paul Sheaks. The following 
Sunday we had a very impressive service, when these and other 
officers and Sunday-school teachers were installed, Wc are glad 
for the progress that our church has made in 1922. One more was 
baptized recently.— D. H. Heckman, Garden City, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Grenola church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. Q. D. Reed pre- 
siding. Bro. John Burkholder, of McCune, Kans., was also with us. 
The following officers were chosen for the year: Elder, Bro. David 
P. Schechtcr; superintendent of Sunday -school, Sister Ida Logsdon; 
Bro. Harold Baker, president of Christian Workers' Meeting. At 
the request of Bro. Patterson, who has been sick for some time, 
it was decided to send some of the brethren to hold a com- 
munion service with him. About fifteen members took communion 
with him, Bro. Q. D. Reed officiating. The services were im- 
pressive and Bro. Patterson was made very happy. We arc very 
much encouraged at the progress we have made the last year and 
hope to see more improvement the coming year. — Kate Williams, 
Moline, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Kansas City (Armpurdalc).— Since our last report another young 
man has been baptized, making eight baptized and three reinstated 
into fellowship since Oct. 1. We enjoyed a very good program on 
Christmas Eve. The house was crowded and a number were un- 
able to get in. Interest in the various departments of church work 
has kept up well since the Christmas season. Attendance at Sun- 
day-school has been running well over 100 each Sunday. Our hearts 
were made glad, .when one of the churches of our District remembered 
our need of a new churchhouse and contributed so generously at 
Christmas time to our building fund. Some kind-hearted members 
of country churches made it possible to provide Christmas baskets 
for about fifteen families. This was much appreciated.— Anna Miller, 
Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Navarro.— After a Christmas playlet. "Ourselves and Others," 
white gifts were placed around a large white cross. A large box 
and an offering were sent to each of the following missions: Armour- 
dale, Kansas City, Mexico and Old Folks' Home, Darlow. After the 
sermon, Dec. 31, on the theme, "Building Together With God," a 
very impressive installation service took place, when the officers 
for church and Sunday-school pledged their faithful service to 
Cod for 1923. The students, home from McPherson College for the 
holiday season, gave a very helpful and inspiring program in the 

evening. Watch night was observed with song, praise and prayer 
With our well-organized school and with the help of our splendid 
pastor, Bro. O. H. Feiler, wc expect to do even greater work this 
coming year.— Mrs. Lola Eddy, Hope, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Paint Creek church met in business session Doc. 30, with Bro 
F. E. Strohm in charge. Officers were chosen for the year- Elder 
D. P. Neher; foreman, F. E. Strohm; secretary. Annie Richard- 
"Messenger" agent and correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school 
superintendent, W. M. Strohm; Christian Workers' president, Ethel 
Strohm. The envelope system of giving was adopted for raising 
funds for church work. We had a meeting on Thanksgiving Day. 
The offering of $14.79 was sent to the General Mission Board. A 
Christmas program was rendered to a large audience Dec. 23. The 
offering was over $7, which was increased to $10 and, presented as a 
Christmas present to Bro. J. A. Strohm, former elder, now in Bethany 
Bible School. Nov. 11 we had a very spiritual love feast. Elders D 
P. Neher and John Burkholder were with us. The Utter officiated 
and preached for us the next day.— Lee Dadisman, Uniontown. Kans, 
Jan. 8. 

Ramona church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Chas. A. Shank 
presiding. The church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the year: Chas. A. Shank, elder; J. H. Saylor, clerk. As the church 
has been, for some time, without a pastor, wc chose a ministerial 
committee. Nov. 18 wc held our love feast. Brethren W. A. Kinzie, 
Shank and Feiler, with several brethren and sisters from Navarre, 
were with us. Bro. Shank gave us a splendid sermon on Sunday. 
During the year five new members were added to the church by 
letter.— Welcome Sondcrgard, Ramona, Kans., Jan. 7. 

Salem Community Church.— The regular business meeting was held 
at the church Dec. 15. New Sunday-school officers were elected. Bro. 
W. A. Kinzie is elder for the coming year. Jan. 1 was set for a Com- 
munity Fellowship Meeting, to be held at the church. There will 
be speaking, music and refreshments. The Primary Department and 
the young people gave a splendid Christmas program on Sunday 
evening. They were greeted by a large and appreciative audience.— 
May McGonigle, Sterling, Kans., Jin. 3. 

Topeka church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. L. A. Whitakcr 
presiding. All officers for church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Society were elected. One letter was received. Dec. 24 
we took an offering for the Italian Mission in Brooklyn. In the 
evening a Christmas program was given, which was much enjoved. 
Brother and. Sister J. Edwin Jarboe, of Lincoln, Nebr., will be with 
us Jan. 21 to begin a scries of meetings.— Mary M. Smith, Topeka, 
Kans., Jan. 8. 

White Rock church met in council Dec. 30. The meeting was 
opened by Bro. Patrick, as Eld. Burgin was not present. The 
church elected Brethren Myers, Patrick and Philippi as a Ministerial 
Board. Bro. Burgin was elected elder. We also chose Sunday- 
school officers, with Sister Greenwood, superintendent. Sister Min- 
nie Warren was chosen church clerk and " Messenger " agent. We 
expect to hold a Vacation Bible School the first of June. Wc have 
granted one letter and have had one new convert since our last 
report.— Mrs. Minnie Warren, Formoso, Kans., Jan. 5. 


Beaver Creek. — We observed Thanksgiving Day, services being held 
at the Old Folks' Home, San Mar. Bro. H. R. Rowland preached 
for us, after which an offering was taken for missions. Dec. 24 
an offering was taken for the Italian church of Brooklyn. On the 
same day the Beaver Creek Sunday-school rendered a program, and 
on the previous evening Mt. Zion rendered theirs. At this writ- 
ing Mis3 Margaret C. Worthington is conducting a Bible Class at 
San Mar.— Cora Foltz, Maplevillc, Md., Jan. 7. 


Crystal church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. D. E. Sowers 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the ensuing year as 
follows: Bro. D. E. Sower, elder; Bro. Neri Shrider, trustee; Bro. 
Floyd Bollinger, church foreman; II. B. Noll, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. The church discussed ways of raising sufficient funds 
partly to support our pastor and provide for other financial needs 
of the church. It was decided to adopt the envelope system of 
weekly offerings. — Floyd Bollinger, Alma, Mich., Jan. 8. 

Elsie.— Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette, Ohio, came to this church 
Dec. 18, to hold revival services. He is an able speaker and preached 
the Word in a forceful manner. The church feels greatly blessed, and 
enjoyed the twenty-one sermons he gave. Five confessed Christ. 
Three were baptized and two await the rite. The church has been 
favored by having Bro. C. Spencer, of Shepherd, preach for us 
through the fall, every four weeks. Two letters were granted. Bro. 
Prowant and wife were here and the latter led the song service 
during the revival.— Matie Randall, Elsie, Mich., Jan. 6. 

New Haven.— Dec. 24 the children and young people of our con- 
gregation gave a very good Christmas program. Dec. 30 wc met in 
members' meeting, with Eld. Samuel Bollinger as moderator. Two 
letters were granted. Bro. R. H. Yutzey was chosen as the third 
member of the finance committee for three years. Bro. A. Feighner 
was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school for six months. 
The yearly report of the Sisters' Aid Society was read and, con- 
sidering the number of members, they arc doing a good work. The 
Society reorganized, with Sister Allie Emrick, president, and Sister 
Lizzie Chambers, superintendent.— Mrs. Grace Shcrrick, Middlelon, 
Mich., Jan. S. 


Broadwater church met in council Dec. 20. Bro. E, R. Fisher was 
elected elder for the coming year; Bro. Sherman Jones, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Jones, church clerk; Sister Martha 
Swinger, "'Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. Bro. 
Fisher and wife came to us about Nov. 28, to take up pastoral work, 
and we appreciate their coming. On Thanksgiving Day we held 
an all-day meeting, when Bro. Fisher delivered two very helpful 
sermons. The District Meeting of Southeastern Missouri and North- 
eastern Arkansas was held here Dec. 27 and 28, closing with a love 
feast, with thirty-eight present. Bro. B. E. Kesler officiated, as- 
sisted by Bro. Fisher.— Catharine Long, Parma, Mo., Jan. 3. 

Jasper church enjoyed a great spiritual feast while Bro. J. W. 
Deeter, of McPherson, Kans., was with us, conducting a Sunday- 
school and Bible Institute. In the forenoon of each day he gave 
us good instructions in Sunday-school work. The afternoon session 
of the first three days was given to the study of Paul's letter to 
the Galatians, and Sunday afternoon he gave an interesting out- 
line of Paul's problems with the Corinthians. Each night he de- 
livered an excellent and soul-inspiring sermon. Two have been re- 
ceived into church membership recently.— Walter Weimer, Jasper, 
Mo., Jan. 7. 

North St. Joseph.— We reorganized our Sunday-school with Bro. 
Elmer Sell superintendent. Sister Jones has done commendable 
work as our superintendent for the past two years. We need ef- 
ficient workers and our superintendent wishes us to make a call for 
young people to locate here. We would be glad to interest some 
young minister in our work. The advantages to secure a position 
in our public schools, or to do clerical work are as good here as 
in any city. Bro. J. S. Cline is our pastor and is giving us good 
sermons along lines of usefulness to tr/e church and our fellow-men. 
Our young people gave a very interesting program on Christmas 
Eve to a full house, and the children enjoyed their usual treat.— 
Mrs. Anna M. Loe, St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 7. 

South Red Cloud.— Dec. 2 Bro. Kurtz, of McPherson, gave three 
lectures. A basket dinner was served at noon, in order to be 
ready for an early afternoon service. Eld. Edgar Rothrock, of 
Beatrice, officiated at our love feast Dec. 13. On the previous even- 
ing he gave his lecture, " The Glory of the Pioneer." Our District 
Mission Board gave us a visit Dec. 15, at which time a members' 
meeting was held. Church officers were chosen for the coming 
year: Edgar Rothrock, elder; N. B. Wagoner, associate elder; Laban 

Wagoner, Sunday-school superintendent. E. E. Eshelman is busy 
seven days in the week, in and out of the pulpit, doing the work of 
a pastor. An excellent program was rendered on Christmas Eve 
to a large audience. At the close, Bro. Eshelman and wife re- 
ceived many substantial tokens of appreciation. Our chorus, under 
the leadership of Laban Wagoner, has furnished some very ex- 
cellent music for the various special programs. Dec. 24 three were 
baptized.— Mrs. N. B. Wagoner. Red Cloud, Nebr., Jan. 6. 


Freeville,-Bro. H. D. Jones, of New Woodstock, who has been 
preaching for us for some time, finished his work Dec. 31. Bro. 
John Graham, of Shippensburg, Pa., has now taken charge of the 
I-recville church. He preached his first sermon Jan. 7. We wish 
him success and shall endeavor to lighten his load as much as 
possible. We also appreciate the help of the Mission Board.— Martha 
Porter, Freeville, N. Y., Jan. 8. 


Berthold church and Sunday-school have reorganized for the new 
year. Bro. Joseph D. Reish was reelected elder in charge; Sister 
Altha Mahugh, church clerk; Sister Bessie Stong, " Messenger " 
correspondent; Bro. N. J. Stong, Sunday-school superintendent. The 
Sunday-school pupils gave a- good Christmas program oa Sunday 
Dec, 24, which was enjoyed by all. An offering of $5.54 was lifted 
for the Brooklyn Italian churchhouse. On Thanksgiving Day the 
members and a number of friends spent a very pleasant day to- 
gether at the church, At 11 A. M. our pastor preached on " America's 
Special Thanksgiving Notes." After the service the many filled 
baskets were emptied of their good things and spread upon one 
long table, around which the members gathered as one big family. 
Then an informal program was rendered, when each tried, in some 
manner, to express thankfulness for the many blessings of the past 
year. The teacher- training class meets each Wednesday evening 
and is now studying "The Pupil," which we find quite interesting- 
Margaret M. Reish. Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 5. 

Now Rockford church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Win, McCann 
presiding. Owing to the unfavorable weather, the election of officers 
was postponed. Bro. C. C. Myers, of Waddams Grove, 111., was 
with us one week and delivered some soul- inspiring sermons. One 
stood for Christ. Jan. I a communion was held at the home of Bro. 
C. S. Calony. Much good and spiritual help was received.— Effie 
Calony, New Rockford, N. Dak., Jan. 4. 

Surrey church held an informal Thanksgiving meeting, conducted 
by Eld. D. T. Dicrdorff, followed by talks by Bro. G. W. Lingofelt 
and others. An offering of $17 was lifted for the Near East Relief. 
Dec. 24 our Sunday-school rendered a while Christmas program, in 
behalf of the Near East. All classes brought donations of cloth- 
ing, valued at about $20, after which an offering of $16.40 was lifted. 
The regular Sunday-school collection of $8 was sent to the Italian 
Mission, Brooklyn. Dec. 27 wc held our council, when all church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected: D. T. Dicrdorff, elder; Sister 
Blanch Clousc, " Messenger " agent; D. S. Petry, Sunday-school 
superintendent.— Nora E. Petry, Surrey, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 


BrookviUe church closed a scries of meetings on Sunday even- 
ing, Dec. 19, conducted by Bro. John Robinson. Seventeen con- 
fessed Christ, sixteen being baptized on Sunday morning. Each 
service was well attended. Dr. Robinson preached the Word with 
much power, warning sinners and encouraging the followers of 
Christ to more faithfulness. Bro. Fidler gave us a sermon on Christ- 
mas Evo, "Jesus, the Day spring. "—Mrs. Arthur Hay, BrookviUe, 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

East Dayton church met In council Dec. 16, with Bro. J. Howard 
Eidemillcr presiding. Three letters were received. Officers were 
elected for the coming year: Bro. Lester Karn, trustee; Bro. Alva 
Richards, clerk; the writer, " Messenger " agent and correspondent; 
Bro. Ralph Brumbaugh, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Clara 
Jordan, president of the Christian Workers' Society. The true 
Christian spirit, manifested at this meeting, helped ua to appreciate 
more than ever the efficient service of our pastor, Eld. Wra. J. 
Buckley. A very interesting and impressive Christmas program was 
rendered Dec. 23. Bro, Friend Couser gave the Christmas message 
on Sunday morning.— Mrs. Alva Richards, Dayton, Ohio. Jan. 2. 

Springfield church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. J. Howard 
Eidemillcr presiding. Officers for the new year were elected. On 
Rally Day we had an all-day meeting. Sister Anna Eby, returned 
missionary, favored ua with two interesting talks. In the even- 
ing a large audience enjoyed the illustrated lecture, " In His Steps." 
Our pastor, Bro. J. C. Inman, preached a Thanksgiving sermon on 
Wednesday evening. An interesting program was given by the 
children of the Sunday-school on Christmas Eve. The work on the 
new church at this place will soon be finished and wc expect the 
dedication services to be held about Feb. 1. Our Sunday-school and 
church attendance is increasing. Wc feel that much more can be 
accomplished after wc arc in the new church. We have adopted 
the Graded Lessons for the primary classes. New song hooks, 
'* Hymns of Praise," have been secured for the Sunday-school. 
Sister Cono.ver, of Trotwood, Ohio, is now with us as mission worker.— 
Anna M. Curl, Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 4. 


Antelope Valley church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. Pitzer 
in charge. Officers were elected for the year: Elder, Bro. J. R. 
Pitzer; clerk and correspondent, Gracie Underwood; " Messenger " 
agent, Gladys Pitzer; trustees, W. E. Cook and Ray Disney; Sun- 
day-school superintendent, Elsie Dunbar. Bro. Pitzer and family are 
doing a great work for the Master in the upbuilding of his Kingdom. 
Wc can note a steady increase in interest and attendance at all 
of our services. Eld. J. Gordon, of Norman, Okla., was with us, 
conducting a two weeks' series of meetings, which closed Dec. 17. 
He delivered some very inspiring sermons and wc feel that a great 
deal of good will result.— Gracie Underwood, Billings, Okla., Jan. 6. 

Thomas church met in business session Dec. 30. Two letters were 
granted. One sister was reclaimed. Bro. Jacob Appleman was chosen 

(Continued on Page 48) 


CLEAR CREEK, IND.— Report of Aid Society: We held 11 meetings, 
average attendance of 7. Our work consisted of quilting, 
dresses and bedding for Industrial School in 
from last year, $29.34; receipts, membership 
80 cents; comforters. $10.50; prayer-coverings, 
3; offering for South Whitley churoh, $3,88; 
Ipts, $130.36; expenses for material, $10.29; 

fees, $19.40; apt 
$3.20; markets, 
donations, $3.05; 

supplies for market, $1.21; to local church treasury, $50; prayer- 
coverings, $8.23; flowers, $8,55; District dues, $15; Bethany Bible 
School, $5; South Whitley church, $3-88; miscellaneous, $2.12; total, 
$104.28; balance, $55.42. We sent a crate of eggs to Bethany Hospital, 
and made 6 dresses and 1 comforter for the Orphans' Home at 
Mexico. Officers: President, Mertie Haines; Vice-President, Mary 
Lahr; Secretary -Treasurer, Dessie Miller; Superintendint, Mary Mil- 
ler—Aura Neff, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 27. 

DONNELS CREEK, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1922: 
We held 25 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 9. We 
quilted 9 quilts, made 1 comforter, made sun-bonnets, dust-caps, 
pieced quilt and comfort blocks. We did sewing for several families. 
We gave 8 garments to the Springfield Mission; also clothing to 
East-Dayton; sent 12 prayer-coverings to the Greenville Home; gave 2 
comforts to a needy family. We received as donations, $53.22; collec- 
tions, $37.19; birthday offerings from the Sunday-school, $12.28; sale 
dinner, $25.45; quilting and quilts sold, $37.75; articles made and 
sold, $3.25; balance from last year, $18.16; total, $187.30. We gave to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1923 

the Springfield Mission. $5; foreign missions, $10; home missions, 
$30; Russia sufferers, $10; a sister, $5. The Aid Society and others 
gave SIS to a pastor's wile. We gave $2S to our - wife; 
repairs 519.20- material. $46.49; total. $16S.69; balance. $21.61. Officers: 
President. Mary Rool; Vice-President. Etta Barnharl; Secretary- 
Treasurer, the writer.— Ruth Dreshcr, Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

EGLON, W. VA.— During the year 12 meetings were held; average 
attendance. 9. We received in cash lor extracts, $21.26; comforts 
and quilts, $22.33; towels, aprons, etc., $42.55; collections and dona- 
Irons, $40.20; rust remover and knife sharpeners, $5.15; primary 
children's birthday money, $1.17; work, $5; sewing carpet rags, 
$182- gilt, $10; total, 149.46. We paid out (or extracts, $11.73; for 
material, $34.33; clothing for children, $14.27: dishes for Orphans' 
Home. $10; lor sewing-machine,^; to O. F. Helm, $5; lor the new 
building at Orphans' Home. $50; total, $130.33; balance, $19.13. Of- 
ficers: Virgie Fikc. President; Carrie King, Vice-President; Dr. 
Blanche Miller, Secretary Treasurcr.-Etta Bittingcr, Eglon, W. Va., 
Jan. 3. 

FA1RVIEW, IOWA.— Report of Aid Society: Enrollment, 15; average 
attendance, 6. We held 6 all-day and 12 hall-day meetings We 
served lunch at 2 sales, pieced quilts, made comforters and did 
quilting, sewed for a needy family and gave them 23 garments and 
2 comforts; made and sold 18 prayer-coverings. We paid out $23.75 
lor pulpit chairs; $25 lo Bethany Bible School; $25 to the Aid Society 
foreign work; $1 for District expenses; total, $103.69; on hand Jan. 
1 1922, $20.B9; receipts, $90.73, total. $111.62; balance, $7.93. Officers: 
President, Jessie Carr; Vice-President. Clemmic Ogden; the writer, 
Secretary-Troasurcr.-Mrs. Sadie Whisler, Udell, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

FOUR MILE, IND.-Report of Aid Society: Amount of money taken 
in $346.83; expenditures. $327.30. We held 8 meetings, had two 
markets and served dinner at 2 sales. We gave $25 to Riley 
Hospital lurid; $19 lor flowers and fruit lor sick; $25 to Forward 
Movement (India and China); $75 lor chairs for church; %2S to Near 
East Relief; $25 to Hastings Street Mission, Chicago; $25 to Bethany 
Hospital, Chicago; $10 to Salvation Army; $10 to Richmond Socwl 
Service Christmas fund. Officers: India Stevens, President; Elsie 
Creek, Superintendent; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Ruth 
Edgeworth, Richmond, Ind., Jan. 3. 

HICKORY GROVE, ILL.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Enroll- 
ment 26- average attendance, 10; meetings held, 19. Balance from 
1921 '$145.35; i-cccived lor work, $17.15; articles sold, $22.20; aid din- 
ners, $5.20; donations. $7.65; meals served at Farmers' Institute, 
$21.05; food sales. $142.04; ice-cream socials, $52.90; cook books, $1.95; 
bazaar, $59.16; total, $520. Expenditures: Foreign missions, $75; home 
missions. $15; Savanna City Hospital, $55.20; church furnace, $95.44; 
remodeling the church basement, $143.38; Vacation- Bible School, $5; 
evangelist and wile, $10; general expenses, $98.25; 19 articles of cloth- 
ing to a needy family; total, $491.29; balance, $22.71.-Clara Bow- 
man, Secretary-Treasurer, Savanna, 111., Jan. 3. 

HUNTINGTON CITY, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Mem- 
bers enrolled, 18; all-day meetings held, 48; average attendance, 8. 
Our work consisted of quilting 14 quilts and knotting 11 com- 
fcrlcrs. We gave to foreign missions. $20; to South Whitley church, 
$10; for laundering tablecloths, $10; to Mexican Mission, $5; new 
furnace for church, $25; to needy, $3.98; Mexico Orphans' Home, 
$12; total, $85.98. We received as donations, $12.85; offerings, $21.76; 
earnings, $83.43; expenditures, $5.21; total, $118.04; carried over from 
last year, $69.47; balance, $95.08. Officers: President, Sister Mary 
Bailey; Vice-President, Sister Nancy Fricdly; Secretary-Treasurer. 
Sister Anna Mahoncy.— Mrs. J. E. Blickenstaff, Huntington. Ind., 
Jan. 1. 

M1DDLEBURY, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Meetings held, 
23; average attendance, 10. Money on hand, $91.55; receipts, $52.25; 
pa'id out, $44.18; balance, $113.56. We gave to Forward Movement, 
$18; sent one bag to Texas; clothing and 2 comforters to Hastings 
Street Mission, Chicago; quilted 10 quilts, knotted 8 comforters; did 
5 family sewings. Officers: President, Sister Emma Weaver; Vice- 
President, Sister Mary Cripc; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister Cleo Neus- 
baum.— Lizzie Carper, Middlcbury, Ind., Dec. 28. 

MIDWAY, PA.— Report of Aid Society: We held- 9 meetings, with 
an average attendance of 4. Three special meetings were held for 
business. We made 3 comforts, 2 quilts, 15 bonnets, pieced one 
comfort, made 200 prayer-coverings, etc. Donations: Clothing, bed- 
ding and 200 prayer-coverings were made by a modern Dorcas. 
We sent $50 to the General Mission Board for the furnishing of a 
room in the Industrial School of Greene County, Va., and arc now 
getting bedding ready. We packed 33 boxes with Christmas goodies, 
including fruit, nuts, cakes and candied pop corn, which were given 
to widows, shut-ins, etc. We collected the five cents a week mem- 
bership fee from a goodly number of church members, amount, $103.90; 
articles sold, $16.90; cash balance Jan. 1, 1922, $33.32; total, $154.12. 
Expenditures, $95.96; $17 to India hospital; balance, $58.16. Officers: 
Sister Martin. President; Superintendent, Sister Forry; Secretary, 
Sister Breiden stein; Treasurer. Sister Ho ffcr.— Martha Eckert, 
Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 2. 

MONTICELLO, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Officers, 
Sister Mae Dilling, President; Sister Elsie Zimmerman, Vice-Presi- 
dent and Treasurer; Sister Pearl Dilling, Secretary. Amount on 
hand, Jan. 1, 1922, $181.90; received during 1922, $217.78; total, $399.68; 
expenditures. $261.25; on hand, $138.43.— Nctta Whitcher, Monticello, 
Ind.. Jan. 2. 

MOSCOW, VA.-Report of Aid Society: We have 23 members; held 
12 meetings, with an average attendance. of 12. Our work consisted 
of making comforts, quilts and different articles for sale. We sent 
flowers and sunshine boxes to the sick and afflicted. We gave $10 
to foreign missions; $25 to home missions; $20 to teachers of Va- 
cation Bible School; $7 to orphanage; $9.25 for other charitable pur- 
poses. Total received, $132.35; paid out, $114.72; on hand, $17.63. 
Officers: President, Sister Mary Cox; Vice-President, Sister Eliza Zim- 
merman; Treasurer, Sister Emma Simmons; Secretary, Sister Res- 
sic Kanost.— Florence Driver. Ml. Solon, Va., Jan. 5. 

NEW PARIS, IND.— Aid Society report: Regular meetings held, 24; 
average attendance, 8. We served 8 sale dinners. Total receipts, 
$222.88; expenditures, $239.78. We gave $35 to Bethany Hospital; 
comforter valued at $3, donated; work valued at $2, donated; $15 
to Forwaid Movement; $30 to Mexican School in Texas; two boxes 
of clothing valued at $55, to Chicago; $5 to O. F. Helm; $25 India 
Share Fund; $22.50 to Greene County School, Va.; clothing valued 
at $2, to Orphans' Home; total, $194.50. Officers: Lulu Alwinc, Presi- 
dent; Jennie Martin, Vice-President; Lavinc Arnold, Superintendent; 
Clara Harshman, Secretary -Treasurer.— Fern Martin Neff, Goshen, 
Ind., Dec. 30. 

OAK GROVE, VA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society. Lebanon con- 
gregation: We held 12 regular and 3 all-day meetings, with an 
average attendance of 10; total number of visitors, 10. We made 
prayer-coverings, comforters, aprons, towels, etc. Balance on hand 
from last year. $35.80; free-will offering, $27.12; birthday offering, 
$5.73; Peerless goods. $1.25; Larkin goods. $18.84; special offerings, 
$23.82; extracts, $18.51; goods sold, $14.65; prayer-coverings, $17.2S; 
sale dinner, $25.35; donation, SO cents; total, $186.28. We paid $25 
to India Share Plan; $25 to Forward Movement; $5 to Mary Quinter 
Hospital; $8 to Old Folks' Home. Timbervillc, Va.; $4.50 for clock 
in church; $8.25 for charity; $5 to Georgia mission; $2.50 lor nig 
at church; $5 to Bridgewatcr College (farm); total. $88.25; expenditures 
$66.32; balance. $31.71. We also gave clothing and bedding. Officers: 
President. Sister Lucy Sheets; Vice-President. Sister Mary Hulvey; 
Treasurer. Sister Mary Wine; Secretary, the writer.— Anna Wine 
Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 2. 

PLEASANT CHAPEL, IND.-The Ladies' Aid Society held 11 meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of 12. Our work consisted ol sew- 
ing carpet-rags, piecing comfort-tops, and the making of garments. 
We also made and donated hot water bottle bags, gowns, towels 
and $5 to Bethany Hospital. We gave $10 toward expenses of re- 
vival; $12.31 for church carpet; total, $41.66; amount received in 
collections, lunches, garments, $87.99; balance, $46.33. Officers: Sister 
Clara Ober, President; Sister Delia Smith. Vice-President; Sister 
Emma McCHsh, Treasurer; Sister Ocie Smith, Secretary.— Miss 
Alvadah Smith, Helmer, Ind., Dec. 29. 

PLEASANT VIEW, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 
11 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of II. Total en- 
rolled, 40. At the beginning of the year we had $60,39 in the treasury; 
received as membership lees. $51.31; donations, $6.30; birthday offer- 
ings. $1.96; Industrial School, $7.50; lor clothing. $6.50; total. $133.96. 
Expenditures, for material, $41.65; for support of native worker in 
India, $50; miscellaneous, $1.20; total. $92.85; balance, $41.11. We 
made garments and comforters. One box of clothing was donated 
to the needy, valued nt $100.05; 9 comforts, valued at $34; 8 boys' 
waists, valued at $6; total, $140.05. Officers: Sister Alice Carroll. 
President; Sister Vernie Rusmisel, Vice-President; the writer. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer.— May Joseph, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

PYRMONT, IND-— Report of Aid Society: Enrollment, 20; average 
attendance, 7. Our work consisted of making quilts and comforts, 
prayer-coverings and aprons, and serving dinner at sales. We gave 
$20 for the India and China fund; $50 to Bethany Hospital, Chicago; 
$32 for chairs for our church; $3 to old folks; $5 to 0. F. Helm; 
$6,50 for material. Receipts, $192.92; paid out. $116.17; balance, $75.04. 
Officers: President, Sister Katie Wagoner; Secretary, the writer; 
Treasurer, Sister Annie Stuart.— Eliza Flora, Pyrmont, Ind., Jan. 3. 
SALAMONIE, IND.— Report of Aid Society: We held 16 meetings; 
average attendance, 7. We quilted 5 quilts; knotted 3 comforters; 
made garments for the needy; sent 1 quilt and 1 comforter to 
Manchester College; 1 comfort and 35 garments to Bethany Bible 
School Mission; 9 gowns to Mexico Orphans' Home. We gave to 
Forward Movement fund, $25; South Whitley church, $10; District 
Secretary, $1; for material, $81.17; total, $117.17. Received from 
work, collections and serving dinners, $184.80; balance. $67.63. Of- 
ficers: President, Bctta Shultz; Vi<:e- President, Mary Shidcler; 
Superintendent, Clara Zook; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. 
Jesse Heaston, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 3. 

SALEM, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Enrollment, 35; 
average attendance, 8; number of meetings, 28. We quilted 14 
quilts, $27.21; received $43 for serving dinner at church; sold goods 
sent from China, $17.35 (which was returned to the poor women of 
China); collected for miscellaneous things, $42.89; total. $120.41. We 
sent $30 to Greene County, Va., for Industrial School; $59.78 for 
material for clothing and quilts for needy; balance, $13.38; bedding 
and clothing to Russian sufferers— Alma Slough, Union, Ohio, Jan. 2. 
SHOAL CREEK, MO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society!" We~hcIcrT7 
meetings, with an average attendance of 6. Expenditures, $5.20; 
received for work and dues, $11.05; balance from last year, $12.36; 
on hand, $18.21. Officers: President, Sister Stella Early; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Sister Bettic Recce; Treasurer, Sister Ova Erisman; Secretary, 
the writer.— Virgie Areabricht, Fairvicw, Mo.. Dec. 28. 

SOUTH BEATRICE, NEBR.— Report of Aid Society Jan. 1 to Oct. 
1, 1922: Meetings held, 8; average attendance. 8. We served lunch 
for 1 sale. We made comforts, cleaned and papered the Mothers' 
and Aid room in the church. Receipts, $59.73; balance from last 
year, $17.24; gave to missions, $15; home expenses, $33.04; on hand, 
$29.99. Officers: President, Sister Ida Root; Vice-President, Sister 
Mary GoufT; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Laura Wrightsman, 
Holmesville, Nebr. 

SOUTH WATERLOO, IOWA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society, 
country church: Number of members enrolled, 52; meetings, 16; 
average attendance, 13. We made 7 quilts and 3 comforts. We 
donated 2 days' work, 1 quilt, 1 comfort, and pads for Bethany 
Hospital. Amount of money received for quilting, $60; for dues 
and donations, $65.05; from sale, $23.65; on hand at beginning of 
year, $30.96; receipts, $148.70; total, $179.66. We gave to For- 
ward Movement, $35; District Secretary, $1; church at Oakland, 
Calif., $5; Bethany Hospital. $25; to a needy family, $12.50; for 
evangelistic work, $16; to the needy, $18; for marking quilts, $6; 
window-lights, $4.32; paper plates, $2.88; material, $9.65; "Gospel 
Messenger" to 2 families; total, $139.35; on hand, $40.31. Officers: 
President, Sister P. J. Blough; Vice-President, Sister W. O. Tann- 
rcuther; Superintendent, Sister W. H. Maust; Secretary-Treasurer, 
the writer.— Mrs. Harry Smucker, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

STAUNTON, VA.— Report of Staunton and Arbor Hill Aid Society 
for year ending Nov. 1: Number of meetings held, 11; enrollment, 
1£; average attendance, 6. On hand last year, $26.87; regular offer- 
ing, $11.87; birthday offering, $2.88; received for court day sales, 
pie and cake orders, $444.46; for aprons, prayer veils, rugs, etc., 
$62.68; total. $548.76. Paid out for material, $20.82; expense on sales, 
$206.98; to Arbor Hill. $37.60; for janitor, $30.50; for electric sweeper, 
$50; for singing, Staunton church, $30; on furnace, $65; painting, 
$28.65; pastor's salary, $45; to a needy family, $2.84; Timbcrville 
Orphanage, $2; to series of meetings, $5; District Secretary, $1; im- 
provements on church, $17.60; total, $543.07; balance, $5.69. We also 
gave clothing and provisions to colored orphanage; one box to poor 
family. Staunton and Arbor Hill have now dissolved as a joint Aid 
Society. Officers: President, Mrs. Nancy Smith; Secretary-Treasurer. 
the writer.— S. Estella Garber, Staunton, Va., Jan. 6. 

TIPPECANOE, IND.-The Aid Society held 27 all-day meetings, with 
an average attendance of 8; average collection, 96 cents. Many sick 
have been visited; we worked for a needy family two days. We 
gave $28.53 to home missions; donated bedding, clothing, towels and 
canned fruit; $210.65 to fix Aid room in the church; $19.75 for well 
and platform; sent 15 articles to Near East Relief; serving sale 
dinner, $73.32; received for articles sold and quilting, $21.20; made 
in the Aid room, 41 articles; in the homes, 49 articles; received as 
gift, $1; on hand, $27.16. Officers: Sister Anna Cripe. President; 
Sister Ella Kreiger, Vice-President; Sister Florence Shock, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Mrs. Jonas Cripe, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 1. 

WINDBER, PA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 54 meet- 
ings; enrollment, 42; average attendance 8; active members 15. We 
quilted 37 quilts and knotted 3 comforters; sold 6 of them and 
received $36.50; other quilts, $65.25; we donated 4 quilts and 6 com- 
forts. We received from a chicken and waffle supper, $233.11; one 
bake sale, $32; from other sources, "$272.65; total, $668.91; balance 
from 1921, $78.65; total. $747.56. Paid $500 on our new church; $5 to 
home missions; $1 to District Secretary; sent flowers to the sick; 
bought plates and cups for the church; total expenditures, $624.44; 
balance, $123.12.— Mrs. J. H. Dilling, Secretary -Treasurer, Windbcr, 
Pa., Jan. 3. 


"Blessed are the dead which die la the Lord" 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 60 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
senger ' subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Hos te tier -M tils.— By the undersigned, at the Scalp Level par- 
sonage, Dec. 23. 1922, Brother Mclvin Hostetler. of Richmond Town- 
ship, and Sister Hulda Mills, of Windbcr.-L. S. Knepper, Windbcr, 

Miller-Brewer.— By the undersigned, Dec. 31, 1922, at his residence, 
Bro. Harold Ray Miller and Sister Ruth Brewer, both of Bradford, 
Ohio.— Hugh Miller, Troy, Ohio. 

Renner-Trost. — By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Trost, Dec. 25, 1922, Brother Harry Renncr 
and Sister - Marie Trost, both of Pleasant Hill, Ohio,— John A. Robin- 
son, Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

Stott-Homler.— By the undersigned, Dec. 20. 1922, at the home of the 
bride's parents. Brother* Earl Ramond Stott, of Navarre," Kans., 
and Sister Mabel Pearl Homier.— C. A. Shank, Abilene, Kans. 

Zinn-Barnhort.— By the undersigned, at the Church of the Brethren, 
in New Carlisle, Ohio, Dec 24. 1922. Brother Max Zinn and Sister 
Ruth Barnharl, both of New Carlisle, Ohio.— J. Howard Eidemiller, 
New Carlisle, Ohio, 

Baxter. Mary Young, born April 9. 1844. in Rockingham Countv. 
Va., died Jan. 1, 1923, at the Brethren Home of Kansas. She married 
Samuel Baxter Oct. 15. 1909. He preceded her Aug. 23, 1910. She 
leaves one sister. She brought much cheer and happiness to these 
with whom she came in contact, hecause of her cheerful disposition. 
Services by Bro. O. H. Feiler.— T. P. Oxley. Darlow. Kans. 

Blough, Mrs. Catharine Schrock, Wife of Emanuel Blough. de- 
ceased, born in Somerset County, Pa., Jan. 15, 1851, died in the 
Old Folks' Home, Scalp Level, Pa., Dec. 29. 1922. She lived most ol 
her life at Geigcr, Pa., and came to the Home several months ago. 
She was a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren for over 
half a century and during those years impressed the spirit of 
Christ upon the hearts of many individuals by being exemplary. 
She is survived by three brothers and two sisters. Services in the 
Home by Bro. O. L. Minnich. Dec. 31 the body was taken to the 
Pike church, Brothersvalley congregation, where services were con- 
ducted by her former pastor, the writer. Interment in the Pike 
cemetery.— L. S. Knepper, Windbcr, Pa. 

Bower, Sister Sarah Jane, born Dec. 30, 1833, died Nov. 13, 1922. 
She gave her heart to her Savior in early life and remained a true 
and faithful Christian. Her husband and two daughters preceded 
her. Two sons and two daughters survive. Services in the Trout- 
-ville church by Eld. Jonas Graybill, assisted by Eld. J. A. Dove. 
Interment in the Brick Union cemetery. — Frankie Showalter, Trout- 
ville, Va. 

Burger, Sister Catherine, nee Wohlford, born March 3, 1837, died 
Dec. 25, 1922. She married Levi S. Burger in September. 1858. There 
were eleven children. She is survived by five sons, three daughters, 
nineteen grandchildren arfd seven great-grandchildren. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren in 1861 and was a consistent mem- 
ber. Services at the home of her daughter, Mrs. John Lewis, in 
Fredericktown, by Eld. G. S. Strausbaugh. Interment in the North 
Liberty ccmctery.—Mabel Strausbaugh, Fredericktown. Ohio. 

Cripe, Robert Ray. son of Israel and Malinda Cripe. born near 
Goshen, Ind., March 22, 1899, died Dec. 29. 1922. He gave his heart 
to Jesus at the age of eleven years and was received into fel- 
lowship of the Church of the Brethren. He lived a devoted Chris- 
tian life. Being a good Sunday-school worker, he was elected presi- 
dent of his class. He hecame afflicted several months ago with 
diabetes and called twice for the anointing. Sept. 11, 1921, he mar- 
ried Sister Gladys Haldaman, who survives with his father, mother 
and three sisters. Services by Elders Calvin Huber and Melvin 
Stutsman in the West Goshen church.— Ethel I. Hoover, Goshen, 

Diehl, Sister Martha, born July 29, 1842, died Dec. 11, 1922. She 
is survived by four sons, three daughters, eighteen grandchildren 
and eight great-grandchildren. At an early age she became a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren, to which she remained faith- 
ful. Services from the church by Brethren Daniel Bowman and 
Temple ton. Interment in the Pleasant Valley cemetery. — Myrtle 
E. Garst, Jonesboro, Tenn. 

Earhart, Mary Vinary Wandall, horn Aug. 17. 1853, in Mason 
County, 111., where she grew to womanhood. Dec. 17, 1871, she was 
united in marriage to William A. Earhart. To this union were horn 
six daughters and four sons. Three of the children preceded her. 
Early in life she accepted Christ as her Savior and took up church 
affiliation. About fifteen years ago she united with the Church of 
the Brethren, at Moorefield, Nebr. She remained a consecrated 
member until the end. She was a woman of much grace and love 
for those in need of sympathy. She died at the home of her son- 
in-law, H. H. Wilmeth. near Ingham, Nebr., Dec. 24, 1922. Funeral 
in the Methodist church at Moorefield, Nebr., by the writer.— S. 
G. Nickey, Haxtun, Colo. 

Eisenbise, Samuel, born near Troy, Ohio, Sept. 24, 1838. died 
at his home in Waddams Grove. III., Dec. 21, 1922. His mother 
died when he was but nine years old. He was of a large family, 
there being ten brothers and sisters, also one half-brother and one 
half-sister. All have preceded him with the exception of one sister. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren early in life. He 
married Mary A. Gilbert Sept. 14, 1876. There were three children. 
After their marriage they were engaged in fanning near Kent, III,, 
until March, 1892, when they moved to a farm near Waddams Grove, 
retiring in 1902. In addition to the infirmities of old age, he be- 
came blind nearly five years ago. He is survived by his wife, three 
children, three grandchildren and one sister. Services at the house 
by the pastor.— Wm. U. Wagner, Lena, III. 

Ermentrout, Sister Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. and Delilah Crouss, 
horn near Oxford, Ohio. May 24, 1845, died at the age of 77 years, 
7 months and 5 days. She married Wm. H. Ermentrout Sept. 14. 
1865. There were seven children. Her husband and five children 
preceded her. She and her husband united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1889 and were always faithful in attendance at church 
services. She leaves two children, two grandchildren and one great- 
grandchild. Services by the writer.— D. C. Campbell, Colfax, Ind. 

Filer, Woodrow Wilson, son of Bro. James and Sister Ida Fifcr, 
born April 16, 1918. died Dec. 22, 1922, in Salisbury Hospital, Mil. 
He leaves his parents, five sisters and six brothers. Services at 
the Quinton Methodist church by Eld. W. M. Wine. Burial in the 
cemetery near by.— Louie Hartman, Westover, Md. 

Fuller, Sister Mary Whipple, born in Oneida County. N. Y., died 
Dec. 27, 1922, aged 100 years, 7 months and 7 days. She was the 
tenth child of a family of twelve, all of whom preceded her. In 
1849 she married Hiram Fuller. At an early date they emigrated to 
Massachusetts and from thence to Douglas County, Kans. Mr. Fuller 
died there about twenty-seven years ago. Afterward she became a 
resident of Mont Ida, Kans. May 21, 1918, she united with the 
Brethren Church and seemed to enjoy her new life in Christ. She 
apparently retained her memory up to a few months of her death. 
She had been a great care for some time, as she had almost lost 
sight and hearing. Services by the undersigned, assisted by Eld. 
J. Sherfy.— T. A. Robinson, Mont Ida, Kans. 

Grady, Sister Mary, died of pneumonia, Dec. 22, 1922, aged 70 
years, 5 months aiid 12 days. Sister Grady was a faithful member 
of the Church of the Brethren for fifty-one years.* Her husband 
preceded her many vcars ago. Six daughters and one son survive. 
Services in the Troutville church by Bro. W. M. Kahle, assisted 
by Eld. J. W. Eikenberry. Burial, in the Brick Union cemetery.— 
Frankie Showalter, Troutville, Va. 

Croft, Bro. Christian W., died at the home of his son, near Bare- 
ville, Dec. 24, 1922, aged 80 years and 28 days. He was elected to the 
deacon's office thirty-two years ago. His wife preceded him twenty 
years ago. Services at the Barcvillc house by Elders Martin Eber- 
sole and D. S. Myer. Interment in the Groffsdale cemetery.— Amos 
B. Hufford, Bareville, Pa. 

Grubb, Sister Hannah, nee Cole, born near Ankeuytown, Ohio, 
June 1, 1854, in the same home in which she died Dec. 25, 1922. 
Feb. 1, 1872, she married Levi Grubb, who died twenty one years 
ago. She is survived by three children, six grandchildren and three 
great-grandchildren. She united wi"th the Church of the Brethren 
soon after her manage. Services at the Owl Creek church by Eld, 
G. S. Strausbaugh, assisted by Eld. W. D. Keller. Interment in the 
cemetery near by.— Mabel Strausbaugh, Fredericktown, Ohio. 

Halterman, Jacob R., born in Hardy County, W. Va., Sept. 26, 
1843, died at the age of 78 years, 6 months and 25 days. Nov. 16, 
1865, he married Susan E. Fitzwater. There were four sons and one 
daughter. He leaves bis wife and five children. He was in poor 
health for several years, but bore it patiently. He was a faithful 
Christian to the last. Services at the Blue Spring church by John 
Mahan.— S. E. Halterman. Bagnell. Mo. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20. 1923 


Heefner, David W., born April 10, 18S3, in Franklin County, Pa., died 
Dec. 30, 1922, at Robins, Iowa. He is survived by his wife and 
eleven children. He married Lydia Miller and both have spent their 
years in membership with the Church of the Brethren* where he 
served faithfully as a deacon. Services by the writer. Interment 
in the old Dry Creek cemetery.— S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Huffman, Bro. Jacob \V., died at his home, near Tenth Legion. 
Rockingham County, Va., Dec. 27, 1922, aged 81 years, 7 months and 
10 days. He was a son of Eld. John Huffman, one of the pioneer 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. He married Susan Zirkte 
Nov. 7, 1872. They celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their 
wedding just a few weeks ago. He was taken with pneumonia, to 
which he succumbed iu'less than a week. His wife survives with 
five sons, one daughter, twenty-seven grandchildren and three great- 
grandchildren. The youngest son preceded him a few years ago. He 
became a member of the church in early life and served faithfully 
for many years in the deacon's office. He was, from the time of 
its organization in 1912, the oldest official in the Unity congrega- 
tion. His sturdy Christian character has been a source of inspira- 
tion to the younger workers of the church. Three of his sons are 
active ministers, and all of the children arc earnest members of the 
Church of the Brethren. Services by the writer, assisted by Elders 
W. A. Myers and C. E. Nair, at the Fair-view church.— J. S. Roller, 
Timberville, Va. 

Lindsey, Lloyd Alvin, son of Brother and Sister Charles Lindsey, 
born Oct. 11, 1894. died Dec. 25, 1922, at the parental home in Fulton 
County, III. .He was a young man of good moral character and was 
respected by all who knew him. He was stricken with lung 
trouble about seven years ago. but through all his afflictions he 
was cheerful and uncomplaining. One sister and a brother preceded 
him. Father and mother, one brother and two sisters remain. 
Services by Brb. A. H. Lind, assisted by Bro. Chas. Walter, at 
the Woodland church. Interment in the cemetery near by. — A. H. 
Lind, Astoria, 111. 

Longacre, John W., born in Montgomery County, Pa., died at bis 
home in Quakertown, of complications, Aug. 9, 1922, aged 73 years, 
9 months and 11 days. He was married to Mary Shantz. There 
were four sons and four daughters. One daughter preceded him. 
Throughout his long suffering he was patient and cheerful. He 
united with the Church of the Brethren when a young man and was 
a faithful Christian. He was a man of great faith and enjoyed his 
religion, never being more happy than when engaged in the Lord's 
work. Services at the Quakertown church by Eld. Benj. Hottel and 
Bro. Nathan Kilhefner. The remains were taken to Zionsville where 
a short service was conducted by Rev. Boycr, of the Mcnnonitc 
faith. Interment in the near by cemetery.— Lucina Hersbbergcr, 
Quakertown, Pa. 

Miller, Sister Angclinc (Baylcs), born in Miami County, bid., April 
18. 1871, died at the home of her son, G. A. Miller, in Wcnatchec, 
Wash., Dec. 22, 1922. She was married to Reuben Miller Jan. 17, 
1886. There were eight children", five preceding her. She united with 
the Progressive Brethren church in 1887, but in 1900 changed her 
church relationship to that of the Church of Hie Brethren, living 
faithful to the end. Her great concern was the spiritual welfare 
of her family. A few weeks before her death she rejoiced in seeing 
the last son born into the Kingdom. She leaves her husband, two 
sons, one daughter, six grandchildren, two brothers and six sisters. 
Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. J. J. Filbrun. Burial in 
East Wenatchee cemetery.— W. A. Deardorff, Wenatchee, Wash. 

Mohler, Helen Lorrain-:, daughter of Brother Herbert W. and Sister 
Estella L. Mohler, and granddaughter of Elder and Mrs. A. C. Cross- 
white, of Peru, Ind., was born at Cerro Gordo. III., Nov. 18, 1912, 
and died at the Decatur and Macon County Hospital, Dec. 22, 1922, 
of meningitis, after lingering for three weeks at the point of death, 
fullowing an operation for mastoid trouble. The personality and 
influence of this little girl's life in the community was above the 
ordinary. Her funeral was possibly the largest in the com- 
munity in many years, the large church not being able to seat 
all in attendance. Her expressed thought of becoming a missionary 
nurse, her ready response in the Sunday-school and in the Vaca- 
tion Bible School for voluntary prayer and memory gem Scripture 
verses, her beautiful voice and ability in singing, her bright, sweet, 
cheerful, unassuming disposition endeared her to all with whom 
she came in' touch. She was everybody's friend, both young and 
old, and often expressed her kindly sympathy for the needy and 
helpless in little deeds of kindness. One of her favorite memory 
verses was used as a text for her funeral, " Suffer the little children, 
and forbid them not to come unto me, for of such is the kingdom 
ol heaven " (Matt. 19: 14). Services in the Cerro Gordo church by 
the pastor, the undersigned, assisted by Elders A. L. Bingaman and 
W. T. Heckman. Internftnt in the Cerro Gordo cemetery.— B. C. Whit- 
more, Cerro Gordo, III. 

Neikirk, Bro. D. H., of Lemasters, Pa., died very suddenly, of 
neuralgia of the heart, Oct. 26, 1922. He was born May IS, 1854, 
near Hagerstown, Md. He joined the Church of the Brethren at the 
age of twenty years and was elected to the ministry in 1900. He 
was of a very kind disposition— always on the side ot mercy in 
the council meetings. Nov. 27, 1879, he married Elmira Koler. 
There were thirteen children, four of whom preceded him. He is 
survived by six daughters, three sons and his wife— most of the 
children being in the Church of the Brethren. Services by .Bro. 

A. M. Niswander, assisted by Rev. Walch.— Pearl Heckman, William- 
son, Pa. 

Penrod, Bro. Jos. Conrad, died very suddenly at his home near 
Arrow, Pa., Dec. 26, 1922, aged 75 years, 6 months and 26 days. He 
married Mary Jane Nauglc Feb. 21, 1869. There were ten children, 
one dying in infancy. He is survived by his wife, three sons and 
six daughters, one sister and one brother. He was a member of the 
church for thirty years. He lived a very quiet Christian life and 
was loved by all. Services at Rummel by Bro. A. J. . Beeghley. 
Interment in the Berkey cemetery.— Mrs. Warren Hoover, Windber, 

Reinhold, Sister Catherine, widow of the late Daniel Reinhold, 
died Nov. 6, 1922, at the Brethren Home, Neffsville, Pa. She was a 
daughter of George and Elizabeth Genscmer, deceased, and was born 
June 2, 1833. Death was due largely to infirmities of age. She 
was a faithful member of the Brethren Church for sixty years. She 
is survived by one sister, eight children, thirty-four grandchildren, 
thirty -one great-grandchildren and one great-great grandchild. 
Services at the Neffsville church by Brethren I. W. Taylor and H. 

B. Yoder. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Lizzie Pehlman, 
Neffsville, Pa. 

Rhea, Sarah, born in Preble County, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1821, died Dec. 
4, 1922, at Walton, Ind., aged 101 years, 10 months and 17 days. She 
married Robert K. Rhea Sept. 5, 1840. There were four sons and six 
daughters. Eight of these survive, five of them being past seventy 
years of age. She also leaves thirty-nine grandchildren, sixty-four 
great-grandchildren and eleven great-great-grandchildren. For more 
than fifty years she had been a faithful member of the Church of 
the Brethren. Services by Bro. W. C. Stinebaugh.— Elsie F. Small, 
Walton, Ind. 

Rodgers. Olive M„ daughter of Anderson and Rhoda Englc, was 
born in Indiana, March 11, 1852, and died of pneumonia at the home 
of her daughter in Cerro Gordo, III., Dec. 21, 1922, aged 70 years, 9 
months and 10 days. Aug. 29, 1870, she was married to Francis 
M. Bulla, who died Sept. 15, 1900. To this union were born five 
children, one son dying in infancy. In 1901 she was married to. 
J. Walker Rodgers, who died Sept. 17, 1915. She united with the 
church at Salem, III., nearly fifty years ago. She was always busy 
and active in the work of the church. Services in the Cerro Gordo 
church by the undersigned, assisted by Eld. A. L. Bingaman. Inter- 
ment in the Cerro Gordo cemetery.— B. C. Whitmore, Cerro Cordo, 

Smith, Dorothy Florence, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Smith, 
horn at Muscatine, Iowa, April 21, 1915, died near Carpenter, N. Dak., 
Dec. 18, 1922, aged 7 years, 6 months and 27 days. Services at the 
home by the undersigned. Interment in the cemetery near Kelvin, 
N. Dak.— Earl L. Flora, Carpenter, N. Dak. 

Lives of Great Men all remind us 
We can make our lives sublime, 
And departing, leave behind us 
Footprints on the sands of time. 
— Longfellow. 

The stanza above suggests at least one reason for the reading of biography. A little thought 
will suggest many others. Leaders in many lines will be found in the list of biographies following. 
The larger part of the winter with its long evenings is still before us. One or more of these biogra- 
phies will prove interesting and helpful. 

LIFE OF D. L, MILLER, $2.00 

Best Bate*. 

The name has become a household word in almost every 
family in fbe Church of the Brethren. He was known as an 
able editor, one of the most widely traveled men, as a preacher 
and lecturer. He preached or lectured in a large part of our 
churches. Always he had a large correspondence. The author, 
a niece of his, had access to his journals and letters and 
out of a loving memory ha9 produced this splendid biography 
of our brother. Many illustrations. 


J. E. Miller. 

Though still a young man when called home Brother Wil- 
liams had become one of the leading men of our church. His 
devotion to the church has inspired many to a more com- 
plete surrender to God's will. Brother J. E. Miller was closely 
associated with him for several of his last years and has 
caught the charm of bis personality and faithfully portrayed 
it in this volume. Illustrated. 


Edited by Wm. G. Blaikie, D. D. LL. D. 

A new and popular edition of this standard life of the great 
explorer and missionary. It is the authentic edition printed 
from the same large type plates as the former hook. 

To know this great man as portrayed in this volume is an 
inspiration and a blessing to any Christian heart. Herein is 
found a more complete history of his life than in his own 
books. As a man, a Christian, a Missionary, a Philanthropist 
and a Scientist, Livittgstone ranks with the greatest of our 
race. 508 pages. Cloth. 


W. P. Livingstone. 

The Life of Mary Stcssor for Young People. 

The life-story of " Mary Slcssor of Calabar." known in Africa 
as the "Great White Ma." forms one of the most amazing nar- 
ratives in history. Writing in a clear, simple style, Mr. Liv- 
ingstone describes Mary Slessor's youth in the slums of Dun- 
dee, her journey to the dangerous West Coast, her almost in- 
credible adventures and hardships in the African jungles, the 
miracles of regeneration she worked among the black savages, 
and the honors accorded her by the British Government. 


Jeanne M. Serrell. 

Here are tales of deeds of courage and devotion done on 
the mission fields of the world. Instinct with the spirit of 
the Great Commission, they retell, in a delightful and refresh- 
ing way, the stories of the great missionaries— Carey, Judson, 
Paton, Livingstone, Hudson Taylor, Mary Slessor, Coillard, 

3 The author's work as Chairman of the Childress Work 
Committee of the Woman's Board of Foreign Missions has 
fitted her to deal with (his interesting subject. 


Basil Mathews. 

This volume is more unusual than the price would in- 
dicate. The author has travelled over the routes followed by 
the great apostle and therefore writes the stirnng history of 
St. Paul's life with the inspiration and accuracy of one who 
has thoroughly mastered his subject. All the manuscript was 
passed on by the experts on the Pauline age. A lar" ' 
handsome volume illustrated with photogravures an 



Wayne Whipple. 

An entirely new treatment of the life of Washington, for in 
all that has been written about George Washington, his youth 
has never been treated as an adventure story, though he had 
a thrilling career, even as a boy. We arc sure, therefore, that 
readers will find this book unusually interesting, if not, in 
some respects, a surprise. 

Large 12mo. Cloth, 8 full-page illustrations in colors. 


MAN . $0.82 

James Morgan. 

"To present a life of action, portraying the very dramatic 
scenes in the career of a man whose energy and faith have 
illustrated before the world the spirit of young America "— 
such has been the aim of Mr. Morgan. 


Booker T. Washington. 

Booker T. Washington's own account of his rise from slavery 
to a position of masterful leadership amongst his own people. 
A stirring autobiography that will appeal to every true Ameri- 


Helen Keller. 

The wonderful autobiography of one who has from early 
childhood seen the world only through the eyes of others. 
When less than two years old Miss Keller lost both eyesight 
and hearing through a severe illness. The story of how her 
teacher gradually opened the mind of Helen Keller to the knowl- 
edge and beauty of the world is easily one of the most won- 
derful and touching stories in history. Eight illustrations, 


James Morgan. 

Lincoln's life story is otic of the most inspiring in American 
annals and it cannot be retold too often. In this book the 
author has put it in the most inspiring of all forms, A vivid, 
lively sketch of his early life, his UuhIulss failures, his suc- 
cess as a lawyer and politician. The best life of Lincoln for 


S. Trevena Jackson. 

This book is really an autobiography for the author has 
simply recorded Fanny Crosby's story as she related it in her 

The volume is filled with memories, impressions and rem- 
iniscences never before related, The book constitutes a most 
fascinating record of the life of one whose name and hymns 
are known wherever the English language is spoken. 

WRITERS, : $2.00 

Prof J. H. Hall. 

Commencing with Dr. Lowell Mason, the compiler of this 
volume furnishes a personal sketch of representative Ameri- 
can hymn and gospel song writers arid composers. All the 
familiar names are here— William Bradbury, Philip Phillips, 
Roat, Doanc, Lowry, Palmer, McGranahan, Sankey, Fanny 
Crosby — together with some seventy others. A portrait accom- 
panies each sketch. This is the only distinctive book of bio- 
graphy yet published dealing with men and women whose com- 
Eositions have warmed the hearts of millions, and helped to 
ccp the note of evangelism vibrant throughout the world. 

Wayne Whipple. 


A fresh and captiv 
opportunity to gatht 

ting book by one who has had a special 
inpublishcd data about Lincoln. 

Wayne Whipple. 

An intimate history-especially of the early life^-of one who 
has sometimes been called "the ";st great American As a 
publisher, statesman, inventor and philosopher Franklin will 
ever stand as a type of what the American spirit can ac- 
complish against the greatest odds. 

LIFE OF R. H. MILLER, $1.00 

Otho Winger. 

During the latter part of the nineteenth century Elder R. 
H. Miller was a notable figure in the history of the church. 
He excelled in many lines, having been a powerful preacher, an 
able debater and a great leader. The author of this biography 
has done the church a valuable service in presenting with such 

Sraphic detail the story of this worthy man's life. An in- 
irming and inspiring hook. 269 pages. 



Alfred Edersheim, D. D. 

One of the most complete and scholarly lives of Christ that 
have ever been published. The two volumes contain a wealth 
of material explaining the customs and belief of the Jews. 
Very essential to a complete understanding of Christ and his 

Send all orders to 


Elgin, 111. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20,- 1923 


Official Organ of tho Church of tho Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, III., at $2-00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 


Editor Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postofflce at Elgin, 111.- ns s, ' rmi ' i ~'''?;! B ,^"L tP ,!: 
ic ; , fl ,r rnnilliiK .-.I spcMul rate of pontile provided *Wlj 
■SSnWlet Of October 3, 1917. authorized August M, UH& 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

.i (Continued from Page 45) 

elder- Bro. B. F. Slutzman, Sunday -school superintendent; Sister 
Julia' Stutsman, church clerk; the writer, correspondent. Our love 
feast, held on New Year's Eve, was ably conducted by Bro, D. E. 
Cripe, with thirty communing.— H. W. Forney, Thomas, Okla., Jan. 1. 

Ashland,— We held missionary and Thanksgiving services Nov. 26. 
Dr Mark Browcrs presided. The collection for missionary work 
was $33.50. Our Sunday-school gave a very appropriate program on 
Christmas Eve. Our collection for the Brooklyn Mission was $31.75. 
Dec 29 we held a council meeting, with Eld. Hiram Smith in charge. 
Officers were elected for the coming year: Elder, Hiram Smith; Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Sister Laura Goctze; president of Christian 
Workers' Society. Sister B. M. Lininger; "Messenger' agent and 
correspondent, the writer. We decided to hold our love feast Aprd 
14.— Mat tie Anderson, Ashland, Ore., Jan. 5. 

Portland —Dec. 26 Bro. D. Diaz, a native of the Philippine Islands, 
delivered three messages. Bro. Dia E was horn and reared a Roman 
Catholic and was converted to the Protestant faith seven years ago. 
Immediately after his baptism he entered the fight against sin, and 
has become a most earnest and enthusiastic worker. Though young 
in years he is a man of wide experience and a thinker and speaker 
of ability and knowledge. Through his influence eight young Filipino 
boys have been brought to the United Slates for training .n Chris- 
tian colleges, expecting to return to their native country and work 
for the cause of Jesus. An offering was taken to assist m this 
work. Bro. Dia* is being accompanied in his itinerary by Eld. 
Howard Michael, of Myrtle Point, Ore.-Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, 

Ore., Ja: 


Akron church will open a scries of protracted meetings, beginning 
Jan 28 in charge of Eld. Michael Kurtz, of Richland. We lifted 
an offering for Russia and the Near East Dec. 31, amounting to 
$118 The Sunday-school gave $25 and the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing, $25; Gleaner's Sunday-school class, $15, totaling about $185.— 
David H. Snadcr, Akron, Pa„ Jan. 8. 

Big Swatara.-Oct. 15 we opened a series of meetings at the East 
Hanover house, with Bro. A. G. Fahnestock, of Brunnerville, evan- 
gelist The Gospel was dealt out in a simple yet forceful manner. 
The messages were of the practical type, making each one feel 
his responsibility. A number of homes were visited and much 
personal work was done. There were three confessions. Bro. J. A. 
Bricker, ol Philadelphia, brought us two messages Dec. 24 and also 
spoke on Christmas morning. These talks were much appreciated.— 
UlysBes L. Gingrich, Palmyra, Pa., Jan. 3. 

County lino church met In council Dec. 9, with Eld. I. R. Pletcher 
presiding. As we have no minister in our congregation, we have 
semimonthly services by securing outside ministers to come here. 
Eld J C Beahm, of Connellsville, has been coming for nearly two 
years. 'and has been a great help to the church and Sunday-school. 
Officers were elected for the coming year: Eld. J. C. Beahm; clerk, 
Alva Ritenour. We have decided to build a parsonage. Then we 
hope to secure a minister to move here and give his lull time to 
the work. It is the aim of the committee to have the building ready by 
June 1 Our Sunday-school has been reorganized, so that the new 
officers may begin work the first of the yjar.— Lepha L. Solomon, 
Champion, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Haoovcr.-Brethren J. G. Myer and Ralph W. Schlosscr, of Eliza- 
bcthtown College, conducted a very instructive Bible Institute Dec. 
1-3 Bro. Schlosscr explained the Book of Hebrews and portrayed very 
vividly, " Christ, the Great Revealer of God," and " Christ, the 
Great High Priest." Bro. Myer gave us several splendid talks on 
the Sermon on the Mount, which we all enjoyed thoroughly. We 
had Thanksgiving services in the evening, after which an offer- 
ing of $30 was lifted for World-Wide Missions. The Sunday-school 
rendered an interesting Christmas program. We met hi council 
Jan. 3, with Eld. Daniel Bowser presiding. One letter was granted. 
Bro. Claude Miller was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
Jos. Price, president of the Child Rescue Committee for three years; 
Bro. Jacob E. Myers, president of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing; the writer, correspondent. We raised $656 for the purchase of 
a Child Rescue Home in Carlisle, Pa. We will hold our love feast 
May 6.— Mary A. Uhinchart, Hanover. Pa., Jan. 4. 

Mt. Joy.— Our total Sunday-school offering for the Brooklyn 
Italian Mission was $42.36. The Juniata College Glee Club program, 
Dec. 29, was a great success. The writer is -Christian Workers' 
president.— Frank B. Myers, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Richland.— Our Thanksgiving meeting was held at the Richland 
house. Bro. Simon Bucher and A, D. Bucher preached for us, and 
their messages were much appreciated. An offering of $94.65 was 
lifted. Dec. 1 we held our council, with Eld. Michael Kurtz pre- 
siding. Reports of our church work were given, showing con- 
siderable activity. An advisory committee of five members for our 
Sunday-school was elected. Bro. Peter Philippi was chosen super- 
intendent. On Christmas Day we had a very interesting program by 
the children. An offering of $18.82 was lifted for the Near East Re- 
lief. Seven certificates were granted and six received. Two were 
recently received into the church by baptism.— Laura L. Frantz, Rich- 
land, Pa., Jan. A. 

Shade Creek.— Nov. 12 was a big day at the Berkcy house, when 
a Rally Day program was given. A large delegation from Martins- 
burg, Pa. (our pastor's former home) was present, and the men's 
chorus rendered a number of inspiring and much appreciated selec- 
tions. Bro. Emmert Rcplogle, superintendent of their Sunday-school, 
gave a short talk, and Sister Mary Alice Archie gave an interesting 
reading. Our regular council was held Dec. 16, at which time officers 
were elected, with Bro. F. R. Zook, elder. Christmas programs were 
rendered by the Berkey and Ridge schools. One was baptized re- 
cently. Jan. 7 we expect a delegation from the Juniata College Volun- 
teer Band to be with us at the Ridge house.— Mrs. J. L. Weaver, 
Hooversville, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Spring Creek.— Dec. 23 a Christmas program was rendered at the 
Hummelstown church by the Sunday-school. An address was given 
by Bro. Amos Kuhns. An offering was lifted for the Brooklyn 
Italian church. Dec. 24 a Christmas program was rendered at the 
Spring Creek church, followed by an address by Bro. B. W. S. 
Ebersole. An offering of $265.85 in cash and pledges was given to the 
Near East Relief. Dec. 31 the Lookout Committee of Spring Creek 
furnished us with a program on "Things to Do in 1923." An address 
on "The Abundant Life of 1923" was given by Bro. H. H. Nye, of 
Elizabethtown.— Emmert Bashorc, Hershey, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Union town church met in council Dec. 3. Officers for the follow- 
ing year were elected: Sunday-school superintendents, Geo. Wright 
and Jas. Fearer; Christian Workers' president, Jas. Fearer; " Mes- 
senger " agent, Bro. J. E. Whitacre; church correspondent, the 
writer; church clerk, Quintcr Barnthouse. Our Missionary and 
Temperance Committees were also elected. Dee. 24 our Sunday- 
school children rendered a Christmas program of songs, drills and 
recitations. The young people gave a pageant, " The Star of Hope." — 
Orpha Collier, Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Upper Concwago church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. S. S. Miller 
presiding. One certificate was received and one was granted. Church 
officers for the coming year were elected. Our love feast will be 
held at the Mummert house May 19 and 20, and at the Latimore 
house Oct. 20 and 21. Nov. 25 and 26 Bro. Conner, of Harrisburg, 
delivered three sermons on missions to appreciative audiences. An 
offering of $129.91 was given for home and foreign missions. Nov. 
23 Bro. John Caruso, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was with us.— Ruth Group, 
East Berlin, Pa., Jan. 1. 


Bethlehem.— As previously reported, the Thanksgiving offering was 
$70. There being no services at Monte Vista and Cedar Bluff on 
that day an offering was taken later for the District Mission Board. 
The offering at Monte Vista was $9. but the same day $146 was 
raised to pay for the furnace. The offering at CedaY Bluff was 
$34.25, making a total of $113.25. Bro. W. B. Stover was with us 
during the holidays, giving four lectures at Bethlehem, with an 
offering of $21 for the General Mission Board; three lectures at 
Monte Vista, offering $31; two lectures at Cedar Bluff, offering 
$28; one at Boone Mill, offering $6, making a total of $86 for the 
congregation. Bro. Stovers lectures were very much enjoyed.— 
M. A. Bowman, Boone Mill, Va., Jan. 4. 

'••■■■ nmount. i 'u Thanksgiving Day a program was rendered, which 
was appreciated by all. Bro. E. M. Wamplcr gave a missionary 
address. An offering was taken for home missions. In the even- 
ing Bro. Wamplcr began a series of four lectures on the religions of 
China, closing on Sunday morning with " Christianity, the Only Re- 
ligion That Can Satisfy the Human Heart." Bro. Wampler comes 
fresh from the China field, bringing to us the needs and oppor- 
tunities of that heathen land. Dec. 30 the Greenmount church met 
in council, with Eld. J. W. Wampler presiding. Seven letters were 
given. Bro. Wampler was reappointed on the Ministerial Board. 
The superintendents of the different Sunday-schools in the congre- 
gation were elected: Bro. Dennis Davis, Bethany; Bro. J. D. Miller, 
Fairview; Bro. D. R. Miller, Greenmount; Bro. . J. W. Myers, Mt. 
Zion; Bro. H. E. Kline, Pine Grove; Bro. S. B. Myers, Mel- 
rose. Bro. D. C. Myers was elected president of the Christian Work- 
ers. Bro. Galen Wampler was elected Forward Movement secre- 
tary. — Annie Miller, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 3. 

Hollywood congregation met on Thanksgiving Day for worship. 
Bro. I, A. Miller conducted the services. An offering of $20 was 
lifted for World-Wide Missions. Dec. 16 we met in council, with 
Eld. I. A. Miller presiding. Visiting brethren present were S. H. 
Flory, M. G. Early and E. E. Blough. The church officers for the 
coming year were* elected: Bro. L. B. Flohr, elder; Sister Mamie 
Quann, church clerk; Sister B. M. Quann, correspondent; Brethren 
D. P. Quann and .Thos. Roberson, Sunday-school superintendents. 
Two letters were granted and two received. Bro. D. P. Quann was 
licensed to preach. Christmas night the Sunday-school rendered a 
program, after which an offering of $5 was taken for the Brooklyn 
Italian church.— Mamie F. Quann," Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 31. 

St. Paul (Va.).— Dec. 24 we held our first program, with about forty 
young, people taking part. It was a representation of Christianity 
sending the tidings of the Christ-Child to all nations of the world. 
At the close white gifts were given by the Sunday-school scholars 
for the Industrial School in Greene County, Va. Dec. 27 two Aid 
Societies were organized. The young girls will meet the first and 
third Saturday of each month. The older women the third Wednes- 
day of each month. It is hoped that much good may be done- 
through these two organizations. The young people are taking great 
interest in the young people's meetings, which arc held every second 
week. We have been taking up the study of our different mission 
fields, to inspire greater interest in missions and the church.— Connie 
Johnson, Mt. Airy, N. C. Jan. 3. 


Forest Center church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. Tigner 
presiding. Five letters were received. Officers were elected for 
the coming year. Bro. Tigner was reelected elder; Bro. J. O. Snider, 
clerk; Bro. E. H. Tigner, Sunday-school superintendent. It was de- 
cided to put off revival meetings till spring. — Nora A. Willey, Val- 
ley, Wash., Jan. 2. 

Okanogan Valley church met in council Dec. 30. Bro. G. A. 
Shamberger was reelected elder in charge; Bro. Verne Sterns, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Bro. James Arbogast, president of the 
Christian Workers; S. Longanecker and J. J. Shamberger, trustees. 
We decided to hold a series of meetings, commencing Dec. 31. Bro. 
Verne Sterns is to do the preaching. Sister Verne Sterns was 
elected " Messenger " correspondent. Five letters were granted.— 
C. E. Holmes, Tonasket, Wash., Jan. I. 

Seattle c^hurch met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Alva M. Long 
presiding. One was received by baptism recently and one from the 
Progressive Brethren. Bro. Long was chosen elder for the -en- 
suing year: Bro. F. F. Dull, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Alice Wiemer, " Messenger " agent and church correspondent. — 
Mrs. Florence Gish, Seattle, Wash., Jan. 6. 

Sunny side.— Dec. 31 is a day that will not be forgotten by the 
members of this church. In the morning Bro. Fasnacht gave a 
splendid sermon on the " Holy Spirit," after which a basket dinner 
and social hour was enjoyed. We again assembled for a short 
service. Our aged Bro. Miller gave a good talk, with a special 
song by Brother and Sister Myer. We keenly feel the loss of our 
pastor, Bro. Fasnacht, and family, who are leaving on account of 
Sister Fasnacht's health.' They will locate at Twin Falls, Idaho.— 
Mrs. M. E. Oswalt, Outlook, Wash., Jan. 2. 

Whitcstone congregation met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. M. F. 
Woods presiding. Officers were elected as follows: M. F. Woods, 
elder; C* E. Holmes, assistant; Sister Ruth Woods, clerk; Sister 
Freda Ries, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. John Ries; Sister Grace Stiver son, Cradle Roll 
superintendent; Sister Myrtle Hawkins, missionary secretary; Breth- 
ren Ivan Hawkins and Ed Thomas, church trustees. The church 
decided to hold a revival meeting and appointed a committee to 
secure a minister. A consecration service was held on Sunday morn- 
ing for the new officers and Sunday-school teachers. At the close 
the Willing Workers' Class sang their class-song. On New Year's 
Eve the house was filled with members ajid friends who enjoyed a 
song service. Our church is small but it is growing. Four have 
been added by baptism since our last report.— Freda T. Ries, Tonasket, 
Wash., Jan. 3. ■ 

Yakima church met in regular business session Dec. 6. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were chosen for the coming year. Bro. 
R. C. Hollinger is our general Sunday-school superintendent, and the 
department superintendents are Bro. Robert Faw, Sister Cora Nead 
and Sister R. C. Hollinger. It was decided to retain Bro. Sutphiu as 
pastor for another year. The Sunday-school rendered a program 
on Christmas Eve, which was enjoyed by a large audience. We are 
aiming to have a series of meetings about Conference time, hop- 
ing to get an evangelist from tho East, who will be at the Con- 
ference. We held our consecration services Dec. 31 for all the of- 
ficers chosen for the coming year.— Mabel Clark, Yakima, Wash., 
Jan. 4. 


Bluefield church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Levi Garst in 
charge. Church and Sunday-school oflicers were elected as follows: 
Bro. S. A. Kahle, Sunday-school superintendent; Mrs. A. L. Mc- 
Daniel, clerk; J. C. Dixon, " Messenger " agent; the writer, cor- 
respondent. As the treasurer's report showed the church facing a 
deficit, it was unanimously decided to adopt the envelope system. 
Out work here has been seriously handicapped on account of the 
railroad strike, but things are gradually adjusting themselves. Dur- 
ing the past year the Lord has wonderfully blessed us, as a church. 
Thirty-seven have been added to our membership— thirty by baptism 
and seven by letter. One was claimed by death. A few have moved 
away on account of strike conditions.— Mrs. C. E. Boone, Bluefield, 
W. Va., Jan. 4. 

Brookside.— We reorganized our Sunday-school Jan. 7, with Breth- 
ren Roy Shillingburg and John Wotring superintendents. Our school 
increased in numbers last year— especially the little folks. We hope 
for a better attendance this year by the pafents. We gave a treat 
to fifty-seven of the primaries and juniors at Christmas. Our 
collection on Thanksgiving was. $32.82 for missions,— Mrs. John 
Wotring, Brookside, W. Va., Jan. 8. 


Three Systematic Courses by Correspondence 


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E. S. Young, Prea. 


Dept. 40, Claremont, Cal. 


The highest attainment in life is the build- 
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deavor to decide first of all what shall be the 
purpose, all desiring success but realizing finally 
that no true success is possible without CHARAC- 
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interestingly told in these pages. The author 
reports it as secretary of the club. Sparkling 
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is worthy of a lengthened study by a group or 
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Revised Minutes of Annual Meeting 

For several years there has been pressure for a book of Revised Minutes of An- 
nual Meeting and for the past few years a committee appointed by Conference 
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The book contains all decisions of Annual Meeting that have not been an- 
nulled by it and as such is authoritative. Neither time nor pains were spared by 
the committee in the work of revising. 

We are glad to announce that we are now ready to ship books immediately. 
Our announcement in the catalog has brought us quite a number of advance or- 
ders which have now been filled. 

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Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.u.6: io ; Luk.ii,2 

" Till we all attain unto . . 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 

Vol. 72 

Elgin, 111., January 27, 1923 

the suture oi 

No. 4 

In This Number 

Editorial — 

What Salvation Means to Us Now, 49 

Better Take Something Along 49 

Safe Knowledge, 49 

Do* You Know the Answer? 49 

Among the Churches 56 

Around the World 57 

The Quiet Hour ............".58 

The Forward Movement— 

We Can Give, 53 

The Foreign Missions Conference 53 

Notes, S3 

Contributors' Forum— 

Not the Person— His Need (Poem). By Edyth Hillcry Hay, 

The Courage That Conquers. By Ira W. Weidlcr 

When Is a Sermon Effectively Delivered? By Wm. Kinsey, 

"Lift Up Your Eyes." By V. F. Schwalm. ...'. 

China Today. By John W. Fox, 

Jottings From a Pastor's Joy Journal.— No. 1. By Walter 



The Round Table- 
Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond.— No. 3. By S. 

Z. Sharp 54 

Two Views of Life.— No. 4. By Elgin S. Moyer, ".".'...54 

Christian Development. By A. B. Coovcr 54 

The Road Ahead. ByLuia R. Tinkle ..,54 

Going to Church. By Eva Hinegardner 54 

Trouble's Blessings. By Chester E. Shuler 54 

Home and Family — 

A Child (Poem) 55 

The Building of the Character of Our Young People. By 
Lavinia C. Roop, 55 


What Salvation Means to Us Now 

Last week we were. looking for the reason for the 
manifest tendency to give less attention, in our preach- 
ing and writing, to the distinctive features of our 
church doctrine and practice. We found several 
contributing factors, but the main one was the fact 
that the Brotherhood's understanding of the meaning 
of religion and salvation is in process of growth. The 
church is gradually modifying its conception of what 
constitutes essential Christianity, and this carries with 
it a changing estimate of the relative importance of 
different doctrines and of the function of doctrine 
as a whole. 

But that only led us to another question: Why 
this change? Why does that general view of religion 
which characterized our earlier thinking and preach- 
ing no longer satisfy us? 

The first thing to be said is that this is not because 
we have found out that our earlier view was utterly 
false or anything like that. We have merely found 
out that it, like everything else alive, is capable of 
growth. We have become convinced that it was some- 
what superficial. It was too shallow. Salvation still 
means for us happiness in the world to come for 
which preparation must be made in this, but we see 
now that this happiness depends less on golden streets 
and freedom from physical pain than on spiritual 
kinship with God. Religion still means for us obedi- 
ence to the commandments of God, but we are com- 
ing to understand that commandments have souls as 
well as bodies, and that true obedience is concerned 
with the former as well as with the latter. 

But this is such an important phase of our subject 
that it is worthy of further thought. We are trying 
to understand better the nature of this growth in our 
religious thinking and what it has to do with our 
attitude toward various points of doctrine. 

As for the great question, what it means to be 
saved, keeping out of the lake of fire and brimstone 
and sitting on the banks of the crystal river, eating 
twelve kinds of fruit, are no longer the primary ele- 
ments in our idea of it. They are incidental consid- 
erations, very pleasant indeed to contemplate, but in- 
cidental and secondary because they pertain to the 
accompaniments or consequences of salvation, rather 
than to the thing itself. That thing is an inner spirit- 
ual state and not any sort of outward environment. 

And when we think mostly or first of these attendant 
features, the beautiful- picture is likely to dazzle our 
eyes, so that we can not see the essential thing at all. 
To be saved is to be healed. It is to be made 
spiritually sound. It is to have the self, the person- 
ality, restored to a normal, healthy condition. This 
is the essence of salvation. Everything else is inci- 
dental or resultant. The happy state in the world 
to come, in a delightful environment, is a necessary 
consequence and a matter that need give us no concern 
whatever, if the spiritual health in this world has been 
properly cared for. Salvation is spiritual healthful- 

And we are not left to guess or wonder what sound 
spiritual health is. We know. A good sign is an 
appetite for the things of God, a great love for all 
that he delights in and a great loathing for every- 
thing that he abhors. And our knowledge on this 
point is complete through the revelation of Jesus 
Christ. In him God was manifest in the flesh. To 
have the spirit of Jesus Christ, therefore, is to have 
fellowship with God and the highest possible measure 
of spiritual soundness. 

The importance of this point for our present pur- 
pose lies in this that our conception of the nature of 
salvation determines at once our conception of the 
nature of religion. If salvation is a state of good 
spiritual health, then the function of religion is the 
creation and development of that state. And the 
beliefs and practices of our religion must tend to the 
creation and development of that state. But that 
state is one in which the spirit of Jesus Christ con- 
trols the life. Our doctrinal formulas, then, and or- 
dinances — everything, in fact, belonging to the expres- 
sion of our religion — will have this for their aim — 
enthroning Jesus Christ in the soul and making his 
spirit dominant in all the relations of life. 

In the light of this development in our thinking, a 
shifting of emphasis in our teaching was inevitable. 
It was not only inevitable but highly desirable that 
a good deal of the energy, once expended in expound- 
ing the correct physical method of doing certain things, 
should now be given to setting forth the spirit in which 
they should be done, that is, their meaning and mes- 
sage for spiritual ^upbuilding. It was inevitable, also, 
that we should discover in the Bible some command- 
ments which had formerly escaped our notice, and 
these new discoveries would naturally come in for a 
good deal of attention. And it was inevitable, further- 
more, that we should awake to the fact that both 
Jesus and his apostles had more to say, much more, 
very much more, about other things than about our 
distinctive features. It is not such a great wonder 
then, after all, if our preachers and writers should 
begin to follow their example. 

Now it is quite possible, even probable, that in 
making such a transition as this, some real values 
are in danger of being lost. Reaction from one ex- 
treme to another is the general law. But our first 
duty is to understand the case. Prescription without 
diagnosis is very apt to miss the mark. 

Better Take Something Along 

When you get out into the desert it becomes a 
real question what you are going to live on, if you 
should happen not to have taken anything along. 

It is not very pleasant to face the prospect of old 
age when you haven't saved up anything for physical 
sustenance. It is even more pathetic to face that 
prospect when you haven't stored up anything for the 
soul to feed on. 

Some people become very miserable when, through 

the infirmities of advancing years, they are no longer 
able to mingle with the world's busy life. They are 
peevish and sour and fretful because they have brought 
nothing along to live with— no storehouse of material 
for spmtual contemplation. There are others-what 
a joy to know them— whose happiness and sweetness 
seem to increase with the years. 

These last may have little enough of physical sub- 
stance but they have cultivated such a richness of 
spirit that, like a great Christian of the early church 
m like conditions, they " have all things and abound " 
A wilderness and a solitary place would be glad for 
them, for they can make a desert rejoice and blossom 
as the rose. __^^^_^ 

Safe Knowledge 

" The more you know, the more you want to 
know," is sometimes spoken in illustration and even 
reproof of the folly of trying, by continued study, 
to satisfy one's thirst for knowledge. But as long 
as one feels that the object of his pursuit is still 
beyond him, there is at least no danger that his knowl- 
edge will hurt him. It is the man who thinks he 
has "arrived" that does the mischief. 

Look at Paul saying to his friends, in his old age, 
" That I may know him." That was still his main 
ambition. Always pursuing, never obtaining— but 
didn't Paul know Christ? If not, how can any of 
us ever hope to know him? 

What he knew of Christ, only helped him to see 
how much there was to know. What he knew was 
as nothing compared with what there was to be known. 
No danger from pride or self-conceit there. 

But there is knowledge and knowledge. There is 
knowledge for the sake of knowing and there is 
knowledge for the sake of doing something worth 
while with it. What did Paul want with his knowl- 
edge of Christ? 

" That I may know him and the power of his resur- 
rection," he said. So there is the knowledge that is 
information and the knowledge that is power. And 
Paul wanted the power, more and more power. 

It is quite possible to know much about Christ and 
still know nothing of real value— and still not know 

Do you want to know him? Do you want the power 
which comes from such knowledge? Test it out this 
way: Do you, like Paul, want also to know "the 
fellowship of his sufferings " ? Do you want any 
part in that? Do you want to become "conformed 
unto his death " ? As he laid down his life for you, 
so do you want to lay down your life for the brethren? 

Do You Know the Answer? 

The property across the street changed hands. A 
new family moved in. Where did they come from? 
What kind of folks were they? Would they be a 
menace to the community or an asset? These were 
the questions in every mind and in some mouths. 

Then somebody found out that the new folks went 
to church and Sunday-school. More than that: They 
had Bible reading in the home, and prayer. And they 
taught the children to memorize and recite verses of 
Scripture. Question : Why is it that the whole neigh- 
borhood felt easy after that? 

O, we have heard all about the hypocrites in the 
church and the preachers who go bad and the deacons 
who make loud prayers and cheat their neighbors. 
And how tiie church is decaying and no longer has any 
influence and all that. But that question calls for an 
answer just the same. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


Not the Person — His Need 

Oh, think not so much of the person, 
But think of the person's need. 
There's time enough later for details — 
Oh, slight not the souls who plead. 
Perhaps they are sinful and wayward — 
Perhaps they are downright bad— 
But you lose a blessing, my brother, 
In refusing to make them glad. 

Now, now, is the time to plant goodness 
Down into the vilest heart; 
And kindness is NEVER lost, brother,— 
If you havn't tried yet, MAKE A START! 
Who knows what the future is holding— 
Or where your kind service will lead? 
So. think not so much of the person, 
But think of the penon'i need I 
Goshen, Ind. . » . 

The Courage That Conquers 


Christian courage is that power given from above 
which enables a man to do that which God wants 
him to do. Historians would have us believe that real 
courage is mainly displayed in personal combat, or 
under the test of shot and shell on a modern battle- 
field. If we are to consider elemental physical cour- 
age or power of endurance only, these tests might 
well suffice. However, I maintain that in God's own 
revelation we are shown a higher type of manhood 
and endurance which I shall call spiritual or God- 
given courage. 

Profane history, rightly so called, takes little account 
of the ways of God and his revelation to men, but 
almost exclusively confines its scenes and portrayals 
to the so-called civilization of men — their virtues and 
deeds of valor. When profane history does not ac- 
tually ignore, it often speaks disparagingly of the 
virtues and attributes of Christian endurance, as ex- 
hibited by the saints of God, in their stand against 
the evil and wicked ways of the governments of men. 
The first notable example of this higher and holier 
courage is Noah, who, obedient to the heavenly vision, 
preached for one hundred and twenty years without 
a convert, preparing, in the meantime, the ark, amidst 
the revilings and scofhngs of the wicked and evil- 
minded men about him. What hero on the late battle- 
fields displayed half the courage of the ancient martyrs 
for the cause of Jesus Christ? What modern apostle 
of civic righteousness would give the tenth, in time 
and talent, that Noah gave to his hopeless crusade 
against a wicked world? 

Abraham, at the call of God, left all the sacred 
associations and scenes of home and kindred, to dwell 
in a strange land among a strange people. So doing, 
he exhibited a courage truly God-like and wonderful. 
His reward appeared by faith and trust in God alone, 
but at no time did he have medals of honor bestowed 
upon him, nor did he have the applause of men to 
spur him on. 

In the call of Moses we are clearly shown that God 
alone is the Inspirer and the Giver of real courage, 
but only when there is a worthy, godly cause, will 
real, sustaining courage be given a man. This courage, 
acquired at the throne of God himself, transformed 
the meek and diffident Moses into the mighty law- 
giver, prophet, and deliverer. 

God, in giving his great commission to Joshua, said : 
" Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou 
mayest observe to do according to all the law, which 
Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from 
it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest 
prosper whithersoever thou goest " (Josh. 1:7). And 
upon this implicit obedience rested the promise: " The 
Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest." 
Indeed, true courage, at all times, springs from, and 
is coincident with, obedience to God's Divine Law. 
Even as, in the time of Joshua, needed courage was 
dependent upon the strict observance of the law of 
Moses, so now, we can only have that higher courage 

from above as we submit ourselves wholly to our 
Master, Jesus Christ, our Savior. Such courage will 
manifest itself in right channels and upon proper 
occasions only. 

Even as Daniel and the three Hebrew children could 
obey God and be true to his law in the face of dire 
threats from the powers that be, so can we, in our 
day, be always true to the teachings of Jesus Christ, 
our Lord, though we be brought face to face with 
real persecution and opposition. 

In Christ's instructions to the Twelve, as he sends 
them forth, is given the real key. to Christian courage : 
" He that loveth father or mother more than me is 
not worthy of me. And he that loveth son or 
daughter more than me is not worthy of me. And 
he that taketh not his cross and followeth after 
me, is not worthy of me" (Matt. 10: 37, 38). 
Christ esteems us, as colaborers, truly worthy of 
our hire, and in return he asks of us to preach the 
Gospel of Grace and " the faith that was once for all 
delivered," and to stake our all upon the consequences 
(Matt. 10: 14). In this same commission to the 
Twelve, Christ gives us a portrayal of the all-inclu- 
siveness of the true brand of Christian courage: " And 
ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake : but 
he that endureth to the end shall be saved" (Matt. 
10: 22). 

Paul, at the end of a long life of valiant service 
for his Master, encourages Timothy with these words : 
" But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do 
the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy 
ministry. For I am now ready to be offered, and the 
time of my departure is at hand. I have fought a 
good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the 
faith: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of 
righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, 
shall give me at that day: and not to me only but 
unto all them that love his appearing" (2 Tim. 4: 5-8). 
Here Paul gives not only the source but the final 
reward of faithful Christian courage. 

The blessed reward for the faith and courage which 
endures unto the end is gloriously portrayed in Rev. 
20: 4: "And they lived and reigned with Christ a 
thousand years." Well may we say that true Christian 
courage, born of God, far transcends the courage of 
mere mortal men who have no hope in the life to 
come. Our faith and courage are not based upon 
physical prowess nor upon the psychic forces of the 
minds of men. They emanate from God himself, and 
are daily renewed at the throne of grace through Jesus 
Christ, our Advocate at the right hand of the Father. 
In deed and in truth is it our blessed privilege to say : 
"Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall 
tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or 
nakedness, or peril, or sword? As it is written, For 
thy sake we are killed all day long ; we are accounted 
as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things 
we are more than conquerors through him that loved 
us. For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, 
nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things 
present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, 
nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us 
from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our 
Lord" (Rom. 8: 35-39). 
Wilmington, N. C. 

When Is a Sermon Effectively Delivered? 


The emphasis in this question is placed upon the 
word " effectively." Not all sermons are effectively 
delivered. We have heard some real good sermons 
poorly delivered. In such cases we usually get most 
out of the sermon by taking notes. The printed 
messages of ministers with poor delivery are usually 
enjoyed more than their delivered messages. 

Some of the contributing factors in effective deliv- 
ery are: 

l. Intellectual Fitness. — The preacher, must have 
something to say. We seldom find it hard to talk, 
but sometimes we do find it hard to say something. 
Get something to say — from the Bible, from books, 
from nature, from life. " Study to show thyself 

approved unto God," with the emphasis on " study." 
Ministers must study if they would be effective. 

2. Spiritual Fitness. — There must be a spiritual 
preparation as well as an intellectual preparation. 
Thomas Fuller once said : " I have steeped this in 
tears, Lord. I once offered it dry; now I offer it 
wet." A sermon thus prepared, doubtless would be 
effective. Commune with God. Believe and live what 
you say ! Be sincere ! 

J. Physical Fitness. — The minister's physical prep- 
aration is perhaps the one most overlooked. A sermon 
can not be effectively delivered when the body is phys- 
ically tired. Keep fit physically, and you will have the 
snap. Studying the sermon late on Saturday night, 
or all Sunday morning, or all Sunday afternoon, is 
against fitness for effective delivery. Take plenty of 
sleep at all times, but especially on Saturday night! 
Don't gorge the stomach ! Get the blood in good cir- 
culation on Sunday morning ! Rest on Sunday after- 
noon 1 In a word, keep in good health 1 

4. Manner. — Have something to say, and say it. 
Don't sing it; don't read it (usually) ; don't scold it; 
don't theorize it, but say it! Articulate well! Say 
it in faith ; say it in love, in sympathy ! Speak with 
authority — the preacher is sent of God! Say it and 
quit! Says the Religious Telescope: "The speaker 
who tires us is the one who talks before he begins, 
and who keeps on talking after he has finished." 

Say it — not too low ! This may be tedious and tir- 

" It is not so much what you say 
As the manner in which you say it; 
It is not so much the language you use 
As the tone in which you convey it." 

Say it — not too loud ! Noise isn't preaching, neces- 
sarily. A young minister once put this question to 
Beecher : " When you are forced to preach without 
preparation, what do you do?" Beecher smiled and 
answered : " I holler." 

There was once a celebrated minister who, in 
his early ministry, was very boisterous in his man- 
ner of preaching. He suddenly changed his whole 
manner in the pulpit to a mild and dispassionate mode 
of address. On being asked why he changed, he 
replied : " When I was young, I thought it was the 
• thunder that killed the people ; but when I grew wiser, 
I discovered that it was the lightning. So I deter- 
mined, in the future, to thunder less and lighten more." 

Some one has said: 

" Begin low, 
Talk slow, 
Rise higher 
And take fire." 

The little quatrain has some merit about it. Some 
preachers start in too high, and when they get warmed 
up they squeak beneath the rafters. 

There is much in the manner. St. Francis de Sales 
said : " You may utter volumes, and if you do not 
utter them well, it is lost labor." 

5. Naturalness. — A sermon is most effectively 
delivered when delivered in the Holy Spirit— in the 
naturalness that is peculiar to the preacher himself. 
Get the message through the Spirit, and give it in the 
Spirit. Be natural, be yourself! Sermons may be 
delivered a score of different ways by as many differ- 
ent preachers, and all be effectively delivered. There 
is no one rule that can be laid down for sermon 
delivery. Each preacher must have his own rule. 
And if he will be but natural, his Spirit message will 
be delivered effectively. 

We once heard S.. D. Gordon deliver a sermon in 
a very effective way— a " Quiet Talk." But it was 
Gordon. We also once heard Billy Sunday effectively 
deliver a sermon. He was dramatic and what not? 
But Billy Sunday's method will not work with Gordon, 
and vice versa. Be natural and you will be original, 
and you will be effective in your delivery. There is 
nobody else like you. When the people see Christ 
and not you, when the minds of the people are not 
diverted from the truth by the mannerisms and the 
unnaturalness of the preacher, the sermon may be said 
to be effectively delivered. When the sermon genders 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


devotion and reverence, when it occasions good and 
persuades lives to higher and better things, the sermon 
is effectively delivered. 
New Windsor, Md. 

" Lift Up Your Eyes " 


In the greatest of his poems, Wordsworth says: 

" But trailing clouds of glory do we come 
From God, who is our home." 

In the very next stanza the poet points out that earth, 

"The homely nurse, doth all she can 
To make her Foster-child, her Inmate Man, 
Forget the glories he hath known, 
And that imperial palace whence he came." 

In order to do this, 

" Earth fills her lap with pleasures of her own." 
It is not necessary to agree with Wordsworth's 
doctrine of preexistence, in order to see the beauty 
and force of his teaching regarding earth's enchant- 

All the great religious souls of the past have left 
us their testimony regarding this matter. Jesus said : 
" Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where 
moth and rust corrupt and where thieves break 
through and steal. But lay up for yourselves treas- 
ures in heaven." Paul — than whom no one realized 
more keenly the transitoriness and futility of earthly 
possessions and satisfactions — told his disciples "to 
set their affections on things above," and to " seek 
those things that are above." St. Augustine, who had 
drunk earthly pleasures to the dregs, when he had 
once come to appreciate things eternal, asserted that 
he "refused to take comfort in anything that could 
be taken away from him against his will." 

And is this not a lesson that our age needs? How 
often do we hear the charge that our age is " mate- 
rialistic," that it is " pleasure loving," or " selfish " ! 
And what is a materialistic age but one that seeks its 
satisfactions in things that can be measured in pounds, 
with the foot-rule, or by the dollar, in things that are 
material and therefore temporal? It is not a sin to 
seek happiness, but we condemn a people who seek 
sense satisfactions and find their chief pleasure in a 
sense world. A selfish age is one that has made the 
mistake of thinking that life and happiness consist 
in the abundance of the things it possesseth — and that 
usually worldly things. To all these come the words 
of Jesus and Paul and Augustine: "Seek not your 
joys and comforts in the things of earth. Seek them 

To return to the Wordsworth figure — earth our 
" homely nurse " or foster-mother has filled her lap 
with playthings which have caught and held our atten- 
tion and led us to forget " God who is our home." 
How many are standing at her knee playing with 
this or that plaything, hardly realizing that it is a mere 
plaything — to be used for a little while, then tossed 
aside as a worn-out toy. Without being too concrete, 
may I suggest that earth seems to be finding new 
playthings with every year, with which to hold the 
attention of man. And with each new toy man forgets 
his real home. 

These enchantments of earth are so effective because 
they are all about us and press in upon us from every 
side and all the time. Through eye-gate, through ear- 
gate and every other sense organ, they make their 
appeal. With soft, enchanting music, with bright, 
glaring light, and with sweet-smelling fragrance they 
arrest and hold our attention. Only he who constantly 
cultivates the consciousness of the unseen but more 
abiding realities of life, escapes their snare. 

The greatest danger lies not in one surrendering 
the things most worth while, in an open conflict of 
worldliness with the things most worth while, but 
rather that, while doing the things that are legitimate 
and even necessary, we become engrossed in them and 
stealthily, subtly — almost unconsciously to us — these 
interests crowd out the things most abiding. Then 
we lose our grip on God and our interest in his King- 

Occasionally through some kindly Providence, God 
seems to open to us vistas, and permits us to see into 
the life of things. Then things take on their proper 
proportions. We see the verities that are eternal. 
Happy is he who, in these hours of clearer vision, 
chooses the things that are abiding and in the darker 
hours lives true to his better choice. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

China Today 

Second Prize Essay, La Votno College 

China, the ancient, the exclusive, and the hitherto 
unprogressing, is now in the convulsions of regen- 
eration and new birth. She is the land of unchal- 
lenged superlatives. She is a veritable empire of 
unparalleled opportunities, a land of unsolved prob- 
lems, of the greatest population, man-power, and 
virility in the world. The population constitutes the 
largest homogeneous group in history. Four hundred 
million people inhabit her 4,225,000 square miles of 
territory, and it is estimated that 800,000,000 souls 
will live within the borders of the empire by the close 
of the twentieth century. 

China's beginning was in the dim, prehistoric past. 
She produced statesmen, philosophers, artists and 
scholars of achievement and renown when Europe and 
America were nothing but howling wildernesses. For 
centuries she has looked down upon all other peoples 
with proud and haughty disdain, for her civilization 
was the cream of creation during centuries unnum- 
bered. Yet, in spite of her antiquity, her virile man- 
hood, her capable minds, her fertile soils, and her 
unestimated resources, she has lain in a groove, a rut, 
a tradition, for centuries, and has known no progress 
since the year 517 B. C, when the learned sage and 
philosopher, Confucius, turned the forward-looking, 
progressive minds of the nation back into the past. 
Since that unfortunate year she has lain as a sleeping 
giant, inspiring awe and apprehension in the hearts 
of all who awaited her awakening. 

It was in 1900 that the first convulsion of her quick- 
ening came. The Boxer uprising gripped all China 
and she challenged the nations of the West. She 
declared that she would have nothing to do with the 
foreigners who were trying to impose themselves and 
their obnoxious civilization upon her. But she was 
too late, for some of her young men had already 
caught the vision of a new China — of the China that 
could be! if the people would but look forward instead 
of backward. 

Since the time of her first convulsion, China has 
rapidly come into the consciousness of the good in 
other nations and also of her own failures. Her 
people are starving, her mountains are denuded of 
forests, her lands are flooded periodically by the swol- 
len rivers, her transportation facilities are but poorly 
developed, she has no social consciousness, no efficient 
government, and no soul-satisfying religion. Such 
is China's true state. To help lead aright the people 
of this land of unchallenged superlatives and unsolved 
problems, is the greatest opportunity of the Christian 
nations today. 

Quickly the aggressive Christian church caught a 
vision of the open door and began to send teachers, 
physicians, and ministers inland into the field. Schools, 
hospitals, and churches were built and the work of 
relief was energetically pushed. Last year the medical 
missionaries treated 3,200,000 patients, but, although 
this is a large number, it makes but little impression 
in a country of 400,000,000 souls. Although there 
are in China today nine missionary medical schools 
for men, three for women, and one co-educational — 
the Peking Union Medical School — they barely touch 
the outskirts of China's great physical health problem. 
Millions upon millions of sufferers are yet dependent 
upon the old school doctors who attempt to bring 
relief through potions and concoctions of old hats, 
scorpions, shells, snake's skin, leopard's eyes, and 
frog's toes, accompanied by repeated puncturings of 
the flesh by long needles. This operation is intended 
to provide a way whereby the spirits may escape, but 

it often results in most serious cases of blood poison- 
ing. They know nothing of the laws of sanitation and 
dietetics and less about scientific medicine and surgery. 
Although the physical condition of the masses is 
very acute, it is but a small part of China's ailments. 
Each year great volumes of water rush down the sides 
of denuded mountains, filling up the river beds with 
silt, overflowing the lowland country, destroying vil- 
lages, taking a toll of thousands of lives. In 1917 
the Yellow River— often called "China's Sorrow" 
—overflowed its banks, destroyed 18,000 villages and 
swept away the homes of 6,000,000 people. In the 
bitter cold of the following winter, thousands died of 
starvation and exposure. Again China's need called 
to the scientifically-trained Christian men of the west 
for aid. 

Famine, that gaunt spectre which all too often haunts 
non-Christian lands, appears also after each drought 
and severe storm. The transportation facilities are 
so inadequate that foodstuffs can not be readily trans- 
ported from a favored locality to the place of want, 
and, consequently, many starve to death, while there 
is an abundance only a few hundred miles away. 
China has but 6,000 miles of railways, which is one 
mile for 65,000 people, while the United States has one 
mile for every 360 people. Interior China, however, 
shall not always starve, for the American Locomotive 
Company is now building forty-seven Mallet com- 
pound locomotives for the Peking-Suiyuan Railway, 
which will carry supplies inland to millions of people. 
Since each of these powerful engines can do in a day, 
with but the touch of on* hand upon the throttle, 
what would take a thousand wheel-barrows many 
weeks to perform, what will be the result? 

China's physical needs are appalling, yet they are 
only a small part of her problems. For centuries the 
religious leaders have taught the people to " respect 
the gods but keep at a safe distance from them." 
Confucius did not give to them a religion. His con- 
tribution was merely a system of ethics. The instinc- 
tive longing of the soul for God was not satisfied, 
and can not be satisfied until the true God is brought 
to their knowledge. China needs industrial and scien- 
tific education, but most of all does she need religious 
education. Her vast resources of coal and iron lie 
untouched because of the fetters of superstition and 
ignorance. The knowledge of the Christ will un- 
shackle her soul, and make possible her development 
into the leading manufacturing and commercial nation 
of the world. 

Although ignorance and superstition, the degrada- 
tion of womanhood, and the lack of religious and 
social consciousness have held China in bondage for 
centuries, it shall not always be so. The time is near 
at hand when she will turn from her old, musty ways, 
and launch out on a program of progress. Which 
way will she go ? Will she become Christian, 
Mohammedan, or Atheistic? The Christians — not of 
this age but of this decade — hold China's future in 
their hands. She must be Christianized or she will 
be a greater menace after her awakening than she 
could ever have been before. 

China is veritably the " land of the open door, a 
field white unto the harvest." No greater opportunity 
ever knocked at Christendom's door, for even the 
leaders of China's thought and activities are openly 
and gladly endorsing and accepting Christianity. 
Yuan Shih-kai says : " Confucius taught man to be 
good; Jesus Christ gives men the power to be good." 
Heu Shih Chang, President of China, says: " Bib'e 
teaching did great good in China. It has converted 
numbers of people. They have become sincere Chris- 
tians, with transformed moral characters. The Bible 
is the only remedy to save China. It will cure corrupt 
officials, and instruct the people how to do righteous- 
ness. The Bible gives our people greater power for 
moral uplift and spiritual enlightenment. It will not 
fail in the struggle for moral perfection. 

General Li Yuan Hung says : " Missionaries are 
our friends. 1 am strongly in favor of more mis- 
sionaries coming to China to teach Christianity. We 
shall do all we can to assist them, and the more 

(Continued on Page 58) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


■ Write wliat (lion 


The First Church of the Brethren met in regular council 
Dec. 15, with Eld. David Byerly in charge. Two letters 
were read. Officers for the year were elected as follows: 
Elder, David Byerly; church clerk, Fred Williams; corre- 
sponding Secretary and "Messenger" agent, Velma Mc- 
Afee; Sunday-school superintendent, E. A. Snider; Adult 
Christian Workers' president, Velma McAfee. 

The matter of reorganizing the Christian Workers' 
Meeting was discussed and it was decided to have an 
adult and a junior meeting. Miss Mary Cook was elected 
president of the Junior Christian Workers. They are 
going to study on Sunday evenings "Junior Folks at 
Mission Study, India," by Sister Nora Berkcbile. 

A Ministerial Committee was also elected. The ques- 
tion of finances was discussed, and it was decided to 
elect a finance committee, to make out a budget for the 
coming year, and then to use the weekly envelope system. 

Christmas was a great season for the church. The 
regular Christmas program was given on the morning 
of Dec. 24 by the children, followed by a story of the 
■'First Christmas Tree" by the pastor, Bro. Ralph R. 
Hatton. In the evening, Bro. Hatton preached on the 
subject "Waiting for Jesus," after which an offering of 
$18.12 was taken for the Italian Mission in New York City. 

During the Christmas season, our pastor, in cooperation 
with our neighboring Presbyterian pastor, issued a church 
paper of sixteen pages, called the " East Side Herald." It 
was issued as a Christmas greeting, and was very much 
appreciated bv the people of the community. The work 
is growing, both in the Sunday-school and church. Broth- 
er and Sister Hatton spend much of their time visiting 
in the homes of the community, and their work is telling 
in the attendance and interest. Miss Velma McAfee. 

These are all vital questions of today and worthy the 
notice and thought of all. While the spiritual and intel- 
lectual features were emphasized during our meeting, the 
physical needs were not neglected, but were' well provided 
for through the hospitality of the members of the Minot 
church. The association and the uplift of the meeting 
were fine throughout and an inspiration to all privileged 
to attend. 

At this meeting we decided to permit all who had a 
desire to enjoy the associations and discussions of our 
programs — even members of the laity — to be with us dur- 
ing at least a part of our future meetings. 

Our next meeting is to be held in Surrey, N. Dak., at 
10 A. M., April 2, 1923— Easter Monday. 

Berthold, N. Dak. Joseph D. Reish, Secretary. 


The first Monday of December, 1922, the Mission Board 
of our District met in regular year-end meeting, and in 
harmony with the usual custom apportioned to the 
churches the $8,000 budget, approved by District Meeting. 
Not long after that meeting the Secretary of the board 
notified by letter all the churches of their apportionment, 
and stated that the first quarter of the same was due Jan. 
1, 1923. Judging by the response (or mostly lack of re- 
sponse) the secretary is wondering if a great number of 
the letters went wrong in the mails. Either that or they 
have not received adequate attention at the hands of the 
churches and church officials. 

Now, dear brethren, this is not good business. We 
jointly assumed this obligation in October, at District 
Meeting, and did so only after careful consideration. Not 
to respond, even by letter, to state what can or can not 
be done by the churches, puts your Mission Board in a 
very precarious situation. But that is not the worst. We 
have men working for us who have just left school and 
have school debts. If we do not pay them, how can they 
continue their work? And we dare not borrow more 
money now. What shall we do? Can you not respond 
in some way? 

These are hard times and we (many of us) have debts 
we can not meet at once, when they come due, but we 
(most of us) do not think of simply "ignoring" a "state- 
ment" from a creditor that a note is due. Is God's work 
not worthy of that much consideration at our hands? 

The Board would indeed be glad for some sort of a 
response, and earnestly pray that the work (your work, 
God's work) may go forward. " Come now, let us reason 
together." Something must be done, or souls, for which 
we are responsible as a District, will be lost. And let 
us not only "reason together," but also "pull" together. 

Conway, Kans. ^^. E. F. Sherfy. 


The Tenth Ministerial Conference for the Central Group 
of Churches of the District of North Dakota and East 
Montana convened in the home of Brother and Sister 
Chas. Garvey, in Minot, N. Dak., at 2:45 P. M., Jan 8, 
1923. All who comprise our present ministerial force, 
were in attendance; also two deacons and several official 
sisters. The program was both interesting and profitable 
to all present. It was one of the best, if not the best, 
meeting of its kind we have yet enjoyed in our group of 

The following topics were discussed at length — first by 
an assigned speaker, and then followed by a general dis- 
cussion. The topics show the breadth of thought covered 
during the two sessions conducted: "Duty of Laity to 
Increase Efficiency of Ministers," "The Unscripturalness 
of Ministers Complying with the Whims and So-called 
Needs of the Day," " Disregard of Convictions Because the 
Majority Are Against Them," "Development of Rever- 
ence in Worship," "The Rural Church and Her Opportu- 


Nov. 6 Brother and Sister W. R. Miller began a series 
of illustrated lectures on Palestine and the Orient, and 
continued each evening throughout the week. Bro. Miller 
delivers these messages in such a pleasing and forceful 
manner that all who hear him are strengthened in the 
Word and inspired to do more for him, who spent his 
earthly ministry in that land. 

Nov. 19 Brethren M. R. Zigler and W. J. Hamilton vis- 
ited our church in the interest of home missions. Each 
delivered a strong message on the home and District 

During the absence of our pastor in revival meetings, 
the last two weeks of November, Brethren D. F. Shu- 
maker and L. G. Shaffer ably filled the pulpit. 

The Sunday-school rendered a program in keeping with 
the Christmas spirit Dec. 22. An offering of over $60 
was taken for the Brooklyn Italian Mission. Dec. 31 
Bro. W. J. Hamilton, our Field Director, conducted the 
installation services for the church and Sunday-school 
officers for 1923. 

The Men's Bible Class arranged a lyceum course for the 
winter, the first number being given Dec. 9 by Dr. A. B. 
Van Ormer, of Juniata College. He delivered a strong 
message on the subject, "Life's Dreams." Dec. 27 the 
Men's Glee Club of Juniata College delighted a crowded 
house with their splendid concert. Feb. 9 the Adelphian 
Quartet of this city will give the third number. 

Our young people's and junior Societies, organized in 
October, are growing in interest and attendance. One 
was baptized recently. .We expect Bro. F. F. Holsopple, 
of Hagerstown, Md., to be with us in a series of meetings, 
beginning March 5. At our recent business meeting one 
letter was received and three were granted. Bro. W. B. 
Harshbarger was reelected superintendent of the Sunday- 
school; our pastor, Bro. D. P. Hoover, elder; the writer, 
"Messenger" correspondent. • Mrs. Wm. Parks. 

Johnstown, Pa. 

Are you interested? 

You may remember that mention was made in the 
" Messenger," some time ago, of a meeting of the Hymnal 
Revision Committee and the General Music Committee. 
As stated in that item, the work done during the three- 
day session was regarded by the committee as at least 
a good beginning. Different phases of the task needing 
further attention were assigned to sub-committees, who 
are to make reports to the next combined meeting, which 
is to be April 18, 1923. The new Hymnal — for as it looks 
now it will be more nearly "new" than "revised" — will 
be for the Brotherhood at large, and it was considered 
that opportunity should be given to any who are inter- 
ested to offer suggestions. Accordingly the secretary' of 
the Music Committee was instructed to make mention of 
this in the "Messenger." Concerning one matter, espe- 
cially, are the desires of our people generally requested — 
shall the music be in round notes or character notes, or 
both? Suggestions regarding any other features of the 
book will be welcomed and considered, though no assur- 
ance is given that all will be accepted, for that might be 
impossible, even if desirable. 

All communications, relative to this matter, should be 
addressed to the undersigned, and should reach him 
before the next meeting, April 18, 1923. 

In behalf of the Committee,.' 

923 Larkin Avenue, Elgin, 111. William Beery. 


To be held at Osceola, Iowa, Jan. 31, at 1:30 P. M. and 
6 P. M. 

1. How May We Develop a Greater Degree of Spirit- 
uality in Our Members? — F. A. Garber. 

2. Is Our Present Way of Preaching, Meeting the Needs 
of Our People ?— M. A. Whisler. 

3. Should Pastors Be Employed Where There Are Resi- 
dent Ministers? If so, How Best Utilize the Home Min- 
istry? — H. F. Caskey. 

4. The Relation of the Minister to the Social Activities 
of the Church. — A. L. Sears. 

5. Is the Church Discipline Obsolete? If Not, Give 
Method of Procedure. — A. Senger. 

6. Have We Been Doing Our Part in Recruiting the 
Ministry? — H, K. Rogers. 

7. Is the Trend in Worldliness in the Church Due to 
Inclination and Environment Or Lack of Teaching? — 
Leander Smith. 

8. What Kind of Sermons Should Be Preached? (a) 
Length, (b) Nature, (c) Delivery. A General Discussion. 

A cordial invitation is extended to the ministers of the 
adjoining congregations to be with us. 

Committee, Orlando Ogden, Leander Smith. 


The Bible Institute of La Verne College, La Verne, 
Calif., will be held Feb. 4-11. 

Feb. 4, 11 A. M., Sermon.— D. W. Shock. 7 P. M., Ser- 
mon — Fred A. Flora. 

The regular instructors and their daily periods are as 
follows : 9 : 30 A. M., Bible Study.— H. A. Brubaker ; 1 : 30 
P. M., Bible Study (except Thursday), J. P. Dickey; 2:15 
P. M. (except Thursday), the Teaching Program of the 
Church. — J. B. Emmert; 3 P. M., Discussion, Problems of 
Religious Education. — Ezra Flory. Chapel at 11:10. 

Other speakers as follows: Feb. 5, 10:20 A. M., Chris- 
tian Leadership.— S. J. Miller. 7 P. M., Christ and the 
Home and Community. — Jacob Funk. 

Feb. 6, 10:20 A. M., Christ and Urban Life.— Jacob 
Boaz. 7 P. 'M., Christ and the Church.— M. S. Frantz. 

Feb. 7, 10:20 A. M., Christ and Rural Life.— J. A. Smelt- 
zer. 7 P. M., Christ and World Affairs.— C. E. Davis. 

Feb. 8, 10:20 A. M., Christianity and Modern Life.— 
A. 0. Brubaker. 1:30 and 7 P. M., Special Conference 
on the Program 6f Christian Education. 

Feb. 9, 10:20 A. M„ Christianity and Mormonism.— 
W. I. T. Hoover. 7 P. M., Christ and Material Wealth 
(Illustrated). J. B. Emmert. 

' Feb. 10, 10:20 A. M., The Challenge of America to 
Christianity.— Dr. C. E. Arnett. 7 P. M., Sacred Concert. 

Feb. 11, 11 A. M. and 7 P. M., sermons. 


Perhaps the best Conference of the kind was held at 
North Manchester Jan. 16-18. There were four repre- •* 
sentatives from Northeastern Ohio, six from Southern 
Ohio, nineteen from Middle Indiana, seven from Northern 
Indiana, four from Southern Indiana, one from Michigan, 
besides a large number of teachers, superintendents, 
ministers and others. The usual program was followed, 
beginning, however, with the home and ending with the 
program of the District. There were no long speeches. 
No effort was made to make it an Institute. 

The most informal and homey fellowship was expe- 
rienced, as active leaders sat studying and praying about 
the tasks that lay before them in every phase of church 
activity. Some declared that it was the most helpful 
meeting they had ever attended. Many a worker said: 
"I feel that my task is an entirely new one and that I 
have not yet touched my problem." Others declared they 
were going back and, by the help of God, would try to 
enlist more people in the service that lies about them 

The moments during intermission were crowded full 
of conferences for those who desired help in their particu- 
lar fields. One of the touching things is always the one 
that is urged by the many consecrated young people, who 
come asking: "If I make thorough preparation, will the 
church have a place for me? " Here lies one of the chal- 
lenging tasks of the church today. We have an army of 
young people, who desire to give their lives in a way by 
which they will count for the most good. How shall we 
set them to work and induce them to dedicate their all 
to the service of the church? 

We wish many more might have been in attendance, 
but from the beginning the desire was to have key-people; 
who might confer and then carry the work to others in 
their different localities. May the Lord bless the meeting 
in which he was so potently present! Ezra Flory. 

Elgin, 111. ^^ 


There is a need for an outfit of playground apparatus 
for our children at the Home, in order that they may 
have proper exercise and recreation. We have nineteen 
boys and eleven girls at present. Donations from in- 
dividuals, Aid Societies, or local congregations will be 
gladly received and greatly appreciated. All funds should 
be sent to the secretary, who will receipt for the same. 
Any questions for further information will" be gladly 

Each Christmas the people of the surrounding com- 
munity of the Home gladly see to it that each inmate, 
both old and young, gets a nice gift. Now it is quite 
fitting that those* not so conveniently located, respond 
to this need. May we hear from quite a number, so that 
the children may be delighted and benefited, and that 
the name of the Lord be magnified, is the wish of your 
humble Board of Trustees. S. S. Brubaker, Secretary. 

Virden, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 



America has had a long 6ght to get rid of liquor, 
and there is also a fight on in India. No one is more inter- 
ested in seeing prohibition than the Hindus and many of 
the Mohammedans. The temperance cause in our own 
mission has not been neglected, by any means, for much 
effort has been put forth and these untiring efforts are 
bearing fruit as we naturally expect. 

For the present, Rajpipla State has little doing, but 
it is to be hoped that everywhere this cause will be well 
pushed and that there will be much doing. Bro. Hoffert 
has kept the fires burning and because of his success and 
leadership, the national Blue Ribbon Association has 
chosen him as its National Superintendent. With an Indian 
helper he has been doing considerable work with the 
magic lantern, not only in our own mission but elsewhere. 

We are hoping soon to have a song book with only 
temperance songs, which seem to be in great demand. It 
will not likely be ready before April 1. In the meantime, 
others are composing and giving us material. Four of our 
boys, as well as one of the workers, gave, in public, songs 
they had composed along the temperance line, which took 
very well. 

Last week, Nov. 20-22, was held an all Gujerat Temper- 
ance Conference, which was an extraordinary success. It 
was the most successful gathering of its kind yet held in 
these parts, wherein all cla'sses and castes took part. No 
one was excluded and as a result the city of Nadiad gave 
us a large crowd every day. We had a good attendance 
also at the evening sessions, in the city gathering place, 
known in this land as the Darmshalla, or charity hall. 
Nearly every good-sized town or city has one such place, 
which is always given free to such public meetings. 

In Nadiad the Methodists (American) have a large and 
beautiful church, but fearing that non-Christians would not 
come to that place so well, it was deemed best to go to the 
Darmshalla. Usually the people sit on the floor, so all 

seating arrangements had to be made by carrying chairs 
from various places. 

The speakers on the program were from Hindu, Jewish, 
Mohammedan, Christian and missionary circles. Among 
those from our mission, who spoke, were: Ida C. Shu- 
maker, I. S. Long and A. T. Hoffert. Bro. Long was asked 
to tell us- whether prohibition in America is a success and 
all were highly pleased with the proofs he brought forward. 

India is looking forward with great anticipation to pro- 
hibition. She patterns much after America, and looks up 
to her, especially for this step she has taken to rid herself 
of the worst of enemies. 

The following are some of the topics discussed: "Need 
for United Action," "Essentials of Temperance Reform," 
"Means and Methods of Temperance Work among Chil- 
dren and Young People," "Temperance Work among Vil- 
lage People," "Temperance Work among Laboring 
Classes," "Temperance Work by Literature and the Press." 

The National President of the W. C. T. U. was also 
present and added much to the interest and success of 
the Conference. She called a meeting of the W. C. T. U. 
and helped us to get a better start in the work among the 
women. Two Indian women of our own mission were 
present as delegates— one from Dahanu and one from 

The meeting was closed in a very appropriate way by the 
chairman. Though a Hindu, he called for a missionary to 
come forward and lead in prayer, saying: "We will all 
help to pray" — which was done by the entire audience of no 
less than six hundred people, following him, sentence by 
sentence, through his prayer, aloud. The chairman gave 
some splendid testimonies from Christianity in his final 
speech, and all rejoiced that so many different classes of 
people could unite their efforts for a cause which is a needy 
one, especially for the backward classes in this land. 

Anklesvar, India. Sadie J. Miller. 

The Forward Movement Department 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Director 


C. H. SHAMBERGER, Aubtent 

We Can Give 

A week ago we were discussing hard times. Our 
conclusion and admissions were, that there had been 
times when money was much easier obtained ; that 
we gave more during that time; that at least one 
industry showed that the people of the United States 
have money to " give " when they really want to ; and 
that the farmer had been hard hit in the present eco- 
nomic uncertainty. When we closed, we were asking 
whether or not we could really give and something 
was mentioned about budgets and general church 
work. • 

Let's get out of the region of generalities and take 
something specific. Can we really give to the budget 
for general church work, and if so, how much? 

Right here we want to insert an extract from a 
letter which came the other day : 

"For the check of $3.65, please give the credit to Sister 

, Pittsburgh, Pa., Western District. This widowed 

sister puts a penny a day away, each year, for missions. 
She has no income — only what is given her — but she finds 
joy in what little she can give to the Lord." 

We do not know any more about this gift, or giver, 
than you do, but we believe the answer to the ques- 
tion that has been asked is couched in the principles 
back of this gift. If that spirit of giving were to 
grip the Brotherhood, we would see a new day in 
the church. And what are the principles included 
in the gift? First, she was systematic. Every day 
she put aside a penny. It was a small amount each 
day, but the check for the year was $3.65. If every 
member of the church in America would have done 
as well, we would have raised over $400,000, instead 
of less than $150,000. 

Many a person, who would scoff at the littleness 
of a penny a da} r , gives less than $3.65 in a year. We 
have a long way to go before we learn the possibilities 
of small amounts, contributed regularly. 

In the second place, if we understand the letter 
correctly, she gave out of her living. In a series of 
articles, to appear later, a student of 'economics and 
stewardship contends that the church can not be 
financed unless we do give out of our living. He 
deals with the question of the standards of living 
which most of us have set up, and concludes that the 
church program can only be financed if we deny our- 

selves some of the things we want, and put the price 
thereof into the treasury of the church. 

If we would form the habit of systematic and pro- 
portionate giving, and be willing to take a little out 
of our living for the work of the church, we could 
give, even in times like these, and even though we 
are mostly farmers. And an adequate amount of 
money for all phases of church work will only be 
available when we quit thinking what others ought 
tp give, and take ourselves definitely in hand, and say, 
" As an individual I am going to assume my share 
of the financial program of the church, whether I 
am able to give little or much." 

We can give. , < 

The Foreign Missions Conference 

The Foreign Missions Conference of North Amer- 
ica met in its thirtieth annual meeting at Bethlehem, 
Pa., Jan. 9-12. This is a Conference of the Boards 
and missionaries, representing the evangelical Protes- 
tant churches of Canada and the United States. To 
keep the meeting within the bounds of practical use- 
fulness, the attendance is by ticket only, proportioned 
among the various mission agencies as indicated by 
their annual appropriations. The 303 delegates pres- 
ent, represented about sixty missionary agencies. 

It is a conference where the facing and the acknowl- 
edgment of difficulties are frankly met — where plans 
and methods of mission work and administration are 
freely discussed — where the spiritual, educational and 
industrial needs of the work are earnestly considered. 
While there are always some outstanding addresses, 
and periods of most heart-searching devotion, yet the 
time is given in a large way to the problems of the 
field and missionary administration. 

Such problems as the vital things in the missionary 
program and message, how far to encourage native 
control and direction of the mission churches, the 
proper kinds of education in the mission fields, the 
proper proportion of emphasis on education and evan- 
gelism in mission work, the relation of missions to 
the various governments under which we work, the 
importance of understanding the native mind in the 
presentation of the Gospel, present conditions in the 
various mission lands, and many others, were freely 
discussed. It was refreshing to hear the emphasis 

placed upon the vital things of our Christian faith 
by these missionary leaders; also to see the sacri- 
ficial courage and humble devotion upon the part 
of those at home and on the field. 

One Board reported that they had worked for nearly 
a hundred years among the Turks who have been 
persecuting the Armenian Christians, with the result 
that during that time they have lost more than two 
million dollars' worth of property and that three- 
fourths of their Christians have been either killed or 
driven away, and the rest discouraged. They still, 
however, believe it their duty to pray and work on! 
We felt that if men will live, give and die with that 
outlook, what ought we to do. since our missions, 
thus far, have been so eminently fruitful ! This week's 
reports say that eighty-four were added to one of our 
churches in China, and fifty to one in India. 

Among the outstanding addresses of help and in- 
spiration were those of Robert E. Speer on '" Ours, 
a Task of Hope," John R. Mott on " Augmenting 
the Forces of Leadership," James M. Speers on " Mis- 
sions from a Layman's Viewpoint," Mr. Speer' and 
Mrs. Emerick on " Conditions in the Near East " and 
that of S. M. Zwemer on " Conditions in the Moslem 
World." The latter was a frank admission of the 
difficulty of work among Mohammedans, and the slow 
progress that has been made. Then, with the appli- 
cation of the text, " We have toiled all night and 
caught nothing," to that condition, the speaker asked 
if we could say with Peter the next phrase, " Never- 
theless at thy Word we will " go back and try it again 
with the same old net. If so, there is the assurance 
of victory and of an ingathering! 

We were impressed with the fine and simple old 
hymns that were sung, the frequent use of the Lord's 
Prayer by the audience, the simple faith in Christ and 
the power of the. Gospel to save, as exemplified by 
most of the speakers. The necessity of larger self- 
sacrifice and greater diligence was urged for our task 
There was the call for a faith that peers through the 
clouds, and sees the Living Christ, and knows that 
with him there is ultimate victory. All of this marked 
the meeting with an atmosphere and emphasis— be- 
sides the many helpful methods and plans of work- 
as one that sobers and refreshes our faith in Christ 
and deepens our desire to further the work of the 
church we love into the " regions beyond." 


" Enclosed find $2.50. I am a widow, with a son 
twelve years old, and an aged father. I live isolated 
from the church, but want to send a little for the 
needy. I began to tithe more than a year ago and 
share it in this way." Who says money is not a 
sacred thing? Perhaps some of us are too close to 
the church to appreciate it! 

At the present writing the fund for the Brook- 
lyn Italian church has reached about $12,500, or about 
half of the amount that was thought necessary to com- 
plete it. There will be more! In fact, a few have 
written that other arrangements made a collection 
impossible for Christmas, but later they will make an 
offering. Two say : " At Easter." Good ! 

The Treasurer is putting in overtime, with the 
many remittances following the Thanksgiving and 
Christmas offerings, in addition to the usual heavy 
work at the end of the year. We are glad for the 
large number of churches and schools reporting. The 
amounts are not so large as to reach all the goals, 
but it is so refreshing to have everybody helping a 
little. One of the joys of giving is, that everybody 
is doing it. 

The Frederick City Sunday School started the 
idea of giving $200 to the Italian church. Then the 
pastor and his friends increased this to $700. Man- 
chester and Chicago have forwarded the $200 also. 
Pleasant View, Md., promises the same, which is as 
good as paid. Waterloo, Iowa, and York, Pa., went 
beyond this — the former making it $340 at their two 
Sunday-schools, and the latter $281.32. May the Lord 
bless all the givers and direct the work for much good ! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond 

Number Three 

The first General Conference I attended was during 
the Civil War in 1863. It was held in Blair County. 
Pa. All the people gathered under a tent, which was 
not a large one. Only a small number of young people 
attended. There were only fourteen members on the 
Standing Committee. Bro. John Kline, who was one 
of the most prominent elders in the church, was 
elected Moderator. 

The people began to assemble on Saturday. On 
Sunday there was preaching in the various churches 
of the surrounding country. On Monday the business 
session began. There were thirty queries and petitions 
before the meeting, all of which pertained to church 
polity and practices in the individual churches. There 
were then no District Meetings to sift the queries, 
and to reduce the work coming before the General 
Council. There was no mission work, no Sunday- 
school work, no Christian Workers' Society work, no 
Sisters' Aid Societies, no church publication, no 
special temperance promotion, nor were there any of 
the church activities which now engage the attention 
of our General Councils. When I compare the attend- 
ance and business of that meeting and that of the 
present, the progress made seems amazing. It shows 
how our Brotherhood has grown during the life-time 
of one man. 

When Eld. Kline opened the meeting, he requested 
that no one ask him any questions concerning the 
South, as it was then in a dreadful condition, and it 
was dangerous to discuss it. He had come to the 
Conference through the Confederate lines on horse- 
back, by picking his way through the mountains in 
bypaths. About a year later he was shot and killed 
by a Confederate, on the supposition that he had 
revealed some of the secrets of the South. Owing 
to the high esteem in which Bro. Kline was held, in all 
the Valley of Virginia, his murder was condemned 
by the public press generally. 

Not long after this, I was drafted into the army, but 
was released, as a conscientious objector, by paying 
a fine of $300. While many professed Christians 
met each other on the field of battle, and thrust the 
bayonets into each other's hearts, our Brethren, North 
and South, met each other with the right hand of 
fellowship and the salutation of the kiss of peace. 

Fruila, Colo. 

Two Views of Life 

Part IV.— Dare to Be a Daniel 

Daniel was quite human, and was subject to the 
passions of life just about as the rest of us are. Yet 
there was something about the life and manner of 
the man that makes us want to be like him. I doubt 
whether most of us would be willing to face all the 
adversities and testings with which Daniel was con- 
fronted. As far as we can discern, he was able to 
face them all with calmness, serenity, trust and opti- 
mism. As a boy, he was taken captive ; he often found 
himself in tight places; he was forbidden to worship 
his God ; he was brought face to face with death ; 
yet he met all these reverses in the spirit of real 
optimism and faithfulness. 

Early in his experiences, in Babylon, his consci- 
entious adherence to right principles led him to pur- 
pose to do right, and not to do some things that even 
the king had ordered. But he did not complain that 
the government or the authorities were hard on him, 
and were trying to coerce him against his conscien- 
tious scruples. He simply weighed the problems, pur- 
posed to do what was right, and trusted God to help 
him carry out his purposes. God did .not fail Daniel, 
and neither will he fail us when we purpose in our 
hearts to do right and trust him to see us through. 
At another time, when Daniel was brought face to 

fnce with death, by the order of the king, sentencing 
all the magicians and wise men to be slain, he boldly 
and hopefully went to the king and asked for a little 
consideration and a little more time. Such an opti- 
mistic and courageous approach could not help but win 
the king's confidence. I believe today a determined, 
God-trusting, cheerful attitude will go a long way 
toward helping us over hard places and toward win- 
ning for us the favor of good-thinking people. 

Notice Daniel's attitude, also, as he was cast into 
the lions' den. He was not fearful or complaining. 
Knowing what would happen if he would disobey 
orders, he boldly prayed to his God, as his custom 
was, and was willing to trust his God for deliverance 
from the decree of the king, or from the mouths of 
the lions. Neither the threats of the king nor even 
the thought of the hungry lions was a terror to this 
trusting man of God. 

Later on, when the people of Israel came under the 
condemnation of God, this man of faith and prayer 
humbly and trustingly brought this matter to Jehovah, 
and found relief for his people. Through his great 
faith in God and his optimistic view of life, he 
changed into a great victory for his people what would 
otherwise, perhaps, have been a great destruction. 

All these reverses, and Daniel's optimistic way of 
meeting them, only made him the stronger and better. 
God could use him because he always kept on the 
bright side, which is God's side, and allowed himself 
to be both usable and used of God. If we follow the 
same course that Daniel followed, God can use us as 
mightily as he did Daniel. Dare to be a Daniel! 

Chicago, III. -•-■ 

Christian Development 


Surely, in this Christian life, there is a beginning. 
We are all familiar with people that were once rough, 
mean and wicked, but now are kind, gentle and good 
— all this having been brought about by their accept- 
ance of Jesus as their Savior and Pattern of life. 

In this transition we notice first the individual's 
faith, then repentance, then baptism — constituting 
three phases of conversion. Then God receives the 
penitents. There is justification by faith, but as yet 
thev are not sanctified. 

It would appear that while all come to justification, 
as noted above, yet they differ much in penitence 
—some holding off longer than others. These, when 
convinced, may become, possibly, more zealous than 
others. So in sanctification, which, we know, is ef- 
fected through successive stages of growing in grace. 
Many may appear to be suddenly sanctified, as evi- 
denced by their efficiency and spiritual power. But 
it is dangerous to harbor the idea that we have reached 
sinless perfection. Perhaps we have, but let God know 
it, rather than man. As a minister recently said: 
" Some are justified, then sanctified, then petrified." 

Grant's Pass, Oregon. 

smile and nod, some look with scorn, some weep and 
reach out a hand for help. We dare not stop, we 
must move on. Some delight in the journey, others 

How is life's journey with you? Is it a real 
pleasure to live? If you find it hard and wish for the 
end, ask yourself these questions : "Do I have my 
heart set to reach the goal? Do I follow my Guide- 
Book, the Good Old Book? Do I appreciate the 
beauties and good things along the road that were 
put there to refresh and strengthen me for the race? " 
We travel the road but once. Let us make the path- 
way brighter for those who follow, and live to the 
fullest, as we press on with our Guide Book to the 
goal ! 

Portland, Ind. 

The Road Ahead 


I looked at the long, twisting and turning highway 
that lay stretched ahead, and thought how much this 
road is like life. It goes on and on — there is no end. 
It stretches on past the shady nooks and the hot, barren 
plains. It crosses the treacherous bridges and turbu- 
lent streams that intersect its path. Every now and 
then it reaches the summit of a hill, where the golden 
sunshine brightens the whole outlook, and again it 
dips down into the valley, where the shadows are deep 
and where the way seems blocked. Then, suddenly, 
we round the curve, and a new and unexpected scene 
bursts upon our sight. Sometimes the road branches 
and we know not which way to go. Then we look 
for our guide-posts and go on toward our goal. 

Sometimes these signs and guide-posts are not 
directed to the goal we see, but lead us astray and 
we waken to find that we are on the wrong road and 
must turn hack or detour. The highway is crowded. 
Some are rich, and some are poor. Some totter with 
age, some press forward with abounding youth. Some 

Going to Church 


We should appreciate our privilege, both of being 
able to go to church and having a way to go, as well 
as setting an example for our children. We should 
thank God and glorify him for these blessings that are 
ours to enjoy. Going to church is good for us and 
will influence some one else to go. You may be uncon- 
scious of it, but, nevertheless, you are keeping others 
away if you absent yourself without a real cause. Do 
not let the place you should occupy, in buggy or auto, 
on the way to church, be vacant. Sometime, all too 
soon, you may wish for a way to go. 

On a recent Sunday a sister said she would like to 
come to church every Sunday if she had a way. How 
about all the years wasted, when there was a way and 
yet we did not go? 

A young man was going to his home one Sunday. 
He came unexpectedly on the train. It was a disa- 
greeable morning and the roads were muddy, but he 
said " he looked at the church, a fourth of a mile or 
so distant, and seeing that the blinds were open, he 
knew his father would be there." So he went there 
and was not disappointed. His father was there and 
he had a way to go home. What an influence for good 
over that son ! 

We are commanded not to forsake the assembling 
of ourselves together as the manner of some is. There 
must have been people then who were not churchgoers. 

The psalmist said he was glad when they said unto 
him, " Let us go up unto the house of the Lord." 

A year or two ago I was in a small audience, when 
a visiting minister conducted the services, and he 
asked : " What is the matter? Where are the people? 
I haven't heard of any deaths lately. Are they dead? " 
Yes, let us be careful lest we be spiritually dead. 

A very small boy was asked, one Sunday, why his 
mama did not come to church. He said : " Because 
she didn't want to." What do you think God thinks 
of that? If God withheld some of our blessings and 
we could question him why, how would we feel if he 
said he didn't bless us because he didn't want to? If 
the Lord would not listen to our prayers, or if he 
would treat us as indifferently as we do hirh, how 
would we like such treatment? Let. us go to church 
and praise the Lord with our whole heart (Psa. 9: 1) ! 

Midland, Va. _»_ 

Trouble's Blessings 


Most folks try to shun trouble. They regard it as 
something to be avoided at all times. That seems to 
be perfectly natural. Yet, trouble seems to have its 
place in life. God evidently knew that his children 
would have much of it, for he has taken pains to put 
so many special promises in his Word for those in 

" For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his 
pavilion," " In the secret of his tent shall he hide me " 
(Psa. 27: 5). " God is our refuge and strength, a very 
present help in trouble" (Psa. 46: 1). 

There are different sorts of folks who get into 
trouble, various ways of getting into trouble, and 
many sorts of trouble in this life. In Psalm 107 we 
read the sad story of four different classes of folks 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


who wandered about by themselves until they were 
hopeless, and then " they cried unto the Lord in their 
trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses." 
Troubles are sometimes needed, it would seem, to 
bring one to the point where he will quit forgetting 

uallyl. and in favor with men " [socially!. This well- 
balanced life Jesus aimed to give to his followers. 
The summary of his ministry, given in Matt. 9: 35, 
says : " And Jesus went about all the cities and vil- 
lages, teaching in their synagogues [giving intellectual 

God and turn to him, and then he will so graciously help], and preaching the gospel of the kingdom [giving 

' deliver us out of our distresses." Is it any wonder 
that the Psalmist repeats, over and over again, " Oh, 
that men would praise the Lord for his goodness " ? 

When in trouble, it is sweet to know that we can 
call upon our God — to know that he has especially 
told us to do so : " Call upon me in the day of trouble : 
I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me " (Psa. 
50: 15), and " Let not your heart be troubled, neither 
let it be afraid" (John 14: 27). 

Trouble is often but God's hand pushing us back 
from some wrong and dangerous path, which we fain 
would follow. This is brought out in the following 
lines : 

"I love my child, I note his slightest need; 
I long to prosper liim in all his ways, 
To give him quiet nights and peaceful days, 
But if I do, he'll lose himself from me, 
My outstretched hand he will not wait to see; 
I'll place a hindering wall before his feet; 
There he will wait, and there we two will meet. 
I do it not in wrath for broken laws 
Or wilful disobedience, but because 
I want him nearer, and I can not wait 
For him to come, for he might wander late. 
My child will wander, will not understand, 
Still half in doubt he'll clasp my outstretched hand; 
But when at last upon my heart he leans 
He will have ceased to wonder what it means." 

Harrisburg, Pa. 


A Child 

Her voice was like the song of birds; 

Her eyes were like the stars; 
Her little waving hands were like 

Birds' wings that beat the bars. 

And when those waving hands were still — 

Her soul had fled away — 
The music faded from the air, 

The color from the day. 

— Richard Watson Gilder. 

The Building of the Character of Our Young 


The problem of raising our young people with 
character strong enough to meet present-day condi- 
tions of society, is one that many of our church leaders 
are studying. Not only is this true in our church, but 
many others, of influence with the younger generation, 
show a deep concern for the future of our nation. 
In several of the recent issues of the Literary Digest, 
many radical opinions have been expressed against 
and in favor of the young people of today, by those 
of wide experience, in every part of the United States. 
However thought-provoking such discussions may be, 
they can not be of real value unless they give practical 
suggestions for helping our young people to grow 

Think of the problems that have to be solved during 
the period of youth! Psychologists generally place 
the age between twelve and twenty-four years. It is 
the period when the social self begins to unfold within, 
and demands expression, first with the group of the 
same sex, then with individuals of the opposite sex. 
This is also the time when the spiritual life begins 
to awaken. There is an inward longing to know more 
about God, and to become intimately acquainted with 
him. If rightly directed, this leads to conversion and 
a life decision for definite service in his Kingdom. 

In order that our young people may meet life's 
problems today, and help to solve them, they must 
have every side of their lives developed. Look at 
the record of Jesus' youth, as given in Luke 2: 52, 
" And Jesus advanced in wisdom [intellectually] and 
stature [physically], and in favor with Goer [spirit- 

social and spiritual help], and healing all manner of 
disease and all manner of sickness" [giving physical 

What part of this program needs emphasis among 
our youth today? Surely the physical is well taken 
care of. Most parents spend much time and thought 
feeding and clothing their children. If sickness 
occurs, immediately they rush for a doctor. A large 
number of our public schools today provide a nurse, 
to examine the children and to report to the parents 
any physical defects. 

The intellectual side of life is almost as carefullv 
protected. Children are compelled to attend public 
school from the age of six or seven years until they 
complete the grammar grades, or until they are old 
enough to work according to the labor laws. The high 
schools are convenient and free for all, to go on with 
intellectual training. Colleges are within the reach 
of every one who desires to go farther into the educa- 
tional world. Our own denomination has a college 
in every section, to help our young people to under- 
stand the principles, upon which our church has been 
founded, and to train them for leadership in inter- 
preting the same for the world. 

Let us see whether we are as careful about the 
spiritual and social side of life as we are about the 
physical and intellectual. The church is an ordained 
institution, to care for the spiritual life of the people. 
The greatest helper of the church is the Sunday-school. 
Eighty-five per cent of its members enter through 
that door. Yet it is a fact that of all who enter the 
Sunday-school, about eighty per cent drop out before 
recognizing Christ as Savior, or in any way connect- 
ing themselves with the church, as the institution 
through which they can best give God's message of 
service to the world. 

As we examine this record of Sunday-school loss 
further, we find that the most of this loss of eighty 
per cent was sustained between the ages of twelve 
and fifteen. The reason is plain. This is the age 
when our boys and girls are beginning to develop into 
men and women. The thing they enjoyed as children 
will no longer satisfy. The spiritual and social traits 
are beginning to awaken and strive for expression. 
If they do not find a means to that end in the Sunday- 
school, they drop out and seek it elsewhere. 

Just as it was Jesus' plan to satisfy completely the 
human soul, so it is our problem to help others to 
find the satisfaction that he gives. Listen to his teach- 
ing, as Nicodemus asks how to get this eternal spirit- 
ual life: "Ye must be born again" — that is, the new 
life must begin small, and grow. Hear Jesus tell the 
rich young ruler: "Go sell what thou hast, and give 
to the poor . . . and come, follow me." He 
shows that this spiritual life comes by doing something 
beyond what the everyday life routine requires. 

The church that applies this principle to the life 
of its young people, keeps them within the fold, builds 
them up in spiritual life and sends them forth in 
service for the Master. Study the methods of those 
who have done it and see. Watch them study the 
ability of their people — begin small and help each to 
grow by doing some definite, assigned service. 

Many of our best young people are quite busy in 
planning to make their lessons interesting for their 
Sunday-school, teacher-training, or Mission Study 
Classes. They are occupied in arranging work for 
the class to do, in harmony with the message of the 
lesson. They are helping individual members to over- 
come difficulties. Doing all this, they have no time 
for card parties nor games of chance. 

Many devoted young people spend their spare time 
in practicing new songs, learning Gospel hymns, and 
arranging what would be suitable for Sunday-school, 
church, Christian Workers, prayer meeting, or for 
whatever phase of church music they are responsible. 
They have neither time nor taste for the ragtime of 

the late song-hits. The jazz of the public dance-hall 
or the common movie does not appeal to them. 

During recent years hundreds of young people have 
spent their otherwise idle summer months, directing 
and teaching Daily Vacation Bible Schools. When 
they decide on a summer trip, they go to a young 
people's conference. Besides the recreation thus 
afforded, they meet many leaders of the same work, 
and learn better methods to help their church at home. 
The more specific plans of organization help to give 
something to do to those who are not strong enough. 
smrituaHy, to lead out in teaching, singing or planning. 
For example. Sunday-school classes above twelve years 
organize and hold meetings outside of the regular 
Sunday-school session, so that every member may have 
something to do. Those who are too timid to take 
nart in a program at the regular church service, will 
begin (with a little encouragement) at a class-meeting. 
First it may only be a verse of Scripture, the next time, 
perhaps, the devotional reading, later a sentence of 
prayer, then more until committee duties can be under- 
taken. Finally full Sunday-school responsibility can 
be assumed. In the same way another person may 
timidly lead a first song at class-meeting, and keep 
on, until ahle to lead the singing at Sunday-school and 
church services. Similarly those who enjov reciting. 
often entertain groups of smaller children. They soon 
find themselves telling stories in the Primary Depart- 
ment and Junior Christian Workers' Meeting. There 
is hut one step until they are planning to teach chil- 

It can easily be seen how this matter of getting hold 
on spiritual life, through definite service, gives an out- 
let for the social instincts that are awakening. As 
service is engaged in, whatever it may be, these young 
people naturally come in contact with others. As a 
group, working their plans together, they become 
better acquainted. They learn the inward meaning 
of friendship when their longing for companionship 
is satisfied in a normal way. They have a place to 
go — something to talk about when together. They 
have plans to make and think through, when alone. 
The social hours, that are planned with the religious 
services, show young folks how to have a good time 
— the kind that does not leave a sting. 

The ideal church will have every member doing 
something. There are some churches that have one 
or two persons to whom they look for the preaching, 
teaching, singing and planning of everything that is 
done. It is good to be able to do all those things, but 
it takes a much bigger person, to he able to help others 
to do them. This is not one man's duty, nor does any 
one need to wait for a position of prominence to begin 
to help. 

Think of the young folks around you, that you are 
acquainted with. There are those whom you can 
reach in a way that no one else can touch. What 
are you doing to show them a suitable place of service, 
and to encourage them in it? With how many of 
their problems are you familiar by helping to solve 
them ? 

Those who get on the upper road with a gleam of 
the goal in view, will realize that they can not maintain 
the same degree of peace, happiness and helpfulness 
if they compromise with present-day sins. When 
asked to engage in questionable amusements, they will, 
of their own free will, refuse, because they have tasted 
things better. The way will not be easy, but it will 
lead to true joy. 

They will be like the story told of the little boy 
chasing a brightly- colored butterfly. Some one saw 
him running through a briar path and said: " Sonny. 
your legs are bleeding. Don't they hurt?" "Sure 
they hurt, but see what I'm after? " he said, and went 
on faster than ever. 

So it is with our young people. They don't natu- 
rally go wrong. If we but give them a vision of the 
goal and a reasonable means of attaining unto it. they 
will suffer the briars at their feet and keep steadily 
forward, pushing upward for bigger victories by 
accomplishing greater and greater tasks of sendee for 
Westminster, Md. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 



Calendar for Sunday, January 28 
Sund.y-.choo! Leon, The Rich Man and Lazarus.- 
Luke 16: 19-31. . 

Chri.ti.n Worker.' Mating, An Expository Stuay.- 

Psa. 107. * * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 
Forty-nine baptisms at Vyara, India. 
Two baptisms in the Manor church, Pa. 
On. baptism in the Maple Grove church, Wis. 
On. baptism in the Moxham church, Johnstown, Pa. 
Eighty-four baptisms at the Ping Ting Station. 
Two accessions to the New Philadelphia church, Ohio. 
On. baptism in the Armourdale Mission, Kansas City, 

Four baptisms in the South St. Joseph church, Mo,- 
Bro. Garrett, the pastor, in charge. 

Fiv. baptisms in the Osage church, Kans.,-Bro. O. H. 
Feiler, of Navarre, Kans., evangelist. 

El.v.n baptisms in the Olympia church, Wash.-Bro. 
C W Guthrie, of Wcnatchec, Wash., evangelist. 

S.v.» baptisms in the Washington church Kans.,- 
Bro E D. Steward, of Abilene, Kans., evangelist. 

Two were baptized and one reclaimed in the W»terford 
church, Calif.,-Bro. John Heckman, of Polo, 111, evan- 

Nin . confessions in the Chiques house, same congre- 
gation, Pa..-Bro. P.. P. Bucher, of Quarryv.lle, Pa., evan, 
gelist. , „ . 

On. accepted Christ in the Quakertown house Spring- 
field church, Pa.,-Bro. R. P. Bucher, of Quarryvllle, Pa., 

Niuete.. accepted Christ in the Pleasant Hill congre- 
gation, Tenn, Bro. A. M. Laughrun, of Jonesboro, Term., 

Thr.. were baptized and two await the rite in the 
Elsie church, Mich.,-Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette, 
Ohio, evangelist. + .j, .j. .3. 

Our Evangelists 

Will yo« share the burden v,Weh the.e laborer, carry > Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings.' 

Bro. Ralph R. Hatton, of Marion, Ohio, to begin Feb. 11 
in the Greenspring church, Ohio. 

Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa, Idaho, to begin in Feb- 
ruary in the Nezperce church, Idaho. 

Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Roanoke, Va., to begin Feb. 1 
in the Morrellville church, Johnstown, Pa. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin Feb. 
18 in the Woodworth church, Youngstown, Ohio. 

Bro. F. F. HoUopple, of Hagerstown, Md., to begin 
March 5 in the Moxham church, Johnstown, Pa. 
4> * * * 
Personal Mention „_- _. 

BroTG. S."Bat7el changes his address from Everett, Pa., 
to Boonsboro, Md., R. D. 1. 

Bro. J. W. Rogers closed his ministerial labors in the 
Pleasant Dale church, Ind., Jan. 7, and with his family 
has moved to Portland, Ind. 

Bro. E. F. Caslow, pastor of the Sterling church, 111., 
accompanied by Bro. C. W. Cosey, was a caller at the 
Publishing House on Friday of last week. 

Bro. A. J. Beeghly, pastor of the Rummel church, Pa., 
who closes his labors at that point May 1, will be avail- 
able for evangelistic meetings during May and June. 
Churches, desiring his services, will please make early 
application. He may be addressed at Windber, Pa. 

Bro. Leonard H. Root, Wctonka, S. Dak., is planning 
to put in the months of November and December, 1923, 
and January and February, 1924, in revival work. He is 
ready to arrange dates at once and churches desiring 
his services should confer with him as early as possible. 
Bro. T. A. EisenbUe, Secretary of the Committee of 
Arrangements for the Calgary Conference, desires to get 
in touch with every member of the church in the Domin- 
ion of Canada who is not living where there is an organ- 
ized church. Any one, having knowledge of such, can 
help the good cause along by notifying Bro. Eisenbise. 
He is spending the winter months at his Chicago resi- 
dence and until March should be addressed at 3446 Van 
Buren Street, Chicago. 

Bro. J. W. Lear, after three days of hard work in the 
Mount Morris Bible Institute, last week, was compelled 
to cancel the rest of his engagement on account of an 
attack of la grippe, and return to his home. This was a 
matter of great regret to all, as his discussion of pastoral 
problems and the work of the ministry in general was 
exceedingly helpful, but this feeling easily gave pre- 
cedence to concern for his health and speedy restoration 
to his usual physical vigor. 

Special Notices 

A special announcement of the Bible Institute of Blue 
Ridge College, Md., reached us just before closing the 
columns of this issue. The Institute, as already an- 
nounced, when we published the program, is to be held 
Jan. 27 to Feb. 4. Able instructors have been secured— 
which fact, together with the diversified program, should 
strongly appeal to every church worker in range of the 

Ministerial Conference. — The program committee of the 
Ministerial Conference of Group No. 1, of Northern Illi- 
nois, has decided to hold the next Conference Feb. 15, 1-4 
P. M., in the Freeport church. The following subjects will 
be discussed : (1) The Advisability and Benefits of the De- 
partmental Christian Workers' Meetings. — C. H. Gnagy. 
(2) Activities of the Model Pastor's Wife. — Sister Delia 
Erbaugh. (3) Group Supervision of Churches by an 
Efficient and Aggressive Elder. — Eld. W. U. Wagner. The 
above subjects will be open for discussion by the Con- 
ference after the assigned speakers have given their 
talks. All of the ministers, pastors, and elders, and their 
wives, in the following churches are cordially invited 
to attend and help in the discussions: Cherry Grove, 
Freeport, Hickory Grove, Lanark, Mt. Carroll, Rockford, 
Shannon, Waddams Grove, and Yellow Creek. — Program 
Committee : P. F. Eckerle, Paul Studebaker, Ivan L. 
Erbaugh, Secretary. * * 4, * 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

Churches of Southwestern Kansas, Southeastern Colo- 
rado and New Mexico will please note Bro. E. F. Sherfy's 
appeal on page 52. 

Bro. Wm. Beery's announcement on page 52, concerning 

the new Hymnal, should elicit a prompt response from 
all who are prepared to make the desired suggestions. 

Bro. S. S. Brubaker, secretary of the Children's Home, 
Girard, 111., makes a strong statement on page 52, con- 
cerning the needs of that institution. Members of South- 
ern Illinois will, we are sure, make special efforts to see 
that the needs of the children are adequately provided 

Bro. Ezra Flory 's " Report of Vacation Schools for 
1922," on page 60, will, we are quite confident, be read 
with much interest. The Vacation School has come to 
stay because it has proved its great value. A study of 
Bro. Flory's tabulation will give the various Districts 
something to think about, and incidentally it may suggest 
ways and means of more effective service. 

* * * -f 
Miscellaneous Mention 

The parsonage of the Lindsay, Calif., church caught fire 
Jan. 6, and burned to the ground with practically all the 
contents — no one being at home at the time. The struc- 
ture is to be rebuilt at once. 

Any church that has discontinued the use of "Kingdom 
Songs No. 2," and wishes to place the books where they 
will be of service to a needy congregation, will please 
communicate with Bro. A. H. Brallier, Denton, Ga. 

The new church, now in course of construction at 
Windber, Pa., is to be completed within a few months. 
The congregation is making use of an Italian sister in 
arousing interest among people of that nationality. 

* * ♦ ♦ 

A Bystander's Notes t 

Still Room for Improvement. — "The Congregationalist " 
is quoted as authority for some rather startling figures, 
concerning Protestant Sunday-schools in the United 
States. We are told that seventy per cent of the schools 
are still ungraded, though, admittedly, their efficiency 
might be vastly increased by that means. Forty-three 
per cent of the schools have fewer than one hundred 
pupils enrolled, and sixty-five per cent have an average 
attendance of less than one hundred. Eight teachers and 
five officers constitute the corps of workers in the average 

Dr. Jowett's Pleas for Peace. — In these days when wars 
and rumors of war bring sorrow and anxiety to every 
lover of peace, Dr. Jowett's call to a Christian protest 
against war should be heartily welcomed, and lead to a 
united and effective movement against the horrors of war. 
Many, also, will heartily endorse the recent utterance of 
the Archbishop of Upsala, in praise of Dr. Jowett's plea: 
"Here is a man to whom the trumpet of God has been 
entrusted, and the Lord be praised that he blew it 
mightily." Another instructive comment comes from Dr. 
Jacks, of Manchester College, Oxford, England, quite un- 
expected in its unstinted praise. This discriminating logi- 
cian puts his finger on the very point at issue. He calls 
attention to the difference between the spirit that char- 
acterized the recent religious conference at Copenhagen, 
Denmark, and the spirit that prevailed in political confer- 
ences like those of Genoa, Paris, Lausanne, and other 
places. In the former " a spirit of mutual trust arises 
spontaneously. Nationalism counts for almost nothing 
in the presence of a common faith." Quite different is 
it when the members of a political conference come to- 

gether. Self-interest rules supreme, and it is not strange 
that the former favorable conditions are entirely reversed. 
"The truth is." continues Dr. Jacks, "the world of our 
day is governed (or misgoverned) by a type of political 
machinery, too deeply wedded to a method and a spirit 
opposed to the Christian ideal, to be easily turned from 
its courses by the most impressive of Christian pro- 

Effective Evangelism. — Some one has made the perti- 
nent observation that " the church of today too often 
suffers from a superfluity of machinery in evangelism." 
Probably most of us are fully aware of the fact that the 
crying need of the church today is an increase in the 
moving and vital power of evangelism. Committees may 
devotedly and solemnly draft plans, conferences may 
earnestly map out evangelistic campaigns, evangelists 
may recount fervently how God used them mightily in 
former days, but all these things are of no avail if the 
real power is missing. Paul touches upon the heart of 
the matter when he says: "For the word • of the cross 
. . . is the power of God." Possibly our lack of de- 
pendence upon the one vital element of success in evan- 
gelism is responsible for our failure in attracting men 
to Christ and his service, as largely as we might. 

When the Offering Was Changed.— We are told about 
a pastor who, when taking a missionary offering, recently, 
felt moved to say: "I want each of you to give today 
as though you were putting your money right into the 
pierced hand of Jesus Christ." Later on he met a lady 
who said: "I was going to give a half dollar, but I did 
not do so." Somewhat surprised, the preacher queried: 
"Why didn't you do it?" Swiftly this answer came: 
"Do you think I would put a half-dollar into his pierced 
hand? I have a ten dollar bill at home, and I am going 
to give that." What would happen if Christians, the 
world over, would have the vision of the pierced hand 
of the Loving Christ? Would there be mere thousands, 
where there should be millions? Would world evangeli- 
zation be a minor issue — as too often it is — or would it 
be, to each of us, "the King's business," to be attended 
to without delay? 

The Secret of Overcoming Disappointment. — All of US, 
perhaps, feel cast down and quite discouraged occasion- 
ally. If, however, instead of dwelling upon the thought 
of these hard times, until we are morbid and unhappy, 
we would simply look around us, we would soon find some 
one who is far worse off than ourselves. Endeavoring to 
ease the hard lot of the unfortunate one, will wonderfully 
refresh us, and we will almost forget our own petty ills. 
An aged Christian lady who had suffered heavy losses 
again and again, but who never regarded herself as an 
object of pity, was questioned by one of her friends: 
"How can you be so cheerful, after having undergone so 
many misfortunes? " The aged saint wonderingly looked 
at her questioner. Then a happy smile irradiated her face 
as she said: "Praise the Lord! I never think of my own 
little worries while there are so many folks that need 
comfort." In that very thought lies the secret of rising 
superior to misfortune and disappointment, and happy is 
he who has made it his own 1 

Be Loyal to Your Own Convictions. — Truthfully it has 
been said that all that is needed to make certain people 
think you are intelligent, is to agree with them— however 
ill-advised such a course may be. It is a well-established 
fact that we have too much respect for the people who 
agree with us and too little for those who disagree with 
us. Social life is sure to run smoothly, as a rule, when 
those who think alike, get together. In a group of that 
sort, however, there is grave danger that real thinking 
will be dispensed with. Minds readily get into ruts. A 
good, vigorous opponent, who attacks your views and 
challenges your opinions, is frequently an excellent tonic. 
He obliges you to think. Do not fall into the way of 
agreeing with people, merely because such agreement will 
cause them to think well of you. Do not adopt, unchal- 
lenged, whatever opinions are floating around — merely 
because that attitude saves you the trouble of thinking! 
Be " fully persuaded in your own mind," as to +he right 
course of action, and then live up to your convictions. 

Helping a Man You Don't Like.— Yes, we all have our 
likes and dislikes, and we must admit that we are not 
as favorably impressed by some of the people we meet, 
as by others. But, after all, is that a really Christian 
attitude? What is our mission in the world? Are we to 
please ourselves — to gather around us a little circle of 
friends who are especially congenial to us? Are we to 
associate intimately with those only who please and 
charm us? Should not life— real life— be a matter of 
helpfulness? Is it not a fact that some of the most 
sympathetic friends we e*'«r made, did not attract us 
at first sight, just as we dui not attract them? We did 
not fully appreciate them until we discovered their wholly 
unselfish character— their evident sincerity. Then we 
were led to look within ourselves, and wonder as to bur 
own object in life. Is it to give or to receive — to help 
or to hinder— to appreciate or to criticise? Don't forget 
that in "helping the man you DON'T like," you are doing 
constructive work of rare merit towards your own uplift! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 



Remarkable Growth of Baptists 

According to the latest statistics, the Baptists gained a 
million members from 1918 to 1921. It took, however, 
220 years for the Baptists to gain their first million. The 
second million was obtained in twenty years, the third 
million in ten years, the fourth million in eight years, 
the fifth million in nine years, the sixth milllion in seven 
years, and the eighth million in three years. The Southern 
Baptists received 260,000 members by baptism in 1921. All 
told, the Baptists now have, in the United States and 
Canada. 8,115,445 members. While, of course, mere num- 
bers are not always indicative of denominational effi- 
ciency, a commendable church growth is, nevertheless, 
suggestive of a wide-awake membership, intent upon 
every means of expansion. 

Russian Church Now Divided 

Some time ago. when the Soviet government seized the 
treasures of the Russian State Church, there was a sharp 
division of sentiment among the ecclesiastical leaders. 
As a consequence, there are now two bodies of believers 
in Russia. In the so-called "New Life Church" there 
are only a few insignificant changes from the old, or- 
thodox and stilted form of worship, but in the other, the 
"Church of Regeneratioh,*' an entirely different service 
is used. The leading spirit— Archbishop Antonin— has 
sought simplicity. He has dismissed his elaborate choirs, 
done away with the secret altars, and, standing in the 
middle of the church, conducts his services in the Russian 
tongue with the utmost simplicity. Congregational sing- 
ing of much fervor also adds to the interest of the serv- 
iced. - 

There Is Still a Bright Side 

Pessimistic observers of world happenings, from day 
to day, are alt too apt to dwell on the seamy side of 
humanity, losing sight of the bright side of the picture. 
Most deplorable it is that these "prophets of evil" never 
lift a hand to aid in relieving doubt, correcting misstate- 
ments and mistakes, and setting an example of honesty, 
integrity and sincerity for others to follow. A writer 
in " The Manufacturer's Record " pertinently asks : " Have 
you ever stopped to consider the millions of honest, in- 
telligent, home-loving, God-fearing, hard-working men 
and women who, by words and deeds, ar.e making this 
country and the world a better place in which to live? 
. - . Wherever there are found wasters, murderers. 
robbers, and petty thieves and grafters, there are thou- 
sands who are the salt of the earth— upbuilders of 
humanity and business." These are timely words. Let 
us, in faith and hope, look on the bright side! 

A Man Who Remembered His Workers 

About thirty years ago Henry A. Dix came to this coun- 
try from Russia. At the age of forty-two he embarked 
in business, and recently he succeeded in genuinely sur- 
prising the industrial and commercial world by a wholly 
unprecedented act of generosity. Wealthy, and ready 
to retire, at the age of seventy-two, he has not forgotten 
the toilers who so materially aided him in the amassing 
of his competence. He has turned over his million- 
dollar-a-year business to his employes without getting 
a cent from them in exchange for it. More than that— 
he has lent $250,000 to the new owners, so that they may 
have a working capital, successfully to carry on the 
business. Mr. Dix himself, who has been drawing a sal- 
ary of $60,000 a year for his services, will, without charge, 
continue the management of the business for the time 
being. As an instance of unparalleled generosity to 
his faithful employes, Mr. Dix's act is remarkable, sug- 
gesting a wholly new phase of altruism. 

Ford Urges the Work Cure 

Headed by Albert Thomas, a prominent French Social- 
ist, a delegation of European workers, operating as the 
so-called "International Labor Board" — a branch of the 
League of Nations— has been making a tour of the United 
States. While in Detroit, they called upon Henry Ford, 
to convince him that the United States would have to 
come to the rescue of the .tottering European nations by 
selling our products at low exchange rates— payment be- 
ing made in the depreciated European currency. Mr. 
Ford dismissed their elaborate scheme as being silly and 
futile. He told them that they could not better them- 
selves by relying on delusive and artificial schemes, but 
that the solution of their problem must be through hard 
work— the actual production of the things needed. He 
reminded them of the fact that only by a thorough revival 
of industry could world commerce go on with renewed 
v 'gor. His prescription for the unrest, prevailing in 
Europe, is a very simple one: "Let the people of the 
world once get the idea that all they need is to do a 
good day's work, six days of each week — thus making 
their own prosperity — and there will be no more talk 
about unstable conditions." Undoubtedly Mr. Ford has 
touched the very core of Europe's difficulty. 

A Strong Plea for World Peace 

While the recent Christmas season was, doubtlessly, 
one of special joy to the various homes, and while it was 
also observed by appropriate exercises in the Sunday- 
schools and churches of our land, chief significance 
attaches to the fact that ten thousand ministers, repre- 
senting almost every denomination, preached Christmas 
sermons in which international cooperation and good- 
will were emphasized beyond all else. The World Al- 
liance headquarters reports that never, since the organ- 
ization was founded, in 1914, have the clergymen of the 
country shown so much interest in international sub- 
jects. Efforts of that sort are a valuable aid toward 
world peace. 

Home Training Better Than Institutional Care 

For a number of years, the Quarrier Orphan Homes of 
Scotland have secured permanent homes for their little 
charges in various parts of Canada. Whenever announce- 
ment is made of the fact that suitable homes are desired 
for children, plenty of applications by would-be foster- 
parents, are quickly made to the committee in charge. 
These offers are carefully scrutinized, to make sure that 
the best interests of the child desired will be safeguarded 
in the home that proposes to take it. That the plan, thus 
worked out, and carefully watched all the way through, 
has proved its value, is seen by the late announcement, 
that less than two per cent of the entire number of Scotch 
orphans, domiciled in Canada, are, according to govern- 
ment statistics, failures in after-life.: "God setteth the 
solitary in families," says the psalmist, and that plan can 
not be improved upon. 

How the Koreans Give 

Stewardship campaigns and the Forward Movement, 
as carried on in the churches of the United States, have 
been regarded as quite successful, but the same instru- 
mentalities, as employed in the Korean churches, have 
been far more successful, proportionally speaking. The 
usual salary of an able-bodied skilled worker in Korea 
is from $10 to $25 a month. Unskilled day laborers 
receive from thirty to fifty cents a day. Notwithstanding 
these very meager resources, the average Korean Chris- 
tian, on this wage, is giving three times as much as he 
did several years ago. It is estimated that every 240 
Korean Christians support one paid worker in the vari- 
ous missions. With the exception of station centers, 
where missionaries reside, the entire cost of church 
erection and maintenance has been defrayed by the lib- 
eral contributions of Korean Christians. 

Constantinople Postpones Dry Era 

* Significant, as well as sinister, is the victory of strong 
drink advocates in Constantinople. The Nationalist gov- 
ernment had decided, to all intents and purposes, that, in 
conformity to Mohammedan teachings, no intoxicants 
should be sold or used in the city- Then came the Lau- 
sanne Conference with its diplomatic intrigues, and sud- 
denly the National Assembly at Angora announced that 
the March 1 total prohibition law is null and void. But 
why? The action resulted from a protest of French wine 
growers, who stated that restriction on the sale of alco- 
holic drinks would deprive them of 17,000,000 francs 
(roughly $1,133,000) annual income, obtained from wine 
sales in Constantinople alone. As Turkey ws.s materially 
supported by France in its onslaught against the late 
Greek aggression, its leaders feel under obligations to the 
French. Once more, therefore, a principle of right has 
been sacrificed in deference to the god of mammon. 

War Perils in Europe 

To the close observer of current events, the present 
manifestations of unrest and suspicion clearly indicate 
how far Europe is from having attained — through past 
hostilities, suffering, and diplomatic negotiations — its 
roseate dreams of peace and prosperity. The evident 
uneasiness and general suspicion — all too prominent 
almost everywhere on the continent — have made a more 
profound impression upon the minds of the various peo- 
ples, than all the accumulated proof that industry and 
good will are paramount essentials of speedy national im- 
provement. Somehow or other, most of the countries 
have become obsessed with the belief that war-prepared- 
ness is all-essential, no matter what the cost. Some of 
them, within striking distance of a piece of territory 
which, they think, is unjustly withheld from them, prepare 
to seize it by force, as soon as a period of general distrac- 
tion seems to promise success. The recent attempt of the 
Lithuanians to occupy Memel and the surrounding coun- 
try, is an example of strategic moves, likely to be staged, 
now that France, by the injudicious invasion of Ger- 
many, has seriously imperiled the tottering equilibrium 
of Europe. While, of course, the people of the United 
States can not be expected to participate in the almost 
indefensible clashings of overwrought European nations, 
they can, through their government, undoubtedly express 
their earnest desire to assuage, to a large extent, the 
troublous conditions out of which new hostilities are 
seemingly emerging. The present alarming situation of 
things, with nations bankrupt and miserable, is decid- 

edly distressing. If the way opens, the Washington 
administration, either alone or in cooperation with the 
League of Nations, will doubtlessly promote endeavors 
to bring about peace at this critical moment. The dis- 
pelling of the war clouds, now threatening Europe, is 
certainly a truly worth-while effort. 

The Heavy Cost of After-War Expenses 

Judging by the discussions, now going on in the French 
Chamber of Deputies, it requires vast sums of money, 
not only to make war, but also to wind up a war. Of 
the total appropriations of twenty-three billion francs, 
asked for by the government, eight hundred million are 
to defray expenses due to hostilities. This amount in- 
cludes no pensions or outlay for reconstruction. The 
biggest item is 360 million francs for the maintenance of 
French troops in the Near East. France's share in the 
mere occupation of Constantinople, runs to fifty-six mil- 
lion francs annually. The present invasion of Germany 
will, of course, require vast expeditures. All in all, 
France is paying heavily for the honor of having the 
world's largest army. 

Parental Responsibility for Juvenile Delinquency 

Judge Ben B. Lindsey, head of the Juvenile Court of 
Denver, Colo., is known throughout the United States 
as an expert on child rescue and development. Speaking 
with the conviction of one who knows, he recently said: 
"My experience, study, and investigation of juvenile life 
have convinced me that parents need to be taught the 
fundamentals of child-rearing. I firmly believe that not 
more than twenty per cent of parents are, relatively and 
comparatively, competent to rear children properly." 
In attestation of Judge Lindsey's statement, it may be of 
interest to mention the fact that he is directly and in- 
directly responsible for the enactment of fifty-two Colo- 
rado laws on home protection, not one of which has 
been repealed, and forty-two of which have been copied 
by other States. 

Armenians at the Lausanne Conference 

It was one of the surprising things, at the recent Lau- 
sanne Conference, when a delegation of Armenians made 
an humble pica to the representatives of the various na- 
tions. At once the Turkish delegation filed its protest to 
such a declaration by "the disgruntled subjects of one of 
the negotiating powers." Their objection was promptly 
overruled, and Gabriel Nouradunghian— at one time a for- 
eign minister of Turkey— was attentively listened to by the 
Assembly. The sad plight of the Armenians was graphi- 
cally portrayed by the speaker, and there was not a vestige 
of doubt that the nations represented at the Conference, 
would like to see something done to help the unfortunate 
Armenians. As to whether anything really effective will 
be insisted upon by the great powers, is very doubtful. 
Apparently, each of the nations is interested chiefly in the 
furtherance of its own interests, making such demands 
of the Turks as can be secured in exchange for some 
privilege granted them. This practically excludes any 
possibility of obtaining special guarantees for the safety 
and well-being of the Armenians. No. one is willing to 
press the claims of the downtrodden people. 

China Needs Wise Guidance 

According to Mr. Junius B. Wood, an expert on condi- 
tions in China, that country seems to have reached "the 
end of its resources." Financial starvation is imminent 
unless the much-discussed "consortium" — a combination 
of American, British, Japanese, French, Belgian and Chi- 
nese bankers — will promptly come to the rescue. There 
is, however, this specific proviso — the funds thus secured 
can be used for permanent improvements only, and under 
no circumstances can they be employed for internecine 
wars or squandered in official "graft." That China should 
experience any financial trouble whatever, is all the more 
surprising, in view of its small national indebtedness and 
its vast national wealth. While China's natural resources 
have been but crudely developed, too often designing for- 
eigners succeed in fleecing the peaceful toilers of their 
slender gains. Then, too, the bandit spirit is all too much 
in evidence among those with power — from the lone out- 
law who preys upon the hard-working peasants, to the 
crafty and designing officials who levy a ruthless toll upon 
the public funds for their own enrichment. These official 
defalcations will be stopped, probably, when the "con- 
sortium" begins to function. Such a move, of course, will 
be disappointing to the unscrupulous office-holders, but it 
will be highly gratifying to the patient Chinese people 
and to a great number of the minor officials— faithful, 
honest, but poorly paid. Viewed from across the Pacific. 
China may appear as a motley combination of bandits, 
pirates, helpless natives and crooked officials, with a few 
devoted missionaries as a redeeming leaven. Under the 
same circumstances almost any other country would be 
more lawless than China. Given, however, the aid of 
wholly unselfish cooperation and guidance. China will 
patiently and faithfully work out its many problems. The 
solution will not come in a week or a few months, for 
China, with its age-old conservatism, moves slowly. The 
world at large may be vexed, but China will not hurry. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


The Supreme Test — Whole-hearted 

Mark 10: 17-22 

For Week Beginning February 4, 1923 

1. Cooperation Mean. Life'* B«t.-Onc fact is clearly 
shown throughout the Scriptures— the very important one 
that God asks man to consecrate his life to his Maker. 
A close study of the Sacred Record reveals to us the lives 
of many eminent saints, and in all of these lives we can 
readily see that consecration was the ruling element in 
what they said or did. Throughout Old Testament times, 
and more especially later on, when our Lord walked 
among men, great stress was laid upon making a whole- 
hearted surrender to God. God expects it, and it is our 
blessed privilege to make an unconditional surrender. 

2. Wo Must Recognize God's Owner«hi P of Our Liv«. 
—Whole-hearted consecration can never be an unwilling 
surrender to God's demands. The son who grudgingly 
devotes himself to the care of a parent because the law 
requires him to do so, and who contributes of his money 
and time with the utmost reluctance, is practically devoid 
of filial love and regard. He has consecrated nothing 
to the one who is entitled to his tendercst care and his 
utmost financial resources, When there comes into our 
souls an overwhelming realization of the fact that we 
belong to God, and that all that we have and are must 
be dedicated to his service then— and then only— can 
we say that whole-hearted consecration has been ren- 
dered to the Great Creator. 

3. Spiritual Service by Means of Material Things Also. 
—While prayer and spiritual worship at its best, are to 
be associated with consecration, we must not lose sight 
of the fact that spiritual service may acceptably be ren- 
dered through material and commonplace means also. 
Thus the one who in any way ministers to those who are 
afflicted, to those who are in need of physical sustenance, 
or to those who are in prison, has the assurance of the 
Master's approval, for his is a service of real consecration. 

4. How Our Consecration May Be Known.— Possibly 
the safest test of the reality of our consecration will be 
found in its relation to the common, everyday affairs of 
life, to which the greater portion of our time must be 
given as a matter of necessity. Too often, when we speak 
of consecration, we are all too apt to regard it as a wholly 
spiritual, theoretical matter, largely confined to church 
meetings and sacred services. If we get into the inner 
secret of real consecration, we will realize, as never be- 
fore, that there is a great need of consecration and its 
blessed fruitage in the home, in the place of business, and 
in the various activities of life. As a matter of fact, our 
consecration will be subjected to a more strenuous test in 
the places mentioned, than in a prayer meeting or in a 
revival. Where there is need of the greatest consecration, 
in order that Christianity may shine the brightest, there 
kindness, patience and unselfishness will -have the very 
best chance to demonstrate their blessed fruitage. 

S. What Our Consecration Should Mean to Others.— 
(1) A readiness to fulfill the duties of our station, to the 
glory of God, and for the good of our fellow-men. (2) 
A willingness to employ, to the uttermost, the talents 
entrusted to us by God, thus recognizing our responsibil- 
ity to God and man. (3) An unquestioning submissiveness, 
patiently to bear trials and trivial irritations, realizing 
that thereby we manifest a Christlike spirit. (4) A loving 
determination to find noble traits in people who try to 
harm us. putting the kindest construction even on unkind 
acts and words. 

$. Suggestive References.— The Psalmist's conception 
of whole-hearted consecration (Psa. 119: 1, 2). "Bought 
with a price . . . glorify God" (1 Cor. 6: 19, 20). A 
living sacrifice (Rom. 12: 1, 2). The wholly consecrated 
souls "press toward the mark for the prize" (Philpp. 
3: 13, 14). Consecration leads to the victorious life (1 
•Cor. 9: 24-27). "A broken and a contrite heart" (Psa. 
51: 17). "Yield yourselves unto God" (Rom. 6: 13, 16). 

China Today 

(Continued from Paec 51) 

missionaries we get to come to China, the greater 
will the republican government be pleased. China 
would not be aroused today as it is, were it not for 
the missionaries who have penetrated even the most 
out-of-the-way parts of the nation and opened the 

The Ouirch of the Brethren has now fifty-two 
missionaries in China, four of whom are physicians. 
May we fold our hands now and watch them work? 
No, never ! It is necessary that we provide a constant 

supply of reinforcements, furnish equipment, and 
make possible the training of an adequate number of 
Chinese teachers, physicians, nurses, pastors, and evan- 
gelists. Let us contribute liberally, so that our Volun- 
teers need not be held back because of a lack of funds. 
We must send them forth now, for there will be some 
hard questions for us to answer in the last day if we, 
through indifference, allow these people to struggle 
on through their darkness without the Gospel of our 

La Verne, Calif. 

Jottings From a Pastor's Joy Journal 

Number One 

Much is being said, these days, in the Church of the 
Brethren, concerning the pastor and his particular line 
of work. His qualifications, his obligations, his oppor- 
tunities, his incidentals and many of his accidentals have 
been freely and frankly discussed. This is well, and wel- 
comed by every anxious pastor in our Fraternity. Let 
such wholesome work go right on, for we want our 
work to mean the very most, from every possible angle. 
There is one aspect of pastoral interest, however, that 
has not been quite so freely discussed and which is of 
peculiar interest and importance, both to those who are 
now serving and also to that fine body of young men 
who are turning in the pastoral direction. It is the aspect 
of satisfaction, of pleasure, of real JOY that is so dom- 
inant in pastoral work. Every profession has its advan- 
tages and particular attractions, but in their final analysis 
these things all narrow down to the question of real satis- 
faction and pure joy to be found in them. The line of 
work that brings the greatest possible satisfaction to 
the individual working, those for whom he is working, 
and to the God who keeps account of all the work, is 
certainly the Hue of work that should have the balance of 
appeal, and it is with this thought in mind that 1 venture 
to present a few findings from my own joy journal. 

A JOY JOURNAL! Why not? Every Christian should 
keep one. It is much more interesting and vastly more 
inspiring than a Trouble Journal or a Critic's Journal or 
Gossip Journal. My Bible is a joyful Bible; the new life 
is supposed to be a joyful life, and the fellowship of the 
Christ, whom we serve, is a joyful fellowship. The glad 
tidings are always attended with joy. and since it is the 
business of every pastor to carry the glad tidings, his joy 
journal should be one of the most joyful in all the list. 
The very latest chapter in my joy journal is the Christ* 
mas chapter. Would you like just a few extracts from this 
chapter, that you may compare notes? How I should en- 
joy reviewing YOUR notes, for I am sure that they would 
be just as interesting, or perhaps more so. than mine. 
The very first pleasure in my Christmas chapter came 
with the planning for Christmas. Individuals want sug- 
gestions, groups are seeking some help, classes are asking 
for advice. How their faces beam as they come and go! 
There are the parents, the young people, and even the 
children. What a joy to help in such plans, or simply 
to watch them mature! For themselves? Not much. 
This is a special occasion for joy. The time is rapidly 
passing when Christians think of Christmas as a time 
for selfish enjoyment. We have a better word — OTHERS! 
What a fine word with which to start the joy bells ring- 
ing! I am still a boy, but I can well remember when many 
of our Sunday-schools took the money which they had 
given to the Lord, and purchased a present at Christmas 
time—for themselves. But now things are changing 
rapidly. The Sunday-school money is more and more 
going into missionary channels and we are not only think- 
ing of others, but using our own money to express our 
interest in them. 

Then, after all the planning, came the joy of watching 
the plans mature. The pastor has the inside line on most 
of such matters— just like the mother in the home. Al- 
most nothing has been said publicly but the plans are 
working like magic. Some one is absent who is needed 
to practice on some program. Deacon Smith seems to 
be- out of pocket. Or Mary Brown, who is a teacher, 
and several of her class, seem to have disappeared, and 
there is much bustle and hurry as they are eagerly 
searched for. No one seems to know where they are but 
the pastor, and he only smiles as he takes notes for his 
joy journal. There is the little group that visited the 
widow last night. Then some of the children dropped in, 
one at a time, to leave a greeting with a sick member 
of their class. The deacon was mighty shy with his 
plans, but his crippled neighbor is sure that something 
unusual has happened by the way his wife acts, as she 
answers the door-bell. It is impossible to give you all of 
the incidents, but if they were not joy provokers then joy 
is just a theory and not a fact. 

Then came Christmas Eve, which is a time of peculiar 
interest to all classes. But how strange when we think 
of the way that many Christian people spent this evening 
in the past! Things are changing, however, and it is a 
joyful change. Shall I ever forget the last Christmas 

Eve? I think not. In various homes of the community 
the young people and many of the parents and children 
are acting as if they were going for a joy ride. The cars 
are ready and the boys are blowing a merry call, while the 
mothers and the girls collect wraps and rubbers. Wise 
people — for Christianity demands enough clothing, as well 
as a sensible program of restriction. All are piled in by 
this time and away they go down the road to the last 
home in our community. 

Well, well, all the folks seem to be out. T*hey are going 
in the same direction and now they are lining up before 
the same home. See them as they pause under the. win- 
dow, from which a bright light is streaming. Listen! 
"Hark, the Herald Angels Sing," or it is. "Silent Night! 
Holy Night!" or perhaps, "Joy to the World," that they 
are singing. If you could sec the faces on the inside and 
appreciate the feelings of those who sing and then reckon 
with the influences that are thus set in motion, you would 
certainly enter into the joy of such Work, for these are 
real joy-bringers as they go from house to house, singing 
the glad Christmas carols just as the angels on that first 
night sang their songs of praise to the new-born child. 
Of course there are some houses that are off the good 
road and there is much mud to he encountered, but a little 
mud is of small consequence with rubbers and a willing 
heart. And so the evening is spent in bringing "peace 
and good will to men." 

Another occasion for joy is the home programs during 
the week preceding Christmas, as well as on Christmas 
Eve. Not all, perhaps, but most of the homes read the 
different Christmas stories from the Gospels and dis- 
cussed the coming Christmas' from various angles, seek- 
ing to get into the real spirit of the occasion and to 
point out the real purpose of the coming celebration. 
After the carol singers were gone and the appreciation 
of the home circle had been expressed, a little home 
program is rendered much as follows: The members of 
the family join in some Christmas song— perhaps the one 
that had just been sung at their window. Then some 
member of the family reads the Christmas story or tells 
it in his own words. Then comes a short prayer with, 
perhaps, a recitation by one of the children. Then the 
gifts are handed around with many a good wish, even if 
these presents are simple and inexpensive. Of course, 
some of the homes had this program on Christmas morn- 
ing, but the fact of such a program is a source of real 
joy to any pastor. 

Then just a word as to Christmas Day. We have a 
special service on Christmas morning and what a joy 
it is! There is nothing elaborate, nothing formal— just a 
simple service in which all can feel at home and where 
Worship is the outstanding idea. Most of the folks are 
present, and they seem to be as happy as larks. The 
reason has already been mentioned in part. But to the 
service. Two or three real Christmas songs are rendered 
by all who are present. Then a reading of the story 
from Luke and prayer by sqme member who is willing 
to lend a hand. Perhaps some of the junior girls will 
sing a song next, or it may be a quartette by the young 
people. There will be a season of prayer, which is heartily 
enjoyed by all but especially by the anxious pastor. One 
of the girls will begin, then some of the children will join 
with simple petitions and words of gratitude. Some 
grateful brother may pray next, or some of the mothers 
will offer such prayers as only mothers can offer at Christ- 
mas time. Presently all will join in the Lord's Prayer, 
and when they rise from their knees, it will be with a 
feeling of new strength for the duties of the day. The 
service closes promptly and after a short period of friend- 
ly greeting, in which all take part, the happy group of 
friends and neighbors separate and go quietly to their 
homes. What a joy the pastor in a church where 
they have such a fine conception of Christmas ! 

Space will not allow any further discussion of the 
matter, except to acknowledge that the pastor and his 
family were remembered in many pleasant ways by the 
good folks who have helped to make this one of the very 
happiest holidays we have ever known. 
Daleville, Va. 


' Write what thou seest, and send it 


This conference of workers of the Mount Morris Col- 
lege region opened on the evening of Jan. 11, and contin- 
ued for the next two days. It was well attended by a 
number of elders, superintendents, teachers, and others, 
from the three Districts of Iowa, and the two Districts 
of Illinois. Other Districts were represented also. The 
eagerness and helpfulness of those in attendance was an 
inspiration from the very first session. In order to have 
more time than the program provided, some of the ses- 
sions began earlier each morning than the program stated. 
The Conference was strictly what the name indicated, 
and what was desired in its provision. Many different 
active workers took part in the discussion of the tasks 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


which confront our schools and churches. Every one 
seemed eager to render help and to secure the best 
methods of doing the work, which was so well previewed. 

Bro. L. W. Shultz, of North Manchester, was especially 
helpful, with his timely lists of concrete objectives for 
Districts and churches. Those on program brought infor- 
mal outlines of the tasks of the churches and Sunday- 

We need more such Conferences— just to sit together 
and help to see our tasks and to get right at the concrete 
things we may do. There should be more constructive 
plans in this way, and less inspirational talking. 

Elgin, 111. _^ Ezra F , ory 

of the day before. Nine different homes were visited. 

Saturday morning a group of our Mexican Mission 
children went with some workers to North Pomona and 
assisted in a tittle Christmas service there, among Mexi- 
can children who do not have the privilege of attending 
Sunday-school. Gifts from the Live Oak Sunday-school 
were distributed to the great delight of the little Mexi- 

Dec. 23 saw the introduction of the community Christ- 
mas tree festival into La Verne. The musical program 
was in charge of Prof. B. S. Haugh. Some beautiful selec- 
tions were rendered under his direction. We had a 
Christmas story and a chorus in Spanish by our Mexican 
Protestant people. One of the best features was the 
relief work. The needy were carefully sought out every- 
where, and their wants looked after, regardless of nation- 
ality. Some new friends for Protestantism were made 
in this way among pur Mexican neighbors. 

lature should put a ban on the reading of its sacred pages ! 

The State of Maryland is not an ideal State in some 
ways, but we thank the Lord that the Bible is permitted 
to be read in our public schools. 

About eighteen months ago, a few of us succeeded in 
getting the Public School Board of Caroline County, Md., 
to give credit, in the final reports of the public school 
work, for Sunday-school attendance and recitation, and I 
herewith reproduce a card that is given each student 
entering the public schools of Caroline County, accom- 
panied by the request that the pupil present the same to 
his Sunday-school teacher for proper attention: 


The month of November was a busy one at the Vyara 
station. Two weeks of meetings were held especially for 
the help of the village teachers and their families. During 

the first week Vishram Isuchan, children's missioner for -t.r 

Gujerat, was present and gave two messages each dav . W " e awakened on Christmas morning by a band of 'r> u,d » dd th »* tW. pupil has met the Sund.y-.cho*! raaulremenu 
-iJmLI w- m . B " " Ctl day singers, caroling forth "Joy to the world." ln n ' . maMer "' p™p«i«« «■ reciting l«.<m.. 

1 , His evening talks were « . . . . 

Lhnstmas presents a unique opportunity to sow Gospel 

for the benefit of the children 

illustrated by the use of the magic lantern and were much 
appreciated, not only by the children but by the older 
ones as well. The small meeting room was crowded 
almost to the limit each evening. A number of the boys 
from the Government Boarding-School were present to 
hear his story of "Pilgrim's Progress." 

Sister Mohler gave three health talks to the women, 
and there were many expressions of appreciation for her 
work by our Indian sisters. We hope that more of this 
kind of work can be done in the future. 

Bro. Long and family returned from furlough, arriving 
just at the beginning of the meetings. They found a warm 
welcome at Vyara, and Bro. Long's spiritual messages 
added to the inspiration of the meetings. 

During the last week thirty of the boys and girls from 
our boarding-schools and nineteen people from the vil- 
lages were baptized.* Pray for these new-born babes in 
Christ, that they may receive the needed spiritual milk, 
and may grow thereby. Those from the villages were 
some who had held out firmly, and had not joined in 
the worship of the new goddess, that has drawn away 
so many of the village Christians, even, and so we 
especially rejoiced in the faithfulness of these. 

Nov. 28 a quiet, spiritual love feast was held. All sat 
out on the ground, under the open sky. The beauty of 
nature added to the impressiveness of the occasion. 

Sister Widdowson moved to Umalla recently, to take 
charge of the Babies' Home. The medical work there 
has become heavier and this, in addition to the duties of 
the Home, was more than enough to keep Sister Himmels- 
baugh busy. 

We welcome Sister Replogle to our midst. She will 
care for the hostel of the Girls' Boarding-School. We 
hope this may mean more effective work in both school 
and hostel. 

Our boarding-schools have just been . passing through 
a crisis, due to the superstition of the people, regarding 
the new goddess that is said to have come out of the 
jungle. A large meeting was held at one place and there 
were representatives present from fifty-two villages. 
The decision was made that all the people must take their 
children out of the boarding-schools, for they were being 
defiled there by eating meat. Later another meeting was 
held, at which a number of the Christian teachers were 
present. These reasoned with the people, and the decision 
was finally set aside. We praise God that our prayers 
for the work have thus been answered. Some of the 
boarding-school children were also praying, and I believe 
that the experience has been a help to them. 

Brother and Sister Blough have begun the winter's 
work in the villages, and we believe that there is a greater 
need than usual in the villages this year. Will you not 
join us in earnest prayer that their work may be fruitful 
and that the Christians, who are being so sorely tempted 
to follow the goddess, may be kept faithful. 

One of the good fruits of the movement, among the 
villages, is the stopping of the drink habit, for one order 
given to all the people is, that they must stop all use of 
intoxicating liquors. But, joined to this good, there is 
so much of evil and superstition, that all the good fruit 
is eliminated. In some places the people were stopped 
in their work, and their crops spoiled in the fields. They 
were also told to dispose of their goats and chickens, 
and many of the people almost gave them away. Whole 
tillages have been emptied of all such animals. May 
the true Light of the world shine into these hearts, dis- 
pelling the darkness! Lillian Grisso. 
Vyara, India, Dec. 13. 

Credit for Sunday-school Attendance 

Thi. I. to entity that h „ ,„ ^ ^ 

beginning and enalng attended the 

.......... Sunday-school, of which I am a teacher Simdaya'and 

mlM0d Sundays during the same period, making an avera«. 

attendance of pcr cent. 



The Beginners' and Primary Department of our church 
gave an informal program Dec. 22. The Christmas Story 
was portrayed in many different ways— .song, story, illus- 
trated with pictures. Scripture, recitation, drawing (chalk 
talks) and a simple but beautiful pageant, entitled, "The 
PiTst Christmas." Dec. 23 the Primaries enjoyed a unique 
Christmas party at the home of the writer. The first 
"umber was a tour of the homes of the shut-ins, at each 
°f which we reproduced part of our Christmas program 

seed among our Mexican neighbors. Two months ago 
we resolved to make the most of it. We sought the coop- 
eration of students of former years, who were active in 
Mexican work. The result was numerous acceptable con- 
tributions from Glendora, Lindsay and Live Oak, Calif., 
and from Myrtle Point and Newberg, Ore. These, with 
the gifts of the Beginners and Primaries of our own 
Sunday-school, gave us splendid material "backing." 
The native Protestant church worked up the Biblical 
Christmas story in true Spanish style — very dramatically 
and artistically. The program was well advertised and the 
result was an attendance of about 400 Mexicans. Of 
course, the promise of a treat for the children was a 
strong drawing card; however they had to stay through 
the program, which started off with a sermonctte. 

A praise watch party was held at the Mexican Mission. 
Just before the old year passed out, the native pastor 
gave an opportunity to stand for Christ, and eight 
responded. Grace Hileman Miller. 

It I. understood that church service Will bo' credited instead of'sun- 

prodded the above blank, be properly revised and signed by the 
i- .-i.. i- In charge. ' 

The public school gives two points for 80% attendance 
and satisfactory recitation in Sunday-school work. 

At the last meeting of our Board, some representative 
persons were present, and stated that some of our 
schools do not seem to have either readings from the 
Bible, nr the Lord's Prayer, at their opening exercises. 
They requested that these be included in such exercises. 

Our board unanimously recommends that all teachers 
hereafter conduct their exercises in accordance with the 
spirit nf the above request. 

What has been done in our county, can be duplicated 

in other counties and States, if the Christian people will 

gel behind the proposition, and give our public school 

hoards the proper Information and light on this subject. 

Geo. A. McDaniel, President. 

Caroline County Sunday School Association. 


Barbara Peters, daughter of Daniel and Catharine Blochcr, was 
>rn on a farm near Wabash, Ind., Aug. 7, 1848. Here she grew to 
womanhood. Tn April. ISfiS, she was 
baptized in the Ogans Creek con- 
gregation, afterwards learning that 
_ her life companion, who was then 
almost a stranger to her, was bap- 
tized in the Roann congregation on 
the same day. She and Amos R. 
Peters were married near Wabash, 
Tnd., Sept. 28, 1867, by Eld. John 
Lce<Jy. Soon after they moved to 
near Lapaz, Ind., and became mem- 
bers of the Pine Creek ctmrcll, Here 
her six sons and three daughters 
were born. Here also Bro, Peters 
was elected to the ministry and ad- 
vanced to the eldership. Bro. Peters, 
being active in church work, was 
called away from home much of 
his time, .and the burden of the 
care of the home fell heavily upon 
the mother. 

In the spring of 18W, she, with her 
husband and children, moved to near 
Cando, N. Dak., being the first mem- 
thrcn to file on homestead land in 
ion, the first Church of the Brethren 
was organized in her home. Breth- 
tcr, Daniel Whitmer, and a number 



Sister Barbara Peter. 

hers of the Church of the Br 
the State. The Candn enngrega 
congregation in North Dakota, 
ren D. C. Campbell, W. R. De 
of other visiting members, wer 

Here Sister Peters experienced 
of frontier life. Their first meal on th. 

a " shack," seven by eight feet in size. Bro. Peters was away from 
home much of the time during the winter season, in immigration 
work, and his success in bringing hundreds of settlers into North 
Dakota was due, in a very large measure, to the hearty, loyal sup- 
port of Sister Peters. Many of these settlers, ,as well as many 
other prominent members of the Brotherhood, were welcomed into 
her home. 

Tn the spring of 1903, she. with her family, moved westward— this 
time to build a home on unimproved sage-brush land near Wenatchec. 
Wash. Here much of her experience of North Dakota was re- 
peated. Many of her North Dakota -visitors were again welcomed 
into her home. Only a little more than a year ago, a new home 
was built, that she might be near her only living daughter, Sister 
Katharine Holland, hut she was not permitted to enjoy this very 
long, being called to the home beyond Nov. 25, 1922. Two daughters, 
Elizabeth Baughman and Mary Ellen Ikenberry, preceded her. Her 
sons, Jonas, of Kremlin. Mont., Moses, of Waterford, Calif., John 
R., of Wenatchec, Wash., James G., of Sandpoint, Idaho. Marvin A., 
and Hiram \V„ of Plain, Wash., together with her husband and 
daughter, Katharine Holland, still survive. 

Her faith in the church never wavered, nor did her ability to 
reason clearly, and give good counsel, fail. In her love and deep 
concern for her children she never faltered arid was rewarded by 
seeing them come into the church and remain faithful. It can truly 
be said that she was a good mother. A large number of friends 
came to the funeral, held in the churchhouse near her home. Burial 
was In the Sunny slope cemetery. Thus one. whose life has been 
an inspiration to many of us, who are younger, has gone to her 
reward. Although dead, she yet livelh. L. E. Ulrich. 

Wenatchec, Wash., Dec. 27. 


T note, by a recent issue of the "Messenger," that the 
State of California has put a ban on the Bible being used 
or read in the public schools, and I am wondering just 
what the Brethren and other good people of the State 
of California, are going to do about this wicked piece of 

There are many homes in this country that never have 
the Bible read, and the children of these homes never hear 
the Bible read, or have a chance to read it themselves. 
Their limited knowledge of the Bible is obtained in the 
public school. What a great pity that any State Legis- 

Home of Bro. J. B. Petera, Sunday, Dec. 24 

Yesterday the agent could not sell me a ticket from 
Winston-Salem, N. C, to Wirtz, Va., so I got one through 
to Roone's Mill, and was greatly surprised to find Sister 
Bowman and Jesse (anticipating my probable move) at 
the station. They did not have to ask me twice to come 
to their good home for supper, instead of waiting in 
the smoky station for the return train. 

The three services held in the Brick church, last night 
and today, were appreciated. It is good to be here. 
The congregation has nine appointments for preaching 
and seven preachers. At two points there is preaching 
twice a month, and at five others, once a month. Bro. 
H. Wilford Peters is ready to locate at Spray, N. G, as 
pastor, and will go as soon as he can secure a farmer 
to take his place on the farm. T feel to pray that the 
Lord may send a good farmer brother without delay. 
Tonight we gathered around the blazing fire-place, and 
all the family had Christmas. The boys were eager to 
call the names written on carefully-prepared parcels, and 
true to the instinct of every good Christian home, little 
sister's name came often est. The children, father and 
mother, grandmother and blind grandfather Tkenberry 
—even Bro. Stover — all came in for a share of the joys 
of Christmas. I thought of my own little group at Mt. 
Morris. T thought of our coworkers in India. I thought 
of those in China and Africa, and we prayed for them 
all. Blessed spirit of Christmas I May it continue all 
the year. 

Homo of Bro. Iaaac Bowman, Dec. 26 
This great, big, good Bowman family of eleven children, 
-■ill joining the church in due season, is a source of great 
joy to me. In the Flora family there are ten children 
with a like church record. We had two services yester- 
day and two today — well attended — a splendid country 
church. Now T understand what several of the folks 
have been saying to me: "Wait till you get to Antioch." 
There are 300 members in that church with nine preachers 
and eleven appointments — all once a month except three, 
where there is preaching twice a month. But they have 
adopted a good plan in making each preacher responsible 
for the work at a given point. Bro. Sam H. Flora has 
arranged to go to the Snow Creek congregation, as pastor, 
Jan. 1. This is real mission work; God bless the workers. 
The first work of the church is missions. Pastor Russell 
used to oppose missions by saying "as at present carried 
on." Then, when he began to "carry on" missions, his 
first effort was to be a successful " sheep-stealer '*! Alas, 
Pastor Russell. 

Bethlehem Congregation, Thursday, Dec. 28 
It seems as if every day were Sunday, this week. The 
students are home from colleges, farmers are not busy, 
and every day, after morning services, beginning at eleven 
and never stopping at twelve (how could a missionary 
meeting end in ONE hour?), from twenty to thirty of 
us assemble at one good home, where we have a big 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 

dinner, and continue until time for night services. Here 
arc 400 members, with a good list of both preachers and 
appointments— two appointments being twice a month, 
Bethlehem and Monte Vista. The others arc once a 

Blackwater Chapel, Friday, Dec. 29 

As we climbed the mountains and crossed the mountain- 
streams, to get here, and then saw, when a mile away, 
a nice little white church set upon a hill, I remarked the 
name of this ought to be Clearwater church. But others 
had caught this vision before I did, and the name is 
already changed to Monte Vista. I was booked for today 
only, but the folks seem to know a good thing when 
they sec it— we have had two services today already, and 
hope to have another in the morning. 

Naff», Va., Sunday, Dec. 31 

Cedar Bluff is not far from Monte Vista, if you think 
straight across, but by road it is way up on the one side 
and wav down on the other. It was a great satisfaction 
to me, to sit by the fire-place and listen to dear old Bro. 
Naff, as he recounted his Civil War experiences. In a 
reminiscent mode he spoke of the church of many years 
ago He was a member of the Standing Committee which 
sanctioned the writer's going to India (1894), so we had 
another point of contact. That was a heroic Standing 
Committec-condidatcs for the foreign mission field were 
new and untried and even a bit doubtful. The proposed 
move was a venture into dreamland, apparently— and yet 
they did it. Monte Vista and Cedar Bluff and Boone's 
Mill (little girls call it Moon's Bill) all belong to the 
Bethlehem congregation. There are miles of tough and 
sticky arguments for good roads here. Bro. E. E. Bow- 
man brought me in his Ford, this evening, to the home 
of his brother Levi. We crossed one stream twenty-five 
times in four miles* drive, and at one point kept the bed 
of the stream for about an eighth of a mile. Bro. Levi 
is elder of this large congregation, and apparently a 
working at it. Tonight our services were held in t 1 -- 
Boone's Mill Disciple church. And so endcth 1922. 

Home Address, Mt. Morris, 111. Wilbur B. Stover 


Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, s 

mod news from 3 far country 

This report is made Jan. 13, 1923. Up to date there are 
forty-two known schools that have not reported. Three 
hundred and thirteen have reported. Forty-one State 
Districts and twenty-one States are represented. No 
schools are reported for Washington, Arizona, South 
Dakota, Montana, Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. 
The average length of terms was eleven and a half days. 
The total number of paid workers was 432. Total workers 
and teachers, 2,016. There were 1,933 homes visited. The 
enrollment shows an interesting increase over 1921, with 
out the forty-two unreported schools— as follows: Be- 
ginners, 4,945, with 77.4% attendance; Primaries, 7,670, with 
74.8 f r attendance; Juniors, 7,643 with 73.7% attendance; 
Intermediates, 4,071, with 67% attendance; Seniors and 
Training Department, 967. Total males enrolled, 10.737; 
females, 14,464, which is 57.4% of the enrollment. Total 
enrollment was 27,254, with an average attendance of 
19.936 or 73.15%. 

The total enrollment in 1921 was 23,360, with an average 
attendance of 77%. In 1921 the average term was 11% 
days. In 1921 we had 1,538 teachers. 

The center of division, east and west, in number of 
schools, in 1921, was near Pittsburgh, Pa. In 1922 it moved 
west to Columbus, Ohio. 

Western Pennsylvania had the largest number of 
schools, there being 44. Southern Ohio stands next, with 
22, then, in order, come Middle Pennsylvania, Middle 
Indiana, Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. Pennsylvania 
had the most schools— there being 78; Virginia had 45 
(68 in 1921) ; Ohio, 43 ; Indiana, 32 ; Kansas, 25 ; Illinois, 23 ; 
California, 20, etc. Looking to college regions, we find 
Manchester ahead, with 78 schools. b The others come in 
order: Juniata, 64; McPherson,42; Mt. Morris, 36; Bridge- 
water, 36; Dalcville, 31; La Verne, 24; Blue Ridge, 17; 
Elizabethtown, 14. The last named is the most delin- 
quent, when we consider the large number of churches 
in that territory. 

Of the 42 unreported schools, 22 are in Western Penn- 
sylvania, 4 are in Northern California, 5 in Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, 2 in Middle Pennsylvania. For some reason, 
Pennsylvania shows delinquency in sending reports this 

Turning to enrollment, we find Southern Ohio again in 
the lead, with 3.875— a slight increase over 1921. The State 
of Ohio is ahead in States, with 6,324. Manchester terri-, 
tory is ahead, having 11,031, which is over 40% of our 
entire enrollment. Salem church, Southern Ohio, with 437, 
had the largest local school. 

A more detailed report will be given later, showing 
each State District. Ezra Flory. 

Elgin, 111. ~»~ 

The Yearbook of the Church of the Brethren gives 
information that can not be had in any other way. Every 
family should have a copy of the Yearbook. Only ten 
cents postpaid. Send your order nowl 


Frultdnle church met in council Jan. 6, when church officers were 
elected: El.Ier, M Wine; the writer, clerk, correspondent and 
Sunday-school superintendent. We have an evergreen Sundiy-school. 
Fifty were present today. We have Bible Study each Sunday 
evening. We started with the Book of John when Sister White was 
here. After she left, wc went ahead with the class and are now 
studying Acts. Wc think it a very good way to learn the Bible.— 
J. Z. Jordan, Fruirdale. Ala., Jan. 14. 


Bclvidore.-At the Christmas service our pastor, Bro. Steinour, 
gave a short talk, telling us the connection between the cross and 
the crown, and of the blessed hope of our Lord's return. The Sunday- 
school rendered a splendid program, and the scholars also enjoyed 
a treat. Wc took an offering for missionary purposes. About ISO 
were present. Dec. 31 Bro. Beery, of Fruita. preached a very in- 
spiring sermon. Sister Steinour is teaching a Women's Bible Class 
on Thursday aflcrnoons. Wc are taking up the Book of John and 
much interest is shown. Sister Steinour is a splendid teacher. Jan. 
7 we appreciated very much, having the male quartet from the First 
Church sing three selections at the evening service. Our Sunday- 
school is prospering. Jan. 7 ninety were present.— Mrs. Sophie Wright, 
Los Angeles. Calif,, Jan. 7. 

Covina church met in council Jan. S, with Bro. Chemberlen pre- 
siding. He was reelected elder for this year. Other officers are: 
E. E. Shaver, clerk; Ida Fesler, church correspondent; Eulalia Over- 
holtzcr, " Messenger " agent. We decided to increase our financial 
board from three to five and contemplate adopting the envelope 
system. Committees were appointed to choose a Missionary Com- 
mittee and also an Educational Board. With their help we hope 
to do more definite work along these lines. Nov. 26 the deputation 
team of the La Verne Mission Band gave a very inspirational pro- 
gram on both home and foreign work. The churches of our town 
united in a Thanksgiving service on Wednesday evening, and the 
following Sunday our pastor gave his Thanksgiving sermon. An of- 
fering of about $110 was lifted for World-Wide Missions. Bro. 
Smcltzcr continues with his uplifting sermons. Dec. 24 Bro. Mishler, 
of Indiana, preached for us in the morning. In the evening we 
listened to a well-rendered Christmas program. Jan. 7 an offering 
of $30 was lifted for the Italian work in Brooklyn.— Eulalia Over- 
holtzcr, Covina, Calif., Jan. 8. 

Empire.— Dec. 24 our Sunday-school took an offering of $36.40 
for the Italian Mission of Brooklyn. On Christmas Day we had 
services— Bro. Levi Winklebleck giving us some splendid thoughts. 
Wc also took an offering for a needy family. New Year's even- 
ing the Deputation Team of the Volunteer Mission Band of La 
Verne College gave us a splendid program along the line of mission 
work. Jan. S we met in members' meeting, with Eld. Levi Winkle- 
bleck presiding. Eleven certificates were granted. Jan. 9 we met 
in special council, to discuss the financial situation and affairs 
of the church for the ensuing year.— John W. Vetter, Empire, Calif., 
Jan. 10. 

Lindsay. — We enjoyed two very entertaining and instructive il- 
lustrated lectures Jan. 7, given by Brethren I. V. Funderburgh and 
Lcland Brubakcr, of La Verne College. Considerable of the history 
of the school and also its present condition were shown by the 
slides. It was a unique introduction to the school for those not 
acquainted with it, while for others it brought back many recol- 
lections of bygone days. Dec. 27 the college Deputation Team gave 
a splendid missionary program, presenting the task of the Breth- 
ren Church in both the home and the foreign fields. The speaking 
as well as the music was much appreciated. Our Sunday-school 
gave two very entertaining programs for Christmas. The offering of 
$38 was sent to the Brooklyn Italian Mission. Jan. 5 the par- 
sonage caught fire and burned to the ground. It was set on fire 
by the electric wires. Practically all the contents of the house 
were burned, as no one was at home at the time. The house will 
be rebuilt at once— Effie Metzger, Strathmore, Calif., Jan. 8. 

Waterford.— Bro John Heckman, of Polo, 111., held a two weeks' 
series of meetings, closing Dec. 20, with a love feast. Each evening 
twenty minutes were spent in a Bible story. Special music was 
given by the Live Wire Class. The sermons were uplifting and the 

and we trust that much good has been accomplished.— Flora E. 
Funilerburg, Roanoke, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Mexico.— Jan. 7 was Missionary Day. Our missionary committee 
deserves much credit for planning the meeting and for its success 
both spiritually and financially. This is a yearly event in the 
church and is looked forward to with much interest. On that 
day we raise the funds for the support of Sister Grisso. who has 
heen under our care since being in India. Eld. Winger preached a 
missionary sermon on "Christians as the Salt of the Earth." A class 
of sixteen boys and girls brought in about $70 earned by working 
during the summer. A total of $414 was offered. A special feature 
of the offering was the bank account of little Lena Snyder, who 
passed away so suddenly after accepting Christ by baptism.— Ira 
Fisher, Mexico, Ind., Jan. IS. 

Muncie church met in called council Jan. 11, to elect offic< 

of the 

1 one was recla 


,ed. We held services 
for World-Wide Mis- 
. Davis, of La Verne, 
Dec. 28 we held our 

Cynthia Fox, correspond! 
ary Committees also 


nth Bro. Frank Hay in charge 
elected pastor for another year by 
baker and Geo. Brenner were clec 
clerk; the writer, correspondent 

/isiting elders 




D. Kerlin 

Bro. Geo. L. 

agent. Four 
Ancil Priddy, 

attendance was good, in spit- 
wit h the church by baptism, an 
Thanksgiving Day and a collection 
sions. Nov. 24 Bro. Sanger, of Empire, and 1 
were with us in the interest of the college. 
council, with Eld. Deardorff presiding. Three letters 
and two were granted. Wc elected a Ministerial Board. A Mis- 
sionary Committee also was appointed, to look up a location where 
wc may have a Sunday-school and services for those who do not 
attend other places.— Mrs. Robt. Kennedy, Waterford, Calif., Jan. 10. 


Fruita.— Jan S the church met in council, with Eld. J. R. Frantz 
presiding. The following officers were elected: Bro. Salem Beery, 
elder; Bro. Fred Brown, clerk; Bro. S. H. High, trustee; Bro. J. 
A. Austin, " Messenger " agent; the writer, church correspondent. 
At a previous coWncil Bro. J. L. Kccdy was chosen Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Effie Gnagey, Christian Workers' president. 
Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' activities have all 
prospered during the past year. The outlook for the coming year 
is very bright. It is encouraging to see the earnestness and faith- 
fulness of our membership.— Anna Stoudcr, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 12. 


Nczperce church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. S. F. Niswander 
as moderator. Two letters were granted. The following officers 
were elected for the year: Elder, A. R. Fikc; clerk, Josie Thomas; 
Sumla> -school superintendent, Sister Emma Mitchel. The Brethren 
.ind Methodist people of Nezpercc will have a union revival some- 
time in February, conducted by Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa.— 
Sadie Johnson, Nezpercc, Idaho, Jan. 11. 


Hickory Grove church met hi council Nov. 11, with Eld. J. W. 

Rogers presiding. Bro. D. M. Byerly was elected elder; Bro. John 

Taylor, clerk; Bro. Samuel Studebaker, "Messenger" agent; Sister 

L. Paul, L. L. Teeter and O. D. Werking.— Geo. Kimmcl. Muncie. Ind., 
Jan. 12. 

Upper Deer Creek.— It was not intended that additions to the 
church he reported twice, although mentioned in two reports. The 
correct report should be six additions by baptism; two have promised 
to be baptized later, through the efforts of Bro. B. D. Hirt. of 
Winamac. Ind.— Boyd Bechtelheimer, Galveston, Ind., Jan. 13. 


Greene.— The Sunday-school here is entering the eighth year of 
the Home Department work. Our branch department at Nashua, 
twenty miles distant, is doing splendid work under the direction of 
Sister Peterson. All enjoy and arc interested in reading the Sunday- 
school literature. Although some are very poor, financially, they en- 
joy sending their offerings each quarter. Sister Peterson is also 
interested in the Sunday-school work at the "Little Brown Church." 
It is a struggle to keep the work going there during the winter. 
Just now there are only eleven in attendance and five of them her 
own family. Her faith is strong and she says we do not want to 
close, but will try a little longer and hope for better results.— 
Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, Jan. 15. 


Osage.— Our revival meeting began Dec. 7 and continued for about 
two weeks, with Bro. O. H. Feilcr, of Navarre, Kans., as evangelist. 
A great interest was manifest in the program, put on ench even- 
ing by Bro, Feiler for the children and young people. We feel that 
much good was done. As a result five were baptized. Dec. 27 wc 
held our quarterly business meeting, with Eld. D. P. Nchcr in charge. 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were chosen. Mrs. 
Grover Clausen was elected "Messenger" agent and correspondent. 
Bro. Luckett, cd Wichita, Kans., is to hold our revival in August. 
Bro. Roy H. Neher, now of Enterprise. "Kans., and Bro. D. W. 
Shideler and wife, of the home church, were advanced to the elder- 
ship at this meeting. Our elder was given the authority to appoint 
three members, to serve with the elder and superintendent as a 
Sunday-school Board. The members of this Board met Jan. 14 tor 
organization. We also discussed problems pertaining to the ad- 
vancement and progress of the Sunday-school.— May Nicholson. Mc- 
Cunc, Kans., Jan. IS. 

Pleasant View church met in business session Dec. IS, with Eld. 
W. A. Kinzie presiding, assisted by Eld. F. E. Marchand. All church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for the year were 
elected: Bro. Kinzie was unanimously reelected elder; clerk, V. W. 
Hornbaker; Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Emma Hornbaker; 
Primary Department, Sister Inez Oxley; Cradle Roll, Sister Gertrude 
Finfrock; president of the Christian Workers' Band, Sister Nellie 
Hollinger; president of the Junior Band, Sister Oxley. It was voted 
to hold a Vacation Bible School again the coming summer. At 
the close of the meeting installation services were held for our 
pastor and wife, Brother and Sister W. Earl Breon, who were 
ordained to the eldership. Sister Oxley, was received into the minis- 
try with her husband, Bro. T. P. Oxley. Three deacons were chosen. 
A Thanksgiving offering of $16.27 was lifted for the general mission 
fund, and $6.65 for the Italian Mission in Brooklyn. A very inter- 
esting Christmas program was rendered Dec. 24, to a large audience.— 
V. W. Hornbaker, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 15. 

Rock Creek.— The district schoql and our Sunday-school had a 
joint program and Christmas tree in the church on Christmas Eve. 
A treat was given to the children, and many substantial gifts were 
given to the pastor and familv. Two gifts that could not be placed 
on a tree were these: A young brother offered his life for Christian 
deacons pledged himself to finance him through 
jgrit we had a Get-Together Meeting and Re- 
Yesterday afternoon Eld. W. "" 

service, and one of the 
school. New Year's i: 
ccption for 

ill, and Eld. Roy K 

f Sabetha, were with 
to preach. He leaves at once 

preparation for his chosen work — he 
tioned.— J. J. Tawzer, Sabetha, Kans., 

Yodcr, of Mori 

Bro. Fred Deai 

for McPherson, to start on 

receiving the support above i 

Jan. IS. 

Salem Community.— A fellowship community meeting was held at 
the church Jan. 1, with about 300 at the banquet which was held in 
the basement. Judge Steward, of Hutchinson, gave the main ad- 
dress. There were also toasts and music by quartets and an 
orchestra, As this meeting proved succesful, another is being 
planned, with the addition of a business meeting, to be held at the 
church in February.— May McGouigle, Sterling, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Scott Valley church met in council Jan. 6, with our pastor, Bro. 
D. P. Schechter, presiding. One letter was granted. Sunday-school 
officers were elected, with Bro. J. W, Brammell, superintendent. We 
decided to have a Cradle Roll in our Sunday-school, with Sister 
Olive Schechter as superintendent. She is also Christian Workers' 
president. Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., have 
heen secured to hold a revival, beginning about Sept. 1. Bro. R. W. 
Quakenbush came to us Nov. 12, to bold a series of meetings, but 
was called home on account of illness. He returned Dec. 5 and re- 
mained for almost two weeks.— Purnia Smith, Wavcrly, Kans., Jan. 

Washington.— Dec. 28 Bro. 
to this church and remainei 
cellen t scriptural sermons 
refreshed and strengthened, 
speaker. The weather wa 
audiences increased in 

;. D. Steward, of Abilene, Kans., came 
welve days. He delivered fourteen ex- 
d baptized seven applicants. All feel 
Bro. Steward is a forceful and logical 
fine, ' the roads were good, and the 
Any one des" 

tcrial, Temperance 
It was decided to have a series 
ec tings iii 1923, beginning about the middle of September and 
losing with a love feast. On Christmas Eve the Sunday-school gave 
lifted for the Italian church in Brooklyn. 
once a month during the winter.— Edgar 
Pennv.ille, Ind., Jan. 12. 
Markle church met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. Hart sough pre- 
siding. Other ministers present were Brethren D. M. Byerly. D. 
W. Paul, D. B. Garbcr and B. D. Kerlin. Two letters were re- 
ceived and one was granted. The following church officials were 
elected: Elder, Bro. D. W. Paul; clerk, Sister Lina Bowman; corre- 
spondent, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Wallace 
Hcaston. Bro. Hcastoi. and Bro. Mcrril Winebrenner were called 
to the deacon's office and, with their wives, duly installed. 

alight c 
Gauby, Washingtc 

'ell to 

installed into the eldership. The church decided to hold 
of nut tings in Mwy, with Bro. H. L. Hart sough, evangelist. On 
Christmas Eve the Primary and Junior Departments rendered a 
very fitting program. Dec. 17- Sister Laura Shock, recently from 
China, gave us a very interesting talk on Christianity in China. 
An offering of $13 was lifted for the mission field. Our pastor and 
Wife have been laboring earnestly for the upbuilding of the church, 

neetings this spring, 
correspond with Bro. Steward.- 


Roanoke church met in council Dec. .10, with Eld. J. F. Hoke pre- 
siding. Officers were elected for the year: Bro. Hoke, elder; Bro. 
J. B. Firestone, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. A. A. Sutter, 
president of the Christian Workers' Band. Wc have a fine junior 
Band, under the supervision of Bro. Hoke, and the children are very 
much interested. Bro. Hoke held a week's series of meetings at 
Rose Pine, a mission point about a hundred miles northwest of here, 
closing with a love feast, at which nine of our members were present. 
Sister Lizzie Sutter was elected supervisor of the Junior Aid Society, 
and Sister Sue Bowers, president of the Senior Society. The Thanks- 
giving offering was $68.60; $51.45 was given to the District Mission 
Work, and $17.15 to the General Mission Board. The Jennings church 
has been disorganized for a number of years — the members living 
there preferring to attend the church at Roanoke The church- 
house has been sold and the money deposited as a building fund for 
the church here.— Sue Bowers, Roanoke, La., Jan. 10. 

Brownsville.— Exercises were held by the Sunday-school on Satur- 
day night before Christmas. An offering of $82 was taken for 
the Brooklyn Italian Mission. Part of this offering was given by 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


organized classes and the Sisters' Aid Society. Christmas exercises 
were also held at West and South Brownsville. Eld. John Bowlus, 
of the Pleasant View congregation, preached for us Jan. 7 when 
nn offering of $93 was taken for the Near East Relief, part of which 
was given by organized classes and the Aid Society. West Browns- 
ville gave $40 to the N ear East, and South Brownsville $7, making 
a total of $140 from this congregation. Our Sunday-school reorganized 
Dec. 31, reelecting Bro. Wilbur S. Jennings superintendent. The 
Cflmtian Workers" Meeting reelected Bro. Chas. Hoffmaster presi- 
dent.-Mrs. Nellie S. KaetzeL Brownsville, Md., Jan. 11. 


Sugar Ridge church met in members* meeting Jan. 6. with Bro. 
J. J. Hamm presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. D O Flory 
was reelected trustee for three years. Various appointments on 
committees were made. Jan. 9 Bro. Wilkins. of Grand Rapids, came 
to us in the interest of District work and remained until the ISth 
preaching in all seven Spirit-filled sermons. The church was 
S „ piriM !?,", y strengthened and many good impressions were made. 
Bro. W.lkms held forth the Word with power; and preached the 
full Gospel.. On Sunday we raised an offering of $34.68 for District 
mission work.— Wm. Saxton, Custer, Mich., Jan. 15. 

Zion church met in business session recently, with Bro. W H 
Good as moderator. Several letters of membership were granted. 
I he election of officers resulted as follows: Bro. W. H. Good elder 
in charge; C. E. Switzer, writing clerk; John Krantz, "Messenger" 
agent; the undersigned, correspondent; M. L. Moats. Sunday-school 
superintendent; Mrs. M. L. Moats, Primary superintendent; Mrs. 
W. H. Good, Cradle Roll superintendent; John Meiscr, Christian 
Workers president. A missionary committee also was choscn.—Ncva 
Martindale, Prescott, Mich., Jan. 8, 

and church. If anyone is looking for a ehurch home in a healthful 
?„?.' C t mC '" . Nor,h Dako,:l - We expect a number of visitors 
irom the bast this summer, en route to Annual Confcre 
Deal, Rock Lake, N. Dak.. Jan. 8. 


Turtle Mountain church i 

i council Jan. 7, at the home of the 


Lewiston.— Dec. 24 the Sunday-school gave a very interesting 
Christmas program in the form of a children's playlet, with recita- 
tions ahd musical numbers, after which a treat was given the 
children. A watch meeting was held New Year's Eve, together with 
recitations, readings, and a radio concert, which was much en- 
joyed. The Gallant Workers' Sunday-school Class filled a Christ- 
mas box of clothing, which was sent to Chicago.— Mrs. Laura L 
Wcimcr, Lewiston, Minn., Jan. 13. 

Minneapolis church met in council Nov. 14, with Bro. D. F. Landis 
presiding. Bro. D. H. Keller was elected elder. We are glad that 
the Mission Board has secured Brother and Sister Keller to take 
charge of the work here. We feel sure that things will take on 
new life and that the church will experience a permanent growth. 
Christmas Eve the Sunday -school rendered a program which was well 
attended. An offering of $35.65 was lifted for the Italian Mission 
in Brooklyn. It was decided to continue the Ladies' Aid Society. 
We held our holiday sale Dec. 15, the receipts amounting to $62.44. 
Jan. 3 officers were elected, with Sister D. H. Keller, president. 
A constitution was also adopted and it was decided to send $10 to 
the Near East Relief. Jan. 7 an offering of $50.56 was taken for the 
Near East Relief.— Mrs. L. J. Thomas, Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 8. 


Deepwater church met in council Jan. 13. We decided to have 
a series of meetings sometime in the future. Our elder, Bro. T. 
Simmons, remained over Sunday and gave us three good sermons. 
He also gave a talk to the children.— Lizzie Fahnestock, Montrose, 
Mo., Jan. 15. ' 

Mountain Grove.— Jan. 7 we reorganized our Sunday-school with 
Sister Peterson, superintendent. Our school moves along nicely, 
with a favorable outlook for more and better work to be done the 
coming year. We still meet each Wednesday night in cottage 
prayer meetings, with good interest manifested.— Jennie Neher, 
Mountain Grove, Mo., Jan. 12. 

Kalispell church met in council Jan. 6, for the election of church 
and Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Kao presiding. Bro. Harp 
was elected elder in charge; Bro. Kao, church trustee; Sister Ollie 
Harp, "Messenger" ageui; Bro. Paul KaufTman, Sunday-school 
superintendent. We have had, services every Sunday but one, so 
far this winter, though sometimes only six are present. A few 
tan not come in the winter, who are with us during the summer.— 
Nellie Kao, Creston, Mont., Jan. 9. 


Kearney church met in council Dec. 30, for the election of all 
church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers. Christmas 
was observed by a program on Christmas Eve. A treat of candy, 
nuts and apples was given at the close of the program.— Mary F. 
May, Kearney, Ncbr., Jan. 10. 

Omaha.— Our Christmas program, given Dec. 22 to a full house, 
was very successful. An offering of $17.15 was sent to the Italian 
Brooklyn Mission. The new year is starting out in a very en- 
couraging manner and we believe that prayer is doing much for the 
work. Our Sunday-school attendance, Jan. 7, was eighty-five, which 
is believed to be the largest since the church was built.- As the 
result of our pastor's recent invitations, eight have been baptized. 
Three new families were thus reached. Our three adult Sunday- 
school classes are organized and doing good work. Each meets once 
a month for a short business session and social in the different 
homes. Our senior Christian Workers are now taking up a study 
of the History of the Brethren Church, and splendid interest is 
manifested. Last Sunday Sister Johnson organized an intermediate 
and junior Christian Workers' Society with twenty-three present. 
Jan. 5 Brother and Sister Sargent, from Bethany Bible School, gave 
us an illustrated lecture entitled, " A Bright Light in a Great 
City," which was much enjoyed. An offering was received in sup- 
port of this work.— Mrs. O. J. Dickey, Omaha, Nebr., Jan. 9. 

Miami church, under the instruction of Prof. E. M. Studcbaker, of 
McPherson College, enjoyed a rare treat during the holidays, in the 
form of a Bible Institute. Prof. Studebaker knows his Bible and 
has the happy faculty of making it absorbingly interesting to both 
old and young. Our communion service was held at the close of the 
Institute. These services are always well attended and at this one 
our entire membership of young people but one was in attendance. Our 
first council for the new year was held Jan. 6. A number of letters 
were granted. The following officers were elected for the year: Elder, 
Ira J. Lapp; clerk, Prank Fox; trustee for three years, D. M. Miller; 
member of Pastoral Board, D. M. Eller; member of Finance Board, D. 
D. Eikenberry; "Messenger" agent, Mrs. Gibson; the writer corre- 
spondent. The church has been divided into two districts for cottage 
Prayer meetings, to be continued from now till Easter. Our Sunday- 
school sent $28 to the Italian church building fund. Bro. S. Z. Smith, of 
Sidney, Ohio, has been secured as our evangelist for September, 1923.— 
Jennie Vicngst, Miami, N. Mex., Jan. 10. 


Maple Grove. — Our Sunday-school is progressing nicely this winter. 
We have reorganized for 1923, with very good attendance. Wc 
are well pleased with our work for last year, as twenty-two new 
members were taken in. The church met in council Jan. 6. Bro. 
H- J. Woodie was reelected elder for 1923; church clerk, Bro. 
C. F. Weaver; Blanche Miller, church correspondent; C. F. Weaver, 
" Messenger " agent. An offering of $25.70 was given to the church 
treasurer, and $10 was received for two quilts the sisters sold— 
this money also to go to church purposes. A committee was ap- 
twinted to look after repairing our church.— Blanche Miller, Lex- 
uigton, N. C, Jan. 13. 


Brumbaugh church met in council Jan. 4. with Bro. John Deal, our 
elder, in charge. Bro. E. Samson was elected Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Agnes Deal, church clerk. We are few in number, 
but have Sunday-school and church every Sunday morning. How 
ever, there are a number of folks in our neighborhood unreached; 
» wc could get them to come, we would have a live Sunday-school 

ig of Feb. 9. It 
hold a revival meeting 
increasing steadily. 

pastor, with Eld. Earl L. Flora presiding Three letters were re 

ccived. We planned our love feast for the 

was decided to try to/ secure a minister to 

early in the summer Our Sunday xchool ,s 

with Bro. Chas. Noakcs. superintend en t.-Mr a. Laura L. Flora, 

Carpenter, N. Dak., Jan, 10. ' 


Ft. McKinley.-The new members of Our Sunday-school organiza- 
tion took their places Jan. 7, with Bro. W. C. Baker, superintendent. 
the installation services were conducted by Bro. H. W. Holler 
Ihe interest seems to be growing and we ore hoping to do a greater 
work m 1923 than ever before. It is the church's desire that Bro' 
A. L. Klcp.nger do some pastoral work among the members. Wc 
are endeavoring to place the "Messenger" in every home, through 
he earnest efforts of Bro. Chester Beeghley. We went in a body 
to the West Dayton church, to hear Bro. H. C. Early Jan. 4 Wc 
expect Bro. Finnell to give one of his lectures Jan 11 Our revival 
Da t y to h n 8 oJo eb 'jan 'y" ** COntlUCte<I by Bro - S ' Z " Smith.-Ircnc Holler. 

Palter Creek church met in council Dec. 9 with Eld. Lawrence 
Krcidcr presiding. Visiting ministers were Brethren R. N. Leather- 
man and Newton Bmkley. Officers for the year were chosen: Bro. 
Waiter bwmger, Sunday-school superintendent; J Q Neher Chris- 
tian Workers' superintendent; Bro. L. Kreidcr. Forward Movement 
director Since Dr. Brubaker does not need our support at present, 
nt was - de , c,de ll '° K,vc '° the Widow.' Home of India during 1923 

Nov. 27 the Franklin and Monroe Townships held a Sundaj ,cl 

Convention here In the evening a Young People's Conference was 
held. In the afternoon Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Pleasant Hill gave 
a very inspiring address on Sunday-school evangelism. In the even- 
ng Bro. Dante 1 also of Pleasant Hill, gave a splendid address to 
the young people. Dec. 3 Sister Barbara Nickcy gave a very inter- 
esting account of her work in India. Dec. 4 Bro. R. N. Leather.nan 
began a two weeks' series of meetings at the Red River house. The 
meetings were very well attended throughout. Fourteen were bap- 
tized anTl one was reclaimed. Feb, 3 Bro. Lear will give the first 
ccture at the Red River house. Feb. 4 Bro. Finnell will he at the 
1 aintcr Creek house—Mrs. Irvin Fourman, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 9. 
Trotwood church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. D. M Garvcr 
presiding. The presence and assistance of Eld. L. A. Bookwolter 
was appreciated. Bro. D. M. Carver was elected pastor lor another 
year. The question of remodeling our church was deferred until 
spring. We adopted the new song book, "Hymns of Praise" 
Christmas evening an offering was lifted for the Brooklyn Italian 
Mission.— Vtrgie Eby, Trotwood, Ohio, Jan. 10. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. J. W. Sata 
presiding. He was reelected elder and pastor for the year. Of- 
ficers for the Sunday-school were chosen, with Bro Ira Mohler 
superintendent; Sister Abbic Pote, Home Department; Sister Elsie 
Fillmore, Cradle Roll. Officers for the Christian Workers' Societl 
were appointed, with Bro. Chas. Pote, president; Sister Ruth Holder- 
read, Junior superintendent. A primary department was organized 
with Sister Lottie Pippiuger superintendent. Bro. Andrew Holder- 
read was chosen "Messenger" agent; Sister Lucinda Fillmore, cor- 
respondent. The Sunday-school gave a very interesting Christmas 
program, after which an offering was taken for Near East Re- 
lief.— Nellie B. Holsinger, Ripley, Okla., Jan. 8. 

Red River church met in council Dec. 28, with Bro. Joe Nill pre 
siding. Officers were elected: Bro. Nill,. elder for another year; 
Sister Lizzie Hart, clerk; Pearl Whitlock, " Messenger " agent and 
church correspondent. Sister Hart was appointed to write to Bro. 
Lapp m regard to holding a series of meetings in August —Pearl Whit- 
lock, Loveland, Okla., Jan. 10. 

Washita church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. John I'itzer in 
charge. Officers for the year were elected: Bro. D. E. Cripe, elder- 
Bro. O. D. Yoder, superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. Victor 
Vamman, president of Christian Endeavor Society; Sister Iva Lober, 
president of Junior Society. With the beginning of the year, graded 
' lessons were adopted in the Sunday-school. A Teacher- training 
Class was also started. The Mission Study Class is progressing nicely, 
with large attendance and much interest. On New Year's Eve a 
missionary pageant, "The Pill Bottle," was given to a crowded house 
of people, who seemed to appreciate it very much.— Mae Blough 
Cloud Chief, Okla., Jan. 14. 


Altoona.— The Twenty -Eighth Street ehurch members met in busi- 
ness meeting, Dec. 27, with Eld. D. B. Maddocks presiding. Bro 
Maddocks will continue as elder during the coming year, and Bro. 
C. B. Replogle as clerk. Three new members, in addition to pastor 
and Sunday-school superintendent, were elected to serve on the 
Board of Religious Education. Thirteen were baptized and ten were 
received by letter. We lost two members by death, and one member 
was given a letter. The net increase for the year was twenty. Bro. 
Cox was elected as president of Senior Christian Workers' Meeting] 
and Mrs. Waltz as superintendent of the Junior Christian Workers. 
The church adopted the duplex envelope system for the year, Wc 
had a very elaborate Christmas program, consisting of "recitations 
and Christmas music. Offering lor the poor amounted to $3S. Bro. 
S. N. Brumbaugh was elected as superintendent of Sunday-school, 
and H. Atlec Brumbaugh as superintendent of Adult Department. 
The average attendance during the year was 160— a good increase 
over 1921. During the recent absence of the pastor, Bro. B. F. 
Ranck preached in the morning and Bro. G. W. Dixon in the even- 
ing. Our pastor, Bro. Waltz, preaches interesting doctrinal sermons 
in the morning, and evangelistic sermons in the evening. The junior 
congregation, which meets for ten minutes between Sunday -school 
and church, greatly enjoys the five-minute sermons of our pastor. 
The series of maps, recently presented to the church by the Loyal 
Workers' Class, and now in general use, are very much appreciated. 
— Ardie Replogle, Altoona, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Bachmanville. Sunday-school, Concwago congregation, opcn;d April 
2, 1922, and continued her work throughout the entire summer. The 
school opened with nine present and through the efforts of a 
wide-awake and enthusiastic superintendent and his colaborcrs, the 
enrollment grew to sixty-five. The majority of these were children 
who had to walk quite a distance. Due to this fact and bad roads, 
many times, the children could not have attended, so we closed our 
Sunday-school lor the winter. We are greatly pleased with the at- 
tendance and interest manifested. One pupil aged nine years, at- 
tended every Sunday and for her loyalty, interest and perfect at- 
tendance, the superintendent presented her with a red letter Testa- 
ment. We feel that much good seed has been sown and row wc 
need laborers to gather the harvest.— M. S. Brandt, Elizabethtown, 
Pa., Jan. 8. 

Belle Vernon. — Dec. 31 a Sunday-school Christmas service was held 
with eighty-six persons present. On account of our services being 
held in a rented church, the program committee experienced some 
Inconvenience in rehearsing, but deserved praise, for the children did 
their parts well. A quartet acceptably sang two selections. Each 
member of the school was treated to a half-pound box of candy. 
At the service six of the scholars were awarded a Robert Raikcs 
diploma for meeting the standard of excellence in point of attend- 
ance during the year. The officers -elect, for the ensuing year, were 
installed by the writer. Jan. 1 the first quarterly business meet- 
ing of the Sunday-school was held. The first offering by the Sun- 
day-school in each quarter is used to help support the missionaries 
from this State District on the foreign field. At the first regular 
session of the school, Jan. 7, wc were glad to see practically all 
of the 1922 scholars back and several new ones, including parents, 
making an initial enrollment, in the main school, for the new year, 
of seventy-four.— F. D. Anthpny, Belle Vernon, Pa., Jan. 10. 

r-.^ ol ' v , ttr I ch " rch ,n « in council in the Robinson house Jan. S, with 
tm" ; r J \ Dr ° u * hcr P^siding. The following officers were elected: 
Elder M. J Brougher; church secretary, Mrs. C. J. Bowser; corre- 
spondent, W. J. Brendhnger; "Messenger" agent, Mrs. B. A. St 
Clair; Sunday -school superintendent, H. P. Donahue Christian Work 
crs* officers also were elected, with the writer, president. We have 
no resident minister and wc had very few preaching services dur- 
ing the year; but wc have had an evergreen, live and growing Sun- 
day-school and Christian Workers' Meeting. In order to secure some 
minister to preach for us, a pastoral committee was elected.— W. J. 
Brendhnger, Robinson, Ta,, Jan. 9. 

Chambcrsburg church held an election for Sunday-school officers 
Bro. G. A. Stouffcr was reelected superintendent; also president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Dec. 17 wc held our Christmas exercises 
which were very fine. Our Sunday-school is getting along nicely! 
Bro DL Little and wife, of Hanover, Pa., presented the church 
with a handsome communion set lor a Christmas gilt. We appreciate 
it very much. Wc will have two scries of meetings, with Brethren 
Replogle and Kahle. evangelists. The time will be announced later.- 
Peter S. Lehman, Chambcrsburg, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Elk Lick.-Our regular church council met Jan. 6, with Eld D K 
Clapper presiding. All church officers were elected for the year. 
Bro. D. K. Clapper was retained as elder; M. S. Maust, clerk; trustees, 
Bro. F A. and M. S. Maust. Other officers also were chosen. Plans 
were discussed lor the year. Wc reorganized our Sunday-school Jan 
7, with Bro. Clarence Maust, superintendent.— Sallic E. Lichly, Elk 
Lick, Pa., Jan, 15. 

Ephrata.-Dcc. 24 a Christmas cantata entitled. " Yulctidc Memo- 
ries, was rendered by thirty-five members of the Sunday-school 
(Continued on Page 64) 


ABILENE, KANS.-Rcport of the Holland Aid Society of the 
Abilene church: Enrollment. 14; average attendance, 8. Wc quilted 
2 quilts, knotted 4 comforters, sewed carpcl-rags. had a Halloween 
social and served at two public sales, which netted a nice sum of 
money. Wc always try to remember the sick within our Aid circle 
Wc also paid toward the church piano. Officers: Mrs. S. D. Spiccr' 
I resident; Mrs. W. A. Mourcr, Vice-President; Miss Mildred Mourcr' 
Secretary-Treasurer. Receipts, $100; expenditures, $95.50; wc have 
in the bank, $65.01.— Mrs. Halph Spicer, Abilene, Kans., Jan. 5. 

ANTIOCH, VA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Enrollment 24- 
number of meetings, 14; average attendance, 9. We made 60 prayed 
coverings, 8 aprons, 19 bonnets, 25 other garments, quilted 2 quilts 
and made I comfort. Clothing, provisions and money, amounting 
to $13, were given to a poor family; 14 garments to another family; 
6 bonnets and 8 prayer-covenngs to poor sisters. Balance from 
last year, $8.44; money received for things made and sold, Ices, dona- 
tions and extracts, $115.81; total, $124.25; spent for material and ex- 
tracts, $58.44. Wc gave to Forward Movement, $10; foreign mission 
fund, $10; church building in California, $5; General Secretary, Si- 
balance, $40.89. Officers: President, Sister Nora Flora; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Sister Bessie Lapradc; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs 
A. 0. Brubaker, Callaway, Va„ Jan. 2. 

BLUEFIELD, W. VA.-Kcport of Ladies' Aid Society: Enrollment, 
13; average attendance, 8, Within the past year we made $225 01 
fey serving suppers and light refreshments to our Men's Club; 
piecing and quilting quilts, making fancy aprons and crocheting 
various articles; $130 was given toward our pastor's salary $513 
to an orphan child; $10 to the District Secretary; one quilt, valued 
at $7.50, donated to Sister Wimmer as a Christmas gift- amount in 
treasury, $55.72. Officers: Mrs. J. H. Wimmer, President; Mrs. S. 
H. Morns, Vice-President; Mrs. A. L. McDaniel, Superintendent; 
Mrs. C. E. Boone, Secretary; Mrs. S. A. Kahle, Treasurer.-Mrs. 
C E. Boone, Blucfield, W. Va., Jan. 5. 

CHIPPEWA VALLEY, WIS.-Rcport of Aid Society; Number of 
meetings held, 13; average attendance, 38; average number of visitors. 
6. Our work consisted mostly of making quilts and prayer-cover- 
ings. One quilt was donated to a needy family. We received $73.52; 
balance (rom last year, $34.85; total, $108.37; wc paid $50 on 
the parsonage and $17.80 for shades and curtain rods; $9 for ex- 
press charges on provisions sent to Hastings Street Mission, Chicago; 
$12.79, miscellaneous; balance, $18.78. Officers: President, Sister Mag- 
gie Weber; Vice-President, Sister Estella Peden; Secretary-Treasurer, 
Sister Florence Isham.— Mac Cripe, Mondovi, Wis., Jan. 2. 

COVINGTON, OHIO.— Report of Aid Society for the year ending 
Dec. 20, 1922: Forty-seven meetings were held, with an average at- 
tendance of fourteen. Wc made 10 quilts, 4 comforters, 221 sun- 
bonnets, and 167 miscellaneous garments. Receipts from various 
kinds of work, $300. Officers; Mrs. S. S. Miller, president; Mrs. Aaron 
Landis, Vice-President; Mrs. Catherine Boaz, Secretary-Treasurer.— 
Mrs. Forrest Honeyman, Covington, Ohio, Dec, 20. 

DENTON, MD.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Wc held 40 all- 
day meetings, with an average attendance of 6. We purchased one- 
half gross of vanilla extract, which we expect to dispose of. We 
quilted 6 quilts, knotted 4 comforts and made 4 down comforts, 35 
prayer-coverings and did miscellaneous sewing. We purchased screens 
for the church, $24.61; gave $25 to Industrial School in Virginia; $1 for 
District expense; cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1922, $38.13; amount re- 
ceived, $71.83; total, $109.96; expenditures, $95.70; balance, $14,26, 
Officers: Mrs. Cora McDaniel, President; Mrs. Anna Brumbaugh, 
Vice-President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Grace K. Zieglcr, 
Denton, Md., Jan. 5. 

EAST DAYTON, OHIO.— Report of Aid Society: Wc held 8 all-day 
and 7 half-day meetings, with an average attendance of 8. We 
made 8 comforts, quilted 3 quilts, made 4 bonnets and 12 other 
articles, besides a number of prayer-veils. We did some sewing for 
a crippled sister. Paid $5.39 for materials and expenses; gave $19.31 
to needy; received for work done, $12.90; by donation, $14.57; Aid 
collections, $27.77; chairs and papering of church, $119.12. Officers: 
President, SiBter Ella Brumbaugh; Superintendent, Sister Dacie Bald- 
win; Treasurer, Sister Hat tic Henry; Secretary, the writer.— Lida 
Baldwin, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

ELK LICX, PA.— Report ol Sisters' Aid Society: We held 46 all- 
day meetings; enrollment, 24; average attendance, 11. Wc quilted 
2i quilts and made several gowns. Money received lor quilts, Jot; 
rainy-day social, $40; receipts, $207.12; paid out for Old Folks' Home 
and World-Wide Missions. $24.25; $12 for Industrial School in Virginia; 
$30.28 (or home use; in bank, $142.59. Officers: President, Mrs. Frank 
Maust; Vice-President, Mrs. Mary Newman; Secretary-Treasurer, 
the writer.— Sallic E. Lichty, Elk Lick, Pa., Jan. 4. 

FRANKLIN GROVE, ILL.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 
38 meetings, with an average attendance of 13; enrollment, 23. Re- 
ceipts for year, $182.99; paid out, $158.89; on hand, $24.10; gave to 
Russian sufferers, $15; Mt. Morris College, $15; Oakland church, 
$5; Darlcne Buttcrbaugh, India, $10; home missions, $50; Hastings 
Street Mission, $8.27; Italian work, $5; General Mission Board, $15: 
total, $123.27; donated 400 quarts of canned fruit. 5 gallons of dried 
corn and sack of dried apples to Mt. Morris College, Bethany Bible 
School and Bethany Hospital; also 3 sacks of clothing and provisions 
to missions in Chicago. We quilted 16 quilts, made 15 bonnets and 6 
aprons and tied 6 comforters, besides sewing for families. Officers: 
President, Sister Mollie Zarger; Superintendent, Sister Mary Lehman; 
Secretary -Treasurer, the writer.— Grace Wolf, Franklin Grove, 111., 
Jan. 4. 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND-— Report of Ladies' Aid Society: We held 40 
meetings; cnr611mcnt, 12; total attendance, 178. We made 235 sun- 
caps, 19 prayer-coverings, 20 quilts and 2 comforts. We received 
$164.21; gave $25 to Orphanage and Old Folks' Home at Middletown; 
$20 on furnace at church; $25 on parsonage debt; $34.89 for paper- 
ing and repairs at parsonage; helped some needy people in the city. 
Officers: Mrs. Robert Weeks, President; the writer, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Alice Waisner, Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 5. 

LADOGA, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society : We held 16 
meetings, with an average attendance of 13; total enrollment, 23. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 

Our work consisted of making comforts, bonnets and rugs. We sent 
seven gallons of apple-butter to the Old People's Home at Middle- 
town, led. We made and sent clothing to Chicago, to be distributed 
among the poor. Money on hand, at beginning of year, $61.20; re- 
ceived for membership fees and birthday .offerings, $21.45; mis- 
cellaneous. $46.48; sale-dinners and food-sales. $139.44; total, $266.47; 
expenditures for material, ^3.37; church funds. Sl.ll.31; total, $173.68; 
balance, $54.89. Officers: President, Alpha Gottschall; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Martha Himcs; Secretary, Mary Evcrhart; Treasurer, Mayme 
Frame; Superintendent, Daisy Shackleford.— Mary Evcrhart, Ladoga, 
Ind.. Jan, 8. 

LINV1LLE CREEK, VA.-Report ol Aid Society: We held 24 meet- 
ings; average attendance, 10. Collections. $16.47; birthday fees, $3,63. 
Our work consisted of piecing and quilting quilts, making bonnet; 


kinds of fancy work. We 

had a sale in July, clearing $43.55; also a Christmas sale, clearing 
$57.70. Total receipts, $172.08. Donations : To graveyard endow- 
ment fund, $16.50; Orphans' Home, $10; home missions, $25; Bro. 
L S. Long, $25; Russian sufferers, $25; Aid Society Home Mission 
fund, $50; balance, $55.84; sent a box to Orphanage, valued at 
$15.29. Officers: President, Sister Ottie Myers; Vice-President, Sister 
Mac Humbert; Treasurer, Sister Florence Kline; Secretary, the 
writer.— Mamie K. Myers, Broadway, Va., Jan. 8. 

MAPLE GLEN, PA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Enrollment, 
19. We held 46 meetings, with an average attendance of 5. Some of 
our sisters, who live far from the church, have organized a branch 
society and arc doing excellent work. Our work consisted of mak- 
ing prayer-coverings, quilts, comforts, rugs, aprons, etc, Wc donat- 
ed 2 woolen comforts, a quilt, 2 sheets and 4 pillow-slips to the 
Old Folks' Home. We paid $10 to China Hospital; $10 to Girls' Board- 
ing-School in India; $10 to Mexican School; $5 to Oakland church, 
Calif.; $10 as a gift to Sister Ida Shumaker; $1 for District expenses; 
$4 to a needy sister; $43.40 for silverware, dishes and table-cloth 
for the church; $45.31 for material. On hand, from last year. $35.07; 
paid out, $138.71; receipts. $151.28; on hand, $47.64. Officers: Presi- 
dent, Sister Lucy Peck; Vice-President, Sister Mary E. Davis; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, the writer,— Olive M. Peck, Fort Hill, Pa., Jan. 3. 

MECHANICSBURG, PA— Officers: Sister Effic Stambaugh, Prcsi: 
dent; Sister Addie Mohler. Vice-President; Sister Fairy Hershman, 
Secretary; Sister Estclla Lininger, Treasurer. We held 50 all-day 
meetings, with an average attendance of 6; enrollment, 15. We 
quilted IS quilts, made 3 comlorts, 26 bonnets. Received from week- 
ly collections, $21.79; quilting, $58.99; comforts, $2,83; donations and 
aprons, $2.17; bonnets, $11.39; total, $97.17; money on hand from 
last year, $47.15; expenditures for material, $19.63; home missions, 
$48; to the needy, $40; Bethany Hospital, $25; total, $132.63; balance, 
$9.64; on interest, $50, leaving $59.64 in treasury.— Fairy Hershman, 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., Jan. 4. 

MIDDLE CREEK, PA.— Report of Aid Society: Enrollment, 30; we 
held 12 meetings, with an average atteudance of 18. Donations, 
$36.12; offerings. $17.23; cook books, $6.75; aprons, $4.05; absent fees, 
$6,90; rugs, $18; vanilla, $21.70; wash-powder, $8.17; rust-remover, 
$7.25; quills, $28; rainy-day bags, $1.96; pound social, $4.75; church 
supper, $39.61; for lights, $35.50; miscellaneous, $4.75; on hand Jan. 1, 
1922, $37; total, $277.83. Expenditures: Girls' Boarding-School, India, 
$5; hospital in China. $5; for lights, carpet, etc., at home church, 
$160.55; Oakland church, $5; Industrial Home, Va., $5; washing powder, 
$9; small bills, $14.59; weaving rugs, $4.58; furniture and silver polish, 
$13; total, $242.63; balance, $20.61. Officers: Mrs. W. J. Kimmel, 
President; Mrs. C A. Will, Treasurer; the writer, Secretary.— Mr s ; 
W. J. Kneppcr, Rockwood, Pa., Jan. 10. 

MYERSTOWN, PA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We met 43 
times, with an average attendance of 8; enrollment, 26, 17 of whom 
are active. Wc made 18 quilts. Wc gave a ton of coal to poor sisters; 
to Girls' School in India and Hospital in China, $21; to a brother 
in Georgia, $10; "Messenger" for poor sister, $1; for remodeling 
church, $100; also furnished our sewing room; balance, $11.59. Of- 
ficers: President, Mary Witter; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Anna 
Herr.— Ella R. Wilhelm, Mycrstown, Pa., Dec. 21. 

NEW CARLISLE, OHIO.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 
ten months: Enrollment, 20; number of meetings held, 22; average at- 
tendance, 11. Wc made and sold 7 comforts, 56 aprons, 33 bonnets 
and 8 dust-caps, $85.25; held one sale-dinner, $38.56; offerings and 
donations, $52,73; total, $176.54. Spent for material, $135.40; cash on 
hand at beginning, $55.10; sent $5 to Bethany Bible School; $5 to 
school for Mexicans; $10 to A. C. Wicand; $30 for-school in Virginia; 
$10 to India Boarding-School; box of clothing (64 pieces) and one 
containing 84 pieces and a comfort to Douglas Park Mission; helped 
the needy at home. Officers: President, Rachel Crcdlcbaugh; Vice- 
President, Ora Dredge; Superintendents, Bettie Flora and Glenna 
Funderburg; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Harriet Crcdlcbaugh, 
New Carlisle, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

NEW WINDSOR, MD.— Report of Aid Society: We had 11 meetings, 
with an average atteudance of 13. We quilted 6 comforts and 13 
quilts; made 11 sheets, 12 pillow-cases; repaired bedclothes for Blue 
Ridge College, etc. Donated to college, 5 quilts and 6 tow'cls; bedding 
to Old Folks' Home. Cash on hand. Jan. 1, 1922, $35.96; for quilt- 
ing and sewing, $23.20; free-will offerings, $57.02; birtTiday money, 
$7.16; extracts sold, $10.15; donations, $49.63; expenses, $13.56; For- 
ward Movement, $30; District Secretary, $1,50; balance, $38.80. Of- 
ficers: Moll it J. Selby, President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— 
Annie R. Stover. New Windsor, Md., Jan. 8. 

PHOENIX, ARIZ.— Report of the Aid Society: We held 2 all-day 
and 24 half-day meetings; enrollment, 17; average attendance, 6. 
Offerings received, $51.94; donations, $6.35; quilting, $2; sale of com- 
forts, $25; tying six comforts, $6; total, $91.29. Expenses: Local, 
$49.55; home missions, $27.51); total, $77.05. Number of garments 
made, 44; comforts, 14; quilts, 1; comfort-tops, 8. Officers: President, 
Sister DaiBy Jones; Vice-President, Sister Lois Grcenawalt; Treasurer, 
Sister Frances Forney; Secretary, the writer. — Sister Theresa B. 
Gofr, Phoenix. Ariz., Jan. 6. 

PORT1S, KANS.— Report of Sisters* Aid Society: Number of meet- 
ings held, 43; average attendance, 6. We quilted 13 quilts, tied 2 
comforts and spent several days sewing for members; also served 
lunch at 3 public sales. We placed the " Messenger " in a few 
homes; paid $1 to District Secretary; $8 to the needy; $5 to Old 
Folks' Home; $10 to District Mission Board; $10 to evangelist; $10.25 
on musical instrument for church; offerings for Child Rescue work, 
$13.75; on hand at beginning of year, $20.17; total received, $187.67; 
paid out, $132.36; balance, $7S.48. Officers: President, Mrs. Nellie 
McCarty; Vice-President, Mrs. Ackley; Superintendent, Mrs. Rose 
Naylor; Secretary -Treasurer, Mrs. Mina Lercw.— Mrs. C. W. Peter- 
son, Portis, Kans., Jan. 6. 

PORTLAND, ORE.— Our Sisters' Aid Society held 30 all-day meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of 16. Our work consisted of mak- 
ing prayer-coverings, garments, quilt-blocks and comforts and sew- 
ing carpet-rags. Balance from last year, $46.65; received for birth- 
day entertainment, $38.79; bakesalc, $11.70; Christmas sale, $66.79; 
miscellaneous, $103.96; cash on hand, $64.85; total, $332.74; expenditures 
for flowers, $17.85; material, $56.43; for the church, $82.28; India share 
plan, $25; $15 and clothing for home missions; miscellaneous, $71.33; 
total, $267.89. Officers: President, Sister Schechter; Vice-President, 
Sister Royer; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Elizabeth Waters, 
Portland. Ore., Jan. 4. 

ROBINS, IOWA.— Report of Sisters" Aid Society: Enrollment, 23; 
wc held 13 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 12. Our 
work consisted of sewing, making comforts, aprons and sun-hats. 
We sold five comforters, held a pic and popcorn sale and an ice 
cream social. Jan. 1, 1922, on hand, $11.37; receipts, $124.01; wc paid 
$25 toward our minister's salary; $5 to a needy sister; sent a box of 
pillow-cases and dresser-scarfs to Old Folks' Home. Marshall town; 
towels and clothing to the Child Saving Mission, Ankenv; other ex- 
penses, $42.88; balance. $66. Officers: President. Mrs. Carl Hoover; 
Vice-President, Mrs. Norman Burgess; Secretary, Mrs. A. T. Ol'mger; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Carl Schluntz.— Mrs. A. T. Olinger. Robins. Iowa, 
Jan. 8. 

SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS.— Report of Sisters* Aid Society for 
1922: During the year we held 34 all-day and 12 half-day meetings, 

with an average attendance of 14. Our work consisted mostly of 
quilting, knotting comforts, piecing quilts and miscellaneous sew- 
ing. Besides our regular work we held two home-cooking sales, 
one candy-sale and one bazaar. The amount of money received dur- 
ing the year was $468.99. A considerable sum was expended for 
necessary articles and furnishings for the new church. One hundred 
dollars was given for District work, about $270 for home missions, 
and $15 for foreign work. The officers for the new year arc: Mrs. 
Edith Bell, President; Mrs. Minnie Sturgeon, Vice-President; Mrs. 
J. C. Shull. Treasurer; Mrs. Ruby Dressendorfer, Secretary; Mrs. 
Myrtle Martin, Superintendent— Mrs. J. C. Shull, Springfield, III., 
Jan. 6. 

SPOKANE, WASH.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 31 
meetings, with an average attendance of 10; average collection, 
$1.46. We purchased a Bible for the church janitor; put the "Mes- 
senger" in the home of an aged sister; sent $10 to China and 
India; $6.50 to the needy; $8 to the Industrial School in Falfur- 
rias, Texas; to our church treasurer, $55.80; to our evangelist, $37; 
money received, $203.36; paid out, $185.10; on hand, $18.26. On Thanks- 
giving Day wc served dinner to 81 people in the home of Brother" 
and Sister G. D. Aschenbrenner, clearing $26.— Mrs. R. Force, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Spokane, Wash., Jan. 1. 

TIPPECANOE CITY, OHIO.— Report of Aid Society of Middle 
District church: Number enrolled, 12; average attendance, 8; meet- 
ings held, 12. We pieced 5 comfort-tops, finished 3 comforts, made 
21 prayer-coverings and 113 garments. Money received from articles 
sold, $70.71; free-will offerings, $33.56; donated dinners, $10.45; sale- 
dinners, $24; expenses for materials, $35.37; donations, $72.90; amount 
in treasury, $98.03.— Onna Coy, Secretary, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 
Jan. 5. 

UNION BRIDGE, MD.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Wc held 12 
meetings, with an average attendance of 10. Our work consisted of 
making comforts, quilts, clothing and prayer-coverings. Receipts, 
$53.76; balance from 1921, $34.53; total, $88.29. We gave $20 to school 
in Greene County, Va.; $S to Italian Mission, Brooklyn; $22.27 for 
carpet for church; $13.37 for material; balance, $27.65. Officers; 
Sister Mary Bowman, President; Sister Jennie Garver, Vice-Presi- 
dent; the writer. Secretary -Treasurer. —Edna A. Wolfe, Union Bridge, 
Md., Jan. 8. 

UNION CITY, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 41 
half-day and 49 all-day meetings; visitors, 56; average attendance, 
6. We organized a Junior Aid, which is doing splendid work. We 
quilted 16 quilts, made one comfort, pieced some quilt-blocks; donated 
one comfort to a poor family. Amount received, $214.32; balance 
and receipts, $293.73; general expense, $128.60; sent to O. F. Helm, $5; 
paid our pastor, $100; balance, $163.05. Officers: President, Sister 
Elizabeth Cook; Vice-President, Sister Addie Netzlcy; Secretary - 
Treasurer, Sister Amanda Noffs in gcr.— Lottie Lewis, Union City, Ind., 
Jan. 5. 

UNITY, VA.— Aid Society report: We met 24 times, with an average 
attendance of 14; enrollment, 33; collections, $14.01. Covering goods 
sold, $15.78; coverings sold, $16.30; half-hands, $18; bonnets, $5.90; 
Larkin premiums, $5.04; white sale, $22.29; donations, $1.30; spool- 
racks, 80 cents; miscellaneous, $30.62. Donations: to church treasury, 
$10; Unity Herald, $10; orphanage, $5; carpet for church, $9.90; chairs, 
$13; on hand, $30.23; total received, $139.18. We sent flowers and 
cards to sick; gave a sunshine box to .sick sister; box of sundry 
articles to orphanage; did sewing for needy and gave Christmas 
presents to a number of sick. Officers: President, Mollie Myers; 
Vice-President, Laura Nair; Secretary, Eva Nair; Treasurer, Anna 
Roller.— Eva Nair, Broadway, Va., Jan. 8. 

"WASHINGTON, D. C— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 
51 meetings, with an average attendance of 3. Our work consisted 
mostly of quilting quilts. Balance of cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1922, 
$594.71; vanilla sold, $73.20; quilts sold, $75.50; proceeds of white sale, 
$116.66; work done, $26.15,; aprons sold, $10.25; goods sold, $7.61; 
fees for year, $13; interest on certificates, $13.40; receipts from 1921 
white sale, $10.25; donations, $1.08; miscellaneous, $1. Total receipts 
$942.81. The expenses were as follows: Pledged to ~ 
$50; vanilla purchased, $50; apportionment for work i 
Sister Ida Englar, $46; goods purchased, $42.84; vacu 
brushes (or church, $17.10; drayage > 
quilts, and post-age, $6.75; expended for whit 


'Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

i Maryland, per 
im sweeper and 
lilla, $3.44; stamping of 
: sale, $14.70; donated to 

Old Folks' Home, San Mar, Md., as a Christmas gift. $5; 
bulletin board, $12; Thanksgiving basket, $2.70; miscellaneous, $3.45; 
total expenditures, $253.98; balance cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1923, $688.83. 
Of this amount $605 is on deposit, drawing interest for our new 
memorial church, leaving a balance of $S3.83 for current expenses. 
Received several bundles of clothing from Pipe Creek, Md., Aid 
Society; box of clothing sent to Netie Wampler, Pirkey, Va. Of- 
ficers for the year 1923; President, Mrs. Herman Yates; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Wm. Miller; Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Roger Winger.— 
Mrs. J. H. Hollinger, Washington, D. C, Jan. 1. 

WEST NIMISHILLEN, OHIO.— The- Aid Society held 29 all-day 
meetings, with an average attendance of 11. We quilted 18 quilts, 
knotted 3 comforts, made 35 sun-bonnets and did some sewing for 
a family. We received $175.29; we paid $23.60 for supplies; $12.39 for 
clothing for needy; $34.10 to Virginia school; $5 to Oakland church; 
$10 to evangelist's wife; $28*75 for other mission work. Officers: 
President, Sister Clara Young; Vice-President, Sister Lottie Holl; 
Superintendent, Anna Holl; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Avilla 
Myers, North Canton, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

WHITE HILL, VA.-Report of Aid Society: We have an enrollment 
of 13. We held 12 regular meetings, with an average attendance of 
9. We held 3 all-day meetings and 18 half-day meetings. Our work 
consisted of making 12 prayer-coverings, 93 aprons, a number of 
garments, 9 bonnets, 2 comforts; one quilt. We sold $20 worth of 
extract, also stain-remover and silver polish. We gave $10 to 
home missions; $3 to Orphans' Home, Timberville. Va.; placed the 
"Messenger" in three homes; gave one sunshine box. Receipts, 
$159.29; paid out, $97.36; balance, $61.93. Officers: Sister Anna Flory, 
President; Sister Kate Campbell, Vice-President; Mary Chandler, 
Treasurer; Mary Clark, Superintendent.— Mary E. Hall, Sec, Mint 
Spring, Va., Jan. 9. 

WILES HILL, W. VA.— Report of Ladies' Aid Society: Enrollment, 
37; held meetings semi-monthly; average attendance, 15. Our work 
consisted of sewing, quilting and doing fancy work. Birthday 
offerings, $6.44; free-will offerings, $11; one supper, $61.25; total re- 
ceipts. $210; paid out for church improvements. $62.42; to Old Folks' 
Home, $10; for material, flowers, etc., $30; total, $102.42; balance, 
$107.58. Officers: Sister S. Bucklew, President; Sister Samuel Hayes, 
Vice-President; Mrs. W. M. Eickholtz, Secretary; Sister M. M. 
Harris, Treasurer.— M. M. Harris. Morgantown, W. Va., Jan. 9. 




notices should be accompanied by 



Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger ' subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Class-Garbcr.— By the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1922, at the home of 
Brother and Sister Willard Douglass, Bro. Ola F. Class, of Shep- 
herd, Mich., and Sister Edna Hart Garber, of Allison Prairie, 111.— 
S. W. Garber, Plattsburg. Mo, 

Miller -Lahr.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, near Huntington, Ind., Nov. 30, 1922, Farrcl! Miller and 
Sister Ethel Lahr, both of Huntington. Ind.— B. D. Hirt, Winamac 

Witman-Bomborgcr.— By the undersigned, at his home, Jan. 6, 1923, 
Mr. Frank H. Witman, of Quentin, Pa., and Sister Esther M. 
Bomberger, of Lebanon, Pa.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Barnes, Sister Mildred Grace, daughter of Brother and Sister Jas. 
M. Barnes, born Nov. 14, 1909, died Dec. 28, 1922. Death was due to 
a relapse from scarlet fever. She leaves father, mother and two 
sisters. She united with the Church of the Brethren last June and 
was a faithful Sunday-school and church worker. Services at the 
Shady Grove church by Eld. Jeremiah Thomas. Interment in Wilkt 
cemetery.— Ida D. Wilson, Brandonville, W. Va. 

Bruss, Sarann, nee Meyer, born Nov. 13, 1860, died Dec. 19, 1922, 
of pneumonia. She was the mother of twelve children, two of whom 
preceded her. She leaves an aged mother, her husband, ten chil- 
dren, two brothers and one sister. She was a faithful member of 
the Church of the Brethren from an early age. Services at the 
Union house by Elders Jacob Pfautz and E. W. Edris. Interment 
in the adjoining cemetery.— Peter G. Edris, Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Bussardf. Lizzie, daughter of Steven and Mary Stutzman, born 
Sept. 7, 1850, near Goshen, Ind., died Dec. 24, 1922, at the home 
of her daughter, in Wichita, Kans. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren in early life and lived faithful till the end. She 
was married May 31, 1866, to David E. Bussard, who preceded her 
nearly eleven years ago, There were four children, all of whom 
survive. Services by the writer.— J. R. Wine, Wichita, Kans. 

Eagle, Sister Susie, born in Richland County, Ohio, died at her 
home, near Pioneer, Ohio, Dec. 26, 1922, aged 71 years and 17 days. 
In 1871 she married John R. Eagle. There were one son and one 
daughter. The son preceded her. Services at the Hickory Grove 
church near Pioneer by the writer, assisted by Eld. J. W. Keiser.— 
D. P. Koch, Montpelier, Ohio. 

Eastcs, Martha A., daughter of Joseph and Lucretia Williams, 
born June 20, 1845, died Jan. 1, 1923. She married Samuel Rench 
Sept. 19, 1867. There were five sons and four daughters. One 
daughter died at the age of seven years. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1887 and remained a faithful member. 
Her husband died Dec. 18, 1918, and Jan. 19, 1922, she married Dr. Wm. 
Eastcs. About July 1, 1922, she became afflicted with malarial 
fever and later with dropsy, which caused her death. She was twice 
anointed. She was a patient sufferer. At different times she had 
taken orphan children into her home and cared for them as her 
own. She leaves a husband, eight children, nineteen grand-children 
and three great-grandchildren. Services at the Union Grove church 
by the writer and Fred Goudy.— J. A. Miller, Kokomo, Ind. 

Elliott, Orange H.. son of James and Hannah Reed Elliott, born 
near Zuck, Ohio, June 16, 1833, died at his home Jan. 2, 1923. In 
August, 1861, he enlisted in Company C of the 32nd Regiment, and 
served throughout the Civil War. March 23, 1865. he married Emily 
Hartsook. There was one daughter. He became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren in 1885 and was always active in Christ's 
service. He is survived by his daughter and one sister. Services 
at the home, near Gambicr, Ohio, by Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh, as- 
sisted by Bro. C. J. Workman. Burial in the Mount View ceme- 
tery, at Mt. Vernon, Ohio.— Mary Workman, Buckeye City, Ofiio. 

Fox, Sister Emma F., died Jan. 4, 1923, aged 65 years, 7 months 
and 9 days. She is survived by her husband, one son and two 
daughters. She united with the Church of the Brethren over forty 
years ago and was loyal to all the doctrines of the church. Services 
in Prices church by Bro. D. S. Flohr, assisted by Brethren W, G. 
Smith and H. C. Mock. Interment in the cemetery adjoining. — 
H. N. M. Gearhart, Shady Grove, Pa. 

Garst, Hiram S., born in Johnson County, Tenn., July 26, 1845, 
died Dec. 23, 1922. Early in life he united with the Church of the 
Brethren. He served the Union during the latter part of the Civil 
War, enlisting at the age of nineteen. When a young man he went 
to Illinois and later to Indiana, and then to Kansas, where he 
taught school for seventeen years. Oct. 4, 1893, he married Ellen 
Miller. There were two sons. The family moved to Oklahoma in 
1898. He is survived by his wife and sons and one brother. Services 
from the home by Rev. Theo. Bemphill, of the Church of God, and 
Dr. Mansfield of the Baptist church.— M. B. Garst, Claremore, Okla. 

Harshman, John H.. born in Elkhart County, Ind., March 18, 1863. 
He moved with his parents to Kansas in 1867, locating on a farm 
in Douglas County, where he grew to manhood. He married Lillie 
A. Nichols March 1, 1893. There was one child, who died in infancy. 
He died at his home in Franklin County, Kans., Jan. 4, 1923. He 
leaves his wife, one brother and three sisters. Services in the Old 
Order Brethren church by the writer. Interment in the Pleasant 
Hill cemetery.— C. W. Shoemaker, Overbrook, Kans. 

Hauger, Harriet Louise, daughter of James B. and Harriet Yohn, 
born Jan. 15, 1882, at Maryland, 111., died Nov. 15, 1922. She mar- 
ried Chas. Hauger Dec. 24, 1903. With her husband she joined 
the Brethren church at Sterling, 111., on Thanksgiving Day, 1904, 
and remained faithful. She and her husband were elected to the 
deacon's office in the fall of 1913. She leaves her husband and 
three children, father and stepmother, three sisters and three 
brothers. Services by Bro. I. D. Leatherman.— Chas. Hauger, Monti- 
cello, Minn. 

Hiser, Wm. Henry, son of W. H. and Susan Hiser, born in Craw- 
ford County, Ohio, April 20, 1856, died Dec. 25, 1922. He came to 
Michigan with his parents when eleven years old and has lived in 
this vicinity for about forty years. He leaves one sister, with whom 
he made his home. Services at the Brethren church by Bro. J. L. 
Guthrie.— Matie Randall, Elsie, Mich. 

Holier, Bro. Le Roy, son of Bro. John H. Hoffer, of Palmyra, Pa., 
died at the Minnesota State University, St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 16, 
1922, of heart failure, aged 27 years, 10 months and 1 day. He was -a 
graduate of the agricultural department of the Pennsylvania State 
College, which carried with it a scholarship in the aforeSaid uni- 
versity. His brother brought the body east, and the remains were 
laid to rest in the Spring Creek cemetery at Hershey, Pa. He 
leaves a father, one brother and three sisters. Services by Elders 
J. H. Longencckcr and John C. Zug.— Elizabeth Blauch, Palmyra, Pa. 

Kurtz:, Sister Annie R., wife of Amos Kurtz, died at her home at 
Mechanicsburg, Jan. 1, 1923, aged 60 years, 1 month and 28 days. 
She is survived by her husband and two daughters. She united with 
the church thirty-eight years ago and was one of the strong workers 
in the Sisters' Aid Society of the Conestoga church. Services by 
Elders Martin Ebersole, D. S. Mycr and I. W. Taylor at the Bare- 
ville house. Interment in the family burial ground near Mechanics- 
burg. — Amos B. Hufford, Bareville, Pa. 

Longacre, John W., horn Oct. 28, 1848, in Montgomery County, 
Pa., the son of Isaac and Hannah (Weiss) Longacre, died Aug. 9, 

1922. He married Mary (Bechtel) Schantz Jan. 9, 1875. Soon after- 
ward he became a member of the Brethren Church and remained a 
steadfast and active worker. He was much interested in Sunday- 
school work and served as superintendent for a number of years. 
On moving to Quakertown he became interested in a movement to 
establish a mission of the Brethren church there and this was 
accomplished. He never hesitated to serve in whatever capacity 
it might be necessary. He is survived by his widow and seven 
children. One daughter died at the age of twenty. Burial in the 
Mennonite cemetery at Zionsville, Pa.— Mrs. H. K. Hoar, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Mavis, Sister Emlinc,- died at her home in Beaverton, Mich., 
Dec. 30, 1922, aged 51 years. She married Rimon Mavis. There were 
ten children, one son having preceded her. Services at the Lick 
Creek church, near Bryan, Ohio, by the writer. Interment at 
Farmers Center cemetery. — D. P. Koch, Montpelier, Ohio. 

Moore, Sister Jennie (nee Miller) born Dec. 24, 1861, died Jan. 2, 

1923, from a complication of diseases. She was the wife of Bro. 
Samuel T. Moore. There were seven children, six of whom sur- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


ago. She survives 
3ro. Herman Heiscy, 
netery, Lewistown. — 

vive- She was a lifelong member of the Church of the Brethren 
always taking an active part in all church work. She was of a 
cheerful ^disposition and was held in high esteem by all who knew 
her. She lived in the Carson Valley congregation nearly all her 
life. Services in that church by Bro. L. B. Benncr. assisted bv Bro 
J. W. Hoover and J. A. Sell.— Elsie Brubakcr, Duncansville, Pa. 

Neher. Geo. W., born near Flora. Ind.. May 3. 1864. died Jan. 4 
Hil. Sept. 12. 1886, he married Priscilla Cripe. There were (our 
children, one of whom died in infancy. One sister also survives 
About eight years ago he suffered an attack of heart failure 
irom which he never fully recovered. His death was caused by a 
stroke of paralysis Dec. 24. In March, 1887. he united' with the 
Church of the Brethren and has been a faithful member. Services 
by the pastor Eld. H. A. Claybaugh, at the Walnut church. Inter- 
ment m the adjoining cemetery.-.Esther Lewis Rohrer. Argos. Ind. 

Nichols, Daniel Webster, born in Washington County. Md., died 
suddenly at hi. home ,n Chicago. Dec. 27. 1922, aged SI years. 
He was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren from an 
early age. For some months he had suffered from pernicious amentia 
which probably hastened the heart failure which wa, the immediate' 
cause of death. He was the son of Emanuel and Mahala Nichols 
He married Annie E. Jennings thirty-two yeai 
with two sons. Services in Lcwistown. Pa,, by 
his former pastor. Burial in the Mount Rock o 
Homer F. Sanger. Oak Park. III. 

Peiffer, Sister Cora, died Dec. 31. 1922, a t Mt. Hope an institution 
near Baltimore. Md.. where she had been taken 'for treatment. 
She was ,n her forty-seventh year. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren when a young girl and. remained true to the church. She 
,, survived by her husband, two son. and two daughters. She was 
brought to her home, near Shady Grove. Services in Prices church 

•I „ + S " m " c ' P" rh " t - B »"»> i° <hc cemetery adjoining.-R 
N. M. Gcarhart. Shady Grove, Pa. 

.™ 0i "S Elizabe,h S - , b °™ '" Ohio, Sept. 19, 1838, died Dec 4 
1922 She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for 
nearly lorty years. She leaves one son, one daughter, eight grand- 
children and sue great-grandchildren. Three sons and her husband 
preceded her Services by the writer. Interment in the Lupoid 
cemetery at Shipshewana.— Geo. S. Sherck. Middlebury, Ind. 

Sh.ll.nherger, Bro. David G„ died Dec. 31, 1922, at his home 
near McAhsterville Pa., in the Lost Creek congregation, of pleural 
pneumonia, aged 82 years, 8 months and 19 days He is survived 
by his wife, sis children, thirty-four grandchildren and five great- 
grandchildren. For fifty seven years he and Sister Shellenbergcr 
lived together, and for fifty years were preparing to live eternally 
with .the redeemed. He spent all his life in the Lost Creek con- 
gregation, living a very quiet, yet beautiful and influential life as 
a Christian. When he took sick he called for the anoii 
by the writer in the Good Will house. Interment i, 
near by.— J. E. Rowland, Bunkertown, Pa. 

Shirk Homer Hoch, son of Bro. W. H. Shirk, born at La Junta 
Colo., Feb. 22. 19«, died Dec. 2S, 1922. Death wis due to accidental 
shooting. He came to California with his parents in 1910 He united 
with the Church of the Brethren at the age of twelve and lived an 
exemplary life. He was held in high esteem by both old and 
young He was of a genial disposition and made many friends He 
was the youngest of eleven children. He is survived by his 
mother and father, sisters and broth, 
church by Bro. J. N. Guinn, assistct 
John W. Vetter, Empire, Galif. 

Shollenborger, Elizabeth W., died at her home in Mountain Grove 
Mo., Dec. 8, 1922. Services at the home by Brethren A. M. Peter' 
CrL.* «t,"°- u 1 ",'"" 1 ," 1 . '" "" " CW '«"'"y "ear Mountain 
f T. .b° ""•' k, " d ""2 =»»"tablc. ever ready to lend a helping 
hand to those ,u need. She was loyal to the Brethren Church ol 
which she was a faithful, exemplary member for about thirty- 
five years. She was the daughter of Dr. Shirk, deceased and was 
""" B g -ci ,, ,,' !5 , 7 ' '" L »»" s '". P -->- She wa. married Nov. 17, til 
B. Shollenberger and moved to Mountain Grove. Mo in 1894 
brother, her husband and three children.— Jennie Ncher| 

- Services 

died Nov. 8, 

ho knew her. 

rcthren. She 

ith the hu 

' bus- 
by Bro. L. L. 

to N. 
She h 
Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Simmons, Sarah Frances Glover, born May 10, I8 ( 
1922. She was of a quiet disposition and loved by all 
She was a faithful member ot the Church of the 
was the mother of sixteen children, thirteen of whom 
band survive. She was stricken with paralysis on Monday and died 
on Wednesday. Services at the Melrose Church of the Brethren in 
the Greenmount congregation. Burial in the cemetery at Linville. 
services by the writer, assisted by P. S. Thomas.-S. L. Garber Har- 
risonburg, Va. - 

S "> ,d ° r ' Sarah Ann, daughter of Abraham and Jane Cory, born 
a 5?, o"' y ' I " d " Aug ' a - l857 ' »'«» D ec- 21. 1922. She mar- 
ried Phihp Snyder Nov. 8, 1877. There were six children. One 

Firs', £ ? . r, h "u Ea l' y in h " n " rrM K! ° sl " «■>!""> » i,h <"« 
first Christian Church and remained faithful. Sb 

band, five children and seven grandchildren. Serv 
Teeter.— Phebe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind. 
Summers, John, son of Jos. and Anna Summers, born near New 

S r,h ("'w ,.'"' J °V' 183 °' <ii0d D "' 9 ' >« [ " ™ 7 »e married 
Sarah J. Walters, lhere were seven children, four of whom died 
m miancy. One daughter died thirty years ago. Two survive His 
wife died forty-two years ago. In 1884 he married Mary KelleyBoyd 
who _ survive. There are nine grandchildren, eighteen great-grand- 
children and three great-grandchildren. He was a life-long member 
?■„ r X. , C \°'. ,hc B "">""- Services at the Moultrie Chapel by 
Bro. John I. Byler— Vesta S. Braid, Homeworth, Ohio. 

Switxer, Bro. Daniel Wm., born April 6, 1860, died from paralysis, 
at his home at Long Glade, Va, Dec. 7, 1912. He married Bettie 
Good who, with one daughter, preceded him. One son and a 
daughter survive. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
l,v B T ? r.'.'" 1 " '° d co " sis 'e»l l»e. Services at Lebanon 
th. ,a°'- : " ber ' "'""« >>y a™- P- J- Wengcr. Interment in 

the adjoining cemetery.— Lila B. Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Thomas, Gladine Ellen, born Sept. 24, 1922, died Deo. 19 1922 
' 1 daughter of Brother and Sister Hovey Thomas and is 
and four sisters. Services by Bro. F. R. 
, Hooversville, Pa. 
Vannoy, Sister Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel T. and Sarah 
Ann Gillett born in Hancock County, 111., Jan. 29, 1866. died Dec. 
of 2 i ?u" h °°" ! ™ ! " i " t ' Monl - She uni " d "i" «>e Church 
life ci , c '"«■">-'»'"' years ago and lived a true Christian 

h„ . J and ,, hcr children came to Montana in 1913. locating on a 
homestead There being no church or Sunday-school for many mile, 
around, she organized a Sunday-school in her home in 1914 She 
was a very patient sufferer from rheumatism for seven years, be- 
ing an rnvalid lor nearly five years. She leaves four sons three 
eST 5 '-"' ," """""hiUrcn and one sister. One »n pre 

Uap.1., h "h;rcn n 'T„r;al SCrV '" S " "" '""" "" """ M "" <" "" 


survived by het , 

Zook.— Mrs. J. L. 

Miles City cemetery.— Nora Deal, Jordan, 

" Y 1c?, S i" C , r L °'J' C Lec CI °PI>"i b °™ at Maugansville, Md., June 
si" .if ? '! h " h< ""' ! ™ Waynesboro, Pa., Jan. 1, 1923. ag cd 
Amu M. l X "" d 10 I"."' Sh,! "' lhe d »»shter of Wm. H. and 

Ann e Maugan, Clopper. March 30, 1904, ,hc was married to P. W. 

band , X . """"' """ b °™ 'h" c !0ns - S he leaves her hu.- 

"i "s' """, S ° nS ' I*" bra " ,l ■ r • '" d "" »•'»■ At the age 
Wlowsh b" ™" baP "," d m '° "" Ch " rch °< >he Brethren, In whose 
I 7' A ; "■•mamed active until death. About ten day, before 
"=r death she called for the elders and was anointed She was 
conscious to the last, and passed away peacefully and confidently, 
first' „„ T\ """"' '"' h " ,ovcd ™" '=" hehind. She was the 
hoo cSurcL , , ""..'a"'."" 1 '"' "' ""= "«""yorgani.ed Wayn.s- 
fron. F-,,;° ,'," '',' ™'"L b r c ' Sc ""°" " "•' home by the writer 
h Psalm 23— Jame, M. Moore, 230 S. Church Street, Waynesboro. 


192 3 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 27, 1923 


Official Organ of tho Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold. Gen- 
eral Manager. 16 to 24 S. Slate St., Elgin, III., at $2.00 per annum, m 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 



L. A. 

Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Post 
Acceptance for moiling 

„„■ nt L 

at Bpecln 

u«-JaBa Matter, 
ita of poatag* provided forin 


Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 61) 
to a large audience. Sister Viola NcfF, the church chorister was the 
Xrector Jan. 14 Bro. Chester Royer, of Elizabeth town Pa., had 
charge ol the forenoon service and delivered a splendid sermon. 
In the evening the Eli.abethtow.. College male quartet rendered 
a splendid musical program. Thc.r With the bcautiful 
message in song, was greatly appreciatcd.-Gcrtrude R. Shirk, 
Ephrata. Pa., Jan. 15. 

HolUdiyaburg.-Dec. 26 we organised for (he present year. Nearly 
a "the former officers were retained. Elders C. Beery and D. 
B. Maddocks. members of the Home Mission Board, were present, 
and gave good counsel. A movement was started to purchase a 
parsonage. The Sunday-school decided to pay for this project $100 
Jer year for five years; also to pay down $10 to the Italian M.ssion 
in Brooklyn. A collection of $44 was lifted lor the Near East. The 
officials were made the Ministerial Committee, and the home minis- 
ters will do the preaching until arrangements can be made to 
secure a pastor. The Christian Workers" Meeting is growing in 
interest. The outlook in every department is encouraging.— Jaa. A. 
Sell, Hollidayshurg, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Indian Creek church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Jaa. B. 
Shislcr presiding. Two certificates were received and two were 
granted. Sunday-school officers were elected for the ensuing year- 
Brethren D. H. Casscl and F. D. Moyer being chosen superintendents. 
The mission solicitors reported offerings from their respective Districts 
to the amount of $120. The Busy Men's Bible Class rendered a very 
appropriate and interesting program on the evening of Thanksgiving 
Day.-Mathias P. Landis. Vcrnficld, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Ugonler.— We had no special services at Christm. 
an offering of $100 for Brooklyn. The Wilpen Mission school offering 
was $50. Bro. Wilford and our two Italian brethren visited Bro. 
Caruso and the mission at Brooklyn over Christmas. The members 
here presented Bro. Wolford with a new Ford as a Christmas gift. 
The young men's Bible class arc purchasing three dozen hymnals 
lor the church. The young ladies' class meets the first lriday of 
every month. They arc doing quite a lot of good work. Bro. J. 
A Wolford is our superintendent for this year. Bro. Laurence 
Wolford is prayer meeting leader. Our Aid Society will keep the 
same officers this year. They sent two large boxes of clothing to 
the Russian Relief— Mrs. Wilson E. Leonard, Ligonier, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Locust Grove.-On Christmas Sunday, at the close of the morning 
service, conducted by the pastor, a package was handed the wife of 
the pastor from the sisters of the congregation, as a token of 
appreciation for our services. It surely makers any one engaged in 
the service of the Master, feel grateful to know that his efforts are 
appreciated, and I trust that even though we are engaged in school 
work and can not serve as pastor in any marked degree— only filling 
the pulpit twice each Lord's Day— we still may be able to do some 
good, and that we may be of greater service to the congregation 
later on. May the good work of the Lord continue to growl May 
souls be saved and the church strengthened for greater usefulness 
in his service!— J. Lloyd Nedrow, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Lost Creek.— Dec. 4 we began a two weeks' series of meetings at 
the Richfield house. The first week the interest and attendance 
were exceptionally good. Though there were no accessions, we feel 
that good results will follow. Jan. 1 we met in council in the Good 
Will house, with the writer in charge. Our elder, Bro. Geo. Strauser, 
waB reelected for another year; the writer, pastor. We purpose hold- 
ing four revivals in the congregation this year, if we can secure the 
service of some evangelists. Our three Sunday-schools have done 
excellent work in the past, and arc planning for still better work 
in 1923. Our young people render a special missionary program each 
month. The Sisters' Aid Society did a large amount of work, 
meeting many calls (or help and service.— J. E. Rowland, Bunker- 
town. Pa., Jan. 9. 

Lower Cla&r church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. D. I. Pepple 
presiding. All church officers were elected for the year: Elder, 
D. I. Pepple; secretary, the writer; " Messenger " agent, F. A. 
Claar. Dec. 10 we elected our Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Mc- 
CIcllan Walter, superintendent. We decided to hold our love feast 
on Saturday evening, May 5— Linnie Claar, Quflen, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Lower Conewago congregation held a revival at the Wolgamuth 
house. Bro, John Zug, of Palmyra. Pa., was the evangelist. Many 
interesting and inspiring messages were delivered by Bro. Zug. 
The meeting has been an inspiration for better service.— R. D. Cook, 
Dillsburg, Pa., Jan. IS. 

Manor.— At our council, last fall, four deacons were elected but not 
installed. Dec. 10, following the Sunday -school session, two deacons 
were installed at Diamondville. Two members have been received 
by baptism since our last report. — Cora B. Fyock, Clymer, Pa., 
Jan. 15. 

Markleysburg.— Our council was held Jan. 2, with Eld. D. K. Clapper 
presiding. He was reelected to serve as elder for the ensuing year. 
Other officers elected were as follows: General secretary, Sister 
Lucinda Chxisc; local secretary, I. M. Thomas; "Messenger" agent, 
Lueinda Chrtse; corresponding secretary, the writer. During the 
year there have been seventeen additions by baptism and two by 
letter. Our pastor, Bro. Calvin Wolfe, has served well.— O. P. 
Thomas, Markleysburg, Pa., Jan. 8. 

New Falrview church met in council Jan. 8 with Eld. D. Y. Brill- 
hart presiding. Our election resulted as follows: Bro. Howard Fritz, 
reelected Sunday-school superintendent; church clerk, C. F. Weaver; 
"Messenger" agent, David Fritz. One certificate was received and 
one was granted. We decided to hold our lov% feast May 20.— L. E. 
Chronister, York, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Palmyra.— Our series of meetings, which began Dec. 16, closed 
Dec. 31. Bro. R. W. Schlosser delivered twenty uplifting and Spirit- 
filled sermons. We feel that our church has been strengthened 
and the community helped. Jan. 7 Sister Bessie Rider, relumed mis- 
sionary from China, gave us two splendid talks. In the morning 
she talked to the Sunday-school about the boys and girls in China, 
and in the evening her talk was along the line of medical work. 
An offering was lifted for missions.— Mrs. Elizabeth A. Blauch, 
Palmyra, Pa.. Jan. 8. 

Philadelphia <First Church).— Dec. 18 one was added to the church 
by baptism. Bro. Ross Murphy, acting pastor, officiated. Dec. 24 
Bro. Mylcs Murphy, from Juniata College, preached for us in the 
morning on the theme, " The Gift of Influence." In the evening his 
brother, Ross Murphy, filled the pulpit. This week we arc having 
union meetings — a week of prayer for churches. Services will be 
held each evening in one of the five churches. Jan. 9 Rev. H. H. 
Han man will speak in our church, and on the following evening Bro. 
Ross Murphy will speak in the Bethlehem Baptist church. The 
surplus offering will be given to the Near East Relief. Bro. J. D. 
Noffsinger, of Columbia University, will fill the pulpit during January. 
—Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell. Philadelphia. Pa., Jan. 8. 

Reading.— Jan. 8 our church met in council, with Eld. L W. 
Taylor presiding. Church, Sunday-school and Sisters' Aid officers 
were elected. A number of commendable reports were read, particular- 
ly that of the Sisters* Aid Society. The sisters who have so ably 
stood by the work of the Society, were given a rising vote of thanks 

by the council meeting. The young people have organized and will 
be known in the future as the Junior Christian Workers, and the 
church has chosen Bro. Chas. Canncll as leader for 1923. Bro. H. 
Gipe, evangelist, will commence a scries of services the latter 
part of this month.— Henry H. Moyer, Reading, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Shady Grove Sunday-school held Christmas exercises Dec. 22. 
consisting of recitations and songs by the scholars and a talk 
to the children by Bro. W. G. Smith. The quartet from the Browns- 
mill Sunday-school sang for us. Dec. 24 the Sunday-school reor- 
ganized by electing Bro. Walter Stansbury, superintendent.— H. N. 
M. Gearhart, Shady Grove, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Springfield (Quakertown House).— Bro. R. P. Bucher, of Quarry- 
ville, Pa., came to us Nov. 19 and commenced a scries of revival 
meetings. He proved to be an earnest speaker and an enthusiastic 
worker. One accepted Christ. His messages were inspiring. The 
meetings closed Dec. 2, with a love feast on the following even- 
ing. We had a very good Thanksgiving sermon. Dec. 23 we held 
our regular council at the Quakertown house, with Eld. R. H. 
Brumbaugh in charge. Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. A. S. George, superintendent. Sister Anna Kilhefner was 
elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. The church 
organized a Sisters' Aid Society, with Sister E. F. Rotcnburger 
president. Our Christmas cantata, in charge of Sister Winnie Lint, 
was rendered Dec. 31. A large number were present to enjoy the 
service.— Mrs. Nora Seesc Hollinger, Quakertown, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Windbcr.— We expect to be able to occupy our new church in a 
few months. Not having a place in which to hold our regular council, 
our election of officers was delayed till Jan. 3. Bro. A. J. Bceghley 
was chosen elder for the coming year and other offices were 
filled. Our Junior Mission Study Class finished a course of study 
with commencement exercises Dec. 10, when twenty-five boys and 
girls received seals and diplomas. The missionary committee is plan- 
ning to start another class soon. Our new pastor, Bro. O. L. Min- 
nich, who came to us Nov. 1, has been doing splendid work. He 
is now planning, with the Missionary Committee and an Italian sister, 
to begin an extensive work among the foreigners of this vicinity. 
We hope to be able to secure the services of an experienced worker 
for the coming summer.— Mrs. C. L. Blough, Windber. Pa., Jan. 15. 


Willow Creek church met in business session Jan. 6, with Eld. 
Grant looker in charge. All church. Sunday-school and Aid Society 
officers were elected for the year: Sister Ellen Harldson, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Edith Davis, Aid president. On Christ- 
mas Eve our Sunday-school gave a splendid program, which repre- 
sented much effort on the part of Sisters Harldson and Heagley, 
who had charge. Homes being rather far apart and the weather so 
severe, made it difficult to get the little ones together for practice.— 
Lola M. Root, Wetonka. S. Dak., Jan. 12. 


Manassas church met in council Jan. 6. with Eld. E. E. Blough pre- 
siding. Several letters were granted. Bro. Wilmer Kline was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Johnny Kline, president of the 
Christian Workers' Society. A Vacation School committee was 
chosen, also a Sunday School Board. Christmas Eve the Sunday- 
school rendered an excellent program. An offering of $25 was given for 
the Brooklyn Italian Mission. The following day Bro. Leslie Blough 
preached an excellent sermon. An offering of $49 was lilted for 
home missions. The Thanksgiving offering was given to the General 
Board. The Sunday-school gave $50 to Hebron Seminary. We are 
planning for better Sunday-school equipment in the way of furniture, 
blackboards and literature.— Alice C. Blough, Manassas, Va., Jan. 15. 

Pleasant Valley (Second District).— We met in regular council Jan. 
1. Elders Peter Garber and S. D. Miller were present, the latter 
presiding. We received one. member by letter and granted letters 
to two. Our Sunday-school is well attended every Sunday, and our 
offerings arc good.— Mrs. M. C. Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 6. 

Topeco.— Bro. W. B. Stover was with us two nights recently and 
gave some very interesting talks on his experiences and the customs 
in India. Bro. V. C. Finnell also gave us two illustrated lectures, 
which were much appreciated. We held our council Jan. 6, with Bro. 
L. M. Weddle presiding. The following officers were elected: Sister 
Maggie Hylton, clerk; Bro. J. W. Weddle, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Alice Harman, " Messenger " agent; the writer, 
correspondent. On the Sunday following we met for Sunday-school, 
after which Bro. A. N. Hylton preached an interesting sermon.— 
Almeda E. Alderman. Floyd, Va., Jan. 9. 

White Hill church met in council Jan. 6 and elected officers, with 
Bro. Frank Harris, Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Russell 
Showaltcr, of Bridge water College, preached a splendid sermon on 
" Seed Sowing " on Sunday. We have now as our pastor Bro. Paul 
Dichl, of Bridgewater College, who was also present at our council. 
He comes every Sunday morning a distance of thirty miles. He is 
an earnest worker and is very much liked by all. — Mary E. Hall, 
Mint Spring, Va., Jan. 10. 


Outlook.— Dec. 13 we convened in council, when all officers for the 
church and Sunday-school were elected. Bro. Wagner was chosen 
elder; Bro. Tcllic Sutphin, Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 24 
we had a Christmas program, which was very well rendered. An 
offering of $25 was lifted for the Italian Mission. Dec. 31 we met in 
a home and sang and visited. At the close of the service we re- 
peated the first Psalm and had prayer. Yesterday Bro. Fike con- 
ducted a very impressive installation service for the church and Sun- 
day-school officers. He preaches for us twice each Sunday and has 
been giving us excellent sermons. We feel encouraged with our 
young members, who are taking a very active part in the work. — 
Mrs. C. A. Wagner, Outlook, Wash.. Jan. 8. 


Maple Grove church met in council Dec. 30. with Bro. Ralph Rarick 
presiding. He was elected elder for the year. We also chose other 
church and Sunday -school officers, with Bro. Otto Pearson, super- 
intendent. One has been received by baptism since our last report.— 
Edith R. Shade, Stanley, Wis.. Jan. 13. 

Rico Lake church counted it a rare privilege to have the op- 
portunity to hear Bro. W. B. Stover give a missionary lecture on 
India Oct. 31. We had services at the church on Thanksgiving Day. 
An offering was lifted for the General Mission Board. Our church 
met in business session Nov. 27. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. The church decided to adopt the 
budget system for meeting expenses. A fellowship meeting, under 
the auspices of the Young People's Society, was greatly enjoyed 
by all Dec. 1. The Society has organized two Mission Study Classes. 
The intermediates are studying, " Christian Heroism in Heathen 
Lands," and the juniors, "Junior Folks at Mission Study, India." 
Our Christmas program was well attended. We are starting the 
new year with an increasing Sunday-school attendance.— A. S, Bru- 
baker, Rice Lake, Wis., Jan. 9. 

Stanley church assembled in council Dec. 8. Sunday-school officers 
were elected for 1923. The new superintendent is Sister Frances 
Cripe. On the forenoon of the 24th, the Christmas sermon was: 
" Putting Christ in Our Christmas." In the evening, that Sunday, the 
church was packed with people from the city and far out in the 
country. It was the occasion of our well-prepared and impressively- 
rendered Christmas program. At the close an offering was lifted for 
the contemplated new church edifice of the Brooklyn Italian Mis- 
sion. Six evenings, during the holidays, the pastor gave a series 
of stercopticon lectures on " Five Crises hi the Life of Christ," and 
" The Greatest Question in the World." On the evening of Dec. 30 
we held our love feast. The weather was exceptionally favorable, for 
this time in the winter here. There was a good attendance of our own 
members, and some came in from the country churches — Worden and 
Maple Grove. There were sixty at the tables, and the spiritual nature 
of the meeting made it one long to be remembered. The pastor 
was assisted in the service by Eld. Clyde C. Cripe and Bro. Marvin 
Kensinger.— Ralph G. Rarick, Stanley, Wis.. Jan. 13. 


Superintendent and matron to take charge of 
Orphans* Home at Timberville, Va. Services to 
begin March 1, 1923. Permanent place if capable 
of taking charge of the work. 

Write P. S. Thomas, Secretary. 

Harrisonburg, Va. 


Three Systematic Courses by Correspondence 


Catalogue Free 

E. S. Young, Pres. 


Dept. 40, Claremont, Cal. 



Each six months sees an increased interest in 
the Christian Workers' Society. These booklets 
contain not only the topics, but a good outline 
to follow, and will be of assistance in working 
out a program. Each member should have a 
copy. Prices : Less than 25 copies, 4c each ; 25 
copies, 75c; 50 copies, $1.25; 100 copies, $2.00. 


Elgin, Illinois 

With Williams 

Our Secretary 

The great Christian 
ideals exemplified in 
the lives of the early 
apostles are known to 
us because a record 
of their acts has been 
preserved i n printed 

The story of Brother 
Williams' life will be 
to the young people of 
our church what Carey 
and Livingstone have 
meant to young people 
the world over. 

More than 2500 sold 

Written by the ed- 
itor of our Sunday- 
school literature. 

Well bound, in dark 
blue cloth with Brother Williams' portrait as a 
frontispiece. Price, post paid, $1.00. 

Elgin, Illinois 

Servants of the Master 

By Oma Karn 
A book full of the Missionary spirit as por- 
trayed in the lives of two girls. One is Ameri- 
can, the other Chinese. They are apparently 
about the same age, each having her own trials, 
difficulties and struggles, peculiar to her en- 
vironments. Each comes to the point of making 
a resolution to do the apparently impossible, 
and in each case the desired end is accomplished. 
Each has a severe testing, and both, through 
faith in God, come out victorious. 

The story is intensely interesting, one that will 
be read with profit by children and young 
people; and it will be of especial value to par- 
ents. It is destined to inspire many of its read- 
ers with a desire to become Missionaries, or to 
support those who are willing to take up the 
work, and to strengthen the aspirations of those 
who have heeded the call. 

The importance of doing first things first is 
vividly shown. Home and foreign Missionary 
Work are emphasized with equal force. The 
imperative need of the proper and early teach- 
ing of children concerning Missionary work is 
made clearly apparent. 

It is a book for the family, for the Sunday- 
school, for the Mission class. 95 pages bound in 
cloth. Price, 35c per copy. 

Elgin, 111. 
i.. ■ . .- ■ ■ .---■ ■■ .------—-—-—---- ■ -.- 

If YOU haven't already received it, Send Today for 

Our New 1923 Catalog 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin, 111. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kinsdom shall be preached 
iD the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14* 

Vol. 72 

"THY KINGDOM COME"— m.,,.6: io, .uk. it. 

" Till we all attain unto . 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 

Elgin, III, February 3, 1923 

No. 5 

In This Number 


What Commandment Keeping Means 65 

With God, Not Over Him "!.!......."""] 65 

There Was Cause for What Paul Did ..."...^...".!"..,"!.!(>S 

Handling the Details of Living """."..65 

Among the Churches, 72 

Around the World *""" ?3 

The Quiet Hour !!.!..."1."".".!.!"'."71 

The Forward Movement— 

1922 Forward Movement Record of Giving by Districts 69 

A Worthy Challenge ' $<, 

Contributors' Forum- 
Turkey's Challenge (Poem). By Ursula Miller 66 

What Is Practical Preaching? By Wm. Kinsey T 66 

Facing Our Tasks. By L. W. Shultz 66 

To Gesar and to God. By T. A. Eiscnbise " .& 

The Sin of Self- righteousness. By W. H. Fairburn, !..67 

In Memory of Mrs. M. C. Swigart. By Frank P. Jester 68 

Jottings From a Pastor's Joy Journal.— No. 2. By Walter M. 
Kahlc 74 

The Round Table— 

A Happier World (Poem) 70 

The Interplay Between the Divine and the Human." 'By Ezra 

F '° rv . j 70 

Reminiscences of Fifty Years Ago and Beyond.— No. 4. By 

S. Z. Sharp 70 

Two Views of Life. No. 4. By Elgin S. Moyer, ............. '..'.'.70 

A Child Hygiene Campaign in Shansi. By Rebecca C. Wampler, 70 

Home and Family— 

The Empty House (Poem) 7! 

Then and Now. By A. V. Sager !..!.. !.!.!. ".".71 

. . . EDITORIAL, . . . 

What Commandment Keeping Means 

A little further attention to " diagnosis " would 
seem to be in order. We are examining in a very brief 
way certain tendencies in the development of the 
religious thinking of the Church of the Brethren. 
Last week we noticed especially the changing emphasis 
in our thought about salvation, how we are inclined 
to dwell less upon the external aspects of it and more 
upon the inner state of spiritual healthfulness, which 
constitutes its very essence. And how, also, this is 
necessarily affecting our conception of the command- 
ment-keeping, and religious practices generally, which 
create and nurture that state of spiritual soundness. 
This last point may profitably detain us a little longer. 
Obedience to the commandments of God is still 
an indispensable element of religion. It would be a 
great pity if we should ever " outgrow " that idea. 
But it is also a great pity that this virtue shows such 
a strong tendency to become literalistic and formal. 
Finding in the New Testament commandments which 
are performed by some outward act, at a definite time 
and place, we easily come to think of " the com- 
mands " as all or chiefly of that type. Those which, 
like the golden rule as an illustration, can not be dis- 
posed of in that manner but concern the whole round 
of our human relationships, we scarcely see at all, 
or we try to observe them only in a very vague and 
general sense. They do not rank with the other kind 
in importance in our minds. 

This tendency goes further. Not only does it keep 
us from seeing, or at least from emphasizing, the 
commandments which are made the most of in the 
New Testament, but it keeps us from seeing the soul 
of the very commandments we are most diligent to 
observe. Our anxiety is that the ritual of the com- 
mandments shall be carefully regarded, but we are 
not concerned, at least we are not alarmed, over any 
possible neglect of their spiritual message. 

An illustration will make this a little clearer. The 
thirteenth chapter of John deals with the subject of 
feet-washing. The first part of the chapter describes 
'he act itself in detail and in the latter part Jesus 
explains, just as he promised Peter he would, the 
meaning of what he had done. He was teaching by 
this simple means a very important truth. They were 
to do as he had done. ' Surely they would be ashamed 
not to do as much for each other as their Master and 

Lord had done for them. Would a servant try to 
be greater than his Lord? There must be none too 
great or self-important among them to minister to 
the humblest of his fellows. They were to be equal, 
loving one another and always ready to serve one 

Now it happens that this subject is not receiving 
as much consideration in our preaching and writing 
as formerly— a fact that is giving rise to some mis- 
givings. An article on feet-washing, or some refer- 
ence to it, appears in the Messenger occasionally but 
not often. Yet, so far as we know, our congregations 
practice it regularly and universally. But suppose 
some of our churches should begin to drop out this 
rite, or any considerable number of our members 
should refuse to observe it. You can easily imagine 
how that would be regarded. It would be a very 
serious situation, requiring attention at once, as well 
it might. But how is it that nobody is getting excited 
over the flagrant disregard of the spirit of this ordi- 
nance, which is manifest everywhere? Is it possible 
that the facts are not known? Hasn't the word got 
out yet that many of us do not consider our brethren 
as our equals — that we are not as ready to serve them 
as we are to serve ourselves or to have them serve 

To be a little more specific and mention one definite 
form of unbrotherliness, the sin of covetousness is 
in direct violation of the spirit of the rite of feet- 
washing, as Jesus himself explained it. And nothing 
is condemned in the New Testament in severer terms 
than this. Nobody who is guilty of it " hath any in- 
heritance in the Kingdom of Christ and God." And 
whoever does not know that this evil actually exists 
' among us, in no small proportions, is so blind that 
he can not see what is right before his eyes, not to 
say " afar off." It is not something threatened, some- 
thing we are liable to drift into — it is an existing fact. 
But do you know of any special anxiety about it? 
Were you ever at any Elders' Meeting or church 
council where the matter was brought up? Do you 
know of any queries on the way to Annual Conference, 
asking what should be done about this alarming situa- 

The simple truth is that our anxiety about our 
distinctive doctrines is an anxiety for their form, 
far more than for their substance. And we must 
realize this and be honest enough and courageous 
enough to face the implications of it, before we can 
make much headway in properly indoctrinating the 
young life of the church and in preserving for our 
own distinctive doctrines the place which is rightly 

Religion is worship and trust and love and service. 
It is the possession and practice of the spirit of Christ. 
It needs and uses ordinances, ceremonial observances, 
but it does not consist in these. And that is the truest 
commandment-keeping — whether of ritual or other 
commandments — which keeps the soul of them. 

limping on his way. It was himself that had been 
conquered. It was himself that he had prevailed over. 
Power with God is absolutely right; power, in co- 
operate with him, power, in complete identification 
of purpose and will with his. To discover this, and 
then to choose it-this is the problem, the conflict 
which must be faced and solved and fought out and 
won. __^^^^^ 

There Was Cause for What Paul Did 

Great devotion to a great program is the result 
of a great conviction. Things do not happen in the 
realm of soul achievement, any more than in the 
world of natural phenomena, without cause. That 
cause is a burning fire of spiritual passion, kindled and 
fed with the fuel of a great conviction. 

Paul was a man who did things and he knew why, 
and we know why because he tells us. " For this 
cause I " do so and so, he says, three times over in 
the first three chapters of Ephesians. And what was 
that cause? It will pay anybody who would like to do 
something worth while in the world to study those 
chapters until he finds out what it was that so stirred 
the soul of that great man. He will discover that it 
was a settled conviction, as to the supreme worth of 
the enterprise in which he was engaged. It was the 
biggest thing in the world. 

Why, God had foreordained the Gentiles as well 
as Jews unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ 
unto himself. It was the predetermined purpose^ 
him who worketh all things after the counsel of his 
will. A holy temple in the Lord was in process of 
construction and he, Paul, was having a part in it. 
Who wouldn't be inspired by such a project? Don't 
you see what moved him so, what it was that underlay 
that grim determination of his? Don't you see why 
he kept saying: "For this cause"? 

Indifferent Christians and half-dead churches will 
remain such until they find a sufficient cause to be 
something else. That cause can be found only in the 
deep conviction that building the Kingdom of God is 
the finest and divinest business going. And that to 
have a small part in it, is the highest honor mortals 
can aspire to. 

But how can you get such a conviction ? God only 
knows. It does look almost hopeless sometimes. But 
fill up once on Paul's great story. If you are not 
too far gone, that may help a little. 

With God, Not Over Him 

You can not expect to have power with men -until 
you have learned how to have power with God, an 
able counselor in spiritual things advises us. 

It is a true word and one which can hardly be 
listened to too intently, yet there is a certain cunning 
little devil which delights to hide in that phrase 
" power with God," and turn the " with " into an 
" over," while you are not watching. Be on the 
lookout for him. 

After Jacob had wrestled with the angel at Peniel 
and " prevailed," it was Jacob himself that went 

Handling the Details of Living 

If Christian living were not such a concrete thing, 
it could be managed much more easily. As long as 
you do nothing about it but lay down certain broad 
and general principles, you can get on fairly well. 
The trouble is that life is packed full of facts, events 
and problems that have to be met and dealt with. 
You must decide one way or the other. 

And you can not get around it by refusing to 
decide. For you must act one way or the other, and 
your action or inaction, if you prefer to call it that, 
is itself a decision. 

But though we are thus beset by these manifold 
details, there is a right and safe way through them. 
To find it we must fall back on those " broad and 
general principles." They are the framework of our 
religion. But we must use them. We must actually 
set them to work. 

And the greatest of these is love. There is no 
other that covers so many cases. When you have 
disposed of all that this principle applies to, you will 
not have many left. 



Turkey's Challenge 


They hold out mocking hands with bitter hate, 
Whom Christian, pope, and priest have wanton slain; 
They drag no faith to mire, but call it fate, 
Their cruel end, which is a bleeding pain. 
Children, women, men, they hate, destroy, kill, 
Nor feel they've done enough to show their hate 
For Christians, whose delight a bloody thrill; 
Not Christ, they love their feud of ancient^date. 

Brutal, cruel, fetid, through years of lust I 
Unbridled passion serves no lowly Christ, 
Dut yields to baseness low as drear Gomorrah's dust, 
Nor higher rises than the Holy One is priced 1" 
Steeled Turkey's heart with bars of wickedness, 
Startling the world with their atrocious deed; 
Unspeakably sinister their wantonness. 
O Christian, wilt a hate with hatred feed? 

What shall we? Sword with sword, an eye for eye? 

No lessons learned, O years, bloodthirsty years? 

A Christian altar built of hate more high, 

To match their murder and their women's tears? 

Will not the Christ by SOME be lifted up, 

Meek humility and love for others? 

Professing hearts do well to drink the cup 

Of Christ who loves his enemies and brothers. 

Hesston, Kans. ■ # ■ 

What Is Practical Preaching? 


Practical preaching we believe to be one of the 
greatest — if not the greatest — needs of the Christian 
church today. The discussion of this question mainly 
hinges on the word " practical." 
The Word 
The word " practical " comes from the Greek word 
praktikos, an adjective. It means that which can 
be put into practice, or put into action — the usable, 
fit for action. Praktikos, in turn, comes from the 
verb prasso, and means to exercise, to practice, to be 
busy with, to carry on, to accomplish, to perform, 
etc. The verb from which the adjective comes, is used 
in the New Testament. 

" Practical " is that which can be practiced — that 
which can be put into action, the usable — as over 
and against the theoretical or speculative, which is 
unusable and can not be practiced. Take the idea 
of " practice " out of the word " practical," and the 
heart of the word is gone. Practical preaching, there- 
fore, is the sort of preaching that can be practiced 
or done. A preacher's preaching is practical when 
he preaches what he practices. Which is correct — 
" Preach what you practice," or " practice what you 
preach"? Jesus preached what he practiced, and 
practiced what he preached. His was not the theoreti- 
cal and the impossible. 

A statement from Mr. F. M. Barton will serve 
to differentiate between the practical and the theoret- 
ical; "Socialism is the doctrine of theories, and few 
of them seek to put their theories into practice. It 
is the Christian men and women of America who 
are practicing all that is sound in Socialism. Very 
few Socialists have the courage to practice what they 
preach. The Socialist talks unselfishness. The Chris- 
tian practices unselfishness." The Christian is prac- 
tical, the Socialist is impractical and theoretical. 
Practical preaching is not too ideal and theoretical 
to be lived. 

Jesus the Criterion 

When you preach on love, preach on the love of 
Jesus. This is practical. It is practical because it 
is concrete. Jesus is not the word love, or the symbol 
of love — he is love itself. When he prayed for his 
enemies, it was love asserting itself, love acting. Jesus 
is our Criterion. What he did was not theory — it 
was not too ideal. He asked his disciples to follow 

When you preach on patience, preach on the pa- 
tience of Jesus, first of all. So with meekness, for- 
giveness, obedience, sincerity, etc., for Jesus was the 
very embodiment of all these things. They all found 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 3, 1923 

expression in his life. His life was practical, there- 
fore he could preach what he practiced. And because 
these traits arc concrete, workable, practical, Christ's 
life makes its appeal. " And I, if I be lifted up from 
the earth, will draw all men unto myself " (John 12 : 

Practical preaching deals with the personality of 
j esus — his love, faith, meekness, forgiveness, etc., 
rather than with the theories of his substance, the 
incarnation, or how the human and the divine can 
be united in one body. Mohammedanism was born 
into the world at the very time when the early church 
was doing such theoretical preaching. It was more 
practical for Jesus to tell what a neighbor was, by 
telling a neighborly act — the story of the Good Samar- 
itan. It is more practical to preach Bible examples 
of repentance; also examples from history and from 
life, than to preach on the theory of repentance. 

The fact that many people do not do what they 
hear, is not, necessarily, a proof that the preaching 
is not practical. Jesus' preaching was always practi- 
cal. But he had many who were only hearers. So 
with John the Baptist. James said : " Do the practical 
things you hear" (James 1 : 19-27). With some it is 
only emotion and no motion— only impression without 
a corresponding expression. 

Some Characteristics 

A direct, simple, plain, everyday, homely spoken 
language — such as the people can get hold of — may 
be said to be practical preaching. John the Baptist 
was such. With him it was : " You generation of 
vipers, produce the proof of your repentance." The 
people got hold of it. It was direct, simple, and to 
the point. It was usable, and was practiced by many. 
Jesus was simple and to the point. Spurgeon was 
common and everyday in his preaching — a style with 
applications readily grasped by the people. But with 
it all he was spiritual and sincere. The preacher 
with the logical turn of mind was often disappointed 
at hearing 3purgeon preach. At Gettysburg, in 1863, 
Lincoln was more practical than Everett. The latter 
was logical and eloquent. . Lincoln was simple and 
in every way practical. 

Moody was practical. Billy Sunday is practical — 
not because of his slang, but in spite of it. He speaks 
in the tongue of the people the wonderful words of 
life. There is a fine principle in the pedagogy of 
Jesus that we must remember. He " spake the word 
unto them as they were able to hear it" (Mark 4: 33). 
Preach as the people are able to hear, and not as you 
are able to preach. 

Practical preaching is the preaching that counts. 
This is well illustrated by the following from the 
Expositor: "Preaching That Counts. — Recently the 
pastor of a most exclusive church was taken suddenly 
sick. The phone message came, asking that we occupy 
the pulpit, which we did. As we sat listening to the 
magnificent anthem, we noticed fifteen men and 
women, each of whose names takes up more than 
a paragraph of ' Who's Who in America?' and there 
stole over us a desire to do a very daring thing. Years 
ago, to a party of uneducated negroes, we preached 
a sermon — simple, direct and spiritual. As we thought 
of it, it recrystallized. The old outline took form, 
the old spiritual climaxes reappeared, and to that con- 
gregation it was given with the result that we are 
still hearing about it, the one question being, ' Why 
can't we have more preaching like that?' We can, 
when we dare to make the Gospel as simple and plain 
and rigidly righteous for our so-called educated folks, 
as we do for the siinple souls who make up the most 
of the congregations in suburb and city." 
New Windsor, Md. 

Facing Our Tasks 

(Extracts from a paper, prepared and read before a joint meeting 
of the District Boards of Middle Indiana, by L. W. Slmlts, Director 
ot Religious Education for the Manchester Territory.) 

I. Policies 

For many years boards have worked without any 
well-defined policies or plans of work — at least such 
programs, if had, were not made public. No definite 
goals ahead were set, toward which to strive. Some 

one has well said: "Hitch your wagon to a star, 
or you set just where you are." Browning thought 
that " it is better to aim at a million and miss it by 
one, than to aim at a hundred and get there." " Not 
failure but low aim is crime." 

We are, as a church, now coming more fully into 
the board stage of our history, when men and women, 
chosen for their fitness, not for their honor, are to 
serve the church in a special way and field. In fact, 
we need teaching and vision on this matter of service 
versus honor. Many men and women, in church cir- 
cles even, are striving to secure an office not for the 
service they can render but for the honor and power 
it will bring- Far be it from us to recognize and 
appoint and set forward folks for the sake of honor- 
ing them. Honor will be a by-product and will come 
only when effective service has been done in the 
position assigned. 

Each board's service and success will be determined 
by the character and execution of a wise, carefully- 
planned policy for its work. It is to be hoped that 
each District Board will be prepared to present to this 
body its program and policy for the ensuing year. 

The work that has been done along this line already, 
has created a District consciousness. There has come 
about a desire to move forward as a District, and 
results coming from the local units make it possible 
to report some Very remarkable gains this year. 
II. The Pest Year's Work 

During September and October each church was 
visited by your Field Secretary, in which time contacts 
were made between the boards of the District and 
the local leaders and committees. This was done 
through personal conference and through mailing lists, 
which were made and furnished to the secretaries of 
the boards. These lists should be kept revised by 
each secretary and the Field Director. 

In the latter part of November and the first of 
December the Bonsack-Minnich-Long tour was made 
with very splendid results. Not such large crowds 
were in attendance, but most of the leaders of all 
but five of the churches of the District were touched 
by these group meetings. There should be some kind 
of follow-up work done now, to reap some results 
from Bro. Bonsack's splendid teaching on Tithing and 
Stewardship. Mission Study and the Vacation Church 
School work both received an impetus. Perhaps a 
similar group of conferences will be helpful again this 

Local week-end and evening conferences were held 
and a large amount of correspondence was handled. 

A program of personal evangelism has been urged, 
and as a result there have been some special efforts 
put on, in the last year, that are gratifying. Pre- 
Easter services were held in many churches. The 
Sunday-school reports alone record the largest num- 
ber of accessions for any one year — 462. Classes and 
studies in Personal Work have been urged and texts 
recommended. At the Young People's Conference 
at Winona a group of young people spent one hour 
each day in the study of the principles and methods 
of this phase of Christian work. 

Two issues of the "District News Letter" have 
been edited and sent out. It was impossible, under 
the orders given for the paper's issuance, to obtain 
a classification under second-class mail matter. Some 
very favorable responses have come back from these 
issues. The value and the expediency of spending 
$2-50 per year on such an endeavor should be a matter 
for # careful consideration. 

The Young People's Conference at Peru, Ind., April 
1 and 2, was a very important event in this year's 
history. These splendid young folks are eager and 
anxious to get ready and plan to do work in the great 
cause of the church. Each of you should have seen 
them carefully and prayerfully considering some of 
their very vital religious problems. 

III. Some Tasks Ahead 

Reform.— The church has a great work to do 
in creating sentiment for, and actually helping in, the 
enforcement of the eighteenth amendment. The 
growth of the cigarette habit and alarming moral 

conditions otherwise, call forth the best in us to com- 
bat the forces of wrong. Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts said 
that three things are undermining our young girls' 
morality today : Jazz music, misuse of the automobile 
and the immoral dance. What are we going to do 
about it? 

Our Ministerial Problem. — The largest question 
facing our church today is its ministerial calling, 
training and control. We are congregational — each 
group a law unto itself — doing as seemeth right in 
its own eyes, or at least in the eyes of a bare majority 
of those who are active members. We have come 
to a time when we will do well to find a plane of 
control and distribution. It may require some central 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 3, 1923 

this world dreams of." Praying for a cause tends 
to make one ready to act, give and even die, that a 
cause may succeed. With carefully-prepared policies 
for next year, prayer, consecration and effort will 
move us forward. 

Publicity.— Constantly the needs of the world and 
our immediate field, and the means we have at hand, 
stored up in talent and gold, must be presented to 
the church, if it is to feel these needs and be moved 
to action in meeting them. 

Revision of Boards.— This board should leave no 
stone unturned in planning and accomplishing its 
work. If this means revision of boards, closer corre- 


The Sin of Self-Righteousness 


While awaiting my car, a few days ago, I was 
approached by a sorry specimen of humanity-the 
remains of what at one time was, probably, a decent 
man. I could hardly realize how a man could sink 
to such utter demoralization. 

I gave him the information sought for, and watched 
him as he ambled away in the direction of a well- 
known institution of charity. Then I fell to meditat- 
ing upon the incident, and about the first thing that 
entered my mind was the thought that those more 

lation of activities, and long hours of labor, we should IavoraD| y situated can not be too thankful that they 
board or agent who can, with authonty, locate and be willing to use any lawful me*ns to reach toward " re ""V* 5 SUch a d °wn-and-out. But following quickly 

examine and license our ministry. This question is 
large but vital. 

Then there is the question of cooperation, corre- 
lation or union of the two boards that have to deal 
directly with the ministers in this District — the Min- 
isterial and Mission Boards. We are anticipating a 
report from the committee on the revision of boards 
on this problem. 

A wise and helpful distribution of ministers would 
make possible the opening of work in our territory 
where work is needed or has been abandoned. There 
is a rather alarming inactivity in the matter of pastoral 
work, organization of the church forces and even 
public preaching, on the part of many of our minis- 
ters. Here is a real problem. Church calendars are 
not very full in some congregations. 

Our ministry needs training, helpful and construc- 
tive criticism, advice, and especially encouragement. 
All of the above must be constructive and helpful 
criticism, else it had better not be given. 

Finance. — One year ago a new financial budget 
system was adopted in Middle Indiana, largely through 
the advice and suggestion of this board". Careful con- 
sideration of the plan and its working should be 
given, so that a clear understanding by all may be 
had, and that correct methods may be taken in work- 
ing the plan. It will now be necessary to arrive at 
an estimate for next year's needs, that a new budget 
may be_ prepared for the coming District Business 

Training and Nurture.— The task of the church 
is educational. Missions, Christian Education and 
Evangelism are all one great work. Much has been 
done in the Sunday-school, preaching hour. Chris- 
tian Workers' Societies, Orphans' Homes, Vacation 
Schools and in Training and Devotional Classes. The 
closest cooperation should exist between our boards 
in advancing a program of this kind of work, because 
the work of each is affected. May there be more 
Vacation Schools, better Sunday-schools, large groups 
of talented folks in training in the local churches, 
functioning Young People's Departments, and all of 
our coming workers that can and ought to be in col- 
lege, there in special preparation. If these goals are 
accomplished, a strong and able leadership for the 
church of tomorrow is assured. Personal Work 
classes, community training classes, workers' confer- 
ences, and training for every one in his task, ought 
to be the order everywhere. Some very extraordinary 
work will then be accomplished. 

Vision of the Field. — In most places records and 
statistics are poorly kept, if kept at all. Churches 
say they have " about so many members." Each 
church needs and should be encouraged to keep an 
accurate church official and membership directory, 
revised and up-to-date. The elder, pastor, and church 
clerk, ,in each congregation, naturally form a com- 
mittee that should do this phase of the work. Our 
reports to the District are not full enough to give 
an insight into the workings and success of any 
church. It is hereby recommended that some yearly 
church report blank be adopted and recommended to 
the District Conference. In this way each church, 
as well as these boards, can get the benefit of this 

IV. Our Means of Progress 
Prayer. — Prayer changes things; prayer releases 
power. " More things aTe wrought by prayer than 

those far-off goals. The fate of many may hang 
upon our decision here. 

To Caesar and to God 


Jesus was as careful to render to Caesar that which 
was due him, as he was to render just tribute to God. 
In fact, the teaching of Jesus, all through, justifies the 
statement that one can not render to God that which 
belongs to him, without rendering to Ca;sar that which 
belongs to him. In other words— an individual can 
not faithfully serve God, without equally faithfully 
serving his fellows. Jesus taught emphatically that, 
to serve one's fellows, was to serve him. To neglect 
to serve those with whom we come in contact, is to 
neglect to serve him. None of Christ's teachings is 
plainer than this. 

Caesar, in the time of our Lord, represented the 
government. That, to a certain extent, was the com- 
munity. To serve the government was to serve, in 
a measure, the common good. To advance the inter- 
ests of the government under which one lives, is to 
advance the interests of the community, and therefore, 
the common good. Jesus consistently taught that an 
individual should be a good citizen. It might be 
possible to be a good citizen and not be a Christian. 
Ideally, however, that would be impossible. But, how- 
ever you might feel about that, it follows that a man 
can not be a good Christian and fail to be a good 
citizen. Might it not be well for us to ask with candor, 
" How does this thing, which I am doing, or not doing, 
rank with that which we might call good citizenship? 
What does a good citizen do?" 

Well, to say the least, a good citizen is law-abiding. 
He meets his obligations. He lives within his means. 
In short, he does everything that contributes to the 
common good. And faithfully, he avoids everything 
that does not lend itself to the advancement of the 
community. In order to be a good citizen,«it is neces- 
sary — as it appears to me — to have a great deal of that 
something, in a man's make-up, that will impel him 
to " do to others as he would have them do to him." 
A selfish, narrow-minded, self-centered person can not, 
it seems to me, be a very good citizen. In the very 
nature of the case it is impossible for him to do much 
for the common good. He does, along this line, only 
those things that he is compelled to do. 

The man in the city who, in rearing a structure, 
builds his brick wall to the prescribed thickness, so 
that it can not topple over on his fellow-beings and 
destroy their lives, may or may not be actuated by 
a principle of community interest. In his permit he 
is specifically directed as to the thickness of his wall, 
and is therefore compelled to build safely, as specified 
by the ordinance governing building operations. It 
is quite a different matter, so far as one's character 
and actions are concerned — these not being especially 
prescribed by law. Is the man, who is given to 
drunkenness, building a structure that will be safe for 
his associates? Is the man who goes about the street, 
or wheresoever, and puffs at a cigar or a cigarette — 
and who is, therefore, setting a pernicious example 
to young men and boys — living to the highest good of 
the community? Is that man a good citizen? Is he 
rendering to Caesar that which belongs to him — saying 
nothing of rendering to God that which is justly due 

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